William H. Robertson
William Henry Robertson was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was the son of Henry Robertson, he received an academic education, studied law, began practice in his native town. He was a Whig member of the New York State Assembly in 1849 and 1850, he was Judge of the Westchester County Court from 1856 to 1866. He joined the Republican Party upon its organization in 1855, was a presidential elector in 1860, voting for Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin. Robertson was elected as a Republican to the 40th United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1867, to March 3, 1869, he was again a member of the State Senate from 1872 to 1881, sitting in the 95th, 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd and 104th New York State Legislatures. In 1874, after a constitutional amendment created it as a standing office, he was chosen President pro tempore of the New York State Senate, he remained on this post until his retirement from the Senate in May 1881 upon his federal appointment.
In 1881, he was appointed Collector of the Port of New York by President James Garfield whose nomination he had helped to secure by leading a part of the New York delegation at the 1880 Republican National Convention to desert the Grant column. Robertson's nomination to the collectorship, made without consulting the wishes of the two Republican U. S. Senators, Roscoe Conkling and Thomas C. Platt, according to their claims, in violation of the President's pledge, led to the resignation of the two Senators and resulted in a serious party split. In the bitter struggle between the Stalwart and the Half-Breed factions which followed, Robertson was active in the campaign that resulted in the election of new Senators in the place of Conkling and Platt. Robertson was a delegate to the 1884 Republican National Convention, held the collectorship until 1885. Afterwards, he resumed his law practice, he was again a member of the State Senate from 1888 to 1891, sitting in the 111th, 112th, 113th and 114th New York State Legislatures.
Autobiography of Thomas Collier Platt This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead
Jacob Sloat Fassett
Jacob Sloat Fassett was a businessman and member of the United States House of Representatives from New York. He was born on November 1853, in Elmira, Chemung County, New York, he attended the public schools and graduated from the University of Rochester in 1875. He was admitted to the bar in 1878 and commenced practice in Elmira, he was District Attorney of Chemung County in 1878 and 1879. On February 13, 1879, he married in Sacramento, Jennie Louise Crocker, the daughter of Judge Edwin B. Crocker. Around this time Fassett became the proprietor of the Elmira Daily Advertiser. Afterwards he enrolled as a law student at Heidelberg University in Germany, he began the practice of law. Fassett was a member of the New York State Senate from 1884 to 1891, sitting in the 107th, 108th, 109th, 110th, 111th, 112th, 113th and 114th New York State Legislatures, he was a delegate to the 1880, 1892 and 1916 Republican National Conventions, was Temporary Chairman in 1892. He was Secretary of the Republican National Committee from 1888 to 1892.
President Benjamin Harrison appointed Fassett as Collector of the Port of New York, a post he held from August 1 to September 15, 1891, when he resigned to run for Governor of New York. At the New York state election, 1891, he was defeated by Democrat Roswell P. Flower. Fassett was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1894, he was elected as a Republican to the 59th, 60th and 61st United States Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1911. His last political role was as Chairman of the Republican advisory convention in 1918. After retiring from politics, he resumed his work in the lumber business in Elmira, he died on April 21, 1924 in Vancouver, British Columbia, while returning from a business trip to Japan and the Philippines. He was an investor in various mines among, the Oriental Consolidated Mining Corporation in Korea, managed by his cousin, Spokane politician and metallurgist Charles M. Fassett, he was buried at the Woodlawn Cemetery in Elmira.
In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Jacob Sloat Fassett was named in his honor. Fassett, Quebec - The village of Fassett, Quebec in Canada is named after him. Fassett's Point - Located in Falmouth, this 40-acre portion of land on the north side of West Falmouth Harbor is divided into two portions: 12 acres which comprise "Little Island" and the other 28 acres are known as "Greycourt." It was here on the 28 acres of Greycourt at the end of Little Island Road in Falmouth, Massachusetts where Jacob and his wife Jennie Crocker Fassett built a large summer estate in 1916 - 1918.. After his death and that of his wife in 1939, the estate was put up for sale for $35,000. By 1941 it had still not sold and their children had the estate destroyed and the land divided; some of his descendants still live on the land of this great estate. Fassett Elementary School - Elementary School in Elmira, New York. Fassett Commons - In 1916, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Fassett donated $30,000 to Elmira College for the construction of a dining hall.
It became the main dining hall in 1917. It is connected to the north arm of Cowles Hall. Jacob Fassett favored the name Crocker Hall; when construction costs grew beyond expectations, the Fassetts donated an additional $10,000. Faculty members of the art department have their offices in Fassett Commons, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Fassett Family - Although Jacob Sloat Fassett and Jennie Crocker had several children, none of them went into politics like their father, their most famous child was Jacob Sloat Fassett, Jr. or better known by his stage name as Jay Fassett who starred in several Hollywood films. Jay Fassett had a son, Jacob Sloat Fassett, III who, like his father Jay, graduated from Cornell and went into the hotel business buying a 50-room hotel in upstate New York when he was just 26 years old. Jacob Sloat Fassett, III lived his remaining years on; the Congressman and his son Newton Crocker Fassett were partners in mining ventures with Spokane mayor Charles M. Fassett, a cousin of Jacob Sloat Fassett.
Kaffe Fassett is a well-known designer living in London. He is the great-grandson of Jacob Sloat Fassett. Fassett Pennsylvania - This town is named after Jacob Sloat Fassett's grandfather, Philo Fassett. Portions of the text on this page were adapted from the public domain Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. OCMC: Chosen Gold - TIME magazine "Chosen Gold". Time. 1939-09-11. Retrieved 2008-08-08. United States Congress. "Jacob Sloat Fassett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Hamburg, New York
Hamburg is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 56,936, it is named in Germany. The town is south of Buffalo. Hamburg is one of the Southtowns in Erie County; the villages of Hamburg and Blasdell are in the town. Historical evidence shows the area was settled by the Erie people. Around 1805 the settlement was named after Zenas Barker, the postmaster. On the site of this building today is the Dock at the Bay; the first landowner in the area was John Cummings, who built the first grist mill in 1806. The town of Hamburg was formed by government decree on March 1812, from the town of Willink; the first town meeting took place on April 7, 1812, at Jacob Wright's tavern at Wright's Corners, renamed Abbott's Corners, now Armor. One of the early noted activities of the town board that year was to place a $5 bounty on wolf hides, due to the complaints of the local settlers who were being bothered by them. In 1815, mail routes were established; the earliest settlers in the area were from New England.
Germans set up many successful farms. On November 29, 1824, a meeting was held in Abbott's Corners at the home of early settler Seth Abbott. At a vote of those present, agreement was reached to form a library with the sum of $102. By 1850, the town was reduced by the formation of the towns of West Seneca. Around 1852, the Erie Railroad was built through the area. In 1868 the Erie County Fair has been there since that time. In 1875, the weekly publication of the Erie County Independent began; this is now known as The Sun. Telephone service in the area started in 1886; the village of Hamburg set itself off from the town in 1874 by incorporating as a village. Starting in 1890 and to support the growing regional steel industry and Italians began to arrive in the area. In 1897, a group of women known as the Nineteenth Century Club started a permanent free public library, known as the Hamburg Free Library; until 1901 it was in various rented buildings. The Hamburg Free Library was moved into a Carnegie library on Center Street on November 8, 1915, where it remained until 1966 when the current library at 102 Buffalo Street opened.
In 1898, the community of Blasdell set itself apart from the town by incorporating as a village. A trolley car system was established in the early 1900s; the Kleis Site, containing the remnants of a 17th-century Iroquoian village and burial ground, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. In July 2012, Main Street in the village of Hamburg from Lake Street to Buffalo Street was granted state approval for nomination as a national historic district. According to the United States Census Bureau, 41.4 square miles, of which 41.3 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles, or 0.07%, is water. Lake Erie forms the western border of the town, Eighteen Mile Creek forms the southern boundary. Amsdell Heights – A hamlet in the western part of the town inland from Wanakah. Armor – A hamlet northeast of Hamburg village on the border of the town of Orchard Park; this community was called "Wright's Corners" and "Abbott's Corners." Athol Springs – A lakeside hamlet on the west side of the town.
Big Tree – A location near the intersection of US-20 and US-20A. Blasdell – The village of Blasdell is at the northern border of the town. Carnegie – A location northwest of Hamburg village on NY-75. Clifton Heights – A lakeside hamlet on the Lake Erie shore. Eighteen Mile Creek – A stream that forms part of the south border of the town and empties into Lake Erie south of Walden Cliffs. Eighteen Mile Creek County Park – An undeveloped park on the south town line. Hamburg - The village of Hamburg is in the southeast corner of the town. Hamburg Airport – A small general aviation airport on the south town line. Hamburg Fairgrounds – The location of the Erie County Fair every August and other events throughout the year. Buffalo Raceway is inside the fairgrounds; the fairgrounds are on Route 62 north of Hamburg village. Hampton Brook Woods Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area by Eighteen Mile Creek. Lake View – A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town inland from Walden Cliffs and site of the Gatling Land Boom of 1893.
Locksley Park – A location by Lake Erie south of Athol Springs. Mount Vernon – A lakeside community in the west part of the town. Pinehurst – A lakeside hamlet on the Lake Erie shore. Roundtree – A development south of Athol Springs and north of Carnegie. Scranton – A location bordering the north side of Hamburg village. Wanakah – A lakeside hamlet in the western part of the town. Walden Cliffs – A lakeside hamlet in the southwest corner of the town named after Ebenezer Walden, a prominent western New York citizen and once mayor of Buffalo. Water Valley – A hamlet south of Hamburg village on the south side of Eighteen Mile Creek on Routes 62 and 75. Weyer – A location east of Pinehurst. Willow Run – A neighborhood / cul de sac northeast of Roundtree and north of Carnegie. Windom – A community on the eastern border of the town. Woodlawn – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town. Woodlawn Beach State Park – a park on the shore of Lake Erie. Hamburg experiences a continental climate influenced by lake-effect snow from Lake Erie.
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,259 people, 21,999 households, 15,157 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,362.7 people per square mile. There were 22,833 housing units at an average density of 553.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.39% As
Parimutuel betting is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool. In some countries it is known as the Tote after the totalisator, which calculates and displays bets made; the parimutuel system is used in gambling on horse racing, greyhound racing, jai alai, all sporting events of short duration in which participants finish in a ranked order. A modified parimutuel system is used in some lottery games. Parimutuel betting differs from fixed-odds betting in that the final payout is not determined until the pool is closed – in fixed odds betting, the payout is agreed at the time the bet is sold. Parimutuel gambling is state-regulated, offered in many places where gambling is otherwise illegal. Parimutuel gambling is also offered at "off track" facilities, where players may bet on the events without being present to observe them in person. Consider a hypothetical event that has eight possible outcomes, in a country using a decimal currency such as dollars.
Each outcome has a certain amount of money wagered: Thus, the total pool of money on the event is $1028.00. Following the start of the event, no more wagers are accepted; the event is decided and the winning outcome is determined to be Outcome 4 with $110.00 wagered. The payout is now calculated. First the commission or take for the wagering company is deducted from the pool. For example, with a commission rate of 14.25% the calculation is: $1028 × 0.1425 = $146.49. This leaves a remaining amount of $881.51. This remaining amount in the pool is now distributed to those who wagered on Outcome 4: $881.51 / $110.00 = 8.01 ≈ $8 per $1 wagered. This payout includes the $1 wagered plus an additional $7 profit. Thus, the odds on Outcome 4 are 7-to-1. Prior to the event, betting agencies will provide approximates for what will be paid out for a given outcome should no more bets be accepted at the current time. Using the wagers and commission rate above, an approximates table in decimal odds and fractional odds would be: In real-life examples, such as horse racing, the pool size extends into millions of dollars with many different types of outcomes and complex commission calculations.
Sometimes, the amounts paid out are rounded down to a denomination interval—in the United States and Australia, 10¢ intervals are used. The rounding loss is sometimes known as breakage and is retained by the betting agency as part of the commission. In horse racing, a practical example of this circumstance might be when an overwhelming favorite wins; the parimutuel calculation results might call for a small winning payout, but the legal regulation would require a larger payout. In North America, this condition is referred to as a minus pool. In an event with a set of n possible single-winner outcomes, with wagers W1, W2... Wn the total pool of money on the event is W T = ∑ i = 1 n W i. After the wagering company deducts a commission rate of r from the pool, the amount remaining to be distributed between the successful bettors is WR = WT; those who bet on the successful outcome m will receive a payout of WR / Wm for every dollar they bet on it. When there are k possible winners, such as a North American "place" bet which has k = 2 winners, the total amount to be distributed WR is first divided into k equal shares.
If m is one of the k winners, those who bet on outcome m will receive a payout of / Wm for every dollar they bet on it. The parimutuel system was invented by Catalan impresario Joseph Oller in 1867; the large amount of calculation involved in this system led to the invention of a specialized mechanical calculating machine known as a totalisator, "automatic totalisator" or "tote board", invented by the Australian engineer, George Alfred Julius. The first was installed at Ellerslie Racecourse, New Zealand in 1913, they came into widespread use at race courses throughout the world; the U. S. introduction was in 1927, which led to the opening of the suburban Arlington Racetrack in Arlington Park, near Chicago and Sportsman's Park in Cicero, Illinois, in 1932. Unlike many forms of casino gambling, in parimutuel betting the gambler bets against other gamblers, not the house, which implies that the bank cannot be broken; the science of predicting the outcome of a race is called handicapping. Independent off-track bookmakers have a smaller take and thus offer better payoffs, but they are illegal in some countries.
However, the introduction of Internet gambling led to "rebate shops". These off-shore betting shops promise to return some percentage of every bet made to the bettor, they may reduce their take from 15-18% to as little as 1 or 2%, while still generating a profit by operating with minimal overhead. There may be several different types of bets; the basic bets involve predicting the order of finish for a single participant, as follows: In Canada and the United States, the most common types of bet on horse races include: Single raceWin: to succeed the bettor must pick the horse that wins the race. Place: the bettor must pick a horse that finishes either first or second. Show: the bettor must pick a horse that finishes first, second or third. Across the board: the bettor places three separate bets to place or show. Exacta, perfecta, or exactor: the bettor must p
Charles T. Saxton
Charles Terry Saxton was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was the son of Eliza A. Saxton, he was educated at the Clyde High School. He was a member of the Young Men's Debating Club in Cortland In 1861, he joined the 19th Regiment of New York Volunteers, finished the American Civil War as a major, he fought in the Battle of Port Hudson. Afterwards he was admitted to the bar, he was a Justice of the Peace, President of the Village of Clyde. He was an alternate delegate to the 1884 Republican National Convention, a delegate to the 1900 Republican National Convention, he was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1887, 1888 and 1889. In 1888, as Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, he took charge of the Ballot Reform Bill and secured its passage in both Assembly and Senate, but it was vetoed by Gov. David B. Hill; the next year, he had the bill passed again. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1890 to 1894, sitting in the 113th, 114th, 115th, 116th and 117th New York State Legislatures.
In 1890, considering the governor's objections, he made a few changes to the Ballot Reform Bill and had it passed again, it was enacted. He was instrumental for the Electric Execution Bill to be passed and enacted. In 1891, he was Chancellor of Union College, the College conferred the title of LL. D. on him. In the session of 1892, he made a strong but unsuccessful fight against the re-apportionment of the state, for his refusal to vote on an enumeration bill he and two other senators were declared guilty of contempt by Lt. Gov. William F. Sheehan and their names taken from the roll, but they were supported by the judiciary committee in their position, were purged of contempt and their names restored. He was the Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1895 to 1896, elected on the Republican ticket with Levi P. Morton at the New York state election, 1894. On November 19, 1896, his wife Helen M. Saxton died at Clyde. On March 30, 1897, he was appointed one of the first judges of the New York Court of Claims, to take office on January 1, 1898, for a six-year term.
Until the end of 1897, this body had been the Board of Claims, with three commissioners. He was chosen Chief Judge, died in office; because of his failing health, he went in the fall of 1903 to Clifton Springs, New York, but did not get better. After several weeks, he entered the City Hospital at Rochester, died a week later. List of New York Legislature members expelled or censured His career, in NYT on September 19, 1894 His wife's death notice in NYT on November 20, 1896 Appointed to the Court of Claims. In NYT on March 31, 1897 Obit in NYT on October 24, 1903 Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland, 1899. Cortland Evening Standard, Fri. April 12, 1895
George Cromwell was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was the son of Henry Bowman Cromwell, founder of the Cromwell Shipping Line, Sarah Cromwell, he attended Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, graduated from Yale College in 1883. He graduated from Columbia Law School in 1886, practiced law with the firm of Elihu Root until 1889, he was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1888. From 1889 to 1897, he practiced law with the firm of Butler, Stillman & Hubbard, was in charge of the admiralty law branch. In 1897, he opened his own law office on Broadway. After the consolidation of New York City, he was elected the first Borough President of Richmond in a close and contested election, with a margin of only six votes, decided by the New York State Court of Appeals, he was elected three times, served from 1898 to 1913. He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1915 to 1918, sitting in the 138th, 139th, 140th and 141st New York State Legislatures, he declined to run for re-election in 1918.
On June 1, 1915, in his first senate term, he married Hermine de Rouville, a member of the noted Hertel de Rouville family of Quebec. They had no children. On September 11, 1934, he suffered a stroke, died six days in Dongan Hills, Staten Island, he was buried at the Moravian Cemetery in Staten Island. Official New York from Cleveland to Hughes by Charles Elliott Fitch Cromwell Put on the Fusion Slate in The New York Times on September 29, 1909
Jacob A. Cantor
Jacob Aaron Cantor was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was a United States Representative from 1913 to 1915, he was born at 19, Second street, NYC, as the son of Henry Cantor and Hannah Cantor, both natives of London. He was a reporter for the New York World from 1872 to 1877. At the same time he studied law at the City College of New York, graduated in 1875, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in New York City, he was a delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention. He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1885, 1886 and 1887, he was a member of the New York State Senate from 1888 to 1898, sitting in the 111th, 112th, 113th, 114th, 115th, 116th, 117th, 118th, 119th, 120th and 121st New York State Legislatures. On November 2, 1891, his first wife Julia Cantor died. On September 25, 1897, he married Lydia Greenbaum, they had three children: Margaret and John, he was Borough President of Manhattan from 1902 to 1903, elected on the fusion ticket headed by Seth Low for Mayor of New York City, nominated by the anti-Tammany Hall Democrats and the Citizens Union.
Cantor was elected as a Democrat to the 63rd United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Francis Burton Harrison, served from November 4, 1913, to March 3, 1915. He unsuccessfully contested the election of Isaac Siegel to the 64th United States Congress. Afterwards he resumed the practice of law in New York City, he was President of the New York City Department of Assessments from 1918 until his death. He died at his home at 2345 Broadway, in Manhattan, was buried at the Mt. Hope Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York. List of Jewish members of the United States Congress United States Congress. "Jacob A. Cantor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Political Graveyard Obit in NYT on July 3, 1921 Obit of his first wife, in NYT on November 3, 1891 Jacob A. Cantor at Find a Grave