St. Charles Borromeo Seminary
St. Charles Borromeo Seminary is the seminary of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Named for Saint Charles Borromeo, it is located just outside the city, at City Avenue and Lancaster Pike, in Lower Merion Township, Pennsylvania; the seminary is accredited by both the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. It consists of four divisions: College, Graduate School of Theology and Permanent Diaconate. Potential candidates for the priesthood pursue a program which consists of a four-year liberal arts curriculum followed by a four-year curriculum within the professional school of theology; the seminary offers the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Master of Divinity, Master of Arts. The current rector is the Most Reverend Timothy C. Senior and the current Vice Rector is Reverend Fr. Joseph Shenosky. St. Charles Borromeo Seminary was founded in 1832 by Bishop Francis Kenrick, the third Bishop of Philadelphia.
The seminary was located at the home of Bishop Kenrick on Fifth Street in Philadelphia. In 1838, it was chartered to grant academic degrees. Circumstances required the subsequent relocation of the seminary to the northwest corner of Fifth and Prune Streets to Saint Mary's Rectory on Fourth Street, to the southeast corner of Eighteenth and Race Streets in Philadelphia before moving, in 1871, to its present home in Overbrook. In 1863 Bishop James F. Wood made the first of three purchases of the property that today comprises the campus of Overbrook. In September, 1871, the preparatory college and theology divisions were reunited on the present campus. In December, 1875, the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception was formally dedicated by Archbishop Wood. Subsequent Archbishops of Philadelphia have initiated improvements on the Seminary campus. Archbishop Patrick J. Ryan began the building of the library. Archbishop Edmond Prendergast oversaw the building of a student residence hall. Dennis Cardinal Dougherty sponsored the construction of the college building.
John Cardinal O'Hara added an indoor swimming pool to the physical assets of the Seminary. In 1971, under the leadership of John Cardinal Krol, a residence hall and multi-purpose building dedicated to Saint John Vianney was constructed. In 2005, the Anthony Cardinal Bevilacqua Research Center was established at the Ryan Memorial Library; the building was renovated in the process. The buildings that make up the current Theology Division along with the Ryan Memorial Library stand at the western end of campus; the Seminary College is located at the eastern end. For an eleven-year period the preparatory division of the seminary was located at Glen Riddle in Delaware County; the preparatory program consisted at that time of what is equivalent to today's last two years of high school and four years of college. The high school program was discontinued in 1968. In 1999, an alumnus praised St. Charles for its liturgical conservatism compared to some other US seminaries. After his successor, Cardinal Justin Francis Rigali, was named in 2003, Cardinal Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua, the former Archbishop of Philadelphia, lived here in his retirement.
Pope Francis stayed in St. Charles during his visit to Philadelphia in 2015. Ralph J. Gore: Presbyterian minister, Professor of Theology and former Dean of Erskine Theological Seminary, Army Chaplain Paul McNally: astronomer and former Dean of the Georgetown University School of Medicine Official website Seminary Library
Ashdod is the sixth-largest city and the largest port in Israel accounting for 60% of the country's imported goods. Ashdod is located in the Southern District of the country, on the Mediterranean coast where it is situated between Tel Aviv to the North 32 kilometres away, Ashkelon to the South 20 km away. Jerusalem is 53 km to the east; the city is an important regional industrial center. Modern Ashdod covers the territory of two ancient twin towns, one inland and one on the coast, which were for most of their history two separate entities, connected by close ties with each other; this article deals with these historic towns, including other ancient nearby sites, modern Ashdod. The first documented urban settlement at Ashdod dates to the Canaanite culture of the 17th century BCE, making the city one of the oldest in the world. Ashdod is mentioned 13 times in the Bible. During its pre-1956 history the city was settled by Philistines, Greek colonists coming in the wake of Alexander's conquests and Byzantines, Arabs and Ottoman Turks.
Modern Ashdod was established in 1956 on the sand hills near the site of the ancient town, incorporated as a city in 1968, with a land-area of 60 square kilometres. Being a planned city, expansion followed a main development plan, which facilitated traffic and prevented air pollution in the residential areas, despite population growth. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Ashdod had a population of 222,883 in 2017, with an area of 47,242 dunams. Ashdod today is home to the largest Moroccan Jewish community in Israel, the largest Karaite Jewish community in Israel, the largest Georgian Jewish community in the world. Three stone tools dating from the Neolithic era were discovered, but no other evidence of a Stone Age settlement in Ashdod was found, suggesting that the tools were deposited there in a period; the site of Ashdod in the Bronze Age and Iron Ages was at a tell just south of the modern city. It was excavated by archaeologists in nine seasons between 1962 and 1972; the effort was led during the first few years by David Noel Freedman of the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary and Moshe Dothan.
The remaining seasons were headed by Dothan for the Israel Antiquities Authority. The earliest major habitation in Ashdod dates to the 17th century BCE, when the acropolis of the tell was fortified. Ashdod is first mentioned in written documents from Late Bronze Age Ugarit, which indicate that the city was a center of export for dyed woolen purple fabric and garments. At the end of the 13th century BCE the Sea Peoples destroyed Ashdod. By the beginning of the 12th century BCE, the Philistines thought to have been one of the Sea Peoples, ruled the city. During their reign, the city prospered and was a member of the Philistine Pentapolis, which included Ashkelon and Gaza on the coast and Ekron and Gath farther inland, in addition to Ashdod. In 950 BCE Ashdod was destroyed during Pharaoh Siamun's conquest of the region; the city was not rebuilt until at least 815 BCE. Asdûdu led the revolt of Philistines, Judeans and Moabites against Assyria after expulsion of king Ahimiti, whom Sargon had installed instead of his brother Azuri.
Gath belonged to the kingdom of Ashdod at that time. Assyrian king Sargon II's commander-in-chief, whom the King James Bible calls "Tartan",Isaiah 20:1 regained control of Ashdod in 712/711 BCE and forced the usurper Yamani to flee. Sargon's general destroyed the city and exiled its residents, including some Israelites who were subsequently settled in Media and Elam. Mitinti was king at the time of Sargon's son Sennacherib, Akhimilki in the reign of Sennacherib's son Esarhaddon. Psamtik I of Egypt is reported to have besieged the great city Azotus for twenty-nine years; the city absorbed another blow in 605 BCE. In 539 BCE the city was rebuilt by the Persians. In 332 BCE it was conquered in the wars of Alexander the Great. In the Book of Nehemiah, the Ashdodites seem to represent the whole nation of the Philistines in the sixth century BCE, the speech of Ashdod would be the general Philistine dialect. Hugo Winckler explains the use of that name by the fact that Ashdod was the nearest of the Philistine cities to Jerusalem.
There are Biblical episodes referencing Ashdod but they remain uncorroborated by archaeological finds: Upon Joshua's conquest of the Promised Land, Ashdod was allotted to the Tribe of Judah. In I Samuel 6:17 Ashdod is mentioned among the principal Philistine cities. After capturing the Ark of the covenant from the Israelites, the Philistines took it to Ashdod and placed it in the temple of Dagon; the next morning Dagon was found prostrate before the Ark. The people of Ashdod were smitten with boils. According to the Bible, during the 10th century BCE Ashdod became, along with all the kingdom of Philistia, a patronage area of the Kingdom of Israel under the control of King David; the capture of the city by King Uzziah of Judah shortly after 815 BCE is mentioned within 2 Chronicles and in the Book of Zechariah, speaking of the false Jews. In the Book of Nehemiah, some 5th century BCE residents of Jerusalem are said to h
Overbrook is a neighborhood northwest of West Philadelphia, Philadelphia, in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The area's housing ranges from old homes to rowhouses to 3 - and 4-story apartment buildings; the name Overbrook is used to refer both to a specific neighborhood and a larger area of northwestern West Philadelphia that includes four Philadelphia City Planning Commission neighborhoods: Overbrook, Overbrook Farms, Morris Park and Overbrook Park. These four neighborhoods are united by the close proximity of Overbrook High School, the Overbrook School for the Blind, the Overbrook SEPTA Station, Overbrook Avenue. Depending on the definition of Overbrook Farms, The Overbrook School for the Blind either lies in Morris Park and in Overbrook Farms or in Morris Park. According to the Philadelphia City Planning Commission, the main boundaries for the Overbrook neighborhood are North 63rd Street to the west, Lansdowne Avenue to the south, the SEPTA regional rail tracks to the northeast. A small portion of Woodbine Avenue between North 63rd Street and the SEPTA regional rail tracks bounds Overbrook to the north while a small portion of North 52nd Street between Lansdowne Avenue and the SEPTA regional rail tracks bounds Overbrook to the south.
According to the Commission, the northern boundary of Overbrook Farms is City Avenue. The western boundary is North 66th Street between City Avenue and Woodcrest Avenue and Morris Park between Woodcrest Avenue and Malvern Avenue; the southern border is Malvern Avenue to Wynnewood Road, a small portion of Wynnewood Road, Woodbine Avenue from Wynnewood Road to North 58th Street. The eastern boundary is North 58th Street between Woodbine Avenue and Overbrook Avenue, a small portion of Overbrook Avenue, Cardinal Avenue between Overbrook Avenue and City Avenue. Overbrook Farms borders Saint Joseph's University on its northeast corner. Although the Philadelphia City Planning Commission considers Malvern Avenue to form part of the southern border, the Overbrook Farms Club says, "At present, there are 413 buildings in Overbrook Farms, bounded by 58th and 66th Streets and Woodbine and City Avenues, bisected by Lancaster Avenue". West of the Overbrook neighborhood is Morris Park, which derives its name from the eponymous park on the neighborhood’s western edge.
The eastern boundary of the neighborhood is North 63rd Street. On the north, the boundary is Woodbine Avenue between North 63rd Street and Wynnewood Road, Wynnewood Road between Woodbine Avenue and Malvern Avenue, Malvern Avenue between Wynnewood Road and North 68th Street. On the west, the boundary is North 68th Street and Morris Park between Malvern Avenue and Haverford Avenue, Cobbs Creek Park between Haverford Avenue and North 67th Street, North 67th Street between Callowhill Street and North Gross Street; the southern border is Arch Street at North Gross Street, bordering Cobbs Creek Park at Upper Darby's border. Overbrook Park's boundaries are City Avenue to the north and Morris Park on the west and east. Haverford Avenue connects Overbrook Park to the Morris Park neighborhood while City Avenue connects Overbrook Park to Overbrook Farms. Greater Overbrook is in the Fourth Councilmanic District of Philadelphia, represented by Councilman Curtis Jones, Jr. elected on October 10, 2006 to a first term.
The 19th Police District of the Philadelphia Police Department protects Overbrook. Overbrook developed in various stages between 1900 and 1960; the dominant housing type is the row house, present in a wide variety of styles. Built in the early 20th century when trolley lines were allowing middle-class Philadelphians to move out from more crowded row house communities, Overbrook was a community of choice when it was built. Outside of Overbrook Farms, most of the houses in the Overbrook area date from between 1915 and 1930, when the Great Depression halted new construction nationally and locally. In addition to rowhouses, one can find a sizeable number of twin houses; these semi-detached homes have two or three floors and are over 2,000 square feet in size. Prime examples of typical Overbrook twin houses are along Wynnewood Road from Haverford Avenue to Malvern Avenue, North 64th Street between Lansdowne and Lebanon Avenues, or Nassau Road between North 61st and 63rd Streets. There are few detached single-family homes in Overbrook.
Single homes pre-date the construction of most of Overbrook’s housing or came into existence on select lots after the construction of most of the rowhouses and twin houses. For example, one will see a few single-family homes on Wynnewood Road near Columbia Avenue. A large stone home remains this intersection; this home once sat on acres of land that the owner sold off to developers who constructed twin houses and rowhouses. The vast majority of the single-family, detached homes in the Overbrook area are in the Overbrook Farms neighborhood. Overbrook, while overwhelmingly residential in character, does have several notable landmark buildings and institutions Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School and Church – 63rd and Lancaster, historic grade school where actor Will Smith attended Overbrook Elementary School – 2032 N. 62nd St. listed on the National Register of Historic Places Overbrook High School – 59th and Lancaster, listed on the National Register of Historic Places Cobbs Creek Park – forms southern border of Overbrook section, undergoing restoration in many places Harambee Charter School – 66th and Harlan Streets, Afro-Centric curriculum, opened on site of old Overbrook Italian Club Bocce Courts – Cobbs Creek Park at Vine Street, bocce still played daily by former and current elderly residents Overbrook School for the Blind – Malvern Avenue near 64th, landmark campus sporting Spanish Revival architecture Lewis
Professor is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being an expert in arts or sciences, a teacher of the highest rank. In most systems of academic ranks the word "Professor" only refers to the most senior academic position, sometimes informally known as "full professor". In some countries or institutions, the word professor is used in titles of lower ranks such as associate professor and assistant professor; this colloquial usage would be considered incorrect among most other academic communities. However, the unqualified title Professor designated with a capital letter refers to a full professor in English language usage. Professors conduct original research and teach undergraduate and postgraduate courses in their fields of expertise. In universities with graduate schools, professors may mentor and supervise graduate students conducting research for a thesis or dissertation.
In many universities,'full professors' take on senior managerial roles, leading departments, research teams and institutes, filling roles such as president, principal or vice-chancellor. The role of professor may be more public facing than that of more junior staff, professors are expected to be national or international leaders in their field of expertise; the term "professor" was first used in the late 14th century to mean "one who teaches a branch of knowledge". The word comes "...from Old French professeur and directly from Latin professor'person who professes to be an expert in some art or science. As a title, "prefixed to a name, it dates from 1706"; the "hort form prof is recorded from 1838". The term "professor" is used with a different meaning: "ne professing religion; this canting use of the word comes down from the Elizabethan period, but is obsolete in England." A professor is an accomplished and recognized academic. In most Commonwealth nations, as well as northern Europe, the title professor is the highest academic rank at a university.
In the United States and Canada, the title of professor applies to most post-doctoral academics, so a larger percentage are thus designated. In these areas, professors are scholars with doctorate degrees or equivalent qualifications who teach in four-year colleges and universities. An emeritus professor is a title given to selected retired professors with whom the university wishes to continue to be associated due to their stature and ongoing research. Emeritus professors do not receive a salary, but they are given office or lab space, use of libraries, so on; the term professor is used in the titles assistant professor and associate professor, which are not considered professor-level positions in all European countries. In Australia, the title associate professor is used in place of the term reader as used in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries. Beyond holding the proper academic title, universities in many countries give notable artists and foreign dignitaries the title honorary professor if these persons do not have the academic qualifications necessary for professorship and they do not take up professorial duties.
However, such "professors" do not undertake academic work for the granting institution. In general, the title of professor is used for academic positions rather than for those holding it on honorary basis. Professors are qualified experts in their field who perform some or all the following tasks: Managing teaching and publications in their departments. Other roles of professorial tasks depend on the institution, its legacy, protocols and time. For example, professors at research-oriented universities in North America and at European universities, are promoted on the basis of research achievements and external grant-raising success. Many colleges and universities and other institutions of higher learning throughout the world follow a similar hierarchical ranking structure amongst scholars in academia. A professor earns a base salary and a range of benefits. In addition, a professor who undertakes additional roles in their institution earns additional income; some professors earn additional income by moonlighting in other jobs, such as consulting, publishing academic or popular press books, giving speeches, or coaching executives.
Some fields give professors more opportun
Jeremiah F. Shanahan
Jeremiah Francis Shanahan was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the first Bishop of Pennsylvania. Jeremiah Shanahan was born in Silver Lake, Pennsylvania, to John and Margaret Shanahan, who came to the United States from County Cork, Ireland. After graduating from St. Joseph's Academy near Binghamton, New York in 1852, he entered St. Charles Borromeo Seminary in Overbrook, on the outskirts of Philadelphia, he was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop John Neumann, C. SS. R. on July 3, 1859. He served as curate at the Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul and rector of the preparatory seminary in Glen Riddle. On March 3, 1868, Shanahan was appointed the first Bishop of the newly erected Diocese of Harrisburg by Pope Pius IX, he received his episcopal consecration on the following July 12 from Bishop James Frederick Wood, with Bishops John McGill and Michael Domenec, C. M. serving as co-consecrators, at Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral. Located in South Central Pennsylvania, the new diocese comprised Adams, Columbia, Dauphin, Fulton, Lancaster, Mifflin, Northumberland, Snyder and York counties.
There were 25,000 Catholics, 22 priests, 40 churches and missions, seven parochial schools. Upon arriving in the episcopal see of Harrisburg, Shanahan became pastor of St. Patrick's Church, which he designated as the cathedral, he opened Sylvan Heights Seminary at Harrisburg in October 1883, introduced into the diocese the Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of St. Joseph, Sisters of Christian Charity, Sisters of the Holy Cross, Sisters of Charity, he presided over a period of greath growth, by the time of his death there were 51 priests, 51 churches, 75 chapels and missions, three orphanages, 29 parochial schools, over 35,000 Catholics. Shanahan died in Harrisburg, aged 52, his younger brother John W. Shanahan served as Bishop of Harrisburg
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul (Philadelphia)
The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, head church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia, is located at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, on the east side of Logan Square in Philadelphia. It was built between 1846 and 1864, was designed by Napoleon LeBrun, from original plans by the Reverend Mariano Muller and the Reverend John B. Tornatore, with the dome and Palladian facade, designed by John Notman, added after 1850; the interior was decorated by Constantino Brumidi. The cathedral is the largest Catholic church in Pennsylvania, was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1971; the cathedral has been the site of two papal Masses, one celebrated by Pope John Paul II in 1979, the other by Pope Francis in 2015. The current rector of the cathedral is the Reverend Gerald Dennis Gill and the current Archbishop of Philadelphia is Charles Chaput. On the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, June 29, 1846, Bishop Kenrick Bishop of Philadelphia, issued a pastoral letter announcing his determination to build a cathedral.
Before Saint Peter and Paul was built Philadelphia had two previous Cathedrals. As the Catholic Church grew a new church called Saint Mary's was built in 1763, granted to be Philadelphia's first cathedral in 1810; as the Catholic Church continued to grew Saint John's was made the new cathedral in 1838 when a larger church was needed and it was Saint John's that remained the Cathedral until Bishop Kenrick began work on the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul. It was the bishop's intention to avoid running into debt, so the cathedral was long in building, he chose for the site a plot of ground adjoining the seminary at Race Streets. Construction on the cathedral began shortly thereafter but was not completed until 1864; this was less than 2 years after the Philadelphia Nativist Riots, which represented the height of Anti-Catholicism and Know-Nothingism in Philadelphia and, according to local lore influenced the design of the building. The Cathedral was built with only high clerestory windows that according to parish histories would inhibit vandalism.
In order to protect the windows of the Cathedral Basilica from possible future riots, the builders would throw stones into the air to determine the height of where the windows would be placed. With its grand façade, vaulted dome, ornate main altar, eight side chapels and main sanctuary that comfortably holds 2,000 worshippers, the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul is the largest brownstone structure and one of the most architecturally notable structures in the city of Philadelphia; the cathedral, presented in a Roman-Corinthian style of architecture, is modeled after the Lombard Church of St. Charles in Rome, its Palladian façade and aqua oxidized-copper dome are in the Italian Renaissance manner, as is the spacious interior, which features an oversized apse of stained glass and red antique marble in proportions reminiscent of Roman churches. A baldachin over the main altar and the three altars on each of the side aisles point up this Italian Renaissance flavor. In the bowels of the building is the compact "Crypt of the Bishops".
The basilica was designed by Napoleon LeBrun based on plans drawn up by the Reverend Mariano Muller and the Reverend John B. Tornatore, by John Notman who added the dome and facade. LeBrun supervised the project from 1846 to 1851, when Notman took over until 1857, after which the cathedral was completed under LeBrun's supervision. LeBrun was a native Philadelphian born to French-Catholic parents, he designed numerous churches throughout Philadelphia, including St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Twentieth Street. Other notable buildings he designed include the Philadelphia Academy of Music. Notman is most noted for his Philadelphia ecclesiastical architecture for the Protestant Episcopal Church, including St. Mark's Church, Locust Street, he designed the Athenaeum of Philadelphia and parts of the New Jersey State House. Constantino Brumidi painted the ceiling mural in the dome – The Assumption of the Virgin into Heaven – and the round portraits of St. Matthew, St. Mark, St. Luke and St. John on its pendentives.
Brumidi was a Greek/Italian-American painter, best known for his murals in the United States Capitol in Washington, D. C. the Apotheosis of George Washington in the dome of the rotunda. Architect Henry D. Dagit renovated the cathedral interior, 1914–15, adding the apse behind the High Altar. D'Ascenzo Studios executed mosaic murals; the four bronze statues in niches on the building's main facade – Mary, Jesus, St. Peter and St. Paul – were added in 1915. Under the main altar of the Cathedral is a crypt with the remains of most of the Bishops and Archbishops, of several other clergymen, of Philadelphia; the crypt can be reached by stairs behind the main altar. The crypt is the final resting place of: Michael Francis Egan, O. S. F. First Bishop of Philadelphia, consecrated October 28, 1810, died 1814. Henry Conwell, second Bishop of Philadelphia, consecrated 1820, died April 22, 1842. Francis Patrick Kenrick, third Bishop of Philadelphia, elevated to Archbishop of Baltimore in 1851, died 1863. James Frederick Wood, fifth Bishop and first Archbishop of Philadelphia, died June 20, 1882.
Patrick John Ryan, sixth Bishop and secon