Coriolanus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608. The play is based on the life of the legendary Roman leader Caius Marcius Coriolanus; the tragedy is one of the last two tragedies written by Shakespeare, along with Antony and Cleopatra. Coriolanus is the name given to a Roman general after his more than adequate military success against various uprisings challenging the government of Rome. Following this success, Coriolanus seeks political leadership, his temperament is unsuited for popular leadership and he is deposed, whereupon he aligns himself to set matters straight according to his own will. The alliances he forges along the way result in his ultimate downfall; the play opens in Rome shortly after the expulsion of the Tarquin kings. There are riots in progress; the rioters are angry at Caius Marcius, a brilliant Roman general whom they blame for the loss of their grain. The rioters encounter a patrician named Menenius Agrippa, as well as Caius Marcius himself.
Menenius tries to calm the rioters, while Marcius is contemptuous, says that the plebeians were not worthy of the grain because of their lack of military service. Two of the tribunes of Rome and Sicinius denounce Marcius, he leaves Rome. The commander of the Volscian army, Tullus Aufidius, has fought Marcius on several occasions and considers him a blood enemy; the Roman army is commanded with Marcius as his deputy. While Cominius takes his soldiers to meet Aufidius' army, Marcius leads a rally against the Volscian city of Corioli; the siege of Corioli is unsuccessful, but Marcius is able to force open the gates of the city, the Romans conquer it. Though he is exhausted from the fighting, Marcius marches to join Cominius and fight the other Volscian force. Marcius and Aufidius meet in single combat, which ends only when Aufidius' own soldiers drag him away from the battle. In recognition of his great courage, Cominius gives Caius Marcius the agnomen, or "official nickname", of Coriolanus; when they return to Rome, Coriolanus's mother Volumnia encourages her son to run for consul.
Coriolanus is hesitant to do this. He effortlessly wins the support of the Roman Senate, seems at first to have won over the plebeians as well; however and Sicinius scheme to defeat Coriolanus and whip up another riot in opposition to his becoming consul. Faced with this opposition, Coriolanus flies into a rage and rails against the concept of popular rule, he compares allowing plebeians to have power over the patricians to allowing "crows to peck the eagles". The two tribunes condemn Coriolanus as a traitor for his words, order him to be banished. Coriolanus retorts. After being exiled from Rome, Coriolanus seeks out Aufidius in the Volscian capital of Antium, offers to let Aufidius kill him to spite the country that banished him. Moved by his plight and honoured to fight alongside the great general and his superiors embrace Coriolanus, allow him to lead a new assault on Rome. Rome, in its panic, tries to persuade Coriolanus to halt his crusade for vengeance, but both Cominius and Menenius fail.
Volumnia is sent to meet her son, along with Coriolanus's wife Virgilia and their child, the chaste gentlewoman Valeria. Volumnia succeeds in dissuading her son from destroying Rome, Coriolanus instead concludes a peace treaty between the Volscians and the Romans; when Coriolanus returns to the Volscian capital, organised by Aufidius, kill him for his betrayal. Coriolanus is based on the "Life of Coriolanus" in Thomas North's translation of Plutarch's The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans; the wording of Menenius's speech about the body politic is derived from William Camden's Remaines of a Greater Worke Concerning Britaine, where Pope Adrian IV compares a well-run government to a body in which "all parts performed their functions, only the stomach lay idle and consumed all". Other sources are less certain. Shakespeare might have drawn on Livy's Ab Urbe condita, as translated by Philemon Holland, a digest of Livy by Lucius Annaeus Florus. Machiavelli's Discourses on Livy were available in manuscript translations, could have been used by Shakespeare.
He might have made use of "Plutarch's original source, the Roman Antiquities of Dionysius of Halicarnassus, as well as on his own grammar-school knowledge of Roman custom and law". Most scholars date Coriolanus to the period 1605–10, with 1608–09 being considered the most although the available evidence does not permit great certainty; the earliest date for the play rests on the fact that Menenius's fable of the belly is derived from William Camden's Remaines, published in 1605. The date derives from the fact that several other texts from 1610 or thereabouts seem to allude to Coriolanus, including Ben Jonson's Epicoene, Robert Armin's Phantasma and John Fletcher's The Woman's Prize, or the Tamer Tamed; some scholars note evidence that may narrow down the dating to the period 1607–09. One line may be inspired by George Chapman's translation of the Iliad. References to "the coal of fire upon the ice" and to squabbles over ownership of channels of water could be inspired by Thomas Dekker's description of the freezing of the Thames in 16
Timothy Walter Burton is an American filmmaker, artist and animator. He is known for his dark and eccentric horror and fantasy films such as Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, Dark Shadows, Frankenweenie, he is known for blockbusters such as the adventure comedy Pee-wee's Big Adventure, the superhero films Batman and its first sequel Batman Returns, the sci-fi film Planet of the Apes, the fantasy drama Big Fish, the musical adventure film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, the fantasy film Alice in Wonderland. Burton has worked with Johnny Depp and Danny Elfman, who has composed scores for all but three of the films Burton has directed. Helena Bonham Carter, Burton's former domestic partner, has appeared in many of his films, he wrote and illustrated the poetry book The Melancholy Death of Oyster Boy & Other Stories, published in 1997 by Faber and Faber and a compilation of his drawings and other artwork, entitled The Art of Tim Burton, was released in 2009.
A follow-up to The Art of Tim Burton, entitled The Napkin Art of Tim Burton: Things You Think About in a Bar, containing sketches made by Burton on napkins at bars and restaurants he visits, was released in 2015. Burton was born in 1958, in Burbank, the son of Jean Burton the owner of a cat-themed gift shop, William "Bill" Burton, a former minor league baseball player, working for the Burbank Parks and Recreation Department; as a preteen, Burton would make short films in his backyard on Evergreen Street using crude stop motion animation techniques or shoot them on 8 mm film without sound. Burton attended Providencia Elementary School in Burbank. Burton went to Burbank High School, but he was not a good student, he played on the water polo team at Burbank High. Burton was an introspective person and found pleasure in painting and watching movies, his future work would be influenced by the works of such childhood heroes as Dr. Seuss and Roald Dahl. After graduating from Burbank High School, Burton attended the California Institute of the Arts in Valencia, California, to study character animation.
As a student at CalArts, Burton made the shorts Stalk of King and Octopus. Stalk of the Celery Monster attracted the attention of Walt Disney Productions' animation division, which offered Burton an animator's apprenticeship at the studio, he worked as an animator, storyboard artist, graphic designer, art director and concept artist on films such as The Fox and the Hound and The Black Cauldron. His concept art never made it into the finished films. While at Disney in 1982, Burton made his first short, Vincent, a six-minute black-and-white stop motion film based on a poem written by the filmmaker, depicting a young boy who fantasizes that he is his hero Vincent Price, with Price himself providing narration; the film was produced by Rick Heinrichs, whom Burton had befriended while working in the concept art department at Disney. The film was shown at the Chicago Film Festival and released, alongside the teen drama Tex, for two weeks in one Los Angeles cinema; this was followed by Burton's first live-action production Hansel and Gretel, a Japanese-themed adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale for the Disney Channel, which climaxes in a kung fu fight between Hansel and Gretel and the witch.
Having aired once in 1983 at 10:30 pm on Halloween and promptly shelved, prints of the film are difficult to locate, fueling rumors that the project did not exist. The short would go on public display in 2009 at the Museum of Modern Art, again in 2011 as part of the Tim Burton art exhibit at LACMA, it was again shown at the Seoul Museum of Art in 2012. Burton's next live-action short film, was released in 1984, it tells the story of a young boy. Filmed in black-and-white, it stars Shelley Duvall and Daniel Stern. After Frankenweenie was completed, Disney fired Burton, under the pretext of him spending the company's resources on doing a film that would be too dark and scary for children to see. Actor Paul Reubens saw Vincent and chose Burton to direct the cinematic spin-off of his popular character Pee-wee Herman. Pee-wee Herman gained mainstream popularity with a successful stage show at The Groundlings and the Roxy, turned into an HBO special; the film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure, was made on a budget of $8 million and grossed more than $40 million at the North American box office.
Burton, a fan of the eccentric musical group Oingo Boingo, asked songwriter Danny Elfman to provide the music for the film. Since Elfman has scored every film that Tim Burton has directed, except for Ed Wood, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children. After directing episodes for the revitalized version of'50s/'60s anthology horror series Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, Burton directed his next big project: Beetlejuice, a supernatural comedy horror about a young couple forced to cope with life after death, the family of pretentious yuppies who invade their treasured New England home, their teenage daughter Lydia (Winona Ryder
Skyfall is a 2012 spy film, the twenty-third in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions. The film is the third to star Daniel Craig as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond and features Javier Bardem as Raoul Silva, the villain, it was directed by Sam Mendes and written by Neal Purvis, Robert Wade, John Logan, features the theme song "Skyfall", written and performed by Adele. It was distributed by Columbia Pictures; the story centres on Bond investigating an attack on MI6. The film sees the return of two recurring characters after an absence of two films: Q, played by Ben Whishaw, Moneypenny, played by Naomie Harris. Mendes was approached to direct after the release of Quantum of Solace in 2008. Development was suspended when MGM ran into financial trouble, did not resume until December 2010; the original screenwriter, Peter Morgan, left the project during the suspension. When production resumed, Logan and Wade continued writing what became the final version. Filming began in November 2011 in the United Kingdom, with smaller portions shot in China and Turkey.
Skyfall premiered in London at the Royal Albert Hall on 23 October 2012 and was released in the United Kingdom on 26 October and the United States on 9 November. It was the first James Bond film to be screened in IMAX venues, although it was not filmed with IMAX cameras; the release coincided with the 50th anniversary of the series, which began with Dr. No in 1962. Skyfall was well-received by critics, who praised its screenplay, Mendes' direction, musical score, action sequences, it was the 14th film to gross over $1 billion worldwide, the first James Bond film to do so. It became the seventh-highest-grossing film at the time, the highest-grossing film in the UK, the highest-grossing film in the series, the highest-grossing film worldwide for both Sony Pictures and MGM, the second highest-grossing film of 2012; the film won several accolades, including two Academy Awards, two BAFTA Awards and two Grammy Awards. In Istanbul, MI6 agents James Bond and Eve Moneypenny pursue mercenary Patrice, who has stolen a hard drive containing details of undercover agents.
As Bond and Patrice fight atop a moving train, M orders Moneypenny to shoot Patrice. Bond is presumed Patrice escapes with the hard drive. Three months M is pressured by Gareth Mallory, the chairman of the Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament and a former SAS officer, to retire. MI6's servers are hacked and M receives a taunting computer message moments before the MI6 building explodes. Bond, who used his presumed death to retire, learns of returns to London. Although he fails a series of physical and psychological examinations, M approves his return to the field, ordering him to identify Patrice's employer, recover the stolen hard drive, kill Patrice, he meets MI6's new quartermaster, who gives him a radio beacon and a Walther PPK pistol. In Shanghai, Bond follows Patrice into a skyscraper but is unable to prevent him from killing a target; the two fight. Bond finds a casino token that Patrice intended to cash in for the assassination, which leads him to a casino in Macau. There, Bond is approached by Sévérine, Patrice's accomplice, asks to meet her employer.
She warns him that he is about to be killed by her bodyguards, but promises to help Bond if he will kill her employer. Bond joins Sévérine on her yacht, the Chimera, they travel to an abandoned island off the coast of Macau where they are taken prisoner by the crew and delivered to Sévérine's employer, Raoul Silva. Silva, once an MI6 agent, has now turned to cyberterrorism and orchestrated the attack on MI6. Silva kills Sévérine. At MI6's new underground headquarters, Q attempts to decrypt Silva's laptop, but inadvertently gives it access to the MI6 servers, which allows Silva to escape. Bond deduces that Silva, who has disguised himself as a police officer, wanted to be captured as part of a plan to kill M, whom he resents for disavowing and betraying him to the Chinese government, it is noted that when he tried to kill himself with Cyanide upon capture, his capsule was expired, failing to kill him but doing severe damage to his teeth and jaw. Bond gives chase through the London Underground and, despite a train crash, reaches a public inquiry into M's handling of the stolen hard drive, repels Silva's attack on it, extracts M by car.
Instructing Q and Bill Tanner to leave an electronic trail for Silva to follow, Bond takes M to Skyfall, the Bond family estate in the Scottish Highlands. They meet Skyfall's gamekeeper Kincade, together the trio set up a series of booby traps throughout the house; when Silva's men arrive, Bond, M, Kincade manage to kill most of them, but M is wounded. Silva himself arrives by helicopter with more men and heavy weapons, so Bond sends M and Kincade through a priest hole to a nearby chapel; as the house is destroyed Bond heads toward the chapel. Silva follows Kincade and M to the chapel, he forces his gun into M's hand and presses his temple to hers, begging her to kill them both. Bond arrives and kills Silva by throwing a knife into his back, but M succumbs to her wounds and dies in Bond's arms. Following M's funeral, Moneypenny formally introduces herself to Bond and tells him she is retiring from field work to become secretary for the newly appointed M, who B
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio is an American actor and film producer. He has been nominated for six Academy Awards, four British Academy Film Awards and nine Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning one of each award from them and three Golden Globe Awards from eleven nominations. DiCaprio began his career by appearing in television commercials in the late 1980s, he next had recurring roles in various television series, such as the soap opera Santa Barbara and the sitcom Growing Pains. He debuted in his film career by starring as Josh in Critters 3, he starred in the film adaptation of the memoir This Boy's Life, received acclaim and his first Academy Award nomination for his supporting role in What's Eating Gilbert Grape. He gained public recognition with leading roles in The Basketball Diaries and the romantic drama Romeo + Juliet, he achieved international fame as a star in James Cameron's epic romance Titanic, which became the highest-grossing film of all time to that point. Since 2000, DiCaprio has received critical acclaim for his work in a wide range of film genres.
DiCaprio's subsequent films include The Man in the Iron Mask, the biographical crime drama Catch Me If You Can, the epic historical drama Gangs of New York, which marked his first of many collaborations with director Martin Scorsese. He was acclaimed for his performances in the political war thriller Blood Diamond, the neo-noir crime drama The Departed, the espionage thriller Body of Lies, the drama Revolutionary Road, the psychological thriller Shutter Island, the science fiction thriller Inception, the biographical film J. Edgar, the western Django Unchained, the period drama The Great Gatsby. DiCaprio's portrayals of Howard Hughes in The Aviator and Hugh Glass in The Revenant won him the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, his performance as Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street won him the Golden Globe award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. He won the Academy Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actor for his performance in The Revenant. DiCaprio is the founder of Appian Way Productions.
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio was born on November 1974, in Los Angeles. He is the only child of Irmelin, a legal secretary, George DiCaprio, an underground comix artist and producer and distributor of comic books. DiCaprio's father is of German descent. DiCaprio's maternal grandfather, Wilhelm Indenbirken, was German, his maternal grandmother, Helene Indenbirken, was a Russian-born German citizen. In an interview in Russia, DiCaprio referred to himself as "half-Russian" and said that two of his late grandparents were Russian. DiCaprio's parents met while subsequently moved to Los Angeles, California. DiCaprio was named Leonardo because his pregnant mother was looking at a Leonardo da Vinci painting in the Uffizi museum in Florence, when he first kicked, his parents separated when he was a year old, he lived with his mother. The two lived in several Los Angeles neighborhoods, such as Echo Park and Los Feliz, while his mother worked several jobs. DiCaprio attended Seeds Elementary School and John Marshall High School a few blocks away, after attending the Los Angeles Center for Enriched Studies for four years.
He dropped out of high school following his third year earning his general equivalency diploma. DiCaprio spent part of his childhood in Germany with his maternal grandparents and Helene, he is conversant in Italian. In 1979, DiCaprio was removed, at the age of five, from the set of the children's television series Romper Room for being disruptive, he began his career by appearing in several commercials and educational films, following his older stepbrother Adam Farrar into television commercials, landing an ad at age 14 for Matchbox cars by Mattel, which he considered his first role. Throughout his teens he was seen in commercials for Kraft Foods, Bubble Yum, Apple Jacks, many more. In 1989, he played. In 1990, he started acting on television; this started with a role in the pilot of The Outsiders, one episode of the soap opera Santa Barbara, playing the young Mason Capwell. That same year, DiCaprio got a break on television. A series based on a successful comedy film by the same name, his works that year earned him two nomination at the Young Artist Award in Best Young Actor in a Daytime Series and Best Young Actor Starring in a New Television Series.
DiCaprio was a celebrity contestant on the children's game show Fun House. One of the stunts he performed on the show was going fishing in a small pool of water by catching the fish only with his teeth. In 1991, he played an un-credited role in one episode of Roseanne; that year, DiCaprio's debut film role was in the comedic science fiction horror film Critters 3, in which he played the stepson of an evil landlord, a role that DiCaprio described as "your average, no-depth, standard kid with blond hair." Released in March that year, the movie went direct-to-video. Shortly after, he became a recurring cast member on the successful ABC sitcom Growing Pains, playing Luke Brower, a homeless boy, taken in by the Seaver family. DiCaprio was nominated for the Young Artist Award for Best Young Actor Co-starring in a Television Series. In 1992, alongside Drew Barrymore, Sara Gilbert, Tom Skerritt, an
The Aviator (2004 film)
The Aviator is a 2004 American epic biographical drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by John Logan. It stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Howard Hughes, Cate Blanchett as Katharine Hepburn, Kate Beckinsale as Ava Gardner; the supporting cast features Ian Holm, John C. Reilly, Alec Baldwin, Jude Law as Errol Flynn, Gwen Stefani as Jean Harlow, Kelli Garner as Faith Domergue, Matt Ross, Willem Dafoe, Alan Alda, Edward Herrmann. Based on the 1993 non-fiction book Howard Hughes: The Secret Life by Charles Higham, the film depicts the life of Howard Hughes, an aviation pioneer and director of Hell's Angels; the film portrays his life from 1927–1947 during which time Hughes became a successful film producer and an aviation magnate while growing more unstable due to severe obsessive–compulsive disorder. The Aviator was released in the United States on December 25, 2004; the film grossed $214 million at the box office. It was nominated for eleven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best Actor in a Leading Role for DiCaprio, Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Alda, winning five: Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Costume Design, Best Art Direction, Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Cate Blanchett.
In 1913 Houston, as eight-year-old Howard Hughes' mother gives him a bath and teaches him how to spell "quarantine," she warns him about the recent cholera outbreak in Houston: "You are not safe." Fourteen years he begins to direct his film Hell's Angels, hires Noah Dietrich to manage the day-to-day operations of his business empire. After the release of The Jazz Singer, the first talking film, Hughes becomes obsessed with shooting his film realistically, decides to convert the movie to a sound film. Despite the film being a hit, Hughes remains unsatisfied with the end result and orders the film to be recut after its Hollywood premiere, he becomes romantically involved with actress Katharine Hepburn, who helps to ease the symptoms of his worsening obsessive-compulsive disorder. In 1935, Hughes test flies the H-1 Racer, pushing it to a new speed record, despite having to crash land into a beet field when the aircraft runs out of fuel. Three years he breaks the world record by flying around the world in four days.
He subsequently purchases majority interest in Western Air. Juan Trippe, company rival and chairman of Pan American World Airways, gets his crony, Senator Owen Brewster, to introduce the Community Airline Bill, which would give Pan Am exclusivity on international air travel. Hepburn grows tired of Hughes' eccentricity, leaves him for fellow actor Spencer Tracy. Hughes finds a new love interest with 15-year-old Faith Domergue, actress Ava Gardner. However, he still has feelings for Hepburn, bribes a reporter to keep reports about her and the married Tracy out of the press. In the mid 1940s, Hughes contracts two projects with the Army Air Forces for: a spy aircraft and a troop transport unit for use in World War II. In 1947, with the H-4 Hercules flying boat still in construction, Hughes finishes the XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft and takes it for a test flight. However, after an hour and forty-five minutes, one of the engines fails midflight, the aircraft crashes in Beverly Hills, with Hughes getting injured.
With the war being over for two years, the army cancels its order for the H-4 Hercules, although Hughes still continues the development with his own money. When he is discharged, he is informed that he must choose between funding the airlines or his "flying boat". Hughes orders Dietrich to mortgage the TWA assets; as his OCD worsens, Hughes becomes paranoid, planting microphones and tapping Gardner's phone lines to keep track of her, who kicks him out of her house. The FBI searches his home for incriminating evidence of war profiteering, searching his possessions and, to his horror, tracking dirt through his house. Senator Brewster offers to drop the charges if Hughes sells TWA to Trippe, but Hughes refuses. Hughes' OCD symptoms become extreme, he retreats into an isolated "germ-free zone" for three months. Trippe has Brewster summon him for a Senate investigation, certain. Gardner visits him and grooms and dresses him in preparation for the hearing, he asks her to marry him, she just laughs and says that he is "too crazy" for her.
An invigorated Hughes defends himself against Brewster's charges and accuses the senator of taking bribes from Trippe. Hughes concludes by announcing that he has committed to completing the H-4 aircraft, that he will leave the country if he cannot get it to fly. Brewster's bill is promptly defeated. After flying the aircraft, Hughes speaks with Dietrich and his engineer, Glenn Odekirk, about a new jetliner for TWA. However, the sight of men in germ-resistant suits causes Hughes to have a panic attack; as Odekirk hides him in a restroom while Dietrich fetches a doctor, Hughes begins to have flashbacks of his childhood, his love for aviation, his ambition for success, repeating the phrase, "the way of the future". Warren Beatty planned to star in a Hughes biopic in the early 1970s, he co-wrote the script with Bo Goldman after a proposed collaboration with Paul Schrader fell through. Goldman wrote his own script and Howard, which depicted Hughes' possible relationship with Melvin Dummar. Beatty's thoughts returned to the project over the years, in 1990 he approached Steven Spielberg to direct Goldman's script.
Beatty's Hughes biopic was released under the title Rules Don't Apply in 2016. Charles Evans, Jr. purchased the film rights of Howard Hughes: The Untold Story (ISBN 0-5
The Booth Theatre is a Broadway theatre located at 222 West 45th Street in midtown-Manhattan, New York City. Architect Henry B. Herts designed the Booth and its companion Shubert Theatre as a back-to-back pair sharing a Venetian Renaissance-style façade. Named in honor of famed 19th-century American actor Edwin Booth, brother of John Wilkes Booth, the theater's 783-seat auditorium was intended to provide an intimate setting for dramatic and comedic plays, it opened on October 16, 1913, with Arnold Bennett's play "The Great Adventure." The venue was the second New York City theatre to bear this name. The first, Booth's Theatre, was owned by Edwin Booth, built by the architectural partnership Renwick & Sands between 1867-69 on the corner of 23rd Street and 6th Avenue; the Booth Theatre appeared in The West Wing episode Posse Comitatus as venue for a fictitious charity performance of War of the Roses which President Jed Bartlet attended during the assassination of the Qumari Defence Minister Abdul ibn Shareef.
The box-office record was broken in 2013 by Bette Midler in I'll Eat You Last: A Chat with Sue Mengers with a gross of $753,217 in just seven performances. Midler broke her own record the week following with a gross of $865,144; the revival of The Elephant Man, starring Bradley Cooper, topped Midler's record by grossing $1,058,547 for an eight-performance week ending December 28, 2014. 1915: Our American Cousin 1936: You Can't Take It With You 1946: Swan Song 1969: Butterflies Are Free 1972: That Championship Season 1976: for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf 1979: The Elephant Man 1984: Sunday in the Park with George 1990: Once on This Island 1992: The Most Happy Fella 2000: The Search for Intelligent Life in the Universe 2002: I'm Not Rappaport 2005: The Pillowman 2009: Next to Normal 2011: High'm, Other Desert Cities 2012: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? 2013: I'll Eat You Last: A Chat with Sue Mengers. Booth Theatre | PlaybillVault.com
The Donmar Warehouse is a 251-seat, not-for-profit theatre in Covent Garden, England. It first opened on 18 July 1977. Sam Mendes, Michael Grandage and now Josie Rourke have all served as artistic director; the theatre has a diverse artistic policy that includes new writing, contemporary reappraisals of European classics and American drama and small-scale musical theatre. As well as presenting at least six productions a year at its home in Covent Garden, every year the Donmar tours one in-house production in the UK. Theatrical producer Donald Albery formed Donmar Productions around 1953, with the name derived from the first three letters of his name and the first three letters of his wife's middle name, Margaret. In 1961, he bought the warehouse, a building that in the 1870s had been a vat room and hops warehouse for the local brewery in Covent Garden, in the 1920s had been used as a film studio and the Covent Garden Market banana-ripening depot, his son Ian Albery, a producer and theatre design consultant, converted the warehouse into a private rehearsal studio.
In 1977, the Royal Shakespeare Company acquired it as a theatre and renamed it the Warehouse and equipping at "immense speed". The first show, which opened on 18 July 1977, was Schweik in the Second World War, directed by Howard Davies, which transferred from the Other Place in Stratford; the electricity for the theatre was turned on just 30 minutes before curtain up, the concrete steps up to the theatre were still wet. The Warehouse was an RSC workshop as much as a showcase and the seasons were remarkably innovative, including Trevor Nunn's acclaimed Stratford 1976 Macbeth, starring Judi Dench and Ian McKellen, which opened at the Covent Garden venue in September 1977 before transferring to the Young Vic; the RSC went on to stage numerous acclaimed productions, both original and transfers from The Other Place, Stratford. In 1980 nearly all the RSC company were involved in Nicholas Nickleby so a new two hander was found from the pile of submitted scripts. Educating Rita, with Julie Walters and Mark Kingston directed by Mike Ockrent, went on to be one of the RSC's biggest successes.
From 1983 to 1989 it came under the artistic directorship of Nica Burns. In 1990, Roger Wingate was responsible for the acquisition of the Donmar Warehouse, he rebuilt and re-equipped it in the form it is known today. Prior to its reopening in 1992, Roger Wingate appointed Sam Mendes as the theatre’s first Artistic Director; as a board member and theatrical producer, Roger Wingate remains involved with the Donmar to the present day. The Donmar became an independent producing house in 1992 with Sam Mendes as artistic director, his opening production was Stephen Sondheim's Assassins. He followed this with a series of classic revivals. Among Mendes' productions were John Kander and Fred Ebb's Cabaret, Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie, Stephen Sondheim's Company, Alan Bennett's Habeas Corpus and his farewell duo of Chekhov's Uncle Vanya and Twelfth Night, which transferred to the Brooklyn Academy of Music. Under Mendes, Matthew Warchus's production of Sam Shepard's True West, Katie Mitchell's of Beckett's Endgame, David Leveaux's of Sophocles's Elektra and Tom Stoppard's The Real Thing were all productions at Donmar.
Mendes' successor Michael Grandage directed some of the key productions of the part of Mendes' tenure, including Peter Nichols's Passion Play and Privates on Parade and Sondheim's Merrily We Roll Along. In 2002 Michael Grandage succeeded Sam Mendes as Artistic Director. Grandage appointed Jamie Lloyd as Associate Directors. For its revivals of foreign plays, the company commissioned new translations or versions, including Ibsen's The Wild Duck, Racine's Phaedra, Dario Fo's Accidental Death of An Anarchist and Strindberg's Creditors, its musical productions included Grand Hotel and the Stephen Sondheim works, Pacific Overtures, Merrily We Roll Along, Into the Woods and the 1992 production of Assassins that opened Sam Mendes' tenure as Artistic Director. Under the umbrella of Warehouse Productions, the theatre sometimes opened shows in the West End. Including 1999's Suddenly Last Summer and 2005's Guys and Dolls. Many well-known actors have appeared at the theatre, including Nicole Kidman, Gwyneth Paltrow, Ian McKellen and Ewan McGregor.
With only 250 seats, the tickets for Othello starring McGregor were in such demand that Grandage feared it could become "a bad news story". His response was to plan a one-year season at the 750-seat Wyndham's Theatre, four major new productions presented by Donmar West End, it commenced on 12 September 2008, with Kenneth Branagh in the title role of Chekhov's Ivanov, given in a new version by Tom Stoppard and directed by Grandage. The West End season continued with Derek Jacobi in Twelfth Night, Judi Dench in Yukio Mishima's Madame de Sade and Jude Law in Hamlet, all directed by Grandage. Following the Donmar West End season, the Donmar held three productions internationally: transfers of Red and Creditors, to Broadway and the Brooklyn Academy of Music respectively. Furthermore, from 30 September through December, the Donmar had the first of three year resident spots at Trafalgar Studios 2, in order to showcase its past Resident Assistant Directors. In late 2010, the Donmar led the UK celebrations to mark Stephen Sondheim's 80th birthday to recognise his long association with the theatre.
It included a new production of Passion directed by Jamie Lloyd. In February 2011, the Donmar collaborated with the National Theatre Live programme to broadcast its production of King Lear, starring Derek Jacobi, to cinemas around the world. With over 350 screens i