69th United States Congress
The Sixty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1925, to March 4, 1927, during the third and fourth years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. A special session of the Senate was called by President Coolidge on February 14, 1925. Impeachment of Judge George W. English — On April 1, 1926, the House of Representatives impeached Judge George W. English of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois. Both Houses adjourned on July 3, 1926, with the Senate scheduled to reconvene on November 10, 1926, as a Court of Impeachment. English resigned; the Senate met as planned on November 1926, to adjourn the court of impeachment sine die.
On December 13, 1926, the Senate, acting on advice from the House managers of the impeachment, formally dismissed all charges against Judge English. January 17, 1927: U. S. Supreme Court held that Congress has the power to compel testimony. February 26, 1926: Revenue Act of 1926 April 12, 1926: Timber Exportation Act of 1926 May 8, 1926: Federal Interpleader Act of 1926 May 20, 1926: Air Commerce Act May 20, 1926: Federal Black Bass Act of 1926 May 20, 1926: Railway Labor Act May 25, 1926: Omnibus Adjustment Act of 1926 May 25, 1926: Public Buildings Act of 1926 May 26, 1926: Shenandoah National Park Act of 1926 June 3, 1926: Subsistence Expense Act of 1926 June 14, 1926: Recreation and Public Purposes Act June 15, 1926: Limitation of National Forest Designation Act July 2, 1926: Cooperative Marketing Act July 3, 1926: Walsh Act July 3, 1926: Passport Act of 1926 January 21, 1927: River and Harbors Act of 1927 February 23, 1927: Radio Act of 1927 February 25, 1927: McFadden Act March 3, 1927: Foreign and Domestic Commerce Act of 1927 March 3, 1927: Produce Agency Act of 1927 March 4, 1927: Mayfield-Newton Act The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated.
Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. American Labor: 1 Democratic: 183 Farmer-Labor: 3 Republican: 247 Socialist: 1TOTAL members: 435 President: Charles G. Dawes President pro tempore: Albert B. Cummins, elected March 4, 1925 George H. Moses, elected March 6, 1925 Majority Leader: Charles Curtis Majority Whip: Wesley L. Jones Republican Conference Secretary: James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. Minority Leader: Joseph T. Robinson Minority Whip: Peter G. Gerry Democratic Caucus Secretary: William H. King Speaker: Nicholas Longworth Majority Leader: John Q. Tilson Majority Whip: Albert H. Vestal Republican Conference Chair: Willis C. Hawley Minority Leader: Finis J. Garrett Minority Whip: William Allan Oldfield Democratic Caucus Chairman: Charles D. Carter This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives by district. Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.
Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1928; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Replacements: 9 Democratic: no net change Republican: no net change deaths: 7 resignations: 0 contested election: 1 interim appointments: 2 Total seats with changes: 10 replacements: 9 Democratic: 1 seat net loss Republican: 1 seat net gain deaths: 9 resignations: 2 Total seats with changes: 12 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Agriculture and Forestry Alien Property Custodian's Office Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Banking and Currency Civil Service Claims Commerce District of Columbia Education and Labor Enrolled Bills Expenditures in Executive Departments Finance Foreign Relations Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Internal Revenue Bureau Interoceanic Canals Interstate Commerce Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Naval Affairs Patents Pensions Post Office and Post Roads Printing Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Lands and Surveys Revision of the Laws Rules Senatorial Elections Tariff Commission Territories and Insular Possessions War Finance Corporation Loans Whole Accounts Agriculture Alcoholic Liquor Traffic Appropriations Banking and Currency Census Civil Se
Edward W. Stanly was a North Carolina politician and orator who represented the southeastern portion of the state in the United States House of Representatives for five terms. In 1857, Stanly ran for Governor of California, but lost to John B. Weller. Politicians of the mid-nineteenth century remarked that Stanly bore a strong physical resemblance to William H. Seward, though this resemblance lessened over time. Stanly was born in New Bern, North Carolina, on January 10, 1810, he was a son of U. S. Rep. John Stanly of New Bern and a cousin of U. S. Senator George Edmund Badger. Stanly attended New Bern Academy and graduated from the American Literary and Military Academy, Norwich University in 1829, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1832. He began to practice law. Four years he ran for a seat in the United States House of Representatives on the Whig ticket, he served in the Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh congresses from March 4, 1837 to March 3, 1843. Stanly earned his reputation as North Carolina's greatest orator of his generation during his first term in Congress.
Throughout his service in Congress, Stanly was a leader of the Southerners who emphasized the Union over states' rights. He won the nickname the'Conqueror' during his re-election campaign of 1839. After an unsuccessful bid for re-election in 1843 due to unfavorable redistricting, Stanly returned to North Carolina, where he served as a member of the House of Commons from 1844 to 1846 and again in 1848, he was speaker of the State House from 1844 to 1846, his impartial presiding was hailed by Commoners of both parties as returning dignity to the chamber in the place of the former political rancor. Stanly served as attorney general of North Carolina in 1847-1848. In 1849, Stanly was again elected to the U. S. House, serving two terms from March 4, 1849 to March 3, 1853, he declined to run for a sixth term in the elections of 1853 and instead moved to California and practiced law in San Francisco. He was the Republican Party’s unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1857. Abraham Lincoln appointed Stanly military governor of eastern North Carolina with the rank of brigadier general on May 26, 1862.
Stanly resigned this office less than a year on March 2, 1863, in a dispute with President Lincoln over the Emancipation Proclamation. He resumed his law practice, he died in San Francisco on July 12, 1872. He is buried in the Stanly family plot at Mountain View Cemetery in California. On May 11, 1859, in San Francisco, Stanly married Cornelia Baldwin, the sister of Joseph G. Baldwin, a Virginia-born attorney who served on the California Supreme Court, she died April 1903, in San Francisco. Stanly had a colorful nephew who fought on the Confederate side during the Civil War, Brigadier General Lewis Armistead. Armistead led the Boys in Grey at Pickett’s Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg. Stanly and Armistead were born in the same house in North Carolina; the home stands today, a pilgrimage stop for both the Grey. United States Congress. "Edward Stanly". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. NCpedia Norman D. Brown, "Edward Stanly: First Republican Candidate for Governor of California," California Historical Society Quarterly, vol.
47, no. 3, pp. 251–272. In JSTOR Norman D. Brown, Edward Stanly: Whiggery's Tarheel'Conqueror.' Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1974. Works by or about Edward Stanly at Internet Archive
Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district
Pennsylvania elected its United States representatives at-large on a general ticket for the first and third United States Congresses. General ticket representation was prohibited by the 1842 Apportionment Bill and subsequent legislation, most in 1967; some representatives, including Galusha A. Grow, served at-large after 1842; this was allowed because Pennsylvania had received an increase in the number of its representatives yet its legislature didn't pass an apportionment bill during those years. Representatives were elected statewide at-large on a general ticket. After 1795, most representatives were elected in districts. At-large representatives were elected. No at-large representatives were apportioned after the 78th Congress. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
For other men with the same name, see: William Drayton. William Drayton was an American politician and writer who grew up in Charleston, South Carolina, he was the son of Sr. who served as justice of the Province of East Florida. Drayton served as a United States Representative to Congress. Following the Nullification Crisis, as a unionist Drayton decided to move his family to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1833, he lived there the rest of his life. He was appointed as president of the Second Bank of the United States; the son of William Drayton, Sr. and his wife, William was born in St. Augustine, where his father served from 1765 to 1780 as the chief justice for the Province of East Florida. In 1780 the judge lost his position due to accusations of sympathy with rebels in the American Revolutionary War, he had bought property and plantations in Florida, including what became called Drayton Island. The Drayton sons were sent to England to complete their educations. Afterward, with his older brother Jacob, William studied law in Charleston.
Both became lawyers. About 1804 William Drayton married a cousin once removed, they had four children: Emma Gadsden Thomas Fenwick, became a Confederate Army general Percival, became a career US Naval officer William Sidney, became a US Naval officer and shipping businessmanAfter Anna's death, in 1817 Drayton married Maria Heyward. Two of their five children survived to adulthood. Maria Heyward Drayton was close to her young stepchildren.: William Heyward, became a lawyer in Philadelphia. Henry Edward, became a doctor in Philadelphia; the two younger Drayton brothers married Sarah Coleman, respectively. Thomas Drayton, a West Point graduate, stayed in South Carolina when the family moved north and bought a plantation at Hilton Head, he resigned from the US Army to join Confederate forces after secession. He and his brother Percival "commanded opposing forces" in the battle of Port Royal, South Carolina, when Union forces captured the forts. William Drayton served in the War of 1812. In a November 12, 1816 letter to president-elect James Monroe, Andrew Jackson recommended, that Drayton, a Federalist who had shown loyalty to the Madison administration and the union through his military service, be appointed Secretary of War to heal the breach between the Federalist Party, now moribund on the national level, the Republicans.
Colonel Drayton was elected in 1824 to represent South Carolina's first district in the U. S. Congress, served from 1825 to 1833 with repeated re-election. A unionist during the nullification controversy, in 1833 he moved his family to Philadelphia. While a unionist, Drayton continued to support slavery. In Philadelphia he wrote and published The South Vindicated from the Treason and Fanaticism of the Abolitionists, a pro-slavery tract. Drayton was appointed as president of the Second Bank of the United States, his papers are held by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. The author Edgar Allan Poe dedicated his collection Tales of the Arabesque to him. Biographic sketch at U. S. Congress website Drayton Family Papers, including correspondence from 1783–1896, Historical Society of Pennsylvania William Drayton at Find a Grave
Cave Johnson was for fourteen years a Democratic U. S. Congressman from Tennessee. Johnson was born on January 11, 1793, he acted as one of the campaign managers for presidential candidate James K. Polk at both the Democratic party convention and for the general election. After his victory Polk appointed him United States Postmaster General, a post in which he served from 1845–1849, he was born in Robertson County and died in Clarksville, Tennessee. During his tenure as United States Postmaster General he shifted the department from a collect on delivery postage delivery system to a prepaid postal delivery system by introducing the postage stamp in 1847, he is credited with introducing street corner mail boxes in urban areas. He served as president of the Bank of Tennessee from 1854 to 1860. Johnson died on November 23, 1866. United States Congress. "Cave Johnson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Cave Johnson at Find a Grave
Joseph McLaughlin (Pennsylvania politician)
Joseph McLaughlin was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Joseph McLaughlin was born in Burt, County Donegal, Ireland on June 9, 1867, he immigrated to the United States and settled in Philadelphia in 1889. He was employed as a mechanic in the Baldwin Locomotive Works and became shop superintendent of his department. McLaughlin was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fifth Congress; as a saloon keeper he voted against Prohibition while a member of the House. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1918, he was elected to the Sixty-seventh Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1922, he died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on November 21, 1926. Interment in Holy Cross Cemetery, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. United States Congress. "Joseph McLaughlin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Mahlon Morris Garland
Mahlon Morris Garland was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Garland was born in Pennsylvania, he moved with his parents to Pennsylvania. He learned the trade of puddling and heating, joined the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Tin Workers, became president for the organization, he was a member of the select council of Pittsburgh in 1886 and 1887. He was appointed by President William McKinley as the United States Collector of Customs at Pittsburgh in 1898, he was reappointed by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1902 and 1906 and by President William Taft in 1910, serving until March 3, 1915. He served as vice president of the American Federation of Labor, as member of the Pittsburgh School Board, as a member of the borough council of Edgewood, Pennsylvania. Garland was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, Sixty-sixth Congresses and served until his death, he served as Chairman of the United States House Committee on Mines and Mining during the Sixty-sixth Congress.
He had been reelected to the Sixty-seventh Congress, but died in Washington, D. C. before the session began. Interment in Woodlawn Cemetery in Pittsburgh. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Mahlon M. Garland". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard Mahlon M. Garland, late a representative from Pennsylvania, Memorial addresses delivered in the House of Representatives and Senate frontispiece 1922