Pollock Halls of Residence
Pollock Halls of Residence is the main halls of residence for the University of Edinburgh, located at the foot of Arthur's Seat in Edinburgh, Scotland. They are located on the edge of Holyrood Park, 1 1⁄4 miles southeast of the centre of Edinburgh; the two original buildings on site were St Leonard's Hall and Salisbury Green, which were built in the 19th century. Shortly after World War II, Sir Donald Pollock gifted the site to the University of Edinburgh and Pollock Halls of Residence came into being. In the 1960s, a programme was begun to build more modern halls; the first of these was Holland House, designed by Sir William Kininmonth. In the early 1990s, Holland House and Fraser House began to be run together, are known these days as Holland House. In the 1960s six system-built tower blocks were added, named in honour of former University Principals: Baird, Lee, Turner and Grant. At the same time, a Refectory block was opened; this was named the John McIntyre Centre after the first Senior Warden of the complex, who acted for a time as a Principal of the University.
The largest house, Cowan House, was opened in 1973 replacing a hall of the same name, demolished to make way for the regeneration of George Square. It was demolished in 2001 along with Brewster House, they were demolished to make way for Chancellor's Court, which opened in 2003 and is now the largest on the site. A further hall, Masson House, was added in the early 1990s; the original Masson had been next to Cowan in George Square, but this was replaced by a Victorian house on South Lauder Road, extended for the purpose in 1966, sold. In 2001 and 2002, Cowan House and Brewster House were demolished to make way for the new Chancellors Court development, which opened in 2003 and is now the largest on the site; these days, the complex houses around 1900 students on full board. Pollock Halls of Residence are available to members of the public on a bed and breakfast basis during the vacation periods of the University of Edinburgh; the Houses in Pollock Halls are: Baird House is a four-storey tower block, built in the 1960s.
It houses one warden. Named after George Husband Baird, Principal of the University from 1793 to 1840. Chancellor's Court was built on the land occupied by Cowan House and Brewster House, it was built by Balfour Beatty. Its construction began in 2001 when Cowan House was demolished, with the first phase opening in 2003; the final phase of the development was completed in 2004. Chancellor's Court has three Wardens flats. Several protests were held during construction, against construction company Balfour Beatty, who were at the time involved in the controversial Ilisu dam project. One of the protests was led by Mark Thomas, who helped the Edinburgh University People and Planet group organise a'sit in' where students blocked the entrance to the building site. After these and other protests, Balfour Beatty withdrew their support for the Ilisu dam project. Chancellor's Court is named after the former Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, the Duke of Edinburgh. Ewing House is a five-storey tower block, built in the 1960s.
It has 157 rooms. It was named after Sir Alfred James Ewing, Principal of the University of Edinburgh from 1916 to 1929. Former British prime minister Gordon Brown is an alumnus of the house. Grant House is one of the Halls in Pollock Halls of Residence in the University of Edinburgh, it is a six-storey tower block, opened in 1967, has been used as a student hall of residence continually since. These days it houses 195 students in single study bedrooms, it contains two flats for the live-in Wardens. It was named after Sir Alexander Grant, principal of the University from 1868 to 1885. Famous people to have lived in Grant House include Scottish Rugby captain Gregor Townsend.'Holland House was opened in 1959, followed shortly after by its sister house, Fraser House. In the early 1990s, Holland House and Fraser House were merged, are today run as one single house called Holland House, with four blocks. There is a small annexe which contains two self-catering flats used by postgraduates and mature students.
Holland House was named after Sir Thomas Henry Holland, Principal of the University from 1929 to 1944. Lee House is a five-storey tower block, built in the 1960s, it was named after Sir John Lee, Principal of the University from 1840 to 1859. Masson House is a modern four-storey hall of residence, which holds 133 people in single en-suite double-bedded rooms and was built in the 1990s. Masson House is not used for student accommodation but is instead used year-round as a hotel, despite a shortage in student accommodation and heavy criticism from the student body and the University's Rector, Peter McColl, it is named after Prof David Masson. Turner House is a five-storey tower block, built in the 1960s, it was named after Sir William Turner, Principal of the University from 1903 to 1916. It can hold up to 203 residents, with the majority of rooms being single study rooms, with shared toilets and showers, 2 double sized rooms on the 1st and 5th floor for house wardens. Having been completed in July 2009, John Burnett House is the newest hall of residence in the Pollock site, named after Sir John Burnett, former principal of the University of Edinburgh.
Brewster House was a four-storey tower block, built in the
Inishail is an island and former parish, in Loch Awe, Scotland. The island lies at the north end of the loch in the council area of Argyll and Bute, between Cladich and Kilchurn. Among the group of islets near the head of Loch Awe, Inishail is conspicuous by its grassy surface, giving it the nickname "Green Isle", as the others being more densely wooded, it is situated between the Pass of Brander at the one side of the loch, the village of Cladich on the other. The parish is now part of the parish of Glen Inishail. On a slight eminence are the fragments of the walls of a small building, enclosing a space choked up with stones and a growth of nettles and other weeds; this was the Chapel of St Fyndoca, the remains of an ancient small convent or nunnery, though there is some dispute about its existence. The convent was said to be occupied by Cistercian nuns, the property belonging to it was erected after the Protestant Reformation into a temporal lordship in favour of Hay, Abbot of Inchaffray, but became a Protestant.
A burying ground has several ancient, carved tombstones, with sculptures and devices appropriate to ecclesiastics, knights, a peer. Some grave slabs, those having figures of armed warriors and emblematical devices, may have been taken to the burial ground of Glenorchy Parish Church in Dalmally. While the principal burial place of the Dukes and Duchesses of Argyll is St Munn's Parish Church, the 11th and the 12th Dukes chose to be buried on the island of Inishail in Loch Awe. ·
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
The London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford Gazette; this claim is made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively. In turn, The London Gazette carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but those relating to entities or people in England and Wales.
However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are required to be published in The London Gazette. The London and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, they are subject to Crown copyright. The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published: Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other DeclarationsHer Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, these are available online; the official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML and XML/RDFa via Atom feed. The London Gazette was first published as The Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion; the Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette being published on 5 February 1666; the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.
In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches; when members of the armed forces are promoted, these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" sometimes meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822: Notices of engagement and marriage were formerly published in the Gazette. Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions. History of British newspapers Iris Oifigiúil The Dublin Gazette – in Ireland London Gazette index Official Journal of the European Union List of government gazettes London and Belfast Gazettes official site Great Fire of London 1666 – Facsimile and transcript of London Gazette report
Divinity (academic discipline)
Divinity is the study of Christian and other theology and ministry at a school, divinity school, university, or seminary. The term is sometimes a synonym for theology as an academic, speculative pursuit, sometimes is used for the study of applied theology and ministry to make a distinction between that and academic theology, it most refers to Christian study, linked with the professional degrees for ordained ministry or related work, though it is used in an academic setting by other faith traditions. Divinity can be divided into several related disciplines; these vary, sometimes from church to church and from one faith tradition to another, among various programs within a particular church. A typical program will include many of the following: Systematic theology Dogmatic theology Moral theology or Christian ethics Natural theology Sacramental theology Liturgics Homiletics Sacred music Pastoral theology Pastoral counseling Religious education techniques Biblical studies or Sacred Scripture Biblical Hebrew New Testament Greek Latin Old Church Slavonic Canon law Church history Ecclesiology Studying divinity leads to the awarding of an academic degree or a professional degree.
Such degrees in modern times the Master of Divinity, are prerequisites for ordained ministry in most Christian denominations and many other faith communities. The exception to this is all "plain" churches such as the Amish, Old German Baptist Brethren, Old Order Mennonite, Dunkard Brethren, many others. In fact, such churches hold to the belief that seminaries are an institution of man and not supported by Holy Scripture. Students earn such degrees at a free-standing seminary, theologate or divinity school, or at a university; the following is a list of most of the common degrees in divinity: Bachelor of Arts in Theology Bachelor of Canon Law Bachelor of Divinity Bachelor of Hebrew Letters Bachelor of Ministry Bachelor of Religious Education Bachelor of Sacred Literature Bachelor of Sacred Music Bachelor of Sacred Scripture Bachelor of Sacred Theology Bachelor of the History and Cultural Patrimony of the Church Bachelor of Theology Lector of Sacred Scripture Lector of Sacred Scripture Licentiate of Canon Law Licentiate of Sacred Music Licentiate of Sacred Scripture Licentiate of Sacred Theology Licentiate of the Cultural Patrimony of the Church Licentiate of the History of the Church Licentiate of Theology Master of Arts in Theology Master of Arts in Hebrew Letters Master of the Cultural Patrimony of the Church Master of Divinity Master of Hebrew Letters Master of Ministry Master of Philosophy with a specialization in Theology Master of Rabbinic Studies Master of Religious Arts Master of Religious Education Master of Sacred Literature Master of Sacred Music Master of Sacred Theology Master of Theological Studies Master of Theology Master of Worship Studies Doctor of both laws Doctor of Canon Law Doctor of the Cultural Patrimony of the Church Doctor of Divinity Doctor of the History of the Church Doctor of Ministry Doctor of Missiology Doctor of Philosophy in Theology Doctor of Practical Theology Doctor of Sacred Literature Doctor of Sacred Music Doctor of Sacred Scripture Doctor of Sacred Theology Doctor of Theology Doctor of Worship Studies Doctorate Licentiate History Curriculum at the Gregorian University Postdoctoral research
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Royal Society of Edinburgh
The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters. It is a registered charity, operating on a wholly independent and non-party-political basis and providing public benefit throughout Scotland, it was established in 1783. As of 2017, it has more than 1,660 Fellows; the Society covers a broader selection of fields than the Royal Society of London including literature and history. Fellowship includes people from a wide range of disciplines – science & technology, humanities, social science and public service. At the start of the 18th century, Edinburgh's intellectual climate fostered many clubs and societies. Though there were several that treated the arts and medicine, the most prestigious was the Society for the Improvement of Medical Knowledge referred to as the Medical Society of Edinburgh, co-founded by the mathematician Colin Maclaurin in 1731. Maclaurin was unhappy with the specialist nature of the Medical Society, in 1737 a new, broader society, the Edinburgh Society for Improving Arts and Sciences and Natural Knowledge was split from the specialist medical organisation, which went on to become the Royal Medical Society.
The cumbersome name was changed the following year to the Edinburgh Philosophical Society. With the help of University of Edinburgh professors like Joseph Black, William Cullen and John Walker, this society transformed itself into the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1783 and in 1788 it issued the first volume of its new journal Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh; as the end of the century drew near, the younger members such as Sir James Hall embraced Lavoisier's new nomenclature and the members split over the practical and theoretical objectives of the society. This resulted in the founding of the Wernerian Society, a parallel organisation that focused more upon natural history and scientific research that could be used to improve Scotland's weak agricultural and industrial base. Under the leadership of Prof. Robert Jameson, the Wernerians first founded Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society and the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, thereby diverting the output of the Royal Society's Transactions.
Thus, for the first four decades of the 19th century, the RSE's members published brilliant articles in two different journals. By the 1850s, the society once again unified its membership under one journal. During the 19th century the society contained many scientists whose ideas laid the foundation of the modern sciences. From the 20th century onward, the society functioned not only as a focal point for Scotland's eminent scientists, but the arts and humanities, it still continues to promote original research in Scotland. In February 2014, Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell was announced as the society's first female president, taking up her position in October; the Royal Society has been housed in a succession of locations: 1783–1807 – College Library, University of Edinburgh 1807–1810 – Physicians' Hall, George Street. The Royal Medals are awarded annually, preferably to people with a Scottish connection, who have achieved distinction and international repute in either Life Sciences and Engineering Sciences, Arts and Social Sciences or Business and Commerce.
The Medals were instituted in 2000 by Queen Elizabeth II, whose permission is required to make a presentation. Past winners include: The Lord Kelvin Medal is the Senior Prize for Physical and Informatics Sciences, it is awarded annually to a person who has achieved distinction nationally and internationally, who has contributed to wider society by the accessible dissemination of research and scholarship. Winners are required to deliver a public lecture in Scotland; the award is named after William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, a famous mathematical physicist and engineer, Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Glasgow. Senior Prize-winners are required to have a Scottish connection but can be based anywhere in the world; the Keith medal has been awarded every four years for a scientific paper published in the society's scientific journals, preference being given to a paper containing a discovery. It is awarded alternately for papers on Environmental Sciences; the medal was founded in 1827 as a result of a bequest by Alexander Keith of Dunnottar, the first Treasurer of the Society.
The Makdougall Brisbane Prize has been awarded biennially, preferably to people working in Scotland, with no more than fifteen years post-doctoral experience, for particular distinction in the promotion of scientific research and is awarded sequentially to research workers in the Physical Sciences, Engineering Sciences and Biological Sciences. The prize was founded in 1855 by Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane, the long-serving fourth President of the Society. The'Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize Lectureship' is a quadrennial award to re