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Formosa BBS

Formosa BBS was one of the earliest, if not the first, telnet-based Bulletin board systems to have Chinese language capability. Work used from creating Formosa was combined with the open source Pirate BBS to create Eagle BBS from which the more user friendly Phoenix BBS was derived; the open source Phoenix BBS was the parent of the used Firebird BBS and Maple BBS. Formosa BBS established in October 1992 by Professor Nien-Hsing Chen of the National Sun Yat-sen University, was one of the earliest, if not the first, telnet-based Bulletin board systems to have Chinese language capability; the objective was to provide a means for professors and students to communicate. In developing the Formosa BBS Chinese language interface Professor Chen used code from the open source Pirate BBS; the developed code was returned to the Pirate BBS developers who created Eagle BBS as an open source BBS with a Chinese language interface. Phoenix BBS was development of the Eagle BBS but incorporated a more user-friendly interface.

Firebird BBS is one of two main telnet-based Bulletin board systems developed in Taiwan. It is gained popularity in mainland China and was adopted by most sites there. Several derived BBS systems are based on its source code; some popular sites like SMTH BBS and HKiBBS are using the derived system of the Firebird. Maple BBS is one of two main telnet-based Bulletin board systems developed in Taiwan, the other being Firebird BBS. IN Taiwan most BBS adopted Maple or its descendants in preference to Firebird BBS. Several BBS systems are based on its source code. In Taiwan Maple BBS and its descendants gained market share from FireBird BBS. Chinese input methods for computers

List of National Geological Monuments in India

National Geological Monuments of India are geographical areas of national importance and heritage, as notified by the Government of India's Geological Survey of India, for their protection, maintenance and enhancement of geotourism. There are 34 notified National Geological Heritage Monument Sites of India. GSI or the respective State governments are responsible for taking necessary measures to protect these sites. Lists of Indian Monuments of National Importance List of World Heritage Sites in India List of rock-cut temples in India List of forts in India List of museums in India Monograph on national geoheritage sites of India, by INTACH Map Information on Geo-Heritage sites

Marguerite Canal

Marie-Marguerite-Denise Canal known as Marguerite Canal, was a French conductor, music educator and composer. She was born in Toulouse into a musical family, her father introduced her to music and poetry, she studied singing and piano at the Paris Conservatoire in 1911, after completing her work there, became a teacher at the Conservatoire. In 1917, she became the first woman in France to conduct an orchestra. In 1919, she was named professor of singing at the Conservatoire and, in 1920, became only the second woman to receive the First Grand Prix of Rome in musical composition with Don Juan, with the congratulations of Camille Saint-Saëns. After winning, she left her teaching position to stay at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy in 1925 but she returned to France in 1932 to resume her work there until her retirement; the musicologist Mario Facchinetti said about her in 1956: "Marguerite Canal is an inspired composer who keeps to the French style of Fauré, Debussy and Duparc, a style, sober and pure."She retired to Cepet, near Toulouse and died there at 88 years of age.

Canal composed for voice and instrument performance and was noted for songs. Selected works include: Don Juan, drama, 1920 Requiem, 1921 Sonata for Violin and Piano, 1922 Le Jardin de L'Infante Nell Ici bas tous les lilas Meurent Douceur du Soir Un grand sommeil noir Ecoutez la chanson bien douce Il pleure dans mon coeur Amours triestes, song cycle Tlass alka, Her works have been recorded and issued on CD, including: Marguerite Canal Songs, Sonata for Violin and Piano

Common Criteria Evaluation and Validation Scheme

Common Criteria Evaluation and Validation Scheme is a United States Government program administered by the National Information Assurance Partnership to evaluate security functionality of an information technology with conformance to the Common Criteria international standard. The new standard uses the Common Criteria Standards to certify the product; this change happened in 2009. The change was implemented to bring credibility back to the CC brand, their stated goal in making the change was to ensure achievable and testable evaluations. The CCEVS program is a partnership between the U. S. Government and industry to assist themselves and the consumers: To meet the needs of government and industry for cost-effective evaluation of IT products To encourage the formation of commercial security testing laboratories and the development of a private sector security testing industry To ensure that security evaluations of IT products are performed to consistent standards To improve the availability of evaluated IT products.

The scheme is intended to serve many communities of interest with diverse roles and responsibilities. This community includes IT product developers, product vendors, value-added resellers, systems integrators, IT security researchers, acquisition/procurement authorities, consumers of IT products and accreditors. Close cooperation between government and industry is paramount to the success of the scheme and the realization of its objectives; the Validation Body has the ultimate responsibility for the operation of the CCEVS in accordance with NIAP policies and procedures. Where appropriate it will interpret and amend those policies and procedures; the NIST and NSA are responsible for providing sufficient resources to the NIAP so that the Validation Body may carry out its responsibilities. However as of 2009 the NIAP has reached out to other vendors, labs and customers to help in the evaluation of products therefore diminishing the reliance on the NSA; the Validation Body is led by a Director and Deputy Director selected by NIST and NSA management and other personnel include validators and technical experts in various technology areas.

The Validation Body ensures that appropriate mechanisms are in place to protect the interests of all parties within the CCEVS participating in the process of IT security evaluation. Disputes brought forth by any participating party, i.e. the sponsor of an evaluation, product or Protection Profile developer or CCTL concerning the operation of the CCEVS or any of its associated activities shall be referred to the Validation Body for resolution. Once the product has been certified it is listed as PP Compliant in the NIAP Product Compliant List. NIAP NSA NIAP DoDI 8500.2

1975 South African Grand Prix

The 1975 South African Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Kyalami on 1 March 1975. It was race 3 of 14 in both the 1975 World Championship of Drivers and the 1975 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers, it was the 21st South African Grand Prix since the first Grand Prix was held in 1934 and the ninth to be held at Kyalami just outside Johannesburg. It was held over 78 laps of the four kilometre circuit for a race distance of 320 kilometres. Jody Scheckter became the first South African driver to win the race. Driving a Tyrrell 007, he took over the lead of the race from Carlos Pace on lap three and took a three-second win over the Brabham BT44B of Carlos Reutemann. Scheckter's Tyrrell team mate Patrick Depailler finished third. Ferrari had used the free month of February profitably, producing the new 312T model with a new transverse gearbox. There was a new face in the persona of female Italian racer Lella Lombardi. In practice, Graham Hill's car spun on oil dropped from Ronnie Peterson's car and crashed, destroying his car.

He opted to sit out the race. Once the debris had been cleared and holes in the catch fencing mended, there was a second accident as Niki Lauda spun on engine oil, hitting the wall at 120 mph. With further violent accidents to Jody Scheckter and Guy Tunmer, the drivers deemed the circuit not safe and refused to continue until fencing defects were remedied and the track improved, further helped by the support of mechanics who insisted no more practice be carried out; when the racing got under way, Carlos Pace led from pole in a Brabham 1–2 but was soon passed by Jody Scheckter and Carlos Reutemann after experiencing braking problems, Patrick Depailler soon climbed to third. James Hunt retired with a broken throttle linkage, Vittorio Brambilla with oil cooler problems and Ian Scheckter crashed. Emerson Fittipaldi was challenging Depailler for 4th place. Jody Scheckter held on from Reutemann for his only home win. Laps led: Carlos Pace Jody Scheckter Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings