John Partridge (artist)

For others with the same name, see John Partridge John Partridge was a British artist and portrait painter. Named'portrait painter-extraordinary' to Queen Victoria, his pictures depict many of the notable figures of his time. Born in Glasgow, he was the second son of twelve children of Samuel Partridge, his brother Richard Partridge became the President of the Royal College of Surgeons. Partridge studied with the portrait painter Thomas Phillips from 1814, he moved to London the same year, entering the Royal Academy Schools in 1816. At first he lived in Marylebone a popular neighbourhood with artists. In 1820, he married his cousin Clementina Sarah Campbell. From 1823 to 1827, he lived in Italy, staying in Florence and Rome. During his time there, his focus widened from purely portraits. During his stay in Italy, he gained several wealthy patrons. In 1828, soon after his return from Rome, he left Marylebone for the more upper class Brook Street, off Grosvenor Square, where many of his sitters resided.

The move seems to have paid off: his career blossomed. Between 1827 and 1845, he painted over two hundred portraits. Many were of prestigious sitters, including an 1836 commission from Leopold I of Belgium, which led two years to the patronage of Queen Victoria, he painted several successful portraits of the Queen and of Prince Albert, in 1843, he became'portrait painter-extraordinary' to the Queen. Queen Victoria's attentions were, however, to prove fickle, the 1842 arrival of Franz Xaver Winterhalter, soon the new favourite, cut short Partridge's career as a royal portraitist. In 1846, Partridge made the decision never to exhibit again at the Royal Academy, after two of his portraits were placed insultingly badly in consequence of a dispute more than a decade earlier with fellow artist and Royal Academician, Ramsay Richard Reinagle, over Partridge altering one of Reinagle's pictures for the owner, he did not change his mind when, two years Reinagle was discredited for claiming another artist's work as his own.

Although Partridge set up a gallery in his studio to exhibit his works, commissions plummeted, with only 76 portraits in the period from 1845 to 1865, his income suffered. Towards the end of his life, Partridge railed against this injustice in a pamphlet, On the Constitution and Management of the Royal Academy, writing that he had been "driven from the position I held in public estimation and employment... as the penalty for maintaining any degree of self-respect and independent feeling."Partridge died in London in 1872. He had earlier donated some of his unsold paintings to the National Portrait Gallery, where many are still on display. Partridge portrayed many of the notable people of the day, with over three hundred portraits in total. In addition to the royal subjects mentioned, he painted the prime minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, many other political or noble figures including Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk, Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Frederick Lamb, 3rd Viscount Melbourne, Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, Maharaja Duleep Singh, George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland and Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.

Other subjects included members of the artistic community such as Daniel Asher Alexander, Robert Trewick Bone, John James Chalon, William Dyce, Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, John Gibson, Charles Robert Leslie, Joseph Severn and Thomas Uwins, prominent scientists such as Joseph Hodgson and James Watt. He worked in oil on canvas, his early style was influenced by his teacher Thomas Phillips, who in turn was influenced by Sir Thomas Lawrence. His other works encompassed landscapes depicting Italy, paintings with literary themes, studies of children; the majority were exhibited at the British Institution. Small, they included numerous pencil sketches, sometimes incorporating an ink or watercolour wash. Links to online representations are given where available.'The artist and his family in his house at 21 Brook Street, Grosvenor Square"Satan"L'allegrezza"John Partridge"Queen Victoria"Prince Albert"William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne"Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston"The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846' 35 paintings by or after John Partridge at the Art UK site Works by John Partridge at Faded Page

Fisheries Research and Development Corporation

The Fisheries Research and Development Corporation is a statutory authority that manages research and development investment by the Australian Government and the Australian fishing and aquaculture commercial and indigenous sectors. The FRDC is one of fifteen Australian rural research and development corporations managing investment by the Australian Government and primary industries that during the past 25 years has been crucial to the doubling of the productivity of the agriculture and forestry sectors. At its inception in 1992, the Corporation's major focus was on research concerning the management of commercial wild-catch fisheries and, to a lesser extent, aquaculture. Since the scope has widened to encompass economic and social aspects of the entire fishing and aquaculture commercial and indigenous sectors – that is, the recreational and indigenous customary sectors in addition to the commercial wild-catch and aquaculture sectors; the Corporation's strategic investments in research and extension activities benefit all its stakeholders.

However, the FRDC is unique among the corporations in balancing its investment between natural resource management and industry productivity and development. Therefore, a significant proportion of funding is directed at research that has a public good benefit. In fulfilling its role of planning, investing in and managing fisheries research and extension activities in Australia, the FRDC provides leadership and coordination of the monitoring and reporting on RD&E activities and facilitates the dissemination and commercialisation of research results to end-users; the FRDC achieves this through coordinating investment by government and industry, involving stakeholders to set and address RD&E priorities. The FRDC monitors and evaluates the adoption of RD&E outputs to inform future decisions. Formed as a statutory corporation on 2 July 1991 under the provisions of the Primary Industries and Energy Research and Development Act 1989, the FRDC is responsible to the Minister for Agriculture. A Chairman and a board of directors govern the FRDC.

The board oversees corporate governance, sets strategic direction and monitors the ongoing performance of the Corporation and the Executive Director. The board and the Executive Director are responsible for managing and evaluating the Corporation and its investments, for reporting to government and the fishing and aquaculture commercial and indigenous sectors. During 2012-13 the focus for the FRDC Board was on: implementing the National Framework for Primary Industries Research and Extension developing strategic investment options to ensure delivery of outcomes against the FRDC RD&E Plan responding to findings of the Productivity Commission inquiry into the rural research and development corporations and the Rural Research and Development Council's National Strategic Investment Plan developing a plan to improve the perception of the fishing and aquaculture through making research results more publicly available and addressing factually incorrect media reports; the FRDC supports a network of Research Advisory Committees located in each state and the Northern Territory.

The RACs have an important role in maximising the efficiency of the FRDC's planning and funding process. The primary revenue for the FRDC comes from the Australian Government and the fishing and aquaculture commercial and indigenous sectors, based on: the Australian Government providing unmatched funds equivalent to 0.5 per cent of the average gross value of Australian fisheries production. The Corporation manages significant contributions by stakeholders in FRDC-funded projects; the FRDC's strategic investments in RD&E activities benefit the three sectors of fishing: commercial and indigenous customary. The FRDC has a significant responsibility in ensuring, on behalf of the Australian Government, that research is undertaken to assist in the management of the fisheries and aquaculture resource for ongoing sustainability. A significant proportion of funding is therefore directed to research that has a public good benefit; the FRDC invests in RD&E across the fishing and aquaculture commercial and indigenous sectors, for the benefit of both recreational and indigenous customary fishers.

The FRDC seeks to achieve maximum leverage from its investment by providing research administration and services using a value-adding model in which research projects are tailored to deliver a specific outcome and are managed and monitored. The FRDC commissions RD&E through a variety of flexible investment approaches, including an open call for project applications; the focus for FRDC investment aligns with the following 14 themes, as outlined in the Corporation's 2010-2015 Strategic RD&E Plan. The investment balance between themes, which may vary depending on strategic needs, is reported in each annual report. FRDC strategic research themes — Extracted from the FRDC's RD&E plan,'Figure 1: Our planning environment', showing the drivers to which the Corpor

Alevtina Ivanova

Alevtina Ivanova is a Russian long-distance runner who specialises in the marathon. She has won at the Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon. Ivanova has competed much on the road running circuit in the United States and has won the Beach to Beacon 10K, Crim 10-Mile Race and Sentinel Half Marathon and America's Finest City Half Marathon, she has represented Russia internationally in cross country running: she was the best-performing European in the short race at the 2005 IAAF World Cross Country Championships and took part in the 2006 European Cross Country Championships. In addition to professional competition, she has acted as a pacemaker in major marathons in Japan, she made her debut over the classic distance in 2002 at the Prague International Marathon and she won, finishing in a time of 2:32:24. She improved her time further at the Amsterdam Marathon in October, where she ran 2:30:25 for sixth place, she took third place at the Honolulu Marathon; the following year she took part in the Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon for the first time and finished in second place behind compatriot Madina Biktagirova with a personal best time of 2:29:05.

She ran in the Dublin Marathon and returned to Honolulu where she improved to second place. At the Park Forest Scenic 10 in Illinois, United States, she ran a course record of 53:18 to win the 10-mile competition. In 2004, Ivanova ran at the Nagano Marathon for a second time, she ran in a succession of races in August. She started with a third-place finish at the Beach to Beacon race, scored a victory in the 7-mile Falmouth Road Race the following week, won at the America's Finest City Half Marathon the next weekend, beat all comers at the News and Sentinel Half Marathon in Parkersburg, West Virginia a week later, she closed the year with a fourth-place finish at the Honolulu Marathon. She won the Russian cross country running championships at the start of 2005 and entered the short race at the 2005 IAAF World Cross Country Championships, she placed tenth in the race – the best performance by an athlete outside of the dominant teams of Kenya and Ethiopia. A return to the Beach to Beacon race saw her finish as runner-up to Lornah Kiplagat.

Ivanova was eighth at the Virginia Beach Half Marathon. She was employed as the pacemaker for the 2005 Tokyo International Women's Marathon and led the race up to the 25 km point, she again reached the podium by taking third place. At the start of 2006, she set a course record at the Uptown Run in Dallas, winning the 8 km race in a time of 25:16, she set a number of bests from 15 km to 25 km at the Nagoya Women's Marathon, although she failed to finish the race. In her third attempt at the Beach to Beacon Race she beat Edna Kiplagat to win the title of the 10K competition, she won the News and Sentinel Half Marathon for a second time in August 2006, took the title at the Crim 10-Mile Race in Flint, Michigan that month. At the end of the year she represented Russia at the 2006 European Cross Country Championships, where she was sixteenth and helped the Russia women's team to fourth place along with Mariya Konovalova, she acted as the pacemaker for the Tokyo Women's Marathon in November and she set an unofficial best of 1:10:53 over the half marathon distance.

She won the 2007 Nagano Marathon, building up a large lead in the final stages to score a personal best of 2:27:49, as well as a win over Dire Tune, among others. Ivanova competed in India for the first time at the Delhi Half Marathon and she finished in eighth place; the following year's Nagano Marathon brought further improvement for the Russian as she not only defended her title, but knocked over a minute off her best with a run of 2:26:39. Ivanova led the 2009 Rock'n' Roll Las Vegas Marathon for much of the race, but she was overhauled by Caroline Rotich, she managed to finish as runner-up to Helena Kirop at the 2010 Prague Marathon, running one of her fastest times with 2:27:36. She was sixth at the Yokohama Women's Marathon in her first race of 2011, she won the Saint Petersburg Marathon in June returned to Yokohama for its new November timing, but was outside of the top ten. She returned to the podium at the San Diego Marathon in June 2012, winning the race in a time of 2:27:44 hours. All information taken from IAAF profile.

Alevtina Ivanova at World Athletics Profile at Marathoninfo