Worcester is a city in, the county seat of, Worcester County, United States. Named after Worcester, England, as of the 2010 Census the city's population was 181,045, making it the second most populous city in New England after Boston. Worcester is located 40 miles west of Boston, 50 miles east of Springfield and 40 miles north of Providence. Due to its location in Central Massachusetts, Worcester is known as the "Heart of the Commonwealth", thus, a heart is the official symbol of the city. However, the heart symbol may have its provenance in lore that the Valentine's Day card, although not invented in the city, was mass-produced and popularized by Esther Howland who resided in Worcester. Worcester was considered its own distinct region apart from Boston until the 1970s. Since Boston's suburbs have been moving out further westward after the construction of Interstate 495 and Interstate 290; the Worcester region now marks the western periphery of the Boston-Worcester-Providence U. S. Census Combined Greater Boston.
The city features many examples of Victorian-era mill architecture. The area was first inhabited by members of the Nipmuc tribe; the native people called the region built a settlement on Pakachoag Hill in Auburn. In 1673 English settlers John Eliot and Daniel Gookin led an expedition to Quinsigamond to establish a new Christian Indian "praying town" and identify a new location for an English settlement. On July 13, 1674, Gookin obtained a deed to eight square miles of land in Quinsigamond from the Nipmuc people and English traders and settlers began to inhabit the region. In 1675, King Philip's War broke out throughout New England with the Nipmuc Indians coming to the aid of Indian leader King Philip; the English settlers abandoned the Quinsigamond area and the empty buildings were burned by the Indian forces. The town was again abandoned during Queen Anne's War in 1702. In 1713, Worcester was permanently resettled for a third time by Jonas Rice. Named after the city of Worcester, the town was incorporated on June 14, 1722.
On April 2, 1731, Worcester was chosen as the county seat of the newly founded Worcester County government. Between 1755 and 1758, future U. S. president John Adams studied law in Worcester. In the 1770s, Worcester became a center of American revolutionary activity. British General Thomas Gage was given information of patriot ammunition stockpiled in Worcester in 1775. In 1775, Massachusetts Spy publisher Isaiah Thomas moved his radical newspaper out of British occupied Boston to Worcester. Thomas would continuously publish his paper throughout the American Revolutionary War. On July 14, 1776, Thomas performed the first public reading in Massachusetts of the Declaration of Independence from the porch of the Old South Church, where the 19th century Worcester City Hall stands today, he would go on to form the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester in 1812. During the turn of the 19th century Worcester's economy moved into manufacturing. Factories producing textiles and clothing opened along the nearby Blackstone River.
However, the manufacturing industry in Worcester would not begin to thrive until the opening of the Blackstone Canal in 1828 and the opening of the Worcester and Boston Railroad in 1835. The city transformed into a transportation hub and the manufacturing industry flourished. Worcester was chartered as a city on February 29, 1848; the city's industries soon attracted immigrants of Irish, French and Swedish descent in the mid-19th century and many immigrants of Lithuanian, Italian, Greek and Armenian descent. Immigrants moved into new three-decker houses which lined hundreds of Worcester's expanding streets and neighborhoods. In 1831 Ichabod Washburn opened the Moen Company; the company would become the largest wire manufacturing in the country and Washburn became one of the leading industrial and philanthropic figures in the city. Worcester would become a center of machinery, wire products and power looms and boasted large manufacturers, Washburn & Moen, Wyman-Gordon Company, American Steel & Wire, Morgan Construction and the Norton Company.
In 1908 the Royal Worcester Corset Company was the largest employer of women in the United States. Worcester would claim many inventions and firsts. New England Candlepin bowling was invented in Worcester by Justin White in 1879. Esther Howland began the first line of Valentine's Day cards from her Worcester home in 1847. Loring Coes invented the first monkey wrench and Russell Hawes created the first envelope folding machine. On June 12, 1880, Lee Richmond pitched the first perfect game in Major league baseball history for the Worcester Ruby Legs at the Worcester Agricultural Fairgrounds. On June 9, 1953 an F4 tornado touched down in Massachusetts northwest of Worcester; the tornado tore through 48 miles of Worcester County including a large area of the city of Worcester. The tornado killed 94 people; the Worcester Tornado would be the most deadly tornado to hit Massachusetts. Debris from the tornado landed as far away as Massachusetts. After World War II, Worcester began to fall into decline as the city lost its manufacturing base to cheaper alternatives across the country and overseas.
Worcester felt the national trends of movement away from historic urban centers. The city's population would drop over 20% from 1950 to 1980. In the mid-20th century large urban renewal projects were undertaken to try and reverse the city's decline. A huge area of downtown Worcester was demolished for new office towers and the 1,000,000 sq. ft. Wor
A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content. Although the word "novel" refers to long fictional works, the term "graphic novel" is applied broadly and includes fiction, non-fiction, anthologized work, it is distinguished from the term "comic book", used for comics periodicals. Fan historian Richard Kyle coined the term "graphic novel" in an essay in the November 1964 issue of the comics fanzine Capa-Alpha; the term gained popularity in the comics community after the publication of Will Eisner's A Contract with God and the start of Marvel's Graphic Novel line and became familiar to the public in the late 1980s after the commercial successes of the first volume of Art Spiegelman's Maus in 1986 and the collected editions of Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns in 1986 and Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons' Watchmen in 1987. The Book Industry Study Group began using "graphic novel" as a category in book stores in 2001; the term is not defined, though Merriam-Webster's full dictionary definition is "a fictional story, presented in comic-strip format and published as a book", while its simplest definition is given as "cartoon drawings that tell a story and are published as a book".
In the publishing trade, the term extends to material that would not be considered a novel if produced in another medium. Collections of comic books that do not form a continuous story, anthologies or collections of loosely related pieces, non-fiction are stocked by libraries and bookstores as "graphic novels"; the term is sometimes used to distinguish between works created as standalone stories, in contrast to collections or compilations of a story arc from a comic book series published in book form. In continental Europe, both original book-length stories such as La rivolta dei racchi by Guido Buzzelli, collections of comics have been published in hardcover volumes called "albums", since the end of the 19th century; as the exact definition of the graphic novel is debated, the origins of the form are open to interpretation. The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck is the oldest recognized American example of comics used to this end, it originated as the 1828 publication Histoire de M. Vieux Bois by Swiss caricaturist Rodolphe Töpffer, was first published in English translation in 1841 by London's Tilt & Bogue, which used an 1833 Paris pirate edition.
The first American edition was published in 1842 by Wilson & Company in New York City using the original printing plates from the 1841 edition. Another early predecessor is Journey to the Gold Diggins by Jeremiah Saddlebags by brothers J. A. D. and D. F. Read, inspired by The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck. In 1894 Caran d'Ache broached the idea of a "drawn novel" in a letter to the newspaper Le Figaro and started work on a 360-page wordless book. In the United States there is a long tradition of reissuing published comic strips in book form. In 1897 the Hearst Syndicate published such a collection of The Yellow Kid by Richard Outcault and it became a best seller; the 1920s saw a revival of the medieval woodcut tradition, with Belgian Frans Masereel cited as "the undisputed king" of this revival. His works include Passionate Journey. American Lynd Ward worked in this tradition, publishing Gods' Man, in 1929 and going on to publish more during the 1930s. Other prototypical examples from this period include American Milt Gross's He Done Her Wrong, a wordless comic published as a hardcover book, Une semaine de bonté, a novel in sequential images composed of collage by the surrealist painter Max Ernst.
Charlotte Salomon's Life? or Theater? Combines images and captions; the 1940s saw the launching of Classics Illustrated, a comic-book series that adapted notable, public domain novels into standalone comic books for young readers. In 1947 Fawcett Comics published Comics Novel #1: "Anarcho, Dictator of Death", a 52-page comic dedicated to one story. In 1950, St. John Publications produced the digest-sized, adult-oriented "picture novel" It Rhymes with Lust, a film noir-influenced slice of steeltown life starring a scheming, manipulative redhead named Rust. Touted as "an original full-length novel" on its cover, the 128-page digest by pseudonymous writer "Drake Waller", penciler Matt Baker and inker Ray Osrin proved successful enough to lead to an unrelated second picture novel, The Case of the Winking Buddha by pulp novelist Manning Lee Stokes and illustrator Charles Raab. Presaging Will Eisner's multiple-story graphic novel A Contract with God, cartoonist Harvey Kurtzman wrote and drew the four-story mass-market paperback Harvey Kurtzman's Jungle Book, published in 1959.
By the late 1960s, American comic book creators were becoming more adventurous with the form. Gil Kane and Archie Goodwin self-published a 40-page, magazine-format comics novel, His Name Is... Savage in 1968—the same year Marvel Comics published two issues of The Spectacular Spider-Man in a similar format. Columnist and comic-book writer Steven Grant argues that Stan Lee and Steve Ditko's Doctor Strange story in Strange Tales #130–146, although published serially from 1965–1966, is "the first American graphic novel". Critic Jason Sacks referred to the 13-issue "Panther's Rage"—comics' first-known titled, self-contained, multi-issue story arc—that ran from 1973 to 1975 in the Black Panther series in Marvel's Jungle Action as "Marvel's first graphic novel". Meanwhile, in continental Europe, the tradition of collecting ser
The Player (2015 TV series)
The Player is an American action television series created by John Rogers and John Fox, starring Philip Winchester, Wesley Snipes and Charity Wakefield. NBC ordered the pilot to series on May 8, 2015, the show aired from September 24, to November 19, 2015 for one season; because of low ratings, the count of episodes has been reduced to nine, with the production wrapping up after shooting the ninth episode. Before that, Sony had sold the series' airing rights to 105 international territories; the life of Alex Kane, a security expert in Las Vegas, is turned upside down during an evening with his ex-wife Ginny, as she is killed by unknown assailants. Eager to track down Ginny's murderers, Kane runs into a high-stakes gambling operation run by Isaiah Johnson, the "Pit Boss", Cassandra King, the "Dealer". Johnson and King organize betting on crimes. King helps the Player with unlimited resources as the punters bet on who will gain the upper hand over a limited timeframe. Kane is recruited as the organization's latest Player.
Philip Winchester as Alex Kane, "The Player" Charity Wakefield as Cassandra King, the dealer Damon Gupton as Detective Cal Brown, Las Vegas Police Department Wesley Snipes as Mr. Isaiah Johnson, the pit boss Daisy Betts as Virginia "Ginny" Lee, Alex's ex-wife Nick Wechsler as Nick, Cassandra's boyfriend Richard Roundtree as Judge Samuel Letts KaDee Strickland as Special Agent Rose Nolan Courtney Grosbeck as Dani, Alex's niece Rotten Tomatoes assessed the series' approval rating at 38%, with an average rating of 4.1/10, sampled from 45 reviews. Their critic consensus states: "The Player's convoluted premise weighs down a game cast, bringing nothing original to the table". On Metacritic, it holds a 43 out of 100, based on 25 critics' reviews, signifying "mixed or average reviews". In Australia, the series premiered on October 2015 on the Seven Network. In Spain, the series premiered on December 7, 2015 on the AXN. In the United Kingdom, the series premiered on October 2016 on Spike. In Bulgaria, the series premiered on January 2, 2018 on Nova TV.
In Mexico, the series premiered on March 1, 2019 on Azteca 7. Official website The Player on IMDb
Eureka (U.S. TV series)
Eureka is an American science fiction television series that premiered on Syfy on July 18, 2006. The fifth and final season ended on July 16, 2012; the show was set in a fictional town of Oregon. Most residents of Eureka are scientific geniuses who work for Global Dynamics – an advanced research facility responsible for the development of nearly all major technological breakthroughs since its inception; each episode featured a mysterious accidental or intentional misuse of technology, which the town sheriff, Jack Carter, solved with the help of town scientists. Each season featured a larger story arc that concerned a particular major event or item; the series was produced by Universal Media Studios. While lacking in critical acclaim, Eureka was a ratings success for the network, averaging 3.2 million viewers during the second half of season three. In 2007, Eureka was nominated for the Emmy Award for Outstanding Visual Effects for a Series, won the Leo Award for Best Visual Effects in a Dramatic Series.
In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, the show airs on Syfy and is known as A Town Called Eureka, although it is shown under its original name on the BT Vision platform. Deputy United States Marshal Jack Carter stumbles upon Eureka while transporting a fugitive prisoner back to her mother's home in Los Angeles; when a faulty experiment cripples the sheriff of Eureka, Carter finds himself chosen to fill the vacancy. Despite not being a genius like most members of the town, Jack Carter demonstrates a remarkable ability to connect to others and practical insights, a dedication to preserving the safety of Eureka. Eureka took place in a high tech fictional community of the same name, located in the U. S. state of Oregon, inhabited by brilliant scientists. Camouflaged by an electromagnetic shield, the town is operated by a corporation called Global Dynamics, overseen by the United States Department of Defense; the town's existence and location are guarded secrets. In episode 1.8, Carter and Stark are able to drive to Summerville, Oregon within an hour, give or take a few minutes.
In episode 2.03, the meteorologist's map shows Eureka as being on the Santiam River by the Green Peter Reservoir in Oregon. But in episode 5.06, Jack is directed to place an electromagnetic field generator device at the center of Eureka's shield. The GPS coordinates given are 42°38′12.33″N 121°40′55.33″W, located in the Winema National Forest, 43 miles north of the border between California and Oregon. Sheriff Jack Carter, portrayed by Colin Ferguson, is a U. S. Marshal who reluctantly ends up as the sheriff of Eureka. Jack is dumbfounded by the wonders Eureka produces, as well as its propensity to produce things that threaten the entire town. Despite being a man of average intelligence in a town full of geniuses, Jack's admittedly simple ideas and his intuition save the day. Zoe Carter, is Jack's rebellious teenage daughter. Unlike her father, she is intelligent enough to keep up with the town's residents. Yet, like her father, she possesses street smarts, something lacking for most of the town's residents.
She hopes to become a physician. Dr. Allison Blake, portrayed by Salli Richardson-Whitfield, is a Department of Defense agent who acts as the liaison between Global Dynamics and the federal government in season one, she becomes the head of Global Dynamics. In seasons four and five she is the head doctor due to the effect of their journey to the 1940s. Allison, unmarried, is mother of Kevin, who has autism until season four. Dr. Henry Deacon, portrayed by Joe Morton, is the town jack of a brilliant scientist. Henry has ethical objections to the kind of research conducted at Global Dynamics, so he prefers to be employed as the town's mechanic. Henry's assistance is invaluable in defusing the bad situations that are created by experiments at Global Dynamics. Dr. Nathan Stark, portrayed by Ed Quinn, is one of Eureka's top scientists, he and Jack are at odds, although both respect each other. On and off, he is romantically involved with Allison, he is modeled after a Marvel Comics character. Dr. Beverly Barlowe, portrayed by Debrah Farentino, is the town psychiatrist.
She secretly works for a mysterious organization known as the Consortium, which has expressed a desire to exploit Eureka's innovations by whatever means necessary. Josephina "Jo" Lupo, portrayed by Erica Cerra, is Eureka's deputy sheriff, she is a former U. S. Army Ranger with a love of firearms. In seasons four and five she is the head of Global Dynamics security due to the effect of their journey to the 1940s. Dr. Douglas Fargo, portrayed by Neil Grayston, is a junior scientist, treated somewhat dismissively by his peers. Accident-prone, he ends up a victim of the disasters befalling the town, has caused a fair share of the problems. Grayston provides the voice of S. A. R. A. H; the bunker home Jack and Zoe Carter live in. In seasons four and five he is the head of Global Dynamics due to the effect of their journey to the 1940s. Zane Donovan, portrayed by Niall Matter, is a rebellious
The Core is a 2003 American science fiction disaster film directed by Jon Amiel and starring Aaron Eckhart, Hilary Swank, Delroy Lindo, Stanley Tucci, Tchéky Karyo, DJ Qualls, Bruce Greenwood and Alfre Woodard. The film focuses on a team whose mission is to drill to the center of the Earth and set off a series of nuclear explosions in order to restart the rotation of the Earth's core; the film was released on March 2003 by Paramount Pictures. Geophysicist Dr. Josh Keyes and scientists Dr. Serge Leveque and Dr. Conrad Zimsky become aware of an instability of Earth's magnetic field after a series of bizarre incidents across the globe, they determine that the Earth's molten core, which generates this field, has stopped rotating and that, within a year, the field will collapse, exposing the planet's surface directly to devastating solar radiation. Backed by the U. S. Government, Keyes and Zimsky create a plan to bore down to the core and set off several nuclear explosions to restart the rotation.
They gain the help of rogue scientist Dr. Ed "Braz" Brazzelton, who has devised a vessel made of "Unobtainium" that can withstand the heat and pressure within the Earth's crust and convert it to energy, as well as a laser-driven boring system that will allow them to pass through the crust. Construction starts on the Virgil, a multi-compartment vessel to be helmed by Space Shuttle Endeavour pilots Commander Robert Iverson and Major Rebecca "Beck" Childs, who will join Keyes and the others. To prevent a worldwide panic, Keyes enlists computer hacker Theodore Donald "Rat" Finch to scour the Internet and eliminate all traces of the pending disaster or their plan. Virgil is launched through the Marianas Trench from an offshore platform; the team accidentally drills through a gigantic empty geode structure 700 miles below the surface, damaging the lasers when it lands at its base and cracking the geode's structure and causing magma to flow in from above. The crew repair and restart the laser array in time, but before they can return to the ship, Iverson is killed by a falling crystal shard that hits him in the helmet.
As Virgil continues, it clips a huge diamond. Leveque sacrifices himself to save the nuclear launch codes before the compartment is crushed by extreme pressure. Meanwhile, on the surface, the public becomes aware of problems after a lightning superstorm and an unfiltered patch of ultra-violet radiation from the sun destroy Rome and San Francisco, respectively. Finch is unable to stop worldwide panic but instead learns of the top-secret project "DESTINI", the government's'secondary protocol' and will be deployed should the Virgil mission fail. Finch relays his information to Keyes, who discovers that Zimsky was one of DESTINI's lead scientists. DESTINI, according to Zimsky, was designed as a weapon to propagate earthquakes through the Earth's core, but its first activation unintentionally stopped its rotation instead. Zimsky reveals. Keyes is convinced it will have disastrous results and has Finch hack into DESTINI's system and cut its power supply to buy the Virgil more time. Virgil reaches the molten core, and, as they take readings, they discover that the density of the core is far different from what they expected, which will not allow their plan to work.
They calculate that by splitting their nuclear weapons into the remaining compartments and jettisoning each at specific distances, they can create a "ripple effect", where the power of each bomb will push against the blast of the next, generating the energy required to restart the core. However, because Virgil was not designed to jettison undamaged compartments, the plan requires someone to deactivate a safety switch, in an area exposed to the extreme temperatures. Braz deactivates the switch, dying shortly afterwards. Keyes and Zimsky race to reset the nuclear charges, Zimsky gets trapped in one of the detaching compartments. Keyes believes they still may have too little yield, but Zimsky suggests they use the ship's nuclear fuel source as well, which will leave the Virgil powerless. Keyes deploys the nuclear core in the last compartment and detaches it just as the triggered detonations start, the core's rotation is restarted. Drifting powerless in the core and Childs realize they can use the unobtainium shell to convert the heat and pressure from the wavefront to power the Virgil, they are able to escape from the Earth's core.
They break through the crust underwater, leaving them safe on the ocean floor, but power and communications are offline. They believe themselves use the remaining power to activate a weak sonar beacon; the beacon attracts a nearby whale pod, Finch is able to trace their whale songs to locate the Virgil. A week after the mission, Finch unleashes the full details of the mission and of DESTINI to the public via the Internet. Aaron Eckhart as Dr. Joshua "Josh" Keyes, a scientist and professor at the University of Chicago who designs the navigation system for Virgil and is assigned as head of the project. Hilary Swank as Major Rebecca "Beck" Childs, USAF, an astronaut who distinguished herself during an emergency crash landing of the Space Shuttle Endeavour in Los Angeles, California, a result of the magnetic instability. Delroy Lindo as Dr. Edward "Braz" Brazzelton, the designer of Virgil and the ultrasonic laser. Stanley Tucci as Dr. Conrad Zimsky, Earth specialist and designer of Project D. E. S.
T. INI, based in London, he went on h
Cully Hamner is an American comic book artist, known for his work on such books as Green Lantern: Mosaic, Blue Beetle, Black Lightning: Year One, Detective Comics. He is the co-creator and illustrator of the 2003 graphic novel Red, adapted into a 2010 feature film of the same name starring Bruce Willis, as well as a 2013 sequel. Cully Hamner was born March 1969 in Huntsville, Alabama, he graduated from Albert P. Brewer High School in Alabama. Since his 1992 debut on Green Lantern: Mosaic, Hamner has worked for nearly every major American comic book publisher, is chiefly known for such titles as the aforementioned Green Lantern: Mosaic, Blue Beetle, Red, he is one of the original members of Atlanta's Gaijin Studios. Hamner helped start and acted as Creative Consultant to 12 Gauge Comics, publisher of such titles as The Ride, Gun Candy, Body Bags, O. C. T.: The Occult Crimes Taskforce. His work can be seen in Top Cow's 2005 Warren Ellis series Down and as the original artist and designer of DC Comics' current Blue Beetle character.
He was the regular artist for that character's monthly series in 2006 and 2007, leaving that title with its tenth issue, though he continued throughout the following year as the regular cover artist for that book. Black Lightning: Year One, written by Jen Van Meter and illustrated by Hamner, was released in 2009 as a miniseries and as a trade paperback collection in 2010, was subsequently nominated for two Glyph Awards. In March 2009, it was announced that Hamner had signed an exclusive contract with DC Comics, in June 2009, he began his run on the monthly Detective Comics, featuring The Question. After concluding his year-long tenure on that character and in light of the pending release of the film version of Red, it was announced that Hamner would return to both write and illustrate the Paul Moses character for a 40-page prequel called Red: Eyes Only. In 2010, Summit Entertainment released RED, a feature film adaptation of the 2003 comic book of the same name that Hamner illustrated with writer Warren Ellis, starring Bruce Willis, Morgan Freeman, Helen Mirren, John Malkovich and Richard Dreyfuss.
On June 9, 2011, it was revealed by DC Comics co-publisher Jim Lee that Hamner had been enlisted in a substantial role to help guide the initiative to redesign DC's stable of characters as part of the "New 52" line-wide relaunch. On July 12, Comic Book Resources reported DC's announcement that Hamner would be teaming with writer James Dale Robinson for the first three-issue story arc of a new 12-issue series starring The Shade. On July 19, 2013, RED 2, the sequel to RED, was released in North America; the film stars Bruce Willis, John Malkovich, Mary-Louise Parker, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Lee Byung-hun, Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, with Dean Parisot directing a screenplay by Jon and Erich Hoeber. In its opening weekend, the film grossed $18.5 million and finished in fifth place, lower than the $21.8 million its predecessor earned in October 2010. According to exit polling, 67 % of the audience was over 52 % was male. Red 2 grossed $53.3 million in North America and $94.8 million overseas for a total of $148.1 million worldwide.
In the spring of 2015, Hamner reteamed with writer Greg Rucka to produce a two-issue coda to their run on the Renee Montoya character in Detective Comics. Convergence: The Question was released by DC Entertainment in April and May 2015. On August 14, 2015, it was announced that NBC was developing an hour-long based RED television series produced by screenwriters Jon Hoeber and Erich Hoeber, along with Lorenzo di Bonaventura and Mark Vahradian. Lionsgate Television and Di Bonaventura Pictures Television would be producing the series. On June 17, 2016, Lionsgate announced that it would be teaming with Indian actor/producer Anil Kapoor’s AKFC production banner on a Hindi version of RED for the Indian market. On June 21, 2017, RED producer Lorenzo di Bonaventura stated that a script for RED 3 had been commissioned, that he was "waiting for right now." In August 2017, it was announced in The Hollywood Reporter that Hamner would be returning to DC Comics to illustrate Batman And The Signal, a three-issue mini-series teaming Batman and the Duke Thomas character.
The series is written by fan-favorite writer Scott newcomer Tony Patrick. Batman And The Signal #1-3, with writers Scott Snyder and Tony Patrick Convergence: The Question #1-2, with writer Greg Rucka Legends of the Dark Knight #80-82, with writer Ron Marz Future's End, Week 21, with writer Jeff Lemire Animal Man #36, with writer Jeff Lemire Flash Annual #2, with writer NiCole DuBuc Action Comics Annual #1, with writer Sholly Fisch Action Comics #14, with writer Sholly Fisch National Comics: Eternity #1, with writer Jeff LeMire The Shade #1-3, with writer James Dale Robinson Detective Comics #854-865, serial co-feature "The Question," with writer Greg Rucka Black Lightning: Year One #1-6 with writer Jen Van Meter Blue Beetle #1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 10 with writers Keith Giffen and John Rogers Down #2-4 with writer Warren Ellis for Top Cow Red 3-issue miniseries with writer Warren Ellis for Wildstorm Batman: Tenses 2-issue miniseries with writer Joe Casey for DC Comics Uncanny X-Men #400 with writer Joe Casey for Marvel Comics The Titans #14 with writers Brian K. Vaughn and Devin Grayson for DC Comics Wonder Woman #153 with artist Georges Jeanty and writer Mark Millar for DC Comics Green Lantern Secret Files with writer Ron Marz for DC Comics Tom Strong #3 with writer Alan Moore and artist Chris Sprouse for America's Best Comics Daredevil #379 with
Global Frequency is an American comic book limited series created and written by Warren Ellis and published by Wildstorm Productions, an imprint of DC Comics. It is a science-fiction series set in the present day, consisting of single-issue, standalone stories; the series of 12 issues was published between October 2002 and June 2004. Each issue was drawn by a different artist, with uniform covers by Brian Wood, interior artwork colored by David Baron; the Global Frequency is an independent, covert intelligence organization headed by a former intelligence agent who uses the alias of Miranda Zero. 1,001 people are on the Global Frequency, forming an active smart mob communicating by specially modified video mobile phones through a central dispatch system coordinated by a young woman code-named Aleph. The purpose of the organization is to protect and rescue the world from the consequences of the various secret projects that the governments or individuals of the world have established, which are unknown to the public at large.
The people on the Global Frequency are chosen and called on for their specialized skills in a variety of areas, include military personnel, intelligence agents, police detectives, scientific researchers, athletes, former criminals and assassins. The threats addressed by the organization are varied and world-threatening, including rogue military operations, paranormal phenomena, terrorist attacks and religious cults; the existence of the organization is an open secret, but its membership list is anonymous, the identities of its field agents unknown to each other before they meet on a mission. The only way to tell a member of the Global Frequency is by the phones that they carry or the Global Frequency symbol—a circle with four points on its perimeter 90°s apart that they sport somewhere on their person. Who funds the Global Frequency is not known. Zero has said that at least some of the money comes from the G8 governments that pay the Frequency for not revealing the various secret horrors that they combat.
Although the presence of an independent, unaccountable agency with strike capability makes some authorities nervous, they recognize the fact that the Frequency has the skills, the reach, more the will to act where governments cannot. As a result, the organization gets tacit approval for its activities, is sometimes called on by governments to deal with extraordinary crises; the organization acts proactively as it discovers such threats. Ellis designed the comic series like a television series with standalone "episodes", allowing the reader to begin with any issue and be able to understand what was going on; as a result, the only regular characters in the series are Miranda Zero and Aleph, with only a few other characters making a reappearance in the 12th issue of the series. This heightened the suspense for the reader, as the survival of these characters was not guaranteed; the series has been collected into two trade paperbacks. After the WildStorm imprint was discontinued, the entire series was collected under the Vertigo label in 2013.
Global Frequency Volume 1: Planet Ablaze Global Frequency Volume 2: Detonation Radio Global Frequency 2004: Nominated for "Best Limited Series" Eisner Award Mark Burnett prepared a Global Frequency television series for 2005 with Michelle Forbes as Miranda Zero, Josh Hopkins as Sean Flynn, Jenni Baird as Dr. Katrina Finch and Aimee Garcia as Aleph; the characters of Sean Flynn, an ex-policeman who accidentally stumbled on a Global Frequency mission, Katrina Finch, a brilliant scientist with expertise in multiple fields, were created for the series. Unlike the comic book, which had an ever-changing cast of field agents and Finch were to be regulars along with Zero and Aleph, with other Frequency members coming in as and when necessary in supporting roles; this would allow for the character continuity expected of a television series and yet allow other characters to be killed off as in the comic book. A pilot episode, based on the first issue of the comic book, was produced, but The WB did not commission the series.
John Rogers was the principal creative force behind the television incarnation, writing the pilot episode, with Ellis credited as producer and creator. Other writers waiting to come on board included Ben Edlund and Diego Gutierrez; the pilot was directed by Nelson McCormick. The unaired pilot was leaked onto the Internet in June 2005 and continues to be downloaded and shared via BitTorrent and other P2P networks. Although it was popular and critically acclaimed, according to Ellis himself the leaking of the pilot annoyed Warner Brothers to the extent that they killed the project. In November 2009, Production Weekly's Twitter feed revealed that a new television adaptation of Global Frequency was being worked on by The CW Television Network and writer Scott Nimerfro. In November 2014, it was announced that Fox was producing a new Global Frequency pilot, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and written by Rockne S. O'Bannon. In February 2015, bleedingcool.com revealed that Fox will not order the pilot for Global Frequency due to problems with the script.
Mania.com's main page for Global Frequency badmouth.net page on comic and pilot frequencysite.com page on original pilot, including images and plot details Global Frequency on IMDb Global Frequency at TV.com