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OK gesture

The OK or ring gesture is performed by connecting the thumb and index into a circle, holding the other fingers straight or relaxed away from the palm. Used by divers, it signifies "I am OK" or "Are you OK?" when underwater. In most English-speaking countries it denotes approval and that all is well or "okay". In other contexts or cultures, similar gestures may have different meanings or connotations including those that are negative, financial, devotional, political, or purely linguistic. Ring gestures, formed by forefinger and thumb with remaining digits extended, appear in Greece at least as early as the fifth century BCE, can be seen on painted vases as an expression of love, with thumb and forefinger mimicking kissing lips; when proffered by one person toward another in Ancient Greece, the gesture was of one professing their love for another, the sentiment was conveyed more in the touching of fingertips than in the ring that they formed. As an expression of assent and approval, the gesture can be traced back to first century Rome where the rhetorician Quintilian is recorded as having used it.

Quintilian's chironomy prescribed variations in context for the gesture's use during specific points of a speech: to open, give warning or praise or accusation, to close a declamation. Contemporaneously the sign appeared throughout the Buddhist and Hindu diasporas as a symbol of inner perfection. Ethologist Desmond Morris posits that the joined thumb-and-forefinger communicates precision in grasping something or figuratively, that the shape formed by their union represents the epitome of perfection—a circle—hence the gesture's transcultural message that things are "exactly right" or "perfect". In Naples the gesture has been long used to symbolize love and matrimony, as was custom in neighboring Greece, but with the palm upturned, while the gesture made with a downturned palm represents a hand holding the scales of justice. Across Italy the gesture remained in use as one for making points in conversation when moved about to express discursive precision, but when held still in an upright position with fingers jutting skyward, it became an emblem of perfection.

Early records of the sign's usage in the English-speaking world date to British physician-philosopher John Bulwer's 1644 Chirologia, "The naturall language of the hand composed of the speaking motions, discoursing gestures thereof." Among the many hand gestures detailed by Bulwer, he described one as "The top of the fore-finger moved to joyne with the naile of the Thumbe that's next to it, the other fingers in remitter," and said that it was "opportune for those who relate, distinguish, or approve". By the early 19th century in the United States, the gesture was affiliated with the letters "O" and "K". While it is not known how the OK gesture and the corresponding verbal expression coalesced, the English professor Allen Walker Read dates the expression's rise in usage to an 1839 humor piece in the Boston Morning Post describing the expression "o.k." as meaning "all correct," suggesting comically misspelled initials, at a time when acronyms for misspelled words were in vogue. Several other broadsheets in Boston, New York and Philadelphia ran with the expression in their own columns, some with misspellings of "all correct" such as oll korrect, bringing the phrase into the vernacular of American English.

The following year Democrats took to using the phrase and its accompanying gesture in support of president Martin Van Buren's campaign for reelection. A native of Kinderhook, New York, Van Buren was known by his nickname, "Old Kinderhook", whose initials, "O. K.", were gaining traction as an expression of approval. In New York City, fans of Van Buren formed the O. K. Democratic Club and used the gesture as its sign, with the slogan of "O. K." bearing the double meaning in the club's catchphrase, "Old Kinderhook is all correct." Both phrase and gesture made their way into newspapers around the country via political cartoons, thus further spreading the expression. After Van Buren's defeat to William Henry Harrison, O. K. was satirized as meaning "Ofrul Kalamity" or "Orful Katastrophe". Despite Van Buren's loss and the subsequent dissolution of the O. K. Democratic Club, the gesture has since been used since to mean "all is well" or "good" in the United States; as a gesture, its connotation is more positive than the word "OK," which may mean a thing is satisfactory or mediocre, as in, "The food was OK."

The gesture is understood as a signal of approval, is sometimes used synonymously with the Western "thumbs up" gesture. In the communication used by scuba divers, the OK sign is specific in its meaning that "everything is OK" as regulated by the Recreational Scuba Training Council. Divers are taught to always use this sign and not the thumbs up gesture because the latter means that a diver needs to ascend; the gesture is used as a means of checking in, with one diver using it to ask another, "Everything OK?" and the response meaning, "Yes, everything is OK."At distances where the standard OK gesture may be hard to see, divers use larger signals as an alternative, either with one hand atop the head and the elbow bent out to the side, or with both hands touching above the head so that the arms form an "O" for "OK". This full-body gesture is used as "OK" in Japan where the single-handed gesture connotes monetary transactions instead of meaning "OK"; this two-armed OK gesture was added to Unicode in 2010 under the name "Face With OK Gesture" and became part of Emoji 1.0 in 2015.

In Japan, the one-handed ring gesture is used to symbolize money, in this context the fingers' circular shape represen

New Masquerade

The New Masquerade was a Nigerian sitcom that aired on the Nigerian Television Network on Tuesday nights from 8:30pm - 9:00pm during the 1980s until the mid-1990s. It was created and written by James Iroha who acted in the sitcom, it is one of Nigeria's longest running sitcoms. The TV show started out as radio program known as The Masquerade transmitted on the East Central State Broadcasting Corporation, Enugu; the show started out a segment called Masquerade aired on In the Lighter Mood, radio program of the East Central Broadcasting Corporation. It was created after the civil war as a means to bring laughter to the homes of citizens after the devastation caused by the Nigerian Civil War; the creator was James Iroha who played Giringori on the TV show. The protagonist of the show is Chief Zebrudaya, a World War II veteran who has visited various foreign countries and he is perceived by other characters to have attained some level of sophistication and enlightenment. Many of the shows' plot take place in Zebrudaya's sitting room.

Zebrudaya has a wife, Ovularia, a daughter and two Houseboys and Giringori. Though a comedy, the show incorporate melodramatic plots about teaching morals and the consequences of some of society's problems if they are not corrected. Chika Okpala as Zebrudaya - known by his alias 4:30 is a domineering husband, he uses a mixture of Queens English, Igbo language and Pidgin English as a means of communication Lizzy Evoeme as Ovularia - Zebrudaya's wife, a submissive lady who takes care of the house and engage in petty trading. Claude Eke as Jegede Sokoya - Zeburudaya's friend whose arrogance and quest for easy money acts as a source of conflict between him and the more honest Zeburudaya, he calls himself the youngest millionaire in the universe. He likes to demonstrate his ability to speak in Queens English by using bombast or pretentious style of speaking. James Iroha as Giringori Akabogu - Houseboy, speaks in pidgin English. Iroha was the creator of the sitcom. Christy Essien-Igbokwe as Apena - Sokoya's wife.

David Ofor as Clarus - Giringory's partner as houseboy to Zebrudaya

Veljko Nikolić

Veljko Nikolić is a Serbian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Serian club Red Star Belgrade. Veljko started playing football with football school "Arena" and moved to OFK Beograd, where he passed all youth categories, he was promoted in the first team for the 2016–17 Serbian First League season. Nikolić made his senior debut for OFK Beograd on 27 August 2016, playing match against ČSK Čelarevo in 3rd fixture match of the season, he was replaced in the second half by Filip Rajevac. He played next 4 First League and a cup match against Sloboda Užice. On 4 October 2016, Nikolić signed a three-year contract with Red Star Belgrade in an €80,000 transfer from OFK Beograd; the transfer had a clause which would have given OFK Beograd 20% of the sum of Nikolić's next transfer, but Red Star purchased the last 20% of his contract for €60,000 in February 2017. Nikolić made his debut for Red Star in a friendly match Njegoš Lovćenac on 18 October 2016. On 15 March 2019, he extended his contract with Red Star to the summer of 2023.

On 20 November 2019, he made his Serbian Cup debut for Red Star in a 1-0 win against Mačva in the Round of 16. Nikolić was a member of Serbia U16 and Serbia U17 squads between 2014 and 2016. In August 2016, Nikolić was called into Serbia U19 squad for memorial tournament "Stevan Vilotić - Ćele", where he debuted in opening match against United States; as of 4 October 2016 Veljko Nikolić – UEFA competition record

Adamu Waziri

Adamu Maina Waziri was appointed Nigerian minister of Police Affairs on 6 April 2010, when Acting President Goodluck Jonathan announced his new cabinet. Waziri was born in Yobe State on 14 September 1952, he earned an MBA from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. He became a lecturer at the University of Maiduguri in 1979. Positions in private industry included Executive Director, Hydro Quest Nigeria and Chief Executive, Bogaru International. In the government, he served on the Students Loans Board, Federal Ministry of Education, was Special Assistant to the Minister of Agriculture, Senior Special Assistant to the President, Coordinator of the National Poverty Eradication program and Chairman of the Road Safety Commission, he was Executive Secretary, Petroleum Technology Development Fund between 2005 and 2006. Waziri was the People's Democratic Party Candidate for Yobe State Governor in the 2007 elections. After the election of President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua, he was appointed Minister of State in the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources.

On 29 October 2008 he was dropped in a cabinet reshuffle. Waziri was a member of the Good Governance Group led by Ken Nnamani that led the drive for the transfer of power from Umaru Yar'Adua to Jonathan

Todd Smith (singer)

James Todd Smith is a singer and founding member of the contemporary Christian music band Selah. Smith remains an original member since its founding in 1997. Smith grew up the son of missionaries in Zaire, Africa in a home built by his grandparents, missionaries to the continent since the 1930s, his grandfather worked as a dentist in the United States before moving to Zaire. Smith's father was born in Africa, but moved to Detroit, Michigan. Both Smith's grandparents died in Africa. Smith's family home burned to the ground. After the fire, his father felt a call to the mission field of Africa. Smith's father moved his mother, three siblings, himself from Detroit, Michigan to Africa, his family remained there for the next eight years. Smith has remarked. Smith gives credit for his music career to his missionary upbringing. "I've been singing in front of people since I was three," he said. "My parents are missionaries. When we came back to the United States, we had to visit each church; that was a good training ground."

Smith is married to Angie Smith and they have five daughters: Abby and her twin sister Ellie, Audrey Caroline, Charlotte. Audrey Caroline Smith was born on April 7, 2008 and died a few hours due to cardiac issues. Angie wrote two books called I Will Carry You: The Sacred Dance of Grief and Joy and What Women Fear: Walking in Faith that Transforms. Selah was formed by brother and sister and Nicol Smith, along with friend Allan Hall. Smith worked on a solo project, his debut album Alive was released on August 2004 with Curb Records. The album steered from the common sound Selah offered, better known for well integrated harmonies, singing hymns and melodic ballads. A passion for the sound of rock music was more of what Smith had in mind. Bands such as Boston, Foreigner and Genesis influenced the sound in Alive; this has been his only solo release to date. Smith continues to work with current members of Selah, their most recent album, Hope of the Broken World, was released on August 23, 2011 with Curb Records.

He recorded the solo song "Broken Praise" on the various artists compilation album Music Inspired by "The Story" and the album won the "Special Event Album of the Year" on the 43rd GMA Dove Awards in 2012. He performed the song on the awards show. Smith wrote. "I Will Carry You" is dedicated to the memory of Audrey Caroline Smith. Official website