Shelbyville is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Shelby County, United States. The population was 14,045 at the 2010 census, the grant ensured that Shelbyville rather than nearby Squire Boones Station would become the seat of Shelby County. The agricultural town was located on the west bank of Clear Creek at its confluence with Mulberry Creek and near a route between Louisville and Frankfort. The town required new residents to construct a 1½-story log cabin with a chimney, by 1795, there were forty of these and, by 1800. New lots were platted in 1803,1815, and 1816, james College after the Civil War, and closed in 1871, replaced by a public elementary school. The Louisville and Shelbyville Turnpike was completed in the 1830s, following a path between the two sites dating back to the Indians. Late in the Civil War, on August 24,1864, Confederate guerillas under local sympathizer Capt. Dave Martin attacked the Shelby County Courthouse, the local merchant Thomas McGrath and tailor J. H.
Masonheimer fought them off, killing three of Martins men. A black man named Owen was killed in the exchange, the men roamed Shelby and its surrounding counties, persecuting Confederate guerrillas and Southern sympathizers. The Shelbyville trustees aimed to encourage them to close to the city, though. On May 10, Terrell and his men found Quantrills raiders at a barn outside Wakefield in Spencer Co. and fatally shot their leader. The city came out to cheer the men upon their return, the threat of raiding over, the blockhouse was demolished by September. By that time, Capt. Terrell and his lieutenant Harry Thompson had murdered and robbed an Illinois stock merchant named William R. Johnson, over the next year, the local jury could not return a verdict. Terrell was transferred to Taylorsville to be tried for a separate shooting, taken to Louisville, Terrell avoided trial owing to the gravity of his wound and returned home to Harrisonville in October. On the 23rd of that month, Harry Thompson broke jail as well and, according to lore, fled to Texas.
The surgery in 1867 to remove the bullet from Terrells back was unsuccessful, the agricultural community – principally producing corn, tobacco, wheat and beef – experienced a boom after the war. The Shelby Railroad Company connected the town to Anchorage in 1870, reaching the mainline of the Louisville, downtown Shelbyville expanded and gained many large, ornate buildings, especially during the rebuilding following a large fire in 1909. The oldest remaining banks were organized during this time, the late 19th Century saw a public water system and libraries brought to the town. Following the Spanish–American War,116 men from Shelbyville made up Company C of the 161st Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry and they were stationed at Camp Columbia just outside Havana from December 17,1898, until March 29,1899
Bardstown is a home rule-class city in Nelson County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was recorded as 11,700 by the 2010 census and it is the county seat of Nelson County. It is named for the pioneering Bard brothers, david Bard obtained a 1,000 acres land grant in 1785 in what was Jefferson County, Virginia from Governor Patrick Henry. William Bard surveyed and platted the town and it was originally chartered as Bairds Town. First settled by European Americans in 1780, Bardstown is the second oldest city in Kentucky, named county seat of the newly created Nelson County, Virginia in 1784, the town was formally established in 1788. It was incorporated by the assembly in 1838. The Diocese of Bardstown was established on February 8,1808, by Pope Pius VII and this divided the previous all-encompassing Diocese of Baltimore, established in 1789. This area is now served by 44 dioceses and archdioceses in 10 states, the Bardstown cathedral is the Basilica of Saint Joseph Proto-Cathedral.
In 1841 the seat of the Diocese was transferred to the larger river town. Bardstown has a Roman Catholic parochial high school, Bethlehem High School, the Old Talbott Tavern, built in 1779 and located just off the Courthouse Square in the center of Bardstown, is part of the citys rich history. Several notable Americans passed through the doors, including famed frontiersman Daniel Boone and future 16th President. Bullet holes in a wall are reputed to have been shot by Jesse James. People claim to have encountered ghosts or other paranormal activity at the tavern, Bardstown is the site of My Old Kentucky Home State Park. Federal Hill is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter issued by the United States Mint in 2002, several distilleries operate in and around the Bardstown area, including Jim Beam, Heaven Hill, Barton 1792 and Makers Mark, which is located in nearby Loretto. The regional production of bourbon is celebrated by the annual Kentucky Bourbon Festival, whose promoters have trademarked the phrase, Bourbon Capital of the World, the local tourism commission promotes the use of the trademarked phrase.
A public museum, the Oscar Getz Museum of Whiskey, showcases this aspect of local history, Bardstowns downtown area is designated as a historic district and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2012, Bardstown was voted as The Most Beautiful Small Town in America in the Destination Marketing Association Internationals Best of the Road competition, Bardstown is located at 32°48′56″N 85°27′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 7.4 square miles
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the Senate, composes the legislature of the United States. The composition and powers of the House are established by Article One of the United States Constitution, since its inception in 1789, all representatives are elected popularly. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435, the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration. The presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the members thereof and is traditionally the leader of the controlling party. He or she and other leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conferences. The House meets in the wing of the United States Capitol. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a body in which each state was equally represented. All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates, the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
The House is referred to as the house, with the Senate being the upper house. Both houses approval is necessary for the passage of legislation, the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, the Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4,1789. The House began work on April 1,1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time, during the first half of the 19th century, the House was frequently in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery. The North was much more populous than the South, and therefore dominated the House of Representatives, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery, One example of a provision repeatedly supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War.
Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, the war culminated in the Souths defeat and in the abolition of slavery. Because all southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, the years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Unions victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877, the ensuing era, the Democratic and the Republican Party held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw an increase in the power of the Speaker of the House
Richard Mentor Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson was the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren. He is the vice president ever elected by the United States Senate under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment. Johnson represented Kentucky in the U. S. House of Representatives and Senate, he began, Johnson was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives in 1806. He became allied with fellow Kentuckian Henry Clay as a member of the War Hawks faction that favored war with Britain in 1812. At the outset of the War of 1812, Johnson was commissioned a colonel in the Kentucky Militia and he and his brother James served under William Henry Harrison in Upper Canada. Johnson participated in the Battle of the Thames, some reported that he personally killed the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, which he used to his political advantage. After the war, Johnson returned to the House of Representatives, the legislature appointed him to the Senate in 1819 to fill the seat vacated by John J.
Crittenden. As his prominence grew, his relationship with Julia Chinn. It worked against his political ambitions, unlike other upper class leaders who had African American mistresses but never mentioned them, Johnson openly treated Chinn as his common law wife. He acknowledged their two daughters as his children, giving them his surname, much to the consternation of some of his constituents. The relationship is believed to have led to the loss of his Senate seat in 1829, in 1836, Johnson was the Democratic nominee for vice-president on a ticket with Martin Van Buren. Campaigning with the slogan Rumpsey Dumpsey, Rumpsey Dumpsey, Colonel Johnson killed Tecumseh, virginias delegation to the Electoral College went against the states popular vote and refused to endorse Johnson, abstaining instead. However, he was elected to the office by the Senate, Johnson proved such a liability for the Democrats in the 1836 election that they refused to renominate him for vice-president in 1840. President Van Buren campaigned for re-election without a running mate and he lost to William Henry Harrison, a Whig.
Johnson tried to return to office but was defeated. He finally was elected to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1850, Richard Mentor Johnson was born on October 17,1780, the fifth of Robert and Jemima Johnsons eleven children. At the time, the family was living in the newly founded settlement of Beargrass, near present-day Louisville, by 1782, the Johnsons had moved to Bryans Station in Fayette County. Johnsons mother was considered among the women of the community because of her actions during Simon Girtys raid on Bryans Station in August 1782
The River Raisin is a river in southeastern Michigan, United States that flows through glacial sediments into Lake Erie. The area today is an agricultural and industrial center of Michigan, French settlers named it as La Rivière aux Raisins because of the wild grapes growing along its banks, since the French word for grape is raisin. The French term for raisin is raisin sec, the River Raisin was used by local Potawatomi and Wyandot peoples, who used a portage between the upper river to gain access into the Grand and Kalamazoo rivers flowing west toward Lake Michigan. The river is classified as canoeable throughout its length. But, low gradient, access issues, frequent logjams in the upper reaches and 22 dams on the mainstream limit its recreational use, now part of Monroe, this area is still the most populous area along the river. The resort area of Irish Hills lies in the uppermost region of the watershed, the largest of these is the 800-acre Lake Columbia. During the winter of 1813 as part of the War of 1812, cut off and surrounded and facing total slaughter, Winchester surrendered with British assurances of safety of the prisoners.
The British marched those who could walk to Detroit, but the next day, many of the severely wounded prisoners left in Frenchtown were killed by the Native Americans allies of the British. The Massacre of the River Raisin became a rallying cry particularly for Kentuckians, United States troops returned in the spring to drive the British from Michigan forever. The original battlefield was preserved for years as a county park in Monroe, Michigan, on October 12,2010, the land was transferred to the federal government. By Congressional authorization, it is now the only National Battlefield Park devoted to a battlefield of the War of 1812 - the River Raisin National Battlefield Park, since industrialization and intensified agriculture, the river has been polluted by industrial wastes and agricultural runoff. While cleanup efforts have mitigated some of the pollution, difficult-to-remove PCBs continue to constitute a hazardous waste, environmental authorities advise people not to eat some species of fish from the river, if taken below the outlet of the Monroe Dam.
The river has many dams to control water flow. This is a legacy of the paper mills constructed along it in the mid-1800s during the lumber boom. While most of the dams are in Monroe, the most significant one is located in Dundee, the Port of Monroe was constructed near the mouth of the river in the 1930s, during the Great Depression. Flooding along the river comes from three causes, heavy rains, ice dams during spring break-up, and on-shore winds pushing Lake Erie waters upstream. The worst flood was recorded on March 16,1982 at 15,300 cu ft/s, flooding affects mostly the lowest portions of the river. In contrast on July 13,1988 during a severe drought, most of the flow of the river is diverted through the Detroit Edison plant and discharged into Plum Creek
Simpsonville is a home rule-class city in Shelby County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 2,484 during the 2010 U. S. Census, simpsonville is located at 38°13′6″N 85°21′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 1.3 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,281 people,489 households, the population density was 980.9 people per square mile. There were 517 housing units at a density of 395.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85. 87% White,6. 01% African American,0. 47% Native American,0. 55% Asian,5. 62% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 7. 49% of the population. 23. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was out with 30. 7% under the age of 18,6. 7% from 18 to 24,38. 1% from 25 to 44,16. 5% from 45 to 64. The median age was 32 years, for every 100 females there were 91.5 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males, the median income for a household in the city was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $52,560. Males had an income of $34,688 versus $27,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,443, about 7. 7% of families and 6. 5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6. 3% of those under age 18 and 7. 2% of those age 65 or over. Outlet Shoppes of the Bluegrass Official website
Captain (United States O-3)
In the United States Army, U. S. Marine Corps, and U. S. Air Force, captain is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3. It ranks above first lieutenant and below major and it is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the naval rank system. The insignia for the rank consists of two bars, with slight stylized differences between the Army/Air Force version and the Marine Corps version. Promotion to captain is governed by Department of Defense policies derived from the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act of 1980, DOPMA guidelines suggest 95% of first lieutenants should be promoted to captain after serving a minimum of two years at their present rank. A U. S. Army and U. S. Marine captain generally commands company-sized units, when given such a command, they bear the title company commander. Captains instruct at service schools and combat training centers and are often staff officers at the battalion level, Marine captains serve as officer selection officers, commanding recruiting stations for commissioned officers. A U. S.
Air Force captains authority varies by group assignment, in an operations group, senior captains may be flight commanders while more junior captains may be heads of departments. In the maintenance or logistics and mission support groups they are almost always flight commanders, in the medical group, captains usually have limited administrative and command responsibility as captain is frequently the entry-level rank for most medical officers and dental officers. In Army and Air Force medical units, captain is the rank for those possessing a medical degree. U. S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha and MARSOCs 14-man Marine Special Operations Teams are commanded by a captain, United States Army officer rank insignia United States Air Force enlisted rank insignia DA Pamphlet 600–3, Commissioned Officer Professional Development and Career Management
Virginia is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, as well as in the historic Southeast. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, the capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond, Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealths estimated population as of 2014 is over 8.3 million, the areas history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony, slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colonys early politics and plantation economy. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government was ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States in both 2005 and 2008 and it is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms.
Virginias economy changed from agricultural to industrial during the 1960s and 1970s. Virginia has an area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water. Virginias boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. C. extends to the mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, the border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U. S. Supreme Court. The Chesapeake Bay separates the portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginias Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the river valleys of the Susquehanna River. Many of Virginias rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock and James, the Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay, the Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era.
The region, known for its clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville. The Blue Ridge Mountains are a province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state. The Ridge and Valley region is west of the mountains and includes the Great Appalachian Valley, the region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, in this region, rivers flow northwest, with a dendritic drainage system, into the Ohio River basin
William Logan (Kentuckian)
William Logan was a United States Senator from Kentucky. Born within the fort at Harrodsburg, Logan spent his childhood in St. Asaphs Fort, receiving private instruction from his parents. He moved to Shelby County about 1798 and he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced. He was delegate to Kentuckys constitutional convention in 1799 and worked as a commissioner in siting the new Barren Countys seat of government the same year. Logan was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1803 to 1806 and again in 1808 and he was a judge of the court of appeals from 1808 to 1812. He was an elector in 1808,1812, and 1816. Logan was elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate, Logan died at his residence in Shelby County and was interred in the Logan family burial ground near Shelbyville. This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http, //bioguide. congress. gov
Detroit is the most populous city in the U. S. state of Michigan, the fourth-largest city in the Midwest and the largest city on the United States–Canada border. It is the seat of Wayne County, the most populous county in the state, the municipality of Detroit had a 2015 estimated population of 677,116, making it the 21st-most populous city in the United States. Roughly one-half of Michigans population lives in Metro Detroit alone, the Detroit–Windsor area, a commercial link straddling the Canada–U. S. Border, has a population of about 5.7 million. Detroit is a port on the Detroit River, a strait that connects the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The Detroit Metropolitan Airport is among the most important hubs in the United States, the City of Detroit anchors the second-largest economic region in the Midwest, behind Chicago, and the thirteenth-largest in the United States. Detroit and its neighboring Canadian city Windsor are connected through a tunnel and various bridges, Detroit was founded on July 24,1701 by the French explorer and adventurer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac and a party of settlers.
During the 19th century, it became an important industrial hub at the center of the Great Lakes region, with expansion of the American automobile industry in the early 20th century, the Detroit area emerged as a significant metropolitan region within the United States. The city became the fourth-largest in the country for a period, in the 1950s and 1960s, suburban expansion continued with construction of a regional freeway system. A great portion of Detroits public transport was abandoned in favour of becoming a city in the post-war period. Due to industrial restructuring and loss of jobs in the auto industry, between 2000 and 2010 the citys population fell by 25 percent, changing its ranking from the nations 10th-largest city to 18th. In 2010, the city had a population of 713,777 and this resulted from suburbanization, industrial restructuring and the decline of Detroits auto industry. In 2013, the state of Michigan declared an emergency for the city. Detroit has experienced urban decay as its population and jobs have shifted to its suburbs or elsewhere, conservation efforts managed to save many architectural pieces since the 2000s and allowed several large-scale revitalisations.
More recently, the population of Downtown Detroit, Midtown Detroit, paleo-Indian people inhabited areas near Detroit as early as 11,000 years ago. In the 17th century, the region was inhabited by Huron, Potawatomi, for the next hundred years, virtually no British, colonist, or French action was contemplated without consultation with, or consideration of the Iroquois likely response. When the French and Indian War evicted the Kingdom of France from Canada, the 1798 raids and resultant 1799 decisive Sullivan Expedition reopened the Ohio Country to westward emigration, which began almost immediately, and by 1800 white settlers were pouring westwards. By 1773, the population of Detroit was 1,400, by 1778, its population was up to 2,144 and it was the third-largest city in the Province of Quebec
Frankfort is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. Based on population, it is the fifth-smallest state capital in the United States and it is a home rule-class city in Kentucky, the population was 25,527 at the 2010 census. Located along the Kentucky River, Frankfort is the city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Frankfort likely received its name from an event that took place in the 1780s, American Indians attacked a group of early European-American pioneers from Bryan Station, who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. Pioneer Stephen Frank was killed, and the settlers called the crossing Franks Ford. This name was elided to Frankfort, in 1786, James Wilkinson purchased the 260-acre tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River, which developed as downtown Frankfort. He was a promoter of Frankfort as the state capital. After Kentucky became the 15th state in early 1792, five commissioners from various counties were appointed on June 20 to choose a location for the capital and they were John Allen and John Edwards, Henry Lee, Thomas Kennedy, and Robert Todd.
A number of communities competed for this honor, but Frankfort won, Frankfort had a United States post office by 1794, with Daniel Weisiger as postmaster. John Brown, a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home now called Liberty Hall in Frankfort in 1796, before Kentuckys statehood, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and the U. S. Congress. While in Congress, he introduced the bill granting statehood to Kentucky, after statehood, he was elected by the state legislature as one of the states U. S. Senators. In 1796, the Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor, the Old Governors Mansion is claimed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States. In 1829, Gideon Shryock designed the Old Capitol, Kentuckys third and it served Kentucky as its capitol from 1830 to 1910. The separate settlement known as South Frankfort was annexed by the city in January 3,1850, during the American Civil War, the Union Army built fortifications overlooking Frankfort on what is now called Fort Hill.
The Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a time starting from September 3,1862. On February 3,1900 Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol on the way to his inauguration, former Secretary of State Caleb Powers was found guilty of a conspiracy to murder Goebel. Frankfort has grown considerably since the 1960s, a modern addition to the State Office Building was completed in 1967. The original building was completed in the 1930s on the location of the former Kentucky State Penitentiary, some of the stone from the old prison was used for the walls surrounding the office building
Legion of the United States
The Legion of the United States was a reorganization and extension of the United States Army from 1792 to 1796 under the command of Major General Anthony Wayne. The impetus for the legion came from General Arthur St. Clairs disastrous defeat at the Battle of the Wabash by Blue Jacket, the Founding Fathers had been suspicious of standing armies, believing that the militia would be suited to all the nations defensive needs. However, the defeat of St. Clair and his predecessor, Josiah Harmar, whose forces were drawn principally from state militias, after consulting with his cabinet, he picked Wayne to lead the new professional army, although Washington originally considered him too vain. Congress agreed with this proposal and agreed to augment the small standing army until the United States shall be at peace with the Indian tribes, the legion was composed of four sub-legions, each commanded by a lieutenant colonel. These sub-legions were self-contained units with two battalions of infantry, a battalion, a troop of dragoons and a battery of artillery.
With their combined arms organization, the sub-legions can be seen as forerunners of todays brigade combat teams, the legion was recruited and raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was eventually divided into four sub-legions and these were created from elements of the 1st and 2nd Regiments of the US Army. These units became the First and Second Sub-Legions, the Third and Fourth Sub-Legions were raised from further recruits. From June 1792 to November 1792, the legion remained cantoned at Fort LaFayette in Pittsburgh, the legion moved to the United States Militarys first basic training facility at Legionville in western Pennsylvania on the banks of the Ohio River. The frontier fort was built on the orders of General Anthony Wayne, General Wayne established various forts along his line of march to ensure adequate re-supply, and garrisoned these forts with freshly trained legionnaires. The Legion of the United States was engaged in attacks on their convoys as the expedition pushed further into Native American strongholds.
For a period of three years, starting on June 25,1792, Fort Jefferson, along with the Legion ammunition supply trains en route to the fort, were under constant siege by native forces. After Major McMahon was killed and the rest of the fled to the protection within the fort. Fortunately, for the defenders, most of the men, approximately 125 soldiers, were expert riflemen, Fort Recovery had artillery support to back them up. The battle raged for two days, but the fort was never taken, some scholars believe there were more native warriors involved in the attack of Fort Recovery than at the climatic Battle of Fallen Timbers. The most notable engagement in which the legion participated was the Battle of Fallen Timbers, near present-day Toledo, as the legions front was attacked by the Indians, the troops closed quickly and pressed with the bayonet. The Indian forces could not hold the force of the attack and broke. The British in Fort Miami refused to open the gates and the survivors were essentially on their own, although a short battle, Fallen Timbers was the culmination of an arduous campaign and owes its success to the intense training and discipline of the Legion of the United States