John Smith (Chancellor of the Exchequer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

John Smith (1656–1723) of Tedworth House, Hampshire, was an English politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1678 and 1723. He served as Speaker and twice as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

John Smith.

Early life[edit]

Smith was the fourth, but only surviving son of John Smith of Tedworth House South Tidworth, Hampshire and his wife Mary Wright, daughter of Sir Edmund Wright, alderman, of London. His sister Anne married Sir Samuel Dashwood, MP and Lord Mayor of London. He matriculated at St John's College, Oxford, on 18 May 1672, aged 16, and was admitted at the Middle Temple in 1674.[1] He married Anne Steward daughter of Sir Nicholas Steward, 1st Baronet, of Hartley Mauditt, Hampshire on 1 September 1679. However Anne died in 1680 and he married secondly Anne Strickland, daughter of Sir Thomas Strickland of Boynton, Yorkshire by licence dated 7 November 1683. His father died in 1690 and he succeeded to his estate and then to the estate of his uncle Thomas Smith in 1692.

Political career[edit]

Smith was a moderate Whig. He was first elected as Member of Parliament for Ludgershall at a contest in February 1679, but was defeated in the second election of the year in August. He stood again in 1681, and there was a double return, which was not resolved before the end of that Parliament. In 1689 he was returned unopposed as MP for Ludgershall. [2]

Tedworth House

Smith was returned as MP for Bere Alston at a by-election on 15 December 1691. In 1694 he was appointed as a Lord of the Treasury and became a Privy Councillor on 23 May 1695. At the 1695 general election he was returned unopposed as MP for Andover. From 1695 to 1697 he was a Commissioner for Prize Appeals. He was returned unopposed again as MP for Andover at the 1698 general election. On 2 June 1699 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was elected as MP for Andover again at the first general election of 1701, but although he was asked to continue as Chancellor, felt uncomfortable in a changed Parliament and resigned on 27 March 1701. In the second general election of 1701 and in that of 1702 he was re-elected MP for Andover. He was returned unopposed for Andover at the 1705 general election and was chosen as Speaker of the House of Commons in 1705. In 1706 he was a Commissioner for the Union with Scotland, and was the last Speaker of the House of Commons of England and after the Acts of Union 1707, became the first Speaker of the new House of Commons of Great Britain. At the 1708 general election Smith was returned unopposed as MP for Andover, and subsequently gave up his position as Speaker, when he was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer again on 22 April 1708. He ceased to be Chancellor on the 11 August 1710 on the dissolution of Parliament and was returned unopposed for Andover at the 1710 general election. He was then appointed to the lucrative post of Teller of the Exchequer. He refused to stand for Parliament at the 1713 general election, offended by suggestions that the ministry had him under control. His post of Teller of the Exchequer was renewed in 1714 and he held it for the rest of his life.[3]

Smith was returned as Member of Parliament for East Looe at the general elections in 1715 and 1722.[4]

Death and legacy[edit]

Smith died on 2 October 1723 and was buried in the old church at South Tidworth. He and his second wife had four sons and three daughters, including Mary Smith and Anne Smith, Lady Grant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Foster, Joseph. "'Smith-Sowton', in Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714, ed. Joseph Foster (Oxford, 1891), pp. 1368-1394". British History Online. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  2. ^ "SMITH, John (c.1656-1723), of South Tidworth, Hants". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  3. ^ "SMITH, John I (c.1655-1723), of South Tidworth,". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  4. ^ "SMITH, John (?1655-1723), of South Tidworth, Hants". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 17 May 2013.
Attribution
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Montagu
Chancellor of the Exchequer of England
1699–1701
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Boyle
Preceded by
Robert Harley
Speaker of the House of Commons of England
1705–1706
Succeeded by
last incumbent
Preceded by
first incumbent
Speaker of the House of Commons of Great Britain
1707–1708
Succeeded by
Richard Onslow
Preceded by
Hon. Henry Boyle
Chancellor of the Exchequer of Great Britain
1708–1710
Succeeded by
Robert Harley
Preceded by
James Vernon
Teller of the Exchequer
1710–1712
Succeeded by
The Lord Mansel
Preceded by
The Lord Mansel
Teller of the Exchequer
1714–1723
Vacant
Title next held by
George Treby
Parliament of England
Preceded by
William Ashburnham
George Legge
Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
1679
With: Thomas Neale
Succeeded by
Thomas Neale
John Garrard
Preceded by
Henry Clerke
Thomas Neale
Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
1689–1690
With: John Deane
Succeeded by
John Deane
Thomas Neale
Preceded by
Sir Francis Drake
John Swinfen
Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
1691–1695
With: John Swinfen 1691–1694
Sir Henry Hobart 1694–1695
Succeeded by
John Elwill
Sir Henry Hobart
Preceded by
Francis Powlett
John Pollen
Member of Parliament for Andover
1695–1707
With: Sir Robert Smyth 1695–1698
Anthony Henley 1698–1701
Francis Shepheard 1701–1707
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Andover
1707–1713
With: Francis Shepheard 1707–1708
William Guidott 1708–1713
Succeeded by
William Guidott
Sir Ambrose Crowley
Preceded by
Sir Charles Hedges
Edward Jennings
Member of Parliament for East Looe
1715–1724
With: Sir James Bateman 1715–1718
Horatio Walpole 1718–1722
William Lowndes 1722–1724
Succeeded by
Viscount Malpas
William Lowndes