Star Wars is an American epic space-opera media franchise created by George Lucas. The franchise began with the eponymous 1977 film and became a worldwide pop-culture phenomenon; the first film subtitled Episode IV – A New Hope, was followed by two successful sequels, Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back and Episode VI – Return of the Jedi. A subsequent prequel trilogy, consisting of Episode I – The Phantom Menace, Episode II – Attack of the Clones and Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, completed what Lucas called the "tragedy of Darth Vader". A sequel trilogy began with Episode VII – The Force Awakens, continued with Episode VIII – The Last Jedi, will end with Episode IX – The Rise of Skywalker in 2019; the first eight films were commercially successful. Together with the theatrical spin-off films Rogue One and Solo, the series has a combined box office revenue of over US$9 billion, is the second-highest-grossing film franchise; the film series has spawned into other media, including television series, video games, comics, theme park attractions and themed areas, resulting in a detailed fictional universe.
Star Wars holds a Guinness World Records title for the "Most successful film merchandising franchise". In 2018, the total value of the Star Wars franchise was estimated at US$65 billion, it is the fifth-highest-grossing media franchise of all time; the Star Wars franchise depicts the adventures of characters "A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away...." in which many species of aliens co-exist with droids who may assist them in their daily routines, space travel between planets is common due to hyperspace technology. The rises and falls of different governments are chronicled throughout the saga: the democratic Republic is corrupted and overthrown by the Galactic Empire, fought by the Rebel Alliance; the Rebellion gives rise to the New Republic and rebuilds society, but the remnants of the Empire reform as the First Order and attempt to destroy the Republic. Heroes of the former rebellion lead the Resistance against the oppressive dictatorship. A mystical power known as "the Force" is described in the original film as "an energy field created by all living things... binds the galaxy together."
Those whom "the Force is strong with" have quick reflexes. The Force is wielded by two major knighthood orders at conflict with each other: the Jedi, who act on the light side of the Force through non-attachment and arbitration, the Sith, who use the dark side through fear and aggression; the latter's members are intended to be limited to two: their apprentice. The Star Wars film series centers on a trilogy of trilogies, they were produced non-chronologically, with Episodes IV–VI being released between 1977 and 1983, Episodes I–III being released between 1999 and 2005, Episodes VII–IX, the first Star Wars films to be made without Lucas's direct involvement, being released between 2015 and 2019. Each trilogy focuses on a generation of the Force-sensitive Skywalker family; the original trilogy depict the heroic development of Luke Skywalker, the prequels tell of his father Anakin's fall from grace, the sequels introduce Luke's nephew and Anakin's grandson, Kylo Ren. A theatrical animated film, The Clone Wars, was released as a pilot to a TV series of the same name.
They were among the last projects overseen by George Lucas before the franchise was sold to Disney in 2012. An anthology series set between the main episodes entered development in parallel to the production of the sequel trilogy, described by Disney CFO Jay Rasulo as origin stories; the first entry, Rogue One, tells the story of the rebels who steal the Death Star plans directly before Episode IV. Solo: A Star Wars Story focuses on Han Solo's backstory featuring Chewbacca and Lando Calrissian. Two spin-off trilogies have been announced: one by Episode VIII's director Rian Johnson and the other by Game of Thrones creators David Benioff and D. B. Weiss. Prequel trilogy Original trilogy Sequel trilogy In 1971, George Lucas wanted to film an adaptation of the Flash Gordon serial, but couldn't obtain the rights, so he began developing his own space opera. After directing American Graffiti, he wrote a two-page synopsis titled Journal of the Whills, which 20th Century Fox decided to invest in. By 1974, he had expanded the story into the first draft of a screenplay.
The subsequent movie's success led Lucas to make it the basis of an elaborate film serial. With the backstory he created for the sequel, Lucas decided that the series would be a trilogy of trilogies. Most of the main cast would return for the two additional installments of the original trilogy, which were self-financed by Lucasfilm. Star Wars was released on May 25, 1977 and first called Episode IV – A New Hope in the 1979 book The Art of Star Wars. Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back was released on May 21, 1980 achieving wide financial and critical success; the final film in the trilogy, Episode VI – Return of the Jedi was released on May 25, 1983. The story of the original trilogy focuses on Luke Skywalker's quest to become a Jedi, his struggle with the evil Imperial agent Darth Vader, the struggle of the Rebel Alliance to free the galaxy from the clutches of the Empire. According to producer Gary Kurtz, lo
Buster was a British comic which carried a mixture of humour and adventure strips, although the former replaced the latter. It was published by IPC Magazines Ltd. There were weeks worth of issues due to strikes. There were 1,902 issues in total; the title character, whose strip appeared on the front cover, was Buster himself. He was billed as Buster: Son of Andy Capp. In early issues Buster referred to his father, Andy was seen in the comic. Buster's mum was referred to by name, was drawn to resemble Andy's wife Flo; the connection with Andy Capp was forgotten over time, Andy no longer appeared in the strip by the mid-1960s. From 1965 the strip instead featured Buster in two long-running series: as lead character in the durable "Buster's Diary" and in "Buster's Dream World". A Swedish edition of Buster began in 1967. At first, most of the material was taken from the UK edition. See Buster for more information. In its final years, the comic consisted of reprints from either Buster itself or from the twelve comics which had merged with it over its 40-year run.
The final strip was written by the last cartoonist for J. Edward Oliver; the last page of that final issue revealed how every story in the comic ended in a humorous reversal of the obvious, or expected, manner. In March 2009, Egmont UK announced they were intending to publish four one-off specials, celebrating the comics Roy of the Rovers, Battle and Misty. To mark this event, the website BusterComic.co.uk held a poll in which users could vote for their favourite Buster strip. The results were released in May 2009, with "X Ray Specs"; this was passed onto Egmont, the special was due for release on 16 September 2009. Misty and Buster had their release dates swapped, the Buster special was released on 9 December 2009. On 19 March 2012, the Royal Mail launched a special stamp collection to celebrate Britain's rich comic book history; the collection featured The Beano, The Dandy, The Topper, Roy of the Rovers, Buster, Twinkle and 2000 AD. In August 2016 Rebellion Purchased The IPC/Fleetway comics back catalogue of British comics and characters and in July 2017 published Buster classic The leopard from Lime St.
With other Buster strips Marney the fox to follow in October and Faceache in December 2017,with other comics characters from the pages of Scream going to be published in what is the resurgence of British Comics. As occurred with other British comics such as The Dandy, many other comics merged with Buster over the years, in consequence of which Buster inherited some of their characters: Radio Fun - which itself had merged with The Wonder. Film Fun - which itself had merged with Picture Fun, Kinema Comic, Film Picture Stories, Illustrated Chips and Top Spot; the Big One Giggle Jet Cor!! Monster Fun Jackpot School Fun Nipper Oink! Whizzer and Chips - which itself had absorbed Whoopee!, Scouse Mouse and Knockout Here is a list of how the strips came to an end in the final issue: Benny Bones of Lazy Bones tells the doctor that he is suffering from insomnia. Joker reveals. Chalky is arrested for vandalism. Captain Crucial has a bad hair day. Odd Ball bursts. Sweet Tooth suffers from tooth decay. Tom Thug is horrified to discover that he has passed his exams with flying colours, meaning he is no longer a brainless bully.
Bernie Banks of Memory Banks dies. Junior Rotter becomes the Prime Minister. Tony Broke is happy because his parents have won 90 squillion pounds on the National Lottery, making Tony and his family mega-rich. Ivor Lott has broken down in tears because his father has lost all of his money investing in the Buster comic, making Ivor and his family poor. Thus, Ivor Lott and Tony Broke have swapped places, with Tony being rich and Ivor being poor. Melvyn of Melvyn's Mirror breaks the mirror, resulting in seven years' bad luck, but in Mirrorland, it's the opposite, but it means that Melvyn will never see his family again and will be stuck in Mirrorland forever. Bobby of Bobby's Ghoul has grown old, so his ghoul-friend breaks up with him. Watford Gapp can't think of a word rhyming with "oblige", so he cannot finish his poem. Fuss Pot is too fussy to appear in the comic. Ray of X-Ray Specs has his specs taken back by I. Squint, the optician because he says that he only lent Ray the specs in 1975, that he couldn't keep them.
Jon and Suzy of Double Trouble have started to like each other
Mark Waid is an American comic book writer, known for his work on titles for DC Comics such as The Flash, Kingdom Come and Superman: Birthright, for his work on Captain America, Fantastic Four, Daredevil for Marvel Comics. From August 2007 to December 2010, Waid served as Editor-in-Chief, Chief Creative Officer of Boom! Studios, where he wrote titles such as Irredeemable and The Traveler. Waid was born in Alabama, he has stated that his comics work was influenced by Adventure Comics #369–370, the two-part "Legion of Super-Heroes" story by Jim Shooter and Mort Weisinger that introduced the villain Mordru, was "a blueprint for everything I write." Waid entered the comics field during the mid-1980s as an editor and writer on Fantagraphics Books' comic book fan magazine, Amazing Heroes. Waid's first comic book story "The Puzzle of the Purloined Fortress", an eight-page Superman story, was published in Action Comics #572. In 1987, Waid was hired as an editor for DC Comics where he worked on such titles as Action Comics, Doom Patrol, Inc.
Legion of Super-Heroes, Secret Origins, Wonder Woman, as well as various one-shots including Batman: Gotham by Gaslight. With Gotham by Gaslight, in tandem with writer Brian Augustyn, Waid co-created DC's "Elseworlds" franchise. In 1989 Waid left editorial work for freelance writing assignments, he worked for DC's short-lived Impact Comics line where he wrote The Comet and scripted dialogue for Legend of the Shield. In 1992 Waid began the assignment which would bring him to wider recognition in the comics industry, when he was hired to write The Flash by editor Brian Augustyn. Waid stayed on the title for an eight-year run, he wrote a Metamorpho limited series in 1993 and created the Impulse character in The Flash #92. Impulse was launched into his own series in April 1995 by artist Humberto Ramos. In November of that same year and Howard Porter collaborated on the Underworld Unleashed limited series, which served as the center of a company-wide crossover storyline, his first major project for Marvel Comics was as one of the writers of the "Age of Apocalypse" crossover.
He co-created the Onslaught character for the X-Men line. Marvel editors Ralph Macchio and Mark Gruenwald hired him as Gruenwald's successor as writer of Captain America, during which Waid was paired with artist Ron Garney. Waid and Garney garnered critical praise for their run on the title, remaining on it until the title was relaunched with a different creative team as part of the 1996–1997 "Heroes Reborn" storyline. Rob Liefeld offered Waid the opportunity to script Captain America over plots and artwork by his studio, but Waid declined; that storyline ran a full year, after which Waid and Garney returned to the title for another relaunched series, Captain America volume 3, issues #1–23. Waid wrote the short-lived spin-off series Captain America: Sentinel of Liberty from 1998–1999, having written 10 of the 12 issues. In 1996, Waid and artist Alex Ross produced the graphic novel Kingdom Come; this story, set in the future of the DC Universe, depicted the fate of Superman, Wonder Woman, other heroes as the world around them changed.
It was written in reaction to the "gritty" comics of the 1980s and 1990s. DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz observed that "Waid's deep knowledge of the heroes' pasts served them well, Ross' unique painted art style made a powerful statement about the reality of the world they built." Many of the ideas introduced in Kingdom Come were integrated into the present-day DC Universe, Waid himself wrote a follow-up to the series, The Kingdom. Waid and writer Grant Morrison collaborated on a number of projects that would reestablish DC's Justice League to prominence. Waid's contributions included JLA: Year One, as well as work on the ongoing series; the two writers developed the concept of Hypertime to explain problems with continuity in the DC Universe. Waid collaborated with artists Bryan Hitch and Paul Neary on JLA and the JLA: Heaven's Ladder one-shot. In 2000, Waid wrote a series named Empire with Barry Kitson, whose protagonist was a Doctor Doom-like supervillain named Golgoth who had defeated all superheroes and conquered the world.
The series was published by Gorilla Comics, a company formed by Waid, Kurt Busiek and several others, but the company folded after only two issues were published. Empire was completed under the DC Comics label in 2003 and 2004. Waid wrote the first year of Crossgen's Ruse series. Waid began an acclaimed run as writer of Marvel's Fantastic Four in 2002 with his former Flash artist Mike Wieringo, with Marvel releasing their debut issue, Fantastic Four vol. 3 #60 at the promotional price of 9 cents U. S. By June 2003, Marvel publisher Bill Jemas tried to convince Waid to abandon his "high-adventure" approach to the series, making the book into, in Waid's words, "a wacky suburban dramedy where Reed's a nutty professor who creates amazing but impractical inventions, Sue's the office-temp breadwinner, the cranky neighbor is their new'arch-enemy,' etc." Waid, who felt that this was too much of a departure from what he had been hired to write declined. After some discussion with editor Tom Brevoort, Waid found a way to make the requested changes, but by the decision had been made to fire Waid and Wieringo from the series.
The resulting fan backlash led to Wieringo's reinstatement on the title by that September. Waid and Wieringo completed their run on Fantastic Four with issue #524, by which time the relaunched series had returned to its original numbering. In 2003 Waid wrote the origin of the "modern" Superman with Superman: Birthrig
The Daredevils was a comics magazine and anthology published by Marvel UK in 1983. Aimed for a more sophisticated audience than typical light superhero adventures, The Daredevils featured Captain Britain stories by Alan Moore and Alan Davis, as well as new Night Raven text stories, reprints of Frank Miller's Daredevil stories. In addition to these regular features, it included some Spider-Man stories, occasional one-off comic stories, a variety of text articles; the title lasted eleven issues before merging with The Mighty World of Marvel. Aside from the occasional pull-out posters, all contents were printed in black-and-white, not colour. Captain Britain — always the first story in any issue, Captain Britain had just started the "Jaspers' Warp" storyline when the series transferred to The Daredevils, it appeared in every issue. Daredevil — the Frank Miller Daredevil run was reprinted in The Daredevils, giving the series its title. Several of the covers featured Daredevil. Night Raven — The Daredevils included Night Raven text stories in #6-11, written by Alan Moore with illustrations by Alan Davis.
Spider-Man — a number of early Spider-Man stories were reprinted in the first few issues. Daredevils included other features written by Alan Moore: Reprints of Moore's Time War — printed in Doctor Who Monthly to coincide with the appearance of the Special Executive in Captain Britain; the same issue included a poster of the team and a single page article by Moore that provided background on their creation. "Early Artwork" — profiles of artists including Garry Leach, Jerry Paris, John Higgins, Dave Gibbons and Alan Davis. Nonfiction articles — a number of which were written by Moore but featured an article by Steve Moore on Hong Kong comics. "News Feature" — looking at upcoming Marvel Comics titles, written by Frank Plowright. It became "Comics Publishing Boom," which looked at the news from the various American comics publishers. "Fanzine Reviews" — written by Moore. A letters page "Comic Mart" — where readers could post the comics they had on offer and those they wanted
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the publishing unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. since 1967. DC Comics is one of the largest and oldest American comic book companies, produces material featuring numerous culturally iconic heroic characters including: Superman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern,Aquaman,Martian Manhunter, Green Arrow, Hawkman and Supergirl. Most of their material takes place in the fictional DC Universe, which features teams such as the Justice League, the Justice Society of America, the Suicide Squad, the Teen Titans, well-known villains such as The Joker, Lex Luthor, Darkseid, Brainiac, Black Adam, Ra's al Ghul and Deathstroke; the company has published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials "DC" came from the company's popular series Detective Comics, which featured Batman's debut and subsequently became part of the company's name.
In Manhattan at 432 Fourth Avenue, the DC Comics offices have been located at 480 and 575 Lexington Avenue. DC had its headquarters at 1700 Broadway, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, but it was announced in October 2013 that DC Entertainment would relocate its headquarters from New York to Burbank, California in April 2015. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its longtime major competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2017. Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934; the company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a cover date of February 1935. The company's second title, New Comics #1, appeared in a size close to what would become comic books' standard during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books, with larger dimensions than today's.
That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic-book series. In 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult, the earliest DC Comics character to still be in the DC Universe. Wheeler-Nicholson's third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936 premiered three months late with a March 1937 cover date; the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld—who published pulp magazines and operated as a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News—Wheeler-Nicholson had to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective Comics #1. Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners.
Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, he was forced out. Shortly afterwards, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman. Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as "superheroes"—proved a sales hit; the company introduced such other popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. On February 22, 2010, a copy of Action Comics #1 sold at an auction from an anonymous seller to an anonymous buyer for $1 million, besting the $317,000 record for a comic book set by a different copy, in lesser condition, the previous year. National Allied Publications soon merged with Detective Comics, Inc. forming National Comics Publications on September 30, 1946. National Comics Publications absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz' All-American Publications.
In the same year Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics... Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications". National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as 1940, the company became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977; the company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which Fox started as a copy of Superman. This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character.
Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1953 and ceased publishing comics. Years Fawcett sold the rights for Captain Marvel to DC—which in 1972 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam
Smash! was a weekly British comic book, published in London by Odhams Press Ltd from 64 Long Acre and subsequently by IPC Magazines Ltd from 189 High Holborn and Fleetway House in nearby Farringdon Street. It ran for 257 issues, between 5th February 1966 and 3rd April 1971, it merged into Valiant. But the Smash! Annual, published by Fleetway, continued to appear every year: the final Annual, cover-dated 1976, was published in the Autumn of 1975. During 1967 and 1968 Smash! was part of Odhams' Power Comics line, absorbing its sister titles Pow! on 14th September 1968 and Fantastic on 2nd November 1968. As Pow! and Fantastic had themselves merged with Wham! and Terrific Smash! became the last survivor of the Power Comics. Until March 1969 it included black-and-white reprints of superhero strips published in America by Marvel Comics and DC Comics, alongside British humour strips; the last of these, the Fantastic Four, ended in issue 162. Thereafter it featured British content: a mixture of humour and adventure strips.
Smash! was sized 9.75" x 12" and 9.25" x 12", had a four-colour cover and black-and-white interior. Smash! was owned by IPC, the International Publishing Corporation, a company formed in 1963 by Cecil Harmsworth King, chairman of the Daily Mirror and Sunday Pictorial, through a series of corporate mergers. All the comics owned by it were published by one or other of the subsidiary companies brought together to form IPC, including Fleetway Publications Ltd and Odhams Press Ltd; the Power Comics line, including Smash, was published by IPC's Odhams Press division under a three-man editorial team known as Alf and Cos. Alfred Wallace was the managing editor at Odhams, Albert Cosser was the editor directly responsible for Smash. Major changes of editorial policy occurred in 1969 for financial reasons, again in 1970 when IPC was taken over by Albert E Reed to form the publishing giant Reed International. Launched on 5th February 1966, Smash became a Power Comic from December of that year with issue 44.
The Power Comics logo, printed on the cover of each issue, was a gimmick dreamed up by Odhams to unify their five titles under a common banner. Smash remained part of that lineup for 100 issues; the other Power Comics were all absorbed into Smash, which became the last survivor. On 14th September 1968, with issue 137, it merged with Pow!, becoming Smash and Pow. On 2nd November 1968, with issue 144, it merged with Fantastic, becoming Smash and Pow incorporating Fantastic. On 1st January 1969 Smash ceased to be published by Odhams Press Ltd, was thereafter published by IPC Magazines Ltd. On 15th March 1969 it was relaunched without its American superhero strips. Further changes followed during the course of 1969, a further relaunch at the start of 1970; the final issue was published on 3rd April 1971. It was merged into Valiant, forming Valiant and Smash. In addition, ten Smash! Annuals were published beginning with the 1967 Annual; these appeared every autumn for the final one being the 1976 Annual.
There were two 96-page Holiday Specials, published in 1969 and 1970, a Valiant and Smash! Holiday Special in 1971. Black-and-white reprints of Marvel Comics strips were introduced into Smash with issue 16, when the Incredible Hulk began. One early issue of Smash printed an original Hulk story; when Smash caught up with the final issue of Incredible Hulk which Marvel had published in America, Odhams turned to the Hulk's "guest star" appearances in Fantastic Four and The Avengers, these other Marvel heroes proving popular. In July 1967 Daredevil replaced the Hulk, from issue 76 onwards — Smash having exhausted all Hulk stories, from all sources, published in the USA up to that time. Prior to this, DC's Batman had become the second American superhero to debut in Smash, crashing onto the front cover of issue 20 a month after the Hulk's debut, in re-edited reprints from American daily and Sunday newspaper strips: these were credited in-page to Batman creator Bob Kane, but were drawn by Al Plastino and ghost-written by Whitney Ellsworth.
This was a response to the sudden popularity of the Batman television series starring Adam West. The enormous impact of this hit TV show led to the Batman strip retaining the front cover of Smash, in colour, for better than a year and a half, entitled Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder; this syndicated newspaper strip adopted the camp style of the Adam West television series, with appearances by humorous guest stars such as American funnyman Jack Benny. In the part of the run Batgirl, appeared in the strip, a response to her addition to the tv show in its 3rd season: in the newspaper strip, Batman believed her to be a criminal rather than a crime fighter. Superman co-starred in the strip, retitled Superman and Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder, as Batman and Robin attempt to save Superman from the diabolical Professor Zinkk, secretly poisoning him with kryptonite. In September 1968 the Fantastic Four began a six-month run in Smash; as o
Hulk Comic was a black-and-white Marvel UK comics anthology published under the editorship of Dez Skinn starting in 1979. After starring for many years in the Marvel UK flagship title, The Mighty World of Marvel, the Hulk was given his own weekly book. Explaining the thinking behind the comic Dez Skinn said: "I was wanting an adventure anthology title more than a super-hero one. Super-heroes had never been big sellers in the UK, we had plenty of legends of the past to spin fantasies about. So I went that route, picking existing Marvel characters who weren't cut from the super-hero cloth."Like many titles published by the company under Dez Skinn, Hulk Comic featured new material produced by British creators such as Steve Dillon, David Lloyd and Steve Parkhouse—along with a smattering of American reprints drawn from the Lee/Kirby Marvel back-catalogue. Once Skinn was replaced by Paul Neary, the title's original output dwindled, being supplanted by an increasing number of reprints; the title included new Hulk material drawn by Steve Dillon.
This material portrayed the inarticulate. Once the title began featuring American reprints, it featured the Marvel Universe Hulk as depicted by Sal Buscema. Other original work included Nick Fury drawn by Steve Dillon and a new Black Knight strip which featured Captain Britain; these original stories were restricted to the first 20 issues of the title, after which they were replaced by U. S. reprints due to low sales, with only the popular Black Knight strip running through most further issues until the title's cancellation. Hulk Comic launched the character Night Raven by David Lloyd. Night Raven is one of several Marvel UK characters who made the jump to American comics; the title lasted 63 issues before merging with Marvel UK's Spider-Man weekly title. The following is a list of all the UK-originated strips in the title together with their respective issue numbers; the Incredible Hulk, #1-6, 9-20, 26-28 The Black Knight, #1, 3-30, 42-55, 57-63 Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. #1-19 Night-Raven, #1-20 Ant-Man, #48-49 Some of the original material has been collected into trade paperbacks: Night Raven: The Collected Stories Captain Britain: Volume 3: The Lion and the Spider Volume 4: The Siege of Camelot Night Raven at the International Catalogue of Superheroes