John Theyer was an English royalist lawyer and writer, an antiquary and bibliophile. He was the son of John Theyer, grandson of Thomas Theyer of Brockworth and was born there in 1597, he entered Magdalen College, when about sixteen, but did not graduate. After three years at Magdalen he practised common law at New Inn. Anthony Wood's mother proposed to send her son to qualify under Theyer as an attorney. Wood did not go, but he became a lifelong friend, visited Theyer to make use of his library, it was at Cooper's Hill, Brockworth, a small estate given Theyer by his father on his marriage in 1628. Theyer resided at Brockworth. At the start of the First English War in 1642, he intervened at Painswick church, where some iconoclastic Parliamentarians had been active. Theyer made a court appearance in September with two local men, was fined, added some church brasses to his collection in 1644. In 1643 Theyer was in Oxford. Wood says, his estate was sequestrated by the parliament, who pronounced him one of the most'inveterate' with whom they had to deal.
His family were destitute until his discharge was obtained on 4 November 1652. Theyer died at Cooper's Hill on 25 August 1673, was buried in Brockworth churchyard on the 28th. Theyer presented to Charles I, in Merton College garden, a copy of his Aerio Mastix, or a Vindication of the Apostolicall and received Government of the Church of Christ by Bishops, Oxford, 1643, it was a contribution to the debate on episcopacy arising from Smectymnuus. On 6 July 1643 he was created M. A. on merit, by the king's command. He began, but did not live to finish, A Friendly Debate between Papists. By his wife Susan, Theyer had a son John. Richard Hart, the last prior of Llanthony Secunda, was lord of the manor of Brockworth, the builder of Brockworth Court. Theyer inherited Hart's library of manuscripts, he collected manuscripts in particular. To his grandson Charles, Theyer bequeathed 800 manuscripts. Charles Theyer offered them to Oxford University, the Bodleian Library despatched Edward Bernard to see them, but no purchase was made, they passed into the hands of Robert Scott, a bookseller of London.
A catalogue of 336 volumes, dated 29 July 1678, was prepared by William Jane. The Theyer collection was bought by Charles II, after Beveridge and Jane had beaten Scott down to half the asking price on some key items; this 1678 accession to the Library was handled by Henry Thynne. The 1697 Catalogus Manuscriptorum Angliæ by Bernard does not mention the location as the Royal Library, an anomaly for which Richard Bentley was responsible as librarian, it gives 312 items. The whole collection passed with the Old Royal Library to the British Museum. Montague Rhodes James researched the bequest to Charles Theyer, it led him to trace the passage of manuscripts at Llanthony to the library at Lambeth Palace. Theyer's library included works of Roger Bacon, manuscripts of Thomas Cranmer once thought lost. Humphrey Wanley claimed that Cranmer's Commonplace Book was acquired by Henry Compton, only was added to the larger collection of the Old Royal Library. Other items were the Canterbury Tales and William Forrest.
Theyer had a manuscript of Dives and Pauper, a work from around 1400, attributed it to the Carmelite Henry Parker, as did John Bale, but modern scholarship disagrees. A Harley manuscript has a list of the books at Llanthony Priory in about 1350, an Anglo-Saxon prayerbook of about 820, in Latin with glosses in a Mercian dialect of Old English, which may have been written for a female physician; the best known manuscript is the Westminster Psalter, a psalter from Westminster Abbey with important illuminations, begun about 1200, to which five tinted drawings were added some fifty years later. According to the British Library it contains "some of the most elegant and refined painting of the period". Luis Thayer Ojeda, William Bazeley, The Thayer Family of BrockworthAttribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Theyer, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900
John Milton Thayer
John Milton Thayer was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum United States Senator from Nebraska. Thayer served as Governor of Wyoming Governor of Nebraska. Thayer was born in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, he taught in rural schools. He graduated from Brown University in 1841, established a practice in Worcester, Massachusetts. Thayer was the editor of the Historical Journal. Thayer served as a lieutenant in the local militia company before deciding to move with his family to the West, he was married to Mary Torrey Allen on December 27, 1842, they had six children. Arriving in Nebraska in 1854, he affiliated himself with the Republican Party and participated in politics, as well as owning a large farm near Omaha, he became the major general of the Territorial Militia and gained a reputation as an Indian fighter in his encounters with the local Pawnee. Thayer served as delegate to the 1860 State Constitution Convention which organized the Republican Party in the Nebraska Territory.
He was elected to the Nebraska Territorial Legislature in 1860. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Thayer wrote a letter to Secretary of War Simon Cameron asking that he be allowed to raise a Nebraska regiment in response to President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers, he resigned his legislative seat in June 1861 to become Colonel of the 1st Nebraska Infantry Regiment, spent the entire war fighting in the Western Theater. He commanded a brigade under Lew Wallace in the battles of Fort Shiloh. Promoted to brigadier general in October 1862, he led a brigade in the XV Corps, he saw action at the siege of Vicksburg. Thayer was assigned to the cavalry and commanded the District of the Frontier with his headquarters in Fort Smith, Arkansas, he participated in the Camden Expedition and other actions in the region, seeing considerable action at the Battle of Prairie D'Ane. He commanded the rearguard of Frederick Steele's force at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, battling Confederate troops under Sterling Price for over four hours before forcing Price to disengage.
His delaying action enabled Steele to extricate his army to safety. In February 1865, Thayer was relieved of command of Fort Smith and sent to the smaller post at St. Charles, with a regiment of Kansas cavalry and a single artillery battery. However, with the omnibus promotions of leading generals at the close of the war, Thayer was brevetted major general of volunteers in 1865. After the Civil War, Thayer served as a member of the 1866 State Constitutional Convention. Upon the admission of Nebraska into the Union as a state, he was elected as one of its first two United States senators, he served as a member of the Senate from 1867 to 1871, when he was unsuccessful in winning reelection. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Thayer Governor of the Territory of Wyoming in February 1875 and he took the oath of office March 1, 1875, his service ended on May 29, 1878, he returned to Nebraska to resume his law practice. In 1886, Thayer secured the Republican gubernatorial nomination and was elected Governor of Nebraska by popular vote.
He served two full terms as Governor of Nebraska, from 1886 to 1888. He was the seventh governor of Nebraska. Thayer served part of a third term, he contested the results of the 1890 election. He retired from public life to follow literary pursuits. John M. Thayer died in Lincoln and was buried in Wyuka Cemetery in Lincoln, Nebraska. Thayer County, Nebraska, is named for Thayer. A bust of Thayer is located on the grounds of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi; the bust was erected in May 1915 and was sculpted by T. A. R. Kitson. List of American Civil War generals American National Biography Dictionary of American Biography Curtis, Earl G. John Milton Thayer Nebraska History 29: 134-50. Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov. United States Congress.
"John Milton Thayer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-12 John Milton Thayer at RootsWeb.com Governor Thayer's papers at the Nebraska State Historical Society National Governors Association: Nebraska Governor John Milton Thayer John Milton Thayer at Find a Grave The Encyclopedia of Nebraska National Park Service
John B. Thayer
John Borland Thayer II was an American businessman who had a thirty-year career as an executive with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. He was a director and second vice-president of the company when he died a week before his 50th birthday in the sinking of the RMS Titanic, on April 15, 1912. In his youth, Thayer was a prominent sportsman, playing baseball and lacrosse for the University of Pennsylvania and first-class cricket for the Philadelphian cricket team, he is the only first-class cricketer known to have died aboard Titanic. Thayer was born in Philadelphia and attended the University of Pennsylvania, where he was captain of the lacrosse team in 1879 and played baseball. A member of a prominent American cricketing family, he played his first match for the Merion Cricket Club as a 14-year old and continued playing for them until his death. Thayer was a part of the Philadelphian side that visited England in 1884. During that tour he scored only 1 run, with an average of 28, took 22 wickets for 21 runs each.
In his career, Thayer appeared in seven matches now recognised as first-class. Three of these were played for the Philadelphians, four were played for an "American Born" side. All were played at the Germantown Cricket Club in Pennsylvania. In his first-class career, he scored 138 runs at 11.50 and took six wickets at 26.83. His highest score and best bowling both came for Philadelphia against the United States in October 1883. In minor cricket, his highest scores were 134 not out v Philadelphia in 1896 and 107 not out against Winnipeg in 1882, both for Merion CC. On November 9, 1893, in Philadelphia, he married Marian Longstreth Morris, the daughter of Frederick Wistar Morris and Elizabeth Flower Paul. Both her parents were descendants of old-moneyed Philadelphia families, they had four children: John "Jack" Borland Thayer III Frederick Morris Thayer Margaret Thayer Pauline Thayer Of the four children, only Jack accompanied his parents on the Titanic. After leaving the University of Pennsylvania in 1881, Thayer entered the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad as a clerk in the Empire Line office, remaining in that position for about eighteen months, when he was transferred to the general freight department.
After holding various positions in 1888 he was appointed freight solicitor of the United Railroads of New Jersey division. From February, 1889, to May, 1892, Thayer was out of railway work before returning to the PRR in May, 1892, as division freight agent of the Northern Central, with headquarters at Baltimore, MD. On December 1, 1894, he was promoted to assistant general freight agent, with office at Philadelphia, Pa. and in March, 1897, was made general freight agent in charge of through traffic. In May,1899, he was appointed general freight agent of the Northern Central, the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore, the West Jersey & Seashore. Thayer was elected fifth vice-president, in charge of traffic of the Pennsylvania Railroad on June 1, 1903. In October, 1905 the became fourth vice-president. Mr, Thayer was a director of the Pennsylvania Railroad and its more important controlled lines east of Pittsburgh, including the Long Island and the New York Connecting, he was a member of a large number of clubs and organizations, including the Philadelphia Club, the Union League and the Union Club of New York, the Metropolitan Club of Washington.
D. C, the Railroad Club of New York, the Chamber of Commerce of the state of New York. A minute adopted by the Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad after his death said in part: "In recording the terrible fate of a valued officer, beloved and respected associate, we desire to pay fitting tribute to his memory and bear testimony to his great worth to the company, not only as an officer, but in its highest councils. Mr. Thayer was equipped for the high office which he held, by his long service in the traffic department of the company, having discharged the duties of various official positions with the same diligence and skill which were manifested and more developed in his executive life, through the channels of work well done and achievements of lasting importance, his name finds place on the roll of honor of those who have served the company faithfully and well: while to those who labored side by side with him his memory, though darkened by the tragic ending of his life at the high tide of his usefulness, is made more dear by the characteristic manhood and heroism with which he accepted his fate- His true value to the company did not consist alone in his ability as an executive officer and prominent standing as a traffic authority.
A man in all that endears men to men, of genial nature, with an affable manner and a ready appreciation of humor, he was a charming companion and beloved by all who knew him, while the example of his integrity, honorable dealing and clean life is an inspiration alike to friends and subordinates," In the spring of 1912 Thayer and his family had been in Europe as guests of the American Consul General in Berlin, Germany. On April 10 the family boarded the RMS Titanic at Cherbourg-en-Cotentin as first-class passengers and had been preparing for bed on the evening of April 14 when the collision with the iceberg occurred; as the ship sank, Thayer