Treasurer of the Household
The Treasurer of the Household is a member of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. The position is held by one of the government deputy Chief Whips in the House of Commons; the Treasurer was a member of the Board of Green Cloth, until the Board of Green Cloth disappeared in the reform of local government licensing in 2004, brought about by the Licensing Act 2003. The position had its origin in the office of Keeper of the Wardrobe of the Household and was ranked second after the Lord Steward. On occasion the office was vacant for a considerable period and its duties undertaken by the Cofferer; the office was staffed by the promotion of the Comptroller and was held by a commoner. The Treasurer was automatically a member of the privy council; the role is held by Christopher Pincher. John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft 1406–1408 Roger Leche 1413–1416 Walter Beauchamp 1421–1430 Sir John Tyrrell of Heron May 1431 – April 1437 John Popham 1437–1439 Sir Roger Fiennes 1439–1446 John Stourton, 1st Baron Stourton 1446–1453 Sir Thomas Tuddenham 1458 Sir John Fogge 1461–1468 Sir John Howard 1468–1474 Sir John Elrington 1474–1483 Sir William Hopton 1483–1484 Sir Richard Croft 1484–1488 vacant 1488 on: office performed by cofferers: John Payne 1488–1492 William Fisher 1492–1494 William Cope 1494-?1508 Sir Andrew Windsor 1513 Sir Thomas Lovell 1502 -c. 1519 Sir Edward Poynings 1519–1521 Sir Thomas Boleyn 1521–1525 Sir William FitzWilliam 1525–1537 Sir William Paulet 1537–1539 Sir Thomas Cheney 1539–1558 Sir Thomas Parry 1559–1560 vacant 1560–1570 Sir Francis Knollys 1570–1596 The Lord North 1596–1600 vacant 1600–1602 Sir William Knollys 1602–1616 The Lord Wotton 1616–1618 Sir Thomas Edmonds 1618–1639 Sir Henry Vane 1639–1641 The Viscount Savile 1641–1649 Sir Frederick Cornwallis 1660–1663 The Viscount Fitzhardinge 1663–1668 Sir Thomas Clifford 1668–1672 The Lord Newport 1672–1686 The Earl of Yarmouth 1686–1689 The Earl of Bradford 1689–1708 The Earl of Cholmondeley 1708–1712 The Lord Lansdown 1712–1714 The Earl of Cholmondeley 1714–1725 Paul Methuen 1725–1730 The Lord Bingley 1730–1731 The Lord De La Warr 1731–1737 The Earl FitzWalter 1737–1755 The Lord Berkeley of Stratton 1755–1756 The Viscount Bateman 1756–1757 The Earl of Thomond 1757–1761 The Earl of Powis 1761–1765 Lord Edgcumbe 1765–1766 John Shelley 1766–1777 The Earl of Carlisle 1777–1779 The Lord Onslow 1779–1780 Viscount Cranborne 1780–1782 The Earl of Effingham 1782–1783 Charles Francis Greville 1783–1784 The Earl of Courtown 1784–1793 Viscount Stopford 1793–1806 Lord Ossulston 1806–1807 Viscount Stopford 1807–1812 Viscount Jocelyn 1812 Lord Charles Bentinck 1812–1826 Sir William Henry Fremantle 1826–1837 The Earl of Surrey 1837–1841 Hon. George Byng 1841 Earl Jermyn 1841–1846 Lord Robert Grosvenor 1846–1847 Lord Marcus Hill 1847–1852 Lord Claud Hamilton 1852 The Earl of Mulgrave 1853–1858 Lord Claud Hamilton 1858–1859 Viscount Bury 1859–1866 Lord Otho FitzGerald 1866 Lord Burghley 1866–1867 Hon. Percy Egerton Herbert 1867–1868 The Lord de Tabley 1868–1872 The Lord Poltimore 1872–1874 The Lord Monson 1874 Earl Percy 1874–1875 Lord Henry Thynne 1875–1880 The Earl of Breadalbane 1880–1885 Viscount Folkestone 1885–1886 The Earl of Elgin 1886 Viscount Folkestone 1886–1891 Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox 1891–1892 The Earl of Chesterfield 1892–1894 Arthur Brand 1894–1895 The Marquess of Carmarthen 1895–1896 Viscount Curzon 1896–1900 Victor Cavendish 1900–1903 The Marquess of Hamilton 1903–1905 Sir Edward Strachey, Bt 1905–1909 William Dudley Ward 1909–1912 Hon. Frederick Edward Guest 1912–1915 James Hope 1915–1916 James Craig 1916–1918 vacancy January–June 1918 Robert Sanders 1918–1919 Bolton Eyres-Monsell 1919–1921 George Gibbs 1921–1924 Thomas Griffiths 1924 George Gibbs 1924–1928 George Hennessy 1928–1929 Ben Smith 1929–1931 George Hennessy 1931 Sir Frederick Charles Thomson, Bt 1931–1935 Sir Frederick Penny, Bt 1935–1937 Sir Lambert Ward 1937 Arthur Hope 1937–1939 Charles Waterhouse 1939 Hon. Robert Grimston 1939–1942 Sir James Edmondson 1942–1945 George Mathers 1945–1946 Arthur Pearson 1946–1951 Cedric Drewe 1951–1955 Tam Galbraith 1955–1957 Hendrie Oakshott 1957–1959 Hon. Peter Legh 1959–1960 Edward Wakefield 1960–1962 Michael Hughes-Young 1962–1964 Sydney Irving 1964–1966 John Silkin 1966 Charles Grey 1966–1969 Charles Richard Morris 1969–1970 Humphrey Atkins 1970–1973 Bernard Weatherill 1973–1974 Walter Harrison 1974–1979 John Stradling Thomas 1979–1983 Anthony Berry 1983 John Cope 1983–1987 David Hunt 1987–1989 Tristan Garel-Jones 1989–1990 Alastair Goodlad 1990–1992 David Heathcoat-Amory 1992–1993 Greg Knight 1993–1996 Andrew MacKay 1996–1997 George Mudie 1997–1998 Keith Bradley 1998–2001 List of Treasurers to British royal consorts 1484–1649: Green Cloth Officeholders 1660–1837: Officeholders database Whips 1970–1997 </ref>*1513
Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton
Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton, KG, 5th and last Lord Charlton of Powys, was the younger son of John Charlton, the third baron, his wife, daughter of Lord Stafford. During the lifetime of his elder brother John, the fourth lord, soon after her husband's death in Ireland, Edward married the widowed Countess of March, her lordships and castles of Usk and Caerleon thus fell into his hands. This brought him into relations with the chronicler Adam of Usk, who speaks of him as juvenis elegantissimus and is loud in his praises. Charlton's relationship to the Mortimers involved him, however, in hostility to Henry of Bolingbroke, who, in July 1399, was about to proceed from Bristol to ravage his lands. Charlton accompanied Henry to Chester in his march against Richard II, was afterwards in high favour with him. About this time Charlton showed his personal severity and the extent of the franchises of a lord marcher by condemning to death the seneschal of Usk for an intrigue with his natural sister prioress of that town.
On 19 October 1401 the death of the 4th Baron Cherleton without issue involved Edward's succession to the peerage and estates of Powys. It was a critical period in the history of the Welsh marches. Owain Glyndŵr had risen in revolt, had ravaged the neighbourhood of Welshpool, the centre of the Charltons' power, whence he had been driven by John Charlton just before his death. Edward Charlton was possessed of inadequate resources to contend with so dangerous a neighbour. In 1402 Owen overthrew his castles of Usk and Caerleon, though next year Charlton seems to have again got possession of them. In 1403 he urgently besought the council to reinforce the scanty garrisons of the border fortresses. In 1404 he was reduced to such straits that the council unwillingly allowed him to make a private truce with the Welsh. In 1406 his new charter to Welshpool shows in its minute and curious provisions the extreme care taken to preserve that town as a centre of English influence, exclude the'foreign Welsh' from its government, its courts, its soil.
Some time before 1408 Charlton was made a knight of the Garter. In 1409 he procured a royal pardon for those of his vassals who had submitted to Owen, but in 1409 Owen and John, the claimant to the bishopric of St. Asaph, renewed their attack on his territories. Strict orders were sent from London that Charlton was not to leave the district, but keep all his fortresses well garrisoned against the invader; the growing preponderance of the English side may be marked in the injunction of the council not in any case to renew his old private truce with the Welsh. Charlton succeeded in maintaining himself against the waning influence of Owen. In January 1414 Sir John Oldcastle, after his great failure, escaped to those Welsh marches, where he had first won fame as a warrior, took refuge in the Powys estates of Charlton. There he lurked for some time until the promise of a great reward and the exhortations of the bishops to capture the common enemy of religion and society induced Charlton to take active steps for his apprehension.
At last, in 1417, the heretic was tracked to a remote farm at Broniarth, after a severe struggle, was captured by the servants of the lord of Powys. He was first imprisoned in Powys Castle, thence sent to London. For this service Charlton received the special thanks of parliament; the charters are still extant in which he rewarded the brothers Ieuan and Gruffudd Vychan, sons of Gruffudd ap Ieuan, for their share in Oldcastle's capture. In 1420 Charlton conferred a new charter on the Cistercian abbey of Strata Marcella, of which his house was patron, he died on 14 March 1421. Edward Charleton married twice: Firstly to Alianore Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and sister and co-heiress of Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, widow of Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, he left two daughters and co-heiresses. The estates were divided between the co-heiresses, the peerage fell into abeyance from which it has never emerged, the creation in favour of the Greys being more a new peerage than a revival of the old one: Joan Charleton, eldest daughter, who married Sir John Grey of Heton, Northumberland Joyce Charleton, youngest daughter, who married Sir John Tiptoft, had descendants both powerful marcher chieftains.
Secondly to Elizabeth Berkeley, daughter of Sir John Berkeley of Beverstone Castle, who survived her husband and married secondly John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley. Their son Edmund Sutton married daughter of Joyce de Cherleton and Sir John Tiptoft. Grey and Dudley descendants jointly held the Cherleton inheritance, including Powis Castle, until it was allowed to pass to their kinsmen the Herbert family in 1587
Downton is a village and civil parish on the River Avon in southern Wiltshire, about 6 miles southeast of the city of Salisbury. The parish is close to the New Forest; the Trafalgar Park estate erased the former settlement of Standlynch. The parish church, Trafalgar House and two more houses are Grade I listed. Downton village is on the east bank of the river. Wick lies on the opposite bank, is linked to Charlton by the A338 Poole-Oxfordshire road which accompanies the river north-south through the parish. Downton can trace its ancient inhabitants to the Neolithic, Iron Age and Saxon times. Evidence of Neolithic occupation was found at Downton in 1956-7 in advance of a housing development. Close to this site, in 1953 the site of a Roman villa was discovered. Excavations in 1955-6 revealed a villa with tessellated floors, at least two featuring mosaics, a hypocaust and bath house. Roman features were found over an area of about 12 acres; the villa is no longer visible, but the finds, including one of the mosaics, are displayed in Salisbury Museum.
Clearbury Ring, on high ground in the northwest of the parish, is an Iron Age hillfort. The ancient parish of Downton covered a large area, extending north to Nunton and southeast beyond Redlynch as far as Hamptworth. Downton was the principal village in the 7th and 8th centuries, became important as the centre of the manor belonging to the Bishop of Winchester; the Domesday Book of 1068 recorded a large settlement of 131 households at Downton. Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester, built a motte-and-bailey castle near the river. Moot House was built c. 1700 just to the east. 1720. Today the house is a Grade I listed building while the gardens are owned and managed by a preservation trust and are open to the public; the Manor House, northwest of the parish church, is a Grade I listed hall house with attached chapel from the 14th century, altered in the 17th and 19th. The house and church were an endowment to Winchester College by William of Wykeham in 1380; the manor house at Standlynch was built in 1733 for Sir Peter Vandeput and extended in 1766 by Henry Dawkins, plantation owner and Member of Parliament.
In 1814 the nation bought the estate and gave it to Lord Nelson's heirs, who changed its name to Trafalgar Park, to commemorate Nelson's victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. The artist John Constable visited Downton in 1820, his sketch of the Avon with the church in the background is held in the British Museum. In 1836, a time of continued agricultural hardship, the parish sponsored an emigration of more than 200 of its poor people to Upper Canada for opportunities there, they sailed in April 1836 on the ship King William. The Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway, linking Salisbury with the line to Poole and Bournemouth, was built north-south across the parish and opened in 1866, its route passed close with Downton station reached from Lode Hill. The line was absorbed into the LSWR in 1883, it was closed in 1964 and the track was lifted the following year. Nunton and Standlynch became civil parishes in the 19th century as the population grew and churches were built, Downton was reduced in size.
In 1896 its eastern part became Redlynch civil parish, in 1897 Charlton and Witherington were united with Standlynch to form the civil parish of Standlynch with Charlton All Saints, in 1923 Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls were taken to form a new civil parish. In 1934 Standlynch and Charlton were reunited with Downton, Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls were added to Redlynch. For about a decade from around 1961, Downton had an important part to play in British motorsport, its Downton Engineering Works produced some of the motors used by racing cars. Housebuilding in the 20th and 21st centuries has developed the Wick area into a western extension of Downton village. In 1999 a community project, The Downton Millennial Book Fund, published an illustrated history of the village from its ancient days; the Church of England parish church of St Laurence has its origins in the 12th century, Pevsner describes it as "a large and interesting church". The nave is the oldest surviving work. Restoration was carried out in the 17th century in 1812 by D.
A. Alexander and in 1860 by T. H. Wyatt; the tower had its upper part rebuilt in the 17th century and has eight bells, one of, from the 14th century and two from the 17th. Downton ecclesiastical parish was large, with dependant medieval churches at Nunton and Witherington; the church was designated as Grade I listed in 1960, today forms part of the Forest and Avon team ministry, a grouping of six churches in Wiltshire and Hampshire. There were Baptists in Downton from the 17th century. A congregation of Particular Baptists formed c. 1738 and built a chapel at South Lane in 1791, replaced by a larger building on the same site in 1857. This continues as Downton Baptist Church. A Methodist chapel was built in 1896 on Downton High Street, replacing an earlier chapel at Lode Hill; the building continues in use as Downton Methodist Church. A Roman Catholic chapel of the Good Shepherd was founded in 1914 at Barford Lane, at the northern edge of Downton, on land given by the Nelsons; the present building is served from Salisbury.
Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council. It borders Shropshire to the north, Worcestershire to the east, Gloucestershire to the south-east, the Welsh counties of Monmouthshire and Powys to the west. Hereford is the county town. Situated in the historic Welsh Marches, Herefordshire is one of the most rural and sparsely populated counties in England, with a population density of 82/km², a 2017 population of 191,000 - the fourth-smallest of any ceremonial county in England; the land use is agricultural and the county is well known for its fruit and cider production, the Hereford cattle breed. From 1974 to 1998, Herefordshire was part of the former non-metropolitan county of Hereford and Worcester. Herefordshire was reconstituted both as a new district and as a new county by Statutory Instrument as defined in The Hereford and Worcester Order 1996; this Order established Herefordshire as a unitary authority on 1 April 1998, combining county and district functions into a single council.
Herefordshire is commonly called a unitary district, but this is not official nomenclature. Herefordshire is known as a unitary authority for local government purposes, it is governed by Herefordshire Council, created in 1998 with the new unitary district that absorbed the previous administrative areas of Leominster District Council, South Herefordshire District Council, Hereford City Council, parts of Hereford-Worcester County Council, parts of Malvern Hills District Council. The Lieutenancies Act 1997 made Herefordshire a ceremonial county, covering the exact area of the unitary district. For Eurostat purposes it is a NUTS 3 region and is one of three counties that comprise the "Herefordshire and Warwickshire" NUTS 2 region; the River Wye, which at 135 miles is the fifth-longest in the United Kingdom, enters the county after being its border with Powys. It flows through both Ross-on-Wye before returning to Wales. Leominster is situated on a tributary of the Wye. There are two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the county.
The Wye Valley is located in the river's valleys south of Hereford, while the Malvern Hills are in the east of the county, along its border with Worcestershire. Herefordshire is one of the 39 historic counties of England. In 1974 it was merged with neighbouring Worcestershire to form the Hereford and Worcester administrative county. Within this, Herefordshire was covered by the local government districts of South Herefordshire and part of Malvern Hills and Leominster districts. However, the county was dissolved in 1998, resulting in the return of Herefordshire and Worcestershire as counties; the current ceremonial county and unitary district have broadly the same borders as the pre-1974 historic county. Herefordshire's growth rate has in recent decades been higher than the national average, with the population increasing by 14.4% between 1991 and 2011 – the population of England as a whole increased by only 10.0%. However this has been from a lower base, with only Northumberland and Cumbria having lower population densities than Herefordshire.
The population is White 98.2%, Asian 0.8%, Mixed 0.7%, Black 0.2%, Other 0.1%. Gypsies and Travellers have been Herefordshire's largest minority ethnic group, they are made up of three main groups: Romanichal or Romany "Gypsies" Irish Travellers New Travellers or New Age TravellersRomany Gypsies and Irish Travellers fall within the definition of a minority ethnic group under the Race Relations Amendment Act. They have contributed to the development of the county, for example through seasonal working in orchards. There were 400 people within this minority group in the county at the 2011 Census; the major settlements in the county include Hereford, the county town and Herefordshire's only city, as well as the towns of Leominster, Ross-on-Wye and Bromyard. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Herefordshire at current basic prices published by the Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. ^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding Many well-known cider producers are based in Herefordshire.
These include Weston's cider of Much Marcle, Bulmer's cider, from Hereford, which produces the UK market leader Strongbow. Most employment in Herefordshire is in agriculture and services. According to Herefordshire Council's online document "worklessness", 10% of people are unemployed in Herefordshire including out-of-work, homeless and disabled and their carers. Cargill Meats and H. P. Bulmers are two of the largest private sector employers, with the Council and NHS being the largest public sector employers. There are two parliamentary constituencies in Herefordshire; as of January 2017, Bill Wiggin represents North Herefordshire and Jesse Norman represents Hereford and South Herefordshire. Both politicians are members of the Conservative Party; the Council is Conservative controlled. The Chairman is Councillor Brian Wilcox and the Leader of the Council is Councillor Jonathan Lester; the Cabinet Leader is appointed yearly by the full council of 53 councillors. The Cabinet Leader picks their deputy and up to 8 other councillors to form the executive cabinet.
The Lord Steward or Lord Steward of the Household, in England, is an important official of the Royal Household. He is always a peer; until 1924, he was always a member of the Government. Until 1782, the office carried Cabinet rank; the Lord Steward receives his appointment from the Sovereign in person and bears a white staff as the emblem and warrant of his authority. He is the first dignitary of the court. In the House of Lords Precedence Act 1539, an Act of Parliament for placing of the lords, he is described as the grand master or lord steward of the king's most honourable household, he presided at the Board of Green Cloth, until the Board of Green Cloth disappeared in the reform of local government licensing in 2004, brought about by the Licensing Act 2003. In his department are the Treasurer of the Household and Comptroller of the Household, who rank next to him; these officials were peers or the sons of peers and Privy Councillors. They sat at the Board of Green Cloth, carry white staves, belong to the ministry.
The offices are now held by Government whips in the House of Commons. The duties which in theory belong to the Lord Steward and Comptroller of the Household are in practice performed by the Master of the Household, a permanent officer and resides in the palace. However, by the Coroners Act 1988, the Lord Steward still appoints the Coroner of the Queen's Household; the Master of the Household is a white-staff officer and was a member of the Board of Green Cloth but not of the ministry, among other things he presided at the daily dinners of the suite in waiting on the sovereign. He is not named in the Black Book of Edward IV or in the Statutes of Henry VIII and is entered as master of the household and clerk of the green cloth in the Household Book of Queen Elizabeth, but he has superseded the lord steward of the household, as the lord steward of the household at one time superseded the Lord High Steward of England. In the Lord Steward's department were the officials of the Board of Green Cloth, the Coroner, Paymaster of the Household, the officers of the Royal Almonry.
Other offices in the department were those of the Cofferer of the Household, the Treasurer of the Chamber, the Paymaster of Pensions, but these, with six clerks of the Board of Green Cloth, were abolished in 1782. The Lord Steward had three courts besides the Board of Green Cloth under him—the Lord Steward's Court, superseded in 1541 by the Marshalsea Court, the Palace Court; the Lord Steward or his deputies administered the oaths to the members of the House of Commons. In certain cases the lords with white staves are the proper persons to bear communications between the Sovereign and the Houses of Parliament. Sir Thomas Rempston 1399–1401 Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester 1401–1402 William Heron, Lord Say 1402–1404 Sir Thomas Erpingham 1404 Sir John Stanley 1405–1412 Sir Thomas Erpingham 1413–1417 Sir Walter Hungerford 1413–1421 Robert Babthorp 1421–1424 Sir Walter Hungerford 1424–1426 Sir John Tiptoft 1426–1432 Robert Babthorp 1432–1433 William de la Pole, 1st Marquess of Suffolk 1433–1446 Ralph Boteler, 1st Baron Sudeley 1447–1457 John Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp 1457–1461 William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent 1461–1463 John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 1463–1467 Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex 1467–1470 Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby 1471–?1485 The Lord FitzWalter 1485–aft.
1486 The Lord Willoughby de Broke 1488–1502 The Earl of Shrewsbury 1502–1538 The Earl of Sussex 1538–1540? The Duke of Suffolk 1541–1544 The Lord St John 1544–1551 The Duke of Northumberland 1551–1553 The Earl of Arundel 1553–1568 The Earl of Pembroke 1568–1570 no Lord Steward appointed 1570–1588 The Earl of Leicester 1587–1588 no Lord Steward appointed 1588–1603 The Earl of Nottingham 1603–1618 The Duke of Richmond 1618–1623 The Marquess of Hamilton 1623–1625 The Earl of Pembroke 1625–1630 none 1630–1640 The Earl of Arundel and Surrey 1640–1644 The Duke of Richmond 1644–1655 none 1655–1660 The Duke of Ormonde 1660–1688 The Duke of Devonshire 1689–1707 The Duke of Devonshire 1707–1710 The Duke of Buckingham and Normanby 1710–1711 The Earl Poulett 1711–1714 The Duke of Devonshire 1714–1716 The Duke of Kent 1716–1718 The Duke of Argyll 1718–1725 The Duke of Dorset 1725–1730 The Earl of Chesterfield 1730–1733 The Duke of Devonshire 1733–1737 The Duke of Dorset 1737–1744 The Duke of Devonshire 1744–1749 The Duke of Marlborough 1749–1755 The Duke of Rutland 1755–1761 The Earl Talbot 1761–1782 The Earl of Carlisle 1782–1783 The Duke of Rutland 1783 The Earl of Dartmouth 1783 The Duke of Chandos 1783–1789 The Duke of Dorset 1789–1799 The Earl of Leicester 1799–1802 The Earl of Dartmouth 1802–1804 The Earl of Aylesford 1804–1812 The Marquess of Cholmondeley 1812–1821 The Marquess Conyngham 1821–1830 The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1830 The Marquess Wellesley 1830–1833 The Duke of Argyll 1833–1834 The Earl of Wilton 1835 The Duke of Argyll 1835–1839 The Earl of Erroll 1839–1841 The Earl of Liverpool 1841–1846 The Earl Fortescue 1846–1850 The Marquess of Westminster 1850–1852 The Duke of Montrose 1852–1853 The Duke of Norfolk 1853–1854 The Earl Spencer 1854–1857 The Earl of St Germans 1857–1858 The Marquess of Exeter 1858–1859 The Earl of St Germans 1859–1866 The Earl of Bessborough 1866 The Duke of Marlborough 1866–1867 The Earl of Tankerville 1867–1868 The Earl of Bessborough 1868–1874 The Earl Beauchamp 1874–1880 The Earl Sydney 1880–1885 The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 1885–1886 The Earl Sydney 1886 The Earl of Mount Edgcumbe 1886–1892 The Marquess of Breadalbane 1892–1895 The Earl of Pembroke 1895–1905 The Earl of Liverpool 1905–1907 The Earl Beauchamp 1907–1910 The Earl
Lord of the manor
In English and Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales, it is recognised as a form of property, one of three elements of a manor that may exist separately or be combined, may be held in moieties: the title. A title similar to such a lordship is known in French as Seigneur du Manoir, Welsh as Breyr, Gutsherr in German, Godsherre in Norwegian and Swedish, Ambachtsheer in Dutch and Signore or Vassallo in Italian. A lord of the manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; the origins of the lordship of manors arose in the Anglo-Saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086; the title cannot nowadays be subdivided. This has been prohibited since 1290 in the Statute of Quia Emptores that prevents tenants from alienating their lands to others by subinfeudation, instead requiring all tenants wishing to alienate their land to do so by substitution.
Lord Denning, in Corpus Christi College Oxford v Gloucestershire County Council QB 360, described the manor thus: In medieval times the manor was the nucleus of English rural life. It was an administrative unit of an extensive area of land; the whole of it was owned by the lord of the manor. He lived in the big house called the manor house. Attached to it were many acres of grassland and woodlands called the park; these were the "demesne lands". Dotted all round were the enclosed homes and land occupied by the “tenants of the manor”; the owner of a lordship of the manor can be described as, Lord/Lady of the Manor of, sometimes shortened to Lord or Lady of. In modern times any person may choose to use a name, not the property of another. Under English common law a person may choose to be known by any name he sees fit as long as it is not done to commit fraud or evade an obligation. A manorial lordship is not a noble title. Lordship in this sense is a synonym for ownership, although this ownership involved a historic legal jurisdiction in the form of the court baron.
The journal Justice of the Peace & Local Government Law advises that the position is unclear as to whether a lordship of a manor is a title of honour or a dignity, as this is yet to be tested by the courts. Technically, lords freemen. John Selden in his esteemed work Titles of Honour writes, "The word Baro hath been so much communicated, that not only all Lords of Manors have been from ancient time, are at this day called sometimes Barons But the Judges of the Exchequer have it from antient time fixed on them."John Martin Robinson, Maltravers Herald Extraordinary and co-author of The Oxford Guide to Heraldry, gave his opinion that "Lordship of this or that manor is no more a title than Landlord of The Dog and Duck". The style'Lord of the Manor of X' or'Lord of X' is, in this sense, more of a description than a title, somewhat similar to the term Laird in Scotland. King's College, Cambridge have given the view that the term'indicated wealth and privilege, it carried rights and responsibilities'.
Since 1965 Lords of the Manor have been entitled to compensation in the event of compulsory purchase. Before the Land Registration Act 2002 it was possible for manors to be registered with HM Land Registry. Manorial incidents, which are the rights that a lord of the manor may exercise over other people's land, lapsed on 12 October 2013 if not registered by with the Land Registry; this is a separate issue to the registration of lordships of manors, since both registered and unregistered lordships will continue to exist after that date. It is only their practical rights that will lose what is called'overriding interest', or in other words the ability to affect land if the interests or rights are not registered against that land, as of 12 October 2013. Manorial incidents can still be recorded for either unregistered manors; this issue does not affect the existence of the title of lord of the manor. There have been cases where manors have been sold and the seller has unknowingly parted with rights to unregistered land in England and Wales.
In England in the Middle Ages, land was held of the English monarch or ruler by a powerful local supporter, who gave protection in return. The people who had sworn homage to the lord were known as vassals. Vassals were nobles who served loyalty in return for being given the use of land. After the Norman conquest of England, all land in England was owned by the monarch who granted the use of it by means of a transaction known as enfeoffment, to earls and others, in return for military service; the person who held feudal land directly from the king was known as a tenant-in-chief. Military servic
Redlynch is a village and civil parish about 6.5 miles southeast of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the villages of Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls west and southwest of Redlynch. Much of the parish lies within the boundaries of the New Forest National Park; the River Blackwater rises near Lover and flows east through the parish towards Landford and Hampshire, where it joins the Test. The earliest settlement was at Pensworth, north of Grove Copse and northwest of the present Redlynch, in the 12th or 13th centuries; this village had declined by the 15th century and in the 20th century the name survived only as Upper Pensworth Farm. In the 18th century settlement was along the edges of commons. Settlement increased in the 19th century, at Redlynch and at Warminster Green where the church and school were built. Redlynch was home to the clockmaker Peter Bower who resided close to the site now known as Bowers Hill. Redlynch parish church of Saint Mary at Lover is a yellow brick building dating from 1837.
Part of Downton parish, a separate ecclesiastical district was created for the church in 1841. The vicarage was the childhood home of Bernard Walke who served as an Anglican priest in three Cornish parishes; the church of Saint Birinus at Morgan's Vale was built as a chapel of ease to Downton in 1894–96. It is a red brick Gothic Revival building with stone dressings and Perpendicular Gothic style windows, it was designed by the Gothic Revival architect C. E. Ponting of Marlborough in the style of his architectural contemporary W. D. Caroe; the benefices of the two churches were combined in 1968. Woodfalls Methodist Church was built in 1874 by the Primitive Methodists and joined the Salisbury Methodist Circuit in the 1940s. Newhouse, east of Redlynch on the road towards Whiteparish, was built c. 1619. The house and estate continue to be held by his descendants; the house is constructed from English bonded brick with limestone dressings and has a distinctive Y-shaped plan. There is two stable blocks, from 1750 and the late 19th.
The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which performs most significant local government functions. Redlynch was part of the parish of Downton, it became a separate civil parish in 1896 was extended in 1934 to include the former parish of Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls, Nomansland. A community governance review effective 1 April 2017 transferred the eastern portion of Redlynch parish to Landford; the area transferred includes the settlements of Hamptworth. The parish is part of Redlynch and Landford electoral ward which stretches east from Redlynch to Landford; the total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 4,719. Morgan's Vale and Woodfalls CE Primary School serves Morgan's Vale, Woodfalls and Redlynch. Redlynch Village Hall is near the church at Lover. Built in 1922 as the church hall, it was modernised in the early 21st century; the parish has the Wodfalls Inn at Woodfalls. Crowley, D. A.. P.. Victoria County History: A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 11: South-west Wiltshire: Downton hundred and Everleigh hundred.
Pp. 19–77. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Pevsner, Nikolaus; the Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 381. Media related to Redlynch at Wikimedia Commons Redlynch Parish Council Redlynch ONLINE