John Treasure Jones

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John Treasure Jones
Capt John Treasure Jones, Queen Mary.jpg
Born (1905-08-15)15 August 1905
Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire
Died 12 May 1993(1993-05-12) (aged 87)
Chandlers Ford, Hampshire
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Merchant Marine
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Government Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Merchant Marine / RNR
Years of service 1921–1968 (46½ years)
Rank Captain
Unit Royal Naval Reserve
Cunard-White Star Line
Commands held as listed
Battles/wars World War II
 • Battle of the Atlantic
 • Battle of the Mediterranean
Awards as listed

Captain John Treasure Jones RD, (15 August 1905 – 12 May 1993) was a British sea officer who became a well-known media figure in the mid-1960s following his appointment as the last master of the Cunard liner, RMS Queen Mary.[1] He has been described as one of the 20th century's most distinguished mariners, in war and in peacetime,[2] his forebears were men of the sea, who had captained sailing ships, and he elected to follow in their tradition.[a]

Family background[edit]

John Treasure Jones was born on 18 August 1905, at Cuckoo Mill Farm at Pelcomb Cross, outside Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, his father, Shrewsbury Treasure Jones, was a hay & corn merchant and ran the small 45 acre farm as a side line.[b]

In 1917 he gained a scholarship to Haverfordwest Grammar School, but did not complete his formal education as the possibility of employment on a ship came along, just a week before taking his final examinations.

Early years at sea[edit]

In 1921, not yet 16, Jones signed on for a four years apprenticeship with J. C. Gould Steamship Co. Ltd. of Cardiff.[c] He first joined the SS Grelgrant, a 4,785 ton tramp ship, and later transferred to SS Grelhead. Outward-bound they delivered coal from the South Wales coalfields to bunkering stations around the world and returned with cargoes of grain.

Having completed his apprenticeship as a bosun, he regularly attended nautical school in Cardiff in order to progress through the grades of his nautical qualifications. Jones joined the Royal Naval Reserve as a probationary midshipman in 1923, on completion of his apprenticeship in 1925, aged 20, he completed six months training as a midshipman in HMS Hood, followed by HMS Velox and HMS Ajax.

Jones then joined Hall Bros of Newcastle in 1926, serving at first, as third mate, on the tramp ship SS Ambassador and then, as second mate, on SS Caduceus.[3]

In August 1929, at 24, he was promoted to Lieutenant RNR.

In August 1929 he joined the White Star Line on his first liner, SS Euripides, taking emigrants out to Australia and then on SS Delphic. The Great Depression set in and shipping fell on bad days; in November 1930 the company sent him to do twelve months reserve training in the Royal Navy, after which he was laid-off.

In 1930–31 Jones served six months afloat in the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious and four months in the destroyer HMS Viscount on the Mediterranean station.[d]

In November 1932 Jones managed to obtain employment as an assistant superintendent stevedore with Rea's Ltd, working with the Leyland Line ships at the Canada and Huskisson Docks in Liverpool. The Leyland Line was sold to T. & J. Harrison Ltd. and Jones soon left the company.

In July 1934 he returned to sea with the Blue Funnel Line, in SS Machaon and then SS Rhexenor.

RMS Lancastria

In 1937 he joined the Cunard White Star Line as a junior third officer on his second liner, the 16,243 ton liner RMS Lancastria serving under Captain Bisset, who, after war would be knighted as a commodore of the Cunard Line. By the time the war had started he was senior third officer in the 26,943 ton RMS Britannic.[e][f]

In August 1937 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander RNR.

War service[edit]

Jones as a Commander RNR RD, 1943

From September 1939 he served as the Navigating Officer on the AMC Laurentic (formerly SS Laurentic of the Cunard White Star Line). Initially their task was to patrol the waters between Iceland and the Faroe Islands to prevent German supply shipping getting in and out of the North Sea. Later they were re-deployed into the Denmark Strait between Greenland and Iceland, on 4 November 1940, when returning to Liverpool from a patrol between Portugal and the Azores, she was torpedoed and sunk, 300 miles west of the Bloody Foreland in Ireland, with the loss of 49 lives. The 367 survivors were adrift for about six hours.

Flower-class Corvette

The following month he was appointed to the command of HMS Sunflower, a new Flower-class corvette that was being completed at Smith's Yard in Middlesbrough. Ninety percent of the crew had not been to sea before, but were strengthened and knit together by a small number of trained ratings and naval pensioners. Once trained, they joined B1 Group in Londonderry which was employed escorting Atlantic convoys, on 17 December 1942, while escorting Convoy ON 153, HMS Firedrake, the escort group commander's ship, was torpedoed by German submarine U-211 and sunk. HMS Sunflower picked up 27 survivors in 60-foot high waves, for which the captain was Mentioned in Dispatches, and took over command of the convoy escort.[4]

In 1943 Jones was promoted Commander RNR and commanded HMS Wellington and then HMS Bayntun (one of the first Captain-class frigates built in Boston, Mass. for the Admiralty), before taking over HMS Dart on 30 August, and command of 49th Escort Group in the Mediterranean.[g][h][5]

In June 1945 Jones was promoted Acting-Captain RNR and posted to South East Asia Command under Admiral Mountbatten, he was appointed as divisional sea transport officer of the Netherlands East Indies, based in Java, Batavia. The war in Asia had ended in August 1945 with the Japanese capitulation but they were still required to deal with the return transport of troops and supplies, as well as the shipping of the civilian and military prisoners of war out of the Japanese camps.

Jones was demobbed in March 1947 but remained in the Naval Reserve.

He was promoted to Captain RNR on 31 December 1949 and retired from the service in 1960.[i]

Post-war service[edit]

Blue Ensign of a Captain RNR

Jones rejoined the Cunard Line in March 1947 as a senior first officer, serving in RMS Samaria, RMS Scythia, RMS Britannic, RMS Georgic and RMS Queen Elizabeth.[j] In February 1954 he was appointed staff captain RMS Queen Mary, until he was given his first command of cargo/passenger liner RMS Media in May 1957, followed by the 22,017 ton liner RMS Sylvania, then the 22,592 ton RMS Saxonia in 1959 to the early 1960s.[6]

From December 1962 he commanded RMS Mauretania. Whilst his previous commands had been solely on the North Atlantic, the Mauretania was used for cruises. Even so, she was facing competition from much more modern ships and was beginning to lose money for Cunard Line.

Mauretania at Inverkeithing.

In 1964 Texaco completed a new oil refinery in Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire, just 10 miles from where John Treasure Jones was born. Texaco chartered the Mauretania to take the guests from Southampton to Milford Haven and back, the opening ceremony was performed by Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, who travelled down on the royal train. Afterwards, the captain hosted lunch on board for the Queen Mother and the other guests; in the autumn of 1965 it was announced that Mauretania would be withdrawn from service and sold to Ward's shipbreaking yard in Inverkeithing, Fife in Scotland. On the night of 22/23 November he navigated the mud straits of the Forth without tugs, and made the final berthing through the shallows above the mud banks on the midnight high tide.

He briefly commanded the RMS Queen Elizabeth and then RMS Queen Mary from September 1965.[7] In August 1966, under his command, she made the fastest eastbound passage since August 1938 in 4 days, 10 hours and 6 minutes, averaging 29.46 knots.

RMS Queen Mary at New York.

On 27 September 1967, Queen Mary arrived back in Southampton having completed her 1,000th and last crossing of the North Atlantic, having carried 2,112,000 passengers over 3,792,227 miles (6,102,998 km). On 31 October she sailed from Southampton for the last time with 1,093 passengers and 806 crew, for the first time in his long career, this was Treasure Jones's only voyage around Cape Horn. She arrived in Long Beach, California on 9 December 1967 and the captain lowered both the Cunard house flag and his own Blue Ensign when he conducted the sale to the City of Long Beach on 11 December 1967.[k]

Treasure Jones retired in August 1968, aged 63, after a career of 47 years, of which he served almost 43½ continuous years at sea, he died of an aneurysm on 12 May 1993, just three months short of his 88th birthday, at Chandlers Ford, near Southampton.[8]

Family and personal life[edit]

At school he had been in the first elevens for football and cricket, he was also a very competent boxer, which stood him in good stead during his apprenticeship years.

In August 1933 Jones married Eulalie Isobelle (Belle) Lees in Haverfordwest and they would have three sons and a daughter

After retiring from the sea he regularly played cricket for the Master Mariners up until the age of 83; in later years he also took up golf and regularly took his clubs along with him onboard ship. Once he retired he continued playing regularly as a member of Stoneham Golf Club, Southampton, right up until he died.

Recognition[edit]

His decorations and medals were:

In 1968 the University of Wales conferred on him an Honorary Doctorate in Law.

In 1978 was granted the Freedom of Haverfordwest, his home town.[11]

On the final voyage of Queen Mary in 1967 he was awarded:

  • Honorary Member of the Panama Canal Pilots Association[12]
  • Honorary Pilot of the Port of Long Beach[13]
  • First Honorary Port Ambassador of the Port of Long Beach

Commands[edit]

Ships commanded by Capt. John Treasure Jones
Name Description from to
HMS Sunflower (K41) Corvette 18 December 1940 19 February 1943
HMS Wellington (U65) Sloop 4 March 1943 18 June 1943
HMS Baynton (K310) Frigate 19 June 1943 29 August 1943
HMS Dart (K21) Frigate 30 August 1943 31 May 1945
SS Vandalia[l] 7,273 tons 27 June 1953?[m] 9 September 1953?
RMS Media 13,345 tons 24 May 1957 11 July 1959
RMS Sylvania 22,017 tons 20 February 1959 14 March 1959
RMS Saxonia 22,592 tons 26 August 1959 29 September 1962
RMS Carinthia 21,947 tons 24 October 1962 12 November 1962
RMS Mauretania 35,793 tons 4 December 1962 23 June 1965
final voyage 15 September 1965 23 November 1965
RMS Queen Elizabeth 83,673 tons 7 July 1965 20 July 1965
RMS Queen Mary 81,235 tons 8 September 1965 11 December 1967
  • Sources: Directorate of Personnel Support (Navy), Archive Services and Summary of 'Continuous Certificate of Discharge' Books for Jones, R21261

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ His maternal grandfather Capt. Henry Williams, b.1840 had captained a sailing ship and three of his maternal uncles, Jack, James & Henry, were master mariners.
  2. ^ There was a tradition of maintaining a record of the branches in the family tree by giving the sons the surnames of these previous generations as an additional Christian name. So the sons of Shrewsbury Treasure Jones (b.1872) were: Hugh Treasure Jones, John Treasure Jones (b.1905), Robert Whittow Jones (b.1907) and Henry Devereaux Jones (b.1909). Since these names were not part of the surname, they were not written with a hyphen.
  3. ^ A small company with 12 ships – went bankrupt in May 1925.
  4. ^ He was serving as a Lieutenant RNR aboard HMS Glorious at the time of the collision with SS Florida.
  5. ^ RMS :Royal Mail Ship
  6. ^ MV Britannic and her twin sister MV Georgic were advanced Motor Vessels using diesel propulsion rather than the conventional SS/Steam Ships using multiple expansion steam engines.
  7. ^ He would later become a member of the Honourable Company of Master Mariners, which, after the war, acquired Wellington its headquarters.
  8. ^ HMS Dart was a River-class frigate commissioned on 15 May 1943.
  9. ^ Jones served 37 years as an RNR officer, on 13 ships with 7¼ sea years and a further 3¼ years ashore.
  10. ^ Post-war he started using 'Treasure Jones' as his surname.
  11. ^ British merchant vessels commanded by an officer of the Royal Naval Reserve in possession of a Government warrant are entitled to fly a Blue Ensign, rather that the standard Red Ensign.
  12. ^ Built 1945 as SS Samaritan, a lend-lease cargo ship, purchased in 1947 by Cunard from MOWT and Vandalia.
  13. ^ Dates are uncertain. Within the Cunard Line the normal career steps were: Chief Officer of a liner - Master of a cargo ship - Staff Captain of a liner.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Treasure Jones, a Cunard Captain, 87". The New York Times. 17 May 1993. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Michael Grey in Lloyd's List, 16 May 2008
  3. ^ "Hall Bros of Newcastle". Mariners List. 
  4. ^ "No. 36033". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1943. p. 2445. 
  5. ^ "No. 37119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 1945. p. 2973. 
  6. ^ Vard, Ken. "RMS Media". kennethvard.com. 
  7. ^ "QE masters plaque – aboard Cunard Line's MV Queen Elizabeth". Wikipedia Commons. 2010. 
  8. ^ Vard, Kenneth (25 May 1993). "Obituary: Capt John Treasure Jones". The Independent. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "No. 35361". The London Gazette. 28 November 1941. p. 6836. 
  10. ^ "Royal Naval Reserve Officers Decoration (RD)". royal-naval-reserve.co.uk. 
  11. ^ "Freemen of Haverfordwest". rklucas.co.uk. 
  12. ^ "Pilots Roster". Panama Canal Pilots Association. 
  13. ^ "Honorary Port Pilot Award". Port of Long Beach. 

Bibliography

  • Treasure Jones, John (2008). Tramp to Queen. The History Press. ISBN 978-0-75244-625-7. 
  • Lacey, Robert (1973). The Queens of the North Atlantic. Sidgwick & Jackson. 
  • Hutchings, David E. (1986). RMS Queen Mary: 50 Years of Splendour. Kingfisher Productions. 
  • Krauch, Velma (1971). Three Stacks and You’re Out. VanLee Enterprise.  An account of the Last Great Voyage by a passenger.

BBC TV Archives[edit]

  • BBC WALES: MASTER AT SEA - 50 minute documentary filmed as sea aboard Mauretania. Date: June 1964.
  • BBC WALES NEWS ARCHIVE CUT STORIES. Programme number: PEN9130K. Date: 10/11/1965. Catalogue number: 10476050.
  • QUEEN MARY ARRIVES SOUTHAMPTON. Programme number: ANB6082R. Date: 11/04/1967. Catalogue number: 472694.
  • BBC WALES NEWS ITEMS. Programme number: PEN9154T. Date: 10/05/1967. Catalogue number: 10542213.
  • QUEEN MARY LINER LEAVES NEW YORK FOR SOUTHAMPTON. Programme number: ANB6246F. Date: 22/09/1967. Catalogue number: 473791.
  • QUEEN MARY LINER FINAL VOYAGE. Programme number: ANB6246F. Date: 22/09/1967. Catalogue number: 473784.
  • STORY OF THE QUEEN MARY. Programme number: LDC5951H. Date: 26/09/1967. Catalogue number: 9420702.
  • QUEEN MARY: LAST VOYAGE ENDS AT SOUTHAMPTON. Programme number: ANB6251B. Date: 27/09/1967. Catalogue number: 473735.
  • QUEEN MARY LINER FINAL HOMECOMING TO SOUTHAMPTON. Programme number: ANB6251B. Date: 27/09/1967. Catalogue number: 473725.
  • TUESDAY DOCUMENTARY: SHIPS OF STATE. Programme number: LGF6506K. Date: 09/09/1975. Catalogue number: 1174602.
  • THE GREAT LINERS: 3. Programme number: NBSA750N. Date: 29/10/1979. Catalogue number: 1160034.
  • BBC SOUTH TODAY. Programme number: B:RSRW042L. Date: 17/10/1983. Catalogue number: 11950.
  • THE VISIT: THE GOLDEN VOYAGE. Programme number: NGWJ001K. Date: 26/11/1986. Catalogue number: 124891.
  • BBC SOUTH TODAY. Programme number: D:RSRW750A. Date: 14/12/1988. Catalogue number: 269219.
  • BBC SOUTH TODAY. Programme number: E:RSRW243J. Date: 26/09/1991. Catalogue number: 366162.

External links[edit]