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Rudolf Steiner's exercises for spiritual development

Rudolf Steiner developed exercises aimed at cultivating new cognitive faculties he believed would be appropriate to contemporary individual and cultural development. According to Steiner's view of history, in earlier periods people were capable of direct spiritual perceptions, or clairvoyance, but not yet of rational thought. Steiner proposed that humanity now has the task of synthesizing the rational and contemplative/spiritual components of cognition, whereby spiritual perception would be awakened through intensifying thinking, he considered this relevant not only to personal development, but as a foundation for advanced scientific research. A central principle of Steiner's proposed path to spiritual development is that self-development - inner transformation - is a necessary part of the spiritual path: "for every step in spiritual perception, three steps are to be taken in moral development." According to the spiritual philosophy Steiner founded, moral development: reveals the extent to which a person has achieved control over his or her inner life.

Steiner described three stages of meditative progress: imaginative cognition and intuition. In imaginative cognition, the meditant aims to achieve thinking independent of sensory perception through concentration on either visual forms of symbolic significance never encountered in the sensory world, metamorphoses, or mantric verses spoken aloud or silently. In inspiration, the meditant seeks to eliminate all consciously chosen meditative content to open a receptive space in which objective spiritual content may be encountered; the meditative activity established in inspirative cognition is set forth without concrete content. The stage of intuition is achieved through practicing exercises of will. At this stage, the meditant seeks unity with the creative forces of the cosmos without any loss of his or her individualized consciousness; this sequence of meditative stages has the ultimate goal of the meditant experiencing his or her own karma and previous incarnations, as well as the "Akashic record" of historical events.

Steiner believed that in order for a spiritual training to bear "healthy fruits," a person would have to attend to the following: Striving to develop a healthy body and soul. Feeling connected with all of existence. Recognizing that one's thoughts and feelings have as significant an influence as one's deeds, that work on one's inner life is as important as work on one's outer life. Recognizing that the true essence of a human being does not lie in the person's outer appearance, but rather in the inner nature, in the soul and spiritual existence of this person. Finding the genuine balance between having an open heart for the demands of the outer world and maintaining inner strength and "unshakeable endurance." The ability to be true to a decision once made in the face of daunting adversity, until one comes to the conclusion that it was or is made in error. Developing thankfulness for everything that meets us, that universal love which allows the world to reveal itself to oneself. Steiner suggested that certain exercises should accompany all meditational practices as a measure of protection against possible negative influences caused by the meditation in the life of the individual.

These six exercises, meant to foster positive soul qualities, are: Practice self-control over one's thinking. For example: for a period of time -at least five minutes- contemplate any object and concentrate one's thoughts on this object. Exercise willpower by choosing any free deed, i.e. one that nothing is influencing you to do, choose a regular time of day or day of the week to practice this. Practice equanimity: foster calm emotional responses. Try to see positive aspects in everything and to make the best out of every situation. Practice being open to new experiences and ideas, never letting expectations based upon the past close your mind to the lessons of the moment. Find a harmonious, balanced relationship between the above five qualities, practicing each and becoming able to move dynamically between them; the initial three exercises are intended to enable a person to attain self-discipline in thinking and feeling. The second group of three involve cultivating attitudes toward the world.

Exercises developed in anthroposophy include: Review of the day. Each evening, going backwards through the day recalling its events, its sequential unfolding, the people one has met, etc. Experiencing the year's unfolding. Exercises Steiner suggested here include:Drawing the same plant or tree or landscape over the course of a year. Meditating the sequence of 52 mantric verses that Steiner wrote to deepen one's experience of the course of the seasons and the year and to bring t

Karpasia (town)

Karpasia, Latinized as Carpasia, known as Karpasion, was an ancient town in Cyprus, situated in the northern shore of the Karpas Peninsula, at a distance of 3 km from the modern town of Rizokarpaso. According to tradition, it was founded by the Phoenician King Pygmalion of Tyre, it had a harbour. According to archaeological evidence, the earliest possible date for the foundation of the town is the 7th century BC, it was first mentioned in literature in 399 BC. The town was mentioned by the writers including Strabo. In 306 BC, the town was the site of landing for Demetrius I of Macedon, whose forces stormed Carpasia and the neighbouring town of Urania, before proceeding to Salamis; the architectural style as well as the techniques used in building the stone houses of the town incorporated elements of Phoenician influence. Its first-known bishop, was ordained by Epiphanius of Salamis in the 4th century. Another bishop of the see, was present at the Council of Chalcedon in 451; the chroniclers mention the names of three other bishops, a fourth occurs on a seal, all without dates.

Another is quoted in the "Constitutio Cypria" of Pope Alexander IV. No longer a residential bishopric, Carpasia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see

Evo 2004

The 2004 Evolution Championship Series was a fighting game event held at the California State Polytechnic University, Southern California on July 29 to August 1. The event featured nine fighting games on the main lineup, including Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike and Marvel vs. Capcom 2. While in previous Evolution events all competitions were held on arcade machines, most tournaments at Evo 2004 were played on video game consoles. Evo 2004 featured the first Street Fighter match between Daigo Umehara and Justin Wong, in which Umehara executed the "Daigo Parry"; the controversial final match of the Soulcalibur II tournaments held at Evo 2004 motivated the implementation of a collusion rule still in use today. The sixth Evolution Championship Series was held at the California State Polytechnic University, Southern California on July 29 to August 1. Evo 2004 featured 700 participants from over 30 nations, each competing in one or more of the nine tournaments held at the event. In order to create an easier situation for staff and increase the average play time of participants, the double-elimination-style tournaments of previous Evo events was replaced with a round-robin/double-elimination pool system.

In the old system, some players would find themselves being eliminated from a tournament after losing two games, but because of the newly implemented system each participant would face of against at least nine other players during the preliminary pool. Up until Evo 2004, every Evolution event relied entirely on arcade cabinets. However, arcade hardware has always been difficult to geta hold of for games that do not run on Capcom's CP System II system boards. Furthermore, arcade hardware would offer up technical issues. Lastly, competitors complained that the arcade hardware available at Evolution was different from the hardware they have trained on. In order to solve these issues, the Evolution organizers opted to switch to using video game consoles only at the tournament, where participants have to bring their own game controllers. Only the Street Fighter III: Third Strike tournament held at Evo 2004 was played on arcade hardware, because the Street Fighter Anniversary Collection release date was pushed back to August.

Tournament organizers opted to turn the team tournaments, which were traditionally exhibition matches, into a main part of the event. Two seeded team tournaments in Capcom vs. SNK 2 and Marvel vs. Capcom 2 and a Pair Play tournament for Tekken Tag Tournament were held at Evo 2014. Evo 2004 featured a "Bring Your Own Console" area, where people were able to set up smaller-scale tournaments of games not on the main roster. Despite having never matched off against each other before, the Japanese Daigo Umehara and American Justin Wong were known for having a supposed rivalry with each other due to their differences in gaming philosophies; the two players met each other in the loser's finals of Evo 2004's Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike tournament. Umehara, playing using the character Ken, was down to his last pixel of vitality and any special attack by Wong's Chun-Li could knock Ken out. Wong attempted to hit his opponent with Chun-Li's multihit "Super Art" move, forcing Umehara to parry 15 attacks in a short period of time.

Umehara did so and went on to counter a final kick of Chun-Li in mid-air before launching a combo move himself and winning the match. Though Umehara lost the grand finals to Kenji Obata, the clip of him parrying Wong's multihit attack became hugely influential and has been compared to famous sports moments such as Babe Ruth's called shot and the Miracle on Ice; the final match of the Soulcalibur II tournament at Evo 2004 was held between the friends Rob "RTD" Combs and Marquette "Mick" Yarbrough. The two were accused for collusion and not taking the fight playing using different characters than usual and playing on a "sub-par level"; the two disputed these claims. Though Combs and Yarbrough were not punished directly, Evo went on to implement a "collusion rule", stating that players who purposely manipulate a match or intentionally underperform would forfeit prize and title. Speaking with GiantBomb in 2013, Evo-founder Tom Cannon stated that "they broke the spirit of the tournament.... We were like'fine, this happened, let's make sure this is never gonna happen again.'"

Evolution's anti-collusion measure was further expanded in 2013 and is still in place

Castletown Geoghegan

Castletown Geoghegan is a town in County Westmeath and lies south west of Lough Ennell near the county town of Mullingar. Castletown was the seat of the Geoghegan family of the medieval Barony of Moycashel, County Westmeath; the family were descendants of the Southern Ui Neill. They were major landholders in south Westmeath maintained a peaceful co existence with the Tudor reconquest through surrender and regrant under with their leader accepting the Captaincy from Elizabeth I; as the reign of the Stuarts led to the Civil War and the appalling events of 1641 to the Cromwellian invasion, the family suffered great losses following the Down Survey and ensuing Plantations that followed on. The War of the Three Kingdoms finalized the confiscation, they lost a considerable portion their estates to Gustavus Lambart through confiscation prior to the final publication of the Down Survey. The abundant productivity of the rich grazing being self-evident, the Lambarts of Kilcoursey contrived to procure much of it early in the process.

The Restoration resettlement Acts of the late 17th century indeed favored the retention of land by some of the esconsced Cromwellian Adventurers and Undertakers and some to their traditional owners. Some small holdings of the rich grazing lakeland was restored to the Geoghegans, it did not help the case for a greater degree restoration of Geoghegan land that the chieftain Bryan and many of his allies of the "Irish of Meath" coalition refused to sign the mandatory pledges and undertakings of fealty to the new regime of William and Mary and the established church. Political acumen, was not their strong suit; the Geoghegan leaders, along with many more native landholders were headed for exile and Connaught. The Mac Eochagáin family are descended from son of Niall Naoi Noigíallach. Niall is reputed to have captured and enslaved the teenage Magnus Succetus - who returned to preach Christianity as Patricius - in a raid on the Cumbrian or Welsh coast; the descendants of Niall's son Fiacha were collectively known as Cenel Fhiachaigh, of the southern Ui Neill.

In the general political reform following the Tudor Conquest, the somewhat reduced medieval barony was subject to the'Surrender and Regrant' process and the adroit Geoghegan family Chief Kedagh complied and was accorded the title of'Captain' Geoghegan in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. He resided in the principal Geoghegan castle of the barony, located in the village at this time; the Geoghegan family had led a group of local Gaelic chieftains in a notable and powerful long term alliance. The'Irish of Meath' included the O'Melaghlin, O'Maolmhuidhe, Fox and Brennan families; these native septs all suffered heavy property confiscation after the Confederate / Commonwealth Wars. They are prominent in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, a notable collection of historical records. Many families received offers of Surrender and Regrant deals after the Restoration, but some families rejected the terms. Recalcitrants were reluctant to adhere to the terms of oaths of fealty required; the Annals collection was translated from the original Irish into Elizabethan English by Conall Geoghegan, a 16th-century Franciscan friar.

Abbe James Mac Geoghegan, born in nearby Uisneach, wrote his celebrated Mac Geoghegan's History of Ireland at Chartres in France in the 18th century. This history became Eamon De Valera's desk companion for his political life; the surrounding territories were held by the Tyrrells of the Dillon's of Drumrany. The Nugents of Delvin Lords Delvin and Marquess of Westmeath and the Tuites of Sonagh were to the east. Among the most popular local sports are G. A. A. Football and hurling; the Castletown Geoghegan Hurling Club sports the amber stripe. It was introduced by a Kilkenny railway employee, became a tradition here; the club holds 13 senior hurling titles, 1923, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1964, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1990, 2004, 2013 and 2017. The club has a strong junior component, it achieved two National titles at under the 14 level in 2007 and 2010. The club crest depicts the ruins of a castle on the shores of Lough Ennel with the sun rising in the background; the 1946 Epsom Derby winner, Airborne was bred near the village in 1943.

Oscar Time was trained locally by the successful horse trainer and jockey. List of towns and villages in Ireland Dermot Farrell Nomenclature The historic and literary term as Gaeilge is well established as Baile Chaisleain Mag Eochagain; the name applied by Mr. O'Cuiv's Commission is neither traditional Gaeilge or family origin approved. George Boyd-Rochfort, VC, is buried in Castletown Old Churchyard Alan Mangan, Gaelic footballer, is from Castletown Geoghegan Geoghegan Clan Field Study of the midlands Niall of the Nine Hostages Westmeath County Council information source

Albert Chamberland

Albert Chamberland was a Canadian violinist, conductor, music producer, music educator. As a violinist he performed as a chamber musician with a number of ensembles, including the Beethoven Trio with whom he made some early recordings for His Master's Voice during the first decade of the 20th century. For HMV he was a concert soloist as well, he performed with a variety of orchestras, serving as the Montreal Symphony Orchestra's first concertmaster. Chamberland created several compositions for band and orchestra. Born in Montreal, Chamberland began his musical training in his native city with Jean A. Duquette before entering the conservatory at McGill University where he was a pupil of Alfred De Sève, his sister Luce was married to bassist Ulysse Paquin. Chamberland began his career as a violin soloist in 1904 at the age of 18, he soon began playing in J.-J. Goulet's Montreal Symphony Orchestra. From 1907-1910 he was a member of the Beethoven Trio and from 1910-1920 he played in the Dubois String Quartet.

In 1920 Chamberland helped. That same year he was appointed the first violinist of the Chamberland String Quartet whose members included Norman Herschorn, Eugène Chartier, Raoul Duquette, he played with that quartet through 1925. In 1921 he conducted the Societé du Musique de chambre. In 1932 he became a member of the Montreal Orchestra, he joined the newly formed Montreal Symphony Orchestra in 1934, serving as the orchestra's concertmaster and assistant conductor. Chamberland worked as a music producer for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation from 1937-1952; some of the programs he was responsible for producing were CBC Radio's The Little Symphonies and Récital. His compositional output was small, consisting of an Allegro militaire for band, a Sérénade for violin and piano, an Étude de concert d'après Rode, a Fantaisie on the tune "Un Canadien errant", he performed the latter work at the Monument national on 13 April 1926. Chamberland taught music throughout his career and on the music faculties of the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal, the Conservatoire national de musique, the Villa Maria School.

He was active as music competition judge. Among his students are Alexander Brott, Isabelle Delorme, René Gagnier, Norman Herschorn, Lucien Martin, Romain-Octave Pelletier II, he died in Montreal in 1975 at the age of 88