Michigan State University
Michigan State University is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan. MSU was founded in 1855 and served as a model for land-grant universities created under the Morrill Act of 1862; the university was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, one of the country's first institutions of higher education to teach scientific agriculture. After the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is one of the largest universities in the United States and has 563,000 living alumni worldwide. U. S. News & World Report ranks many of its graduate programs among the best in the nation, including African history, criminology and organizational psychology, educational psychology and secondary education, osteopathic medicine, human medicine, nuclear physics, rehabilitation counseling, supply chain/logistics, veterinary medicine. MSU pioneered the studies of packaging, hospitality business, supply chain management, communication sciences.
Michigan State is a member of the Association of American Universities, an organization of 62 leading research universities in North America. The university's campus houses the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden, the Abrams Planetarium, the Wharton Center for Performing Arts, the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, the country's largest residence hall system; the Michigan State Spartans compete in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference. Michigan State Spartans football won the Rose Bowl Game in 1954, 1956, 1988 and 2014, a total of six national championships. Spartans men's basketball won the NCAA National Championship in 1979 and 2000 and has attained the Final Four eight times since the 1998–1999 season, including in 2019 with a victory over Duke. Spartans ice hockey won NCAA national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007; the Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school," though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.
Classes began on May 13, 1857, with three buildings, five faculty members, 63 male students. The first president, Joseph R. Williams, designed a curriculum that required more scientific study than any undergraduate institution of the era, it balanced science, liberal arts, practical training. The curriculum excluded Latin and Greek studies since most applicants did not study any classical languages in their rural high schools. However, it did require three hours of daily manual labor, which kept costs down for both the students and the College. Despite Williams' innovations and his defense of education for the masses, the State Board of Education saw Williams' curriculum as elitist, they reduced the curriculum to a two-year vocational program. In 1860, Williams became acting lieutenant governor and helped pass the Reorganization Act of 1861; this gave the college the power to grant master's degrees. Under the act, a newly created body, known as the State Board of Agriculture, took over from the State Board of Education in running the institution.
The college changed its name to State Agricultural College, its first class graduated in the same year. As the Civil War had begun, there was no time for an elaborate graduation ceremony; the first alumni enlisted to the Union Army. Williams died, the following year, Abraham Lincoln signed the First Morrill Act of 1862 to support similar colleges, making the Michigan school a national model. Shortly thereafter, on March 18, 1863, the state designated the college its land-grant institution making Michigan State University one of the nation's first land-grant college; the college first admitted women in 1870, although at that time there were no female residence halls. The few women who enrolled boarded with faculty families or made the arduous stagecoach trek from Lansing. From the early days, female students took the same rigorous scientific agriculture courses as male students. In 1896, the faculty created a "Women Course" that melded a home economics curriculum with liberal arts and sciences.
That same year, the College turned the Abbot Hall male dorm into a women's dormitory. It was not until 1899 that the State Agricultural College admitted its first African American student, William O. Thompson. After graduation, he taught at. President Jonathan L. Snyder invited its president Booker T. Washington to be the Class of 1900 commencement speaker. A few years Myrtle Craig became the first woman African-American student to enroll at the College. Along with the Class of 1907, she received her degree from U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt, commencement speaker for the Semi-Centennial celebration; the City of East Lansing was incorporated the same year, two years the college changed its name to Michigan Agricultural College. During the early 20th century, M. A. C. Expanded its curriculum well beyond agriculture. By 1925 it had expanded enough it changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. In 1941, the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, John A. Hannah, became president of the College.
After World War II, he began the largest expansion in the institution's history, with the help of the 1945 G. I. Bill, which helped World War II veterans gain college educations. One of Hannah's strategies was to build a new dormitory building, enroll enough students to fill it, use the income to start construction on a new dormitory. Under his plan, enrollment increased fr
Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Indiana University of Pennsylvania is a public research university in Indiana County, Pennsylvania. As of fall 2016, the university enrolled 10,618 undergraduates and 2,235 postgraduates, for a total enrollment of 12,853 students; the university is 55 miles northeast of Pittsburgh. It is governed by a local Council of Trustees and the Board of Governors of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. IUP has branch campuses at Punxsutawney and Monroeville. IUP is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. IUP was conceived as first chartered in 1871 by Indiana County investors; the school was created under the Normal School Act, which passed the Pennsylvania General Assembly on May 20, 1875. Normal schools established under the act were to be private corporations in no way dependent upon the state treasury, they were to be "state" normal schools only in the sense of being recognized by the commonwealth.
The school opened its doors in 1875 following the mold of the French École Normale. It enrolled just 225 students. All normal school events were held within a single building which contained a laboratory school for model teaching. Control and ownership of the institution passed to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1920. In 1927, by authority of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, it became State Teachers College at Indiana, with the right to grant degrees; as its mission expanded, the name was changed again in 1959 to Indiana State College. In 1965, the institution achieved university status and became Indiana University of Pennsylvania, or IUP. IUP total enrollment peaked in the Fall of 2012 at 15,379 and declined since, reporting a total enrollment of 12,316 for the Fall of 2017; this decline in enrollment caused financial difficulties for the university which struggled to cover costs for its 2010 dormitory expansion. IUP offers over 140 undergraduate degree programs and 70 graduate degree programs under the direction of eight Eberly College of Business and Information Technology – 2,338 undergraduate.
IUP's 374-acre main campus is a mix of 62 new red brick structures. Its original building, a Victorian structure named John Sutton Hall once housed the entire school. Today Sutton Hall is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it stands at the heart of campus—there was a fight to preserve it in 1974 when the administration scheduled it for demolition. Today it houses many administrative offices and reception areas. Breezedale Alumni Center is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Victorian mansion was once home to a Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice. The campus boasts a planetarium, University Museum, black box theater, Hadley Union Building, extensive music library, a newly remodeled Cogswell Hall for the university's music community. Stapleton Library boasts over 2 million microform units. At the heart of campus is the Oak Grove. Many alumni recall the many events that occur there. In January 2000 former President Lawrence K. Pettit established a board to create the Allegheny Arboretum at IUP.
This group works to furnish the Oak Grove with flora native to the region. The university operates an Academy of Culinary Arts in Punxsutawney and a police academy at its main campus; the university's Student Cooperative Association owns College Lodge several miles from campus. It provides skiing, biking and disc golfing opportunities. Boat access is made available through the Cooperative Association. Over the last five years, IUP has demolished most of the 1970 era dormitories on campus. Demolition began during summer 2006 and facilities are being replaced with modern suites. Construction is ongoing with seven new dormitories completed for Fall 2009. Two more suite-style buildings were completed by Fall 2010; that semester, the ribbon cutting ceremony at Stephenson Hall was considered to have finished the four-year-long "residence hall revival". These suite-style rooms are similar to those being built at other universities in PaSSHE. Acacia Alpha Chi Sigma Alpha Delta Alpha Phi Alpha Alpha Phi Omega Alpha Tau Delta Delta Omicron Delta Sigma Phi Delta Tau Delta Kappa Alpha Psi Kappa Delta Rho Kappa Sigma Iota Phi Theta IUPXC Men of God Christian Fraternity Omega Psi Phi Phi Beta Sigma Phi Kappa Psi Phi Kappa Tau Phi Mu Alpha Phi Delta Theta Phi Mu Delta Phi Sigma Kappa Phi Sigma Pi Pi Lambda Phi Pi Kappa Phi Rho Tau Chi Sigma Alpha Iota Sigma Alpha Lambda Sigma Chi Sigma Pi Sigma Tau Gamma Theta Chi Phi Gamma Nu Alpha Kappa Delta Alpha Kappa Alpha Alpha Gamma Delta Alpha Sigma Alpha Alpha Sigma Tau Alpha Xi Delta Chi Upsilon Sigma Delta Gamma Delta Phi Epsilon Delta Sigma Theta Delta Tau Sigma Delta Zeta
Western Illinois University
Western Illinois University is a public university located in Macomb, United States. It was founded in 1899 as Western Illinois State Normal School. Like many similar institutions of the time, Western Illinois State Normal School focused on teacher training for its small body of students; as the normal school grew, it became Western Illinois State Teachers College. Western Illinois University was founded in 1899; the land for the university was donated to the state of Illinois by Macomb's Freemasons. Macomb was in direct competition with Quincy and other candidates as the site for a "western" university; the Illinois legislature selected Macomb as the location. University administrators uncovered evidence of the Freemasons' efforts on Macomb's behalf when they opened Sherman Hall's cornerstone during their centennial celebrations. Sherman Hall served as the university's primary facility for many years, but as the university and its programs expanded, a need surfaced for further expansion. Today, the Macomb campus consists of 53 buildings over 1,050 acres.
Sherman Hall is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Western's presence in the Quad Cities spans more than 40 years. In Fall 1960, the university offered its first undergraduate course in the Quad Cities. Western Illinois University is composed of four academic colleges: Arts & Sciences, Business & Technology, Education & Human Services, Fine Arts & Communication, in addition to an Honors College the School of Extended Studies, which includes nontraditional programs. Ranked 413 among the best public and private colleges and universities, from the student's point of view in Forbes; the university offers 69 undergraduate majors, over 51 bachelor's degree programs and 13 pre-professional degrees at the undergraduate level. At the graduate level, 42 degree and certificate programs are offered. 95% of all courses are taught by full-time faculty. The University offers a Doctorate of Education in Educational Leadership, established in 2005. Western’s Cost Guarantee Plan is a four-year fixed rate for tuition, fees and board that remains in place as long as students are continuously enrolled.
Western was one of the first institutions in America, the first state university in Illinois, to offer the guarantee. WIU's program served as a model for all other Illinois state universities through the state's "Truth in Tuition" program. Western Illinois offers the Cost Guarantee for graduate students enrolled in a degree program, as well as to transfer students earning an associate degree; those students who transfer to WIU the following semester upon completing their associate degree will receive the previous year's cost guarantee rates. WIU provides the FYE Program for all incoming freshmen; this program is designed to ease the transition from high school to college, fosters the participation of FYE students in co-curricular events such as concerts, art exhibits, guest lectures. In addition to their FYE program, WIU provides a TYE program to interested students; this program is aimed at introducing transfer students to the services and resources on campus within a residential setting. Five libraries make up the WIU Libraries system.
The current Dean of Libraries is Michael Lorenzen. Completed in November 1975, Memorial Library is the main branch of the library system. Designed by Gyo Obata, Malpass Library stands at 222,000 square feet. Other WIU libraries include the Music Library, Physical Sciences Library, Curriculum Library, the WIU-Quad Cities Library, opened in the late 1990s to support WIU's growing presence in the Quad Cities. Western Illinois University Libraries house several archives and special collections that aid in documenting the history of the west-central Illinois region; the libraries are the home for the Center for Hancock County History, the Center for Icarian Studies, the Civil War Collection, the Decker Press Collection and the Mormon Collection. The library's one millionth volume, Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, His Progenitors for Many Generations, by Lucy Mack Smith, was added in 2002. Western Illinois University is home to the Centennial Honors College, founded in 1983 in order to attract more adept students as freshmen, as well as an avenue by which the most talented students at Western Illinois could distinguish themselves from other students at the university.
Accordingly, the GPA admissions standard for the Centennial Honors College is nearly a full grade point higher than the minimum GPA of any other college at the university, the second being the College of Business and Technology. Honors students complete a series of courses and projects unavailable to average students studying at Western Illinois, are eligible for a host of exclusive foundation scholarships. Due to the intense nature of honors coursework, students vying for a spot in the Centennial Honors College should be prepared to dedicate additional time and effort to their schoolwork. Honors can be completed in many of the majors at Western Illinois, but there has not been a curriculum fashioned for every discipline. Consistent with its mission, the Macomb Honors Program provides a curriculum consisting of special tutorials, guided studies, research projects, as well as opportunities to develop leadership and professional skills and participate in community and social services. A unique curriculum, honors
Indiana University Bloomington
Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university in Bloomington, Indiana. It is the flagship institution of the Indiana University system and, with over 40,000 students, its largest university. Indiana University is a "Public Ivy" university and ranks in the top 100 national universities in the U. S. and among the top 50 public universities. It is a member of the Association of American Universities and has numerous schools and programs, including the Jacobs School of Music, the School of Informatics and Engineering, the O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs, the Kelley School of Business, the School of Public Health, the School of Nursing, the School of Optometry, the Maurer School of Law, the School of Education, the Media School, the Hamilton Lugar School of Global and International Studies; as of Fall 2017, 43,710 students attend Indiana University. While 55.1% of the student body was from Indiana, students from all 50 states, Washington, D. C. Puerto Rico and 165 countries were enrolled.
As of 2018, the average ACT score is a 28 and an SAT score of 1276. The university is home to an extensive student life program, with more than 750 student organizations on campus and with around 17 percent of undergraduates joining the Greek system. Indiana athletic teams are known as the Indiana Hoosiers; the university is a member of the Big Ten Conference. Indiana's faculty and alumni include nine Nobel laureates, 17 Rhodes Scholars, 17 Marshall Scholars, five MacArthur Fellows. In addition and alumni have won six Academy Awards, 49 Grammy Awards, 32 Emmy Awards, 20 Pulitzer Prizes, four Tony Awards, 104 Olympic medals. Notable Indiana alumni include James Watson, one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. Indiana's state government in Corydon established Indiana University on January 20, 1820, as the "State Seminary." Construction began in 1822 at what is now called Seminary Square Park near the intersection of Second Street and College Avenue. The first professor was Baynard Rush Hall, a Presbyterian minister who taught all of the classes in 1825–27.
In the first year, he taught twelve students and was paid $250. Hall was a classicist who focused on Greek and Latin and believed that the study of classical philosophy and languages formed the basis of the best education; the first class graduated in 1830. From 1820 to 1889 a legal-political battle was fought between IU and Vincennes University as to, the legitimate state university. In 1829, Andrew Wylie became the first president, serving until his death in 1851; the school's name was changed to "Indiana College" in 1829, to "Indiana University" in 1839. Wylie and David Maxwell, president of the board of trustees, were devout Presbyterians, they spoke of the nonsectarian status of the school but hired fellow Presbyterians. Presidents and professors were expected to set a moral example for their charges. After six ministers in a row, the first non-clergyman to become president was the young biology professor David Starr Jordan, in 1885. Jordan followed Baptist theologian Lemuel Moss, who resigned after a scandal broke regarding his involvement with a female professor.
Jordan improved the university's finances and public image, doubled its enrollment, instituted an elective system along the lines of his alma mater, Cornell University. Jordan became president of Stanford University in June 1891. Growth of the college was slow. In 1851, IU had seven professors. IU admitted its first woman student, Sarah Parke Morrison, in 1867, making IU the fourth public university to admit women on an equal basis with men. Morrison went on to become the first female professor at IU in 1873. Mathematician Joseph Swain was IU's first Hoosier-born president, 1893 to 1902, he established Kirkwood Hall in 1894. He began construction for Science Hall in 1901. During his presidency, student enrollment increased from 524 to 1,285. In 1883, IU awarded its first Ph. D. and played its first intercollegiate sport, prefiguring the school's future status as a major research institution and a power in collegiate athletics. But another incident that year was of more immediate concern: the original campus in Seminary Square burned to the ground.
The college was rebuilt between 1884 and 1908 at the far eastern edge of Bloomington. One challenge was that Bloomington's limited water supply was inadequate for its population of 12,000 and could not handle university expansion; the University commissioned a study. In 1902, IU enrolled 1203 undergraduates. There were 82 graduate students including ten from out-of-state; the curriculum emphasized the classics, as befitted a gentleman, stood in contrast to the service-oriented curriculum at Purdue, which presented itself as of direct benefit to farmers and businessmen. The first extension office of IU was opened in Indianapolis in 1916. In 1920/1921 the School of Music and the School of Commerce and Finance (what becam
California State University, Fresno
California State University, Fresno is a public university in Fresno, California. It is one of 23 campuses within the California State University system; the university had a Fall 2016 enrollment of 24,405 students. It offers bachelor's degrees in 60 areas of study, 45 master's degrees, 3 doctoral degrees, 12 certificates of advanced study, 2 different teaching credentials; the university's unique facilities include an on-campus planetarium, on-campus raisin and wine grape vineyards, a commercial winery, where student-made wines have won over 300 awards since 1997. Members of Fresno State's nationally ranked Top 10 Equestrian Team have the option of housing their horses on campus, next to indoor and outdoor arenas. Fresno State has a 50,000-square-foot Student Recreation Center and the third-largest library, in terms of square footage, in the California State University system; the university is classified as a doctoral university with moderate research activity in the Carnegie Classification, as of the February 1, 2016 update.
Fresno State was founded as the Fresno State Normal School in 1911 with Charles Lourie McLane as its first president. The original campus was. In 1956, Fresno State moved its campus to its present location in the northeast part of the city and FCC bought the old campus and moved back in, it became Fresno State College in 1949. It became a charter institution of the California State University System in 1961. In 1972 the name was changed to California State University, Fresno; the greater campus extends from Bulldog Stadium on the west boundary to Highway 168 on the east side. The University Agricultural Laboratory designates the northern boundary of the campus, while Shaw Avenue designates the southern edge; the 388 acres main campus features more than 46 modern buildings. An additional 34 structures are on the 1,011 acre University Agricultural Laboratory, used for agronomic and horticulture crops, swine, dairy and sheep units as well as several hundred acres of cattle rangeland. Fresno State was designated as an arboretum in 1979 and now has more than 3200 trees on campus.
Fresno State operates the first university-based commercial winery in the United States. The Henry Madden Library is a main resource for recorded knowledge and information supporting the teaching and service functions of Fresno State; because of its size and depth, it is an important community and regional resource and a key part of the institution's role as a regional university. The library underwent a $105 million renovation, completed in February 2009; the library held its grand opening on February 19, 2009 and is now home to a variety of book collections. The library houses 1,000,000 books in its 327,920 sq ft; the library is home to the largest installation of compact shelving on any single floor in the United States. The shelves amount to over 20 miles in length, it is the third largest library in the CSU system, among the top ten largest in the CSU system based on the number of volumes. It is the largest academic building on the Fresno State campus; the five-story building features seating areas for 4,000 people, group study rooms, wireless access and a Starbucks.
Public computers are available. Student and staff have access to over 200 wireless laptops, a media production lab for editing digital video and audio, an instruction and collaboration center for teaching information literacy skills. Reference assistance can be accessed by telephone, e-mail, instant messaging, text messaging, in-person in the Library; the Henry Madden Library features a number of special collections such as the Arne Nixon Center, a research center for the study of children's and young adult literature, the Central Valley Political Archive. Michael Gorman, the former dean of the Library, was the President of the American Library Association in 2005–2006; as of 2017, Delritta Hornbuckle is the Library's Dean. Fresno State was the first of all 23 CSU campuses to offer an individual-campus doctorate. At the graduate level, Fresno State offers the following nationally ranked programs: part-time MBA, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, Social Work. A joint doctoral program in collaboration with San Jose State University for a doctor of nursing practice degree is administered through Fresno State University.
California State University, Fresno is accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. The five engineering programs in the Lyles College of Engineering are each accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET; the Craig School of Business is AACSB accredited. The university is classified by the U. S. Federal government as an Asian American Native American Pacific Islander-Serving Institution and an Hispanic-serving institution because the Hispanic undergraduate full-time-equivalent student enrollment is greater than 25%. Jordan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technology College of Arts and Humanities Craig School of Business Kremen School of Education and Human Development Lyles College of Engineering College of Health and Human Services College of Science and Mathematics College of Social Sciences The Smittcamp Family Honors College is a program providing top high school graduates a paid President's Scholarship, which includes tuition and housing, as well as other amenities for the duration of their studies.
Admission to the Smittcamp Family Honors College is competitive and candid