Charles Solomon "Buddy" Myer was an American second baseman in Major League Baseball from 1925 to 1941. An excellent hitter, he batted.300 or better nine times, retired with a career average of.303. Myer walked more than twice as many times. Apart from a brief period with the Boston Red Sox in 1927–28, he spent his entire career with the Washington Senators. Myer was born in Ellisville, the son of Maud and Charles Solomon Myer, a merchant and cotton buyer, he was of English descent. His father's family had converted in an earlier generation. During his lifetime, Myer was incorrectly reported to be Jewish. Myer decided to go to college at Mississippi A&M. In 1923, he attracted many baseball scouts to watch him play; that same year, the Washington Senators offered him a contract. Buddy accepted the contract with the one condition. Myer graduated from Mississippi A&M in 1925, he was discovered by baseball promoter, Joe Engel, who managed the Chattanooga Lookouts at Engel Stadium. He broke in with the Senators in 1925 at the age of 21.
In 1926 he batted.304. In May 1927 he was traded by the Senators to the Red Sox for Topper Rigney. In 1928 he stole a career-high 30 bases for the Red Sox, leading the league, while batting.313, was 5th in the league with 26 sacrifice hits. He came in 9th in AL MVP voting. After the season, the Senators had to give up five ballplayers in trade. In December 1928 the Red Sox traded him to the Senators for Milt Gaston, Hod Lisenbee, Bobby Reeves, Grant Gillis, Elliot Bigelow. In 1929 he batted.300, the following year he batted.303 with an 8th-best 114 runs scored. In 1932 he had a career-high 16 triples, scored a career-high 120 runs. In 1933 he batted.302, in 1934 he batted.305 with 102 walks and a.419 on-base percentage. In 1935 he won the American League batting title with a.349 mark. He had 215 hits, a.440 on-base percentage and 96 walks, played in 151 games, scored 115 runs, had 100 RBIs. He was voted to the All Star team, came in 4th in MVP voting that year. In 1933, Myer was involved in what many still consider to be baseball's most violent brawl, between him and the Yankees' Ben Chapman.
It is alleged that Chapman – who gained great infamy for his taunting of Jackie Robinson in 1947, while Chapman was the manager of the Phillies – not only spiked Myer, but hurled a number of anti-semitic epithets at him. Chapman and Myer's fight spread to the stands. Long suspensions for all involved followed. In 1937 he was selected for the All-Star Game, ended the year with a.407 obp. In 1938 he batted.336, was 2nd with a.454 obp, 7th in walks. In 1939 he batted.302. He died at age 70 in Louisiana. In a 1976 Esquire magazine article, sportswriter Harry Stein published an "All Time All-Star Argument Starter", consisting of five ethnic baseball teams. Myer was the shortstop on Stein's Jewish team. Baseball historian Bill James reported that Myer "told a home-town newspaperman shortly before his death in 1974 that he was not Jewish, he was German", that he "never set the record straight". Despite this late-life denial, the truth appears to be that while Myer's father of the same name, Charles Solomon Myer, was of Jewish origin, his mother Maud was not.
Thus, Myer was ethnically only half-Jewish, was not raised in the faith. List of Major League Baseball career hits leaders List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders List of Major League Baseball career runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball batting champions List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference Baseball Cube stats Fangraphs stats
Patrick Henry "Patsy" Dougherty was a Major League Baseball outfielder from 1902 to 1911. He played for the Boston Americans, the New York Highlanders, the Chicago White Sox. On July 29, 1903, Dougherty became the second Red Sox player to hit for the cycle. In Game 2 of the 1903 World Series, the first modern World Series, Dougherty became the first player to accomplish several feats. Dougherty died in Bolivar, New York, at the age of 63 and was buried at St. Mary Catholic Cemetery in Bolivar. List of Major League Baseball players to hit for the cycle List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders List of Major League Baseball annual runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders Anselmo, Ray. "Patsy Dougherty". SABR. Retrieved October 19, 2017. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Patsy Dougherty at Find a Grave
Elmer Harrison Flick was an American professional baseball outfielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1898 to 1910 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Bronchos/Naps. In 1,483 career games Flick recorded a.313 batting average while accumulating 164 triples, 1,752 hits, 330 stolen bases, 756 runs batted in. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1963. Flick began his career in semi-professional baseball and played in minor league baseball for two years, he was noticed by George Stallings, the manager of the Phillies, who signed Flick as a reserve outfielder. Flick was pressed into a starting role in 1898, he excelled as a starter. Flick jumped to the Athletics in 1902, but an court injunction prevented him from playing in Pennsylvania, he joined the Naps, where he continued to play for the remainder of his major league career, curtailed by a stomach ailment. Flick was known predominantly for his solid speed, he led the National League in RBIs in 1900, led the American League in stolen bases in 1904 and 1906, in batting average in 1905.
Flick was born on January 11, 1876, the third of five children of Zachary and Mary Flick, on the family farm in Bedford, Ohio. His father was a mechanic who had served in the American Civil War. Flick attended Bedford High School, he played American football and boxed. Flick entered semi-professional baseball by chance; when he was 15 years old, he was at a train station to support the local baseball team as it left for a road trip. Only eight of the team's players showed up at the station, so Flick was recruited to go on the trip with the team. Though Flick did not have a uniform or shoes, he hit well in both games of the doubleheader, though Bedford lost both games, he joined the Bedford team on a regular basis, he continued to play semi-pro baseball throughout his teenage years. In 1896, the manager of the Youngstown Puddlers of the Interstate League signed Flick; because the team had an established catcher, Flick played in the outfield, where he struggled to learn the position. In 31 games, Flick had a.826 fielding percentage.
However, Flick had a strong performance offensively. Using his father's lathe, Flick crafted his own baseball bat, which he used to hit for a.438 batting average. The next year, Flick played for the Dayton Old Soldiers in the Interstate League, as their regular left fielder, his defense improved, as he compiled a.921 fielding percentage, he batted.386. He led the league with 20 triples and 295 total bases. George Stallings, the manager of the Philadelphia Phillies of the National League, noticed Flick while he played for Dayton. Stallings signed Flick to the Phillies to serve as a reserve outfielder for the team in the 1898 season. Starting outfielder Sam Thompson injured his back after six games. In his debut game, Flick went 2-for-3 with two singles against Fred Klobedanz. Thompson returned to the team but reinjured his back and announced his retirement in May, allowing Flick to play regularly. Flick proved himself a capable big leaguer, batting.302 with eight home runs, 13 triples and 81 runs batted in.
In the 1899 season, he batted.342, with 98 RBIs. However, he suffered a serious knee injury in August, reinjured the knee when he returned to the game too quickly. Before the 1900 season, Philadelphia stars Napoleon Lajoie and Ed Delahanty held out of renewing their contracts with the team. Other members of the team had grown disgruntled. Amid talk of a revival of the American Association and several other players began to talk about not returning to the team the next year; the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Flick's father was in the chair business in Cleveland and that he might require Flick's help with the business. Flick agreed to a contract extension; that year, he led the NL with 110 RBIs. He finished second in the NL with a.367 batting average, a.545 slugging percentage, 11 home runs, 59 extra-base hits, 297 total bases. He engaged in a fistfight with Lajoie that caused Lajoie to miss five weeks due to a broken thumb; the race for the batting title came down to the end of the season. The title winner, Honus Wagner said, "I've had a lot of thrills, but don't think I was happier than in 1900 when I won after battling Elmer Flick to the last day of the season for the title."Flick was one of many star NL players who jumped to the fledgling American League after the 1901 season, playing for the crosstown Philadelphia Athletics.
Flick played in 11 games for the Athletics, before the Phillies obtained an injunction from the Pennsylvania Supreme Court prohibiting any player under contract with the Phillies from playing for another team. Though this injunction named Lajoie, Bill Bernhard, Chick Fraser only, it still applied to Flick as well; as a recourse and teammate Lajoie signed instead with the Cleveland Naps, as the Pennsylvania injunction could not be enforced in Ohio. The two players traveled separately from their teammates for the next year, never setting foot in Pennsylvania in order to avoid a subpoena. Flick spent the remainder of his career in Cleveland, the contract dispute was resolved when the leagues made peace in September 1903 with the National Agreement. On July 6, 1902, Flick hit three triples in one game. Between 1900 and 2010, 49 players accomplished that feat. By early 1904, Flick did not want to re-sign with Cleveland for the offered $2,500. Plans were being made to run a railroad through a corner of Flick's farm and Flick hoped to hire some of hi
Tyrus Raymond Cobb, nicknamed The Georgia Peach, was an American Major League Baseball outfielder. He was born in Georgia. Cobb spent 22 seasons with the Detroit Tigers, the last six as the team's player-manager, finished his career with the Philadelphia Athletics. In 1936 Cobb received the most votes of any player on the inaugural Baseball Hall of Fame ballot, receiving 222 out of a possible 226 votes. In 1999, editors at the Sporting News ranked Ty Cobb third on their list of "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players". Cobb is credited with setting 90 MLB records during his career, his combined total of 4,065 runs scored and runs batted in is still the highest produced by any major league player. He still holds several records as of the end of the 2018 season, including the highest career batting average and most career batting titles with 11, he retained many other records for a half century or more, including most career hits until 1985, most career runs until 2001, most career games played and at bats until 1974, the modern record for most career stolen bases until 1977.
He still holds the career record for stealing home and for stealing second base, third base, home in succession, as the youngest player to compile 4,000 hits and score 2,000 runs. Cobb ranks fifth all-time in number of games played and committed 271 errors, the most by any American League outfielder. Cobb's legacy, which includes a large college scholarship fund for Georgia residents financed by his early investments in Coca-Cola and General Motors, has been somewhat tarnished by allegations of racism and violence stemming from a couple of largely-discredited biographies that were released following his death. Cobb's reputation as a violent man was fanned by his first biographer, sportswriter Al Stump, whose stories about Cobb have been discredited as sensationalized, have proven to be fictional. While he was known for violent conflicts, including with African Americans, Cobb's attitudes on race underwent a change following his retirement, he spoke favorably about black players joining the Major Leagues.
Cobb was born in 1886 in Narrows, Georgia, a small rural community of farmers, unincorporated. He was the first of three children born to Amanda Chitwood Cobb. Cobb's father was a state senator; when he was still an infant, his parents moved to nearby Royston. By most accounts, he became fascinated with baseball as a child, decided he wanted to play professional ball one day, he played his first years in organized baseball for the Royston Rompers, the semi-pro Royston Reds, the Augusta Tourists of the South Atlantic League who released him after only two days. He tried out for the Anniston Steelers of the semipro Tennessee–Alabama League, with his father's stern admonition ringing in his ears: "Don't come home a failure!" After joining the Steelers for a monthly salary of $50, Cobb promoted himself by sending several postcards written about his talents under different aliases to Grantland Rice, the sports editor of the Atlanta Journal. Rice wrote a small note in the Journal that a "young fellow named Cobb seems to be showing an unusual lot of talent".
After about three months, Cobb returned to the Tourists and finished the season hitting.237 in 35 games. In August 1905, the management of the Tourists sold Cobb to the American League's Detroit Tigers for US$750. On August 8, 1905, Cobb's mother fatally shot his father with a pistol that his father had purchased for her. Court records indicate that Mr. Cobb had suspected his wife of infidelity and was sneaking past his own bedroom window to catch her in the act, she saw the silhouette of what she presumed to be an intruder and, acting in self-defense and killed her husband. Mrs. Cobb was charged with murder and released on a $7,000 recognizance bond, she was acquitted on March 31, 1906. Cobb attributed his ferocious play to his late father, saying, "I did it for my father, he never got to see me play... but I knew he was watching me, I never let him down."In 1911, Cobb moved to Detroit's architecturally significant and now protected Woodbridge neighborhood, from which he would walk with his dogs to the ballpark prior to games.
The Victorian duplex in which Cobb lived still stands. Three weeks after his mother killed his father, Cobb debuted in center field for the Detroit Tigers. On August 30, 1905, in his first major league at bat, he doubled off of Jack Chesbro of the New York Highlanders. Chesbro had won a record 41 games the previous season. Cobb was 18 years old at the time, the youngest player in the league by a year. Although he hit only.240 in 41 games, he signed a $1,500 contract to play for the Tigers in 1906. Although rookie hazing was customary, Cobb could not endure it in good humor and soon became alienated from his teammates, he attributed his hostile temperament to this experience: "These old-timers turned me into a snarling wildcat." Tigers manager Hughie Jennings acknowledged that Cobb was targeted for abuse by veteran players, some of whom sought to force him off the team. "I let this go for a while because I wanted to satisfy myself that Cobb has as much guts as I thought in the be
Run batted in
A run batted in, plural runs batted in, is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored. For example, if the batter bats a base hit another player on a higher base can head home to score a run, the batter gets credited with batting in that run. Before the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not an official baseball statistic; the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, according to the Society for American Baseball Research. Common nicknames for an RBI include "ribby", "rib", "ribeye"; the plural of RBI is "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it can stand for "runs batted in". The 2018 edition of the Official Baseball Rules of Major League Baseball, Rule 9.04 Runs Batted In, reads A run batted in is a statistic credited to a batter whose action at bat causes one or more runs to score, as set forth in this Rule 9.04.
The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit, sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 9.04 applies. The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; the official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in; the perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, career RBIs are cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs measure the quality of the lineup more than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base.
This implies that better offensive teams—and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base—tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams. Totals are current through June 24, 2018. Active players are in bold. Hank Aaron – 2,297 Babe Ruth – 2,214 Cap Anson - 2,075 Alex Rodríguez – 2,055 Barry Bonds – 1,996 Lou Gehrig – 1,993 Albert Pujols – 1,981 Stan Musial – 1,951 Ty Cobb – 1,944 Jimmie Foxx – 1,922 Eddie Murray – 1,917 Willie Mays - 1,903 Hack Wilson – 191 Lou Gehrig – 185 Hank Greenberg – 183 Jimmie Foxx – 175 Lou Gehrig – 173 12 RBIsJim Bottomley Mark Whiten 11 RBIsWilbert Robinson Tony Lazzeri Phil Weintraub 10 RBIsBy 11 MLB players, most Mark Reynolds on July 7, 2018 Fernando Tatís – 8 Ed Cartwright – 7 Alex Rodriguez – 7 David Freese – 21 Scott Spiezio – 19 Sandy Alomar – 19 David Ortiz – 19 List of Major League Baseball runs batted in records
John Anderson (outfielder)
John Joseph Anderson nicknamed "Honest John" was a Norwegian-born American professional baseball first baseman and outfielder. He played fourteen seasons in Major League Baseball for the Brooklyn Grooms/Bridegrooms, Washington Senators, Brooklyn Bridegrooms/Superbas, Milwaukee Brewers/St. Louis Browns, New York Highlanders, Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox between 1894 and 1908. Anderson was the first of only three Major League baseball players to have been born in Norway, he first appeared in the National League in 1894. He spent the next three full seasons with Brooklyn and was used as an outfielder, batted over.300 in both 1896 and 1897. During the 1898 season, he was sold to the Washington Senators, only to be sold back to Brooklyn four months later, he managed to have one of his best seasons, leading the National League with 22 triples and leading the league in slugging percentage and extra-base hits. Anderson stayed in Brooklyn for the 1899 before being purchased by the Milwaukee Brewers of the newly formed American League.
Anderson was one of the league's best hitters in the AL's first year as a Major League in 1901. As the Brewers' first baseman, he finished second in the league in base hits and doubles, trailing only Nap Lajoie in both categories, ranked third in runs batted in behind Lajoie and Buck Freeman, was sixth in the league with a.330 average. He stayed with the franchise, he played two seasons in St. Louis and recorded identical.284 batting averages in those years. On September 24, 1903, Anderson tried to steal second base when the base was occupied; this particular mistake was referred to as a "John Anderson play" in the early part of the century Anderson was dealt to the New York Highlanders before the 1904 season in exchange for Jack O'Connor. He batted.278 with the club. He was waived after a slow start; the Washington Senators claimed him off of waivers, he recovered to bat.279 on the season, good enough for ninth in the AL in the midst of the dead-ball era. He remained in Washington for the next two seasons.
In 1906, Anderson tied for the American League lead in stolen bases with Elmer Flick. He left Washington. Late that season, when the White Sox faced the Cleveland Naps with both involved in a tight pennant race, Anderson would prove to be the last out in the second perfect game in MLB's modern era, pitched by Addie Joss in a tight pitching duel that saw Anderson's future Hall of Fame team mate Ed Walsh strikeout 15 and allow only one run. Anderson retired from the Major Leagues at the conclusion of the 1908 season. Anderson retired with a.290 career average, 49 home runs, 976 runs batted in. He finished his career with 124 triples tying him for 90th place all-time in that category, he died at the age of 75 in Massachusetts. List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders List of Major League Baseball annual triples leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference John Anderson at BaseballLibrary.com.
John Anderson at Retrosheet
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi