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Johnson County, Arkansas

Johnson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,540; the county seat is Clarksville. Johnson County is Arkansas's 30th county, formed on November 16, 1833, from a portion of Pope County and named for Benjamin Johnson, a Territorial Judge, it is dry county. The Ada Mills Bridge links the Arkansas River between Logan counties, it is named for Ada Mills, a former Republican political activist who lobbied for the structure for forty years before its completion. The notorious bandit Bill Doolin, the founder of the Wild Bunch, was born in Johnson County in 1858 and shot to death on capture in Oklahoma in 1896. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 683 square miles, of which 660 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 64 Highway 21 Highway 103 Highway 109 Highway 123 Newton County Pope County Logan County Franklin County Madison County Ozark National Forest As of the 2000 census, there were 22,781 people, 8,738 households, 6,238 families residing in the county.

The population density was 34 people per square mile. There were 9,926 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.69% White, 1.37% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.62% from other races, 1.43% from two or more races. 6.70 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 8,738 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.60% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,910, the median income for a family was $33,630. Males had a median income of $25,779 versus $19,924 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,097. About 12.90% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over. Over the past few election cycles Johnson County has trended towards the GOP; the last Democrat to carry this county was Arkansas native Bill Clinton in 1996. Clarksville Coal Hill Hartman Knoxville Lamar Gillian Settlement Hickeytown Pittsburg Oark Ozone Hunt Harmony Hagarville Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research.

Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Johnson County are listed below. List of lakes in Johnson County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Johnson County, Arkansas

Anti-Christian Movement (China)

The Anti-Christian Movement was an intellectual and political movement in China in the 1920s. The May Fourth Movement for a New Culture attacked religion of all sorts, including Confucianism and Buddhism as well as Christianity, rejecting all as superstition; the various movements were inspired by modernizing attitudes deriving from both nationalist and socialist ideologies, as well as feeding on older anti-Christian sentiment, in large part due to repeated invasions of China by Western countries. The Chinese Nationalists had sought unity in their country as well as a transformation in the way that their society operated which seemed to rely upon Western thought and/or ideals, they brought forth age-old criticisms about the Western religion and accused the Christian missionaries of participating in it as a way of eliminating the native culture like other foreign imperialists. The most influential publication behind the movement was an article by Zhu Zhixin, a colleague of Sun Yat-sen, entitled What Is Jesus?, first published in 1919 and much republished thereafter.

Zhu argued that Jesus was an ordinary illegitimate peasant child who became the leader of a band of mystical enthusiasts such as were found in Chinese history. One precipitating factor was the publication in 1922 of The Christian Occupation of China, a large-scale study of China's Protestant Christian churches and China's resources. Although the publication had been intended to prepare the way for turning Chinese churches over to Chinese Christians, the title seemed to show a different intent. A student movement was founded, garnering support at a number of universities to oppose the planned meeting of the conference of the World Student Christian Federation in China, more to counter-act the baleful influence of Christianity on China's attempts to modernize; some other motives that were noted was to reclaim the lost infrastructure and temples that were given to the Christian missionaries and were transformed to become schools. Pamphlets and petitions were numerous from 1922 through 1927; the killing of six Christian missionaries during the Nanking Incident of 1927 has been attributed to the influence of the movement, but can be attributed to more generalized xenophobia.

In response to the attacks on Christian missionaries from various Chinese rebellions, the Churches sent out more missionaries to China in a “Faith Movement” to invigorate a call to faith for the Chinese. Despite the rejection and danger, many missionaries were convinced that by the twentieth century, the “Second Coming of Christ” would occur and thus, they seemed desperate to save as many people as they could before it was too late; those that participated in persecuting the American Christian used fear tactics such as destroying the homes of the missionaries or kidnapping them and leaving them stranded somewhere in the wilderness, caused multiple emotional breakdowns for many. American Christians began to become furloughed from all the chaos and panic as well as some of the Church's loss of funds. Chinese Christians were left in charge of the institutions that were left behind but many were persecuted still because of the contradicting ideals of the natives and Christianity; the movement came to an end with Chiang Kai-shek's baptism in 1929 and the appointment of T. V. Soong, a Christian, as premier in 1930.

The issue was put to a close when all the missionaries were driven from China as WWII approached. Criticism of Christianity

Capital Economics

Capital Economics is an economic research consultancy based in London. In 2012 it won the Wolfson Economics Prize for the best proposal on how a member state could leave the eurozone. Roger Bootle founded Capital Economics in 1999, he and Capital Economics won the £250,000 Wolfson Economics Prize in 2012, "for the best plan for dealing with member states leaving the eurozone". In 2014, Bootle sold a stake in Capital Economics to part of Lloyds Banking Group. Four years Phoenix Equity Partners purchased a majority stake in the consultancy from Bootle. Bootle retained a reduced financial interest in Capital Economics. Roger Bootle, Founder Neil Shearing, Group Chief Economist Mark Williams, Chief Asia Economist

Booroolong frog

The Booroolong frog is a species of stream-dwelling frog native to the Great Dividing Range in New South Wales. This frog reaches about 45 mm in length, it is grey, olive, or brown with pale spots or mottling slightly warty in appearance, the flanks are grey. It is cream on the ventral surface; the back of the thighs are pale yellow a few darker spots. A faint stripe runs from the nostril to above the tympanum; the typanum is darker in colour. The armpit is pale yellow; the toe discs are well developed, but only of a moderate size. The toes are nearly webbed; this species was once abundant in streams above about 200 m, until drastic declines began to occur in the Northern Tablelands in northern New South Wales. Although some declines have occurred in the Central Tablelands and Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, they have not been so severe. In the northern tablelands, it is only found in two streams near Tamworth, as well as near Glen Innes in a private dam. In the central tablelands, it is found along the Abercrombie River, the Turon River, the Winburndale Creek catchment areas.

In the southern tablelands, this species is still found along the Tumut River, Yarrangobilly River, the upper Murray River catchment areas. It is present at one stream in Victoria; the introduction of fish, such as trout, the chytrid fungus are believed to be the main causes for decline. This species is a stream-dwelling frog, occurring in rocky westerly flowing rivers and streams in highland areas, it is associated with open woodlands, but is found in grassland and forest. Males make a quite "quirk...quirk...quirk" call from beside streams or on bedrock within streams from late winter through to summer. An average of about 1,300 eggs are laid in a single adherent clump, attached to or under rocks, within rock pools or in still sections of streams. Hatching occurs from four to seven days after laying. Tadpoles are brown with well-developed mouth parts, reach a maximum of about 58 mm. Metamorphosis occurs during summer, tadpole development takes an average of 75 days. Metamorphs from northern areas average about 15 mm, while those in the south measure about 22 mm. Metamorph frogs resemble the adult.

"Booroolong Frog - profile". NSW threatened species. Department of Environment and Conservation. 1 September 2005. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. "Litoria booroolongensis / Booroolong Frog". Frogs of Australia. Amphibian Research Centre. "Litoria booroolongensis". Australian Frog Database. Frogs Australia Network. 23 February 2005. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006. DEH. "EPBC Nomination: Litoria booroolongensis, Booroolong Frog". Department of Environment and Heritage. Archived from the original on 14 July 2006. Anstis, M.. Tadpoles of South-eastern Australia. Sydney: Reed New Holland. ISBN 1-876334-63-0. Robinson, Martyn. A Field Guide to Frogs of Australia. Sydney: Australian Museum/Reed New Holland. ISBN 1-876334-83-5. "Fungal Pandemic wipes out Frogs". PAWS. Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife. 2006. Archived from the original on 10 January 2007. Speare, Rick.

John Quinton

Flight Lieutenant John Alan Quinton, GC, DFC was a British navigator and pilot, posthumously awarded the George Cross for an act of outstanding bravery where he unselfishly saved a young air cadet whilst losing his own life after the aircraft he was in was involved in a mid-air collision over Yorkshire. On 13 August 1951, Flight Lieutenant Quinton was a navigator with 228 Operational Conversion Unit, RAF Leeming, under instruction in a Wellington aircraft, involved in a mid-air collision. An Air Training Corps cadet, 16-year-old Derek Coates, was with him in the rear compartment of the aircraft when the force of the impact caused the Wellington to break up and plunge to the ground out of control. Flight Lieutenant Quinton picked up the only parachute he could see, clipped it on to the cadet's harness, showed him how to pull the rip-cord and ordered him to jump; the cadet was the only survivor of the disaster. For his selfless action he was awarded the George Cross, the UK's highest award for bravery where the award of the Victoria Cross is not applicable, such as acts of gallantry by a civilian, or by a military person, not in the presence of the enemy.

The George Cross is equal in status to the Victoria Cross, but as the newer award, in order of wear, the George Cross is second to the Victoria Cross. Date of Gazette: 23 October 1951 The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the posthumous award of the GEORGE CROSS to Flight-Lieutenant John Alan Quinton, D. F. C. Royal Air Force, No. 228 Operational Conversion Unit. On August the 13th, 1951, Flight-Lieutenant Quinton was a Navigator under instruction in a Vickers Wellington aircraft, involved in a mid-air collision; the sole survivor from the crash was an Air Training Corps Cadet, a passenger in the aircraft, he has established the fact that his life was saved by a supreme act of gallantry displayed by Flight-Lieutenant Quinton, who in consequence sacrificed his own life. Both Flight-Lieutenant Quinton and the Cadet were in the rear compartment of the aircraft when the collision occurred; the force of the impact caused the aircraft to break up and, as it was plunging towards the earth out of control, Flight-Lieutenant Quinton picked up the only parachute within reach and clipped it on to the Cadet's harness.

He pointed to the rip-cord and a gaping hole in the aircraft, thereby indicating that the Cadet should jump. At that moment a further portion of the aircraft was torn away and the Cadet was flung through the side of the aircraft clutching his rip-cord, which he subsequently pulled and landed safely. Flight-Lieutenant Quinton acted with superhuman speed displaying the most commendable courage and self-sacrifice, as he well knew that in giving up the only parachute within reach he was forfeiting any chance of saving his own life; such an act of heroism and humanity ranks with the highest traditions of the Royal Air Force, besides establishing him as a gallant and courageous officer, who, by his action, displayed the most conspicuous heroism. John Quinton was born in Brockley, near Lewisham, south east London in 1921 and was educated at Christ's College, Finchley leaving in 1937 having passed the London General School Examination with Matriculation, he joined the Specialloids engineering company as an apprentice and could have remained there as an exempt employee through the war, but in 1941 he joined the Royal Air Force as a navigator to more contribute to the war effort.

Rated exceptional, he flew in night fighters and was commissioned in January 1942. For his splendid work in this most dangerous and exacting branch of the service he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1944 flying Mosquitos with No. 604 Squadron. Promoted to Squadron Leader, he served in India and the Far East and, uniquely for a navigator, became a flight commander. In 1946 he left the RAF and went back to his old job at Specialloids, moved to the car accessory company Brown Brothers where he remained until 1951. During this time he became a father to a son. In 1951 he re-joined the RAF at the 228 Operational Conversion Unit where he had to start again as a Flight Lieutenant as he was unable to return with his old rank of Squadron Leader, he was killed only two months on the point of completing his refresher course. The George Cross was presented to his widow, Margaret Quinton, by HM The Queen at an investiture held on 27 February 1952, the first of her reign, his medals are on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum in London.

John Quinton was a keen Boy Scout and joined the 186 North London Scout Troop that met in the Church Hall of the Whetstone Congregational Church. He became a Patrol Leader and attended camps at Gilwell Park, Essex, as well as the World Scout Jamboree in the Netherlands in 1937. In 1938 he was chosen to lead the troop camp in Switzerland, he moved up to become a Rover Scout and was awarded the King's Scout badge. During the war his father, took on the Rover Scout leadership of the group and his mother, was heavily involved with the families of the troop with one or more members on active service. After the end of the war John went back to Scouting and the 186 Troop, ending up as their Group Scout Master; the story of his death was subsequently published in an article in the 1962 Scout Annual entitled "He Lived – and Died – by the Scout Law", written by Leslie Hunt who had served with him during the war. He is buried in the grounds of the church of St John the Baptist in Leeming; the Quinton Memorial Trophy is a commemorative Baton which all A

Ralph Barker

Ralph Hammond Cecil Barker was an English non-fiction author with over twenty-five books to his credit. He wrote about the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force operations in the First and Second World Wars, about cricket, he was educated at Hounslow College, on leaving school joined the Sporting Life in 1934. Subsequently, he went into banking, he had started writing, several of his sketches were used in West End revues. Following the outbreak of World War II, in 1940 he joined the RAF as a wireless operator and air gunner, he flew with Nos. 47 and 39 squadrons on torpedo missions against Axis ships bringing supplies to Rommel's forces in the Western Desert in North Africa. These missions, from bases in Malta and North Africa, led to heavy losses amongst the Bristol Beaufort aircraft carrying them out. Barker's time in this theatre of war was ended by a crash in which his navigator died, he returned to Britain, switched to flying transport aircraft. He completed two thousand flying hours before he was demobilised in 1946.

He went back to banking, before going into civil aviation as a radio operator. At the end of 1948, he rejoined the RAF and went to Germany as a public relations officer in connection with the Berlin Airlift, he spent two years in service broadcasting at BFN Hamburg. He was posted to the Air Ministry to work on official war narratives, his first book, Down in the Drink, was published in 1955, the first of many on the subject of military aviation. Barker left the RAF in 1961 to write full-time, he was a frequent contributor of feature articles to the Sunday Express. He turned to cricket writing with Ten Great Innings. John Arlott, reviewing Ten Great Bowlers, its follow-up, described Barker as "a master of the reconstruction of past cricket matches", his most substantial book on cricket is a history of Tests between England and Australia, published in 1969, which included a report of every match and a summary of each series. The statistics were provided by Irving Rosenwater; the cricket historian David Frith said that his most significant contribution to cricket might have been his research into the death in 1912 of the former England fast bowler Tom Richardson, which proved that the rumours that he had committed suicide were untrue.

Barker played for the RAF's cricket club, the Adastrians, subsequently for several clubs in Surrey, including West Surrey, whom he captained for a number of years. Barker was married to performer Diana Darvey from 1995 until her death on 11 April 2000. Barker died on 16 May 2011, aged 93. Ten Great Innings Ten Great Bowlers England Versus Australia: Test Cricket 1877–1968 Cricketing Family Edrich Innings of a Lifetime, 1954–77 Purple Patches Down in the Drink The Ship-Busters: The Story of the R. A. F. Torpedo-Bombers Strike Hard, Strike Sure: Epics of the Bombers The Thousand Plane Raid: The Story of the First Thousand Bomber Raid on Cologne Great Mysteries of the Air Verdict on a Lost Flyer: Story of Bill Lancaster The Schneider Trophy Races Torpedo Bomber The Blockade Busters Survival in the Sky The Hurricats Royal Air Force at War The Royal Flying Corps in France: From Mons to the Somme The Royal Flying Corps in France: From Bloody April 1917 To Final Victory A Brief History of the Royal Flying Corps in World War One Men of the Bombers: Remarkable Incidents in World War II The Last Blue Mountain Against the Sea: True Stories of Survival and Disaster One Man's Jungle: A Biography of F.

Spencer Chapman, D. S. O. Goodnight, Sorry for Sinking You: Story of S. S. "City of Cairo" Children of the "Benares": A War Crime and Its Victims Ralph Barker & Irving Rosenwater, England v Australia: A compendium of Test cricket between the countries 1877–1968, Batsford Books, 1969. Biographical information on Barker is given on the dust-jacket Survival in the Sky, Retrieved 20 August 2015