U.S. Route 136 in Nebraska
U. S. Highway 136 is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System that runs for 804 miles between Edison and Speedway, Indiana, it is a spur route of US 36 despite never intersecting its parent. Within the State of Nebraska it is a state highway that begins at a junction with US 6 and US 34 north of Edison and travels east across the southern part of the state to the Nebraska–Missouri state line in Brownville along the banks of the Missouri River. Throughout its 239.88-mile length, the highway is known as the Heritage Highway, one of nine scenic byways in the state. The highway travels across the grassland prairies of southern Nebraska to the woods of the Missouri River Valley encountering winding rivers and historic settlements; these landscapes were featured in stories from Pulitzer Prize-winning author Willa Cather recounting life on the Nebraska Plains during the end of the 19th century. For its entire length, US 136 is a two-lane highway with the exception of a 0.51-mile stretch of divided highway within Fairbury.
US 136 begins north of Edison at a junction with US 6 and US 34. The highway heads south into Edison within the Republican River Valley; the highway leaves Edison headed east before turning to the southeast as it runs parallel to the river through agricultural fields on its way to Oxford. Here it runs along the south side of the village and comes to an intersection with N-46 which it runs concurrently with for several blocks. On the southeast side of Oxford, the two highways diverge and US 136 continues southeast; as the highway approaches Orleans it meets up with N-89 for 0.52 miles into town. Near the center of Orleans, N-89 departs to the south. After 4.21 miles of eastward travel, the highway comes to a junction with US 183. Together, both highways head south into Alma. Alma is home to the Harlan County Reservoir; this 13,250-acre reservoir is one of the largest bodies of water within the North American Central Flyway and is a primary stopping point during migration for millions of birds including bald eagles, golden eagles, osprey, ducks and gulls.
The highway continues east through vast fields before entering Republican City. Just south of the city is the Harlan County Reservoir Dam, accessible by Corps Road A; the dam was built in 1952 to prevent large scale flooding in the Republican River Valley similar to the 1935 Republican River Floods. From Republican City the US 136 continues east along the northern bluffs of the Republican River as it passes to the north of the small communities Naponee and Bloomington; the highway comes to a junction with N-10 on the north side of Franklin. The two routes run south, for a half mile to the center of town there N-10 continues south and US 136 diverges to the east; the highway continues east for another 10 miles before entering Riverton, a small village on the Republican River. The highway continues east passing the community of Inavale before arriving at an intersection with US 281 in the Webster County seat of Red Cloud. Red Cloud was an important pioneer community as eight passenger trains per day passed through its train depot.
It was the childhood home of author Willa Cather whose Great Plains trilogy of novels recounted life during the homestead frontier in the late 19th century. Her childhood home is one block south of US 136 on Cedar Street; the highway leaves Red Cloud, continuing due east for about 10 miles before coming to an intersection with N-78 just north of Guide Rock. US 136 continues due east through corn, sorghum and wheat fields for the next 14 miles before meeting up with N-14 north of Superior; the two highways run concurrently to the north for 4 miles before US 136 breaks off and continues its easterly trek. The highway passes the communities of Nora and Ruskin before arriving in Deshler at an intersection with N-5. Deshler was home to the one of the nation's largest broom factory in the 1960s; the highway continues to the east, running parallel to Spring Creek as it approaches an intersection with US 81 just south of Hebron, home to the world's largest porch swing. After passing Hebron to the south, the highway continues on its easterly heading.
For the next 20 miles, the highway continues to pass through the vast agricultural fields of southeastern Nebraska. Included in this stretch is the small community of Gilead, which the highway passes to its south. Just east of Gilead, the highway comes to an intersection with N-53 which heads to the north towards Alexandria. Continuing east the highway crosses the Little Blue River before entering the city of Fairbury. Fairbury was the home of the Western Division headquarters of the Rock Island Railroad until 1965; the Rock Island Depot was constructed in 1913 at a cost of $40,000 to accommodate increased passenger and freight loads. The depot is an example of Renaissance Revival architecture with brick pilasters topped with stone trim, a hipped roof of red clay tile, overhanging eaves and decorative brackets. On the east side of the city, US 136 intersects N-15 before exiting Fairbury to the northeast. After leaving Fairbury, the highway begins to meander in a general northeasterly direction, a stark contrast to its due east path prior.
It passes through the south end of Jansen the north sides of the small communities of Harbine and Ellis before swinging to the north before it enters the city of Beatrice. The highway turns back to the east and comes to an intersection with N-4; the two highways head east into the heart of Beatrice. When the Homestead Act went into effect on January 1, 1963, Daniel Freeman persuaded a clerk to open the local Land
Otoe County, Nebraska
Otoe County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 15,740, its county seat is Nebraska City. The county was formed in 1854, was named tor the Otoe Indian tribe. In the Nebraska license plate system, Otoe County is represented by the prefix 11. Otoe County lies on the east side of Nebraska, its east boundary line abuts the west boundary lines of the states of Missouri. The terrain of Otoe County consists of rolling hills which drop down to the river basin, rich soil; the area is devoted to agriculture. The county has a total area of 619 square miles, of which 616 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. Otoe County derives its name from the Otoe Indians; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 15,396 people, 6,060 households, 4,229 families in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile. There were 6,567 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.42% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races.
2.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,060 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.20% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01. The county population contained 26.30% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,302, the median income for a family was $45,295. Males had a median income of $30,682 versus $21,520 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,752. About 5.90% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.30% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.
Nebraska City Syracuse Woodland Hills Otoe County voters are reliably Republican. In no national election since 1932 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Otoe County, Nebraska Nebraska City News-Press
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Gage County, Nebraska
Gage County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 22,311, its county seat is Beatrice. The county was created in 1855 and organized in 1857, it was formed from land taken from the Otoe in an 1854 treaty. The county was named for W. D. Gage, a Methodist minister. Gage County comprises the Beatrice, NE Micropolitan Statistical Area, in the Lincoln-Beatrice, NE Combined Statistical Area. In the Nebraska license plate system, Gage County is represented by the prefix 3. Gage County lies on the south line of Nebraska, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Kansas. The Big Blue River runs SSE through the central part of the county. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 860 square miles, of which 851 square miles is land and 8.5 square miles is water. Homestead National Monument Rockford Lake State Recreation Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 22,993 people, 9,316 households, 6,204 families in the county.
The population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 10,030 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.69% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. 0.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 56.6% were of German, 6.9% Irish, 6.3% English and 6.3% American ancestry. There were 9,316 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91. The county population contained 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,908, the median income for a family was $43,072. Males had a median income of $29,680 versus $21,305 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,190. About 6.60% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over. Beatrice Blue Springs Wymore Holmesville Prior to 1940, Gage County was a swing county, backing the national winner in every presidential election from 1900 to 1936. Since it has become a Republican stronghold, aside from the 1964 election in which Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson won the county in the midst of his national landslide victory. National Register of Historic Places listings in Gage County, Nebraska Oto Reservation Official website
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Pawnee County, Nebraska
Pawnee County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,773, its county seat is Pawnee City. In the Nebraska license plate system, Pawnee County is represented by the prefix 54. Pawnee County was formed in 1854, it was named for the Pawnee Native American tribe. On May 30, 1879, the "Irving, Kansas Tornado" passed through Pawnee County; this tornado measured F4 on the Fujita scale, had a damage path 800 yards wide and 100 miles. Pawnee County lies on the south line of Nebraska, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Kansas. The Big Nemaha River flows southeastward through the NE corner of the county, smaller local drainages flow upward through the county to discharge into the Big Nemaha; the county's terrain consists of rolling hills, with its planar areas devoted to agriculture. The county has an area of 433 square miles, of which 431 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 3,087 people, 1,339 households, 850 families in the county.
The population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 1,587 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.87% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,339 households out of which 24.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.50% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.86. The county population contained 22.70% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 21.00% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 27.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,000, the median income for a family was $36,326. Males had a median income of $24,770 versus $17,976 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,687. About 6.80% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over. Pawnee City Pawnee County voters have been Republican-leaning for decades. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected a Democratic Party candidate. List of people from Pawnee County, Nebraska National Register of Historic Places listings in Pawnee County, Nebraska Official website Pawnee County tourism website
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol