Alaska Aces (PBA)
The Alaska Aces is a professional basketball team in the Philippine Basketball Association since 1986 under the ownership of the Alaska Milk Corporation and the owner of 14 PBA championships with the 2013 PBA Commissioner's Cup as their latest. They are one of the most popular teams in the Philippines; the Aces won nine PBA championships in the 1990s, including a rare grand slam during the 1996 season, joining the Crispa Redmanizers, San Miguel Beermen, the San Mig Super Coffee Mixers as one of only four franchises to achieve the feat. After the temporary departure of the Magnolia franchise prior to the start of the 1986 PBA season, the league was reduced to only five teams. Alaska Milk was accepted as the league's sixth member. Being a pro league newcomer, the ballclub was allowed to choose players from the pool presented by the PBA; the team will be headed by Filipino-American owner Wilfred Steven Uytengsu, team manager Joel Aquino and their coach is Tony Vasquez, who played for Ateneo de Manila during his playing days and as a coach, he piloted the Ateneo juniors to a NCAA championship and once mentored the Blue Eagles.
Among the players they choose from the pool were Arnie Tuadles and Ricky Relosa from Ginebra, Rudy Distrito, Marte Saldaña and Noli Banate from Magnolia, Alejo Alolor, Teddy Alfarero and Frankie Lim from Great Taste, Dennis Abbatuan from Shell. In the PBA draft, as the newest member of the league, they had the first crack and Alaska selected Rey Cuenco as the number one overall pick. In the second and third rounds, they choose Reynaldo Ramos, their first two imports in the first conference of the season were the returning Donnie Ray Koonce and Jerry Eaves, a third round draft pick by the Utah Jazz in 1982 and who played for Utah's entire 82-game regular season in his rookie year. Both were handpicked by Alaska coaching consultant Norman Black, the former import and coach of the defunct Magnolia quintet who signed a one-year contract with the new team. Alaska placed fourth in their inaugural conference and missed out the semifinal round in the second and third conferences, placing fifth and sixth.
The team was renamed Hills Bros. Coffee Kings in their second season and the ballclub will have a new coach in Nat Canson, who last coached the Gold Eagle Beer squad in 1984. Following Manila Beer's disbandment, the Coffee Kings acquired three players from the Brewmasters, they acquired three-time PBA MVP William'Bogs' Adornado from Shell via trade and Ginebra discard Joey Marquez. In the 1987 All-Filipino Conference, the Coffee Kings made it to the finals against corporate rival Great Taste Coffee Makers; this mark the birth of the tandem known as the "Bruise Brothers" in Yoyoy Villamin and Ricky Relosa, both players during their earlier years in the PBA were the promising forwards of legendary teams Crispa and Toyota. Villamin played alongside Abet Guidaben and Philip Cezar for Crispa while Relosa were teammates with Ramon Fernandez and Abe King at Toyota; the Coffee Kings were swept in the finals by Great Taste in three games. Coach Nat Canson resigned three weeks after the championship series.
Former Tanduay coach Arturo Valenzona, who himself was ax from the job by Tanduay management after the Rhum Makers were eliminated, accepted the offer to coach the Hills Bros. Coffee Kings starting the third conference. Parading a sweet-shooting import Jose Slaughter, who breaks the previous record for most three-point shots converted with 14 triples as he finished with 79 points in the October 18 game against Great Taste which they won, 129-115. Hills Bros were in their second finals stint after beating the Billy Ray Bates led-Ginebra in a playoff game on December 1, 1987, they faced San Miguel Beermen in the Reinforced Conference championship series and after winning Game One, they lost the next four games and finished bridesmaid for the second straight conference of the season. Returning to Alaska Milk in the 1988 PBA season, the team signed three players from Shell. Before the start of the season, Bogs Adornado announces his retirement from active playing and was given recognition by the PBA in the opening day on March 20, 1988.
Alaska placed third in the All-Filipino Conference of the season. Bogs Adornado would replaced Arturo Valenzona as the team's head coach beginning the third conference; the year 1989 was an exciting year for Alaska as the team drafted the high-leaping Paul Alvarez and the backcourt tandem of Ric-Ric Marata and Elmer Cabahug. Veteran center Abet Guidaben, disgruntled in the last three months of the 1988 season following a bitter trade with Ramon Fernandez that sent him to Purefoods Hotdogs, has joined the bruise brothers to formed an awesome force inside the paint. Alaska was able to hire Sean Chambers, who played with the American selection in two previous PBA/IBA series, as their import to replaced their first choice Carl Lott in the 1989 Open Conference. Chambers led Alaska to a third-place finish in his first PBA stint. American Tim Cone, a member of the PBA's vintage panel, accepted the coaching chores for Alaska Milk on full-time starting the All-Filipino Conference. Alaska has long without a coach when Bogs Adornado was sacked after the elimination round of the first conference and team manager Joel Aquino handled the team on interim basis.
Alaska continues to struggle despite the mixture of veterans and young players in the roster and team owner Wilfred Uytengsu could not hide his disappointment when the Milkmen went winless in the semifinals of the 1990 All-Filipino Conference. They got rid of one of their veterans
University of San Jose–Recoletos
The University of San Jose–Recoletos known as Colegio de San Jose–Recoletos, is a private research and Catholic university founded in 1947 in Cebu City, Philippines by the Order of Augustinian Recollects. From classes held in an old building and a portion of the convent, the school built modern structures while retaining classic features; the university has three campuses, two of which are located in different areas of Metro Cebu – the main campus along Corner P. Lopez and Magallanes Sts. and the Basak Campus at Cebu South Road, Basak Pardo, Cebu City. Its third campus, the newly built Balamban Campus, is located in Arpili, a barangay in the Municipality of Balamban. Established by the Order of Augustinian Recollects in Cebu City in 1947, the Colegio de San Jose - Recoletos held classes in a portion of a convent, which can be traced back on 1621, in an old building. On July 25, 1948, CSJ-R's second year marked the blessing of the college building in the Carmelo Street, now Leon Kilat Street.
With the rise of the new building, collegiate courses were offered. Liberal Arts, Commerce, Vocational courses and Pianoforte were the first set of courses offered by CSJ-R in the college level; the Augustinian Recollects decided to construct a new college building designed by architects Imelda Borromeo and Mariano Monasque. The new San Nicolas Building fronting Plaza Washington, was inaugurated on July 25, 1950; the year 1950 witnessed another milestone in education, breaking free from the old system, the school adopted the system of departmentalized colleges appointing one dean for each college. In 1955, another structure was added to the ever-expanding CSJ-R, the San Agustin Hall was inaugurated on August 28, 1955. Responding to the needs of the ever-increasing student population, the San Agustin Hall Annex was conceived and inaugurated on March 19, 1960. In the year 1965, the Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepcion known as the Iglesia de los Padres Agustinos Recoletos, was demolished after thorough and charged deliberations as the conservatives of the church fought for its preservation.
On the foundations of the old church, a new church would rise and would become known as the Church of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel and was blessed on March 18, 1966. Tragedy struck on March 1967, bringing with it a conflagration which destroyed parts of Colegio de San Jose; the Augustinian Recollects were quick to address this occurrence and by the year 1969, a six-storey building along P. Lopez Street was constructed giving rise to what is now known as the San Jose Building. In 1980, CSJ-R bought a new site in Basak Pardo, Cebu City built the new building for the grade and high schools, the Recoletos Coliseum, Open Gymnasium and the Pope Paul II Retreat House. In 1996, the Talavera House of Prayer was built in the scenic hills of Cebu City. June 13, 1981 marked the completion of the CSJ-R Basak Campus. Three years the Recoletos Coliseum was completed, making June 1984 a significant date for sports enthusiasts. On September 21, 1984, CSJ-R attained university status. Spanning years of accreditation and re-accreditation, USJ-R, PAASCU Level 3, was granted Autonomous by CHED in 2001.
The curricular programs of USJ-R evolved from traditional to innovative course offerings: Arts and Sciences. In 2003, the College of Information and Communications Technology was created; the Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program followed in the same year. On April 1, 2004, the Vertical Alignment of the undergraduate and graduate schools took effect which established five graduate schools: Graduate School of Business and Management, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Graduate School of Information Technology and Computer Studies, Graduate School of Education and Graduate School of Engineering. In June 2004, the B. S. in Nursing started its first operation due to the huge demand of nurses at the time. The university's College of Nursing held its 1st Capping, Badge Investiture and Candle Lighting Ceremony in June 2006 at the Recoletos Coliseum, Basak Campus. Part of USJ-R's campaign is the provision of facilities to aid learning, thus the rise of many school buildings like the Nursing Skills Laboratory, the St. Ezekiel Moreno Building, the International Language Center, the Recoletos Law Center, the LET and CPA Review Centers were taken into place.
In 2006, the new St. Ezekiel Moreno Building was established in the Basak Campus exclusive for the College of Information and Communications Technology and the College of Education. USJ-R had opened some of the latest programs: Doctor of Philosophy in English, Master of Arts in Education major in Guidance and Counseling, Master of Media Studies with specialization in Broadcast Media and Journalism, Bachelor of Arts in International Studies, Diploma in advance program in Special Education and the English Language Program for foreign and Filipino students; the years that followed gave the school opportunities to expand. On November 28, 1998, the 52nd General Chapter held in Granada, voted for the creation of a new Religious Province in the Philippines dedicated to St. Ezekiel Moreno, OAR; the Recollect Philippine Province, where USJ-R belongs, now stands as the eighth regional cluster of communities of the Order of Augustinian Recollect worldw
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around
Philippines men's national basketball team
The Philippines men's national basketball team is managed by the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas. The team won a bronze medal in the 1954 FIBA World Championship, the best finish by any team outside the Americas and Europe; the team took a fifth-place finish in 1936 Summer Olympics, the best finish by any team outside the Americas and Oceania. The Philippines has the most wins in the Olympics among teams outside the Americas and Oceania. Aside from the bronze medal at the FIBA World Cup and the fifth-place Olympic finish, the Philippines has won five FIBA Asia Cups, four Asian Games men's basketball gold medals, eight SEABA Championships, all but one Southeast Asian Games men's basketball gold medals, has the most titles in Southeast Asia Basketball Association men's championship, being considered as the powerhouse team in Southeast Asia and one of Asia's elite basketball teams; the country has participated in five FIBA World Cups and seven Olympic Basketball Tournaments. Gilas Pilipinas and the Gilas Cadets represent the current men's national team.
The Philippines first participated in international basketball in the Far Eastern Championship Games in 1913. The Philippines defeated China in; the Philippines won all but one championship until 1934. The games were not under the supervision of FIBA as the organization was founded in 1932; the Basketball Association of the Philippines was founded in 1936, became a part of FIBA that year. In the same year, the BAP sent a team nicknamed "the Islanders" that participated in the first Olympic basketball tournament in Berlin. With the tournament under a single-elimination round format from the third game onwards, the Philippines won their first three games only to face the United States in their fourth game; the USA doubled the Philippines' score as they advanced to the next round, subsequently win the gold medal undefeated. The Philippines wound up fifth place, winning the rest of their games, in the best finish by an Asian team in Olympic basketball history. Aside from silver medalists Canada, the Philippines was the only other team that only had one loss in the tournament.
The Philippines returned to the 1948 Olympics in London. The team finished fourth of six teams in their group to be eliminated; the team wound up in twelfth place. In the 1950s–1960s, the Philippines was among the best in the world, producing world-class players like Carlos Loyzaga, Lauro Mumar, Mariano Tolentino, Francisco Rabat and Edgardo Ocampo. In 1951, team won the inaugural Asian Games basketball tournament in India; the team finished ahead of four other teams to win the gold medal. On the next Asian Games in 1954 in Manila that served as a qualifiers for the World Championship that year, the team finished first anew, beating out the Republic of China and South Korea in the final round. In 1954 FIBA World Championship in Brazil, Loyzaga was a part of the Mythical Team selection, where the Philippines won the bronze medal; the Philippines finished second in their group behind Brazil and ahead of Paraguay to enter the final round, where the team lost against the USA by only 13 points. To date, the Philippines' performance remains the best performance by an Asian team in the World Championship.
In the 1956 Olympics, the Philippines finished seventh. The team qualified to the quarterfinals, with only loss against the USA. However, the team lost all of their games against France and Chile in the quarterfinals; the Philippines defeated Chile in the seventh-place game to finish with a 4–4 record. Two years in the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo, the Philippines won its third consecutive gold medal, finishing first in the final round; the Philippines was grouped with Bulgaria, Puerto Rico and Uruguay in the 1959 FIBA World Championship. The team finished third, to crash out of the final round; the Philippines won all of the games in the classification round against the United Arab Republic and Canada to meet Uruguay for the eighth-place game. The team defeated Uruguay again to finish eighth; this would be the last tournament of company. Starting in 1960, the Asian Basketball Championship was held to determine Asia's participants in the Olympics and the World Championships. Qualifying for the Asian Championship was by subzone, or by the ranking in the most recent tournament.
The inaugural Asian Championship was held in Manila. With an Asian Championship, the Philippines qualified for the 1960 Olympics. In Rome, the Philippines did not qualify for the medal round, but did beat Spain in the preliminaries finishing 11th out of 16 nations; the country was supposed to host the 1963 World Championship, but President Diosdado Macapagal refused to allow players from Yugoslavia and other communist countries to enter the country. This caused the Philippines, despite winning the Asian Championships, to qualify via a pre-Olympic tournament, in which they were unsuccessful. In the fifth championship at Bangkok, the Philippines finished third, after a one-point loss against Japan, an 86–95 loss against South Korea. In 1975, after disputes with the Basketball Association of the Philippines, nine teams pulled out of BAP's jurisdiction and founded the professio
Ateneo de Manila University
The Ateneo de Manila University known as Ateneo or The Ateneo, is a private Roman Catholic Jesuit research university in Quezon City, Philippines. Founded in 1859 by the Society of Jesus, Ateneo is the third-oldest university in the Philippines. Ateneo offers elementary and junior high school education to male students, while its senior high school and college are co-educational. In college, both undergraduate and graduate programmes are organised into four schools, collectively known as the Loyola Schools, which are located at its main campus at Loyola Heights along with the Grade School, Junior High School and Senior High School. Four professional schools occupy other campuses throughout Metro Manila. Students of Ateneo are referred to as Ateneans. Ateneo undergraduates follow a Catholic-rooted liberal arts curriculum throughout their programmes in the Humanities, Social Sciences and Engineering, or Business Management; the Commission on Higher Education has recognized its units in biology, chemistry, information technology, entrepreneurship education, English literature, sociology and business administration as Centers of Excellence while the communication, electronics engineering, environmental science, Filipino literature, political science units have been declared Centres of Development.
The Loyola Heights campus hosts two chemistry research centres: Philippine Institute of Pure and Applied Chemistry and National Chemistry Instrumentation Centre. Ateneo offers programmes at the elementary, secondary and graduate levels, its academic offerings include the arts, business, the social sciences, theology and public health, chemistry, mathematics, computer science, environmental science and government, with forty-eight Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees at the undergraduate level. At the postgraduate level there are forty-four Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees, six Master of Business Administration programmes, two Master of Laws concentrations, one Master of Public Management degree, two professional Doctor of Medicine and Juris Doctor programmes, twelve Doctor of Philosophy degrees; as is common in the Philippines, the primary medium of instruction is English, with a few classes taught in Filipino. Aside from teaching and research, the Ateneo de Manila engages in social outreach.
Known for its liberal arts tradition, the humanities are a key feature of Ateneo education at all levels of study. In 2015, QS Top Universities placed the university's undergraduate programmes 461st in the world and 114th in Asia; the Ateneo Professional Schools is the main professional education division of Ateneo de Manila, comprises the following four schools. The Ateneo Graduate School of Business offers a variety of Master of Business Administration concentrations, including a Master in Health Services Administration; the Ateneo Law School confers Master of Laws degrees. The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health, opened in 2007, offers an integrated Doctor of Medicine and Master of Business Administration programme; the Ateneo School of Government confers the Master in Public Management and Ph. D. in Leadership Studies degrees. The professional schools confer certificates for short courses. Ateneo Law School Ateneo School of Government Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Ateneo Graduate School of Business Loyola Schools offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in the arts and sciences.
It confers the Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Master of Arts, Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy degrees. It is composed of four schools, the School of Humanities, the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science and Engineering, the School of Social Sciences. A key feature of the Loyola Schools is a liberal arts undergraduate core curriculum, required for all undergraduates, it includes philosophy and Filipino literature, history, various branches of social sciences, a community service component. Ateneo follows the semester hour system common in American universities. Most classes are held below 40 students and student discussion is encouraged; the Loyola Schools' programs are geared toward student-centreedness. Ateneo was one of the first schools in the Philippines to enact a Magna Carta for Undergraduates; the Commission on Higher Education has designated several departments and programmes of the Loyola Schools as centres of excellence and Centers of Development.
Ateneo has Centers of Excellence in: Business Administration, English, Information Technology, Mathematics, Physics and Sociology. It has Centers of Development in Environmental Science and Filipino. Ateneo de Manila Senior High School is a Catholic senior high school for both male and female students; the high school was male-only but due to the K-12 program, Ateneo opened its doors to female students in the senior high school level. It includes the original 3rd year and 4th year level of the old Ateneo High School curriculum. In terms of curriculum options, the ASHS offers all four strands of the K-12 program's Academic Track: 1.) The Accountancy and Management Strand. The General Academic Strand; the Humanities and Social Sci
The shooting guard known as the two or off guard, is one of the five traditional positions in a regulation basketball game. A shooting guard's main objective is to steal the ball on defense; some teams ask. A player who can switch between playing shooting guard and small forward is known as a swingman. In the NBA, shooting guards range from 6' 3" to 6' 7" and 5' 9" to 6' 0" in the WNBA; the Basketball Handbook by Lee Rose describes a shooting guard as someone whose primary role is to score points. As the name suggests, most shooting guards are good long-range shooters averaging 35–40 percent from three-point range. Many shooting guards are strong and athletic, have the ability to get inside the paint and drive to the basket. Shooting guards are taller than point guards. Height at the position varies. Shooting guards should be good ball handlers and be able to pass reasonably well, though passing is not their main priority. Since good shooting guards may attract double-teams, they are the team's back-up ball handlers to the point guard and get a fair number of assists.
Shooting guards must be able to score in various ways late in a close game when defenses are tighter. They need to have a good free throw percentage too, to be reliable in close games and to discourage opposing players from fouling; because of the high level of offensive skills shooting guards need, they are a team's primary scoring option, sometimes the offense is built around them. In the NBA, there are some shooting guards referred to as "D" players; the term 3 and D implies that the player is a good 3 point shooter who can play solid defense. The 3 and D player has become important as the game sways to be perimeter oriented. Good shooting guards can play point guard to a certain extent, it is accepted that point guards should have the ball in their hands at most times in the game, but sometimes the shooting guard has a significant enough influence on the team where he or she handles the ball often, to the point where the point guard may be reduced to a backup ball handler or spot-up shooter.
The Basketball Handbook. Lee H. Rose ISBN 0-7360-4906-1 Media related to Shooting guards at Wikimedia Commons
Philippine Basketball Association
The Philippine Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams. Founded in 1975, it is the first professional basketball league in Asia and is the second oldest continuously professional basketball league existing in the world after the NBA, established before the "open era" of basketball in 1990 where FIBA allowed longstanding domestic leagues, which had predated the PBA, to become professional; the league's regulations are a hybrid of rules from the NBA and FIBA. The league played its first game at the Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City on April 9, 1975, its main offices are located along Eulogio Rodriguez Jr. Avenue, Eastwood City, Quezon City; the Philippine Basketball Association was founded when nine teams left the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines, the FIBA-recognized national association at the time. With the BAP controlling the MICAA, the league was de jure amateur, as players were only paid allowances.
This is much like what was done in other countries to circumvent the amateur requirement and to play in FIBA-sanctioned tournaments such as the Olympics. MICAA team owners were not pleased with how BAP led by Gonzalo "Lito" Puyat are taking away their players to join the national team without consulting them first; the teams that bolted away from the MICAA are the Carrier Weathermakers, Crispa Redmanizers, Mariwasa-Noritake Porcelainmakers, Presto Ice Cream, Royal Tru-Orange, Seven-Up Uncolas, Tanduay Distillery, Toyota Comets and the U/Tex Weavers. Leopoldo Prieto, the coach for the Philippines at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, was appointed as the first commissioner and Emerson Coseteng of Mariwasa-Noritake was chosen as the first president of the league's Board of Governors; the first game of the league was held at the Araneta Coliseum on April 9, 1975, featuring Mariwasa-Noritake and Concepcion Carrier. The league's first 10 years was known for the intense rivalry of the Crispa Redmanizers and the Toyota Tamaraws, still considered as one of the greatest rivalries in league history.
Big names such as Robert Jaworski, Ramon Fernandez, Francis Arnaiz, Atoy Co, Bogs Adornado and Philip Cezar played for those squads before the two teams disbanded in 1983 and 1984 respectively. Following their disbandment, the league moved from the Araneta Coliseum to ULTRA in Pasig. There, the league continued to be popular, as several former Toyota and Crispa players suited up for different teams. During the mid to late 80s, Jaworski and Ginebra San Miguel became the league's most popular squad for their "never say die" attitude; the team had intense rivalries with the Tanduay Rhum Masters, led by Jaworski's ex-Toyota teammate-turned-rival Fernandez, the expansion Purefoods Corporation and younger players Alvin Patrimonio, Jerry Codiñera, Jojo Lastimosa and Fernandez. By the end of the 1980s, San Miguel Beer won numerous championships that included the 1989 Grand Slam, led by coach Norman Black and former national team stars Samboy Lim and Hector Calma. In 1989, FIBA voted to allow professionals to play in their sanctioned tournaments, hence the PBA's players are now able to represent the country internationally.
In 1990, the league sent its first all-professional squad to the Asian Games, earning a silver medal. The PBA would send three more all-pro squads to the event; the early 1990s saw Ginebra and Shell forming an intense rivalry that included Ginebra's walkout in 1990 finals against Shell and the team's dramatic comeback from a 3-1 deficit to beat Shell in the 1991 First Conference. Patrimonio, Allan Caidic, a host of others became the league's main attraction. By 1993, the league moved to the Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay and saw the Alaska Milkmen win the 1996 grand slam and nine titles in the decade. From 1999-2000, the PBA endured controversy. Several expatriate cagers arrived on the scene, their lineage was questionable and most of them were deported for falsifying documents. The arrival of dozens of these players was a counter to the fledgling Metropolitan Basketball Association, a regional-based professional league formed in 1998. After ABS-CBN's 2001 abandonment, the MBA would fold within a year.
Despite the MBA's disbandment and the arrival of those players to the PBA, attendance went sour for the PBA in 2002 and was worse the following year. In 2004, the league introduced drastic scheduling changes, when it decided to begin the season in October instead of January; the change in starting the season allowed the league to accommodate international tournaments held from June to September and it fit better with college hoops, the NCAA and the UAAP, whose seasons run from June to October. The league reduced the number of conferences from three to two, renaming the All-Filipino Cup as the Philippine Cup and introducing a new import laden tournament named as the Fiesta Conference. To accommodate these changes, a transitional tournament, the 2004 PBA Fiesta Conference was held from February to July, won by the Barangay Ginebra Kings; the league began to hold the annual All-Star weekend in the provinces, alternating from Luzon and Visayas/Mindanao provinces every year. The league regained some popularity by this year, thanks in large part to Barangay Ginebra's three PBA championships led by Eric Menk, Jayjay Helterbrand and Mark Caguioa.
Solid marketing and arrival of collegiate stars from the UAAP and the NCAA worked in the PBA's favor. By 2005, the league would take on the role of Philippine national representation under Chot Reyes, when FIBA lifted the suspension of the country f