Springtime (1947 film)
Springtime is a 1947 Soviet musical-comedy film directed by Grigori Aleksandrov. Director Arkady Gromov decides to make a film about the life of scientists, presenting them as grim hermits detached from life immersed in research; as a prototype the director decides to use a real scientist – Irina Nikitina, director of the Sun Institute. For the role of "Nikitina", Gromov finds Vera Shatrova, a young operetta actress, an exact mirror image of her character. Not wanting to interrupt her work in the operetta, Shatrova meets Nikitina and asks her for the time being to double for her on the set, thus Nikitina for the first time gets to know director Gromov and the screenplay of the future film about scientists. She opposes Gromov's views about the scientific world and explains to the director the errors of his outlook. In turn Nikitina sees how painstaking is the work of filmmakers; because of the "swap" Nikitina and Shatrova get into many absurd situations but at the end of the film all is resolved swimmingly...
Lyubov Orlova – Prof. Irina Petrovna Nikitina / Vera Giorgievna Shatrova, actress Nikolay Cherkasov – Arkadi Mikhailovich Gromov, director Faina Ranevskaya – Margarita Lvovna, Nikitina's housekeeper Rostislav Plyatt – Vladimir Ivanovich Bubentsov, Margarita Lvovna's admirer Nikolai Konovalov – Leonid Maksimovich Mukhin, director assistant Tatyana Guretskaya – Tatyana Ivanovna, director assistant Mikhail Sidorkin – Nikolai Semyenovich Roshchin, journalist Vasiliy Zaychikov – Prof. Ivan Nikolayevich Melnikov Boris Petker – Akeki Abramovich, theater director Rina Zelyonaya – gabby film makeup artist The film marked the first appearance of the "Mosfilm" logo with the image of the famous sculpture "Worker and Kolkhoz Woman"; the picture incorporates elements of science fiction: in the fictional Sun Institute Irina Nikitina leads the scientific research on the invention of liquid that can accumulate and send out solar energy, in the finale Nikitina puts on a successful experiment. Filming took place in Czechoslovak Socialist Republic at the "Barrandov Studios" because "Mosfilm" was not yet restored after the war.
In the 1950s, the film was subjected to the censorship: scenes were removed with the building carrying the name "Metropolitan Kaganovich" on one of the stations of the Moscow Metro. This was due to the expulsion of Lazar Kaganovich from the ranks of the ruling elite. In the 1986 "restored" version of the film these scenes have been re-added. "Irina Nikitina" does have an existing prototype - Zinaida Ershova, Doctor of Chemical Sciences. The oft-repeated phrase in the movie "The mass of the sun is two octillion tonnes" corresponds to scientific data. At the 8th Venice International Film Festival in 1947 Lyubov Orlova received a special prize for best female acting; the film was screened at the Mariánské Lázně International Film Festival in the same year and at the Locarno International Film Festival in July 1948. Vesna on IMDb
Valentin Yakovlevich Parnakh was a Russian poet, translator and musician, best remembered as a founding father of Soviet jazz. Parnakh was born into a Jewish family in the Azov Sea port of Taganrog on July 26, 1891, his twin sister was the children's author Yelizaveta Tarakhovskaya and an older sister the poet Sophia Parnok. His family name was Parnokh but he changed it to the more Sephardic–sounding Parnakh. Parnakh's mother, a doctor, died when he was young, his father, a pharmacist, remarried soon after. In 1913, Parnakh traveled to Italy and the Middle East, staying for a while in Palestine and returning to Saint Petersburg the same year. In Saint Petersburg, he entered the University, where he studied Romance languages and theater. In 1916, while World War I was raging, he moved to Paris, he studied at Sorbonne University and was elected President of the Paris Chamber of Poets, became fascinated by the jazz music he discovered in Paris. In 1922, feeling alienated from most of the political emigrants from Russia, Parnakh returned to Russia, bringing jazz scores, tam-tam's, trumpet sordinos, he soon founded the "First Eccentric Orchestra of the Russian Federated Socialist Republic - Valentin Parnakh's Jazz Band", which held its debut concert at the Russian Academy of Theatre Arts in Moscow on October 1, 1922.
This New Orleans–style jazz band became popular and influential among the artists of the Russian avant-garde of those days. Parnakh was creative director for music and choreography at Vsevolod Meyerhold's Meyerhold Theater, where his Eccentric Orchestra performed hits of the time, such as Kitten on the Keyboards and the ballet suite The Bull on the Roof. Parnokh influenced Meyerhold's "Biomechanics" acting method, his band appeared in the 1924 play Trest D. E.. On May 1, 1923, Parnokh's band performed before members the Comintern participating in the Agricultural Expo; the Soviet press of the time wrote: "For the first time jazz music was performed at an official state function, something which has never happened in the West". Parnokh published numerous articles on the contemporary music culture of the West and was the first to promote the work of Charlie Chaplin and the first to introduce French Dadaist poetry into the Soviet Union. In 1925, he published a book of Introduction To Dance. However, by 1925 Parnokh had become disillusioned with life in the Soviet Union, where publishing houses were refusing to publish his poetry and his translations of the French poet Gérard de Nerval.
In October 1925 Parnokh returned to Paris, where he published many articles on theater and dance in Russian immigrant newspapers and in the French press and translated Spanish literature. The main character of Osip Mandelshtam's 1928 novella Egyptian Stamp is named "Parnok" and was perceived by Parnakh as a derogatory caricature. Parnokh returned to the Soviet Union at the end of 1931 and served as a translator at the Foreign Board of the Writers Union, he continued his translations of Spanish writers such as Federico García Lorca. In 1934 Parnokh published a Russian translation of a collection of Spanish and Portuguese poets, executed by the Inquisition. During World War II, like many other members of the Writers Union, were evacuated to Chistopol and had no means of support. Seeking work, he applied together with the poet Marina Tsvetaeva to the Soviet Literature Fund asking for a job at the LitFund's canteen, he was hired as a doorman, while Tsvetaeva's application for a dishwasher's position was turned down and she committed suicide six days later.
Parnakh's only work to be published after the war was his translation of memoirs by Théodore–Agrippa d'Aubigné in 1949, with his own foreword rejected by the publishing house. Parnakh outlived Tsvetaeva by a decade and died in his Moscow apartment on January 29, 1951, he was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow. His twin sister, who died in 1968, is buried near him. «The Adventures of Oktyabrina». Moscow, 1924. Dir. G. Kozintsev, L. Trauberg. «Vesyolye rebyata». Moscow, Mosfilm, 1934. Dir. G. Aleksandrov. «Valentin Parnakh: not here and not now». Taganrog, 2011. Dir. Mikhail Basov. Russian avant-garde Sophia Parnok Yelizaveta Tarakhovskaya Vsevolod Meyerhold Le Quai. Paris, 1919. Samum. Paris, 1919. Slovodvig: Poems. Paris: La Cible, 1920; the Acrobat Climbs. Paris: Franco-Russian Publishing House, 1922. Introduction To Dance: Selected Poems. Moscow, 1925. Giraffe-like Idol. First published in 2000. Timoshenko, Vladimir. Энциклопедия Таганрог. Rostov-on-Don: Rostizdat. ISBN 5-7509-0662-0
Jolly Fellows (2009 film)
Jolly Fellows is a 2009 comedy-drama film, feature film directorial debut of Felix Mikhailov. It was described as the first Russian film about drag queens, it was screened at the 2010 Berlin International Film Festival, was the first Russian picture to be chosen as the opening film of the Panorama section at the festival. The action takes place in the late 90's in Russia. At the center of the film is the difficult fate of five men, performers of a drag revue, who meet at a restaurant after the dissolution of their creative troupe, they take turns to give an interview to a young journalist who, after being carried away by their interesting stories, permanently forgets the purpose of the conversation. Everyone has his own way of getting into a drag show, everyone has his own goals in life, everyone has his own destiny. Lusya is a young and determined guy who left his home in a remote village deep in the province to conquer the capital. Deciding that everyday life in Moscow did not live up to his expectations, Lusya decides to leave the show and return home to his mother.
His colleagues from the show arrange a farewell concert, in the morning, all five of them as their female alter-egos, put Lusya on the train, arranging an impromptu show at the station. Arriving in his native village, Lusya understands. On his way home he meets an old woman neighbor who tells him the latest news and offers him to stay at her place if he needs to. Suspecting something wrong, Lusya enters the house and sees his inebriated mother in the company of drinking companions. In the evening, Lusya meets a girl, romantically interested in him but with whom their relationship did not work out; the girl, having learned, rushes at him with kisses. Lusya realizes. Lusya collects his things and returns to Moscow at the time when the other participants of the drag show are about to give an interview to the reporter woman. A mature man, trying to come to grips with his relationship concerning his ex-wife and daughter. Owns the club in which the other characters of the film perform. Rosa lives on two fronts and tries to provide his daughter proper attention, but she complains that he spends too little time with her, dresses badly and looks like a "crazy man".
Despite a sociable facade, Rosa is lonely which ruins him. Rosa becomes acquainted with an attractive man in a romantic setting, falls for the gentleman act skillfully crafted by the new acquaintance and ill-advisedly goes along with him to continue their socializing; this affair ends with the death of Rosa at the hands of this new acquaintance. A young boy, whose mother is a well-known Moscow dressmaker who makes costumes for the city's elite. Mother does not know about the passion of her son to wear women's dresses, to wear makeup and copy women's manners. Teenagers suspect Gelya of this interest and a tendency to homosexuality, tease him in every way, sometimes they beat him and do nasty things to him. Gelya's patience ends, he, disguised as a girl, goes to a nightclub where he seduces a young man, the main one among the guys who spoiled his life; the next morning the guy decides to boast to his friends about his romantic conquest, but the guys become surprised and start laughing at him. In bed, everyone sees Gelya without a woman's costume.
In the end, Gelya begins to perform regularly. Once a costume designer comes to their dressing room; this costume designer is his own mother. They talk for a long time and as a result the mother accepts Gelya for what he is; the soul of the show and one of the oldest participants in it. For a long time he lives with his boyfriend. At the end of the film, he receives a letter from his boyfriend, in which he confesses that he made a decision to leave home, because Fira is infected with HIV. Heartbroken Fira decides not to show any emotion and continues on her way to the dacha, where the whole company decided to go on a weekend. Entering the supermarket, the cheerful four arrange another extravagant show; the most unusual drag queen of all who wears a women's costume nowhere else. His story began with during the student years when Lara had to play the role of a gypsy woman at a Komsomol concert and was dressed this way by the organizers; the leadership, who watched the ensemble's rehearsal, was indignant at the performance with the choice of music and Lara was reprimanded for it.
However this meeting ended in an unexpected way, the talk continued in the apartment of the leader, who appeared in a female guise. But the encounter ended in a heart attack, as a result the Komsomol leader's career broke down because the ambulance took him away in a woman's dress. Ville Haapasalo as Rosa, Robert Danila Kozlovsky as Lusya, Dima Ivan Nikolayev as Gelya, Gene Pavel Bryun as Lara, Alexey Viktorovich Gusev Alexey Klimushkin as Fira Renata Litvinova as Yevgenia, wife of Rosa Ingeborga Dapkunaite as Margot, mother of Gena Alyona Babenko as Alvetochka, journalist of the publication City News Yevgenia Dobrovolskaya as Valentina, mother of Lusya Mariya Shalayeva as Sasha, daughter of Rosa Alexey Mokhov as Ponomarin Sergei Brun as Alexei Gusev (Lara in his y
Circus (1936 film)
Circus is a 1936 Soviet melodramatic comedy musical film. It was directed by Isidor Simkov at the Mosfilm studios. In his own words, it was conceived as "an eccentric comedy...a real side splitter."Starring the glamorous and immensely popular Lyubov Orlova, the first recognized star of Soviet cinema and a gifted singer, the film contains several songs which became Soviet classics. The most famous is the "Song of the Motherland"; the film was based on a comedy written by Ilf and Petrov and Valentin Kataev and performed by Moscow music hall, Under the Circus Dome, seen and liked by Aleksandrov. They made the play into the plot. Upon return, they disliked the director's interpretation, after a conflict they abandoned the work, forbade the mention of their names in the credits, further work on the plot was continued by Isaac Babel. Orlova plays an American circus artist who, after giving birth to a black baby becomes a victim of racism and is forced to stay in the circus, but finds refuge and happiness in the USSR.
Her black son is embraced by friendly Soviet people. The movie climaxes with a lullaby being sung to the baby by representatives of various Soviet ethnicities taking turns; the film was digitally colorized in 2011 in Russia. Lyubov Orlova as Marion Dixon, American actress and circus artist, her name is a tribute to the actress Marlene Dietrich. James Patterson as Jimmy, Marion's baby Sergei Stolyarov as Ivan Petrovich Martinov, Soviet performance director Pavel Massalsky as Franz von Kneishitz, corrupt theatrical agent Vladimir Volodin as Ludvig, Soviet circus director Yevgeniya Melnikova as Rayechka, the director's daughter Aleksandr Komissarov as Skameikin Nikolai Otto as Charlie Chaplin Solomon Mikhoels as Cameo In early 1953, the verses from the lullaby, sung in Yiddish were removed. After Stalin's death the verses were restored; the well known animal trainer Boris Eder substituted for Aleksandr Komissarov in Skameikin's flower fight with the lions. The "Flight to the Moon" stunt coordinated and performed by three Kharkiv inventors where the extreme sports athlete Vera Buslaeva substituted for Lyubov Orlova for the cameras.
List of musical films List of racism-related films Цирк / Circus on YouTube in white. Circus on IMDb Circus at AllMovie Site-museum of Lyubov Orlova Orlova Yuri Nikulin on the film Circus
Isaak Osipovich Dunayevsky was a Soviet film composer and conductor of the 1930s and 1940s, who achieved huge success in music for operetta and film comedies working with the film director Grigori Aleksandrov. He is considered one of the greatest Soviet composers of all time. Many of his songs are well known and held in high regard in Russia and the former Soviet Union. Dunayevsky was born to a Jewish family in Lokhvitsa, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire in 1900, he studied at the Kharkov Musical School in 1910 where he studied violin under Konstanty Gorski and Joseph Achron. During this period he started to study the theory of music under Semyon Bogatyrev, he graduated in 1919 from the Kharkov Conservatory. At first he was the leader of the orchestra in Kharkov, he started a conducting career. In 1924 he went to Moscow to run the Theatre Hermitage. In 1929 he worked for the first time for a music hall with Moscow music hall, he worked in Leningrad as a director and conductor of the Saint Petersburg music hall, moved to Moscow to work on his own operettas and film music.
Dunayevsky wrote 14 operettas, 3 ballets, 3 cantatas, 80 choruses, 80 songs and romances, music for 88 plays and 42 films, 43 compositions for light music orchestra and 12 for jazz orchestra, 17 melodeclamations, 52 compositions for symphony orchestra and 47 piano compositions and a string quartet. He was one of the first composers in the Soviet Union to start using jazz, his music was accessible to the masses, with memorable tunes that secured his success. He wrote the music for three of the most important films of the pre-war Stalinist era, Jolly Fellows and the film said to be Stalin's favourite film Volga-Volga, all directed by Grigori Aleksandrov. In a reply to the British book The World of Music, he listed the following as his chief works: The Golden Valley operetta, The Free Wind operetta, music to the films Circus and The Kuban Cossacks, he died of a heart attack in Moscow in 1955. His last piece, the operetta White Acacia, was left unfinished at his death, it staged on 15 November 1955, in Moscow.
A unknown opera libretto Rachel by Mikhail Bulgakov, was found in his archive. The libretto was based on Guy de Maupassant's Mademoiselle Fifi and was published in a book by Naum Shafer. A book of his essays and memoirs was published in 1961. Dunayevsky was named a People's Artist of Russia in 1950, he was twice received two orders and many medals. His brother Semyon was a conductor. Dunayevsky was married once, he had a son Yevgeny by his wife Zinaida Sudeikina, another son Maksim by his lover, the ballerina Zoya Pashkova. Maksim is a well-known composer, his daughter Alina, living in France, is continuing her grandfather's and her father's traditions. She is an author-composer, dancer and singer, she is the founder of her pop-rock-electro band Markize in Paris. She is well known in rock circles of Russia, she has issued several video-clips and several singles. She made a great number of international concerts. In 2009 she was invited as a Guest of Honor to sing in duet with a French pop-singer, she was invoted to take part in projects of other different artists and has her fan-clubs in different countries.
Alina Dunaevskaya: www.alina-dunaevskaya.com The Tranquillity of the Faun, ballet Murzilka, ballet for children For Us and You, operetta Bridegrooms, operetta The Knives, operetta To the icy place, operetta Million Langours, operetta Jolly Fellows, film music, including "Serdtse" Three Friends, film music Late for a Date, film music Seekers of Happiness, film music Circus, film music The Children of Captain Grant, film music The Golden Valley, operetta Volga-Volga, film music The Roads to Happiness, operetta My Love. Film music Moscow, suite for solo voices and orchestra The Wind of Liberty, operetta Cossacks of the Kuban, film music The Son of the Clown, operetta Glory of the Railwaymen, cantata Our Homeland May Flourish!, cantata Ballet Suite for orchestra Suite on Chinese themes, orchestra Rhapsody on Songs of the people of the Soviet Union, jazz orchestra The Music Store, jazz orchestra String Quartet Song of the Fatherland, film music Requiem and quintet Song of Stalin and orchestra White Acacia, operetta Also: Songs Pieces for chamber orchestra Incidental music for theatre and cinema Ovar Naum Shafer, “Dunayevsky Today”) Maksim Dunayevsky - son Donajowsky - fictional Russian composer Kommissarskaya, M. Dunayevsky, the article in "Tvorcheskiye biografii Kompozitorov", Moscow, 1989 Shafer, Naum “Dunayevsky Today” Moscow, Sovetsky Kompozitor, 1988
The pan flutes are a group of musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of increasing length. Multiple varieties of pan flutes have long been popular as folk instruments; the pipes are made from bamboo, giant cane, or local reeds. Other materials include wood, plastic and ivory; the pan flute is named after Pan, the Greek god of nature and shepherds depicted with such an instrument. In Greek mythology, Syrinx was a forest Nymph. In her attempt to escape the affection of god Pan, she was transformed in to water-reed or calamos. Pan cut several reeds, placed them in parallel one next to the other, bound them together to make a melodic musical instrument. Ancient Greeks called this instrument Syrinx, in honour of the Muse, Pandean, or Pan-pipes and Pan-flute, after Pan; the Syrinx, a predominantly pastoral instrument for the Greeks, was adopted by the Etruscans who played it at their festivals and banquets. The Romans adopted the Syrinx from the Greeks and the Etruscans, they too played it at their banquets, festivals, as well as in religious and funeral processions.
The pan flute's tubes are stopped at one end, at which the standing wave is reflected giving a note an octave lower than that produced by an open pipe of equal length. In the traditional South American style, pipes are fine-tuned to correct pitch by placing small pebbles or dry corn kernels into the bottom of the pipes. Contemporary makers of curved Romanian-style panpipes use wax to tune new instruments. Special tools are used to remove the wax. Corks and rubber stoppers are used, are easier to tune pipes; the pan flute is an end-blown flute. Sound is produced by the vibration of an air-stream blowing across an open hole at the end of a resonating tube; the length of the tube determines the fundamental frequency. An overblown harmonic register is near a 12th above the fundamental in cylindrical tubes, but can approach an octave jump if a decreasing taper is used. According to the Fundamental Principle for pan flutes, the frequency and the length of the tube are inversely proportional; every time the pitch goes up one octave, the frequency doubles.
Because there are 12 notes in a chromatic scale or a full octave, every half-step in a chromatic scale is multiplied by the 12th root of 2 to get the note next to it. By this, it is possible to calculate the length of any pipe, given that one knows the length of any one pipe; the formula for calculating the length of a pan flute pipe is L = / 4. Because of a property of compression within the tube, the length must be a little shorter to correct flat pitch; the extra length is helpful for a maker, who can use a cork or plug at the bottom to adjust the pitch. Some instruments use wax or pellets to tune the fundamental pitch of each tube. A tube that has a diameter 1/10 of its length yields a typical tone colour. An inner diameter range between 1/7 and 1/14 of the length L is acceptable. A narrow tube will sound "reedy", while a wide one will sound "flutey". A more exact method is to multiply the bore diameter by 0.82 and subtract this value from the tube length. This compensates for internal compression slowing frequency and the lips covering the voicing.
Only tiny adjustments will be needed to adjust fundamental pitch for air density and temperature. The pan flute is played by blowing horizontally across an open end against the sharp inner edge of the pipes; each pipe is tuned to a keynote, called the fundamental frequency. By overblowing, that is, increasing the pressure of breath and tension of lips, odd harmonics, near a 12th in cylindrical tubes, may be produced; the Romanian pan flute has the pipes arranged in a curved array, solidly glued together, unlike Andean versions, which are tied together. Thus, the player can reach all the notes by swiveling the head, or by moving the instrument with the hands; these instruments can play all the sharps and flats, with a special technique of both tilting the pipes and jaw movement, thus reducing the size of the pipe's opening and producing a change in pitch. A advanced player can play any scale and in any key. There are two styles of vibrato possible, hand breath vibrato. In hand vibrato, the pitch is shifted down, like a vocal vibrato.
The player moves one end of the pan flute somewhat similar to violin vibrato. Breath, or throat vibrato, tremelo, a shift in volume, is the same technique used by players of the flute and other woodwinds by use of the player's diaphragm, or throat muscles; the curved-style pan flute was popularized by the Romanian musician Gheorghe Zamfir, who toured extensively and recorded many albums of pan flute music in the 1970s, by several other artists who began recording at the same time. Today there are thousands of devoted players across Europe and the Americas. Both the curved and traditional South American variations are very popular in Peruvian traditional groups and other Andean music. In Laos and Thailand, there is a cylindrical version called the wot, used in folk music from the Isaan region of the country; the player alters notes by rotating the instrument with the hands, rather than by head movements. Some new designs are beginning to appear, as de
Macmillan Publishers Ltd is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. It operates in more than thirty others. Macmillan was founded in 1843 by Daniel and Alexander Macmillan, two brothers from the Isle of Arran, Scotland. Daniel was the business brain, while Alexander laid the literary foundations, publishing such notable authors as Charles Kingsley, Thomas Hughes, Francis Turner Palgrave, Christina Rossetti, Matthew Arnold and Lewis Carroll. Alfred Tennyson joined the list in 1884, Thomas Hardy in 1886 and Rudyard Kipling in 1890. Other major writers published by Macmillan included W. B. Yeats, Rabindranath Tagore, Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Seán O'Casey, John Maynard Keynes, Charles Morgan, Hugh Walpole, Margaret Mitchell, C. P. Snow, Rumer Godden and Ram Sharan Sharma. Beyond literature, the company created such enduring titles as Nature, the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians and Sir Robert Harry Inglis Palgrave's Dictionary of Political Economy. George Edward Brett opened the first Macmillan office in the United States in 1869 and Macmillan sold its U.
S. operations to the Brett family, George Platt Brett, Sr. and George Platt Brett, Jr. in 1896, resulting in the creation of an American company, Macmillan Publishing called the Macmillan Company. With the split of the American company from its parent company in England, George Brett, Jr. and Harold Macmillan remained close personal friends. Macmillan Publishers re-entered the American market in 1954 under the name St. Martin's Press. Macmillan of Canada was founded in 1905. After retiring from politics in 1964, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Harold Macmillan became chairman of the company, serving until his death in December 1986, he had been with the family firm as a junior partner from 1920 to 1940, from 1945 to 1951 while he was in the opposition in Parliament. Holtzbrinck Publishing Group purchased the company in 1999. Pearson acquired the Macmillan name in America in 1998, following its purchase of the Simon & Schuster educational and professional group. Holtzbrinck purchased it from them in 2001.
McGraw-Hill continues to market its pre-kindergarten through elementary school titles under its Macmillan/McGraw-Hill brand. The US operations of Holtzbrinck Publishing changed its name to Macmillan in October 2017, its audio publishing imprint changed its name from Audio Renaissance to Macmillan Audio, while its distribution arm was renamed from Von Holtzbrinck Publishers Services to Macmillan Publishers Services. With Pan Macmillan's purchase of Kingfisher, a British children's publisher, Roaring Brook Press publisher Simon Boughton would take oversee Kingfisher's US business in October 2007. By some estimates, as of 2009 e-books account for three to five per cent of total book sales, are the fastest growing segment of the market. According to The New York Times and other major publishers "fear that massive discounting by retailers including Amazon, Barnes & Noble and Sony could devalue what consumers are willing to pay for books." In response, the publisher introduced a new boilerplate contract for its authors that established a royalty of 20 per cent of net proceeds on e-book sales, a rate five per cent lower than most other major publishers.
Following the announcement of the Apple iPad on 27 January 2010—a product that comes with access to the iBookstore—Macmillan gave Amazon.com two options: continue to sell e-books based on a price of the retailer's choice, with the e-book edition released several months after the hardcover edition is released, or switch to the agency model introduced to the industry by Apple, in which both are released and the price is set by the publisher. In the latter case, Amazon.com would receive a 30 per cent commission. Amazon responded by pulling all Macmillan books, both physical, from their website. On 31 January 2010, Amazon chose the agency model preferred by Macmillan. In April 2012, the United States Department of Justice filed United States v. Apple Inc. naming Apple and four other major publishers as defendants. The suit alleged that they conspired to fix prices for e-books, weaken Amazon.com's position in the market, in violation of antitrust law. In December 2013, a federal judge approved a settlement of the antitrust claims, in which Macmillan and the other publishers paid into a fund that provided credits to customers who had overpaid for books due to the price-fixing.
In 2010, Macmillan Education submitted to an investigation on grounds of fraudulent practices. The Macmillan division admitted to bribery in an attempt to secure a contract for an education project in southern Sudan; as a direct result of the investigation, sanctions were applied by the World Bank Group, namely a 6-year debarment declaring the company ineligible to be awarded Bank-financed contracts. In December 2011, Bedford and Worth Publishing Group, Macmillan's higher education group, changed its name to Macmillan Higher Education while retaining the Bedford and Worth name for its k–12 educational unit; that month, Brian Napack resigned as Macmillan president while staying on for transitional purposes. In May 2015, London-based Macmillan Science and Education merged with Berlin-based Springer Science+Business Media to form Springer Nature, jointly controlled by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group and BC Partners. US publishing divis