Tampa Bay Rays
The Tampa Bay Rays are an American professional baseball team based in St. Petersburg, Florida; the Rays compete in Major League Baseball as a member of the American League East division. Since its inception, the team's home venue has been Tropicana Field. Following nearly three decades of unsuccessfully trying to gain an expansion franchise or enticing existing teams to relocate to the Tampa Bay Area, an ownership group led by Vince Naimoli was approved on March 9, 1995; the Tampa Bay Devil Rays began play in the 1998 Major League Baseball season. Their first decade of play, was marked by futility. Following the 2007 season, Stuart Sternberg, who had purchased controlling interest in the team from Vince Naimoli two years earlier, changed the team's name from "Devil Rays" to "Rays", now meant to refer to a burst of sunshine rather than a manta ray, though a manta ray logo remains on the uniform sleeves; the 2008 season saw the Tampa Bay Rays post their first winning season, their first AL East championship, their first pennant, though they lost to the Philadelphia Phillies in that year's World Series.
Since the Rays have played in the postseason in 2010, 2011, 2013. The Tampa Bay Rays' chief rivals are the New York Yankees. Regarding the former, there have been several notable on-field incidents; the Rays have an intrastate interleague rivalry with the National League's Miami Marlins, whom they play in the Citrus Series. The name "Tampa Bay" is used to describe a geographic metropolitan area which encompasses the cities around the body of water known as Tampa Bay, including Tampa, St. Petersburg and Bradenton. Unlike in the case of Green Bay, there is no municipality known as "Tampa Bay"; the "Tampa Bay" in the names of local professional sports franchises denotes that they represent the entire region, not just Tampa or St. Petersburg. Former civic leader and St. Petersburg Times publisher, Jack Lake, first suggested St. Petersburg pursue a Major League baseball team in the 1960s; the notable influences Lake held in the sport are what led to the serious discussions that changed St. Petersburg from a spring training location to a major league city.
He spoke to anyone who would listen about his desire to see the city of St. Petersburg have a Major league baseball team, his colorful direction dominated the mindset in both sports and business circles dating back to 1966. He was said to have the prominence to make it happen. Local leaders made many unsuccessful attempts to acquire a major league baseball team in the 1980s and 1990s; the Minnesota Twins, San Francisco Giants, Chicago White Sox, Texas Rangers, Seattle Mariners all considered moving to either Tampa or St. Petersburg before deciding to remain in their current locations; the Florida Suncoast Dome was built in St. Petersburg in 1990 with the purpose of luring a major league team; that same year two separate groups, one in Tampa and another in Sarasota, were seeking to get an expansion team. The Tampa one registered the name "Florida Panthers", after a local feline - a trademark which ended up being purchased by entrepreneur Wayne Huizenga one year and used by him to name an NHL ice hockey team.
When Major League Baseball announced that it would add two expansion teams for the 1993 season, it was assumed that one of the teams would be placed in the Dome. However, in addition to the application from St. Petersburg, a competing group applied to field a team in Tampa, prompting much conflict over the bid; the two National League teams were awarded to Miami instead. In 1992, San Francisco Giants owner Bob Lurie agreed in principle to sell his team to a Tampa Bay-based group of investors led by Vince Naimoli, who would move the team to St. Petersburg. However, at the 11th hour, MLB owners nixed the move under pressure from San Francisco officials and the Giants were sold to a group that kept them in San Francisco. On March 9, 1995, new expansion franchises were awarded to Naimoli's Tampa Bay group and a group from Phoenix; the new franchises were scheduled to begin play in 1998. The Tampa Bay area had a team, but the stadium in St. Petersburg was in need of an upgrade. In 1993, the stadium was renamed the Thunderdome and became the home of the Tampa Bay Lightning hockey team and the Tampa Bay Storm Arena Football League team.
After the birth of the Rays, the naming rights were sold to Tropicana Products and $70 million was spent on renovations. The records of the Rays' last five seasons in Major League Baseball; these statistics are current through the 2018 Major League Baseball season. Tampa Bay's primary rivals are the New York Yankees; the Red Sox/Rays rivalry dates back to the 2000 season, when Devil Ray Gerald Williams took exception to being hit by a pitch thrown by Boston pitcher Pedro Martínez and charged the mound, resulting in a game full of retaliations and ejections on both sides. There have been several other incidents between the teams during the ensuing years, including one in 2005 which resulted in two bench-clearing fights during the game and a war of words between then-Devil Rays manager Lou Piniella and then-Boston pitcher Curt Schilling through the media in the following days; the rivalry reached its highest level to date during the 2008 season, which included a brawl during a June meeting in Fenway Park and a 7-game American League Championship Series between the teams t
Houston is the most populous city in the U. S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated population of 2.312 million in 2017. It is the most populous city in the Southern United States and on the Gulf Coast of the United States. Located in Southeast Texas near Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, it is the seat of Harris County and the principal city of the Greater Houston metropolitan area, the fifth most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States and the second most populous in Texas after the Dallas-Fort Worth MSA. With a total area of 627 square miles, Houston is the eighth most expansive city in the United States, it is the largest city in the United States by total area, whose government is not consolidated with that of a county or borough. Though in Harris County, small portions of the city extend into Fort Bend and Montgomery counties. Houston was founded by land speculators on August 30, 1836, at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837.
The city is named after former General Sam Houston, president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas' independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto 25 miles east of Allen's Landing. After serving as the capital of the Texas Republic in the late 1830s, Houston grew into a regional trading center for the remainder of the 19th century; the arrival of the 20th century saw a convergence of economic factors which fueled rapid growth in Houston, including a burgeoning port and railroad industry, the decline of Galveston as Texas' primary port following a devastating 1900 hurricane, the subsequent construction of the Houston Ship Channel, the Texas oil boom. In the mid-20th century, Houston's economy diversified as it became home to the Texas Medical Center—the world's largest concentration of healthcare and research institutions—and NASA's Johnson Space Center, where the Mission Control Center is located. Houston's economy has a broad industrial base in energy, manufacturing and transportation.
Leading in healthcare sectors and building oilfield equipment, Houston has the second most Fortune 500 headquarters of any U. S. municipality within its city limits. The Port of Houston ranks first in the United States in international waterborne tonnage handled and second in total cargo tonnage handled. Nicknamed the "Space City", Houston is a global city, with strengths in culture and research; the city has a population from various ethnic and religious backgrounds and a large and growing international community. Houston is the most diverse metropolitan area in Texas and has been described as the most racially and ethnically diverse major metropolis in the U. S, it is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits, which attract more than 7 million visitors a year to the Museum District. Houston has an active visual and performing arts scene in the Theater District and offers year-round resident companies in all major performing arts; the Allen brothers—Augustus Chapman and John Kirby—explored town sites on Buffalo Bayou and Galveston Bay.
According to historian David McComb, "he brothers, on August 26, 1836, bought from Elizabeth E. Parrott, wife of T. F. L. Parrott and widow of John Austin, the south half of the lower league granted to her by her late husband, they paid $5,000 total, but only $1,000 of this in cash. They lobbied the Republic of Texas Congress to designate Houston as the temporary capital, agreeing to provide the new government with a capital building. About a dozen persons resided in the town at the beginning of 1837, but that number grew to about 1,500 by the time the Texas Congress convened in Houston for the first time that May. Houston was granted incorporation with James S. Holman becoming its first mayor. In the same year, Houston became the county seat of Harrisburg County. In 1839, the Republic of Texas relocated its capital to Austin; the town suffered another setback that year when a yellow fever epidemic claimed about one life out of every eight residents. Yet it persisted as a commercial center, forming a symbiosis with Galveston.
Landlocked farmers brought their produce to Houston, using Buffalo Bayou to gain access to Galveston and the Gulf of Mexico. Houston merchants profited from selling staples to farmers and shipping the farmers' produce to Galveston; the great majority of slaves in Texas came with their owners from the older slave states. Sizable numbers, came through the domestic slave trade. New Orleans was the center of this trade in the Deep South. Thousands of enslaved blacks lived near the city before the American Civil War. Many of them near the city worked on sugar and cotton plantations, while most of those in the city limits had domestic and artisan jobs. In 1840, the community established a chamber of commerce in part to promote shipping and navigation at the newly created port on Buffalo Bayou. By 1860, Houston had emerged as a commercial and railroad hub for the export of cotton. Railroad spurs from the Texas inland converged in Houston, where they met rail lines to the ports of Galveston and Beaumont.
During the American Civil War, Houston served as a headquarters for General John Magruder, who used the city as an organization point for the Battle of Galveston. After the Civil War, Houston businessmen initia
Clear Lake High School (Houston)
Clear Lake High School is a public secondary school located in Houston, United States. The school, which serves grades 9 through 12, is a part of the Clear Creek Independent School District; the school serves portions of Pasadena. It served the cities of Seabrook, El Lago, Taylor Lake Village, the El Jardin del Mar portion of Pasadena, until Clear Falls High School in League City opened, its colors are red and white. Its mascot and symbol is the Falcon. Clear Lake High School opened in 1972 to alleviate overcrowding at what was the district's only high school, Clear Creek High School with the first class graduating in 1973; the current campus has a ninth grade center — Space Center Intermediate School — field house, athletic fields, all across the street from the University of Houston–Clear Lake. The ninth grade annex was first added to the Clear Lake High School campus in 1978; the 9th grade center was used as Space Center Intermediate School but returned to a 9th grade center when SCIS moved to a newly built campus for the 1999-2000 school year.
For the 1986-87 school year Clear Lake High School became a National Blue Ribbon School. Clear Lake High School is the largest school in Texas with a Texas Education Agency ranking of Recognized; the school discovered large-scale cheating in an English IV final examination in 2012. The school invalidated all English IV final exam results, allowing students who did not cheat to have a final grade without the final or to take the final again; the students who cheated received scores of zero. The demographic breakdown of the 2,396 students enrolled in 2015-2016 was: Male - 52.0% Female - 48.0% Native American/Alaskan - 0.3% Asian/Pacific islanders - 15.4% Black - 6.6% Hispanic - 23.8% White - 49.7% Multiracial - 4.2%19.9% of the students were eligible for free or reduced-cost lunch. In May 2013 voters in CCISD approved a $367 million district bond. According to the referendum, Clear Lake High will get new campus buildings, valued at $98.6 million total. PBK Architects designed a two-story classroom building and a fine arts center.
Construction is scheduled to begin in April 2014. Construction is scheduled to finish January 2018. In 2005 the school had 525 students enrolled in its music classes; that year, the school was named a Grammy Signature School. Its music department received a grant for $2,000. 1972, 1982: the girls' swimming team won the State Championship. 1976-77, 1979, 1981-84: the boys' swimming team won the State Championship. 1981: the Theatre Department was named first runner-up at the 5A Texas State One Act Play Competition for their production of "Pygmalion" 1981: The CLHS Symphonic band, conducted by Richard Bass, finished 1st in the World Music Festival in Vienna, competing against bands from all over the globe. Their 14-day trek took the band through such countries as Germany and Switzerland. 1984: The Theatre Department won the 5A Texas State One Act Play Competition for their production of "Children of a Lesser God" 1988: The Theatre Department won the 5A Texas State One Act Play Competition for their production of "Black Angel" 1989: The CLHS Boys' Basketball team won the 5A Texas State Championship.
1991: The CLHS Orchestra, conducted by James Kidwell, finished 1st place in the state for full orchestra performance in the Texas Music Educators Association Honor Orchestra competition. 2000: The CLHS Marching Band qualified for the Texas State Marching Band Contest at Baylor University's Floyd Casey Stadium in Waco. The band's show featured music by Samuel Barber including his Adagio for Strings and his Second Symphony. 2007: The Clear Lake Girls Golf Team won the Texas 5A State Championship at Roy Kiser Golf Course in Austin,Texas. The Falcons won the championship by 28 strokes. Lauren Hassell won the Individual State Allyson Ferguson finished in 3rd Place. Contributing to the Falcons win were team members: Lizzie Trembley, Aly Smith and Nicole Bentley; the team was coached by Karolyn Criado. 2007: The CLHS Orchestra, conducted by Bryan Buffaloe and Kevin Black, finished in 2nd place in the state for string orchestra performance and 3rd place in the state for full orchestra performance, its best finish for multiple events in the Texas Music Educators Association.
The CLHS Scholars' bowl team again took first place at the NHS Scholars' Bowl in Atlanta and swept the individual-category competitions. The CLHS Earth Angels, representing TEAM USA, won first place in the Global Enterprise Challenge in Wales in June; the Clear Lake Rocketry Club made it to the National Finals of the Team America Rocketry Challenge in The Plains, VA in May. 2008: The Clear Lake Team Tennis Team won 2nd place in the State Championships. However, due misconduct by the 1st place school, the tennis team was retroactively declared the State Champions; the allegations were. Because the Texas High School Tennis Rule Book forbade such a hiring, the team was disqualified, the Clear Lake team was declared to have won.. 2009: The CLHS Wind Ensemble was invited to perform at the prestigious Midwest Clinic. 1990-2010: The boys' waterpolo team won 12 out of 20 5A state championships. 2010: The Girls' Basketball team finished 2nd in their district went on to the 4th round of the Texas State UIL Playoffs.
2010: The CLHS Full Orchestra, conducted by Bryan Buffaloe, Kevin Black, John Law, was named the 2011 State Honor Orchestra in the High School Full Orchestra Division by the Texas Music Educators Association and performed at the annual TMEA Convention in San Antonio in February 2011. 2012: The CLHS cheerleaders competed at the Cheer America National
Pawtucket Red Sox
The Pawtucket Red Sox are a professional minor league baseball team based in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The team is a member of the International League and is the Triple-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox, it plays its home games at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, is the only professional baseball team in Rhode Island. Its most recent championship win was in 2014; the franchise was first established in the Double-A Eastern League in 1970. Three years Boston's Triple-A affiliate in the International League replaced the Eastern League PawSox. After enduring three different owners, at least two threats to move the team elsewhere, bankruptcy, the PawSox were purchased from the International League by local industrialist Ben Mondor in January 1977. Over the next 38 years and his heirs stabilized the franchise and turned it into a success. On February 23, 2015, the team was sold to a group headed by then-Boston Red Sox president and chief executive officer Larry Lucchino and Rhode Island attorney James J. Skeffington.
Thwarted in two attempts to replace McCoy Stadium with a new facility, the PawSox announced on August 17, 2018, that they will move to Worcester, Massachusetts, 42 miles away, in 2021. The first team to be dubbed the Pawtucket Red Sox debuted at McCoy Stadium in 1970 as a member of the Double-A Eastern League; the franchise, owned by former Major League shortstop Joe Buzas, had spent the previous five seasons as the Pittsfield Red Sox after playing in four different Pennsylvania cities—Allentown, Johnstown and Reading—over seven years. After three seasons, Pawtucket's Eastern League franchise moved to Bristol, Connecticut, in 1973 to make room for the Triple-A PawSox, the former Louisville Colonels of the International League. Carlton Fisk, the future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher, played for the Eastern League PawSox in 1970. Shortstop Rick Burleson and first baseman Cecil Cooper are among the players who toiled for both the Double-A and Triple-A versions of the team; this first edition of the PawSox franchise played for ten seasons as the Bristol Red Sox and spent 33 seasons in New Britain, the last 21 of them as the Rock Cats.
In 2016, the Rock Cats moved to Connecticut's capital city, were rechristened the Hartford Yard Goats. The Cleveland Indians had placed an Eastern League club in Pawtucket, in 1966–67; the Pawtucket Indians moved to Waterbury, Connecticut, in 1968. The Pawtucket Slaters, a Boston Braves farm club in the Class B New England League, represented the city from 1946 to 1949, when the NEL disbanded; the Triple-A team, now the Pawtucket Red Sox began in 1896 as the Toronto Maple Leafs. After the American Association and its Louisville Colonels franchise folded in 1962 and the American League owners voted down Charlie O. Finley's agreement to move the Kansas City A's to Louisville in 1964, Louisville was ready for the return of baseball. In 1968 the Maple Leafs, the Red Sox' top minor league club since 1965, were bought by Walter J. Dilbeck and moved to Louisville where they became the new Louisville Colonels and retained their affiliation with the Red Sox, they played at Fairgrounds Stadium on the Kentucky State Fairgrounds.
While in Louisville, star players included Carlton Fisk, Dwight Evans, Cecil Cooper. The Louisville Colonels made the International League playoffs in 1969 and 1972. In 1972, the Kentucky State Fair Board remodeled Cardinal Stadium; the renovations made the stadium unsuitable for baseball. However, the stadium was used by the latter-day Louisville Redbirds club, setting minor league attendance records and outdrawing several major league teams. Following the 1972 season, the Louisville Colonels of the International League moved to Pawtucket and became the Pawtucket Red Sox, with Buzas taking over as owner; the first Triple-A team was a success on the field, led by future major leaguers Cecil Cooper and Dick Pole, winning the 1973 Governors' Cup Championship in their inaugural year in the league over the Charleston Charlies which they followed up by defeating the Tulsa Oilers of the American Association to win the Junior World Series. The following season they finished 30 games below.500 and lost an estimated $40,000.
Buzas sold the team to Philip Anez, a Smithfield advertising executive, in January 1975. While the parent club was on their way to the 1975 World Series, the 1975 PawSox finished with a 53–87 mark; the team changed its name to the Rhode Island Red Sox for the 1976 season, but little changed on the field with a third straight sub-.500 season and falling attendance. Anez threatened to move his club to New Jersey. After the season, the franchise went unable to pay off $2 million worth of debt; the International League took it over awarded it in December 1976 to Massachusetts businessman Marvin Adelson, who renamed the team the New England Red Sox—and explored transferring it to Worcester. But after less than two months, in January 1977, the league revoked Adelson's franchise, alleging "nonperformance of terms and conditions". Although it appeared the Red Sox's stay in the Pawtucket area was about to come to an end, retired Lincoln businessman Ben Mondor stepped in and made sure the team remained in the city.
Mondor was granted a brand-new franchise and restored the name to the Pawtucket Red Sox
2009 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2009 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champions – New York Yankees American League Champions – New York Yankees National League Champions – Philadelphia Phillies Postseason – October 7 to November 4 Minor League Baseball AAA Championship: Durham Bulls International League: Durham Bulls Pacific Coast League: Memphis Redbirds Mexican League: Saraperos de Saltillo AA Eastern League: Akron Aeros Southern League: Jacksonville Suns Texas League: Midland RockHounds A California League: San Jose Giants Carolina League: Lynchburg Hillcats Florida State League: Tampa Yankees Midwest League: Fort Wayne TinCaps South Atlantic League: Lakewood BlueClaws New York–Penn League: Staten Island Yankees Northwest League: Salem-Keizer Volcanoes Rookie Appalachian League: Danville Braves Gulf Coast League: GF Nationals Pioneer League: Orem Owlz Arizona League: AZL Mariners Independent baseball leagues Alaska Baseball League: Mat-Su Miners American Association: Lincoln Saltdogs Atlantic League: Somerset Patriots Canadian-American Association: Quebec Capitales Frontier League: Lake Erie Crushers Golden Baseball League: Calgary Vipers Northern League: Fargo-Moorhead RedHawks United League Baseball: Amarillo Dillas Amateur College College World Series: LSU NCAA Division II: Lynn University NCAA Division III: St. Thomas NAIA: Lubbock Christian Youth Big League World Series: Santiago, Dominican Republic Junior League World Series: Scottsdale, Arizona Little League World Series: Chula Vista, California Senior League World Series: Houston, Texas International National teams World Baseball Classic: Japan Baseball World Cup: United States Asian Baseball Championship: Japan International club team competitions Asia Series: Yomiuri Giants, Japan Caribbean Series: Tigres de Aragua, Venezuela European Champion Cup Final Four: Nettuno, Italy Domestic Leagues Australia – Claxton Shield: Perth Heat China Baseball League: Beijing Tigers Cuban National Series: Habana Dominican League: Tigres del Licey France – Division Elite: Rouen Baseball 76 Holland Series: Neptunus Italy – Serie A1: Fortitudo Bologna Japanese Leagues: Championship: Yomiuri Giants Central League: Yomiuri Giants Pacific League: Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters Most Valuable Players – Alex Ramírez / Yu Darvish Korean Series: KIA Tigers Mexican Pacific League: Venados de Mazatlán Puerto Rican League: Leones de Ponce Taiwan Series: Uni-President Lions Venezuelan League: Tigres de Aragua Baseball Hall of Fame honors Rickey Henderson and Jim Rice were elected by the Baseball Writers' Association of America.
Frick Award. MVP Awards American League – Joe Mauer National League – Albert Pujols Cy Young Awards American League – Zack Greinke National League – Tim Lincecum Rookie of the Year Awards American League – Andrew Bailey National League – Chris Coghlan Manager of the Year Awards American League – Mike Scioscia National League – Jim Tracy Silver Slugger AwardsGold Glove Awards Woman Executive of the Year: Katie Dannemiller, Greensboro Grasshoppers, South Atlantic LeagueMajor Leagues Branch Rickey Award – Torii Hunter DHL Delivery Man of the Year Award – Mariano Rivera Hutch Award – Mark Teahen Luis Aparicio Award – Félix Hernández Roberto Clemente Award – Derek Jeter Players Choice Awards Player of the Year – Albert Pujols Marvin Miller Man of the Year – Curtis Granderson Outstanding Players – Joe Mauer / Albert Pujols Outstanding Pitchers – Zack Greinke / Adam Wainwright Outstanding Rookies – Gordon Beckham / J. A. Happ Comeback players of the year – Aaron Hill / Chris Carpenter Sporting News Awards Player of the Year – Albert Pujols Managers of the Year – Mike Scioscia / Jim Tracy Pitchers of the Year – Zack Greinke / Tim Lincecum Rookies of the Year – Gordon Beckham / J. A. Happ Comeback players of the year – Aaron Hill / Chris Carpenter Relievers of the year – Mariano Rivera / Ryan Franklin Minor Leagues Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jason Heyward USA Today Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jason Heyward January 1 – Major League Baseball launches the MLB Network at 6 PM ET.
Commissioner Bud Selig greets viewers at the channel's official inception. January 13 – Trevor Hoffman, the current all-time saves leader, signs a one-year $6 million deal with the Milwaukee Brewers. January 15 – The Los Angeles Dodgers reach an agreement with Andruw Jones to release him in time to catch on with another team before spring training in exchange for a deferral of some of the remaining money due on his contract. January 21 – In his first year of arbitration eligibility, closer Jonathan Papelbon and the Boston Red Sox agree to a $6.25 million, one-year contract that avoids salary arbitration. Just one day after Bobby Jenks does the same, Papelbon surpasses Éric Gagné's previous major league mark of $5 million for a reliever with three years of service time. Francisco Rodríguez made $3.775 million in his first year of arbitration. January 22 -Jeff Kent announces his retirement after 17 seasons, he hit more home runs than any other second baseman in major league history. January 25 – Thre
2005 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. Chicago White Sox swept the Houston Astros to win the 2005 World Series. 2005 marked the inaugural season of the Washington Nationals, who relocated from Montreal and were known as the Expos. This is Washington, D. C.'s first time having a baseball team since the Washington Senators became the Texas Rangers following the 1971 season. Chris Burke ended the 2005 NLDS with a walk-off home run in the bottom of the 18th inning; the Astros went from 15-30 to the 2005 World Series. They went 22-7 in July. Regular season ChampionsWorld Series Champion – Chicago White Sox Postseason – October 4 to October 26Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed has home field advantage during League Championship Series. American League has home field advantage during World Series as a result of American League victory in 2005 All-Star Game. National League is seeded 1-3/2-4 as a result of NL regular season champion and NL wild card coming from the same division.
Postseason MVPs World Series MVP – Jermaine Dye ALCS MVP – Paul Konerko NLCS MVP – Roy Oswalt All-Star Game, July 12 at Comerica Park – American League, 7-5. Jerry Coleman wins the Ford C. Frick Award for broadcasters. Peter Gammons receives the J. G. Taylor Spink Award for sportswriters. Major League Baseball awardsNote: The Comeback Player of the Year Award was voted on for the first time by fans. Gold Glove Awards: AL: Kenny Rogers, Jason Varitek, Mark Teixeira, Orlando Hudson, Eric Chavez, Derek Jeter, Ichiro Suzuki, Torii Hunter, Vernon Wells NL: Greg Maddux, Mike Matheny, Derrek Lee, Luis Castillo, Mike Lowell, Omar Vizquel, Jim Edmonds, Andruw Jones, Bobby Abreu Player of the Month – April: Brian Roberts, Derrek Lee. Boggs receives 474 votes. Sandberg receives 393 votes, six more than the needed number. Relief pitchers Bruce Sutter and Rich "Goose" Gossage, outfielders Jim Rice and Andre Dawson, are the only other players to be named on at least half of the ballots cast. January 21 – Roger Clemens and the Houston Astros agree to an $18 million, one-year contract.
Clemens, a seven-time Cy Young Award winner, agrees to a deal that makes him the highest-paid pitcher for the fifth time, following deals with the Boston Red Sox in 1989 and 1991.
Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat