William Alexander Chilton was an American singer-songwriter and record producer, best known as the lead singer of The Box Tops and Big Star. Chilton's early commercial success in the 1960s as a teen vocalist for The Box Tops was never repeated in years with Big Star and in his subsequent indie music solo career on small labels, but he drew an intense following among indie and alternative music musicians, he is cited as a seminal influence by influential rock artists and bands, some of whose testimonials appeared in the 2012 documentary Big Star: Nothing Can Hurt Me. Chilton grew up in a musical family. A local band recruited the teenaged Chilton in 1966 to be their lead singer after learning of the popularity of his vocal performance at a talent show at Memphis' Central High School; this band was Ronnie and The Devilles, subsequently renamed The Box Tops. The group recorded with Chips Moman and producer/songwriter Dan Penn at American Sound Studio and Muscle Shoals' FAME Studios. Chilton was 16 when his first professional recording, The Box Tops' song "The Letter", became a number-one international hit.
The Box Tops went on to have several other major chart hits, including "Neon Rainbow", "Cry Like a Baby", Choo Choo Train, "Sweet Cream Ladies, Forward March", "Soul Deep". Aside from the hits "The Letter", "Neon Rainbow", "Soul Deep", all written by Wayne Carson, many of the group's songs were written by Penn, Spooner Oldham, other top area songwriters, with Chilton contributing a song. By late 1969, only Chilton and guitarist Gary Talley remained from the original group, newer additions replaced the members who had departed; the group decided to disband and pursue independent careers in February 1970. After deciding against enrolling as a student at Memphis State University, Chilton began performing as a solo artist, maintaining a working relationship with Penn for demos. During this period he began learning guitar by studying the styles of guitarists like Stax Records great Steve Cropper. Chilton began recording his own solo material in the fall of 1969 at Ardent Studios with local musicians including producer Terry Manning and drummer Richard Rosebrough, producing a few local blues-rock acts.
His 1969-1970 recordings and productions from that time frame were released years in the 1980s and 1990s on albums like Lost Decade and 1970. During this era, Chilton was considered as a replacement vocalist for Al Kooper in Blood, Sweat & Tears. After a period in New York City, during which Chilton worked on his guitar technique and singing style, Chilton returned to Memphis in 1971 and co-founded the power pop group Big Star, with Chris Bell, recording at engineer John Fry's Ardent Studios. Chilton and Bell co-wrote "In The Street" for Big Star's first album #1 Record, a track covered by Cheap Trick and used as the theme song of That'70s Show; the group's recordings met with little commercial success but established Chilton's reputation as a rock singer and songwriter. E. M. and The Posies would praise the group as a major influence. During this period he occasionally recorded with Rosebrough as a group they called The Dolby Fuckers. Rosebrough would work with Chilton on recordings, including Big Star's Third album and Chilton's 1975 solo record Bach's Bottom.
Moving back to New York in 1977, Chilton performed as "Alex Chilton and the Cossacks" with a lineup that included Chris Stamey and Richard Lloyd of Television at venues like CBGB, releasing an influential solo single, "Bangkok", in 1978. This period learning from the New York CBGB scene marked the beginning of a key change for Chilton's personal musical interests away from multi-layered pop studio recording standards toward an animated punk and traditional pop-influenced performance style recorded in one take and featuring few overdubs. There he made the acquaintance of a formative psychobilly ensemble, he brought them to Memphis, to which he had moved back to April 1978, where he produced the songs that would appear on their Gravest Hits EP and their Songs the Lord Taught Us LP. In 1979, Chilton released, in a limited edition of the album Like Flies on Sherbert. Produced by Chilton with Jim Dickinson at Phillips Recording and Ardent Studios, it features his own interpretations of songs by artists as disparate as the Carter Family, Jimmy C.
Newman, Ernest Tubb, KC and the Sunshine Band, along with several originals. While criticized by some as a druggy mess, this album is considered by many to be a lo-fi masterpiece. Sherbert—which included backing work from such notable Memphis musicians as Rosebrough, drummer Ross Johnson, Chilton's longtime on-again/off-again companion, Lesa Aldridge—has since been reissued several times. Beginning in 1979 Chilton co-founded, played guitar with, produced some albums for Tav Falco's Panther Burns, which began as an offbeat rock-and-roll group deconstructing blues and rockabilly music. Chilton spent most of 1980 and 1981 living in Memphis and staying off the road, with the notable exception of a trip to London in May 1980 to play two shows with bassist Matthew Seligman and drummer Morris Wind
Major Lance was an American R&B singer. After a number of US hits in the 1960s, including "The Monkey Time" and "Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um", he became an iconic figure in Britain in the 1970s among followers of Northern soul. Although he stopped making records in 1982, Major Lance continued to perform at concerts and on tours until his death in 1994. There has been some dispute over Major Lance's birth year. However, 1939 appears to be the correct year of birth. In the 1940 U. S. Census, there is a "Mager" Lance listed in Washington County, Mississippi, as the one-year-old son of Lucendy Lance, a widow. Lance's gravestone states he was born in 1939.'Major' was his given forename, not a nickname or stage name. Lance, one of 12 children, moved as a child with his family to the midnorth side of Chicago in the Cabrini-Green projects, a high-crime area, where he developed a boyhood friendship with Otis Leavill, both of whom attended Wells High School; this was the same school Curtis Jerry Butler attended.
Mayfield called Lance a "sparkly fellow, a great basketball player, how we met. His hero was Jackie Wilson, he was always coming round and looking through my bag for songs that I'd written but didn't want to do with the Impressions, he was pretty good at picking them, too."Lance was a baseball player. Lance and Otis both did boxing, singing as members of the Five Gospel Harmonaires; the two of them worked together at a drug store. Lance and Otis Leavill formed a group named the Floats in the mid 1950s but broke up before recording any material. Lance became a featured dancer on a local television show, Time for Teens, presenter Jim Lounsbury gave him a one-off record deal with Mercury Records. Mercury released his single "I Got a Girl", written and produced by Curtis Mayfield, in 1959. Lance worked at various jobs over the next few years. In 1962 he signed with Okeh Records on Mayfield's recommendation. Lance was showing up at the Okeh offices, offering to run errands for Carl Davis, telling him about the record he'd once made and how he and Curtis Mayfield were friends from their childhood.
His first single, "Delilah", was not successful, but it established his partnership with the writing and arranging team of Mayfield, Carl Davis, Johnny Pate with members of Mayfield's group, the Impressions, on backing vocals. Together they developed a distinctive, Latin-tinged sound which epitomised Chicago soul in contrast to music recorded elsewhere; the second Okeh single, "The Monkey Time", was Major Lance's first hit, became a #2 Billboard R&B chart and #8 pop hit in 1963. "The Monkey Time" became Okeh's first hit single in 10 years. "That was my introduction with working with Carl Davis," Pate said. "We had a ball, making some great music."A succession of hits followed including "Hey Little Girl", "Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um", "The Matador", "Rhythm", "Sometimes I Wonder", "Come See", "Ain't It A Shame". In 1965 Pate left Okeh, Mayfield began to concentrate on working with his own group. Lance and Davis continued to work together. During the 1960s, Lance toured the UK, where he was supported by Bluesology, a band including pianist Reggie Dwight known as Elton John.
Over the next two years he worked with several producers, with only "Without a Doubt" becoming a minor hit in 1968. Soon afterwards Lance left Okeh and moved to Dakar Records, where he had the Top 40 R&B hit "Follow the Leader." He moved to Mayfield's Curtom label, which resulted in his last two Top 40 R&B hits, "Stay Away From Me" and "Must Be Love Coming Down." "Stay Away From Me" was listed #4 in Jet Magazine's "Soul Brothers Top 20". He left Curtom in 1971 and recorded for the Volt and Columbia labels. In 1972, he relocated to England so as to capitalize on the success of his older records among fans of Northern Soul music in dance clubs that played rare and obscure American soul and R&B records. According to one writer, "he Major's contribution was phenomenal and unforgettable... was to become legendary as a UK club act, known to deliver 110% at every performance." In 1972, while in England, he recorded an album, Major Lance's Greatest Hits Recorded Live at the Torch, at the Torch, a club in Stoke on Trent, described as "perhaps the best Northern Soul album made."
Lance returned to Atlanta in 1974 and recorded an updated disco version of "Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um" for Playboy Records. He set up a new label, with former Booker T and the MG's drummer Al Jackson, but again with little success, his career hit a downward spiral, he recorded for Motown Records, releasing the last-ever single on its Soul Records subsidiary, "I Never Thought I'd Be Losing You," in 1978. He found that his recordings had become popular on the beach music circuit in the Carolinas, where he continued to undertake live performances, he recorded a comeback album, The Major's Back, several tracks for the Kat Family label. His final performance was in June 1994 at the 11th Chicago Blues Festival. Major Lance was married to Christine Lance, he had 12 children. He was arrested twice in his life. In 1965, he was arrested in violation of the Paternity Act. A Chicago woman, Para Lee Thomas, claimed she had a son by Lance, Ronnie Maurice Lance, born January 13, 1964, she asserted that Lance had promise
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution. Chartered by Connecticut Colony, the "Collegiate School" was established by clergy to educate Congregational ministers, it moved to New Haven in 1716 and shortly after was renamed Yale College in recognition of a gift from British East India Company governor Elihu Yale. Restricted to theology and sacred languages, the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution. In the 19th century, the college expanded into graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first Ph. D. in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Its faculty and student populations grew after 1890 with rapid expansion of the physical campus and scientific research. Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools.
While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation, each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs. In addition to a central campus in downtown New Haven, the university owns athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven and forest and nature preserves throughout New England; the university's assets include an endowment valued at $29.4 billion as of October 2018, the second largest endowment of any educational institution in the world. The Yale University Library, serving all constituent schools, holds more than 15 million volumes and is the third-largest academic library in the United States. Yale College undergraduates follow a liberal arts curriculum with departmental majors and are organized into a social system of residential colleges. All members of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences—and some members of other faculties—teach undergraduate courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually. Students compete intercollegiately as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division I – Ivy League.
As of October 2018, 61 Nobel laureates, 5 Fields Medalists and 3 Turing award winners have been affiliated with Yale University. In addition, Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U. S. Presidents, 19 U. S. Supreme Court Justices, 31 living billionaires and many heads of state. Hundreds of members of Congress and many U. S. diplomats, 78 MacArthur Fellows, 247 Rhodes Scholars and 119 Marshall Scholars have been affiliated with the university. Its wealth and influence have led to Yale being reported as amoungst the most prestigious universities in the United States. Yale traces its beginnings to "An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School", passed by the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut on October 9, 1701, while meeting in New Haven; the Act was an effort to create an institution to train ministers and lay leadership for Connecticut. Soon thereafter, a group of ten Congregational ministers, Samuel Andrew, Thomas Buckingham, Israel Chauncy, Samuel Mather, Rev. James Noyes II, James Pierpont, Abraham Pierson, Noadiah Russell, Joseph Webb, Timothy Woodbridge, all alumni of Harvard, met in the study of Reverend Samuel Russell in Branford, Connecticut, to pool their books to form the school's library.
The group, led by James Pierpont, is now known as "The Founders". Known as the "Collegiate School", the institution opened in the home of its first rector, Abraham Pierson, today considered the first president of Yale. Pierson lived in Killingworth; the school moved to Saybrook and Wethersfield. In 1716, it moved to Connecticut. Meanwhile, there was a rift forming at Harvard between its sixth president, Increase Mather, the rest of the Harvard clergy, whom Mather viewed as liberal, ecclesiastically lax, overly broad in Church polity; the feud caused the Mathers to champion the success of the Collegiate School in the hope that it would maintain the Puritan religious orthodoxy in a way that Harvard had not. In 1718, at the behest of either Rector Samuel Andrew or the colony's Governor Gurdon Saltonstall, Cotton Mather contacted the successful Boston born businessman Elihu Yale to ask him for financial help in constructing a new building for the college. Through the persuasion of Jeremiah Dummer, Elihu "Eli" Yale, who had made a fortune through trade while living in Madras as a representative of the East India Company, donated nine bales of goods, which were sold for more than £560, a substantial sum at the time.
Cotton Mather suggested that the school change its name to "Yale College".. Meanwhile, a Harvard graduate working in England convinced some 180 prominent intellectuals that they should donate books to Yale; the 1714 shipment of 500 books represented the best of modern English literature, science and theology. It had a profound effect on intellectuals at Yale. Undergraduate Jonathan Edwards discovered John Locke's works and developed his original theology known as the "new divinity". In 1722 the Rector and six of his friends, who had a study group to discuss the new ideas, announced that they had given up Calvinism, become Arminians and joined the Church of England, they were returned to the colonies as missionaries for the Anglican faith. Thomas Clapp became president in 1745 and struggled to return the college to Calvinist orthodoxy, but he did not close the library. Other students found Deist books in the library. Yale was swept up by the great intellectual movements of the peri
George "Buddy" Guy is an American blues guitarist and singer. He is an exponent of Chicago blues and has influenced eminent guitarists including Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Page, Keith Richards, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jeff Beck, Gary Clark Jr. and John Mayer. In the 1960s, Guy played with Muddy Waters as a house guitarist at Chess Records and began a musical partnership with the harmonica player Junior Wells. Guy was ranked 23rd in Rolling Stone magazine's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time", his song "Stone Crazy" was ranked 78th in the Rolling Stone list of the "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time". Clapton once described him as "the best guitar player alive". In 1999, Guy wrote the book Damn Right, his autobiography, When I Left Home: My Story, was published in 2012. Guy was raised in Lettsworth, Louisiana, he began. He was given a Harmony acoustic guitar, decades in Guy's lengthy career, was donated to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In the early 1950s Guy began performing with bands in Baton Rouge.
While living there, he worked as a custodian at Louisiana State University. Soon after moving to Chicago on September 25, 1957, Guy fell under the influence of Muddy Waters. In 1958, a competition with West Side guitarists Magic Sam and Otis Rush gave Guy a record contract. Soon afterwards he recorded for Cobra Records, he recorded sessions with Junior Wells for Delmark Records under the pseudonym Friendly Chap in 1965 and 1966. Guy's early career was impeded by conservative business choices made by his record company, Chess Records, his label from 1959 to 1968, which refused to record Guy playing in the novel style of his live shows. Leonard Chess, Chess Records founder, denounced Guy's playing as "noise". In the early 1960s, Chess tried recording Guy as a solo artist with R&B ballads, jazz instrumentals and novelty dance tunes, but none of these recordings were released as a single. Guy's only Chess album, I Left My Blues in San Francisco, was released in 1967. Most of the songs belong stylistically to the era's soul boom, with orchestrations by Gene Barge and Charlie Stepney.
Chess used Guy as a session guitarist to back Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson, Koko Taylor and others. In 1965, Guy participated in the European tour American Folk Blues Festival, he appeared onstage at the March 1969 "Supershow" in Staines, which included Eric Clapton, Led Zeppelin, Jack Bruce, Stephen Stills, Buddy Miles, Glenn Campbell, Roland Kirk, Jon Hiseman, the Misunderstood. In 1972, he established The Checkerboard Lounge, with partner L. C. Thurman. Guy's career took off during the blues revival of early 1990s, it was sparked by Clapton's request that Guy be part of the "24 Nights" all-star blues guitar lineup at London's Royal Albert Hall. Guy subsequently signed with Silvertone Records. Guy performs a month of shows each January at Buddy Guy's Legends. In 2015, Alan Harper, a British blues fan, published the book Waiting for Buddy Guy: Chicago Blues at the Crossroads. While Guy's music is labelled Chicago blues, his style is unique and separate, his music can vary from the most traditional, deepest blues to a creative and radical gumbo of the blues, avant rock and free jazz that changes with each performance.
As the New York Times music critic Jon Pareles noted in 2004, Mr. Guy, 68, mingles anarchy, deep blues and hammy shtick in ways that keep all eyes on him.... Loves extremes: sudden drops from loud to soft, or a sweet, sustained guitar solo followed by a jolt of speed, or a high, imploring vocal cut off with a rasp.... Whether he's singing with gentle menace or bending new curves into a blue note, he is a master of tension and release, his every wayward impulse was riveting. In an interview taped on April 14, 2000, for the Cleveland college station WRUW-FM, Guy said, The purpose of me trying to play the kind of rocky stuff is to get airplay... I find myself kind of searching, hoping I'll hit the right notes, say the right things, maybe they'll put me on one of these big stations, what they call'classic'...if you get Eric Clapton to play a Muddy Waters song, they call it classic, they will put it on that station, but you'll never hear Muddy Waters. When inducting Guy into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Eric Clapton said, "No matter how great the song, or performance, my ear would always find him out.
He stood out in the mix by virtue of the originality and vitality of his playing." Beck recalled the night he and Vaughan performed with Guy at Buddy Guy's Legends club in Chicago: "That was just the most incredible stuff I heard in my life. The three of us all jammed and it was so thrilling; that is as close you can come to the heart of the blues." Former Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman said, Guitar Legends do not come any better than Buddy Guy. He is feted by his peers and loved by his fans for his ability to make the guitar both talk and cry the blues; such is Buddy's mastery of the guitar that there is no guitarist that he cannot imitate. Guy was a judge for the 8th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists. Guy has influenced the styles of subsequent artists such as Reggie Sears and Jesse Marchant of JBM. On February 21, 2012, Guy performed in concert at the White House for President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. During the finale of the concert, he persuaded the President to sing a few bars of "Sweet Home Chicago".
On September 20, 1996, Guy was inducted into Guitar Center's Hollywood Rockwalk. Guy has won seven Grammy Awards, for his work on electric and acoustic guitars and for contemporary and traditional forms of b
Arthur Alexander was an American country songwriter and soul singer. Jason Ankeny, music critic for Allmusic, said Alexander was a "country-soul pioneer" and that, though unknown, "his music is the stuff of genius, a poignant and intimate body of work on par with the best of his contemporaries." Alexander's songs were covered by such stars as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Bob Dylan and the Pacemakers, Otis Redding, Tina Turner and Jerry Lee Lewis. Alexander was born in Alabama. Working with Spar Music in Florence, Alexander recorded his first single, "Sally Sue Brown", under the name of June Alexander, released in 1960 on Jud Phillips' Judd Records.. A year Alexander cut "You Better Move On" at a former tobacco warehouse-turned-recording studio in Muscle Shoals. Released on Nashville's Dot Records, the song became a soul/R&B chart hit, laid the foundation for the modern recording studio FAME. "You Better Move On" is Alexander's best-known song, covered by the Rolling Stones, the Hollies, George Jones & Johnny Paycheck, Gene Clark and Mink DeVille.
"Anna", a U. S. R&B Top Ten Hit, was covered by Roger McGuinn and Humble Pie; the Beatles did live recordings of "Soldier of Love", performed by Marshall Crenshaw and Pearl Jam, "A Shot of Rhythm and Blues", "Where Have You Been" recorded live at the Star-Club in Hamburg, 1962. "Set Me Free" were major hits and established Alexander as a pioneering arranger of others' tunes, as well as an established songwriter in his own right. In 1962. Steve Alaimo was the first to record Alexander's "Every Day I Have to Cry", which reached No.46 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. Dusty Springfield recorded the song for her first U. K. solo E. P. "I Only Want to Be With You", released on 6 March 1964. In the mid-1960s, Alexander switched to another label, Sound Stage 7, but failed to find commercial success. Although a 1972 album for Warner Brothers was promising, the singer's potential seemed to wither, he secured a pop hit with "Every Day I Have to Cry Some" on Buddah Records in 1975, but the success remained short-lived.
The song was covered by Ike and Tina Turner, the McCoys, Dusty Springfield, Joe Stampley, C. J. Chenier, Jerry Lee Lewis, The Gentrys and others; the follow-up single "Sharing The Night Together" reached No. 92 on the R&B charts, but earned Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show a Top 10 hit in 1978. For many years, Alexander was out of the music business. In 1990, he was inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame, he began to perform again in 1993. His last album Lonely Just Like Me was his first in 21 years, he signed a new recording/publishing contract in May 1993 but suffered a fatal heart attack the following month, three days after performing in Nashville with his new band. Alexander is the only songwriter whose songs have been covered on studio albums by the Beatles, the Rolling Stones and Bob Dylan. "Go Home Girl" was recorded by Ry Cooder on his 1979 album Bop Till You Drop. "Sally Sue Brown/"The Girl That Radiates That Charm" Judd "You Better Move On"/"A Shot of Rhythm and Blues" Dot London "Soldier of Love"/"Where Have You Been" Dot London "Anna"/"I Hang My Head And Cry" Dot London "Go Home Girl"/"You're the Reason" Dot London "Dream Girl"/"I Wonder Where You Are Tonight" Tina Knittel "Baby, Baby"/"Pretty Girls Everywhere" Dot "Where Did Sally Go"/"Keep Her Guessing" Dot "Black Night"/"Old John Amos" Dot London "Detroit City"/"You Don't Care" Dot "Baby For You"/"The Other Woman" Sound Stage London "Show Me The Road"/"Turn Around" Sound Stage "Love's Where Life Begins"/"Set Me Free" Sound Stage "I Need You Baby"/"Spanish Harlem" Monument "Bye Bye Love"/"Another Place, Another Time" Sound Stage "Cry Like a Baby"/"Glory Road" Sound Stage "I'm Coming Home"/"It Hurts To Want It So Bad" Warner Brothers "Burning Love"/"It Hurts To Want It So Bad" Warner Brothers "Mr John"/"You've Got Me Knockin'" Garry Fink "Lover Please"/"They'll Do It Every Time" Warner Brothers "Every Day I Have to Cry Some"/"Everybody Needs Someone To Love" Buddah Buddah "Sharing The Night Together"/"She'll Throw Stones At You" Buddah Buddah "Hound Dog Man's Gone Home"/"So Long Baby" Music Mill "Alexander The Great" London "Arthur Alexander" London You Better Move On Label: Dot & London Arthur Alexander Label: Warner Brothers Lonely Just Like Me Label: Nonesuch/Elektra Story Of Rock'N' Roll Label: Ariola Arthur Alexander Label: Ace You Better Move On Label: MCA You Better Move On Label: Hoodoo Records Rainbow Road: The Warner Bros.
Recordings Label: Warner Archives Lonely Just Like Me: The Final Chapter Label: Hacktone Arthur A
Big Star was an American rock band formed in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1971 by Alex Chilton, Chris Bell, Jody Stephens, Andy Hummel. The group broke up in early 1975, reorganized with a new lineup 18 years following a reunion concert at the University of Missouri. In its first era, the band's musical style drew on the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Byrds. Big Star produced a style that foreshadowed the alternative rock of the 1990s. Before it broke up, Big Star created a "seminal body of work that never stopped inspiring succeeding generations," in the words of Rolling Stone, as the "quintessential American power pop band," and "one of the most mythic and influential cult acts in all of rock & roll". Big Star's first album—1972's #1 Record—was met by enthusiastic reviews, but ineffective marketing by Stax Records, limited distribution stunted its commercial success. Frustration took its toll on band relations: Bell left not long after the first record's commercial progress stalled, Hummel left to finish his college education after a second album, Radio City, was completed in December 1973.
Like #1 Record, Radio City received excellent reviews, but label issues again thwarted sales—Columbia Records, which had assumed control of the Stax catalog effectively vetoed its distribution. After a third album, recorded in the fall of 1974, was deemed commercially unviable and shelved before receiving a title, the band broke up late in 1974. Four years the first two Big Star LPs were released together in the UK as a double album; the band's third album was issued soon afterward. Shortly thereafter, Chris Bell was killed in a car accident at the age of 27. During the group's hiatus in the 1980s, the Big Star discography drew renewed attention when R. E. M. and the Replacements, as well as other popular bands, cited the group as an influence. In 1992, interest was further stimulated by Rykodisc's reissues of the band's albums, complemented by a collection of Bell's solo work. In 1993, Chilton and Stephens reformed Big Star with recruits Jon Auer and Ken Stringfellow of the Posies, gave a concert at the University of Missouri.
The band remained active, performing tours in Europe and Japan, released a new studio album, In Space, in 2005. Chilton died in March 2010 after suffering from heart problems. Hummel died of cancer four months later; these deaths left Stephens as the sole surviving founding member. Big Star was inducted into the Memphis Music Hall of Fame in 2014. Since December 2010, several surviving members have appeared in a series of live tribute performances of the album Third/Sister Lovers, under the billing "Big Star's Third"; as of 2017, that project has remained active. From 1967 to 1970, Chilton was the lead singer for the blue-eyed soul group the Box Tops, who scored a No. 1 hit with the song "The Letter" when he was 16. After leaving the group, he recorded a solo studio album, he was offered the role of lead vocalist for Blood, Sweat & Tears, but turned down the offer as "too commercial". Chilton had known Chris Bell for some time: Both lived in Memphis, each had spent time recording music at Ardent Studios, each, when aged 13, had been impressed by the music of the Beatles during the band's 1964 debut U.
S. tour. A song Chilton wrote nearly six years after he first witnessed a Beatles performance, "Thirteen", referred to the event with the line "rock'n' roll is here to stay". Chilton asked Bell to work with him as a duo modeled on Garfunkel. Attracted by Icewater's music, Chilton showed the three his new song "Watch the Sunrise", was asked to join the band. Both "Watch the Sunrise" and "Thirteen" were subsequently included on Big Star's first album, #1 Record; the now four-piece band adopted the name Big Star when one member was given the idea from a grocery store visited for snacks during recording sessions. One of many Big Star Markets outlets in the Memphis region at the time, it had a logo consisting of a five-pointed star enclosing the words "Big Star". Although all four members contributed to songwriting and vocals on the first album and Bell dominated as a duo intentionally modeled on John Lennon and Paul McCartney; the album was recorded by Ardent founder John Fry, with Terry Manning contributing occasional backing vocals and keyboards.
The title #1 Record was decided towards the end of the recording sessions and evinced, albeit as a playful hope rather than a serious expectation, the chart position to be achieved by a big star. Although Fry—at the band's insistence—was credited as "executive producer", publicly he insisted that "the band themselves produced these records". Fry recalled how Ardent, one of the first recording studios to use a sixteen-track tape machine, worked experimentally with the band members: "We started recording the songs with the intent that if it turned out OK we'd put it out I wound up being the one that worked on it: I recorded all the tracks and they would come late at night and do overdubs. One by one, they all learned enough engineering." Describing the mix of musical styles present on #1 Record, Rolling Stone's Bud Scoppa notes that the album includes "reflective and acoustic" numbers, saying that "even the prettiest tunes have tension and subtle energy to them, the rockers reverberate with power".
Scoppa finds that in each mode, "the guitar sound is sharp-edged and full". #1 Record was released in June 1972, received strong reviews. Billboard went