L'Équipe is a French nationwide daily newspaper devoted to sport, owned by Éditions Philippe Amaury. The paper is noted for coverage of association football, rugby and cycling, its predecessor was L'Auto, a general sports paper whose name reflected not any narrow interest but the excitement of the time in car racing. L'Auto originated the Tour de France cycling stage race in 1903 as a circulation booster; the race leader's yellow jersey was instituted in 1919 to reflect the distinctive yellow newsprint on which L'Auto was published. The competition that would become the UEFA Champions League was the brainchild of a l'Équipe journalist, Gabriel Hanot. L'Auto and therefore L'Équipe owed its life to a 19th-century French scandal involving soldier Alfred Dreyfus - the Dreyfus affair. With overtones of antisemitism and post-war paranoia, Dreyfus was accused of selling secrets to France's old enemy, the Germans; as different sides of society insisted he was guilty or innocent – he was cleared but only after rigged trials had banished him to an island prison camp – the split came close to civil war and still have their echoes in modern French society.
France's largest sports paper, Le Vélo, mixed sports coverage with political comment. Its editor, Pierre Giffard, believed Dreyfus innocent and said so, leading to acrid disagreement with his main advertisers. Among them were the automobile-maker the Comte de Dion and the industrialists Adolphe Clément and Édouard Michelin. Frustrated at Giffard's politics, they planned a rival paper; the editor was a prominent racing cyclist, Henri Desgrange, who had published a book of cycling tactics and training and was working as a publicity writer for Clément. Desgrange was a strong character but lacked confidence, so much doubting the Tour de France founded in his name that he stayed away from the pioneering race in 1903 until it looked like being a success. Three years after the foundation of L'Auto-Vélo in 1900, a court in Paris decided that the title was too close to its main competitor, Giffard's Le Vélo, thus reference to'Vélo' was dropped and the new paper became L'Auto. It was printed on yellow paper.
Circulation was sluggish and only a crisis meeting called "to nail Giffard's beak shut", as Desgrange phrased it, came to its rescue. On the first floor of the paper's offices in the rue du Faubourg-Montmartre in Paris, a 26-year-old cycling and rugby writer called Géo Lefèvre suggested a race round France, bigger than any other paper could rival and akin to six-day races on the track; the Tour de France proved a success for the newspaper. The record circulation claimed by Desgrange was 854,000, achieved during the 1933 Tour. Desgrange died in ownership passed to a consortium of Germans; the paper began printing comments favourable to the occupying Nazis and so its doors were nailed shut with the return of peace, like all other papers that had printed under the Germans. In 1940 Jacques Goddet succeeded Desgrange as editor and nominal organiser of the Tour de France. Jacques Goddet was the son of Victor Goddet. Goddet defended his paper's role in a court case brought by the French government but was never wholly cleared in the public mind of being close to the Germans or to the Head of the French State, Philippe Pétain.
Goddet could point, however, to clandestine printing of Resistance newspapers and pamphlets in the L'Auto print room and so was allowed to publish a successor paper called L'Équipe. It occupied premises across the road from where L'Auto had been, in a building, in owned by L'Auto, although the original paper's assets had been sequestrated by the state. One condition of publication imposed by the state was that L'Équipe was to use white paper rather than yellow, too attached to L'Auto; the new paper published three times a week from 28 February 1946. Since 1948 it has been published daily; the paper benefited from the demise of its competitors, L'Élan, Le Sport. Its coverage of car racing hints at the paper's ancestry by printing the words L'Auto at the head of the page in the gothic print used in the main title of the prewar paper. L'Équipe is published in broadsheet format. In 1968 L'Équipe was bought by founder of the Amaury publishing empire. Among L'Équipe's most respected writers have been Antoine Blondin and Gabriel Hanot.
The death of Émilien Amaury in 1977 led to a six-year legal battle over inheritance between his son and daughter. This was settled amicably with Philippe Amaury owning the dailies while his sister owned magazines such as Marie-France and Point de Vue. Philippe founded Éditions Philippe Amaury, which included L'Équipe, Le Parisien and Aujourd'hui. At Philippe's death in 2006, the group passed to his widow, Marie-Odile, their children. In 1980 L'Équipe began publishing a magazine with its Saturday edition. On 31 August 1998, L'Équipe TV was formed. In 2005 a Sports et Style supplement was added to the Saturday edition. In 2006 L'Équipe Féminine was first published. In 2006 L'Équipe bought Le Journal du Golf. In early 2007 L'Équipe supplemented its main website with L'équipe junior, dedicated to youth; the biggest-selling issue was 13 July 1998, the day after the France national football team won the World Cup. It sold 1,645,907 copies; the second best was on 3 July 2000 after France won the Eur
Moustapha Salifou is a Togolese footballer who plays as a midfielder. He plays in Germany for Türkspor Augsburg in the Landesliga Bayern-Südwest, he has represented the Togo national football team at the 2006 FIFA World Cup. He spent four years at English Premier League club Aston Villa, the rest of his professional career has been spent at lower levels of the German and Swiss league systems. Born in Lomé, Salifou started his career in his native Togo with AC Merlan; the midfielder had fleeting stints with Swiss side FC Wil, French team Stade Brest 29 and German team Rot-Weiß Oberhausen, prior to moving to England. On 31 August 2007, Salifou signed a one-year deal with Aston Villa, joining for a nominal fee after a successful trial. Martin O'Neill commented that "He has great determination to succeed at this level and may well prove to be an excellent asset". Salifou encountered problems acquiring a work permit though, was forced to train with his old club in Switzerland, it was reported on 25 September 2007 that the work permit had been granted and that Salifou was to join up with the squad within a week, however, he did not join up with his new club until 18 October 2007.
Salifou made his debut for Aston Villa Reserves on 22 October 2007 creating two of the goals in a 6–0 win over Chelsea reserves. Salifou made his debut for the first team on 12 January 2008 as a 90th-minute substitute in a 3–1 win against Reading. Despite not having played a game, his name was chanted loudly to the tune of Daddy Cool by the Holte End, he was rewarded with a one-year extension to his contract. Salifou made his second appearance for the club on 15 March 2008, coming on as a late substitute in the 2–0 away defeat at Portsmouth, as well as appearing in the 4–0 defeat to Manchester United. On 6 November 2008, Martin O'Neill decided to change his starting eleven for Villa's UEFA Cup match against Slavia Prague. Salifou played the full ninety minutes. During this time, Salifou was being linked with a move away from Aston Villa, to clubs such as Juventus and Calcio Catania. Despite featuring for the club at all during the 2009–10 season, Salifou was named in caretaker manager Kevin MacDonald's 22-man Premier League squad for 2010–11.
He failed to make an impact during this season too, underwent a trial at AS Monaco in January 2011. With the arrival of Jean Makoun to Villa in January 2011, Salifou found himself without a squad number for a period after the number 17 shirt was given to Makoun. However, he was given the number 37. Throughout this time Salifou was praised for his time with the reserves passing on his experience to the Villa youngsters. Although his appearances at Aston Villa were limited he soon became a cult hero due to his close relationship with Aston Villa fan Jimmy Ennis and his surname being sung to the tune of Boney M hit Daddy Cool. On 27 May 2011, Aston Villa announced that Salifou was one of a number of players, released by the club after their contracts expired. Salifou remained a free agent until November 2011, when he signed a two-year deal with 1. FC Saarbrücken, he took the number 16 shirt on arrival at the German club. He made his début for the team as an 80th-minute substitute for Marcel Ziemer in a 3–1 win over Kickers Offenbach on 26 November 2011.
He scored his first goal for Saarbrücken in a 5–2 win over former club Rot-Weiß Oberhausen on 10 December. He was released by Saarbrücken at the end of the season. Despite not being registered to a club, Salifou continued to represent Togo internationally and had been linked with a transfer to former club FC Wil. On 1 March 2014, Salifou signed for German club Rosenheim of the Regionalliga Bayern, the fourth tier of German football. After making his début against SV Heimstetten, Salifou went on to make 11 appearances for the club in 2013-14 including three assists and one goal against TSV 1860 München II. Salifou joined Türkspor Augsburg in 2015. In early 2016 he was banned for eight matches for shouting at a referee during a match, he is a member of the Togo national team, was called up to the 2006 FIFA World Cup. He played in all three of Togo's group games in that World Cup against South Korea and France; the midfielder earned glowing reports after a positive performance at the 2006 World Cup, which alerted the attention of many French league clubs, prompted the nickname the'Togolese Zidane' or'the great of the figure of eight' from his compatriot Emmanuel Adebayor, due to Salifou's playmaking nature.
On 8 January 2010, the bus containing the Togo squad for the Africa Cup of Nations was subjected to an attack from gunmen. Moustapha Salifou at Soccerbase
Jacques-Alaixys Romao known as Alaixys Romao, is a French-born Togolese football midfielder, who plays for Stade Reims in the Ligue 1. He is a regular member of the Togolese national team. Romao started his professional career with Toulouse FC but only managed appearances for the B team in 2004–05 and was transferred for free to Louhans-Cuiseaux in the Championnat National, the French third tier. In the 2007–08 season, he was traded for free to Grenoble and his career took off. A solid and rugged defensive midfielder, Romao proved a valuable asset for Grenoble, his first season with the club saw him appear 30 times in Ligue 2 with 2 goals and 10 yellow cards topped with a promotion to Ligue 1. In 2008–09, he made 37 appearances, 32 of them as a starter in Ligue 1 and managed to avoid the drop; the next season, Romao made 29 appearances for 2 assists. However, Grenoble was relegated. Romao was signed by FC Lorient in July 2010 for a reported fee of 8,000.00 GBP. In the 2010–11 season, his first with FC Lorient, Romao made 33 appearances in Ligue 1 with a goal and 2 assists, 2 appearances in the Ligue Cup and 2 appearances in the French Cup competition with 1 goal.
Romao made another 32 appearances as a starter in the 2011–12 season with a goal and an assist but 11 yellow cards and 2 red cards. On 31 January 2013, Romao was signed by Marseille. According to L'Équipe, the transfer fee paid to Lorient was €2 million and the duration of Romao's contract was 3.5 years. At the end of his contract in summer 2016, he was released by the club having made 127 appearances in all competitions scoring 4 goals. On 31 August 2016, Romao joined Greek club Olympiacos signing a two-year with the option of another year. At the end of the season helped the club to win the 7th consecutive Super League title. On 16 August 2017, he scored his first international goal with the club, as Olympiacos come from behind, in first half, to win 2–1 against HNK Rijeka in added time for the 1st leg of UEFA Champions League play-offs. On 16 September 2017, he signed a new contract with the club, which would keep him at the club till the summer of 2020. On 24 July 2018, Romao joined French club Stade Reims signing a two-year with the option of another year.
The French-born player has featured for the French under-18 national team, but is now a member of the Togolese national team, for which he was called up to the 2006 World Cup. In March 2019, Romao was called up for the first time since October 2017, being selected for the decisive 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualification match against Benin. Scoresway.com Profile Alaixys Romao – FIFA competition record Alaixys Romao at National-Football-Teams.com
FC Girondins de Bordeaux
Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux is a French professional football club based in the city of Bordeaux. The club play in Ligue 1, the first division of French football; the team is coached by Paulo Sousa and captained by Benoît Costil. Bordeaux was founded in 1 October 1881 as a multi-sports club and is one of the most successful football clubs in France; the club has won six Ligue 1 titles, the joint fourth-most in its history. Bordeaux have won four Coupe de France titles, three Coupe de la Ligue titles, three Trophée des champions titles as well. Bordeaux reached the Uefa Cup final in 1996; the club has the honour of having appeared in the most finals in the Coupe de la Ligue, having featured in six of those contested. From a year to its inception, the club's stadium was the Stade Chaban-Delmas, though since 2015, Bordeaux's home ground has been the Matmut Atlantique; the club took its name Girondins from a group of French Revolutionaries from the region, was founded on 1 October 1881 as a gymnastics and shooting club.
The club, chaired by André Chavois added sports such as rowing and swimming, among others. It was not until 1910 when football was introduced to the club following strong urging from several members within the club, most notably club president Raymond Brard, though it was only available on a trial basis; the experiment with football lasted only a year before returning a decade in 1919. The club contested its first official match in 1920 defeating Section Burdigalienne 12–0. Bordeaux achieved professional status in football on 2 July 1936 due to the club's merger with fellow Bordelais outfit Girondins Guyenne Sport, which resulted in the club that exists today. Bordeaux's rise to professionalism came about alongside the French Football Federation's plea to increase professionalism in French football, which prior to 1932, had been non-existent; the club was inserted into the second division of French football and made its debut appearance during the 1937–38 season. The club's first manager was Spaniard Benito Díaz.
Diaz brought fellow Spanish players Santiago Urtizberea and Jaime Mancisidor to the team with the latter serving as captain. The club's most prominent Frenchmen on the team were homegrown attacker Henri Arnaudeau and goalkeeper André Gérard. Bordeaux played its first official match on 23 May 1937 defeating Rhône-Alpes-based FC Scionzier 2–1 at the Stade de Colombes; the club's first league match was contested on 22 August losing away to Toulouse 3–2. Bordeaux recorded. For the club, the team finished 6th in the Southern region of the division. Bordeaux's disappointing finish inserted the club into the relegation playoff portion of the league where the team finished a respectable 3rd. A year Bordeaux moved into a new home, the Stade Chaban-Delmas, known as Parc Lescure; the facility was built for the 1938 FIFA World Cup and, following the competition's completion, was designated to Bordeaux. The club had played its home matches at the Stade Galin, which today is used as a training ground. On 15 October 1940, Bordeaux merged with local club AS Port and took on one of the club's most prestigious traditions, the scapular.
Bordeaux ASP, which the club was now known, adorned the scapular during its run to the 1941 edition of the Coupe de France final. The match, played in occupied France at the Stade Municipal in Saint-Ouen, saw Bordeaux defeat SC Fives 2–0 with Urtizberea netting both goals; the Coupe de France triumph was the club's first major honour. Following the liberation of France, Bordeaux returned to league play and earned promotion to the first division following its 2nd-place finish during the 1948–49 season. After the season, André Gérard, now manager of the club, signed Dutchman Bertus de Harder. Led by the three-headed monster of De Harder, Édouard Kargu, Camille Libar, Bordeaux captured its first-ever league championship, in just the club's first season in the first division, winning by six points over second place Lille; the league success led to Bordeaux being selected to participate in the second edition of the Latin Cup. In the competition, Bordeaux reached the final drawing 3–3 with Portuguese outfit Benfica.
The draw forced a second match with Benfica claiming victory following an extra time goal after over two hours and 25 minutes of play. Bordeaux maintained its title-winning aspirations finishing runners-up to Nice two seasons after winning its first title; the club performed well in cup competitions reaching the Coupe de France final in 1952 and 1955. In 1952, Bordeaux suffered defeat to the team it finished runner-up to the same year, following a thrilling match in which eight goals were scored with five of them coming in the first 40 minutes. Bordeaux drew the match at 3–3 following a 55th-minute goal from Henri Baillot, but Nice countered minutes with two goals in a span of four minutes to go up 5–3, the final result. In 1955, Bordeaux were trounced 5 -- 2 by Lille; the resulting struggles in the cup competitions led to struggles domestically with the club suffering relegation in the 1955–56 season. The club returned to the first division for the 1959–60 season, but failed to make an impact falling back to Ligue 2 after finishing last in the standings with 21 points.
Bordeaux returned to its former selves in the 1960s under new manager and former player Salvador Artigas. Under the helm of Artigas, Bordeaux returned to the first division and finished in a respectable fourth place for the 1962–63 season; the following season, Bordeaux returned to the Coupe
Floyd Ama Nino Ayité is a professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Premier League club Fulham and the Togo national team. He plays a winger, he is Jonathan Ayité's younger brother. Ayité was born in Bordeaux, started his career as a footballer for home town Bordeaux. Making his debut for the club in 2008. Loan spells at Angers and Nancy followed. In 2011, Ayité signed for Reims, his form for Reims saw him join Bastia in 2014 where he scored 5 goals in 28 league games in his first season at the club. On 1 July 2016, Ayité signed for English Championship club Fulham for an undisclosed fee, signing a three- year contract, with a club option of a further twelve months, he scored his first goals for Fulham when he scored twice in a 4–4 draw with Wolverhampton Wanderers on 10 December 2016. Despite being born in France, Ayité decide to follow in the footsteps of his older brother Jonathan Ayité and represent Togo, making his debut in 2008. On 14 November 2009, he scored his first goal against Gabon.
As of match played 17 March 2019 Scores and results list Togo's goal tally first. Fulham EFL Championship play-offs: 2018 francefootball.fr Floyd Ayité – French league stats at LFP
Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
2013 Africa Cup of Nations
The 2013 Africa Cup of Nations known as the Orange Africa Cup of Nations South Africa 2013 for sponsorship reasons, held from 19 January to 10 February 2013, was the 29th Africa Cup of Nations, the football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football. Starting from this edition, the tournament was switched to being held in odd-numbered years instead of even-numbered years so that it does not clash with the FIFA World Cup. South Africa hosted the tournament for the second time, after hosting the 1996 African Cup of Nations; the 2013 tournament is the highest attended edition of the Africa Cup of Nations under the current, 16-team format. The South African team was eliminated in the quarter-finals following a penalty shoot-out. Zambia were eliminated in the group stage. Nigeria won its third Africa Cup of Nations championship with a 1–0 victory over Burkina Faso in the final. Nigeria participated in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup in Brazil as the representative from CAF.
Bids: Angola Gabon / Equatorial Guinea Libya NigeriaRejected Bids: Benin / Central African Republic Botswana Mozambique Namibia Senegal ZimbabweOn 4 September 2006, the Confederation of African Football approved a compromise between rival countries to host the Africa Cup of Nations after it ruled out Nigeria. CAF agreed to award the next three editions from 2010 to Angola, Equatorial Guinea and Libya respectively, they assigned Angola in 2010, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, which submitted a joint bid in 2012, Libya for 2014. This edition was awarded to Libya for the second time after 1982 African Cup of Nations. Two-time former host Nigeria is the reserve host for the 2010, 2012 and 2014 tournaments, in the event that any of the host countries fails to meet the requirements established by CAF; the 2014 tournament was pushed forward to 2013 and subsequently held in odd-numbered years to avoid year-clash with the FIFA World Cup. Due to the Libyan Civil War, Libya traded years with South Africa, so that South Africa hosted in 2013 and Libya will be hosting in 2017.
This was ratified in September 2011 at CAF's Executive Committee in Egypt. A total of 47 countries entered the qualification, including South Africa, which automatically qualified. Libya was not allowed to keep its automatic qualification after being stripped of its hosting rights due to the Libyan Civil War. Many teams made their return to the finals in this tournament; the hosts, South Africa returned after a 4-year absence. Ethiopia appeared for the first time since 1982. Other teams absent from the 2012 finals that featured in 2013 were Nigeria, Togo, DR Congo, Algeria. Cape Verde made its finals debut. Teams that didn't qualify for this tournament from the 2012 African Cup of Nations were both co-hosts and Equatorial Guinea, Senegal, Sudan and Botswana. South Sudan was ineligible to participate as the qualifying competition had started by the time its membership of CAF was confirmed; the South African Football Association opened bidding to all 2010 FIFA World Cup host cities however a maximum of seven venues would be used.
The final list of stadiums was to be announced by 30 March, but was pushed back to 4 April, 20 April, 3 May 2012. The venues were announced on 4 May 2012. FNB Stadium hosted the final; the other venues selected for matches were Mbombela Stadium, Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium, Royal Bafokeng Stadium and Moses Mabhida Stadium. The average daytime temperature of the host cities ranges from 25.0 °C to 30.3 °C. The official match ball for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations was manufactured by Adidas and named the Katlego, which means "success" in Sotho language; the name was chosen by African football fans via an online voting competition where it beat alternate names and Motswako. The official mascot of the tournament was Takuma, a hippo wearing sports kit in South Africa's official yellow and green; the mascot was designed by Tumelo Nkoana, a 13-year-old South African student from Hammanskraal in Gauteng. The draw for the final tournament took place on 24 October 2012 in Durban. Positions A1 and C1 were assigned to the hosts and holders respectively.
The other 14 qualified teams were ranked based on their performances during the last three Africa Cup of Nations, i.e. the 2008, 2010 and 2012 editions. Moreover, a weighted coefficient on points was given to each of the last three editions of the Africa Cup of Nations as follows: 2012 edition: points to be multiplied by 3 2010 edition: points to be multiplied by 2 2008 edition: points to be multiplied by 1The teams were divided into four pots based on the ranking; each group contained one team from each pot. The following referees were chosen for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. Referees Assistant referees; the schedule of the final tournament was released on 8 September 2012. Tie-breaking criteriaIf two or more teams end the group stage with the same number of points, their ranking is determined by the following criteria: points earned in the matches between the teams concerned. All times South African Standard Time In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time shall be played and followed, if necessary, by kicks from the penalty mark to determ