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Jonathan Baker (bishop)

Jonathan Mark Richard Baker is a bishop of the Church of England. He is the suffragan Bishop of Fulham and was the Bishop of Ebbsfleet. Baker was born on 6 October 1966, is the son of Sir John William Baker, he was educated at Northwood, an all-boys public school in Hertfordshire. He studied at St John's College, Oxford, he trained for ordination at Oxford. Baker was ordained in the Church of England as a deacon in 1993 and as a priest in 1994, he was an assistant curate at All Saints' Ascot Heath from 1993 to 1996. He was priest in charge of St Mark's Reading and Vicar of Holy Trinity, Reading. In 2003, he became Principal of Pusey House. Following his appointment as the suffragan Bishop of Ebbsfleet, the provincial episcopal visitor for the western half of the Province of Canterbury, Baker was consecrated as a bishop at Southwark Cathedral on 16 June 2011, his appointment as an assistant bishop in the Diocese of Bath and Wells was announced in September 2011. He was translated to the See of Fulham on 13 February 2013, began his episcopal ministry on 15 April and was installed at St Paul's Cathedral on 23 April.

From 2010 to 2014, Baker was the chairman of Forward in Faith, an Anglican membership organisation which supports and finances the work of The Society under the patronage of S. Wilfrid and S. Hilda. In 2014, he announced that he would not stand for re-election as chairman of Forward in Faith UK, he is a member of the Council of Bishops of The Society. Baker was a Freemason. While a student at Oxford University, he joined the Apollo University Lodge, a masonic lodge associated with the university, served as its Worshipful Master, he held the senior position of Deputy Grand Chaplain in the United Grand Lodge of England. After twenty years membership, he left the organisation upon being appointed a bishop, stating that the criticism from some members of General Synod threatened to overshadow the inauguration of his episcopal ministry. In a letter dated 22 October 2014, Baker wrote to his clergy informing them that he had been given permission by Richard Chartres, Bishop of London, Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, to remarry following divorce.

Until 2010, Church of England clergy, divorced and remarried could not become bishops. The American religion commentator George Conger wrote, "They are at a loss to understand how the bishop dedicated to providing pastoral support for traditionalists can himself adopt a stance at odds with the position of most traditionalists – and at odds with the public position taken by Forward in Faith on divorce and remarriage." Mr Jonathan Baker The Reverend Jonathan Baker The Right Reverend Jonathan Baker

Canal des Pangalanes

The Canal des Pangalanes is a canal that consists of a series of natural rivers and man-made lakes that extends for over 645 kilometres and runs down the east coast of Madagascar from Mahavelona to Farafangana. It is used for transportation and fishing, it has unspoiled natural beaches that are visited by tourists. An initial area of the canal in Toamasina is straight, while subsequent areas have curves, connected lakes and swamps. Construction efforts began during the era of the Merina monarchy, with major expansion during the French colonial period between 1896 and 1904, additional expansion during 1949–1957. Construction has included the manual cutting and removal of outcrops to connect unconnected areas. Initial expansion and maintenance of Canal des Pangalanes during the time of the Merina monarchy, involved cutting through outcrops to connect areas. Significant expansions of the canal were undertaken by France with the support of Joseph Gallieni during the French colonial period between 1896 and 1904 to increase trade, provide a means to supply troops that were located inland, to provide a safe route for cargo boats destined for Toamasina compared to traveling along the coast of the Indian Ocean.

By 1901, an uninterrupted canal existed between Toamasina and Andevoranto, which extended 95 kilometres. Additional construction from 1949 to 1957, cost over 800 million CFA francs to complete. Part of this project included the 570 million CFA franc construction of a river port at Toamasina and improvements to the canal for 30 kilometres from Toamasina to south of Ivondro, completed in 1953. Further work after World War II enabled 30-ton barges to travel between Tamatave and Vatomandry, a distance of 160 kilometres. A study in the 1950s regarding extending the canal for an additional 30 kilometres from Ivondro to Manakara found that the cost would have been at least 1,400 million CFA francs; this proposal was shelved, due to concerns about the high construction costs when the trade between the two areas was low relative to these costs. Population growth not attaining expected numbers in the areas during this time was a factor in the rejection of this extension. Additional objections to this expansion came from businesspeople in Toamasina and Manakara, who voiced concerns about the potential to lose trade at the port of Toamasina.

Large navigation companies opposed this extension, to protect the high fees they imposed for cargo loading and unloading at auxiliary ports on the east coast. Canal des Pangalanes is used by local people: Some of them use canoes for travel and make their homes along its banks. Ferries run up and down navigable areas transporting items such as wood, dried fish and other produce. Many local people rely upon the canal for and, for some of them, it is their only means of travel; the canal provides fish for the locals, cassava is grown along its banks. Coffee factories exist along the canal; some areas have sandy beaches. A floating museum comprising a library was established in 1999 with the University of Toamasina and the University of Fianarantsoa with the collaboration of the University of Madagascar's Museum of Art and Archaeology operated by the University of Antananarivo. After use of the canal decreased, a large project in the 1980s renovated it; the rehabilitation project included dredging areas overrun with silt, the operation of a cargo service enabled by the purchase of a fleet of tug barges, the construction of warehouses.

By 2011 the tug barges were observed to be no longer in use and the warehouses were empty. The tug barges are stored near the pier in Toamasina. An oil refinery south of Toamasina contributes to pollution in that area of the canal, as evidenced by hyacinths covered with grey-colored slime. Lists of canals Madagascar Travel Guide – includes a map of Canal des Pangalanes

Battle of Pozzolo

The Battle of Pozzolo known as the Battle of the Mincio River and Monzambano was fought during the War of the Second Coalition. A French army under General Guillaume Brune crossed the Mincio River and defeated an Austrian force under General Heinrich von Bellegarde; the Austrians were subsequently pushed back to Treviso. This truce would lead to the withdrawal of Austria from the war. Bellegarde had concentrated 50,000 troops at the Mincio river in anticipation of crossing to attack French forces on the other side. However, he postponed his attack following news of the Austrian defeat at the Battle of Hohenlinden in Germany on 3 December 1800. Taking advantage of this delay, General Brune, who commanded 70,000 men, launched his own attack, he intended to make a decoy assault upon Pozzolo. Another source credited the French with 66,000 soldiers and 160 guns and the Austrians with 38,000 infantry, 12,000 cavalry, 100 guns. Brune's Army of Italy consisted of Right and Left Wings, an Advanced Guard, a Reserve.

Antoine Guillaume Delmas led the Advance Guard which numbered 10,510 soldiers, including 1,240 cavalry and 160 gunners with 12 artillery pieces. Pierre Dupont de l'Étang commanded the Right Wing which counted 9,760 infantry, 810 cavalry, 380 artillerists with 28 guns; the Right Wing included two divisions under François Watrin. Louis-Gabriel Suchet directed the Center with 12,360 infantry, 1,120 cavalry, no guns; the Center had two divisions under Honoré Théodore Gazan. Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey led the Left Wing which numbered 13,020 infantry, no cavalry, 420 gunners with 17 artillery pieces; the Left Wing's two divisions were under Jean Boudet and Donatien-Marie-Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de Rochambeau. Louis-Nicolas Davout and Claude Ignace François Michaud commanded the Reserve with 10,910 infantry, 4,380 cavalry, 1,100 artillerists with 103 guns. Gaspard Amédée Gardanne led one division and François Étienne de Kellermann led the heavy cavalry division. Dupont's corps crossed the river near Pozzolo on Christmas Day 1800 under heavy Austrian artillery fire.

This force made a feint on Pozzolo whilst a temporary bridge was constructed at nearby Molino della Bolta. Dupont moved two divisions and a battery of 25 artillery pieces across the new bridge and constructed defences. Following reinforcement from Suchet, the French defeated an Austrian midday counterattack and took the village of Pozzolo. A second Austrian attack launched at 1:00 pm and was formed of Hungarian troops led by Konrad Valentin von Kaim, they forced the French back to their bridgehead. Heavy French artillery fire prevented further progress and a renewed French assault recaptured the village, taking five guns and 700–800 prisoners. Suchet constructed a second bridge which allowed a whole French division to cross the river unopposed; the village of Pozzolo was bitterly fought over, changing hands a further three times before a final French assault secured it just before dusk. It was during this fighting. During the night, the Austrians took advantage of a clear moonlit night to attack the French bivouacs.

From 5:00 am on 26 December French troops constructed another bridge at Monzambano, under the cover of dense fog and supporting fire from 40 guns. They launched an assault upon the Monte Bianco hills, which were held by around 35,000 Austrians; the Austrians were driven back to Salionze and a French force under Delmas captured Valeggio sul Mincio. In the day an Austrian counterattack retook the village before Delmas secured it; the French reinforced their positions during the afternoon and defeated an Austrian counterattack in the hills. Austrian losses in the battle were around 40 guns. A second source asserted that the French sustained 4,000 casualties, including General of Brigade André Calvin killed; the Austrians suffered losses of 807 killed, 4,067 wounded, 3,984 captured, 313 missing, or a total of 9,171. General officer losses were Charles Alain Gabriel de Rohan wounded; the French captured 14 3-pounder, six 6-pounder, three 12-pounder cannons, six 7-pounder howitzers. Bellegarde pulled back beyond the Adige river.

Brune cautiously followed up the Austrian retreat and paused at the river to await the arrival of his pontoon bridging teams. Bellegarde withdrew his troops further to attempt to join with some reinforcements which allowed the French to cross the Adige river unopposed. After a series of small engagements the French reached Treviso where an armistice was signed on 16 January 1801; the cessation of hostilities was made permanent with the Treaty of Lunéville on 9 February 1801, which ended the Austrian involvement in the war

Caste War of Yucat√°n

The Caste War of Yucatán began with the revolt of native Maya people of the Yucatán Peninsula against the European-descended population, called Yucatecos. The latter had long held economic control of the region. A lengthy war ensued between the Yucateco forces in the northwest of the Yucatán and the independent Maya in the southeast. There was regular raiding between them. In the 1850s the United Kingdom recognized the Maya state because of the value of its trading with British Honduras. In addition, by 1867 the Maya occupied parts of the western part of the Yucatán, including the District of Petén, where the Xloschá and Macanché tribes were allied with them. Growing investment in Mexico resulted in a change in United Kingdom policy, in 1893 it signed a new treaty with the national government, recognizing its control of all of the Yucatán, formalizing the border with British Honduras, closing its colony to trade with Chan Santa Cruz, the capital of the Maya; the war ended in 1901 when the Mexican army occupied the Maya capital of Chan Santa Cruz and subdued neighboring areas.

Another formal end was made in 1915. He introduced reforms from the revolution. However, skirmishes with small settlements that refused to acknowledge Mexican control continued until 1933. Non-Maya were at risk of being killed if they ventured into the jungle, space controlled by the Maya. In Spanish colonial times, the Yucatán population operated under a legal caste system: peninsulares were at the top, the criollos of Spanish descent in the next level, followed by the mestizo population, next descendants of the natives who had collaborated with the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, at the bottom were the other native indios; the indigenous population was concentrated in the Campeche-Mérida region. This was known as the Camino Real, because the majority of the peninsulares and criollos lived in that area; the Maya outnumbered the European-descended groups by three to one throughout the Yucatan, but in the east this ratio was closer to five to one. The elites maintained the strictest control over the Maya population in the east.

The Church allied with the stronger classes had a preponderant role where the military organization was strongest. During the Mexican War of Independence, the intelligentsia of Yucatán watched the events to the north. Following 1820 they organized their own resistance to Spain, forming the Patriotic Confederation, which declared independence from Spain in 1821; the confederation subsequently joined the Mexican Empire that same year. The government of the republic, based in Mexico City, tended towards centralization, which the people in the frontier areas resented. Near the end of the next decade, several provinces revolted against the central government, including Guatemala in the south and Texas in the north. To bear the costs of the war against Texas, the national government imposed a variety of taxes, including raising importation duties on many items, it taxed the movement of local goods. In response to this, on 2 May 1839, a federalist movement led by Santiago Imán created a rival government in Tizimín, which soon took over Valladolid, Izamal and Mérida on the Yucatán peninsula.

To increase his strength, Imán appealed to the indigenous Maya population, providing them with arms for the first time since the Conquest. He promised that he would give them land free of exploitation. With their support, he prevailed in battle. In February 1840, Imán proclaimed Yucatan's return to a federal regime in 1841, declared it to be an independent republic, but Antonio López de Santa Anna, as head of the Mexican government, did not accept this independence. Land invasion followed, but the Mexican forces were frustrated in their attempts to take either Campeche or Mérida, withdrew to Tampico; as Yucatán was struggling against Mexican authority, its population divided into factions. One faction, based in Mérida, was led by Miguel Barbachano, who leaned toward reintegration with Mexico; the other faction was led based in Campeche. He feared reintegration would expose the region to attack by the United States, as tensions loomed on the northern border that would soon break out in the Mexican–American War.

By 1847, the Yucatan Republic had two capitals in the two cities. At the same time, in their struggle against the central government, both leaders had integrated numerous Maya into their armies as soldiers; the Maya, having taken up arms in the course of the war, decided not to set them down again. The War seemed rooted in the defense of Santa Cruz Indian communal lands against the expansion of private ownership, which had accompanied the boom in the production of henequen, or agave, an important industrial fiber used to make rope. After discovering the value of the plant, from 1833 the wealthier Hispanic Yucatecos developed plantations to cultivate it on a large scale. Not long after the henequen boom, a boom in sugar production led to more wealth for the upper class, they expanded their sugar and henequen plantations by encroaching on Maya communal land, abused their Maya workers by treating them poorly and underpaying them.. In their correspondence with British Honduras, rebel Maya leaders most cited oppressive taxation as the immediate ca

Killer Bunnies (album)

Killer Bunnies is an album by trumpeter Jack Walrath, recorded in 1986 and released on the British Spotlite label. All compositions by Jack Walrath except where noted "Snagadaa" – 8:08 "A Study in Porcine" – 7:50 "Kirsten Sunday Morning" – 4:58 "Killer Bunnies" – 6:12 "Duke Ellington's Sound of Love" – 3:10 "Four Freedom" – 2:42 "Dustbiter" – 5:04 Jack Walrath – trumpet Paul Dunmalltenor saxophone Tim Richardspiano Paul Anstey – bass Tony Orrelldrums

Sadettin Tantan

Sadettin Tantan is the Turkish politician, the founder and current leader of the Homeland Party since 2002. He was a former member of the Motherland Party and served as the Minister of the Interior between 1999 and 2001 under the DSP-ANAP-MHP coalition led by Bülent Ecevit. Born in Sapanca, Sakarya Province on 1 January 1941, Tantan studied at the Police Institute and graduated from the Eskişehir Academy of Economic and Commercial Sciences Faculty of Management, he received his master's degree from Bursa Institute of Business Administration and went to the United Kingdom to improve his foreign language skills. He began work as a deputy commissioner in the General Directorate of Security, working in the Narcotics and Law Departments of the police forces in Eskişehir, Bursa and İstanbul, he served as the Head of the Provincial Police Departments in Giresun and Tekirdağ. Between 1980 and 1990, he served as the President of the İstanbul Specialised Wrestling Club, he served as the President of the Wrestling Federation between December 1991 and December 1993.

Tantan joined the Motherland Party in 1994 and was selected as the party's candidate to become the Mayor of İstanbul's Fatih District for the 1994 local elections. He was served as the district's mayor for five years. In 1999, there was speculation that ANAP could select him as a candidate for the Mayor of the İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality for the 1999 local elections, he was instead selected as a candidate to become a Member of Parliament#Member of Parliament for İstanbul's second electoral district in the 1999 general election. After being elected as a Member of Parliament in the 1999 general election, Tantan was appointed as the Minister of the Interior in the triple party coalition that included the Democratic Left Party, the Nationalist Movement Party and the Motherland Party; the coalition was headed by DSP leader Bülent Ecevit. As Interior Minister, Tantan received media coverage for his numerous anti-corruption operations, he was removed from office in a reshuffle on 6 June 2001 and was offered the position of Minister of State responsible for customs.

He resigned from the Motherland Party. Tantan co-founded the Homeland Party in January 2002 and was elected leader of the party in an Extraordinary Congress on 25 August 2002, replacing Hakan Önder; the party won 294,909 vote in the November 2002 general election and lost the three MPs that had defected to the party prior to the election, having fallen far below the 10% election threshold needed to win representation in Parliament. The party was unable to contest the 2011 general election due to formal irregularities in submitting required documents to the Supreme Electoral Council; the party put forward mayoral candidates in İstanbul, İzmir and Ankara but failed to win any municipalities. In the June 2015 general election, the party won 9,289 votes and again failed to win any parliamentary representation. Tantan is married with five grandchildren. General Directorate of Security Turkish nationalism 57th government of Turkey Collection of all relevant news items at Biography at the website of the Homeland Party