Jonathan Edwards (the younger)
Jonathan Edwards was an American theologian and linguist. Born in Northampton, Massachusetts Bay, he was the ninth child and second son of Jonathan Edwards and Sarah Pierrepont. In 1751, the family moved to Stockbridge, Massachusetts where his exposure to language variation began. Both of Edwards parents died during the year of 1758, he graduated from Princeton in 1765, after which he studied theology under Joseph Bellamy of Bethlehem, Connecticut. He was a tutor at Princeton from 1767 to 1769, a pastor in New Haven, Connecticut from 1769 to 1795, where he was dismissed from this position due to doctrinal conflicts in the church. Despite this dismissal, he was called back to another church in Colebrook, Connecticut that same year. After serving as pastor in Colebrook, Connecticut from 1795 to 1799, he moved to Schenectady, New York to serve as the president of Union College. Edwards died on August 1, 1801, was buried in the churchyard of the First Presbyterian Church in Schenectady, New York; as a theologian, his fame rests upon his reply to Charles Chauncy upon the salvation of all men, in which he defended the usual evangelical doctrine, his reply to Samuel West's Essays on Liberty and Necessity, in which he modified his father's theory of the will by giving it a liberal interpretation, upon his sermons on the atonement.
A great deal of religious controversy raged in New England during his lifetime. His works were published at Andover in two volumes, were re-published together along with a memoir by Tryon Edwards. Unlike his father, a slave-owner, Jonathan Edwards the younger supported abolition of the slave trade and of slavery, his anti-slavery viewpoint was first evidenced in 1773, when he wrote a series of articles entitled “Some Observations upon the Slavery of Negroes” in the Connecticut Journal and the New-Haven Post-Boy. These views were further articulated in his 1791 sermon, "The Injustice and Impolicy of the Slave trade." It was his work and some of Samuel Hopkins's which were among the first direct appeals to the freedom of slaves from the New England ministry. While much of his work was spent defending the works of his father Jonathan Edwards, Joseph Bellamy, Samuel Hopkins, he was a key part of the 1801 Plan of Union. Edwards was a pioneer in the historical linguistics of Native North America, he was raised in the community of Stockbridge, where Native American speakers of the Mohican language were the majority, he became fluent in that language as a child.
In 1755, Edwards's father sent him to stay in the Iroquois settlement of Onohoquaga, with the purpose of training him for future missionary work. Through this experience, Edwards acquired first-hand knowledge of Iroquoian and other Algonquian languages. In 1787, Edwards published a study of the Mohican language. In it, he chronicled basic vocabulary and grammar rules and recorded the marked differences between Mohican and English, he argued against the misconception that Native Americans had no distinct parts of speech in their language, writing, "It has been said that savages have no parts of speech beside the substantive and the verb. This is not true concerning the Mohegans, nor concerning any other tribe of Indians, of whose language I have any knowledge; the Mohegans have all the eight parts of speech. In it, he presented evidence for the relatedness of Algonquian languages throughout northeastern North America and their distinctness from the neighboring Iroquoian languages. Edwards' work on New World linguistic classification paralleled that of his contemporary, William Jones, on the Indo-European languages.
In his report, "Observation on the Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians...", Jonathan Edwards observes the Mohican language "have no diversity of gender, either in nouns or pronouns". He observed that Mohican can use plural forms just by adding an extra morpheme to the singular form; such as the singular word for boy is penumpaufoo and the plural form is penumpaufoouk for boys. The Mohican language does not contain any adjectives, instead neuter verbs are used to express the qualities. Jonathan Edwards Edwards, Jonathan, 1787. Observations on the Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians, in Which the Extent of that Language in North America is Shewn, its Genius is Grammatically Traced, Some of its Peculiarities, Some Instances of Analogy between that and the Hebrew are Pointed out. Josiah Meigs, New Haven, Connecticut. Gamertsfelder, Sarah. Http://www.gilderlehrman.org/teachers/scholars/HSP03. EAA6. Gamertsfelder.pdf. America’s God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln. Mark A. Noll. New York: Oxford University Press Edwards, Tryon.
The Works of Jonathan Edwards, with a Memoir of His Life and Character by Tryon Edwards. Allen and Wardwell. Ferm, Robert L. "Jonathan Edwards the Younger and the American Reformed Tradition"". Church History". Church History. 28: 88–89. Ferm, Robert L. Jonathan Edwards the Younger, 1745-1801: A Colonial Pastor. Campbell, Lyle; the Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford University Press. Jonathan Edwards at Find a Grave
Jonathan Edwards (musician)
Jonathan Edwards is an American singer-songwriter and musician best known for his 1971 hit single "Sunshine". Jonathan Edwards was born John Evan Edwards on July 28, 1946 in Aitkin, United States. At the age of six, he moved with his family to Virginia. At the age of eight, he began learning to play piano by ear. While attending military school, he began composing his own songs; as a teenager he began performing in front of audiences. I started on a $29 guitar and started putting a band together, writing songs and learning all the contemporary folk songs of the time. I just loved. While studying art at Ohio University, he became a fixture at local clubs, playing with a variety of rock and blues bands. In 1967, he and his band played clubs throughout New England. With Joe Dolce on lead guitar, they played cover tunes as well as their own country blues originals under various names, including the Headstone Circus, St. James Doorknob, the Finite Minds, they made an album for Metromedia Records as Sugar Creek.
In the early 1970s, Edwards began performing as a solo acoustic artist. He would recall: I liked the sound of bronze strings on rosewood better than steel strings on magnets, so I walked out of that club in Vermont, rented myself a van and PA system, started traveling around the colleges in New England by myself, without gigs, just setting up in the lobbies of dormitories on a Saturday. Pretty soon I started getting a following. Edwards began opening up for acts such as the Allman Brothers Band and B. B. King, he signed with Capricorn Records to record Jonathan Edwards. We took about a year recording the first album—different times, different studios, different sounds, different techniques. Recording was so new in'69 and'70. There was a song on the album called'Please Find Me', for some reason the engineer rolled over it, it got erased. We spent hours looking for it. We put "Sunshine" in its place. Like most of the songs on Jonathan Edwards, "Sunshine" was written shortly after Edwards left the band.
"I felt fresh liberated," he recalled. "I just went out in the woods every day with my bottle of wine and guitar, sat by a lake near Boston and wrote down all those tunes, day after day." Regarding the theme of "Sunshine", Edwards commented, "It was just at the time of the Vietnam War and Nixon. It was looking bad out there; that song meant a lot to a lot of people during that time—especially me." "Sunshine" reached No. 4 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the R. I. A. A. in January 1972. Following the release of his debut album, Edwards moved out of the city to a farm in western Massachusetts, which provided the rural, country inspiration for his second album, Honky-Tonk Stardust Cowboy on the Atlantic Records label; this was an album of self-penned acoustic, country-flavored songs about love and life and was followed by Have a Good Time For Me on Atlantic. In 1973 he and his friends got together to record a live album for his fans called Lucky Day, named after a song he wrote in the truck on his way up to live in Nova Scotia.
This "fresh-air break" lasted only a couple of months, when his old friend Emmylou Harris invited him to Los Angeles to sing backup on her Elite Hotel album. That led to a deal with Warner Bros. Records and two albums produced by Harris' husband/producer Brian Ahern: Rockin' Chair and Sailboat. In 1979, Edwards moved back to the United States to New Hampshire, two years back to Northern Virginia area where he had grown up. In 1983, he produced and recorded Blue Ridge with the bluegrass band, The Seldom Scene, for Sugar Hill Records. In 1987 he recorded a children's album, Little Hands, released on the small independent American Melody label, it was selected by the American Library Association as a Notable Children's Recording. Turning to acting, Edwards toured as the lead in the Broadway musical Pump Boys and Dinettes; when the show reached Nashville, he met an old friend from Wendy Waldman. She and Mike Robertson convinced Edwards to record a country album. "I've never in Nashville. Yeah, let's do it."
Edwards said. So, Natural Thing was produced and released on MCA/Curb Records in 1989. "I was crazy about the songs we selected from those great Nashville writers, the acoustic-based production that Wendy and I put together was just a joy to make and to listen to. I count that as one of the best albums I've been involved with."In the 1990s, Edwards continued to tour, doing session work, producing his own music as well as that of other talents, such as Cheryl Wheeler. He took part in the 1994 "Back to the Future" tour that included Don McLean, Tom Rush, Jesse Colin Young, Steve Forbert and Al Stewart. In 1994 he released One Day Closer, his first solo album in five years, on his new record label, Rising Records. Man in the Moon, which includes several of Edwards' original songs, followed the end of 1997. In September 1997, Rising Records released a remixed, re-sequenced Among Us, a CD by Simon Townshend, younger brother of the Who's Pete Townshend. Edwards scored the soundtrack for The Mouse, starring John Savage.
In 2001, Edwards celebrated thirty years of "Sunshine" with a First Annual Farewell Tour with Kenny White on piano. In the 2000s, Edwards narrated and performed in a travel series for Media Artists entitled Cruising America's Waterways, purchased by PBS. Media Artists also
Jonathan Edwards College
Jonathan Edwards College is a residential college at Yale University. It is named for a 1720 graduate of Yale College. Opened to undergraduates in 1933, JE is one of the original eight residential colleges donated by Edward Harkness, it is among the smallest of Yale's residential colleges, by both footprint and undergraduate membership. JE's residential quadrangle was the first to be completed in Yale's residential college system; because its design employed buildings finished before the Residential College Plan was adopted, it is stylistically eclectic, but in the Collegiate Gothic style. In 1930, Yale President James Rowland Angell announced a "Quadrangle Plan" for Yale College, establishing small collegiate communities in the style of Oxford and Cambridge in order to foster more social intimacy among students and faculty, relieve dormitory overcrowding, reduce the influence of on-campus fraternities and societies. Professor Robert Dudley French was one of the earliest advocates of this plan and visited Oxford and Cambridge to study aspects of their college systems.
In 1930, Angell appointed him Master of Jonathan Edwards College, the first such appointment at Yale. French subsequently selected eight members of the faculty to be the first fellows of the college; these men were chosen because they combined distinction in both teaching and scholarship, because of their individuality and diversity of interests. James Gamble Rogers, Yale's campus planner and architect of eight of the residential colleges, selected the site for JE to incorporate two dormitories he had designed for Yale College. Construction on these buildings was completed in 1932, they were made to harmonize with the Rogers' nearby Memorial Quadrangle. In September 1933, JE opened to its first class of students. JE's early years saw a flourishing of political activity among students. In 1934 the Yale Political Union was founded in the college. During this time college attracted students who would become noted public figures, including Winthrop Rockefeller, Stanley Rogers Resor, McGeorge Bundy, John Lindsay, many of whom served as officers of the Political Union.
During World War II, JE was one of three residential colleges which remained open to civilian students. During this time, it became a significant site of intelligence community activity. Master French, who remained at the college through 1953, his successor, William Dunham, were conduits for undergraduate recruitment into intelligence positions. Fellow and future dean Joseph Curtiss was extensively involved in CIA reconnaissance projects, including one known as the "Yale Library Project."Until the university abolished the practice 1962 and placed students in the colleges by lottery, the college admitted students by application after completion of their freshman year. During the 1960s, Master Beekman Cannon deepened a tradition of performing arts in the college, hosting operas, plays and musical satire; the college enforced a coat and tie dress code for evening meals in the dining hall, curfews and parietal rules in the dormitories. These rules were relaxed after the advent of co-education in Yale College in 1969.
Jonathan Edwards matriculated at Yale College in 1716 near his 13th birthday. Four years he graduated as valedictorian of his class of about twenty; this was at a time when entrance into either Harvard or Yale required ability in Latin and Hebrew. Edwards received his Masters of Arts from Yale in 1722. In 1724, he returned to the college as a tutor respected for his theological orthodoxy, anti-Arminianism, devotion to Yale. During his Yale teaching he began to write and recite a litany of self-improving resolutions, which became a lifelong practice. After leaving Yale in 1726, he went on to serve a number of pulpits, publish read sermons and essays, lead the Great Awakening. Late in his life he presided as its third president. In 1938, in part due to the naming of the college, descendants of Edwards donated his papers to Yale. Today, The Jonathan Edwards Center contains many of these original writings; the dominant architectural style of JE is Gothic Revival, the campus consists of two- to four-story buildings surrounding an open courtyard.
It is the only one of James Gamble Rogers' eight colleges to blend pre-existing buildings. Less ornate than the adjacent Memorial Quadrangle, JE became the template for Yale's gothic residential projects. JE's immediate forerunner is in the York-Library dormitory, a short, L-shaped building completed in 1924 to complement the Memorial Quadrangle and complete the Gothic corridor along Library Street; when the college plan was approved several years Rogers reconfigured and expanded the dormitory, renaming its wings as Dickinson Hall and Wheelock Hall after early alumni who were the founding presidents of Princeton and Dartmouth. The construction of the dormitories required the demolition of Kent Chemical Laboratory, replaced with Kent Hall, the addition of a dining hall and Head's house that enclosed the quadrangle. JE's final building, Weir Hall, was incorporated into the college several decades into the college's tenure, its construction began in 1911 when George Douglas Miller decided to build a dormitory for Skull and Bones.
Though Miller salvaged the castellated towers of Alumni Hall, a campus building constructed in 1851, the new dormitory was never completed and was purchased by the university in 1912. It served as home to Yale's Department of Architecture from 1924 until 1965, when it was converted to a residential and library building for JE. Though the basic architectural program of the college has remained unchanged sinc
Jonathan Edwards (Washington & Jefferson College)
Jonathan Edwards was the first president of Washington & Jefferson College following the union of Washington College and Jefferson College. Edwards was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on July 19, 1817, he graduated from Hanover College in 1835 and from Hanover's theological department in 1838. Edwards taught in Kentucky from 1838 to 1842 before becoming ordained clergy in the Presbyterian Church in 1844, he served as pastor at various churches in Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Edwards served as the fifth president of Hanover College from 1855 through 1857. On April 4, 1866, Edwards was elected as the first president of the newly unified Washington & Jefferson College. By the end of his presidency, the college was considering consolidating the two campuses, a direction Edwards supported. Edwards resigned the presidency of W&J on April 1869 to accept a pastoral charge in Baltimore, he died in Peoria, Illinois on July 13, 1891
Jonathan and Darlene Edwards
Jonathan and Darlene Edwards were a musical comedy double act developed by American conductor and arranger Paul Weston, his wife, singer Jo Stafford. The routine was conceived in the 1950s, involved Weston playing songs on the piano in unconventional rhythms, while Stafford sang off-key in a high pitched voice; the couple released five albums and one single as the Edwards, their 1960 album and Darlene Edwards in Paris won that year's Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album. Weston first assumed the role of a bad lounge pianist in the mid-1950s, as a way of entertaining guests at Hollywood parties, but was urged to record an album of songs in the unconventional style after giving an impromptu performance in 1956. At the time, he was working for Columbia Records, after hearing Weston's rendition of "Stardust" at a sales convention in Key West, Columbia executives George Avakian and Irving Townsend encouraged him to record an album of similar tracks. Avakian named Weston's character Jonathan Edwards after the 18th century Calvinist preacher of the same name and asked him to record under that alias, but fearing he would not have enough material to record a full album, Weston asked his wife to join the project.
Stafford, a classically trained singer with the ability to sing both in and out of tune agreed, named her character Darlene Edwards. Their first album, The Piano Artistry of Jonathan Edwards was released in 1957, but Weston and Stafford did not admit to being behind the act until Time magazine identified them in an article in September 1957; the Jonathan and Darlene Edwards act won the couple many fans, including some among their show business peers such as the pianist George Shearing, but their 1979 cover of the Bee Gees' "Stayin' Alive" was disliked by the band. Their final album, Darlene Remembers Duke, Jonathan Plays Fats was released in 1982. Paul Weston and Jo Stafford enjoyed successful careers as musicians from the 1930s, she performed both as a member of the group The Pied Pipers and as a solo artist, with many of her solo hits backed by Weston's orchestra. Stafford was comfortable working with Weston, the couple became romantically involved in the mid 1940s, they married in 1952, continued to collaborate on recordings.
Weston began his impression of an unskilled pianist in or around 1955, assuming the guise "when things got a little quiet, or when people began taking themselves too at a Hollywood party." One person who enjoyed the act on these occasions was Dean Martin's wife Jeanne, who would ask Weston to "do that silly thing you do". He put on an impromptu performance of the act the following year at a Columbia Records sales convention in Key West, after hearing a bad hotel pianist; the audience was appreciative of his rendition of "Stardust" Columbia executives George Avakian and Irving Townsend, who encouraged Weston to make an album of such songs. Inspired by the pianist Roger Williams, who shared his name with a theologian from Rhode Island, Avakian suggested naming Weston's character after Jonathan Edwards, a Calvinist preacher from the 18th Century. Weston worried that he might not be able to find enough material for an entire album, he asked his wife to join the project. Stafford—who had recorded comedy songs under the name Cinderella G. Stump—readily agreed, named her off-key vocalist persona Darlene Edwards.
Stafford's creation of Darlene Edwards had its roots in the novelty songs that Mitch Miller, the head of Columbia's artists and repertoire department, had been selecting for her to sing. These included songs such as "Underneath the Overpass", which she felt obliged to record because Columbia was paying for her studio time. However, because she did not agree with Miller's music choices for her and her studio musicians recorded their own renditions of the music, performing the songs according to their feelings about them; because she had some unused studio time at a 1957 recording session, as a joke Stafford recorded a track as Darlene Edwards. Those who heard bootlegs of the recording responded positively, that year and Weston recorded an album of songs as Jonathan and Darlene, entitled The Piano Artistry of Jonathan Edwards; the couple had to replace the drummer for the album because the musician they had hired laughed until he cried, making it impossible to get a decent take. When the album was released, former Pied Pipers member and Los Angeles-based radio personality Dick Whittinghill told his listeners that Darlene Edwards was the best female singer he'd heard played one of the tracks—"It's Magic".
Afterwards, people contacted him to say "We have trusted you all these years, all our lives. This woman is terrible, how can we believe in you again?". Others said; as a publicity stunt and Stafford claimed that Jonathan and Darlene Edwards were a New Jersey lounge act which they had discovered, denied any personal connection. This ruse led to much speculation about the Edwards' identities. In an article titled Two Right Hands in September 1957, Time magazine reported that some people believed the performers were Harry and Margaret Truman, but the same piece identified Weston and Stafford as the Edwardses. After Stafford and Weston were identified as the Edwardses, some people remained unaware of it. Paul Weston once played golf with the head of a major corporation; the man said he had purchased Jonathan and Darlene Edwards in Paris and asked Weston if he had heard of the record. Weston th
Jonathan Edwards (triple jumper)
Jonathan David Edwards, is a British former triple jumper. He is an Olympic, World and European champion, has held the world record in the event since 1995. Following his retirement as an athlete, Edwards has worked as a sports commentator and presenter for BBC television. A devout Christian, he presented episodes of the BBC Christian worship programme Songs of Praise, until he renounced his faith in 2007. In 2011 he was elected President of Wenlock Olympian Society following the death of its President, Roy Rogers, he was a member of the London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games for the 2012 games. Edwards was born in Westminster and attended West Buckland School where his potential for the triple jump was spotted at an early age, he was a strong all-rounder and on leaving received the school's top award for sporting and academic excellence, the Fortescue Medal. Contemporaries with Edwards at West Buckland School included Victor Ubogu and Steve Ojomoh, both former Bath and England Rugby international players.
Edwards now has a Sports Hall at West Buckland named after The Jonathan Edwards Sports Centre. Edwards read Physics at Durham University, attending Van Mildert College. Due to his strong Christian beliefs during his athletic career, discussed in more detail below, he refused to compete on Sundays, but decided to do so in 1993; this decision proved timely, since the qualifying round at that year's World Championships took place on a Sunday. He went on to win the bronze medal. In his breakthrough year of 1995, Edwards produced a jump of 18.43 m at the European Cup. The leap was wind assisted and did not count for record purposes, but it was a sign of things to come as he capped an unbeaten year with a historic gold medal performance at the World Championships, in which he broke the world record twice in the same meeting. On his first jump, he became the first man to pass the 18-metre barrier with a jump of 18.16 m. That record lasted for about 20 minutes, his second jump of 18.29 m made him the first to jump 60 feet.
During his commentary for the 2008 Summer Olympics, Edwards observed that during the 1995 World Championships, he felt as if "he could jump as far as he needed to". That same year, Edwards became the BBC Sports Personality of the Year. During 1996 Edwards went into the Olympic Games as favourite and world record holder, but it was American Kenny Harrison who took the gold with a jump of 18.09 m. Edwards walked away with the silver after a leap of 17.88 m. Edwards won the gold medal at the 2000 Olympic Games, was appointed a CBE shortly thereafter, he won golds at the 2001 World Championships and 2002 Commonwealth Games. At one point in 2002, Edwards held all the gold medals for the "four majors", he retired after the 2003 World Championships as Great Britain's most successful medal winning athlete. Following his retirement, Edwards has pursued a media career as a television presenter working for the BBC as a sports commentator and presenter, on programmes such as Songs of Praise until he gave up this programme, due to his loss of faith, in February 2007.
Edwards presents BBC coverage of athletics. When he is not presenting coverage, Edwards provides expert analysis on field events as part of the BBC commentary team. Edwards received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2002. After retiring from competition, Edwards became a keen recreational cyclist and has presented the BBC's coverage of cycle racing since 2012, he covered the 2014 Winter Olympics for the BBC and the 2014 Winter Paralympics for Channel 4. Edwards served as a presenter for the Olympic Announcement ceremonies during the IOC sessions in Guatemala in 2007 and Copenhagen in 2009. In 2004, Edwards joined with Paula Radcliffe on an Olympic Special Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. The pair raised £64,000 for charity with half of that sum going to the British Olympic Association and a quarter of the sum going to Asthma UK, he was a member of the London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, representing athletes in the organisation of the 2012 Summer Olympics.
In February 2016, after 13 years with the BBC, Edwards announced that he had agreed to join Eurosport on an exclusive contract as the channel's lead presenter from 2017, although he would continue working for the BBC and Channel 4 on their coverage of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics alongside duties with Eurosport until the end of 2016, with his first anchoring role for the pay TV channel being the 2016 European Aquatics Championships in May in London. Triple Jump — 18.29 m, 18.43 m W +2.4 100 m — 10.48s Long jump — 7.41 m An honorary doctorate was conferred upon him at a ceremony at the University of Exeter on 21 January 2006. In the same year, an honorary doctorate of the university was conferred upon him at the winter graduation ceremony of the University of Ulster. Edwards received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2002. Best known as the'Silver Fox' Edwards lives with his wife Alison in Newcastle upon Tyne, they have two sons and Sam. In August 2014, Edwards was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.
Edwards refused to compete on Sundays due to his devout Christian beliefs, a decision that cost him a chance to compete in the 1991 World Championships. However, in 1993, after much deliberation and discussi
Jonathan Edwards (theologian)
Jonathan Edwards was an American revivalist preacher and Congregationalist Protestant theologian. Edwards is regarded as one of America's most important and original philosophical theologians. Edwards' theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, the Puritan heritage. Recent studies have emphasized how Edwards grounded his life's work on conceptions of beauty and ethical fittingness, how central The Enlightenment was to his mindset. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, oversaw some of the first revivals in 1733–35 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts, his theological work gave rise to a distinct school of theology known as the New England theology. Edwards delivered the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God", a classic of early American literature, during another revival in 1741, following George Whitefield's tour of the Thirteen Colonies. Edwards is well known for his many books, The End For Which God Created the World, The Life of David Brainerd, which inspired thousands of missionaries throughout the 19th century, Religious Affections, which many Reformed Evangelicals still read today.
Edwards died from a smallpox inoculation shortly after beginning the presidency at the College of New Jersey. He was the grandfather of Aaron Burr, third Vice President of the United States. Jonathan Edwards was born on October 5, 1703, was the son of Timothy Edwards, a minister at East Windsor, who eked out his salary by tutoring boys for college, his mother, Esther Stoddard, daughter of the Rev. Solomon Stoddard, of Northampton, seems to have been a woman of unusual mental gifts and independence of character. Jonathan, their only son, was the fifth of 11 children, he was trained for college by his father and elder sisters, all of whom received an excellent education and one of whom, the eldest, wrote a semi-humorous tract on the immateriality of the soul mistakenly attributed to Jonathan. He entered Yale College in 1716, at just under the age of 13. In the following year, he became acquainted with John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which influenced him profoundly. During his college studies, he kept notebooks labeled "The Mind," "Natural Science", "The Scriptures" and "Miscellanies," had a grand plan for a work on natural and mental philosophy, drew up for himself rules for its composition.
He was interested in natural history, as a precocious 11-year-old and wrote an essay detailing the ballooning behavior of some spiders. Edwards would edit this text to match the burgeoning genre of scientific literature, his "The Flying Spider" fit into the then-current scholarship on spiders. Though he would go on to study theology for two years after his graduation, Edwards continued to be interested in science. However, while many European scientists and American clergymen found the implications of science pushing them towards deism, Edwards went the other way, saw the natural world as evidence of God's masterful design, throughout his life, Edwards went into the woods as a favorite place to pray and worship in the beauty and solace of nature. Edwards was fascinated by other scientists of his age. Before he undertook full-time ministry work in Northampton, he wrote on various topics in natural philosophy, including flying spiders and optics. While he was worried about the materialism and faith in reason alone of some of his contemporaries, he saw the laws of nature as derived from God and demonstrating his wisdom and care.
Edwards wrote sermons and theological treatises that emphasized the beauty of God and the role of aesthetics in the spiritual life, in which he anticipates a 20th-century current of theological aesthetics, represented by figures like Hans Urs von Balthasar. In 1722 to 1723, he was for eight months "stated supply" of a small Presbyterian Church in New York City; the church invited him to remain. After spending two months in study at home, in 1724–26, he was one of the two tutors at Yale, earning for himself the name of a "pillar tutor", from his steadfast loyalty to the college and its orthodox teaching, at the time when Yale's rector, Timothy Cutler, his tutor Daniel Brown, his former tutor Samuel Johnson, four local ministers, had declared for the Anglican Church; the years 1720 to 1726 are recorded in his diary and in the resolutions for his own conduct which he drew up at this time. He had long been an eager seeker after salvation and was not satisfied as to his own conversion until an experience in his last year in college, when he lost his feeling that the election of some to salvation and of others to eternal damnation was "a horrible doctrine," and reckoned it "exceedingly pleasant and sweet."
He now took a great and new joy in taking in the beauties of nature and delighted in the allegorical interpretation of the Song of Solomon. Balancing these mystic joys is the stern tone of his Resolutions, in which he is ascetic in his eagerness to live earnestly and soberly, to waste no time, to maintain the strictest temperance in eating and drinking. On February 15, 1727, Edwards was ordained minister at Northampton and assistant to his grandfather Solomon Stoddard, he was a scholar-pastor, not a visiting pastor. In the same year, he married Sarah Pierpont. 17, Sarah was from a storied New England clerical family: her father was James Pierp