Matt Dowling (politician)
Matt Dowling is the representative for the 51st District of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. He is a member of the Republican Party. Dowling began his political career when he defeated incumbent Tim Mahoney in the general election after he ran unopposed in the Republican Primary for the 51st District seat in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, he served on the Youth, Gaming Oversight, Local Government and Urban Affairs committees. In 2018 he ran unopposed again and defeated Mahoney in a rematch
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Michael Coyne Turzai is a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives who serves as Speaker of the House. He is from Allegheny County and has represented the 28th legislative district since 2001, his district includes the cities of Warrendale, Bradford Woods, Franklin Park, McCandless. Turzai served as the House Majority Leader from 2011 until 2014, was elected Speaker in January 2015, he was a candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania in 2018 until he suspended his campaign in February 2018. Turzai was born in Pennsylvania, he attended Our Lady of the Sacred Heart High School in Coraopolis. He earned a B. A. in English from the University of Notre Dame in 1981 and his law degree from Duke University in 1987. Turzai is married to a pediatrician, they live in Marshall Township in Allegheny County. Turzai was an assistant district attorney for Allegheny County from 1988 to 1992, when he joined Houston Harbaugh, a law firm in Pittsburgh, he practiced law with Houston Harbaugh through 2004, remains Of counsel with them.
Prior to serving in the legislature, Turzai served as the vice president of the Bradford Woods Borough Council. He was a former representative to the Republican State Committee in 2000, he is a former member of the Pine-Marshall-Bradford Woods Police Board. In 1998 Turzai ran to represent the 4th District in the U. S. House against Democratic incumbent Ron Klink, he won the Republican primary by a large margin, with 54.25% of the vote to David F. Miller's 24.45% and Paul Adametz's 21.26%, but was defeated by Klink in the general election, 64-36%. In 2001 he was elected to the Pennsylvania House, winning every precinct in the 28th district against attorney Thomas Dancison in a special election to fill the seat of Jane Orie, who had replaced Melissa Hart in the state Senate in 2000. In November 2010 Turzai was elected majority leader after the elections which gave the House a 21-seat majority by Republicans, he had previously served as minority whip. He was majority leader from 2011 to 2014. Turzai was House Majority Leader in June 2011 when it passed the amended "Fair Share Act", a tort reform bill that repealed Pennsylvania's common law doctrine of joint and several liability.
On November 15, 2016, Turzai was chosen by House Republicans to be speaker-designee of the House of Representatives. On January 6, 2017, he was unanimously elected as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for a second term; because of his role as Speaker, Turzai sits on all committees in an ex-officio capacity. He serves on the Committee on Committees and the Committee on Rules. In 2017 Turzai was given a 91% rating by the National Federation of Independent Business and an 80% rating by the American Conservative Union. In 2016 he was given a 0% rating by the Sierra Club but a 25% rating by the Sierra Club PA; that same year he received a 92 % rating by the Pennsylvania Chamber of Industry. The National Rifle Association endorsed Turzai for re-election in 2016; as of 2017 he holds a 93% NRA rating. On November 14, 2017 Turzai announced he would run for governor in 2018, challenging Democratic incumbent Tom Wolf. Others in the Republican primary field are R-York. During the primary race Turzai will run to retain his 28th District House seat, defending against Democrat Emily Skopov.
He will remain Speaker throughout the election season. During a campaign stop in December 2017, Turzai said as governor he would prioritize "Fiscal responsibility, a balanced budget, school accountability and increased investments in career and technical education." He said that if he was unable to bring about those changes during a first term, he would not seek a second term. State Representative Kathy Rapp and state Senator Scott Hutchinson endorsed his candidacy with supporting remarks; as of February 2018, Turzai had $1.2 million in his campaign account. On February 10, 2018, Turzai announced to the state Republican Party Committee that he would no longer be running for governor, following the endorsement of Scott Wagner. In February 2018, Turzai and State Representative Judy Ward, a nurse, introduced a bill banning the abortion of babies who have been diagnosed with Down syndrome in the womb. Babies can be aborted up to 24 weeks gestation in Pennsylvania, except in cases of sex selection abortion, which are banned.
Turzai cited the country of Iceland in remarks about the bill, saying that Iceland has an zero rate of babies born with Down syndrome because all are aborted. In 2010, one of Turzai's top campaign contributors was the Pennsylvania State Education Association, which represents more than 187,000 Pennsylvania teachers and educators; the association gave him $22,500. In September 2016 Turzai advocated increasing tax credits to Pennsylvania businesses that contributed to scholarship funds that help low income people send their children to private schools. On October 26, 2017, Turzai publicly asked several public universities within Pennsylvania to freeze tuition for the 2018-2019 school year for in-state residents; the universities that he asked were the University of Pittsburgh, Penn State University, Temple University, Lincoln University. After a state budget was passed at the end of October, those schools along with the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine stood to receive more than $600 million for the 2017-2018 fiscal year.
In October 2017, Turzai voted yes on HB 178 to amend the Pennsylvania Public School Code in various ways. Through his yes vote on the
Aaron Bernstine is the representative for the 10th District of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. The district includes Butler County and Lawrence County, he is a member of the Republican Party. Bernstine began his political career when he defeated incumbent Jaret Gibbons for the 10th District seat in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives with 58.48% of the vote. He serves on the Aging & Older Adult Services, Finance and Fisheries and Health committees
Patrick J. Harkins is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for 1st District and was elected in 2006. Harkins grew up in Pennsylvania; the youngest of five children to Bernard and Rita Harkins. He graduated from Erie Tech Memorial High School. While in high school he earned an electrical-electronics certification. At Mercyhurst College, he studied political business. After a year at Mercyhurst he transferred to Penn State Behrend where he studied political science and business, he worked as a driver for UPS for 25 years. While employed there he became active in the local Teamsters Union, Teamsters LU 397. Harkins was first elected in 2006; the district opened up when Rep. Linda Bebko-Jones retired following a challenge to the validity of her petition signatures, he won a three-way primary election over Democrats Michael Skrzypczak and Dennis Iaquinta and went on to defeat Republican Christine Pontoriero with 75% of the vote. In the primary of 2016 Harkins faced no opposition, in the general election on November 8th.
2016 Harkins won reelection to his sixth term defeating William Edward Crotty by 76% to 22%. Harkins was sworn in for his sixth term on January 3, 2017. Harkins served as a board member on the Sacred Heart School Board for six years, served as board president for three of those six years. Harkins and his wife Michelle founded the Reservoir Dogs neighborhood crime watch organization in their neighborhood, he served as judge of elections in Erie County, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania House Democratic Caucus – Pat Harkins - official caucus website Pennsylvania House of Representatives – Pat Harkins - official PA House websiteProfile at Vote Smart Follow the Money – Pat Harkins' 2006 campaign contributions
Frank Dermody is a Democratic member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, representing the 33rd Legislative District since 1991. His district is located in northeastern Allegheny County, including Brackenridge, East Deer, Frazer, Harrison, Oakmont, part of Plum, Springdale and West Deer. Dermody has served as House Minority Leader since January 4, 2011, he was elected Democratic floor leader on November 17, 2010, after incumbent Todd Eachus was defeated in his bid for re-election. One of five children, Dermody was born in Scranton and raised in nearby Clarks Summit, his father, a demolition expert who worked in the coal mines, died when Frank was 7. To support the family, his mother worked various jobs, including with Capitol Records, the Social Security Administration, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. After graduating from Abington Heights High School, he received a scholarship to play football at Columbia University in New York City, he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from Columbia in 1973.
For the next five years, he worked in sales for two different companies in New York while saving money for law school. He received his Juris Doctor from Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington in 1982. Dermody returned to Pennsylvania, working as an assistant public defender in Harrisburg, he served as assistant district attorney in Allegheny County for five years, prosecuting rape and child abuse cases. During his tenure in the district attorney's office, he was appointed by Governor Bob Casey in 1989 to fill an unexpired term as district justice for Oakmont and Verona, which he did for seven months. Dermody worked as a legal advisor to Allegheny County's district justices, an instructor at the Community College of Allegheny County, a faculty member of the Pennsylvania Bar Institute for Continuing Legal Education. In 1990, Dermody ran for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in the 33rd Legislative District. In the Democratic primary, he faced the president of the Riverview School Board.
He won with 2,870 votes, or 53%, against Loeffler's 2,524 votes, or 47%. In the general election, Dermody faced one-term Republican incumbent Ted V. Kondrich; the criminal justice system and the environment were regarded as the top issues of the campaign. Dermody defeated Kondrich, receiving 9,082 votes to Kondrich's 8,430, he has been re-elected every two years since. Dermody was chairman of the Subcommittee on Courts in the Judiciary Committee from 1991 to 2006, served on the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing from 1991 to 2010, including 14 years as commission chairman. In 1994, he was selected by House leaders to lead the investigation into charges against Supreme Court Justice Rolf Larsen, serving as a key prosecutor in the impeachment trial that led to Larsen's eventual removal, he served as caucus secretary. In 2009, he was elected the second-highest position for his party in the House. In late 2010, he was chosen to be Democratic Leader for the 2011-12 session. Dermody resides in Oakmont with his wife, Debra Dermody, his classmate in law school.
They have two children and Cara. Pennsylvania House of Representatives - Frank Dermody official PA House website Profile at Vote Smart Pennsylvania House Democratic Caucus - Rep. Frank Dermody official Party website
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislature of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. There are 203 members, elected for two-year terms from single member districts. Republican Mike Turzai was first elected Speaker of the House on January 6, 2015. In 2012, a State Representative district had an average population of 60,498 residents, it is the largest full-time state legislature in the country. The Hall of the House contains important symbols to Pennsylvania history and the work of legislators. Speaker's Chair: a throne-like chair of rank that sits directly behind the Speaker's rostrum. Architect Joseph Huston designed the chair in 1906, the year. Mace: the House symbol of authority, peace and respect for law rests in a pedestal to the right of the Speaker, its base is solid mahogany, intricately carved and capped by a brass globe engraved with the Pennsylvania coat of arms. An American Eagle perches on top; the tradition of the mace may date to the Roman Republic when attendants of Roman consuls carried bundles of sticks wrapped around an axe to enforce order.
The tradition is common may come directly from Pennsylvania's English heritage. Murals: a colorful panorama of Pennsylvania history appear in murals by Edwin Austin Abbey; the most commanding of the series hangs behind the Speaker's rostrum and dominates the wall behind the Speaker. It is called The Apotheosis of Pennsylvania Ceiling: a work of art in itself with its ornate geometry of gold leaf buttoned at the center by a charming painted illustration. In "The Hours", Abbey represents the passage of time in the form of 24 maidens revolving in an endless circle amidst the moon, the sun and the stars of the Milky Way; the speakership is the oldest elected statewide office in the Commonwealth. Since its first session in 1682—presided over by William Penn—over 130 house members have been elevated to the speaker's chair; the house cannot hold an official session in the absence of the speaker or his designated speaker pro tempore. Speaker Leroy Irvis was the first African American elected speaker of any state legislature in the United States since Reconstruction.
Speaker Dennis O'Brien was the only minority-party Speaker known in Pennsylvania and only the second known nationwide. Pennsylvania has never had a female speaker; as of November 13, 2018 Speaker of the House of Representatives: Mike Turzai Pennsylvania State Senate Project Vote Smart List of Pennsylvania state legislatures Specific GeneralTrostle, Sharon, ed.. The Pennsylvania Manual. 119. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Department of General Services. ISBN 0-8182-0334-X. Pennsylvania House of Representatives State House of Pennsylvania information and voting records This link leads to information about elected officials and candidates in Pennsylvania on the website "Project Vote Smart." This web site provides such information for all states in the US