Montreux Jazz Festival
The Montreux Jazz Festival is a music festival in Switzerland, held annually in early July in Montreux on the Lake Geneva shoreline. It is the second largest annual jazz festival in the world after Canada's Montreal International Jazz Festival; the Montreux Jazz Festival was founded in 1967 by Claude Nobs, Géo Voumard and René Langel with considerable help from Ahmet and Nesuhi Ertegün of Atlantic Records. The festival was first held at Montreux Casino, it lasted for three days and featured exclusively jazz artists. The highlights of this era were Miles Davis, Keith Jarrett, Jack DeJohnette, Bill Evans, Soft Machine, Weather Report, The Fourth Way, Nina Simone, Jan Garbarek, Ella Fitzgerald. A pure jazz festival, it opened up in the 1970s and today presents artists of nearly every imaginable music style. Jazz remains an important part of the festival. Part of the festival's expansion was due to coproduction by Quincy Jones who brought many international artists in the early 1990s. Today's festival attracts an audience of more than 200,000 people.
In the 1970s, the festival began broadening its scope, including blues and rock artists, for instance Marianne Faithfull, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Frank Zappa, Deep Purple, Canned Heat and many others. Towards the end of the decade, the festival expanded more, including music from all continents and lasting a full three weeks. Santana came to Montreux for the first time in 1970. Other artists included B. B. King, Gary Moore, Weather Report, Don Ellis, Buddy Guy, Camarón de la Isla, Soft Machine, Chuck Berry, George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic, Eric Clapton, Luther Allison, Bo Diddley, Stan Getz, Airto Moreira, Joe Henderson, Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson, Ney Matogrosso, Charles Mingus, Etta James, Sonny Rollins, Son House, Count Basie, Chick Corea, Herbie Hancock, Gilberto Gil, Ray Charles, James Booker, Hermeto Pascoal, Mahavishnu Orchestra, Rory Gallagher, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Elis Regina, Les McCann, Eddie Harris, Pasadena Roof Orchestra, New Order, Jaco Pastorius, Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band, Zucchero Fornaciari, André Geraissati, Korni Grupa, Jan Akkerman, Joe Satriani, Status Quo, many more.
The initiator and, until his tragic death in 2013, the head organizer, Claude Nobs, managed to bring an array of artists to Montreux, both established ones and newcomers. Following Claude's death, the organisation of the festival was handed over to Mathieu Jaton. Main partners of the Festival are Parmigiani Fleurier, Heineken, Vaudoise Assurances and UBS; the festival was held at the original Montreux Casino, which burned down in December 1971 during Frank Zappa's performance. The festival was held in other auditoriums in Montreux, until it could return to the rebuilt new Casino in 1975; the festival continued to grow, in 1993, it moved to the larger Montreux Convention Centre. From 1995 through 2008, it occupied both the casino. Beginning with the 41st MJF in 2007, nightly performances of headliners were again moved to the Montreux Musique & Convention Centre, owing to logistics: the Casino is 1 kilometre from the Convention Centre, making it difficult for crew and technical personnel to travel through crowded streets from one venue to the other.
As of 2007, the Convention Centre hosts two main stages, Auditorium Stravinski and Miles Davis Hall, as well as the smaller Montreux Jazz Cafe, several smaller open-air stages around the Centre. Additional themed shows are held on boats cruising the lake and train cars traveling the region, various workshops and competitions are held at the nearby Montreux Palais and Le Petit Palais; the festival changed in the 1980s: it grew and included an wider variety of music styles. Jazz remained important, as did Brazilian music, but more rock and pop artists were invited. Miles Davis came to Montreux several times, British hard rock band Deep Purple were invited as headliners eight times, Status Quo have headlined the festival twice. Other notable artists at Montreux were Sandra Max Roach, James Brown, George Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic, Wynton Marsalis, Art Blakey, John McLaughlin, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Wayne Shorter, Al Di Meola, Elvis Costello, Jimmy Cliff, Steel Pulse, Mike Oldfield, Brian May, Marvin Gaye, Rory Gallagher, Leonard Cohen, Nina Hagen, Eric Clapton, Phil Collins, Joe Cocker, Los Lobos, The Manhattan Transfer, Tracy Chapman, Van Morrison again.
The expansion that began in the 1980s has continued since – Montreux transformed from a jazz festival into a world music festival. Quincy Jones co-produced the festival from 1991 to 1993. By 1993, the festival had moved to the larger Convention Centre; the number of visitors rose from 75,000 in 1980 to 120,000 in 1994, an "Off-festival" developed on the lakeshore promenades and in the cafés of Montreux. Many "regulars" returned, but many new artists appeared on stage: Sting, Bob Dylan, Fats Domino, Deep Purple, Al Jarreau, Chaka Khan, Johnny Cash, Cheap Trick, Cheb Mami, Youssou N'Dour, Marianne Faithfull, Ice-T, Jazzmatazz, ZZ Top, Simply Red, Marisa Monte, George Benson, Alanis Morissette, David Bowie, Paul Simon. In 1999, the festival saw more than
Coldplay are a British rock band formed in London in 1996. The four members, lead singer and pianist Chris Martin, lead guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman and drummer Will Champion were at University College London and came together from 1996 to 1998, during which time the band changed names from Pectoralz, to Starfish Coldplay. Creative director and former manager Phil Harvey is referred to as the fifth member by the band, they recorded and released two EPs: Safety in 1998 and The Blue Room in 1999. The latter was their first release on a major label, after signing to Parlophone. Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of the song "Yellow" in 2000, followed in the same year by their debut album Parachutes, nominated for the Mercury Prize; the band's second album, A Rush of Blood to the Head, was released to critical acclaim and won many awards, including NME's Album of the Year. Their next release, X&Y, the best-selling album worldwide in 2005, received positive reviews, though some critics felt it was inferior to its predecessor.
Their fourth studio album, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, the best-selling album worldwide of 2008, was produced by Brian Eno and released to positive reviews, earning three Grammy Awards. In October 2011, Coldplay released their fifth studio album, Mylo Xyloto, which topped the charts in over 34 countries, was the UK's best-selling rock album of 2011, received mixed reviews. In 2014, they released their sixth album, Ghost Stories, which received mixed reviews and topped several national album charts. In December 2015, the band released their seventh album, A Head Full of Dreams, which reached the top two in most major markets, but received mixed reviews. Coldplay have won numerous awards throughout their career, including nine Brit Awards, six MTV Video Music Awards, seven MTV Europe Music Awards and seven Grammy Awards from 29 nominations, they have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. Three of their albums: Parachutes, A Rush of Blood to the Head and X&Y are among the best-selling albums in UK chart history.
In December 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted the group the fourth-best artist of the 2000s. Coldplay have supported various social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International, they have performed at charity projects, including Band Aid 20, Live 8, Global Citizen Festival, Sound Relief, Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief, One Love Manchester, The Secret Policeman's Ball, Sport Relief and the UK Teenage Cancer Trust. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland first met during their orientation week at University College London in September 1996; the pair spent the rest of the university year planning a band forming a group called Pectoralz. Guy Berryman, a classmate of Martin and Buckland joined the group. By 1997, the group, who had renamed themselves Starfish, performed gigs for local Camden promoters at small clubs. Martin had recruited his longtime school friend Phil Harvey, studying classics at the University of Oxford, to be the band's manager.
Coldplay have since accepted Harvey as the fifth member of the group. The band's line-up was completed. Champion had grown up playing piano, guitar and tin whistle; the band settled on the name "Coldplay", suggested by Tim Crompton, a local student, using the name for his group. By 1997, Martin had met Classics student Tim Rice-Oxley. During a weekend in the English village Virginia Water in Surrey they asked each other to play their own songs on the piano. Martin, finding Rice-Oxley to be talented, asked him to be Coldplay's keyboard player but Rice-Oxley refused as his own band, was active. Days after, this event would shape the second line-up of Keane and keep Coldplay's unaltered, thus leaving both bands as quartets. In 1998, the band released 500 copies of the EP Safety. Most of the discs were given to record friends. In December of that year, Coldplay signed to the independent label Fierce Panda, their first release was the single "Brothers & Sisters", which they had recorded over four days in February 1999.
After completing their final examinations Coldplay signed a five-album contract with Parlophone in early 1999. After making their first appearance at Glastonbury the band went into the studio to record a second EP, titled The Blue Room. Five thousand copies were made available to the public in October, the single "Bigger Stronger" received BBC Radio 1 airplay; the recording sessions for The Blue Room were tumultuous. Champion was fired from the band, but Martin pleaded with him to return after kicking him out, because of his guilt, went on a drinking binge; the band worked out their differences and put in place a new set of rules to keep the group intact. Inspired by bands like U2 and R. E. M. Coldplay decided. Additionally, the band determined; the band planned to record their debut album in the space of two weeks. However and other live performances caused the recording to spread out between September 1999 and April–May 2000; the album was recorded at Rockfield Studios, Matrix Studios, Wessex Sound Studios with producer Ken Nelson, although the majority of Parachutes' tracks were recorded at Liverpool's Parr Street Studios.
The mixing process on all songs for the album was done by American engineer Michael Brauer in
Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2005
The Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the third Junior Eurovision Song Contest for young singers aged 8 to 15. On 26 November 2005, the contest was broadcast live from the Ethias Arena in Hasselt, Belgium, in a joint effort by the national broadcasters Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep and Radio télévision belge de la communauté française, in co-operation with the European Broadcasting Union. Belgium won the right to hold the contest over five other countries including Croatian Radiotelevision of Croatia and AVRO of the Netherlands. Marcel Vanthilt and Maureen Louys hosted the event; the show was not only broadcast live in the competing countries, it was available on satellite worldwide and the Australian television channel SBS who acquired the rights to broadcast the show one month later. The theme of the show was Let's Get Loud; the show was watched by 8,500 people in the arena, including the Belgian Prince Laurent and 20–25 million people around Europe. Belarus was the winner of this edition, with 10-year-old Ksenia Sitnik singing her song "My vmeste".
Last year's winner Spain finished with 2004 hosts Norway coming third. The Ethias Arena is the largest multipurpose arena in Hasselt, Belgium used for music concerts and other large events; the arena holds up to 21,600 people. Ethias Arena has a surface of 13,600 square meters. In 2015, it hosted the 2015 European Championship in a Professional Darts Corporation event; as many as twenty countries could have participated in this contest: Cyprus should have taken part but on 13 October, Cypriot broadcaster Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation announced their withdrawal after questions arose over the song's origins, with complaints stating that the song they had chosen appeared to be plagiarism. This did not affect their ability to take part in the voting. In addition and Ukraine had planned on entering but withdrew. Georgia had wanted to appear but missed the participation deadline for the contest. Interest was stated by Monaco with Phil Bosco the Head of Delegation for Monaco, telling esctoday.com that "The Minister of State was interested in the proposal".
The public broadcasters of Switzerland and Poland didn't send candidates for financial reasons. France didn't join because of restructuring within the channel. Russia and Serbia and Montenegro made their debut in the competition this year. Poland would stay away from the competition for 12 years until 2016. France will return to the contest in 2018. Televote 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point; the presenters started off by giving all contestants 12 points. Below is a summary of all 12 points received: All countries were given 12 points at the start of voting; this was so no country got nul points. Albania – TBC Australia – No commentator Israel – No commentator Portugal – Eládio Clímaco Ukraine – Timur Miroshnychenko Junior Eurovision Song Contest: Hasselt 2005, is a compilation album put together by the European Broadcasting Union, was released by Universal Music Group on November 2005; the album features all the songs from the 2005 contest. Eurovision Song Contest 2005 Eurovision Young Dancers 2005 Official website
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings; the word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano. The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" in this context referring to the variations in volume produced in response to a pianist's touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack; the name was created as a contrast to harpsichord, a musical instrument that doesn't allow variation in volume. The first fortepianos in the 1700s had smaller dynamic range.
An acoustic piano has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, which are strung under great tension on a heavy metal frame. Pressing one or more keys on the piano's keyboard causes a padded hammer to strike the strings; the hammer rebounds from the strings, the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air; when the key is released, a damper stops the strings' vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs, by the use of pedals at the base of the instrument; the sustain pedal enables pianists to play musical passages that would otherwise be impossible, such as sounding a 10-note chord in the lower register and while this chord is being continued with the sustain pedal, shifting both hands to the treble range to play a melody and arpeggios over the top of this sustained chord.
Unlike the pipe organ and harpsichord, two major keyboard instruments used before the piano, the piano allows gradations of volume and tone according to how forcefully a performer presses or strikes the keys. Most modern pianos have a row of 88 black and white keys, 52 white keys for the notes of the C major scale and 36 shorter black keys, which are raised above the white keys, set further back on the keyboard; this means that the piano can play 88 different pitches, going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble. The black keys are for the "accidentals". More some pianos have additional keys. Most notes have three strings, except for the bass; the strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. Although an acoustic piano has strings, it is classified as a percussion instrument rather than as a stringed instrument, because the strings are struck rather than plucked. There are two main types of piano: the upright piano.
The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music, art song, it is used in jazz and pop concerts. The upright piano, more compact, is the most popular type, as it is a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making and practice. During the 1800s, influenced by the musical trends of the Romantic music era, innovations such as the cast iron frame and aliquot stringing gave grand pianos a more powerful sound, with a longer sustain and richer tone. In the nineteenth century, a family's piano played the same role that a radio or phonograph played in the twentieth century. During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many musical works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play and hear the popular pieces of the day in their home; the piano is employed in classical, jazz and popular music for solo and ensemble performances and for composing and rehearsals. Although the piano is heavy and thus not portable and is expensive, its musical versatility, the large number of musicians and amateurs trained in playing it, its wide availability in performance venues and rehearsal spaces have made it one of the Western world's most familiar musical instruments.
With technological advances, amplified electric pianos, electronic pianos, digital pianos have been developed. The electric piano became a popular instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music and rock music; the piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments. Pipe organs have been used since Antiquity, as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches; the first string instruments with struck strings were the hammered dul
Christopher Anthony John Martin is an English singer, musician, record producer, philanthropist. He is the lead co-founder of the rock band Coldplay. Born in Exeter in Devon, Martin went to University College London where he formed a rock band with Jonny Buckland in 1996 called Pectoralz, renamed Coldplay in 1998. Martin, along with the other Coldplay members, achieved worldwide fame with the release of the band's single "Yellow" in 2000, a song that earned the band their first Grammy Award nomination in the Grammy Award for Best Rock Song; the band garnered critical acclaim and several accolades for their subsequent albums including A Rush of Blood to the Head and Viva la Vida, winning a Grammy Award for both and a Brit Award for the former. Coldplay has sold over 90 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. One of the highest profile musicians in British popular culture, Martin appeared on Debrett's 2017 list of the most influential people in the United Kingdom.
Christopher Anthony John Martin was born on 2 March 1977 in Exeter, England, is the oldest of five children. His father, Anthony John Martin, of Whitestone House, Exeter, is a retired accountant, his mother, Alison Martin, is a music teacher, his family's caravan and motorhome sales business, Martins of Exeter, was founded by his grandfather John Besley Martin, C. B. E. in 1929, sold by his father to a former employee in 1999. William Willett, the man who campaigned for and made daylight saving time a recognised practice, was Martin's great-great-grandfather. Martin's paternal aunt Elisabeth Jane married Hon. Julian George Winston Sandys, son of Conservative politician Edwin Duncan Sandys, Baron Duncan-Sandys by his wife Diana Churchill, daughter of Prime Minister Winston Churchill; the Conservative politician David Martin is his father's brother. Martin was educated at the pre-preparatory Hylton School and the preparatory Exeter Cathedral School where he found his passion for music. After Exeter Cathedral School, Martin boarded at Sherborne School in Dorset, where he met future Coldplay manager Phil Harvey.
Martin continued his studies at University College London, staying at Ramsay Hall, where he read Ancient World Studies and graduated with first-class honours in Greek and Latin. At UCL, Martin met his future Coldplay bandmates Guy Berryman and Will Champion. While studying at University College London, Martin met Jonny Buckland with whom he decided to form a band—Martin as lead singer and Buckland as lead guitarist, they were joined by Guy Berryman as their drummer. In 1996, they formed the rock band Coldplay known as Pectoralz changed to Starfish temporarily until they were offered the name Coldplay by another band who did not want the name anymore. Since the release of their debut album Parachutes in 2000, the band has had internationally recognised fame and success, their song Yellow from Parachutes entered the charts at Number 4, the hit carried Coldplay to their aforementioned fame. To date, they have released seven studio albums in total including Parachutes, A Rush of Blood to the Head, X&Y, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, Mylo Xyloto, Ghost Stories, A Head Full of Dreams.
They released several EP's at the beginning of their creation including Safety and The Blue Room. As a solo artist, Martin has written songs for a variety of acts including Jamelia. Martin has collaborated with Ron Sexsmith, the Streets, Ian McCulloch, he sang a part of the vocals for the Band Aid 20 single, "Do They Know It's Christmas?" at the end of 2004. In 2005, Martin collaborated with Nelly Furtado on the track "All Good Things", for her 2006 album, Loose; the two were once rumoured to be a couple, after they both performed at Glastonbury in 2002. Nelly Furtado joked about it, saying, "Yeah, he's my boyfriend—he just doesn't know it yet". Martin's fascination with hip hop was shown in mid-2006 when he collaborated with rapper Jay-Z for the rapper's comeback album Kingdom Come after the two met earlier in the year. Martin put some chords together for a song known as "Beach Chair" and sent them to Jay-Z who enlisted the help of hip-hop producer Dr. Dre to mix it. Coldplay producer Rik Simpson performed the drum beats.
The song was performed on 27 September 2006 by the two during Jay-Z's European tour at Royal Albert Hall. Martin has worked on a solo collaboration with Kanye West, with whom he shared an impromptu jam session during a 2006 concert at Abbey Road Studios, he performed the chorus of "Homecoming", from Kanye West's album Graduation. In 2015, Martin collaborated with producer and DJ Avicii to work on two new tracks for his album, Stories, their first collaboration is named "Heaven". Martin wrote the lyrics, Avicii did the production, Simon Aldred of Cherry Ghost was the vocalist, he provided the vocals for Avicii's True Believer in his Stories album. In September 2016, the Chainsmokers shared two short clips of an upcoming song featuring vocals from Martin; the song, "Something Just Like This", was released on 22 February 2017, has reached number 3 peak on the US Billboard Hot 100. In February 2017, Martin performed A Different Corner on the Brit Awards in honor to George Michael A song he co-wrote called "Homesick" appears on Dua Lipa's self-titled debut album, released in June 2017.
The main influence on Martin and Coldplay is the Scottish rock band Travis, with Martin crediting the band for the creation of
Royal Northern College of Music
The Royal Northern College of Music is one of the leading conservatoires in the world, located in Manchester, England. It is one of four conservatoires associated with the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music. In addition to being a centre of music education, RNCM is one of the UK's busiest and most diverse public performance venues; the RNCM has a rich history, dating back to the late 19th century and the establishment of the Royal Manchester College of Music. In 1858, Sir Charles Hallé founded the Hallé orchestra in Manchester, by the early 1890s had raised the idea of a music college in the city. Following an appeal for support, a building on Ducie Street was secured, Hallé was appointed Principal and Queen Victoria conferred the Royal title; the RMCM opened its doors to 80 students in 1893. Less than four decades in 1920, the Northern School of Music was established, for many years the two institutions peacefully coexisted, it wasn't until 1955 that NSM Principal, Hilda Collens, in recognising the importance of performance in training students, met with RMCM Principal, Frederic Cox, to raise the question of merging.
Discussions continued until September 1967 when a Joint Committee was formed to oversee plans to combine the two colleges. The RNCM was formed in 1972, moving to its purpose-built home on Oxford Road in 1973. 2013 marked the 40th anniversary year of the RNCM. The college building was built between 1968 and 1973 by architects Bickerdike, Allen and extended 30 years later; the college offers both undergraduate and postgraduate taught programmes in musical performance and composition. In association with Manchester Metropolitan University the college offers research degrees in musical performance, composition and music psychology as part of its Graduate School and confers awards at Companion and Member level. In January 2005, the RNCM was awarded £4.5 million by the Higher Education Funding Council for England to become a recognised Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning, the only UK conservatoire to be selected. The RNCM has 770 students and 320 teaching staff, the majority of whom are part-time visiting tutors.
Many of the staff teach at the Junior RNCM, a Saturday music school for talented young musicians who are keen on pursuing a musical career. The college is divided into 6 schools by area of specialisation. School of Composition School of Keyboard Studies School of Strings School of Vocal Studies and Opera School of Wind, Brass & Percussion Popular MusicThere is a School of Conducting within its Graduate School; the RNCM students' union is the main student-run organisation. Besides representing the study body, the RNCMSU plans and organises social programmes and provides peer support for students; the RNCMSU is member of the National Union of Students. There is a large residential hall, Sir Charles Groves Hall, located next to the campus, managed by Liberty Living. Alternatively, students may choose to rent a flat at the Manchester Student Homes, the sole provider of housing for university students in Manchester. Category:Alumni of the Royal Northern College of Music Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music Conservatoires UK Hallé Orchestra Bridgewater Hall Chetham's School of Music Kennedy, Michael The History of the Royal Manchester College of Music.
Manchester University Press Royal Manchester College of Music Archive: National Archives View of the college Royal Northern College of Music