CBC Television is a Canadian English language broadcast television network, owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952, its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. All of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free. CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports and children's programming. On October 9, 2006 at 6:00 a.m. the network switched to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to transition to such a schedule.
Most CBC-owned stations signed off the air during the early morning hours. Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC News Network in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News Channel, the CBC uses the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series and other programming from the CBC library, its French counterpart, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, still signs off every night. While there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today, for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations only broadcast 30 to 90 minutes a day of locally produced newscasts, no other local programming; until 1998, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global. Since it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, a few American movies and off-network repeats.
Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007-08 season, popular series such as Little Mosque on the Prairie and The Border helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade. In 2002, CBC Television and CBC News Network became the first broadcasters in Canada that are required to provide closed captioning for all of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, billboards and other internal programming must be captioned; the requirement stems from a human rights complaint filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug, settled in 2002. Under the CBC's current arrangement with Rogers Communications for National Hockey League broadcast rights, Hockey Night in Canada broadcasts on CBC-owned stations and affiliates are not technically aired over the CBC Television network, but over a separate CRTC-licensed part-time network operated by Rogers.
This was required by the CRTC as Rogers exercises editorial control and sells all advertising time during the HNIC broadcasts though the CBC bug and promos for other CBC Television programs appear throughout HNIC. The CBC's flagship newscast, The National, airs Sunday through Fridays at 10:00 p.m. local time and Saturdays at 6:00 p.m. EST; until October 2006, CBC owned-and-operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11:00 p.m.. This second airing was replaced with other programming, as of the 2012-13 television season, was replaced on CBC's major market stations by a half-hour late newscast. There is a short news update, at most, on late Saturday evenings. During hockey season, this update is found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on Hockey Night in Canada; the show is simultaneously broadcasts rolling coverage from CBC News Network from noon to 1 p.m. local time in most time zones. In addition to the mentioned late local newscasts, CBC stations in most markets fill early evenings with local news programs from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. while most stations air a single local newscast on weekend evenings.
Weekly newsmagazine the fifth estate is a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as Doc Zone. One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, Hockey Night in Canada, it has been televised by the network since 1952. During the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic movies, branded as Movie Night in Canada, on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues. Other than hockey, CBC Sports properties include Toronto Raptors basketball, Toronto FC Soccer, various other amateur and professional
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
The Gemini Awards were awards given by the Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television to recognize the achievements of Canada's television industry. The Gemini Awards are analogous to the Emmy Awards given in the United States and the BAFTA Television Awards in the United Kingdom. First held in 1986 to replace the ACTRA Award, the ceremony celebrated Canadian television productions with awards in 87 categories, along with other special awards such as lifetime achievement awards. In April 2012, the Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television announced that the Gemini Awards and the Genie Awards would be discontinued and replaced by a new award ceremony dedicated to all forms of Canadian media, including television and digital media; the first Canadian Screen Awards were held on 4 March 2013. The Geminis covered only English-language productions; the Academy organizes a separate awards show for French productions known as the Prix Gémeaux. Best Music Video Academy Achievement Award - general lifetime honour, inaugurated in 1996 Donald Brittain Award - for the best political or social documentary Canada Award - began in 1988 as the Multiculturalism Award, this is award "honours excellence in mainstream television programming that reflects the racial and cultural diversity of Canada."
Margaret Collier Award - lifetime writing honour John Drainie Award - broadcasting, not awarded every year Humanitarian Award - inaugurated in 2001, recipients to date: Donald Martin Wendy Crewson Max Keeping George R. Robertson Royal Canadian Air Farce Gordon Sinclair Award for Broadcast Journalism - for television journalists who make outstanding contributions Official website Townend, Paul. "Gemini Awards". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 2007-10-21
Sum 41 is a Canadian rock band from Ajax, Ontario. A band called Kaspir, the band was formed in 1996 and consists of lead vocalist and keyboardist Deryck Whibley and backing vocalist Dave Baksh, guitarist and backing vocalist Tom Thacker and backing vocalist Jason McCaslin, drummer Frank Zummo. In 1999, Sum 41 signed an international record deal with Island Records and released its first EP, Half Hour of Power, in 2000; the band released its debut album, All Killer No Filler, in 2001. The album achieved mainstream success with its first single, "Fat Lip", which reached number one on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart and remains the band's most successful single to date; the album's next singles "In Too Deep" and "Motivation" achieved commercial success. All Killer No Filler was certified Platinum in the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2002, the band released Does This Look Infected?, a commercial and critical success. The singles "The Hell Song" and "Still Waiting" both charted on the modern rock charts.
The band released its next album, Chuck, in 2004, led by singles "We're All to Blame" and "Pieces". The album proved successful, peaking at number 10 on the Billboard 200. In 2007, the band released Underclass Hero, met with a mixed reception, but gained some commercial success, becoming the band's highest charting album to date, it was the band's last album on Aquarius Records. The band released the album Screaming Bloody Murder, on Island Records in 2011 to a positive reception, though it fell short of its predecessors' commercial success; the band's sixth studio album, 13 Voices was released in 2016. |Impala]] awarded the album with a double gold award for 150,000 sold copies across Europe. The band performs more than 300 times each year and holds long global tours, most of which last more than a year; the group have been nominated for seven Juno Awards and won twice – Group of the Year in 2002, Rock Album of the Year for Chuck in 2005. Sum 41 was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance for the song "Blood in My Eyes".
Sum 41 was formed by lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist Deryck Whibley and drummer Steve Jocz, under the name Kaspir after Whibley convinced Jocz to join his band. Jocz was a drummer in another band and Whibley was convinced that "he was the best drummer around". After having several lead guitarists and lead vocalists try out for the band, the duo added Dave Baksh as lead guitarist in order for Whibley to take over as lead vocalist; the group went through several bassists before picking Jason McCaslin to complete its line-up. The group members decided to change the band's name for a Supernova show on September 28, 1996, which happened to be the 41st day of their summer vacation. In 1998, the band recorded a demo tape on compact cassette which they sent to record companies in the hope of getting a recording contract; the tapes are considered rarities. From 1999 to 2000, the band recorded several new songs; the Introduction to Destruction and the Cross The T's and Gouge Your I's DVDs both contain the self-recorded footage, which show the band performing a dance to "Makes No Difference" in front of a theatre.
Sum 41's first EP, Half Hour of Power, was released on June 27, 2000. The first single released by the band was "Makes No Difference", which had two different music videos; the first video was put together using the video clips sent to the record label, the second showed the band performing at a house party. The album was certified gold in Canada. Following the success of the EP, the band began working on its first full-length album. Sum 41's first full-length album, All Killer No Filler, was released on May 8, 2001; the album was successful. "Fat Lip", the album's first single, achieved commercial success. The song remains the band's most successful to date. After "Fat Lip", two more singles were released from the album: "In Too Deep" and "Motivation". "In Too Deep" peaked at number 10 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, while "Motivation" peaked at number 24 on the same chart. The album peaked at number 13 on the Billboard 200 chart and at number nine on the Top Canadian Albums chart; the album was a commercial success, was certified Platinum in the United States, Canada and in the UK.
The album's name was taken from the initial reaction from Joe Mcgrath, an engineer working in the studio. The success of the album brought the band touring offers with mainstream bands such as Blink-182 and The Offspring; the band spent much of 2001 touring. On November 26, 2002, the group released its second album, Does This Look Infected? The special edition came with Cross The T's and Gouge Your I's. Whibley said of the album: "We don't want to make another record that sounds like the last record, I hate when bands repeat albums." The album featured a harder and edgier sound, the lyrics featured a more serious outlook. The album peaked at number 32 on the Billboard 200 chart and at number eight on the Top Canadian Albums chart, it was certified Platinum in Canada and gold in the United States, but was not as successful as its predecessor. The first single released from the album was "Still Waiting", which peaked at number seven on the Modern Rock Tracks chart; the second single, "The Hell Song" peaked at number 13 on the chart.
"The Hell Song"'s music video depicted the band members using dolls with their pictures on them and others, such as Ozzy Osbourne and Pamela Anders