Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Annezay is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anneziens or Anneziennes Annezay is located some 12 km south-east of Surgères and 16 km north-west of Saint-Jean-d'Angély. Access is by the D118 road from Saint-Crépin in the south-west passing through the west of the commune and continuing north to Chervettes. There is the D213 from the village east to Saint-Loup; the D107E2 road passes through the east of the commune from the D107 in the north to Tonnay-Boutonne in the south. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Le Grand Vivroux and Le Tramaillou in the commune. Apart from a few small patches of forest the commune is farmland. There are two small unnamed streams south of the village. List of Successive Mayors Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Annezay and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE. The Church of Saint Peter contains a Chasuble and Maniple that are registered as an historical object. Communes of the Charente-Maritime department Annezay on the National Geographic Institute website Annezay on Lion1906 Annezay on Google Maps Annezay on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Annezay on the 1750 Cassini Map Annezay on the INSEE website INSEE
Avy is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France. Communes of the Charente-Maritime department INSEE
Aumagne is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France. Communes of the Charente-Maritime department INSEE
Gare de Bordeaux-Saint-Jean
Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux. It is the southern terminus of the Paris–Bordeaux railway, the western terminus of the Chemins de fer du Midi main line from Toulouse; the current station building opened in 1898. As well as Midi trains, the station accepted trains from the État; the station was built by S Choron. The station building, situated in Bordeaux city centre at the end of the Cours de la Marne, appears from the front as three parts; the middle part separates the arrivals and departures halls. All three parts are parallel to the platforms; the station buildings hide a large trainshed, built by Gustave Eiffel, 56 m wide and covers 17,000 m². Since the arrival of the TGV the station has been renovated and upgraded with modern equipment, but has kept its original features; the great hall has a large map of the network of the Midi on one of the walls and reminds passengers of the origins of the station. The station is the main railway interchange in Aquitaine and links Bordeaux to Paris, Sète, Toulouse Matabiau and Spain.
A long metal viaduct built by Eiffel was used to carry the railway over the River Garonne but this two-track bridge became a bottleneck and a new four-track railway bridge was built next to it. The following services call at Bordeaux-Saint-Jean as of January 2018: High speed services Paris - Bordeaux - Dax - Lourdes - Tarbes High speed services Paris - Bordeaux - Dax - Bayonne - Biarritz - Hendaye High speed services Paris - Bordeaux - Agen - Toulouse High speed services Paris - Bordeaux - Arcachon High speed services Paris - Tours - Poitiers - Angoulême - Bordeaux High speed services Lille - Aéroport CDG - Tours - Bordeaux High speed services Strasbourg - Aéroport CDG - Tours - Bordeaux Intercity services Bordeaux - Toulouse - Montpellier - Marseille Intercity services Bordeaux - Périgueux - Limoges Intercity services Bordeaux - Périgueux - Brive-la-Gaillarde - Ussel Intercity services Nantes - La Rochelle - Bordeaux local service Bordeaux - Libourne - Angoulême local service Bordeaux - Libourne - Mussidan - Périgueux local service Bordeaux - Libourne - Bergerac - Sarlat-la-Canéda local service Bordeaux - Arcachon local service Bordeaux - Lesparre - Le Verdon local service Bordeaux - Morcenx - Mont-de-Marsan local service Bordeaux - Langon - Marmande - Agen local service Bordeaux - Dax - Bayonne - Hendaye local service Bordeaux - Saintes - La Rochelle From January 2nd 2019 for 9 months Line 26 will be under major work rail replacement to became suitable and safe for the new trains, Between Libourne and Le Bussion Via Bergerac will be replaced by coaches.
Bordeaux - Libourne Libourne - Bordeaux Le Buisson De Cadouin - Sarlat Sarlat - Le Buisson Trains on the Angouleme, Perigueux and Brive lines via Libourne are not affected and are operating on their lines as normal. Gare de Bordeaux État Gare de Bordeaux Passerelle Gare de Bordeaux Bastide Gare de Bordeaux Ravezies Gare de Bordeaux Brienne Gare de Bordeaux Bénauge Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean
Authon-Ébéon is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Authonaises. Authon-Ébéon is located in the north-east of the department of Charente-Maritime some 25 km north-east of Saintes and 20 km south-east of Saint-Jean-d'Angély and is in the former province of Saintonge; the village is at the crossroads of the D120 from Sainte-Même in the north to Migron in the south and the D134 from Brizambourg in the west to Courcerac in the east. The D129 forms the north-western border of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Ebeon in the north; the commune is farmland with some small scattered forests. Geologically the commune is on a limestone plateau from the Tithonian period; the commune vineyards are located in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée cognac zone for Cru des Fins Bois. Authon-Ébéon is in the Drainage basin of the Charente. Authon is crossed by the Dandelot, it joins a tributary of the Charente, just downstream of Cognac.
Ébéon was along the Saintes-Aulnay-Poitiers Roman road, along, the "Ébéon beacon". Authon was the seat of a fief held by the Authon family from 1130 to 1450; the Motte-and-bailey castle was 100 metres from the present castle. Seguin d'Authon, a vassal of the Counts of Taillebourg, was a Crusader in 1130 and Roland d'Authon was a companion of Saint Louis in the Holy Land. Seguin, who died in 1395, was Archbishop of Tours. Jean d'Authon was chaplain and official historian for King Louis XII. Antoine was a corsair. In the early 17th century the barons of Authon were hereditary seneschals of Saintonge. In 1627 Jean d'Authon was killed in a duel and his widow Judith de Nosan sold the barony and the land at Ébéon, attached to it, it was redeemed by her mother. In 1651, during the Fronde, Condé imprisoned Jean-Seguin d'Authon; the state of the parishes of 1686 show that the parish of Authon had the Baron of Authon as lord and the parish of Esbuon had 25 fires and Mr. Naussay as lord; the land in the two parishes produced two-thirds cereals and one third wine.
In 1791 Authon was looted and burned and the north wing of the castle disappeared. The communes of Authon and Ébéon were created in 1793 in the department of Lower Charente which became Charente-Maritime in 1941, they were part of the district of Saint-Jean-d'Angély in its arrondissement in 1801 passed to Saintes arrondissement in 1926 before returning to that of Saint-Jean-d'Angély in 1943. After having been part of the Canton of Brisambourg in 1793, it joined the Caton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche in 1801. By a decree dated 12 December 1972 with effect from 1 January 1973, Ebéon joined Authon to form the commune Authon-Ébéon. List of Successive Mayors Together with nine other communes the commune is part of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche and with the commune of Écoyeux belongs to the Community of communes of the Canton of Saint-Hilaire-de-Villefranche. Taxation is at a rate of 11.97% for housing tax, 16.63% for developed land, 54.30% for undeveloped, 15% for business tax plus the community of communes fee on all four taxes 2.50%, 4.57%, 10.99% and 3.24% gives the total, before adding for the department and the region, of 14.47% for housing, 21.20% for developed land, 65.29% for undeveloped land, 18.24% business tax.
In 2010 the commune had 390 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 N. B. Prior to 1975 the table shows the total populations for the two communes; the population of the town is old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years is higher than the national average and the departmental average. Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population. Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Authon-Ébéon and Charente-Maritime Department in 2010 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2010, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2010, INSEE. A trade in brooms existed in the 19th century.
The economy is agricultural with grapes, plant nurseries, organic crops, cattle pastures. The monthly fair is on the third Monday in the month; the commune has 145 employable people with an unemployment rate of 12.7%. Of the 145 employable people, 81 are men and 64 are women of which 98 are employees and 47 are not; the commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The Pyramid The "beacon" of Ebéon is called the "Pyramid" and is a Gallo-Roman remains at a place called "Bois-Charmand". This beacon or tomb still forms 6 metres in diameter. According to a local legend it was the work of fairies: three "ladies", they used an enchanted hammer that they bounced forth to each other through the air. It hit the youngest in the forehead and she was killed. There is another well-preserved tower or stack near Saujon: the Tour de Pirelongue; the Chateau of Authon. The
Arvert is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alvertonnes. Arvert is located some 14 km north-west of Royan and 8 km south of Marennes in the heart of the Peninsula of Arvert and the Royannnais Natural Region in the continental section of the Côte de Beauté and near the famous Marennes-Oléron Oyster basin between the Seudre and the Atlantic Ocean. There are two oyster ports in the commune: Grève à Duret; the commune is the centre of a conurbation comprising La Tremblade, Étaules, Chaillevette and could be considered part of the outlying "suburbs" of Royan, the main urban centre and economic hub of the area. Administratively it is part of the Arrondissement of Rochefort. Access to the commune is by the D14 main road running north-west to south-east connecting La Tremblade to Saujon and passing north-west of the town. Access to the town is by the D14E1 road from La Tremblade through the town to Étaules.
The D141 connects the town to the D14 and continues south-west to Les Mathes. The D25 starts in the commune and bypasses La Tremblade to the north and continues to Ronce-les-Bains; the D268 goes west to the beaches on the west coast. As a significant economic and tourism centre, Arvert is located close to several large urban centres: Royan and Saintes. To a lesser extent, La Rochelle and Bordeaux are large regional cities whose influence remains strong. Arvert is close to many small centres of lesser importance: Étaules and La Tremblade, which form a single urban area. Arvert with the rest of the department belongs to the Southern France area - or more "South Atlantic"; the commune lies within two major geographical areas: the Grand-Ouest and the Grand South-West. Arvert has an area of 2,622 hectares consisting of agricultural land and reclaimed land; the eastern part of the commune directly borders the Seudre estuary and is made up of oyster farms within the famous Marennes-Oléron basin. The countryside consists of humid green meadows and extensive gray-blue mudflats highlighted by golden lines of reeds and aquatic plants with, in line of sight, the Marennes steeple forming a landmark.
The commune has a low relief, being formed of a Cretaceous plateau with a wavy border against the Seudre marshlands. It is dry drained by small rivers; the highest point of the commune exceeds 25 metres. The plateau rises to 12 metres at Martichou, 17 metres in front of the church, 20 metres at Maine-Amouroux, 22 metres near the school; the commune has a network of bicycle paths as part of the "Pathways of Seudre" - a collaboration between the Department Council, the Agglomeration Community Royan Atlantique, the Community of communes of the Marennes basin. The network has been operated since 2007 and allows the exploration of oyster farms and the Seudre Marsh landscape; the town is served by the Cara'Bus public transport network which connects to other communes in the Royannaise agglomeration. It was inaugurated on 2 January 2006 under the name " Très Royannais" and was composed of hybrid minibuses, it has been operated since September 2008 by the Veolia Transport company and was renamed "Cara'Bus" since then.
A modernization of the urban transport network in the agglomeration on 5 January 2009 led to the purchase of Heuliez shuttle buses as well as increasing the number of regular routes from three to ten with three additional routes in summer. Five Cara'Bus stops are located in the commune: Maine-Giraud, Arvert-Mairie, Les Fouilloux, L'Étrade, Le Petit Pont at the exit from the town on the border of Les Mathes and La Tremblade. Three bus routes serve the commune: Route 42 starts at Étaules passing all the stops in the commune and going to La Tremblade, Ronce-les-Bains, Marennes; the commune is served by the Les Mouettes departmental transport company, more by the routes 409, 410, 411 which connect Breuillet to Bourcefranc-le-Chapus via Étaules, La Tremblade, Marennes. This service links to the main cities of the department; the nearest airport is that of Rochefort Saint-Agnant, about 25 kilometres north. The La Rochelle – Île de Ré Airport, 50 kilometres north, has services to some major French cities such as Paris and Lyon as well as the British Isles and Northern Europe.
About 100 kilometres south-east of the commune, Bordeaux - Merignac Airport is an international airport with connections to many countries. The Royan – Médis Aerodrome, about 17 kilometres south-east, is reserved for light aviation; the name Arvert comes from the Latin artum meaning a "narrow place" and viride meaning "green". Arvert has been inhabited since Neolithic times, the site of the present commune of Arver