Baltimore is the largest city in the state of Maryland within the United States. Baltimore was established by the Constitution of Maryland as an independent city in 1729. With a population of 611,648 in 2017, Baltimore is the largest such independent city in the United States; as of 2017, the population of the Baltimore metropolitan area was estimated to be just under 2.808 million, making it the 20th largest metropolitan area in the country. Baltimore is located about 40 miles northeast of Washington, D. C. making it a principal city in the Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area, the fourth-largest CSA in the nation, with a calculated 2017 population of 9,764,315. Baltimore is the second-largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic; the city's Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States. In addition, Baltimore was a major manufacturing center. After a decline in major manufacturing, heavy industry, restructuring of the rail industry, Baltimore has shifted to a service-oriented economy.
Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins University are the city's top two employers. With hundreds of identified districts, Baltimore has been dubbed a "city of neighborhoods." Famous residents have included writers Edgar Allan Poe, Edith Hamilton, Frederick Douglass, Ogden Nash, H. L. Mencken. During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner" in Baltimore after the bombardment of Fort McHenry, his poem popularized as a song. Baltimore has more public statues and monuments per capita than any other city in the country, is home to some of the earliest National Register Historic Districts in the nation, including Fell's Point, Federal Hill, Mount Vernon; these were added to the National Register between 1969–1971, soon after historic preservation legislation was passed. Nearly one third of the city's buildings are designated as historic in the National Register, more than any other U. S. city. The city has 33 local historic districts. Over 65,000 properties are designated as historic buildings and listed in the NRHP, more than any other U.
S. city. The historical records of the government of Baltimore are located at the Baltimore City Archives; the city is named after Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore of the Irish House of Lords and founding proprietor of the Province of Maryland. Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford on which the Calvert family lived in Ireland. Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Tí Mhóir, meaning "town of the big house." The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, when Paleo-Indians first settled in the region. One Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period. During the Late Woodland period, the archaeological culture, called the "Potomac Creek complex" resided in the area from Baltimore south to the Rappahannock River in present-day Virginia. In the early 1600s, the immediate Baltimore vicinity was sparsely populated, if at all, by Native Americans.
The Baltimore County area northward was used as hunting grounds by the Susquehannock living in the lower Susquehanna River valley. This Iroquoian-speaking people "controlled all of the upper tributaries of the Chesapeake" but "refrained from much contact with Powhatan in the Potomac region" and south into Virginia. Pressured by the Susquehannock, the Piscataway tribe, an Algonquian-speaking people, stayed well south of the Baltimore area and inhabited the north bank of the Potomac River in what are now Charles and southern Prince George's counties in the coastal areas south of the Fall Line. European colonization of Maryland began with the arrival of an English ship at St. Clement's Island in the Potomac River on March 25, 1634. Europeans began to settle the area further north, beginning to populate the area of Baltimore County; the original county seat, known today as "Old Baltimore", was located on Bush River within the present-day Aberdeen Proving Ground. The colonists engaged in sporadic warfare with the Susquehanna, whose numbers dwindled from new infectious diseases, such as smallpox, endemic among the Europeans.
In 1661 David Jones claimed the area known today as Jonestown on the east bank of the Jones Falls stream. The colonial General Assembly of Maryland created the Port of Baltimore at old Whetstone Point in 1706 for the tobacco trade; the Town of Baltimore, on the west side of the Jones Falls, was founded and laid out on July 30, 1729. By 1752 the town had just 27 homes, including two taverns. Jonestown and Fells Point had been settled to the east; the three settlements, covering 60 acres, became a commercial hub, in 1768 were designated as the county seat. Being a colony, the Baltimore street names were laid out to demonstrate loyalty to the mother country. For example King George, King and Caroline streets. Baltimore grew swiftly in the 18th century, its plantations producing grain and tobacco for sugar-producing colonies in the Caribbean; the profit from sugar encouraged the cultivation of cane in the Caribbean and the importation of food by planters there. As noted, Baltimore was as the county seat, in 1768 a courthouse was built to serve both the city and county.
Its square was a center of community discussions. Baltimore established its public market system in 1763. Lexington Market, founded in 1782, i
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, the District of Columbia to its south and west. The state's largest city is Baltimore, its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, the Chesapeake Bay State, it is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary. Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties border the tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U. S. it features a variety of climates and topographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography and history combines elements of the Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic regions of the country. One of the original Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain, Maryland was founded by George Calvert, a Catholic convert who sought to provide a religious haven for Catholics persecuted in England.
In 1632, Charles I of England granted Calvert a colonial charter, naming the colony after his wife, Queen Mary. Unlike the Pilgrims and Puritans, who enforced religious conformity in their settlements, Calvert envisioned a colony where people of different religious sects would coexist under the principle of toleration. Accordingly, in 1649 the Maryland General Assembly passed an Act Concerning Religion, which enshrined this principle by penalizing anyone who "reproached" a fellow Marylander based on religious affiliation. Religious strife was common in the early years, Catholics remained a minority, albeit in greater numbers than in any other English colony. Maryland's early settlements and population centers clustered around rivers and other waterways that empty into the Chesapeake Bay, its economy was plantation-based, centered on the cultivation of tobacco. The need for cheap labor led to a rapid expansion of indentured servants, penal labor, African slaves. In 1760, Maryland's current boundaries took form following the settlement of a long-running border dispute with Pennsylvania.
Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution, by 1776 its delegates signed the Declaration of Independence. Many of its citizens subsequently played key military roles in the war. In 1790, the state ceded land for the establishment of the U. S. capital of Washington, D. C. Although a slave state, Maryland remained in the Union during the U. S. Civil War, its strategic location giving it a significant role in the conflict. After the war, Maryland took part in the Industrial Revolution, driven by its seaports, railroad networks, mass immigration from Europe. Since the Second World War, the state's population has grown to six million residents, it is among the most densely populated states in the nation; as of 2015, Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, owing in large part to its close proximity to Washington, D. C. and a diversified economy spanning manufacturing, higher education, biotechnology. Maryland has been ranked as one of the best governed states in the country.
The state's central role in American history is reflected by its hosting of some of the highest numbers of historic landmarks per capita. Maryland is comparable in overall area with Belgium, it is the 42nd largest and 9th smallest state and is closest in size to the state of Hawaii, the next smaller state. The next larger state, its neighbor West Virginia, is twice the size of Maryland. Maryland possesses a variety of topography within its borders, contributing to its nickname America in Miniature, it ranges from sandy dunes dotted with seagrass in the east, to low marshlands teeming with wildlife and large bald cypress near the Chesapeake Bay, to rolling hills of oak forests in the Piedmont Region, pine groves in the Maryland mountains to the west. Maryland is bounded on its north by Pennsylvania, on its west by West Virginia, on its east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, on its south, across the Potomac River, by West Virginia and Virginia; the mid-portion of this border is interrupted by District of Columbia, which sits on land, part of Montgomery and Prince George's counties and including the town of Georgetown, Maryland.
This land was ceded to the United States Federal Government in 1790 to form the District of Columbia.. The Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state and the counties east of the bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore. Most of the state's waterways are part of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, with the exceptions of a tiny portion of extreme western Garrett County, the eastern half of Worcester County, a small portion of the state's northeast corner. So prominent is the Chesapeake in Maryland's geography and economic life that there has been periodic agitation to change the state's official nickname to the "Bay State", a nickname, used by Massachusetts for decades; the highest point in Maryland, with an elevation of 3,360 feet, is Hoye Crest on Backbone Mountain, in the southwest corner of Garrett County, near the bo
Old Harford Road
Old Harford Road, one of the oldest continuously-used rights-of-way in central Maryland, United States, is a southwest-northeast thoroughfare in northeast Baltimore and eastern Baltimore County. Present-day Old Harford Road begins in the 6000 block of Harford Road in the Hamilton section of Baltimore City and continues nearly 5½ miles northeast through the Parkville and Carney areas of Baltimore County to near the Big Gunpowder Falls north of Cub Hill. Old Harford Road serves as an alternate route to both Harford Road and Perring Parkway, carries between 10,000 and 16,500 vehicles per day. Old Harford Road, like Harford County, was named for Henry Harford, the son of Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord Baltimore, the last Proprietary of Maryland prior to the American Revolutionary War. Old Harford Road follows a curving path along high land bordering streams that feed the upper Chesapeake Bay, including Chinquapin Run; this suggests its origin as an Indian trail that subsequently was adopted by settlers to convey farm products from northeastern Baltimore County, Harford County, southern Pennsylvania to the port of Baltimore in the late 18th century.
The name "Old Harford Road" appears on area maps dating to at least 1850. In particular, the 1850 J. C. Sidney map indicates that today's Satyr Hill Road, Cromwell Bridge Road north of Satyr Hill, Glen Arm Roads collectively were known as Old Harford Road. Four sections of the Sidney map, annotated to highlight the location of today's Old Harford Road with respect to area roads of today --- and to the Old Harford Road of 1850 --- are provided below. Nineteenth century deeds to two notable properties in the area, obtained by Baltimore County historian John W. McGrain, substantiate Sidney's depiction of Old Harford Road; the "Shanklin House", once located at present-day 8906 Satyr Hill Road, "Serendipity," on present-day Glen Arm Road, north of Glen View, are both listed as being located on "The Old Harford Road." The Shanklin House once served as a tavern, its 1845 deed notes that the property was located on "the well-traveled main road." Old Harford Road appears on Robert Taylor's 1857 map of Baltimore County.
The map depicts "Carroll's Factory," a woolen mill converted to a flour mill, where the road crossed the south bank of Gunpowder Falls. Some of the structures of this property remain extant as a private residence along Cub Hill Road, just east of today's Cromwell Bridge Road; the Old in Old Harford Road most dates to the period shortly after the completion of the Harford Turnpike by private road-building interests in 1816. Harford Turnpike, now known as Harford Road, was constructed as a more direct route between present-day Mt. Vista Road and what became the Hamilton section of Baltimore. Further evidence that today's Cromwell Bridge and Glen Arm Roads comprise part of the original Old Harford Road is provided by the 1829 edition of the Laws of the Maryland General Assembly. A complicating bit of information regarding the use of the moniker "Old," however, is provided by a genealogical reference to a tavern, said to have been located on Old Harford Road "near the Long Green Valley" around 1776.
Why the prefix "Old" would have been used at that early date is uncertain. If the reference is accurate, it could reflect that a displacement of the original Harford Road right-of-way had been made prior to the construction of the Harford Turnpike in 1816. While the name "Old Harford" may be traced with certainty to only the first third of the nineteenth century, the right-of-way itself is older. For example, the 1794 map of Maryland by Dennis Griffith depicts a thoroughfare extending northeast from the central part of Baltimore City into Harford County, Maryland; this road is distinct from nearby roads that evolved into parts of today's Belair Road, Philadelphia Road, York Road. The shape and orientation of the unnamed right-of-way, in part, bears close resemblance to today's Old Harford Road. Anthony Finley's 1824 map of Maryland, schematically depicts a route of travel extending north-northeast from Baltimore City to the Coopstown area of Harford County. Subsequent editions of his map and others show the route extending farther northeast to the Susquehanna River near McCall's Ferry, Pennsylvania.
In 1921, on the part of Old Harford Road that by that time had come to be known as Glen Arm Road, what is accepted to be the nation's first train-actuated railroad crossing signal was installed at the crossing of the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad in the community of Glen Arm. The signal device was designed and installed by the short line railroad's noteworthy Superintendent of Signals, Charles Adler, Jr; the approach of a train activated a double stop sign that turned toward the road twenty seconds before the arrival of a train. Adler designed early traffic-actuated traffic lights for the City of Baltimore, invented the system of flashing warning lights used on aircraft. Development along the Old Harford Road of today and that of the past mirrored that which occurred along ot
The Great Trail was a network of footpaths created by Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking indigenous peoples prior to the arrival of European colonists in North America. It connected the areas of New England and eastern Canada, the mid-Atlantic regions to each other and to the Great Lakes region. Many major highways in the Northeastern United States were constructed to follow the routes established thousands of years ago by Native Americans moving along these trails. Although some sections of the trail have been called "warpaths", such as the so-called "Great Indian Warpath" through Chillicothe, the primary purposes for these roads was peaceful trade and gathering of natural resources along their routes; some sources describe the Great Trail as beginning at another. However, as there was a gradation between local trails used by few people and more major routes used by many, identifying a point at which the Great Trail begins or ends is an arbitrary matter; the Great Trail system connected with the Overland Trail, which led west, as well as other trails to other parts of the continent.
One part of the Great Trail system stretched from Passamaquoddy territory in northernmost New England through the Lakes Region of New Hampshire and down to the Shawmut Peninsula in Massachusetts. From there it connected to the region of the Wampanoag of Cape Cod, over to the territory of the Nipmuck and other tribes around Lake Chaubunagungamaug before connecting to areas of present-day Connecticut and points farther south. Another part of the Great Trail system in New England was followed by Massachusetts Route 2; the section now known as the Mohawk Trail leads from the Connecticut River valley through the Berkshires and Mohawk Trail State Forest into the area of present-day Albany, New York, the state capital. From here, the Great Trail system connected all parts of the territories where the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy lived. In northern New Jersey, the portion of the Great Trail much-used by the Lenape included choice places to cross the Passaic River and to pass through the valleys among the Watchung Mountains, notably at Hobart Gap.
As the Dutch colonists advanced beyond the proximity of the Hudson River, the new settlers found these paths crucial to their movement. New Jersey Route 24 follows a branch of the trail in this area. A more southern part of the Great Trail system went from Delaware across Pennsylvania to Oldtown, to the Ohio River below present-day Pittsburgh, it crossed Columbiana County to Bolivar and Sandusky, continued west. The part of the Great Trail used by Colonial American troops during Pontiac's Rebellion has been improved as U. S. Route 23; as with the Native Americans' burning underbrush to clear land for cultivating crops and creating deer fields, the Great Trail shows that the indigenous inhabitants traveled on the land, altering it to serve their needs. These parts of North America were not an "untouched wilderness," as described by the early colonists. Ayres, The Great Trail of New England. Boston, MA: Meader Publishing Co
Towson is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland. The population was 55,197 as of the 2010 census, it is the second-most populated unincorporated county seat in the United States. The first inhabitants of the future Towson and central Baltimore County region were the Susquehannock people who hunted in the area, their region included all of Baltimore County, though their primary settlement was farther northeast along the Susquehanna River. Towson was settled in 1752 when Pennsylvania brothers and Thomas Towson, began farming an area of Sater's Hill, northeast of the present-day York and Joppa Roads. William's son, opened the Towson Hotel to serve the growing number of farmers bringing their produce and livestock to the port of Baltimore, he built the hotel near the area's main crossroads. The village became known as "Towsontown"; the property in West Towson came from two land grants: 400 acre Gott's Hope in 1719, Gunner's Range in 1706. In 1790, businessman Capt. Charles Ridgely completed the magnificent Hampton Mansion just north of Towsontown, the largest private house in America at the time.
The Ridgelys lived there for six generations, until 1948. It is now open to the public. Dr. Grafton Marsh, a surgeon during the war of 1812, his brother Dr. Josiah Marsh settled their families in a collection of early houses known as Gott's Hope, part of a group along Joppa Road, they consolidated four of the structures into a larger dwelling that they called "Marshmont". The brothers went into business together as medical practitioners. Neither had any heirs but were joined in practice by their nephew, Dr. Grafton Marsh Bosley, who inherited the medical practice, the Marshmont compound, a 140-acre farm; the farm extended west of York Road, south of Joppa Road, north of the Sheppard Pratt Hospital, east of Woodbine Avenut. In 1869, Bosley and his wife Margaret Nicholson built a new home in an area of the property known as "Highlands" or "Highland Park", which they named "Uplands"; the ratification of the second Maryland Constitution of 1851 provided for the jurisdictional separation of the former Baltimore Town, founded in 1729.
Baltimore Town had served as the county seat since 1767, now the City of Baltimore, since its incorporation in 1796–97 by the General Assembly of Maryland. Several tortured sets of negotiations occurred to divide the various assets of the city and the county, such as the downtown courthouse of 1805, the city/county jail of 1801 along the Jones Falls and the almshouse, jointly owned. After a series of elections and referenda, on February 13, 1854, Towson became, by popular vote, the choice of the remaining, now rural, eastern and western portions of the county as the new county seat of Baltimore County; the Baltimore County Courthouse, still in use by 2015, with its various annexes, was designed by the local city architectural firm of Dixon and Dixon. It was completed within a year, constructed of limestone and marble donated by the well-known Ridgely family of nearby Hampton Mansion, on land donated by Towson doctor Grafton Marsh Bosley; the courthouse was subsequently enlarged in 1910 through additional designs for north and south wings by well-known and regarded city architects, Baldwin & Pennington.
Additional expansions in 1926 and 1958 created an H-shaped plan for the courthouse. An additional modernistic Baltimore County Courts Building, with room for the new charter government since 1956 and administration of a county executive and county council, plus administrative and executive departments, was erected in 1970–71 across a plaza to the west of the older historic courthouse; the old Baltimore County Jail was built in 1855, was replaced in the 1980s by a new modern Baltimore County Detention Center, north of the town on Kenilworth Avenue, with an addition constructed in the 2010s. From 1850 to 1874, another notable land owner, Amos Matthews, had a farm of 150 acres that—with the exception of the 17-acre natural parcel where the Kelso Home for Girls, was erected —was wholly developed into the neighborhoods of West Towson, Southland Hills and other subdivisions, beginning in the middle 1920s. During the Civil War, Towson was the scene of two minor engagements. Many local citizens were sympathetic to the Southern Confederate cause, so much so that Ady's Hotel and the current site of the 1920s-era Towson Theatre, flew the Southern flag.
The Union Army found it necessary to overtake the town by force on June 2, 1861. During the raid, the Union Army seized weapons from citizens at Ady's Hotel. A local paper, in jest, refers to the "strongly fortified and impregnable city of Towsontown" and downplays the need for the attack, stating, "the distinguished Straw, with only two hundred and fifty men, has taken a whole city and nearly frightened two old women out of their wits."The second engagement took place around July 12, 1864, between Union and Confederate forces. On July 10, 1864, a 135-man Confederate cavalry detachment attacked the Northern Central Railway to the north in nearby Cockeysville, under orders from Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Frederick, Maryland; the First and Second Maryland Cavalry, led by Baltimore County native and pre-war member of the Towson Horse Guards, Maj. Harry W. Gilmor, of Glen Ellen, attacked strategic targets throughout Ba
Towson Town Center
Towson Town Center is a large indoor shopping mall located in Towson, Maryland. It was the largest indoor shopping mall in Maryland prior to the completion of Arundel Mills in late 2000 in Hanover and the 2007 expansion of Westfield Annapolis. Towson Plaza was an open-air mall built in 1952 on ground sold by Goucher College. Towson Plaza was built next to the Towson location of Hutzler's which has since closed and been redeveloped. Towson Plaza was one of the earliest multi-level shopping centers, and much of that original structure remains incorporated into the current mall as its two lower levels. The mall was enclosed in 1973, renovated in 1982 with the opening of Hecht's across the parking lot. Lawrence Rachuba and the DeChiaro group were the developers. Over the years and attractions were added on to increase traffic in the mall and make it more competitive with other malls in the area. One memorable effort was "Gadgets," a theme restaurant with mechanical characters performing periodic shows on stage, which opened and closed in the early 1980s.
Some of the original stores survived this era but closed, including Hess Shoes, Loewmeyer's, Friendly's. Occupying the original center court on Level 1, now the GBMC Grand Court, was The Garden Cafe bar and lounge along with a fountain inspired by Robert Woodward's El Alamein Fountain; the center's first glass elevator was installed between the old escalators. During the 1991 renovation, the fountain was replaced with a smaller fountain, removed in 2008. In 1999, the popular theme restaurant, Rainforest Cafe opened in the mall and was a tenant for the next ten years, closing in January 2009. Bistro Sensations has since gone out of business. Other small fountains that were in the mall's domed courts have been converted into planters; the third and fourth floors included a new food court. While the third and fourth floors are directly above each other, access from the third floor to the second and first form a downhill pattern, as much of the mall property is on a slope; the 2007 expansion described below expanded the older first and second floors toward Dulaney Valley Road.
At opposite ends of the mall are two department stores, Macy's and Nordstrom. The three-story Macy's connects to the mall's top two floors, while Nordstrom connects to all four mall floors. A large parking garage is connected directly to the mall structure. A popular area high school teacher was murdered on one of the garage's upper levels in 2005, leading some to worry that the crime in inner-city Baltimore was gaining a stronger foothold in the suburbs. After the murder, several reports of mugging as well as muggers with guns led to several security upgrades with many firsts in mall security. On December 19, 2011, a man was killed outside a service entrance to Nordstrom; the man's 4 alleged assailants have been arrested. On April 23, 2012, a man and woman were robbed at gunpoint by 3 men in one of mall's parking garages; the robbers remain at large. On January 24, 2013 a man stole $35,050 worth of merchandise from the Louis Vuitton store. A cell phone video in December 2015 showed police at the scene of a disruption at the mall.
Teenagers were accused of throwing rocks at police officers. This has resulted in a permanent curfew for residents under the age of 17 from entering the mall after 5:00 P. M. on Fridays and Saturdays without an adult present with them. In 2007, Towson Town Center began a $76 million expansion and renovation project that added to the existing structure, its largest expansion since 1992; the project included renovations to the mall's first and second floors, restaurants, a "Main Street"-style facade with exterior shopping, completed in October 2008. The project includes a flagship Crate & Barrel store, P. F. Chang's China Bistro, The Cheesecake Factory, Stoney River Legendary Steaks, TGI Friday's. In November 2016, Towson Town Center began a million dollar renovation to its four parking garages; this involved. A “Park Assist” system alerts customers to available parking spaces through overhead red and green lights. According to owner Brookfield Properties, they remodeled mall entrances, enclosed bridges from parking decks to the center, enhanced lighting and updated signage, adding 1,600 standardized signs, including at all major entrances.
Towson Town Center is located at the intersection of York Road, Dulaney Valley Road, Joppa Road and is bordered in the north by Fairmount Avenue. It can be accessed from the Baltimore Beltway by heading south; the mall is close to Goucher College, Towson University, the Towson Sheraton hotel, the Towson branch of the Baltimore County library. Public bus service to the mall is available on bus routes 36, 51, 52, 93, CityLink Green, CityLink Red operated by the Maryland Transit Administration; the Collegetown Network, a joint venture of many higher-education institutions in and around Baltimore operates a shuttle service that transports many students to and from the mall. The Towson Square development, with restaurants and a movie theater, is across Joppa Rd. Towson Town Center has four 7-story parking garages, which are color coded; the A garage is orange, B is red, C is blue, D is green. The mall has a total of 4400 parking spaces. Official website
Interstate 95 in Maryland
Interstate 95 in Maryland is a major highway that runs 109.01 miles diagonally from northeast to southwest, from Maryland's border with Delaware, to the Woodrow Wilson Bridge entering the District of Columbia before reaching Virginia. The route is one of the most traveled Interstate Highways in Maryland between Baltimore and Washington, D. C. despite alternate routes along the corridor, such as the Baltimore-Washington Parkway, U. S. Route 1, US 29. Portions of the highway are tolled. Between the Baltimore city line and the Delaware state line, I-95 is known as the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway. Interstate 95 enters the state of Maryland concurrent with the Capital Beltway. From Alexandria, the roadways, five lanes in either direction, travel together over the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge cross the southern tip of the District of Columbia, touch down in Prince George's County west of Forest Heights. I-95/I-495 encounter the southern terminus of Interstate 295, known as the Anacostia Freeway, a route that serves downtown Washington, D.
C. and connects to the planned alignment of I-95 through D. C. Interstate 395. Just beyond I-295 the two routes interchange with MD 210, a major north–south route into southern D. C; the two Interstates continue along the Capital Beltway, interchanging with various local highways such as MD 5 and MD 4 on either side of Andrews Air Force Base, which the Beltway travels close to near its northern edge. Turning north past the MD 4 interchange, the Beltway runs through Glenarden, interchanging with MD 202, US 50/secret Interstate 595, MD 450, the latter route offering access to the New Carrollton metro station and the New Carrollton area. Turning northwest the Beltway enters Greenbelt Park, intersecting the Baltimore-Washington Parkway in the northeastern edge of the park. Just after the B-W Parkway the two routes interchange with MD 201, which connects to the southern terminus of the B-W Parkway at US 50 near the D. C. line. Now turned west, the Beltway runs through the northern edge of College Park, interchanging with the Greenbelt metro station's access roadway and US 1.
Beyond the US 1 interchange, I-95 encounters its own route at the College Park Interchange, separates from I-495 within this interchange. I-495 continues west, alone, on the Capital Beltway to Interstate 270, while I-95 turns north onto its own planned alignment; the interchange includes access to a Ride. Running northeast, I-95, still eight lanes wide, passes through Beltsville, interchanging with MD 212 near the community; the highway, completed in 1971, runs through undeveloped land to the interchange with the Intercounty Connector toll road before interchanging with MD 198 just west of Laurel. Passing over the Patuxent River just south of the Rocky Gorge Dam, the route enters Howard County and promptly interchanges with MD 216. North of the MD 216 interchange, the route encounters its first rest area in the state of Maryland, with each carriageway served by its own facility. Continuing northeast, I-95 intersects MD 32 at a modified directional cloverleaf. Within this interchange, I-95 grade-separates, with the northbound carriageway passing over MD 32 and the southbound carriageway passing under MD 32, allowing left exits from both of the latter's carriageways to merge into the left lanes of I-95 without conflict.
North of this unusual interchange, I-95 encounters MD 175, the main access route into Columbia, at a less-radical directional cloverleaf interchange. After the MD 175 interchange comes the MD 100 interchange, providing access to Ellicott City, US 29, Interstate 70 to the west, the Baltimore-Washington Parkway and Interstate 97 to the east. Just beyond this interchange, I-95 encounters three more of its auxiliary routes within Maryland: Interstate 895, which splits from I-95 within the Patapsco Valley State Park, just south of the Patapsco River. Traffic not authorized to make use of either of the direct routes through Baltimore is encouraged to use the eastern half of I-695, which crosses the Patapsco River via the Francis Scott Key Bridge; when this part of I-95 opened to traffic in 1971, all interchanges in the stretch had high-mast lighting, but beginning in 2010, these were replaced with lower-mounted conventional streetlights. However, the MD 200 and southern I-895 interchanges now have high-mast lights.
South of Baltimore, I-95 is maintained by the Maryland State Highway Administration. Continuing on its northeasterly track, the route intersects US 1 Alt. just beyond the city line. I-95's interchange with US 1 Alt. incorporates stubs and unused embankments that would have been used for the planned eastern terminus of I-70 within Baltimore. Continuing past this unbuilt interchange, I-95 intersects Washington Blvd. A local city street, before encountering the main access route into the central business district, Interstate 395. I-95 interchanges with