Hoppet, Haninge Municipality
Hoppet is an urban area on the island of Muskö and in Haninge Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Dalarö is a locality situated in Haninge Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 1,199 inhabitants in 2010. It is situated south-east of Stockholm and is part of Metropolitan Stockholm and serves as a recreational summer spot for Stockholmers. At the beginning of the year 2004, the automobile company Volvo used the town for the unconventional The Mystery of Dalarö advertising campaign. Dalarö is Haninge Municipality's oldest locality an old maritime pilot and customs community. Today Dalarö is characterized by the developments which were added in the late 1800s, when the area became a popular summer resort for Stockholmers. Dalarö has long been home to Swedish high society's seaside houses. Since the 19th century, the town of Dalarö has been a fashionable holiday resort for the international upper class. Dalarö is a desirable family resort for the wealthy; the historical valuable buildings are of national interest. Dalarö and the surrounding built-up area has summer cottages. During the summer months Dalarö is frequented by a large number of tourists.
Dalarö Fortress Joachim von Rohr, commander of the Dalarö fortress Captain Carl Peter Blom, founder of Smådalarö gård Official site in Swedish only
Västerhaninge is a locality situated in Haninge Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden. It had 15,134 inhabitants in 2010, it is connected to Stockholm by commuter rail. Västerhaninge borders the large Hanveden forest to the north, the Jordbro locality to the east, an agricultural region to the south, the Tungelsta area to the west; the locality lies 6 km from Handen. Districts of the locality include Åbylund, Jägartorp in the north, Ribbyberg and Nedersta in the south; the Stockholm-Nynäs railway runs through the town, the original station building was demolished to make way for a new one in 1997. The nearby Tungelsta station is the only one in the region to survive from the railway's original construction. Västerhaninge's several residential areas underwent expansion in the 1960s-1980s. Housing stock today includes co-operative apartments, rental apartments and villas with multiple sites and group houses, the oldest dating to the mid-1940s. Newer residential developments at Ribby ängar, Skarplöt, Nedersta gård are planned.
Retail and food service outlets are located near to the railway station, convenience stores serve the suburbs. Smaller commercial centres are found in Ribby. Workplaces are both in the public sector in trade and other commercial activities. There are crafts and manufacturing of industrial Håga. A new area of work is planned at the rapids, shall include service station and restaurant service. In Västerhaninge center planned for the expanded trade volume and the fall 2010 opening Systembolaget In Västerhaninge are several schools of all phases and several preschools. Berga agricultural high school is targeting land, horse management, environmental protection and nature conservation. Here we find the Stockholm Sweden Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, completed in 1985. Major streets in Västerhaninge Ringvägen Björnvägen Tungelstavägen Gamla Nynäsvägen Villavägen Solhemsvägen Gränsvägen Huggarvägen Plöjarvägen In Västerhaninge are Hanveden's sports ground with playing fields, running track and ice rink.
In connection with the schools are one or more of playing fields. The sports ground is the central track with illuminated tracks. In the north opens Hanvedens pristine forests that are of national interest in outdoor life. North of the sports ground is Nytorp meadows with several playing fields. To the east lies Blockula riding. South of Västerhaninge is Häringe Castle, Almås Conference Västerhaninge is surrounded by nature. In those southern areas bordering the place to open agricultural landscape, whereas in the East meets the sea with Årsta Havsbad and Berga as the central villages. In the northern part of Västerhaninge are Nytorp and Hanveden with ortentliga guide tracks within walking distance of the lake Öran. In the vicinity of Västerhaninge are bathing areas and naturområderna Östnora, Gålö seaside and Årsta. Other popular destinations are Ekeby Lodge both located just south of Västerhaninge. Berga Berga with naturbruksgymnasium organizes every year an event called "Mountain Days," where there is opportunity to look at the animals and feel the farm life.
Ekeby Lodge is best known for its Midsummer celebrations. Nearby is the Jordbro Grave Field, believed to be the largest Iron Age grave field in the Nordic Countries. Commuter Line 35 Nynashamn-Bålsta passes Västerhaninge, which has a train station in connection to the center. There are four trains an hour in Stockholm, two trains per hour towards Nynashamn. Travel time by train to Stockholm or Nynashamn is about 30 minutes; the station has been in the mid and late 1990s was the subject of rehabilitation. Buses In connection with the station is a bus terminal with "direct connection" between train and bus. Several bus routes serving the bus terminal; the station is a commuter parking and a taxi station
The Million Programme is the common name for an ambitious public housing programme implemented in Sweden between 1965 and 1974 by the governing Swedish Social Democratic Party to make sure everyone could have a home at a reasonable price. The aim was to construct a million new dwellings during the programme's ten-year period. At the time, the Million Programme was the most ambitious building programme in the world to build one million new homes in a nation with a population of eight million. At the same time, a large proportion of the older housing stock was demolished; the housing shortage in Sweden before the start of the programme was a major political and social issue in Sweden. Between 1860 and 1960, Sweden had transformed from an agrarian nation to a industrialized nation, which led to a large urbanization trend; the population in the countryside moved in large numbers to towns after 1945. This urbanization following World War II was encouraged by the authorities and governing establishment.
After the war, as Swedish industry was unharmed, cities needed workers to produce the amount of goods demanded by the rest of war-destroyed Europe. The major cities of Sweden had in many cases had their last building boom in the late-19th century and were, by 1950, much too small to accommodate the rural population flooding into the cities; the increasing standard of living led to demands to decrease the population density and to abolish the old Lort-Sverige. This was made possible because of the outstanding growth Sweden had during the record years in the 1950s and 1960s which led to a flood of income to the national treasury; this money was used to implement social reforms. The social democratic government implemented reforms to ensure the availability of land, such as new land acquisition rules for local authorities, as long as the landowner was planning to sell it to a private buyer. Another new law said that a municipality could build homes outside its border, because rural municipalities near Stockholm could not afford to build so much.
Over the lifespan of the program, 1,006,000 new dwellings were built. For the houses designed for the lowest-income group, the government would bear 66% of the initial costs and this would be repaid by the customers and residents in a 30-year period. For other categories such as students, blue collar workers, immigrants, the government provided subsidies and incentives to building companies in order to start construction; the net result was an increase in Sweden’s housing stock of 650,000 new apartments and houses, financed through property taxes, with a general rise in housing quality. These houses have small apartments and a similar architectural style to the housing units and projects of the US; the new Million Programme residential areas were inspired by early suburban neighbourhoods such as Vällingby and Årsta. One of the main aims behind the planning of these residential areas was to create "good democratic citizens"; the means of achieving this were to build at high quality with a good range of services including schools, churches, public spaces and meeting places for different groups of households.
A principal aim was to mix and integrate different groups of households through the spatial mixing of tenures. Most of the apartments were of the "standard three room apartment" type of 75 m², planned for a model family of two adults and two children; the second type of apartments were the "student blocks" or "student suburbs" that were planned and built in the cities having large universities, like Stockholm, Uppsala, Linköping and Umeå. 150,000 new "student apartments" were built in specially designated "student suburbs" in order to meet the needs of the increasing university student population. These student apartments were 1-bedroom 1-bathroom and common kitchen type dorms that were clustered together in a large suburb or neighbourhood; the ownership of the apartments were leased out to "housing companies" like Heimstaden AB who rented it out at below market rates, the rents being subsidized by the government. The Million Programme is sometimes equated with the construction of concentrated tower blocks.
However, these areas constituted about one third of the programme's apartments. Areas with lower apartment blocks and areas with one-family houses made up about the remaining two thirds of the number of total units. Million Programme districts include: Rinkeby and Husby in Stockholm Municipality Bredäng, Skärholmen and Vårberg in Stockholm Municipality Fisksätra in Nacka. Vårby gård, Alby and Hallunda in Huddinge Municipality and Botkyrka Municipality outside Stockholm Jordbro and Brandbergen in Haninge Municipality outside Stockholm Hallonbergen in Sundbyberg Municipality Hagalund in Solna Municipality Malmvägen in Sollentuna Municipality Hovsjö, Ronna and Fornhöjden in Södertälje Municipality Hjällbo and several others in Angered in Gothenburg Municipality Bergsjön in Gothenburg Municipality Hisings-Backa and Biskopsgården in Gothenburg Rosengård, Kroksbäck, Bellevuegården, Lindängen, Höja, Lindeborg and Holma in Malmö Komarken in Kungälv Kronogården in Trollhättan Kronoparken in Karlstad Ryd, Ekholmen, Skäggetorp in Linköping Gottsunda and Eriksberg in Uppsala Hertsön in Luleå Araby in Växjö Ålidhem and Mariehem in Umeå Årby in Eskilstuna Hässleholmen and Norrby in Borås Råslätt in Jönköping Ryd, Skövde in Skövde Hageby and Navestad in Norrköping Ekön in Motala Norrliden in Kalmar Norra Fäladen and Klostergården in Lund Korsbacka in Kävlinge Skogslyckan and Dalaberg in Uddevalla Rosta in Örebro Andersberg in Gävle Körfältet in Ös
Statistics Sweden is the Swedish government agency responsible for producing official statistics regarding Sweden. National statistics in Sweden date back to 1686 when the parishes of the Church of Sweden were ordered to start keeping records on the population. SCB's predecessor, the Tabellverket, was set up in 1749, the current name was adopted in 1858; as of 2015, the agency had 1,350 employees. The offices of the agency are located in Örebro. Statistics Sweden publishes the Journal of Official Statistics. Demographics of Sweden Eurostat Government agencies in Sweden List of national and international statistical services Official website
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries. The city stretches across fourteen islands. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago; the area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is the capital of Stockholm County. Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden; the Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It is an important global city, the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region; the city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology. It hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia.
The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for the decor of its stations. Sweden's national football arena is located north of the city centre, in Solna. Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city; the city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister; the government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at Sager House. Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BC, there were many people living in what is today the Stockholm area, but as temperatures dropped, inhabitants moved south.
Thousands of years as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable and the lands became fertile, people began to migrate back to the North. At the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings, they had a positive trade impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholm's location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne; the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade. The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification; the second part of the name means islet, is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. According to Eric Chronicles the city is said to have been founded by Birger Jarl to protect Sweden from sea invasions made by Karelians after the pillage of Sigtuna on Lake Mälaren in the summer of 1187.
Stockholm's core, the present Old Town was built on the central island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid-13th century onward. The city rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League. Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time. Between 1296 and 1478 Stockholm's City Council was made up of 24 members, half of whom were selected from the town's German-speaking burghers; the strategic and economic importance of the city made Stockholm an important factor in relations between the Danish Kings of the Kalmar Union and the national independence movement in the 15th century. The Danish King Christian II was able to enter the city in 1520. On 8 November 1520 a massacre of opposition figures called the Stockholm Bloodbath took place and set off further uprisings that led to the breakup of the Kalmar Union. With the accession of Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the establishment of a royal power, the population of Stockholm began to grow, reaching 10,000 by 1600.
The 17th century saw Sweden grow into a major European power, reflected in the development of the city of Stockholm. From 1610 to 1680 the population multiplied sixfold. In 1634, Stockholm became the official capital of the Swedish empire. Trading rules were created that gave Stockholm an essential monopoly over trade between foreign merchants and other Swedish and Scandinavian territories. In 1697, Tre Kronor was replaced by Stockholm Palace. In 1710, a plague killed about 20,000 of the population. After the end of the Great Northern War the city stagnated. Population growth halted and economic growth slowed; the city was in shock after having lost its place as the capital of a Great power. However, Stockholm maintained its role as the political centre of Sweden and continued to develop culturally under Gustav III. By the second half of the 19th century, Stockholm had regained its leading economic role. New industries emerged and Stockholm was transformed into an important trade and service centre as well as a key gateway point within Sweden.
The population grew during this time through immigration. At the end