Robert Calderbank

Robert Calderbank is a professor of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and director of the Information Initiative at Duke. He received a BSc from Warwick University in 1975, an MSc from Oxford in 1976, a PhD from Caltech, all in mathematics, he joined Bell Labs in 1980, retired from AT&T Labs in 2003 as Vice President for Research and Internet and network systems. He went to Princeton as a professor of Electrical Engineering and Applied and Computational Mathematics, before moving to Duke in 2010 to become Dean of Natural Sciences, his contributions to coding and information theory won the IEEE Information Theory Society Paper Award in 1995 and 1999. While at Bell Labs, he co-discovered space–time coding, he was elected to the US National Academy of Engineering in 2005, became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2012, won the 2013 IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal and the 2015 Claude E. Shannon Award, he is married to Ingrid Daubechies. Robert Calderbank at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Dean Profile at Duke.

Faculty Profile at Princeton. Publications on the DBLP. Publications from the Arxiv. Publications from Google Scholar

Richard Hamming

Richard Wesley Hamming was an American mathematician whose work had many implications for computer engineering and telecommunications. His contributions include the Hamming code, the Hamming window, Hamming numbers, sphere-packing, the Hamming distance. Born in Chicago, Hamming attended University of Chicago, University of Nebraska and the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, where he wrote his doctoral thesis in mathematics under the supervision of Waldemar Trjitzinsky. In April 1945 he joined the Manhattan Project at the Los Alamos Laboratory, where he programmed the IBM calculating machines that computed the solution to equations provided by the project's physicists, he left to join the Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1946. Over the next fifteen years he was involved in nearly all of the Laboratories' most prominent achievements. After retiring from the Bell Labs in 1976, Hamming took a position at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, where he worked as an adjunct professor and senior lecturer in computer science, devoted himself to teaching and writing books.

He delivered his last lecture in December 1997, just a few weeks before he died from a heart attack on January 7, 1998. Richard Wesley Hamming was born in Chicago, Illinois, on February 11, 1915, the son of Richard J. Hamming, a credit manager, Mabel G. Redfield, he grew up in Chicago, where he attended Crane Junior College. Hamming wanted to study engineering, but money was scarce during the Great Depression, the only scholarship offer he received came from the University of Chicago, which had no engineering school. Instead, he became a science student, majoring in mathematics, received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1937, he considered this a fortunate turn of events. "As an engineer," he said, "I would have been the guy going down manholes instead of having the excitement of frontier research work."He went on to earn a Master of Arts degree from the University of Nebraska in 1939, entered the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, where he wrote his doctoral thesis on Some Problems in the Boundary Value Theory of Linear Differential Equations under the supervision of Waldemar Trjitzinsky.

His thesis was an extension of Trjitzinsky's work in that area. He looked at Green's function and further developed Jacob Tamarkin's methods for obtaining characteristic solutions. While he was a graduate student, he read George Boole's The Laws of Thought; the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign awarded Hamming his Doctor of Philosophy in 1942, he became an Instructor in Mathematics there. He married Wanda Little, a fellow student, on September 5, 1942 after she was awarded her own Master of Arts in English literature, they had no children. In 1944, he became an Assistant Professor at the J. B. Speed Scientific School at the University of Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky. With World War II still ongoing, Hamming left Louisville in April 1945 to work on the Manhattan Project at the Los Alamos Laboratory, in Hans Bethe's division, programming the IBM calculating machines that computed the solution to equations provided by the project's physicists, his wife Wanda soon followed, taking a job at Los Alamos as a human computer, working for Bethe and Edward Teller.

Hamming recalled that:Shortly before the first field test, a man asked me to check some arithmetic he had done, I agreed, thinking to fob it off on some subordinate. When I asked what it was, he said, "It is the probability that the test bomb will ignite the whole atmosphere." I decided I would check it myself! The next day when he came for the answers I remarked to him, "The arithmetic was correct but I do not know about the formulas for the capture cross sections for oxygen and nitrogen—after all, there could be no experiments at the needed energy levels." He replied, like a physicist talking to a mathematician, that he wanted me to check the arithmetic not the physics, left. I said to myself, "What have you done, you are involved in risking all of life, known in the Universe, you do not know much of an essential part?" I was pacing down the corridor when a friend asked me what was bothering me. I told him, his reply was, "Never mind, Hamming, no one will blame you." Hamming remained at Los Alamos until 1946, when he accepted a post at the Bell Telephone Laboratories.

For the trip to New Jersey, he bought Klaus Fuchs's old car. When he sold it just weeks before Fuchs was unmasked as a spy, the FBI regarded the timing as suspicious enough to interrogate Hamming. Although Hamming described his role at Los Alamos as being that of a "computer janitor", he saw computer simulations of experiments that would have been impossible to perform in a laboratory. "And when I had time to think about it," he recalled, "I realized that it meant that science was going to be changed". At the Bell Labs Hamming shared an office for a time with Claude Shannon; the Mathematical Research Department included John Tukey and Los Alamos veterans Donald Ling and Brockway McMillan. Shannon, Ling, McMillan and Hamming came to call themselves the Young Turks. "We were first-class troublemakers," Hamming recalled. "We still got valuable results. Thus management had to tolerate us and let us alone a lot of the time."Although Hamming had been hired to work on elasticity theory, he still spent much of his time with the calculating machines.

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Neil Sloane

Neil James Alexander Sloane is a British-American mathematician. His major contributions are in the fields of combinatorics, error-correcting codes, sphere packing. Sloane is best known for being the creator and maintainer of the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. Sloane was brought up in Australia, he studied at Cornell University under Nick DeClaris, Frank Rosenblatt, Frederick Jelinek and Wolfgang Heinrich Johannes Fuchs, receiving his Ph. D. in 1967. His doctoral dissertation was titled Lengths of Cycle Times in Random Neural Networks. Sloane joined AT&T Bell Labs in 1968 and retired from AT&T Labs in 2012, he became an AT&T Fellow in 1998. He is a Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales, an IEEE Fellow, a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, he is a winner of a Lester R. Ford Award in 1978 and the Chauvenet Prize in 1979. In 2005 Sloane received the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal. In 2008 he received the Mathematical Association of America David P. Robbins award, in 2013 the George Pólya Award.

In 2014, to celebrate his 75th birthday, Sloane shared some of his favorite integer sequences. Besides mathematics, he has authored two rock-climbing guides to New Jersey. N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, NY, 1973. F. J. MacWilliams and N. J. A. Sloane, The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes, Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977. M. Harwit and N. J. A. Sloane, Hadamard Transform Optics, Academic Press, San Diego CA, 1979. N. J. A. Sloane and A. D. Wyner, Claude Elwood Shannon: Collected Papers, IEEE Press, NY, 1993. N. J. A. Sloane and S. Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, San Diego, 1995. J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, Sphere Packings and Groups, Springer-Verlag, NY, 1st edn. 1988. A. S. Hedayat, N. J. A. Sloane and J. Stufken, Orthogonal Arrays: Theory and Applications, Springer-Verlag, NY, 1999. G. Nebe, E. M. Rains and N. J. A. Sloane, Self-Dual Codes and Invariant Theory, Springer-Verlag, 2006. Reeds–Sloane algorithm Neil Sloane at the Mathematics Genealogy Project IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal Recipients, 2005 – Neil J. A. Sloane Neil Sloane's entry in the Numericana Hall of Fame "The pattern collector", Science News Doron Zeilberger, Opinion 124: A Database is Worth a Thousand Mathematical Articles

Yaakov Ziv

Yaakov Ziv is an Israeli electrical engineer who, along with Abraham Lempel, developed the LZ family of lossless data compression algorithms. Ziv was born in Tiberias, British-ruled Palestine, on 27 November 1931, he received the B. Sc. Dip. Eng. and M. Sc. degrees, all in electrical engineering, from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in 1954, 1957 and the D. Sc. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1962. Ziv joined the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in 1970 and is Herman Gross Professor of Electrical Engineering and a Technion Distinguished Professor, his research interests include data compression, information theory, statistical communication theory. Ziv was Dean of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering from 1974 to 1976 and Vice President for Academic Affairs from 1978 to 1982. Since 1987 Ziv has spent three sabbatical leaves at the Information Research Department of Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, USA. From 1955 to 1959, he was a Senior Research Engineer in the Scientific Department Israel Ministry of Defense, was assigned to the research and development of communication systems.

From 1961 to 1962, while studying for his doctorate at M. I. T, he joined the Applied Science Division of Inc.. Watertown, MA, where he was a Senior Research Engineer doing research in communication theory. In 1962 he returned to the Scientific Department, Israel Ministry of Defense, as Head of the Communications Division and was an Adjunct of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology. From 1968 to 1970 he was a Member of the Technical Staff of Inc.. Ziv was the Chairman of the Israeli Universities Planning and Grants Committee from 1985 to 1991, he has been a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities since 1981 and served as its president between 1995 and 2004. In 1993, Ziv was awarded the Israel Prize, for exact sciences. Ziv received in 1995 the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal, for "contributions to information theory, the theory and practice of data compression", in 1998 a Golden Jubilee Award for Technological Innovation from the IEEE Information Theory Society.

Ziv is the recipient of the 1997 Claude E. Shannon Award from the IEEE Information Theory Society and the 2008 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the category of Information and Communication Technologies; these prestigious awards are considered second only to the Nobel Prize in their monetary amount. List of Israel Prize recipients A Conversation with Jacob Ziv ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award 1977: Jacob Ziv Jacob Ziv at DBLP Bibliography Server

Alain Glavieux

Alain Glavieux was a French professor in electrical engineering at École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications de Bretagne. He was the coinventor with Claude Berrou and Punya Thitimajshima of a groundbreaking coding scheme called turbo codes. Glavieux received the Golden Jubilee Award for Technological Innovation from the IEEE Information Theory Society together with Berrou and Thitimajshima in 1998, the IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal together with Berrou in 2003, the French Academy of Sciences Grand Prix France Telecom award in 2003, he died on 25 September 2004 at the age of 55 from illness

Abbas El Gamal

Abbas El Gamal is an Egyptian American electrical engineer and entrepreneur. He is best known for his contributions to network information theory, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, CMOS imaging sensors and systems, he is the Hitachi America Professor of Engineering at Stanford University. He has founded, co-founded and served on the board of directors and technical advisory boards of several semiconductor, EDA, biotechnology startup companies. El Gamal received his B. Sc. Honors degree from Cairo University in 1972. From Stanford, he earned an M. S. in Electrical Engineering in 1975, an M. S. in Statistics in 1977 and his Ph. D. in 1978. El Gamal was an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering from 1978-1980, he has been on the faculty of the Department of Electrical Engineering since 1981. He was Director of the Information Systems Laboratory from 2004 to 2009. From 2012 to 2017 he was Chair of the Department of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. In his primary field, network information theory, El Gamal studies the absolute performance limits of communication and computing networks and develops algorithms and protocols to achieve these limits.

He published cited papers on several classical problems in the field and co-authored its first textbook, Network Information Theory. He was a pioneer in the development of Field Programmable Gate Arrays —a type of integrated circuit that can be electrically reconfigured to implement differing functions, he holds key patents and wrote several cited papers on basic architecture and design of FPGAs and pioneered the use of FPGAs in teaching digital system design. El Gamal was a key figure in the development of CMOS image sensors, the technology used today in cell phone and digital cameras, he started the industrially funded Programmable Digital Camera project, which helped spur several key innovations in the field and funded several PhD students who became leaders in the image sensor industry and research. He developed an award-winning course on the topic. In 1984, El Gamal joined LSI as Director of its newly formed Systems Research Laboratory, which evolved into the company's successful Consumer Product Division.

In 1986 he cofounded Actel – only the second FPGA company in the world – where he made several key inventions in FPGA architecture and held multiple posts, including that of Chief Scientist until 1990. Actel was acquired by Microsemi in 2010. In 1990, he founded Silicon Architects – one of the first silicon IP companies in the world – holding multiple posts, including that of Chief Technical Officer until its acquisition by Synopsys in 1995, where he was a Vice President until 1997. In 1998, El Gamal co-founded Pixim, Inc. a fabless semiconductor company that developed chipsets for security cameras based on the Digital Pixel Sensor technology developed by his group at Stanford. Sony Electronics acquired Pixim in 2012. In 2011, El Gamal co-founded Inscopix, a neurotech company developing tools to enable monitoring of brain activity in vivo, he serves on its board of directors. He served on the board of directors of Numerical Technologies, which developed software tools for the design and manufacturing of subwavelength integrated circuit fabrication.

The company was acquired by Synopsys. He served on the board of Directors of Berkeley Design Automation, which developed tools for analog, mixed-signal, RF, custom digital verification; the company was acquired by Mentor Graphics in 2014. He served on the technical advisory board of several other Silicon Valley companies, including Ion Torrent Systems, which developed miniaturized DNA sequencing platforms and was acquired by Life Technologies. * 2016 IEEE Richard W. Hamming Medal * 2014 Viterbi Lecture, University of Southern California * 2013 Shannon Memorial Lecture, UCSD * 2013 Member of the National Academy of Engineering * 2012 Claude E. Shannon Award, IEEE Information Theory Society * 2000 Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Network Information Theory, – with Young-Han Kim 2011: "Miniaturized integration of a fluorescence microscope," Nature Methods – with K. Ghosh, L. Burns, E. Cocker, A. Nimmerjahn, Y. Ziv, M. Schnitzer 2006: "Throughput-Delay Trade-offs in Wireless Networks," in two parts, IEEE Trans.

Inf. Theory – with J. Mammen, B. Prabhakar, D. Shah 2002: "Energy-efficient Packet Transmission over a Wireless Link," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking –with E. Uysal-Biyikoglu and B. Prabhakar 2001: "A 10,000 Frames/s CMOS Digital Pixel Sensor," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits – with S. Kleinfelder, S. Lim, X. Liu 1982: Achievable rates for multiple descriptions – with T. Cover 1979: Capacity theorems for the relay channel – with T. Cover Stanford University School of Engineering Abbas El Gamal, from Stanford Engineering