José María Urvina

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José María Urbina
José María Urbina0002.jpg
7th President of Ecuador
In office
6 September 1852 – 16 October 1856
Vice President Pacifico Chiriboga (1852-1854)
Manuel Bustamante (1854-1856)
Marcos Espinel (1856)
Preceded by Himself (as Interim President)
Succeeded by Francisco Robles
Interim President of Ecuador
In office
17 July 1852 – 6 September 1852
Preceded by Himself (as Supreme Chief)
Succeeded by Himself (as President)
Supreme Chief of Ecuador
In office
24 July 1851 – 17 July 1852
Preceded by Diego Noboa
Succeeded by Himself (as Interim President)
Personal details
Born (1808-03-19)19 March 1808
Pillaro, Spanish Empire (now Tungurahua, Ecuador)
Died 4 September 1891(1891-09-04) (aged 83)
Guayaquil, Guayas, Ecuador
Nationality Ecuadorian
Stamps of Ecuador, 2014-08.jpg

José María Mariano Segundo de Urvina y Viteri (19 March 1808 – 4 September 1891) was President of Ecuador from 13 July 1851 to 16 October 1856. He was born in Quillan San Migelito (Pillaro-Tungurahua) on 19 March 1808.

Name spelling[edit]

The correct spelling of his name has been cause of confusion, since his banker son Francisco Urbina Jado wrote it "Urbina" instead of the original "Urvina".

Education and career[edit]

José María Urvina pursued his primary education in the village of his birth. He then attended the Navy School in Guayaquil. He was notorious among his classmates from whom he obtained friendship and consideration.

His competence and courage in the naval combat of Punta de Mapelo rose him above other members of the group. He was the aide-camp of Juan Jose Flores. In his career he demonstrated his vocation, reaching the degree of General of the Republic.

Political life[edit]

  • President of the Legislative Chamber
  • Congressman for the province of Guayas
  • Governor of Guayaquil
  • Chargé d'Affairs of Ecuador in Bogota
  • Supreme Chief from 17 July 1851 to 17 July 1852
  • Elaboration of the sixth National Constitution.
  • President of Ecuador from 1852 to 1856
  • Abolishment of Indian and black slavery in Ecuador, on 25 September 1852.


Political offices
Preceded by
Diego Noboa
President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Francisco Robles