José Solano y Bote

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General Captain of the Royal Navy
Don José de Solano y Bote
Jose Solano y Bote.jpg
Born March 11, 1726
Zorita, Extremadura, Spain
Died April 24, 1806(1806-04-24) (aged 80)
Madrid, Spain
Allegiance  Spain
Years of service 1742–1806
Rank General Captain of the Spanish Royal Navy (1802)
Commands held General Captain of Spanish Royal Navy
Battles/wars Battle of Toulon (1744)
Siege of Pensacola (1781)
Awards Named Marquiss de Socorro
Other work Governor and Captain General of Venezuela (1763–71)
Governor and Captain General of Santo Domingo (1771–79)

Don José de Solano y Bote Carrasco y Díaz (March 11, 1726 – April 24, 1806), Marquess of Socorro, was a Spanish Naval officer.


He served an extensive career in the Spanish Navy starting at the age of 16 until his death in 1806. Shortly after joining the Spanish navy in 1742, he participated in the Battle of Toulon (1744), where the Spanish fleet defeated the British fleet, as a result of his performance in that battle he was promoted to the rank of alférez de fragata. In 1754 he was promoted to the rank of capitán de fragata and sent to the Americas as a commissary named by the King with the objective of helping with the demarcation of the limits between Spain and Portugal's holdings.

During this charge Solano spent seven years traveling the Orinoco river and its tributaries as well as making several trips to Bogota in pursuit of additional funding from the Viceroy to support his efforts.

When he concluded his assignment he was promoted to the rank of Capitán de Navío in 1761; in 1762 after war broke out with England he took command of the Rayo (80) a ship of the line built in La Havana.

Solano was governor of Venezuela from 1763 to 1770 and later Governor and Captain General of Santo Domingo (1771–79).

Anglo-Spanish War[edit]

He commanded a Spanish squadron during the Anglo-Spanish War, for his role in the Siege of Pensacola where he came to the aid of Louisiana governor Bernardo de Gálvez in March 1781, Solano was promoted to lieutenant general in 1782. He became the General Captain of the Armada in 1804.


  • Jose Luis Santalo Rodriguez de Viguri(1973). Don Jose Solano y Bote, Primer Marques del Socorro Capitan General de la Armada. Instituto Historico de Marina, Madrid. I.S.B.N. 84-00-03891-6