Immigration to the United States
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of non-U. S. Nationals in order to reside permanently in the country. Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the U. S. history. Because the United States is a settler colonial society, all Americans, with the exception of the small percent of Native Americans, can trace their ancestry to immigrants from other nations around the world. In absolute numbers, the United States has a larger immigrant population than any other country, with 47 million immigrants as of 2015; this represents 19.1% of the 244 million international migrants worldwide, 14.4% of the U. S. population. Some other countries have larger proportions of immigrants, such as Switzerland with 24.9% and Canada with 21.9%. According to the 2016 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, the United States admitted 1.18 million legal immigrants in 2016. Of these, 20% were family-sponsored, 47% were the immediate relatives of U.
S. citizens, 12% were employment-based preferences, 4% were part of the Diversity Immigrant Visa program, 13% were refugees and/or asylum seekers. The remainder included small numbers from several other categories, including those who were granted the Special Immigrant Visa; the economic and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding such issues as maintaining ethnic homogeneity, workers for employers versus jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility and voting behavior. Prior to 1965, policies such as the national origins formula limited immigration and naturalization opportunities for people from areas outside Western Europe. Exclusion laws enacted as early as the 1880s prohibited or restricted immigration from Asia, quota laws enacted in the 1920s curtailed Eastern European immigration; the civil rights movement led to the replacement of these ethnic quotas with per-country limits. Since the number of first-generation immigrants living in the United States has quadrupled.
Research suggests that immigration to the United States is beneficial to the U. S. economy. With few exceptions, the evidence suggests that on average, immigration has positive economic effects on the native population, but it is mixed as to whether low-skilled immigration adversely affects low-skilled natives. Studies show that immigrants have lower crime rates than natives in the United States. Research shows that the United States excels at assimilating first- and second-generation immigrants relative to many other Western countries. American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: the colonial period, the mid-19th century, the start of the 20th century, post-1965; each period brought distinct national groups and ethnicities to the United States. During the 17th century 400,000 English people migrated to Colonial America. However, only half stayed permanently, they comprised 85-90% of white immigrants. From 1700 to 1775 between 350-500,000 Europeans immigrated: the estimates vary in the sources.
Only 52,000 English immigrated in the period 1701 to 1775. A figure questioned as too low; the rest, 400-450,000 were Scots, Scots-Irish from Ulster and Swiss, French Huguenots, involuntarily 300,000 Africans. Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries arrived as indentured servants, they numbered 350,000. On the eve of the War for Independence 1770 to 1775 7,000 English, 15,00 Scots, 13,200 Scots-Irish, 5,200 Germans, 3,900 Irish Catholics arrived Fully half the English immigrants were young single men, well-skilled, trained artisans like the Huguenots The European populations of the Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey and Delaware were ethnically mixed, the English constituting only 30 in Pennsylvania, 40% in New Jersey to 45% in New York (numbered22 thousand or 18% in NY; the mid-19th century saw an influx from northern Europe from the same major ethnic groups as for the Colonial Period but with large numbers of Catholic Irish and Scandinavians added to the mix.
Historians estimate that fewer than 1 million immigrants moved to the United States from Europe between 1600 and 1799. By comparison, in the first federal census, in 1790, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214; the Naturalization Act of 1790 limited naturalization to "free white persons". This made the United States an outlier, since laws that made racial distinctions were uncommon in the world in the 18th Century. In the early years of the United States, immigration was fewer than 8,000 people a year, including French refugees from the slave revolt in Haiti. After 1820, immigration increased. From 1836 to 1914, over 30 million Europeans migrated to the United States; the death rate on these transatlantic voyages was high, during. In 1875, the nation passed its first immigration law, the Page Act of 1875. After an initial wave of immigration from China following the California Gold Rush, Congress passed a series of laws culminating in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, banning all immigration from China until the law's repeal in 1943.
In the late 1800s, immigration from other Asian countries to the West Coas
Christopher James Christie is an American politician, former federal prosecutor, political commentator who served as the 55th Governor of New Jersey from 2010 to 2018. During his governorship, he chaired the Opioid and Drug Abuse Commission in 2017. Christie became an ABC News contributor in 2018 after leaving office. Christie was raised in Livingston, he volunteered for Thomas Kean's gubernatorial campaign at age 15. After graduating in 1984 from the University of Delaware, he earned a J. D. at Seton Hall. He practiced law from 1987 to 2002, he was elected county freeholder for Morris County, serving from 1995 to 1998. By 2002, he had campaigned for George W. Bush. S. Attorney for New Jersey, a position he held from 2002 to 2008. Christie won the 2009 Republican primary for Governor of New Jersey, defeating the incumbent Jon Corzine in the general election. During his first term, he was credited with cutting spending, capping property tax growth, was praised for his response to and recovery efforts after Hurricane Sandy, was re-elected by a wide margin in 2013.
Christie is a moderate Republican relative to the national GOP. After the start of his second term as governor, Christie's standing was damaged by the Fort Lee lane closure scandal. Since he has ranked among the least popular governors in the United States. By June 2017, he was found to have an approval rating of 15%, the lowest recorded for any New Jersey governor; as of July 2017, his disapproval rating of 69% was the highest of all governors in the nation. Christie chaired the Republican Governors Association for the 2014 election cycle. On June 30, 2015, he announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination in the 2016 presidential election, he suspended his candidacy on February 10, 2016, soon after endorsed Donald Trump, who named him head of his transition planning team. Christie was considered to be Trump's running mate but was not chosen. Soon after the election, Christie was replaced on the transition team by Mike Pence, as were three of Christie's associates, he chaired the Drug Abuse Commission in 2017 after being appointed by Trump.
He has been offered numerous positions in Donald Trump's cabinet, but only considered being the Attorney General. Christie was born in Newark, New Jersey, to Sondra A. a telephone receptionist, Wilbur James "Bill" Christie, a certified public accountant who graduated from Rutgers Business School. His mother was of Italian ancestry, father is of German and Irish descent. Christie's family moved to Livingston, New Jersey, after the 1967 Newark riots, Christie lived there until he graduated from Livingston High School in 1980. At Livingston High School, Christie served as class president and played catcher for the baseball team. Christie's father and mother were Democratic, respectively, he has credited, his Democratic-leaning mother for indirectly making him a Republican by encouraging him in 1977 to volunteer for the gubernatorial candidate who became his role model: Tom Kean. Christie had become interested in Kean after the politician a state legislator, spoke to Christie's junior high school class.
Christie graduated from the University of Delaware with a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1984 and Seton Hall University School of Law with a J. D. in 1987. He was admitted to the New Jersey State Bar Association and the Bar of the United States District Court, District of New Jersey, in December 1987, he was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Rutgers University and Monmouth University in 2010. In 1986, Christie married a fellow student at the University of Delaware. After marrying, they shared a studio apartment in New Jersey. Mary Pat Christie pursued a career in investment banking and worked at the Wall Street firm Cantor Fitzgerald. Through April 2015 she was a managing director at the Wall Street investment firm Angelo, Gordon & Co. Christie and Mary Pat have two daughters; the family resides in Mendham Township. Christie's hobbies have included coaching Little League, cheering for the New York Mets, attending Bruce Springsteen concerts. Christie's other favorite sports teams are the New York Knicks, New York Rangers, Dallas Cowboys.
In 1987, Christie joined the law firm of Hewit & Palatucci of Cranford, New Jersey. In 1993, he was named a partner in the firm. Christie specialized in securities law, appellate practice, election law, government affairs, he is a member of the American Bar Association and the New Jersey State Bar Association and was a member of the Election Law Committee of the New Jersey State Bar Association. From 1999 to 2001, Christie was registered statehouse lobbyist for Hewit. Christie volunteered for President George H. W. Bush's 1992 re-election campaign in New Jersey, became close to Bush's state director, Bill Palatucci. Following the campaign, Christie decided to run for office, moved to Mendham Township. In 1993, Christie launched a primary challenge against the New Jersey Senate Majority Leader, John H. Dorsey. However, Christie's campaign ended after Dorsey challenged the validity of Christie's petition to appear on the ballot. In 1994, Christie was elected as a Republican to the Board of Chosen Freeholders, or legislators, for Morris County, New Jersey, after he and a running mate defeated incumbent freeholders in the party primary.
Following the election, the defeated incumbents filed a defamation lawsuit against Ch
New Jersey Democratic State Committee
The New Jersey Democratic State Committee is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of New Jersey. John Currie is the chairman and Lizette Delgado-Polanco is the vice-chairwoman; the party follows the platform of the Democratic National Committee. The NJDSC is the state affiliate of the U. S. Democratic Party with an executive committee composed of 13 state Democratic officials. In addition the party has Democratic County Chairs for each of the state's 21 counties; the New Jersey Democratic Party holds a majority in the New Jersey Senate and the New Jersey General Assembly. The party holds both U. S. Senate seats, 11 of the state's 12 U. S. House controls the governor's and lieutenant governor's offices. Governor: Phil Murphy Lieutenant Governor: Sheila Oliver Bob Menendez Cory Booker Donald Norcross, 1st District Jeff Van Drew, 2nd District Andy Kim, 3rd District Josh Gottheimer, 5th District Frank Pallone, 6th District Tom Malinowski, 7th District Albio Sires, 8th District Bill Pascrell, 9th District Donald M. Payne, Jr. 10th District Mikie Sherrill, 11th District Bonnie Watson Coleman, 12th District On January 19, 2006 the Star-Ledger published the findings of quarterly reports by the New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission.
The reports found that the NJDSC had raised $6 million and spent over $6 million in the 2005 election year. The organization representing Democratic Members of the Assembly, called the Democratic Assembly Campaign Committee, had raised a little over $6.5 million and spent about $6.7 million. The organization representing Democratic State Senators, called the Senate Democratic Majority, had raised $1.3 million and spent $1 million. In total the three State Democratic organizations had raised nearly $14 million and spent about $14.1 million in 2005. In comparison, the New Jersey Republican State Committee, the state affiliate of the Republican Party, had raised about $2.2 million and spent $2.1 million. The organization representing Republican Assemblymen called the Assembly Republican Victory had raised $2.2 million and spent $2.4 million. The organization representing the Republican State Senators called the Senate Republican Majority had raised a little more than $700,000 and spent about $640,000.
In total the three State Republican organizations had raised $5.2 million and spent around $5.2 million. James R. Nugent Edward Everett Grosscup Charles F. McDonald Harry Heher Mary Teresa Norton William H. Kelly David Theodore Wilentz Crawford Jamieson Mary Teresa Norton Edward J. Hart Charles R. Howell George E. Brunner Thorn Lord Robert J. Burkhardt Salvatore A. Bontempo James P. Dugan Richard J. Coffee James F. Maloney Raymond M. Durkin Philip M. Keegan Raymond Lesniak Tom Byrne Thomas P. Giblin Joseph J. Roberts Bonnie Watson Coleman Joseph Cryan John S. Wisniewski John Currie New Jersey Democratic State Committee
218th New Jersey Legislature
The 218th New Jersey Legislature began on January 9, 2018 following the 2017 Elections. The session started in the end of Chris Christie's governorship and continued in the first two years of Phil Murphy's governorship; the elections where held on November 2017 alongside the 2017 New Jersey gubernatorial election. Phil Murphy and Sheila Oliver where elected Lieutenant Governor. In the elections for Senate republicans lost a net gain of one seat while in the Assembly elections republicans lost a net gain of two. Senate President: Stephen M. Sweeney President Pro Temp.: Teresa Ruiz Majority Leader: Loretta Weinberg Minority Leader: Thomas Kean Jr. Spaeker: Craig Coughlin Majority Leader: Louis Greenwald Minority Leader: Jon Bramnick The Senate has 40 members, one for each district The Assembly has 80 members, two for each district. Outgoing Governor Chris Christie delivered is last State of the State on January 9, 2018, he touted his legacy as Governor, such as his response to Hurricane Sandy, among other things.
On January 15, 2019 Governor Phil Murphy his first State of the State Address. In his address he called on the legislature to raise the minimum wage from $8 to $15, legalize recreational marijuana, tax reform, he touted his achievements in his first year such as raising income taxes on people making more than $5 million a year, beginning to make community college tuition free, increasing funding to Planned Parenthood, tighter gun laws. Again on March 5, 2019 Murphy addressed the Legislature to deliver his budget address. In the address he called for universal pre-k, eliminating tuition for community college, taxes on people with high income, increased spending. Senate President Stephen M. Sweeney, Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin said they are opposed to Murphy's proposed tax increases. List of New Jersey state legislatures
In common law systems, a superior court is a court of general competence which has unlimited jurisdiction with regard to civil and criminal legal cases. A superior court is "superior" relative to a court with limited jurisdiction, restricted to civil cases involving monetary amounts with a specific limit, or criminal cases involving offenses of a less serious nature. A superior court may hear appeals from lower courts; the term "superior court" has its origins in the English court system. The royal courts were the highest courts in the country, with what would now be termed supervisory jurisdiction over baronial and local courts. Decisions of those courts could be reviewed by the royal courts, as part of the Crown's role as the ultimate fountain of justice; the royal courts became known as the "superior courts", while lower courts whose decisions could be reviewed by the royal courts became known as "inferior courts". The decisions of the superior courts were not reviewable or appealable, unless an appeal was created by statute.
Superior Courts in Canada exist at the federal and territorial levels. The provincial and territorial superior courts of original jurisdiction are courts of general jurisdiction: all legal matters fall within their jurisdiction, unless assigned elsewhere by statute passed by the appropriate legislative authority, their jurisdiction includes civil lawsuits involving contracts, torts and family law. They have jurisdiction over criminal prosecutions for indictable offences under the Criminal Code of Canada, they hear civil appeals from decisions of the provincial and territorial "inferior" courts, as well as appeals from those courts in summary conviction matters under the Criminal Code. They have jurisdiction of judicial review over administrative decisions by provincial or territorial government entities such as labour boards, human rights tribunals and licensing authorities; the superior courts of appeal hear appeals from the superior courts of original jurisdiction, as well as from the inferior courts and administrative tribunals.
The jurisdiction of the superior courts of appeal are statutory. The details of their jurisdiction will vary depending on the laws passed by the federal government and the particular province or territory. All judges of the provincial superior courts are appointed by the federal government under the authority of the Constitution Act, 1867, while judges of the territorial superior courts are appointed under the authority of their respective territorial acts passed by the federal Parliament; the judges of the Federal Courts are appointed by the federal government under the authority of the Federal Courts Act. In Hong Kong, the Court of Final Appeal, the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance, are all superior courts of record; the general superior courts of South Africa are the High Courts, the Supreme Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Court. The High Courts are courts of first instance with general jurisdiction. Most cases are, tried in the magistrates' courts or other lower courts, appeals from these courts are heard by the High Court.
The Supreme Court of Appeal is an appellate court, hearing appeals from the High Courts. The Constitutional Court is an appellate court, hearing appeals on constitutional matters from the Supreme Court of Appeal or in some cases directly from the High Courts; the Constitutional Court occasionally acts as a court of first instance in certain cases involving the constitutionality of laws and government actions. There are specialist superior courts with exclusive jurisdiction over certain matters; the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the superior court of record of the United Kingdom and is the final appellate court for all separate legal systems of the parts of the United Kingdom. In England and Wales, the Court of Appeal, the High Court and the Crown Court, altogether form the Senior Courts of England and Wales, are all superior courts of record; the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the final forum for several independent Commonwealth nations as well as all Overseas Territories of the United Kingdom and Crown Dependencies, thus is the superior court in its capacity as the final appellate court of the respective legal systems.
In a number of jurisdictions in the United States, the Superior Court is a state trial court of general jurisdiction with power to hear and decide any civil or criminal action, not specially designated to be heard in some other courts. California, Washington, the District of Columbia, Georgia are all examples of such jurisdictions. In other states, equivalent courts are known as courts of common pleas, circuit courts, district courts or, in the case of New York, supreme courts; the term "superior court" raises the obvious question of superior to what. Many jurisdictions had inferior trial courts of limited jurisdiction such as municipal courts, traffic courts, justice of the peace courts, so it was natural to call the next level of courts "superior." However, some states, like California, have unified their court systems. In California, all lower courts were absorbed into the Superior Courts of California after 1998; the lower courts now exist only as mere administrative subdivisions of the superior courts.
The superior courts are no
New Jersey Senate
The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council. There are 40 legislative districts, representing districts with average populations of 210,359; each district has one senator and two members of the New Jersey General Assembly, the lower house of the legislature. Prior to the election in which they are chosen, senators must be a minimum of 30 years old and a resident of the state for four years to be eligible to serve in office. From 1844 until 1965, each county was an electoral district, with each county electing one senator. Under the 1844 Constitution the term of office was three years; the 1947 Constitution changed the term to four years. Since 1968 it has consisted of 40 senators. Senators serve a two-year term at the beginning of each decade, with the rest of the decade divided into two four-year terms; the "2-4-4" cycle was put into place so that Senate elections can reflect the changes made to the district boundaries on the basis of the decennial United States Census.
If the cycle were not put into place the boundaries would sometimes be four years out of date before being used for Senate elections. Rather, with the varied term, the boundaries are only two years out of date, thus elections for Senate seats take place in years ending with a "1", "3" or "7". Interim appointments are made to fill vacant legislative seats by the county committee or committees of the party of the vacating person; the office is on the ballot for the next general election, unless the vacancy occurred within 51 days of the election. The appointment stands until the following general election. Senatorial courtesy is a senate tradition that allows home county legislators to intercede to prevent consideration of a local resident nominated by the Governor for a position that requires Senate confirmation. Any of the senators from the nominee's home county can invoke senatorial courtesy to block a nomination, temporarily or permanently, without any obligation to justify the basis of their actions.
Governor Corzine nominated Stuart Rabner on June 4, 2007, to be the next Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, replacing James R. Zazzali, nearing mandatory retirement age. Shortly after the nomination, two members of the Senate from Essex County, where Rabner resides, blocked consideration of his confirmation by invoking senatorial courtesy. State Senator Ronald Rice had blocked the nomination, but relented on June 15, 2007, after a meeting with the governor. Nia Gill dropped her block on June 19, 2007, but did not explain the nature of her concerns, though anonymous lawmakers cited in The New York Times indicated that the objection was due to Rabner's race and Governor Corzine's failure to consider a minority candidate for the post. In June 2007, Loretta Weinberg used senatorial courtesy privileges to hold up consideration of a new term in office for Bergen County Prosecutor John Molinelli; until 2010, in the event of a gubernatorial vacancy, the New Jersey Constitution had specified that the President of the Senate would assume the role of Acting Governor and retain their role in the Senate.
An Acting Governor would assume the governorship while retaining the reins of power in their house of the legislature. The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey took office for the first time on January 19, 2010, following conjoint election with the Governor of New Jersey; the position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8, 2005. While the amendment itself took effect as of January 17, 2006, made some interim changes to the succession to the governorship, the first lieutenant governor was not elected until November 3, 2009. District 1: Bob Andrzejczak District 2: Chris A. Brown District 3: Stephen M. Sweeney District 4: Fred H. Madden District 5: Nilsa Cruz-Perez District 6: James Beach District 7: Troy Singleton District 8: Dawn Marie Addiego District 9: Christopher J. Connors District 10: James W. Holzapfel District 11: Vin Gopal District 12: Samuel D. Thompson District 13: Declan O'Scanlon District 14: Linda R. Greenstein District 15: Shirley Turner District 16: Christopher Bateman District 17: Bob Smith District 18: Patrick J. Diegnan District 19: Joseph Vitale District 20: Joseph Cryan District 21: Thomas Kean, Jr. District 22: Nicholas Scutari District 23: Michael J. Doherty District 24: Steve Oroho District 25: Anthony Bucco District 26: Joseph Pennacchio District 27: Richard Codey District 28: Ronald Rice District 29: Teresa Ruiz District 30: Robert Singer District 31: Sandra Bolden Cunningham District 32: Nicholas Sacco District 33: Brian P. Stack District 34: Nia Gill District 35: Nellie Pou District 36: Paul Sarlo District 37: Loretta Weinberg District 38: Joseph Lagana District 39: Gerald Cardinale District 40: Kristin Corrado Committee chairs for the 2018-2019 Legislative Session are: Budget and Appropriations - Paul Sarlo Commerce - Nellie Pou Community and Urban Affairs - Jeff Van Drew Economic Growth - Nilsa Cruz-Perez Education - Teresa Ruiz Environment and Energy - Bob Smith Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens - Joseph Vitale Higher Education - Sandra Bolden Cunningh
Morristown, New Jersey
Morristown is a town and the county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Morristown has been called "the military capital of the American Revolution" because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain. Today this history is visible in a variety of locations throughout the town that collectively make up Morristown National Historical Park. According to British colonial records, the first permanent European settlement at Morristown occurred in 1715, when a settlement was founded as New Hanover by migrants from New York and Connecticut. Morris County was created on March 1739, from portions of Hunterdon County; the county, Morristown itself, was named for the popular Governor of the Province, Lewis Morris, who championed benefits for the colonists. Morristown was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1865, within Morris Township, it was formally set off from the township in 1895; as of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 18,411, reflecting a decline of 133 from the 18,544 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,355 from the 16,189 counted in the 1990 Census.
The area was inhabited by the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for up to 6,000 years prior to exploration of Europeans. The first European settlements in this portion of New Jersey were established by the Swedes and Dutch in the early 17th century, when a significant trade in furs existed between the natives and the Europeans at temporary posts, it became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, but the English seized control of the region in 1664, granted to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, as the Province of New Jersey. Morristown was settled around 1715 by English Presbyterians from Southold, New York on Long Island and New Haven, Connecticut as the village of New Hanover; the town's central location and road connections led to its selection as the seat of the new Morris County shortly after its separation from Hunterdon County on March 15, 1739. The village and county were named for Lewis Morris, the first and sitting royal governor of a united colony of New Jersey.
By the middle of the 18th century, Morristown had 250 residents, with two churches, a courthouse, two taverns, two schools, several stores, numerous mills and farms nearby. George Washington first came to Morristown in May 1773, two years before the Revolutionary War broke out, traveled from there to New York City together with John Parke Custis and Lord Stirling. In 1777, General George Washington and the Continental Army marched from the victories at Trenton and Princeton to encamp near Morristown from January to May. Washington had his headquarters during that first encampment at Jacob Arnold's Tavern located at the Morristown Green in the center of the town. Morristown was selected for its strategic location, it was between Philadelphia and New York and near New England while being protected from British forces behind the Watchung Mountains. It was chosen for the skills and trades of the residents, local industries and natural resources to provide arms, what was thought to be the ability of the community to provide enough food to support the army.
The churches were used for inoculations for smallpox. That first headquarters, Arnold's Tavern, was moved.5 miles south of the green onto Mount Kemble Avenue to become All Souls Hospital in the late 19th century. It suffered a fire in 1918, the original structure was demolished, but new buildings for the hospital were built directly across the street. From December 1779 to June 1780 the Continental Army's second encampment at Morristown was at Jockey Hollow. Washington's headquarters in Morristown was located at the Ford Mansion, a large mansion near what was the'edge of town.' Ford's widow and children shared the house with Martha Washington and officers of the Continental Army. The winter of 1780 was the worst winter of the Revolutionary War; the starvation was complicated by extreme inflation of lack of pay for the army. The entire Pennsylvania contingent mutinied and 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them. During Washington's second stay, in March 1780, he declared St. Patrick's Day a holiday to honor his many Irish troops.
Martha Washington traveled from Virginia and remained with her husband each winter throughout the war. The Marquis de Lafayette came to Washington in Morristown to inform him that France would be sending ships and trained soldiers to aid the Continental Army; the Ford Mansion, Jockey Hollow, Fort Nonsense are all preserved as part of Morristown National Historical Park managed by the National Park Service, which has the distinction among historic preservationists of being the first National Historical Park established in the United States. During Washington's stay, Benedict Arnold was court-martialed at Dickerson's Tavern, on Spring Street, for charges related to profiteering from military supplies at Philadelphia, his admonishment was made public, but Washington promised the hero, Arnold, to make it up to him. Alexander Hamilton courted and wed Elizabeth Schuyler at a residence where Washington's personal physician was billeted. Locally known as the Schuyler-Hamilton House, the Dr. Jabez Campfield House is listed on both the New Jersey and National Register of Historic Places.
The Morristown Green has a statue commemorating the meeting of George Washington, the young Marquis de LaFayette, young Alexander Hamilton depicting them discussing forthcoming aid of French tall ships and troops being sent by King Louis XVI of France to aid the Continental Army. Morristown's Burnham Park has a statue of the "Father of the American Revolution", Thomas Paine, who wr