Delaware Democratic Party
The Delaware Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Delaware, headquartered in unincorporated New Castle County. Erik Raser-Schramm is the state Chair; the Delaware Democratic Party is one of the two biggest parties in the state of Delaware and has existed since the Jacksonian Democrats broke away from the Federalists in 1825. Besides their most prominent current political figure, former Vice President Joe Biden, the party occupies all federal seats for the state in Congress and has majority control over the state legislative and executive branch; as the first state of the United States, Delaware was at the forefront of the creation in U. S. political parties. The origins of the Delaware Democratic Party can be traced back to the original anti-federalist party. While key difference divide this part from the Democratic Party today, key issues involving government involvement and ideologies such as Jeffersonian and Jacksonian can be linked to modern day ideals of the Delaware Democratic party.
Yet, despite being one of the first states with true parties, the spiritual predecessor of the Democratic party struggled to support its agenda in the state. It wasn't until the splitting of parties into federalists and Jacksonians that the Democratic party got its first true start. With only one bad loss in 1855 to the American Party, the Democratic Party dominated politics up until the end of Reconstruction in the United States. Most fascinating of all, was. Despite being a northern state, Delaware Democrats opposed the abolition of slavery and named themselves "the white man's party" as they fought the Republican congress during Reconstruction. With 36 years of election dominance, the Democrats fell out of power due to one major factor, the growth of industry in the state. Following the ousting of the Democrats in both the federal and state sector, the Republican party remained the dominate party throughout the early 1900s and up until World War II; when John Addicks attempted to illegally purchase the Republican seat in the U.
S. Senate, the Democrats were unable to capitalize. To emphasize just how far the party had fallen, the seat that Addicks attempted to take lay vacant for four consecutive terms with the Democrats unable to take it despite the clear corrupt actions of the Republican candidate Addicks. From 1897 to 1936, Delaware Democrats were irrelevant in politics with Republicans either dominating the state senate and house of Representatives or the Democrats absent from federal politics. With the power of industry overriding agriculture, the Democratic Party was not be able to regain an equal footing in the state until Franklin D. Roosevelt came into office. Following its period of weakness, the Democratic Party of Delaware began to regain an equal foothold with its Republican Rival following World War II. While evidence Republican domination could be still be see in the form of J. Caleb Boggs and John J. Williams, the third member of this "Big Three" was a Democrat named Elbert Carvel. Carvel served two terms as the governor of the state and helped keep his party relevant when they did not control the state.
Despite what occurred in the past, The Democrats of the late 1970s to 2000 held an equal footing in the state, neither party gaining serious ground on the other. Democrats would end up holding the Governor position in the state for 30 years in comparison to their counterparts possession of the position for 29. After the Republicans had held the office of the Governor more than 20 years, the Democrats took it back and continue to occupy it to this day. In the past few years, the Democratic Party has risen to become the most popular party in the state of Delaware; the party has control at the state level over the Legislative branch. The Delaware Democratic Party basis of its platform on the policy of inclusiveness and using this policy to help strengthen and assist the citizens it is tasked to govern. Families: The Delaware Democratic Party believes that there are many types of families in the world and that all of them should be supported. No matter what a family looks like, the party believe that diverse families make up the backbone of American society.
With policies supporting social security, women's choice, reduction of poverty, improved health care, the Democratic party of Delaware hopes to strength family units that make up society. Education: For the Delaware Democratic Party, all children are entitled to a good public education and enrollment to college if they choose to pursue it; the party seeks to make education affordable for everyone, improve the system damaged by No Child Left Behind, expanding education opportunities. Environment: As a members of the United States, the Delaware Democratic Party supports the use of clean energy and promotes the usage of green methods to improve the environment. Options such as offering incentives to those who utilize green methods, supporting energy transition from fossil fuels to alternative fuels, increasing public transportation are just some of the things that the Delaware Democrats support. Economy: In pursuing economic interests, the Delaware Democrats believe the most vital aspect is strong leadership.
Democrats for this state support increased leadership for their state in the federal realm, account leaders in their state, developing ways for incorporating new technology and ideologies in their government and economic system. Organized labor: In support of those employed in Delaware, the party seeks to enact policies such as a living wages, enforce fair collective bargaining agreements, require employers to provide insurance for their employees. Safety and emergency preparedness: The Democratic
Florida Democratic Party
The Florida Democratic Party is the state branch of the United States Democratic Party in the state of Florida, headquartered in Tallahassee. The Florida Democratic Party has dominated Florida's state and local politics; as Florida moved from territory to statehood status, the FDP emerged out of the locofocos. John Milton led the party, became Governor of the state, during the Civil War era. There were no Republican governors from 1877 until 1967, when Claude R. Kirk, a Republican from Jacksonville, was sworn in as Governor of Florida. Florida politics was dominated by the Democrats until Richard Nixon's Southern strategy, which took advantage of white objections to the advances of the Civil Rights Movement which resulted in a regional political realignment for the South. After Nixon's victory in 1968, the state voted Democratic in only four Presidential elections: 1976, 1996, 2008 and 2012; the presidential election in 2000 was decided by a margin of 537 votes out of six million cast in the state, earning George W. Bush the presidency over Al Gore.
The Florida Senate was dominated by Democrats until 1992, when a majority of Republicans was elected. The Florida House of Representatives turned Republican after the November 1996 election. Since the number of Democrats in both chambers have continued to drop; the Florida Legislature became the first legislature in any of the states of the former Confederacy to come under complete Republican control when the Republicans gained control of the House and Senate in the 1996 election. However, in the 2006 election the Democrats gained seats in the State House, the first time this had occurred since the early 1980s. In the 2006 election, the Democratic nominee for governor was U. S. Representative Jim Davis from Tampa, Florida, he lost the election to Florida Attorney General Charlie Crist. The most Democratic region of the state is South Florida, which contains the large cities of Miami, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach; the Tampa Bay region is relatively Democratic, although it has become much more competitive in recent electoral cycles.
Leon County, which contains the state capitol of Tallahassee and Florida State University, Alachua County, home to the city of Gainesville and the University of Florida, are strong Democratic areas. North Florida and the panhandle are very Democratic on the local level, although those two regions are solid Republican strongholds in presidential elections. Florida Democrats demanded, on March 13, 2008, a new primary vote, state party officials had a proposal for recouping the 210 delegates the Sunshine State lost when it moved its primary ahead of the approved time frame. After weeks of negotiations, the Florida Democratic Party said on March 17, 2008 that it would not hold a second primary in the state; the current chairwoman of the FDP is Terrie Rizzo, who succeeded Stephen Bittel on December 9, 2017. Scott Maddox: Maddox, the former mayor of Tallahassee, served as FDP Chairman from 2003 to 2006, leaving the post to run for governor; the Associated Press noted that while Democrats suffered electoral defeats during his tenure, party activists recognized he had built up the party's infrastructure and volunteer base."Karen Thurman: Thurman, a former five-term member of Congress from Florida's 5th District, served from 2005 to 2010.
She was elected Chairman of the FDP in 2005, succeeding Scott Maddox, who resigned in order to seek the Democratic nomination for governor. Thurman resigned following the midterm elections. Rod Smith: In November 2010, Smith was elected Chairman of the Florida Democratic Party, succeeding Karen Thurman who resigned on November 12, 2010 following the midterm elections. Smith, a former Alachua County State Prosecutor and State Senator from the 14th district, became chair following his unsuccessful bid for lieutenant governor in 2010. Smith's term expired in January 2013. Allison Tant: In December 2013, former lobbyist and Democratic fundraiser Allison Tant announced she would seek the chairmanship of the FDP, she was elected in January 2014, after a contested race against Hillsborough State Committeeman Alan Clendenin. After large national losses in 2014, Debbie Wasserman Schultz commissioned the Victory Task Force to "take a deep dive" to figure out what went wrong in 2014. Chair Tant created the state-level LEAD Task Force, to learn the lessons of the statewide Democratic defeat.
Stephen Bittel: Bittel, who founded Terranova in 1980, is still an active Democrat in the state. He was chosen for his fundraising ability after the 2016 election, but many critics noted his ability to curry influence with his immense wealth. In November 2017, he was accused of inappropriate office behavior, subsequently left his role. Terrie Rizzo: In December 2017, Rizzo was elected to replace Stephen Bittel, defeating Stacey Patel in an 830-291 vote; the Democratic Executive Committee of the FDP is organized into nine standing committees: Standing Committees include: Finance, Credentials and Bylaws, Affirmative Action, Voter Registration, Campaign, Legislative Liaison, Interclub Council, Young Democrats and Communications. The following is a list of Democratic statewide and legislative officeholders as of October 23, 2018: Democrats hold a 17-23 minority in the 40-member Florida Senate. Democrats hold a 47-73 minority in the 120-seat Florida House of Representatives; some of the state's major cities have Democratic mayors.
As of 2018, Democrats control the mayor's offices in five of Florida's ten largest cities: Tampa: Bob Buckhorn Orlando: Budd
Democratic Party of Georgia
The Democratic Party of Georgia is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the U. S. state of Georgia. It is one of the two major political parties in the state, it is chaired by Nikema Williams. For over a century, the Democratic Party dominated Georgia state and local politics. From 1872 to 2002, the Democratic Party controlled the Governor's Mansion, both houses of the state legislature and most statewide offices. In 1976, Democratic Governor Jimmy Carter was elected the 39th President of the United States. After switching to the Republican Party in 1998, Sonny Perdue went on to defeat Democrat Roy Barnes in the 2002 gubernatorial election. Perdue's unexpected victory marked the beginning of a decline for the Democratic Party of Georgia. Georgia House Speaker Tom Murphy, the longest serving Speaker in any state legislature, lost his bid for another term in the state House. Four Democrats in the Georgia State Senate changed their political affiliation, handing the upper house to the GOP, and in 2004, the Democratic Party lost control of the Georgia House of Representatives, putting the party in the minority for the first time in Georgia history.
The Democratic Party of Georgia entered the 2010 elections with hopes that former Governor Roy Barnes could win back the Governor's Mansion. Polls showed a tight race between Barnes and Republican gubernatorial nominee Nathan Deal, with some predicting a runoff election. However, on election day, Republicans won every statewide office; the Chairman of the Democratic Party of Georgia is Nikema Williams. Porter was elected in August 2013 via special election and was reelected in January 2015 to serve a full four-year term. In 2019, First Vice Chair Nikema Williams was voted to succeed him. Seven individuals—Chairman DuBose Porter, First Vice Chair Nikema Williams, Wendy Davis, former state AFL-CIO President Richard Ray, Sally Rosser, State Representative Pamela Stephenson and former state Democratic Party Chairman David Worley—were elected to represent Georgia on the Democratic National Committee. State Representative Robert Trammell serves as Minority Leader in the Georgia House of Representatives.
State Senator Steve Henson serves as Minority Leader in the Georgia Senate. Officers of the Democratic Party of Georgia are elected by the state Democratic committee at a January meeting following each regular gubernatorial election. Democratic Party of Georgia officers serve four-year terms, there is no limit on the number of terms an individual can serve as a Democratic Party of Georgia officer. Below are the current officers of the Democratic Party of Georgia: Chair: DuBose Porter First Vice Chair: Nikema Williams Congressional District/County Liaison Vice Chair: Sarah Todd Constituency Group Vice Chair: State Representative Pedro "Pete" Marin Candidate Recruitment Vice Chair: Ted Terry Secretary: Stephanie Woods Miller Treasurer: Kip Carr African American Caucus AAPI Caucus disABILITY Caucus Greening Georgia Latino Caucus LGBTQ Caucus Senior Caucus Veterans Caucus Five Democrats represent Georgia in the United States House of Representatives; the Democrats do not hold either of the two United State Senate seats.
To date, the last Democratic senator from Georgia was Zell Miller, serving from 2000 to 2005. Members of United States Congress U. S. House of Representatives Sanford Bishop, 2nd District Hank Johnson, 4th District John Lewis, 5th District Lucy McBath, 6th District David Scott, 13th DistrictThe Democratic Party of Georgia controls none of the fourteen state constitutional offices; the Democrats control 20 of 63 of 180 state house seats. Two-year terms of office apply to both houses, the entire membership of each body is elected at the same time in even-numbered years. Since 1948, the Democrats have secured the state of Georgia 7 times, while the Republican party secured Georgia 8 times. However, during the past 6 presidential elections, the Democrats won the state of Georgia only once, in 1992. Bill Clinton won 43.47% of the vote while incumbent President George H. W. Bush carried 42.88%, while losing his quest for a 2nd term. DuBose Porter Nikema Williams Wendy Davis Louis Elrod Sheikh Rahman Richard Ray Sally Rosser Rep. Pam StephensonAppointed by DNC Chair Tom Perez Mayor Kasim Reed Dan Halpern Thomas Hardeman L. N. Trammell Charles F. Clay B. H. Bigham Hoke Smith William Yates Atkinson Allen Fort Alexander Stephens Clay Fleming W. Dubignon E. T. Brown E. J. Yeomans Alexander Lawton Miller Hewlett A. Hall Charles R. Pendleton W. C. Wright William J. Harris William S.
West E. J. Reagan John James Flynt, Sr. William Jerome Vereen G. E. Maddox 1925-30 Lawrence S. Camp 1930-32 Hugh Howell Charles S. Reid 1937 Jim L. Gillis 1939 William Y. Atkinson, Jr. 1942 J. Lon Duckworth James S. Peters John Sammons Bell J. B. Fuqua James Gray David Gambrell Charles Kirbo Marge Thurman Al Holloway Bert Lance John Henry Anderson Ed Sims John Blackmon David Worley Calvin Smyre Bobby Kahn Jane Kidd Mike Berlon Nikema Williams DuBose Porter Nikema Williams Political party strength in Georgia Democratic Party of Georgia Young Democrats of Georgia
Rhode Island Democratic Party
The Rhode Island Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Rhode Island. Joseph McNamara is the chairman of the Party. For the past five decades, the Democratic Party has dominated politics in Rhode Island; the article further discusses the Democratic Party's dominance in Rhode Island politics as well as the elected officials, party leadership and staff, past election results and issue stance. For nearly five decades, Rhode Island has been one of the nation's most solidly Democratic states. Since 1928, it has voted for the Republican presidential candidate only four times and it has elected only one Republican to the U. S. Senate since 1934. Rhode Island sent no Republicans to the U. S. House from 1940 until 1980, when one Republican and one Democrat were elected. In 1980, Rhode Island was one of only six states to favor Jimmy Carter. However, in 1984, Republican Edward DiPrete was elected governor and Ronald Reagan narrowly carried the state in the presidential election.
In the 2000 presidential election, Democrat Al Gore won 61% of the popular vote. Although, an analysis of Gallup polling data shows the Democratic advantage over the Republican Party in Rhode Island voters has plunged over the last two years; the Democratic advantage over the Republican Party in Rhode Island slid from 37 percentage points in 2008 to 16 points this year, according to Gallup. Rhode Island has gone from being the most Democratic state in the country in 2008 to the 7th most Democratic now. Jack Reed Sheldon Whitehouse RI-01: David Cicilline RI-02: James Langevin Governor: Gina Raimondo Lieutenant Governor: Daniel McKee Secretary of State: Nellie Gorbea Attorney General: Peter Kilmartin General Treasurer: Seth Magaziner President of the Senate: Dominick J. Ruggerio Senate Majority Leader: Michael J. McCaffrey Speaker of the House: Nicholas Mattiello House Majority Leader: Joseph Shekarchi The Rhode Island Democratic Party leadership as of 2018 is as follows. Chairman: Joseph McNamara Vice Chairman: Rep. Grace Diaz 2nd Vice Chairman: Hon. James Diossa, Mayor 3rd Vice Chairman: Lisa Tomasso Secretary: Rep. Arthur Corvese Corresponding Secretary: Allene Maynard Recording Secretary: presumed vacant Treasurer: Jeff Padwa Assistant Treasurer: Marcia Reback National Committeeman: Hon. Joseph R. Paolino, Jr.
National Committeewomen: Edna O'Neill Mattson Executive Director: Tolulope Kevin Olasanoye Communications Director: Ann S. Gooding R. I. Dem Party Finance: Susann Della Rosa Field Organizer: Michelle Arias 2016 General Election http://wpri.com/election-results/ President Hillary Clinton 227,062 54% vote Donald Trump 166,454 39% vote David N. Cicilline 64% Russell Taub 36% James R. Langevin 58% Rhue Reis 31% John F. Reed 223,675 70.6% Mark S. Zaccaria 92,684 29.2% Write-In 539 0.2% David N. Cicilline 87,060 59.5% Cormick B. Lynch 58,877 40.2% Write-In 416 0.3%Representative in Congress District 2 James R. Langevin 105,716 62.2%' Rhue R. Reis 63,844 37.6% Write-In 344 0.2% Barack Obama 63.1% John McCain 35.2% John F. Reed 73.4% Robert G. Tingle 26.6% Patrick J. Kennedy 68.6% Jonathon P. Scott 24.3% James R. Langevin 70.1% Mark S. Zaccaria 29.9% John F. Kerry 59.4% George W. Bush 38.6% Patrick J. Kennedy 64.1% David W. Rogers 35.8% James R. Langevin 74.5% Arthur Chuck Barton III 20.8% On August 1, 2017, Rhode Island Democratic Party Chairman Joseph M. McNamara issued the following statement regarding President Trump's plan to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals nationally, effective March 5, 2018: "This is a nation built on the strength of its immigrants," said Chair McNamara.
"Every sector of our economy, every part of our culture has benefited by welcoming folks from across the globe. Turning our backs now on the children and young people who have made America their home would be heartless and cruel, it would cause unnecessary pain to families and our economy," he said. "This is not. I applaud the actions of Attorney General Kilmartin and our nation's Attorney Generals and our Democratic Congress in urging the President to preserve DACA." Rhode Island Democratic Party
Morgan Lenore Carroll is an American politician from Colorado and is the Chairwoman of the Colorado Democratic Party. A Democrat, Carroll represented Colorado House District 36 in the city of Aurora from 2004 to 2008, she represented the state's 29th Senate district from 2009 to 2017. Carroll served as President of the Colorado State Senate from 2013 to 2014 and as minority leader in 2015. Carroll stepped down as minority leader in July 2015 to unsuccessfully run against incumbent Republican Mike Coffman for Colorado's 6th congressional district in the U. S. House of Representatives. In addition to her legislative work, Carroll works for the law firm of Schanker. Morgan Carroll was born November 1971 in Denver, Colorado to John Carroll and Rebecca Bradley, her father was a lawyer who served as a Colorado State Representative for Adams County between 1964 and 1974. Her mother was an attorney and Carroll's partner at the mother/daughter disability and family-law firm Carroll & Bradley in Aurora from 2000 to 2010.
When Carroll was young, she helped care for her father after he was diagnosed with Parkinson's, Alzheimer's. Her family experienced financial difficulties during that time. Carroll graduated from Boulder High School in 1990, she worked various jobs, including at a gas station and fast-food restaurant, to pay for her education. She graduated from the University of Colorado Denver in 1996 and from the University of Colorado Law School in 2000. Carroll first ran for the Colorado House of Representatives District 36 in 2004, defeating Republican Jim Parker 55%-45%, she won reelection in 2006 with 62% of the vote against Republican Brian R. Boney. Carroll first ran for the Colorado State Senate District 29 in 2008, defeating Republican Suzanne Andrews 69%-31%, she won re-election in 2012 with 59% of the vote, defeating Republican Bill Ross and Libertarian Michele Poague. Carroll sponsored lobbying disclosure laws in 2006 and 2014. During her first year in office, she refused to discuss legislative issues with lobbyists during debate, a practice that led them to complain about her to the Democratic leadership.
Her first bill, a workers compensation measure that would allow injured workers to choose their own doctors, was opposed by 240 lobbyists and failed, as did the other two bills Carroll submitted that year. She is considered an environmentalist, has been criticized by lobbyists for oil and gas companies. In 2013, Carroll and fellow Democratic Representative Rhonda Fields sponsored Colorado House Bill 1229, which mandates universal background checks for gun purchases in the state. Senate Judiciary Committee Executive Committee of the Legislative Council Legislative Council Senate Agriculture, Natural Resources, Energy Committee Senate Health and Human Services Committee Police Officers and Firefighters Pension Reform Committee Redistricting Committee Carroll was the 2016 Democratic nominee in Colorado's 6th congressional district, she was defeated by incumbent Republican Representative Mike Coffman in the general election, in which she won 42% of the vote. Carroll was endorsed by Democratic Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper, Planned Parenthood, NARAL Pro-Choice America, EMILY's List, the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, the League of Conservation Voters.
A super PAC called Immigrant Voters Wins supported her, spending $10,000 as of September 2016. Carroll raised the majority of her contributions from individual donors. Americans For Prosperity, the conservative advocacy organization backed by the Koch family, alleged that Carroll had conflicts of interest while serving in the state senate; the Denver Post rated the claim somewhat true and wrote that AFP's claim of a conflict of interest was not true in that Carroll had not benefited from the bill, but that the Colorado Ethics Board of the General Assembly had ruled that lawmakers should proactively disclose "potential" conflicts of interest. After an unsuccessful campaign to become the next congressional representative for Colorado's 6th congressional district, Carroll shortly after announced her candidacy for the chairmanship of the Colorado Democratic Party. On March 11, 2017, Carroll was elected as the next Chairperson of the party. Carroll was married and is now divorced, her longtime partner and former campaign manager, Mike Weissman, is a member of the Colorado House of Representatives.
Carroll is the author of Take Back Your Government: A Citizen's Guide to Grassroots Change. Official website U. S. Congress campaign website
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Thomas Edward Perez is an American politician and attorney, the Chair of the Democratic National Committee since February 2017. Perez was Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights and United States Secretary of Labor. Born in Buffalo, New York, Perez is a graduate of Brown University, Harvard Law School, the John F. Kennedy School of Government, he clerked for Judge Zita Weinshienk in Colorado prior to serving as a federal civil rights prosecutor for the Department of Justice. He next worked for Senator Ted Kennedy and served as the Director of the Office for Civil Rights at the Department of Health and Human Services in the final years of the Clinton administration. Perez was elected to the Montgomery County Council in 2002, serving as the council's president from 2005, until the end of his tenure in 2006, he attempted to run for the Democratic nomination for Attorney General of Maryland, but was disqualified for not having sufficient time as a member of the Maryland state bar. Perez was appointed by Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley to serve as Secretary of the Maryland Department of Labor and Regulation in January 2007, until his October 2009 confirmation by the United States Senate as Assistant Attorney General.
In 2013, Perez was nominated by President Barack Obama to be the United States Secretary of Labor, replacing outgoing Secretary Hilda Solis. After the 2016 elections, Perez announced his candidacy for Chair of the Democratic National Committee in the 2017 party election. After a tight race against Keith Ellison, Perez was elected Chairman on the second ballot and appointed Ellison as deputy chair. Thomas Edward Perez was born and raised in Buffalo, New York, to parents Grace and Rafael Antonio de Jesús Pérez Lara, who were both first-generation Dominican immigrants, his father, who earned U. S. citizenship after enlisting in the U. S. Army after World War II, worked as a doctor in Atlanta, before moving to Buffalo, where he worked as a physician at a Veterans Affairs hospital, his mother, came to the United States in 1930 after her father, Rafael Brache, was appointed as the Dominican Republic's Ambassador to the United States. Brache was an ally of Rafael Trujillo, but after a falling out, he was declared an enemy of the state, forcing him and his family to remain in the United States.
Perez is the youngest of five brothers and sisters, all of whom but Perez followed their father in becoming physicians. His father died of a heart attack. Perez graduated from Canisius High School, an all boys Jesuit school in Buffalo, in 1979. Perez received his Bachelor of Arts in international relations and political science from Brown University in 1983, he joined the Sigma Chi Fraternity there. He covered the cost of attending Brown with scholarships and Pell Grants and by working as a trash collector and in a warehouse, he worked for the Rhode Island Commission for Human Rights. In 1987, Perez received a Juris Doctor cum laude from Harvard Law School and a Master of Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government. In 1986, while a student at Harvard, Perez worked as a law clerk for Attorney General Edwin Meese. After graduating from Harvard, Perez worked as a law clerk for Judge Zita Weinshienk of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado from 1987 to 1989.
From 1989 to 1995, he worked as a federal prosecutor in the Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division. He served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights under Attorney General Janet Reno. Perez chaired the interagency Worker Exploitation Task Force, which oversaw a variety of initiatives designed to protect workers. From 1995 to 1998, Perez worked as Democratic Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy's principal adviser on civil rights, criminal justice, constitutional issues. During the final two years of the second Clinton administration, he worked as the Director of the Office for Civil Rights at the United States Department of Health and Human Services. From 2001 to 2007, Perez was a professor at the University of Maryland School of Law, where he taught in the clinical law and law and health program, he was a part-time member of the faculty at the George Washington University School of Public Health. In 2002, Perez ran for the county council of Montgomery County, Maryland from its 5th district, which covers Silver Spring, Takoma Park, Wheaton.
His main challenge was the Democratic primary, where he faced Sally Sternbach, the head of the Silver Spring Citizens Advisory Board and the Greater Silver Spring Chamber of Commerce. He defeated Sternbach with the support of the AFL-CIO and other labor groups, he faced Republican Dennis E. Walsh in the general election and won with 76% of the vote, becoming the first Hispanic council member. Perez was on the council from 2002 to 2006. During that time, he served on the committees for Health and Human Services, Transportation and the Environment, he served as council president from 2004 to 2005. With council member Mike Subin, Perez pushed for legislation on predatory lending; the law allowed the county's Commission on Human Rights to investigate and prosecute loan brokers and third-party lenders engaging in predatory lending, raised the cap on compensation for victims, required the commission to release an annual report on discriminatory and subprime lending in the county. Perez opposed the privatization of the non-profit health insurer CareFirst, a non-stock holding, independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association that provided coverage in Maryland, Washington, D.
C. and Virginia. He lobbied for support on the county council and in the Maryland General Assembly against