Leon Fleisher is an American pianist and conductor. Fleisher was born in San Francisco into a poor Jewish family, to immigrant parents from Eastern Europe, his father's business was hat-making, while his mother's goal was to "make her son a great concert pianist". Fleisher started studying the piano at age four, he made his public debut at age eight and played with the New York Philharmonic under Pierre Monteux at 16. He became one of the few child prodigies to be accepted for study with Artur Schnabel and studied with Maria Curcio. Fleisher was linked via Schnabel to a tradition that descended directly from Beethoven himself, handed down through Carl Czerny and Theodor Leschetizky. In the 1950s, Fleisher signed an exclusive recording contract with Columbia Masterworks, he is well known for his interpretations of the piano concerti of Brahms and Beethoven, which he recorded with George Szell and the Cleveland Orchestra. They recorded Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 25, the Grieg and Schumann piano concertos, Franck's Symphonic Variations, Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini.
In 1964, Fleisher lost the use of his right hand, due to a condition, diagnosed as focal dystonia. Fleisher commenced performing and recording the left-handed repertoire while searching for a cure for his condition. In addition, he undertook conducting during this time, serving at one time as Music Director of the Annapolis Symphony Orchestra in Maryland. In the 1990s, Fleisher was able to ameliorate his focal dystonia symptoms after experimental botox injections to the point where he could play with both hands again. In 2004, Vanguard Classics released Leon Fleisher's first "two-handed" recording since the 1960s, entitled "Two Hands", to critical acclaim. Two Hands is the title of a short documentary on Fleisher by Nathaniel Kahn, nominated for an Academy Award for best short subject on January 23, 2007. Fleisher received the 2007 Kennedy Center Honors. Kennedy Center Chairman Stephen A. Schwarzman described him as "a consummate musician whose career is a moving testament to the life-affirming power of art."
Fleisher's musical interests extend beyond the central German Classic-Romantic repertory. The American composer William Bolcom composed his Concerto for Two Pianos, Left Hand for Fleisher and his close friend Gary Graffman, who has suffered from debilitating problems with his right hand, it received its first performance in Baltimore in April 1996. The concerto is so constructed that it can be performed in one of three ways, with either piano part alone with reduced orchestra, or with both piano parts and the two reduced orchestras combined into a full orchestra. In 2004, Leon Fleisher played the world premiere of Paul Hindemith's Klaviermusik, Op. 29, with the Berlin Philharmonic. This work was written for Paul Wittgenstein, who disliked and refused to play it. However, he had sole performing rights and kept the score, not allowing any other pianists to play it; the manuscript was discovered among his papers after the death of his widow in 2002. On October 2, 2005, Fleisher played the American premiere of the work, with the San Francisco Symphony under Herbert Blomstedt.
In 2012, at the invitation of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Fleisher performed at the Supreme Court of the United States. He has continued to be involved in music, both conducting and teaching at the Peabody Conservatory of Music, the Curtis Institute of Music, the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. With Dina Koston, he co-founded and co-directed the Theater Chamber Players in 1968–2003, the first resident chamber ensemble of the Smithsonian Institution and of The Kennedy Center, his memoir, My Nine Lives, co-written with the Washington Post music critic Anne Midgette, appeared in November 2010. Queen Elisabeth Piano Competition of Belgium Leon Fleisher for piano Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences "Instrumentalist of the Year", Musical America Honorary doctorates from Towson State University, The Boston Conservatory, University of Cincinnati and the Cleveland Institute of Music Johns Hopkins University President's Medal. Fleisher received the Kennedy Center Honors Award for 2007."Instrumentalist of the Year", Royal Philharmonic Society Leon Fleisher: The Complete Album Collection, Sony Classical Records, 2013 Mozart: Piano Concertos, including 2008 recordings of the Piano Concertos in A major, K. 414 and K 488, with Fleisher soloist and as conductor of the Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra, of the concerto K. 242 with Katherine Jacobson Fleisher as second pianist.
Sony BMG Masterworks, 2009 Schubert: Sonata in B-flat major, D.960 / Ländler, Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Debussy: Suite bergamasque / Ravel: Sonatine / Valses nobles et sentimentales / Alborado del gracioso, Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Mozart: Sonata in C major, K.330 / Sonata in E-flat major, K.282 / Rondo in D Major, K.485, Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Liszt: Sonata in B minor / Weber: Sonata No. 4 in E minor, Op. 70 / Invitation to the Dance, Op. 65, Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Copland: Piano Sonata / Sessions: From My Diary / Kirchner: Piano Sonata/Rorem: Three Barcarolles, Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Brahms: Quintet for Piano and Strings in F minor, Op. 34, with the Juilliard String Quartet Sony BMG Masterworks, 2008 Brahms: Quintet for Piano and Strings in F minor, Op. 34, recorde
Hippodrome Theatre (Baltimore)
The Hippodrome Theatre is a theater in Baltimore, Maryland. Built in 1914 for impresarios Marion Scott Pearce and Scheck, the 2300-seat theater was the foremost vaudeville house in Baltimore, as well as a movie theater; when the movie palace opened it was the largest theatre south of Philadelphia. The Hippodrome was designed by one of the foremost theater architects of his time. Lamb gave the theater an unusually strong presence on Eutaw Street through the use of brick and terra cotta on a massive façade; the Hippodrome was renovated in 2004 for use as a performing arts theater, is part of the France-Merrick Performing Arts Center. The site had been occupied by the five story Eutaw House Hotel, built in 1835 and destroyed by fire on May 25, 1912; the new theater had an original capacity of 3,000 seats and boasted a Moller organ, as well as a house orchestra that survived into the 1950s. The Loew's chain operated the Hippodrome from 1917 to 1924 Keith-Albee-Orpheum assumed stewardship. In 1920 the average weekly attendance was 30,000.
During the 1930s the Hippodrome featured such performers as Jack Benny, Milton Berle, Bob Hope, Martha Raye, Dinah Shore, Red Skelton, The Three Stooges, the Andrews Sisters, Morey Amsterdam and Benny Goodman. Frank Sinatra first performed with Harry James at the Hippodrome. Live performances ceased in 1959; the Hippodrome closed in 1990 as the last movie theater in downtown Baltimore. The most recent renovation combined three contiguous existing buildings and a new structure: the Western National Bank Building, the Eutaw Savings Bank Building and the Hippodrome into a major performing arts complex, designed by Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates; the Maryland Stadium Authority led the renovation. Clear Channel Entertainment became the theatre operator after project completion. In 2008, Live Nation sold most of its theatrical assets, including the Hippodrome, to Key Brand Entertainment; the Hippodrome, Baltimore City, including photo in 1998, at Maryland Historical Trust The France-Merrick Performing Arts Center Hippodrome Theatre at Explore Baltimore Heritage
MECU Pavilion known by its long-time former name Pier Six Pavilion, is a music venue located at 731 Eastern Avenue in Baltimore, Maryland. The waterfront venue is located on Pier Six of the Inner Harbor and opened in 1981, it has featured a wide variety of music acts. The naming rights of the venue were sold to the Municipal Employees Credit Union of Baltimore in April 2018 changing its name to "MECU Pavilion."On November 30, 2016, a contract was approved to allow Live Nation and SMG co-operate Pier Six for up to 10 years. As part of the agreement, the pavilion is undergoing a renovation that includes the installation of a new tent and seats. List of concert halls List of music venues Pier Six Pavilion Events and News Website Livenations Tickets
Pietro Belluschi was an Italian architect, a leader of the Modern Movement in architecture, was responsible for the design of over 1,000 buildings. Born in Italy, Belluschi's architectural career began as a draftsman in a Oregon firm, he achieved a national reputation within about 20 years for his 1947 aluminum-clad Equitable Building. In 1951 he was named the dean of the MIT School of Architecture and Planning, where he served until 1965 working as collaborator and design consultant for many high-profile commissions, most famously the 1963 Pan Am Building, he won the 1972 AIA Gold Medal. Pietro Belluschi was born in Ancona, Italy, in 1899, he grew up in Italy and served in the Italian armed forces during World War I when Italy was allied with Great Britain and the United States. Serving in the army he fought against the Austrians at the battles of Vittorio Veneto. After the war, Belluschi studied at the University of Rome, earning a degree in civil engineering in 1922, he moved to the United States in 1923, despite speaking no English, finished his education—as an exchange student on a scholarship—at Cornell University with a second degree in civil engineering.
Instead of returning to Italy, he worked as a mining engineer in Idaho earning $5 per day, but he joined the architectural office of A. E. Doyle in Portland, living in Goose Hollow, he remained in the U. S. as friends in Italy had cautioned him to not return home because of the rise to power of Benito Mussolini and the Fascist government. At Doyle's office, Belluschi rose soon becoming chief designer. After Doyle died in 1928, the firm took him into partnership in 1933. By 1943, Belluschi had assumed control of the firm by buying out all the other partners and was practicing under his own name. In 1951, Belluschi became Dean of the architecture and planning school at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a position he held until 1965; when he accepted the position of dean and moved to Massachusetts, he transferred his office in Portland to the architecture firm Skidmore and Merrill. The move reduced his annual income from $150,000 to a salary of $15,000, but was prompted by health concerns attributable to the long hours of managing his office while still designing buildings.
Belluschi emerged as a leader in the development of American Modern architecture, with the design of several buildings reflecting the influence of the International Style and his awareness of the technological opportunities of new materials. Most important was the Equitable Building in Portland, Oregon: a concrete frame office block clad in aluminum, considered the first office building with a sealed air-conditioned environment. Belluschi's churches and residences differed from his commercial works. Although of Modern design, they fit within the development of the Pacific Northwest regional Modern idiom as they used regional materials and were integrated with their suburban or rural sites. Belluschi was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1952. In 1953, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, became a full member in 1957, he served as a presidential appointee on the U. S. Commission of Fine Arts from 1950 to 1955, he was a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects, was awarded the AIA Gold Medal, the highest award given by the institute, in 1972.
He was awarded the National Medal of Arts by the National Endowment for the Arts in 1991 for his lifetime achievements. Belluschi was on the jury that selected the winning design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D. C. After leaving MIT in 1965, he continued to work. Belluschi would consult on both buildings and issues surrounding urban planning. Pietro Belluschi was married first to Helen Hemmila on December 1, 1934, the mother of his two sons and Anthony. After her death in 1962, he married in Margaret. Pietro Belluschi died in Portland on February 14, 1994. Belluschi's designs include: Oregon Blue Book biography 1983 interview from the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art Photographs of Pietro Belluschi's works from the Phyllis and Robert Massar Photograph Collection of Pacific Northwest Architecture - University of Washington Digital Collections
Modell Performing Arts Center
The Modell Performing Arts Center is a music venue in Baltimore, United States, located close to the University of Baltimore. The building was modeled after the Concertgebouw concert hall in Amsterdam, it was inaugurated on 31 October 1894 with a performance by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and Australian opera singer Nellie Melba as the featured soloist. Beginning 1904, it was used for touring performances by the Metropolitan Opera, from 1950, it was the home of the Baltimore Opera Company until the company's liquidation in 2009; the Lyric has been the home of the Lyric Opera Baltimore company since 2011. It was founded after the demise of Baltimore Lyric Opera. Prior to the 1909 purchase of the building on behalf of the Metropolitan Opera by Otto Kahn, Oscar Hammerstein I presented an opera season and began to make plans to remodel it by enlarging the stage area; however Kahn's purchase caused the venue's name to be changed to the Lyric Theatre. And firmed up the continuity of the Metropolitan Opera's annual visits.
In the early 20th century, the Lyric Opera featured opera tenor Enrico Caruso who appeared there with the Metropolitan Opera in a performance of Flotow's Martha. In 1950, building on earlier amateur efforts, the Baltimore Opera was formally established as the Baltimore Civic Opera Company, with the famous American soprano Rosa Ponselle as its first artistic director, she brought Beverly Sills to Baltimore for a production of Manon in 1952. By 1970, the name was changed to Baltimore Opera Company and had become established at the Lyric. Having been modeled on the Concertgebouw, the Lyric was used as a concert hall. 1916 saw the founding of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra which presented performances there until 1982, while the building was purchased from Kahn in 1920 and a significant renovation created an enlarged balcony with seating capacity reaching 2,800. In March 1974, the Lyric's 75th anniversary featured the return of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, throughout these years, the Philadelphia Orchestra made regular appearances in Baltimore until April 1980.
A highlight was the 1934 premiere of Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, with the composer at the piano. Many different kinds of events were presented at the Lyric, including sporting events such as the 1905 lightweight boxing fight between Joe Gans, the lightweight champion, Mike Sullivan and the 1906 wrestling bout between Gus Schoenlein and the world champion, George Hackenschmidt, the world champion of the time; the first public showing of electric cooking in Baltimore took place, as well as hosting speakers like Aimee Semple McPherson, Will Rogers, Richard Byrd, Clarence Darrow, Amelia Earhart, Charles Lindbergh and William Jennings Bryan. Performers appearing at the Lyric included in April/May 1984 Yul Brynner who starred in The King and I which over 70,000 people attended in four weeks; that same year, Patti Labelle's performances sold out five performances while, in 1987, Cats played to over 75,000 people. Major renovations from 1980-1982 completed its transformation into an opera house.
Official website Lyric Theater, Baltimore City, including photo from 1984, at Maryland Historical Trust
Modern architecture, or modernist architecture was based upon new and innovative technologies of construction the use of glass and reinforced concrete. It emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II until the 1980s, when it was replaced as the principal style for institutional and corporate buildings by postmodern architecture. Modern architecture emerged at the end of the 19th century from revolutions in technology and building materials, from a desire to break away from historical architectural styles and to invent something, purely functional and new; the revolution in materials came first, with the use of cast iron, plate glass, reinforced concrete, to build structures that were stronger and taller. The cast plate glass process was invented in 1848, allowing the manufacture of large windows; the Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton at the Great Exhibition of 1851 was an early example of iron and plate glass construction, followed in 1864 by the first glass and metal curtain wall.
These developments together led to the first steel-framed skyscraper, the ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago, built in 1884 by William Le Baron Jenney. The iron frame construction of the Eiffel Tower the tallest structure in the world, captured the imagination of millions of visitors to the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition. French industrialist François Coignet was the first to use iron-reinforced concrete, that is, concrete strengthened with iron bars, as a technique for constructing buildings. In 1853 Coignet built the first iron reinforced concrete structure, a four-story house in the suburbs of Paris. A further important step forward was the invention of the safety elevator by Elisha Otis, first demonstrated at the Crystal Palace exposition in 1852, which made tall office and apartment buildings practical. Another important technology for the new architecture was electric light, which reduced the inherent danger of fires caused by gas in the 19th century; the debut of new materials and techniques inspired architects to break away from the neoclassical and eclectic models that dominated European and American architecture in the late 19th century, most notably eclecticism and Edwardian architecture, the Beaux-Arts architectural style.
This break with the past was urged by the architectural theorist and historian Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. In his 1872 book Entretiens sur L'Architecture, he urged: "use the means and knowledge given to us by our times, without the intervening traditions which are no longer viable today, in that way we can inaugurate a new architecture. For each function its material; this book influenced a generation of architects, including Louis Sullivan, Victor Horta, Hector Guimard, Antoni Gaudí. At the end of the 19th century, a few architects began to challenge the traditional Beaux Arts and Neoclassical styles that dominated architecture in Europe and the United States; the Glasgow School of Art designed by Charles Rennie MacIntosh, had a facade dominated by large vertical bays of windows. The Art Nouveau style was launched in the 1890s by Victor Horta in Belgium and Hector Guimard in France. In Barcelona, Antonio Gaudi conceived architecture as a form of sculpture. In 1903–1904 in Paris Auguste Perret and Henri Sauvage began to use reinforced concrete only used for industrial structures, to build apartment buildings.
Reinforced concrete, which could be molded into any shape, which could create enormous spaces without the need of supporting pillars, replaced stone and brick as the primary material for modernist architects. The first concrete apartment buildings by Perret and Sauvage were covered with ceramic tiles, but in 1905 Perret built the first concrete parking garage on 51 rue de Ponthieu in Paris. Henri Sauvage added another construction innovation in an apartment building on Rue Vavin in Paris. Between 1910 and 1913, Auguste Perret built the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, a masterpiece of reinforced concrete construction, with Art Deco sculptural bas-reliefs on the facade by Antoine Bourdelle; because of the concrete construction, no columns blocked the spectator's view of the stage. Otto Wagner, in Vienna, was another pioneer of the new style. In his book Moderne Architektur he had called for a more rationalist style of architecture, based on "modern life", he designed a stylized ornamental metro station at Karlsplatz in Vienna an ornamental Art Nouveau residence, Majolika House, before moving to a much more geometric and simplified style, without ornament, in the Austrian Postal Savings Bank.
Wagner declared his intention to express the function of the building in its exterior. The reinforced concrete exterior was covered with plaques of marble attached with bolts of polished aluminum; the interior was purely functional and spare, a large open space of steel and concrete where the only decoration was the structure itself. The Viennese architect Adolf Loos began removing any ornament from his buildings, his S
FedExField Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, is an American football stadium located near the Capital Beltway in Prince George's County, Maryland, U. S. five miles east of Washington, D. C. near the site of the old Capital Centre arena. The stadium is the home of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. From 2004 until 2010, it had the largest seating capacity in the NFL at over 91,000; the capacity is 82,000. FedEx Field has a Landover postal address. FedExField was built as a replacement for the Redskins' prior venue, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Washington, D. C. In 1994 Jack Kent Cooke sought to build a new stadium on the grounds adjacent to Laurel Park Racecourse along Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge roads. Lack of parking facilities and support prompted a second site selection; the stadium opened in 1997 as Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, in honor of the deceased owner of the team, the stadium site was known as Raljon from the first names of Cooke's sons – "Ralph" and "John". Notably, Cooke was able to register Raljon with the United States Postal Service as a legal alternate address for the 20785 zip code of Landover, where the stadium is located, went to some lengths to require media to use Raljon in datelines from the stadium.
This ended when Daniel Snyder bought the Redskins from the Cooke estate, the Redskins now give the stadium's address as Landover. A special exit, Exit 16, was built from the Capital Beltway. After Snyder's purchase, the stadium's naming rights were sold to FedEx in November 1999 for an average of $7.6 million per year. The waiting list for Redskins season tickets was over 160,000 names long. However, according to The Washington Post, Redskins ticket office employees improperly sold tickets directly to ticket brokers for several years before the practice was discovered in 2009. Although the Redskins have never sold out the entire stadium, the team has not had a game blacked out on local television since 1972 because it does not count "premium club level seating" when calculating sellouts. From 2004 to 2010 Redskins fans set. In 2005 the team drew a record 716,998 fans overall; the December 30, 2007, 27–6 win against the Dallas Cowboys was the most watched game in Redskins history, with 90,910 fans in the stands to see Washington clinch a playoff spot.
On January 8, 2000, the Washington Redskins defeated the Detroit Lions 27–13 in the first NFL playoff game at FedExField. On December 29, 2002, the Redskins defeated the rival Dallas Cowboys, 20–14; this game was Darrell Green's final game. He played 20 seasons with the Redskins; the game broke a 10-game losing streak to the Cowboys. The stadium has five levels – the Lower Level, the Club Level, the Lower and Upper Suite Levels, the Upper Level; the Lower and Upper Levels are all named after important figures of the Redskins, NFL, Washington, D. C. area. The Lower Level is named "George Preston Marshall Lower Level", The Club is named "Joe Gibbs Club Level, The Upper Level is called "Pete Rozelle Upper Level." The Suite Levels have 243 suite and Owner's Club luxury boxes and 15,044 club seats. After Daniel Snyder purchased the Redskins, five rows of "Dream Seats" were installed in front of what had been the first row of the lower level, extending down to the level of the field. Seats in the previous first row of the lower level were not tall enough to see over the players on the sidelines.
FedExField hosts the annual Prince George's Classic college football game, a game between two black universities. It has hosted several other college football games as well, including the 1998 game between the University of Notre Dame and the United States Naval Academy; the 2004 Black Coaches Association Classic between the University of Southern California Trojans and the Virginia Tech Hokies, the 112th Army–Navy Game. FedExField is not well known as a soccer venue, as D. C. United of Major League Soccer elected to remain at RFK Stadium after the new stadium's opening, they began playing at Audi Field within the city in 2018. FedExField has been used for some international soccer matches — both for the United States and for El Salvador. On March 28, 2015, Argentina defeated El Salvador at FedExField before a crowd of 53,978. On June 7, 2014, the stadium hosted a doubleheader. Spain, the 2010 World Cup winner, defeated El Salvador 2–0 in a warm-up match in front of a crowd of 53,267 before the 2014 World Cup.
C. United played Columbus Crew to a scoreless draw in D. C. United's first time hosting an MLS regular season game at FedExField, it hosted one quarterfinal doubleheader in the 1999 Women's World Cup. On July 1, 1999, the United States women's national soccer team defeated the German women's national team 3–2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup 1999 quarterfinals. FedExField has hosted a number of club soccer exhibition matches. During the July 2005 World Series of Football, D. C. United hosted Chelsea F. C. there. C. United's third-highest home attendance. On August 9, 2009, D. C. United hosted another international friendly against Real Madrid at FedExField. On July 30, 2011, Manchester United ended its 2011 summer tour with a 2–1 win over F. C. Barcelona at FedExField in front of 81,807 fans; this represented the largest soccer crowd in D. C.-area history. FedExField was used on July 29, 2014, in the International Champions Cup as Manchester United played Inter