John Aloysius McKeon, nicknamed "Trader Jack," is an American former Major League Baseball manager and front-office executive. In 2003, at age 72, he won a World Series as manager of the Florida Marlins. Two full seasons removed from his previous managing job, McKeon had begun the 2003 season in retirement, but on May 11, he was induced to return to uniform to replace Jeff Torborg as the Marlins' skipper; the team was in next-to-last place in the National League East Division. Described upon his hiring by Marlins' general manager Larry Beinfest as a "resurrection specialist," McKeon led the Marlins to a 75–49 win-loss record, a wild card berth, victories over the San Francisco Giants and Chicago Cubs in the National League divisional and championship series playoffs, a six-game World Series triumph over the New York Yankees, he remained at the helm of the Marlins through 2005 retired at age 74. In 2011, he took over the Marlins on June 20 for a second time as interim manager following the resignation of Edwin Rodríguez and served out the season.
In so doing he became, at 80, the second oldest manager in big league history, behind only Connie Mack. He retired again at the end of the season with a career managerial record of 1,051–990. McKeon managed the Kansas City Royals, Oakland Athletics, San Diego Padres, Cincinnati Reds. From July 7, 1980, through September 22, 1990, he served as the general manager of the Padres, assembling the team which won the 1984 National League pennant, the first in San Diego history. Born in South Amboy, New Jersey, McKeon was a 5 ft 8 in, 195 lb catcher who threw and batted right-handed, he played baseball for the College of the Holy Cross, attended Seton Hall University and Elon College, earning a bachelor of science degree in physical education. McKeon spent his entire early professional career in the minor leagues, he became a playing manager in 1955 at age 24, worked in the farm system of the original Washington Senators franchise, its successor, the Minnesota Twins, handling Triple-A assignments for the Vancouver Mounties, Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers and Atlanta Crackers.
He scouted for the Twins starting in mid-1964 before joining the Royals in 1968, one year before their Major League debut, as skipper of their Class A High Point-Thomasville farm team, where he won the Carolina League playoff championship. He led their Triple-A affiliate, the Omaha Royals of the American Association, from its founding in 1969 through 1972, won two league titles. McKeon 42, was promoted to manager of the Kansas City Royals for 1973, succeeding Bob Lemon; the 1972 Royals had gone a disappointing 76–78 during the strike-shortened season, moved into brand-new Royals Stadium in 1973. Paced by the slugging of first baseman John Mayberry, an All-Star performance from centerfielder Amos Otis and the 20-win season of left-hander Paul Splittorff, McKeon's 1973 club won 88 of 162 games, six games behind eventual world champion Oakland in the AL West and the fourth-best mark in the entire American League; the 1973 Royals saw the mid-August call up of 20-year-old George Brett, the future Hall of Famer.
But the 1974 Royals could not sustain that momentum and finished 77–85, next-to-last in the West division. The following year, the 1975 Royals improved to a 50–46 mark by July 23, but the uptick was not enough to save McKeon's job, he was replaced by Whitey Herzog a coach for the California Angels. Herzog led Kansas City to three successive AL West titles, and, in the 1980s, he would become one of McKeon's trading partners when both were general managers in the National League. McKeon spent 1976 back in the minor leagues as skipper of the Richmond Braves of the International League, he was named manager of the 1977 Oakland Athletics during a time when team owner Charlie Finley was trading away veteran talent in anticipation of free agency. McKeon had led the stripped-down A's to a respectable 26–27 mark by June 8, only six games out of first place in the AL West, when Finley shocked baseball by replacing him with Bobby Winkles. McKeon remained in the Oakland organization as an assistant to Finley, while the A's struggled under Winkles for the rest of 1977 at 37–71.
In 1978, history repeated itself. The undermanned A's roared off to a 19–5 start and were still in first place at 24–15 on May 21 when Winkles resigned because of Finley's micromanaging. McKeon, who'd become a coach for Winkles during the off-season returned to the manager's post and finished the 1978 season, with Oakland winning only 45 of 123 games and falling into sixth place in the seven-team division. McKeon departed the Oakland organization, managing the Denver Bears, Triple-A affiliate of the Montreal Expos, in 1979. McKeon moved from the field into the front office, he began the 1980 season as the top assistant to Bob Fontaine, the general manager of the San Diego Padres. During the 1980 All-Star break, with the Padres in last place in the National League West Division, owner Ray Kroc and club president Ballard F. Smith fired Fontaine and replaced him with McKeon, making him a first-time general manager at the age of 49. During his first off-season, he set about rebuilding the Padres through a flurry of trades—earning his "Trader Jack" nickname.
He began by acquiring young catcher Terry Kennedy from Herzog's St. Louis Cardinals in an eleven-player deal. Over the next four off seasons, he would trade for Dave Dravecky, Garry Templeton and Carmelo Martínez, draft young stars Tony Gwynn and Kevin McReynolds, sign free a
1918 World Series
The 1918 World Series featured the Boston Red Sox, who defeated the Chicago Cubs four games to two. The Series victory for the Red Sox was their fifth in five tries, going back to 1903; the Red Sox scored only nine runs in the entire Series, the fewest runs by the winning team in World Series history. Along with the 1906 and 1907 World Series, the 1918 World Series is one of only three Fall Classics where neither team hit a home run; the 1918 Series was played under several metaphorical dark clouds. The Series was held early in September because of the World War I "Work or Fight" order that forced the premature end of the regular season on September 1, remains the only World Series to be played in September; the Series was marred by players threatening to strike due to low gate receipts. The Chicago home games in the series were played at Comiskey Park, which had a greater seating capacity than Weeghman Park, the prior home of the Federal League Chicago Whales that the Cubs were using and which would be rechristened Wrigley Field in 1925.
The Red Sox had played their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series in the more expansive Braves Field, but they returned to Fenway Park for the 1918 series. The 1918 World Series marked the first time "The Star Spangled Banner" was performed at a major league game. During the seventh-inning stretch of Game 1, the band began playing the song because the country was involved in World War I; the song would be named the national anthem of the United States in 1931, during World War II its playing would become a regular pre-game feature of baseball games and other sporting events. The winning pitcher of Game 1 was Babe Ruth; the 1918 championship would be the last Red Sox win until 2004. The drought of 86 years was attributed to the Curse of the Bambino; the alleged curse came to be when Red Sox owner Harry Frazee traded the superbly talented but troublesome Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for cash after the 1919 season. The Cubs would not win their next World Series until 2016; the Cubs, who last won in 1908, won the National League but lost the Series in 1918, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, 1945, stymied by the infamous Curse of the Billy Goat imposed during that latter Series.
The Red Sox, who had won the American League but lost the Series in 1946, 1967, 1975, 1986 won the World Series in 2004 and won again in 2007, 2013 and 2018. When the Red Sox won in 2018, they became the first team to win the Fall Classic one century apart. After Game 6, it would be some 87 years until the Red Sox would play again. A three-game interleague matchup at Wrigley Field began June 10, 2005, was Boston's first visit to the park; the Cubs would not return to Fenway Park for nearly 94 years until a three-game interleague matchup beginning May 20, 2011. † For the first time in the Series, all four umpires worked in the infield on a rotating basis. In previous Series from 1909 through 1917, two of the four umpires had been positioned in the outfield for each game, in addition to the standard plate umpire and base umpire. AL Boston Red Sox vs. NL Chicago Cubs Game 1 went to the Red Sox, 1–0, with Babe Ruth pitching the shutout before 19,274 fans. Stuffy McInnis knocked in the game's only run, driving in Dave Shean with a fourth-inning single off Hippo Vaughn.
During the seventh-inning stretch, the U. S. Navy band began to play the Star-Spangled Banner, Red Sox infielder Fred Thomas—who was in the Navy and had been granted furlough to play in the World Series—immediately turned toward the American flag and gave it a military salute, according to the Chicago Tribune. Other players turned to the flag with hands over hearts, the already-standing crowd began to sing. At the song's conclusion, the quiet fans erupted in thunderous applause. At the time, the New York Times reported that it "marked the highest point of the day's enthusiasm." The song would be played at each of the Series' remaining games, to rapturous response. Other baseball parks began to play the song on holidays and special occasions, Red Sox owner Harry Frazee made it a regular part of Boston home games; the Star-Spangled Banner became the U. S. national anthem in 1931, by the end of World War II, NFL Commissioner Elmer Layden ordered that it be played at every football game. The tradition spread to other sports, aided by the introduction of large sound systems and post-war patriotism.
The Cubs rebounded to knot the Series with a 3–1 victory in Game 2 the next day, behind Lefty Tyler's six-hit pitching. Tyler himself hit a two-run single in the second inning to make the score 3–0 and carried a shutout into the ninth inning, when the Red Sox scored their only run; the series remained in Chicago for Game 3 due to wartime restrictions on travel. The Red Sox emerged victorious, 2–1, took a 2–1 lead in the Series, as Carl Mays scattered seven hits. Wally Schang and Everett Scott's back-to-back RBI singles in the fourth inning were all Boston needed for the win. Vaughn lost his second game of the Series, which ended when Cub baserunner Charlie Pick was caught in a rundown between third and home while trying to score on a passed ball. Sunday the 8th was a travel day; the teams didn't arrive in Boston until the next day, shortly before the start of Game 4 that same day. The Cubs tied it in the eighth, ending Ruth's World Series scoreless inning streak on hits by Charlie Hollocher and Les Mann.
Starting pitcher Babe Ruth bat
Jed Room Hoyer, is the executive vice-president and general manager of the Chicago Cubs. He has been the general manager of the San Diego Padres, the assistant general manager of the Boston Red Sox. Hoyer was born in Plymouth, New Hampshire, is Jewish. Hoyer graduated from the Holderness School in Holderness, New Hampshire, where his mother was the school nurse and his father was the school doctor, in 1992, he went to Wesleyan University in Connecticut, majoring in American History, where he was a shortstop and star pitcher who shares Wesleyan's career saves record with Sam Elias and Nick Miceli. During his time at Wesleyan University he was initiated into and is a brother of Delta Kappa Epsilon, he spent Summer 1995 on the roster of the Waterbury Barons of the New England Collegiate Baseball League seeing innings on the mound and at shortstop. Hoyer worked in the admissions office and the alumni/development office, was a baseball coach at the university after graduating, he worked in the admissions department of Kenyon College before joining the Red Sox at 28.
He married Merrill Muckerman in June 2010 in St. Louis, he joined the Red Sox in 2002, after the ownership of John W. Henry, Tom Werner, Larry Lucchino took over the team from John Harrington, he worked as assistant to the general manager until December 2005. He was given the title of assistant general manager. Hoyer served as co-general manager of the Red Sox from December 12, 2005, to January 19, 2006, returning to his previous job of assistant general manager. In November 2003, he accompanied general manager Theo Epstein to Arizona to persuade pitcher Curt Schilling to accept a trade to the Red Sox, spending Thanksgiving at Schilling's home in what was a successful effort; when Epstein left his position on October 31, 2005, Hoyer was part of a group of four executives, called the "Gang of Four", that kept the club running in Epstein's absence. Other members of the "gang" were Ben Cherington, Bill Lajoie, Craig Shipley, a group which completed trades for, among others, Josh Beckett, Mike Lowell, Mark Loretta, Andy Marte.
Shortly after the winter meetings were completed in early December and Cherington were promoted to co-general managers, where they remained until Epstein returned to his original position on January 19, 2006, after a 10-week hiatus. Hoyer was a key player in decision-making regarding players and their contracts. Beginning in 2008, he became the first "Resident Expert" for the Fenway neighborhood on Povo.com, a local wiki whose platform lets you share your insider’s knowledge of Boston. Following the 2007 season, Hoyer interviewed to become General Manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates, a job that went to Neal Huntington of the Cleveland Indians organization. During the 2009 season, Hoyer interviewed to become the GM of the Washington Nationals, who appointed their own Assistant GM, Mike Rizzo, to the top spot. In October 2009 he was hired as the San Diego Padres' general manager, his best known deal as GM of the Padres was when he sent 1B Adrian Gonzalez to the Red Sox in exchange for RHP Casey Kelly, OF Reymond Fuentes, utility man Eric Patterson, 1B Anthony Rizzo.
On October 26, 2011, the Chicago Cubs announced that Jed Jason McLeod had joined the club. Hoyer became the general manager; the Cubs announced. In September 2016 the Cubs signed him to a five-year contract through 2021
Dave Stewart (baseball)
David Keith Stewart, nicknamed "Smoke", is an American professional baseball executive, pitching coach, sports agent, retired starting pitcher, served as the general manager of the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball. The Los Angeles Dodgers' 16th-round selection in the 1975 MLB draft, Stewart's MLB playing career spanned from 1978 through 1995, winning three World Series championships while compiling a career 3.95 earned run average and a 168–129 won–lost record, including winning 20 games in four consecutive seasons. He pitched for the Dodgers, Texas Rangers, Philadelphia Phillies, Oakland Athletics, Toronto Blue Jays. Stewart was an MLB All-Star and was known for his postseason performance – winning one World Series Most Valuable Player Award and two League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Awards – and for staring down batters when pitching to them. After his playing career, he served as a pitching coach for the San Diego Padres, Milwaukee Brewers, Blue Jays and as an assistant GM.
General managers he has worked under include: Sandy Alderson, Kevin Towers, Gord Ash, Dean Taylor. He became a sports agent based in San Diego until the Diamondbacks hired him as GM at the end of the 2014 season. Stewart was born in California, his father, was a longshoreman and his mother, worked at a cannery. His father didn't want Stewart to play sports, because he felt nobody could make a living hitting a ball, so his older brother taught him how to play; as a kid, Stewart spent many days as youth at the East Oakland Branch of the Oakland Boys Club. Stewart attended St. Elizabeth High School in Oakland, where he earned All-American honors in both baseball and in football, he averaged 16 points per game as a small forward on the basketball team. He was offered 30 college scholarships to play football, but turned them all down to sign with the Los Angeles Dodgers, who selected him in the 16th round of the 1975 Major League Baseball draft; the Dodgers decided to turn Stewart into a pitcher because of his strong arm.
He made his professional debut with the Bellingham Dodgers of the Northwest League. He had a 0–5 win–loss record with a 5.51 earned run average in 22 games pitched, five of which were games started, for a Bellingham team that set a record by losing the first 24 games of the season. He was promoted to the Midwest League at the end of the 1976 season and with the Clinton Dodgers in 1977 he had a breakout season: 17–4 with a 2.15 ERA in 24 starts, including 15 complete games and 3 shutouts. Despite his impressive season, he lost out on the Midwest League MVP and Top prospect honors to future Hall of Famer Paul Molitor with the Burlington Bees. Stewart was promoted to the AA San Antonio Dodgers of the Texas League for the 1978 season, he was 14–12 with a 3.68 ERA in 28 starts for San Antonio. Stewart made his major league debut on September 22, 1978, pitching two innings of relief against the San Diego Padres, he allowed no runs, while striking out one batter. That was his only appearance for the Dodgers that season and he spent all of the 1979 and 1980 seasons in AAA with the Albuquerque Dukes.
Despite an 11–12 record and 5.24 ERA in 28 games for the Dukes in 1979, Stewart felt he pitched well and was disappointed when he did not receive a September call-up. In 1980, he was 15-10 with a 3.70 ERA for a Dukes team that won the Pacific Coast League Championship. He led the PCL in innings pitched and tied for the lead in wins. Stewart went to spring training with the Dodgers in 1981; because he was out of options, the Dodgers could not send him back down to the minors without risk of losing him to another team. They had decided to cut Don Stanhouse instead, he made the Dodgers opening day roster and pitched in relief that season, appearing in 32 games with a 2.49 ERA and six saves. He got his first Major League win in his first appearance of the season, on April 13 against the San Francisco Giants, when he worked two scoreless innings in relief of Bob Welch, his first save was recorded on August 16 against the Atlanta Braves. When the baseball players went on strike on June 12, Stewart was hard pressed financially and went to work for a Dodger fan that owned a metal fastener business and worked out with a semi-pro team along with teammate Bobby Castillo.
The Dodgers made the playoffs that season and Stewart saw his first taste of post-season action, being credited as the losing pitcher in the first two games of the Division Series against the Houston Astros. He allowed a walk-off homer to Alan Ashby in game one and allowing the winning runs to reach base in the eleventh inning of game two, he redeemed himself by not allowing a run in the two games he appeared in for the Dodgers in the 1981 World Series against the New York Yankees, which the Dodgers won in six games. He spent time as both a starter and a reliever in 1982, appearing in 45 games and was 9–8 with a 3.81 ERA. The Dodgers traded Stewart to the Texas Rangers after the 1982 season in a package for catcher Jim Sundberg, Sundberg wouldn't waive his no-trade clause and the deal fell apart. In 1983, he appeared in 46 games for the Dodgers, all but one as a relief pitcher, with a 5–2 record and a 2.96 ERA. On July 11, he was part of a play that Dodgers Manager Tommy Lasorda called one of the "craziest" moments he'd seen, when three runs scored on a wild pitch.
On August 19, 1983, the Dodgers traded Stewart with a player to be named to the Rangers for Rick Honeycutt. The trade was controversial at the time, in that many felt that Rangers GM Joe Klein had gotten too little for the teams best p
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The Indians compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field; the team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Arizona. Since their establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with 10 Central Division titles and six American League pennants; the Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active drought. The name "Indians" originated from a request by club owner Charles Somers to baseball writers to choose a new name to replace "Cleveland Naps" following the departure of Nap Lajoie after the 1914 season; the name referenced the nickname "Indians", applied to the Cleveland Spiders baseball club during the time when Louis Sockalexis, a Native American, played in Cleveland. Common nicknames for the Indians include the "Tribe" and the "Wahoos", the latter being a reference to their former logo, Chief Wahoo.
The team's mascot is named "Slider." The franchise originated in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, a minor league team that competed in the Western League. The team relocated to Cleveland in 1900 and changed its name to the Cleveland Lake Shores; the Western League itself changed its name to the American League while continuing its minor league status. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the major league incarnation of the club was founded in Cleveland in 1901. Called the Cleveland Bluebirds, the team played in League Park until moving permanently to Cleveland Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2018 season, they had a regular season franchise record of 9,384–8,968. From August 24 to September 14, 2017, the Indians won 22 consecutive games, the longest winning streak in American League history. "In 1857 baseball games were a daily spectacle in Cleveland's Public Squares. City authorities tried to find an ordinance forbidding it, to the joy of the crowd, they were unsuccessful.
– Harold Seymour" 1865–1868 Forest Citys of Cleveland 1869–1872 Forest Citys of Cleveland From 1865 to 1868 Forest Citys was an amateur ball club. During the 1869 season, Cleveland was among several cities which established professional baseball teams following the success of the 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional team. In the newspapers before and after 1870, the team was called the Forest Citys, in the same generic way that the team from Chicago was sometimes called The Chicagos. In 1871 the Forest Citys joined the new National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league. Two of the league's western clubs went out of business during the first season and the Chicago Fire left that city's White Stockings impoverished, unable to field a team again until 1874. Cleveland was thus the year the club folded. Cleveland played their full schedule to July 19 followed by two games versus Boston in mid-August and disbanded at the end of the season. 1879–1881 Cleveland Forest Citys 1882–1884 Cleveland BluesIn 1876, the National League supplanted the NA as the major professional league.
Cleveland were not among its charter members, but by 1879 the league was looking for new entries and the city gained an NL team. The Cleveland Forest Citys baseball team was re-created; the National League required distinct colors for the 1882 season, so the Cleveland Forest Citys became the Cleveland Blues. They had a mediocre record for six seasons and were ruined by a trade war with the Union Association in 1884, when its three best players jumped to the UA after being offered higher salaries. Cleveland Blues merged with the St. Louis Maroons UA team in 1885. 1887–1899 Cleveland Spiders — nickname "Blues"Cleveland went without major league baseball for two seasons until gaining a team in the American Association in 1887. After the AA's Allegheny club jumped to the NL Cleveland followed suit in 1889, as the AA began to crumble; the Cleveland ball club, named the Spiders became a power in the league. The next year the Spiders moved into League Park, which would serve as the home of Cleveland professional baseball for the next 55 years.
Led by native Ohioan Cy Young, the Spiders became a contender in the mid-1890s, when they played in the Temple Cup Series twice, winning it in 1895. The team began to fade after this success, was dealt a severe blow under the ownership of the Robison brothers Prior to the 1899 season, Frank Robison, the Spiders owner, bought the St. Louis Browns, thus owning two clubs at the same time; the Browns were renamed the "Perfectos", restocked with Cleveland talent. Just weeks before the season opener, most of the better Spiders players were transferred to St. Louis, including three future Hall of Famers: Cy Young, Jesse Burkett and Bobby Wallace; the roster maneuvers failed to create a powerhouse Perfectos team, as St. Louis finished fifth in both 1899 and 1900; the Spiders were left with a minor league lineup, began to lose games at a record pace. Drawing no fans at home, they ended up playing most of their season on the road, became known as "The Wanderers." The team ended the season in 12th place, 84 games out of first place, with an all-time worst record of 20-134.
Following the 1899 season, the National League disbanded four teams, including the Cleveland franchise. The disastrous 1899 season would be a step toward a new future for Cleveland fans
2017 Los Angeles Dodgers season
The 2017 Los Angeles Dodgers season was the 128th for the franchise in Major League Baseball, their 59th season in Los Angeles, California. They finished the season with the most wins in Los Angeles team history with a major league best 104 wins, they won their fifth straight National League West championship and swept the Arizona Diamondbacks in three games in the Division Series. They advanced to the National League Championship Series for the second year in a row and the third time in five seasons, where they faced the Chicago Cubs for the second year in a row, they defeated the Cubs in five games and advanced to the World Series for the first time since 1988, where they lost to the Houston Astros in seven games. The day after the 2016 World Series several Dodgers became free agents: Pitchers Kenley Jansen, Brett Anderson, Rich Hill, Jesse Chavez, Joe Blanton and J. P. Howell, second baseman Chase Utley, third baseman Justin Turner and outfielder Josh Reddick. On November 9, relief pitcher Chin-hui Tsao was outrighted to the minors and removed from the 40 man roster.
On December 2, Louis Coleman was non-tendered. On December 9, infielder Charlie Culberson was outrighted to the minors and removed from the 40-man roster and on January 10, 2017, infielder Micah Johnson was designated for assignment and traded to the Atlanta Braves. Pitcher Carlos Frías was designated for assignment on January 25 and traded to the Cleveland Indians on January 30. On November 7, 2016, the Dodgers traded catcher Carlos Ruiz to the Seattle Mariners for pitcher Vidal Nuño and on November 11, they traded infielder/outfielder Howie Kendrick to the Philadelphia Phillies in exchange for first baseman/outfielder Darin Ruf and minor leaguer Darnell Sweeney. Ruf was sold to the Samsung Lions of the KBO League. On January 23, 2017, the Dodgers traded starting pitcher José De León to the Tampa Bay Rays in exchange for second baseman Logan Forsythe. On January 25, they acquired outfielder Brett Eibner from the Oakland Athletics in exchange for minor league infielder Jordan Tarsovich. On February 19, Nuño was traded to the Baltimore Orioles in exchange for minor league pitcher Ryan Moseley.
On December 5, 2016, the Dodgers re-signed pitcher Rich Hill to a three-year, $48 million contract. On December 23, they re-signed third baseman Justin Turner to contract. On January 10, 2017, they announced the re-signing of relief pitcher Kenley Jansen to a five-year, $80 million, contract. On February 15, they signed relief pitcher Sergio Romo to a one-year, $3 million contract. Second baseman Chase Utley signed a one-year, $2 million, contract to rejoin the team on February 18, 2017. On February 20, they signed outfielder Franklin Gutiérrez to contract. Spring training got underway for the Dodgers on February 15, 2017, when pitchers and catchers reported to Camelback Ranch to begin their workouts; the Dodgers made a trade early in spring training, sending pitcher Chase De Jong to the Seattle Mariners for minor league infielder Drew Jackson and minor league pitcher Aneurys Zabala. With most of the positions in the lineup locked in before camp, the major battle was for the last couple of spots in the starting rotation behind Clayton Kershaw, Rich Hill and Kenta Maeda.
In the mix were veterans Brandon McCarthy, Scott Kazmir and Hyun-jin Ryu, all of whom were coming back from injuries as well as Alex Wood, Ross Stripling, Julio Urias and Brock Stewart. McCarthy and Ryu won the rotation spots, with Wood in the bullpen to start. Several members of the Dodgers organization participated in the 2017 World Baseball Classic during March. Kenley Jansen played for the Netherlands, Rob Segedin and Drew Maggi played for Italy, Ike Davis and Dean Kremer played for Israel, Enrique Hernández played for Puerto Rico and Adrian Gonzalez, Sergio Romo and Alex Verdugo played for Mexico; the Dodgers finished their Cactus League schedule with a record of 17–16–1 and wrapped up the pre-season with the Freeway Series against the Angels on April 1. The Dodgers began the 2017 season on April 3 at Dodger Stadium against the San Diego Padres. Clayton Kershaw made his seventh straight opening day start, tying Don Sutton for the most consecutive starts and Sutton and Don Drysdale for most overall opening day starts in franchise history.
He allowed one unearned run in seven innings, while striking out eight. The Dodgers won Kershaw remained undefeated in openers. Joc Pederson hit a grand slam home run in the third inning, the first grand slam hit by a Dodger on opening day since Raúl Mondesí hit one in 1999. Switch-hitting Yasmani Grandal homered twice; the first Dodger in history to do so on opening day and only the third to hit two opening day homers for the Dodgers in the same game, joining Mondesí and Roy Campanella. Clayton Richard pitched eight scoreless innings as the Padres evened the series with a 4–0 win in game two. Rich Hill allowed one run in five innings and Yasiel Puig hit his first home run of the season as the Dodgers won the next game 3–1, he hit two more homers the next day. The Dodgers began their first road trip of the season on April 7 against the Colorado Rockies at Coors Field. Hyun-Jin Ryu made his first start since July 7, 2016, he was going up against Kyle Freeland, making his major league debut for the Rockies.
Ryu pitched 4 2⁄3 innings. However, Freeland quieted the Dodgers offense, struck out six batters, while only allowing one run in six innings as his team won the opener 2–1; the Rockies hit three home runs, including back to back blasts
Los Angeles Dodgers
The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles, California. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. Established in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York, the team moved to Los Angeles before the 1958 season, they played for four seasons at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving to their current home of Dodger Stadium in 1962. The Dodgers as a franchise have won 23 National League pennants. 11 NL MVP award winners have played for the Dodgers. The team has produced 18 Rookie of the Year Award winners, twice as many as the next closest team, including four consecutive from 1979 to 1982 and five consecutive from 1992 to 1996. In the early 20th century, the team known as the Robins, won league pennants in 1916 and 1920, losing the World Series both times, first to Boston and Cleveland. In the 1930s, the team changed its name to the Dodgers, named after the Brooklyn pedestrians who dodged the streetcars in the city.
In 1941, the Dodgers captured their third National League pennant, only to lose to the New York Yankees. This marked the onset of the Dodgers–Yankees rivalry, as the Dodgers would face them in their next six World Series appearances. Led by Jackie Robinson, the first black Major League Baseball player of the modern era. Following the 1957 season the team left Brooklyn. In just their second season in Los Angeles, the Dodgers won their second World Series title, beating the Chicago White Sox in six games in 1959. Spearheaded by the dominant pitching style of Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale, the Dodgers captured three pennants in the 1960s and won two more World Series titles, sweeping the Yankees in four games in 1963, edging the Minnesota Twins in seven in 1965; the 1963 sweep was their second victory against the Yankees, their first against them as a Los Angeles team. The Dodgers won four more pennants in 1966, 1974, 1977 and 1978, but lost in each World Series appearance, they went on to win the World Series again in 1981, thanks in part to pitching sensation Fernando Valenzuela.
The early 1980s were affectionately dubbed "Fernandomania." In 1988, another pitching hero, Orel Hershiser, again led them to a World Series victory, aided by one of the most memorable home runs of all time, by their injured star outfielder Kirk Gibson coming off the bench to pinch hit with two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning of game 1, in his only appearance of the series. The Dodgers won the pennant in 2017 and 2018, but lost the World Series to the Houston Astros and Boston Red Sox respectively; the Dodgers share a fierce rivalry with the San Francisco Giants, the oldest rivalry in baseball, dating back to when the two franchises played in New York City. Both teams moved west for the 1958 season; the Brooklyn Dodgers and Los Angeles Dodgers have collectively appeared in the World Series 20 times, while the New York Giants and San Francisco Giants have collectively appeared 20 times. The Giants have won two more World Series. Although the two franchises have enjoyed near equal success, the city rivalries are rather lopsided and in both cases, a team's championships have predated to the other's first one in that particular location.
When the two teams were based in New York, the Giants won five World Series championships, the Dodgers one. After the move to California, the Dodgers have won five in Los Angeles, the Giants have won three in San Francisco; the Dodgers were founded in 1883 as the Brooklyn Atlantics, taking the name of a defunct team that had played in Brooklyn before them. The team joined the American Association in 1884 and won the AA championship in 1889 before joining the National League in 1890, they promptly won the NL Championship their first year in the League. The team was known alternatively as the Bridegrooms, Superbas and Trolley Dodgers before becoming the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1930s. In Brooklyn, the Dodgers won the NL pennant several times and the World Series in 1955. After moving to Los Angeles, the team won National League pennants in 1959, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1988, 2017, 2018, with World Series championships in 1959, 1963, 1965, 1981 and 1988. In all, the Dodgers have appeared in 11 in Los Angeles.
For most of the first half of the 20th century, no Major League Baseball team employed an African American player. Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play for a Major League Baseball team when he played his first major league game on April 15, 1947, as a member of the Brooklyn Dodgers; this was due to general manager Branch Rickey's efforts. The religious Rickey's motivation appears to have been moral, although business considerations were a factor. Rickey was a member of The Methodist Church, the antecedent denomination to The United Methodist Church of today, a strong advocate for social justice and active in the American Civil Rights Movement; this event was the harbinger of the integration of professional sports in the United States, the concomitant demise of the Negro Leagues, is regarded as a key moment in the history of the American Civil Rights Movement. Robinson was an exceptional player, a speed