2010 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2010 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champions – San Francisco Giants American League Champions – Texas Rangers National League Champions – San Francisco Giants Postseason – October 7 to November 4 Minor League Baseball AAA Championship: Columbus Clippers International League: Columbus Clippers Pacific Coast League: Tacoma Rainers Mexican League: Saraperos de Saltillo AA Eastern League: Altoona Curve Southern League: Jacksonville Suns Texas League: Northwest Arkansas Naturals A California League: San Jose Giants Carolina League: Potomac Nationals Florida State League: Tampa Yankees Midwest League: Lake County Captains South Atlantic League: Lakewood BlueClaws New York–Penn League: Tri-City ValleyCats Northwest League: Everett AquaSox Rookie Appalachian League: Johnson City Cardinals Gulf Coast League: GF Phillies Pioneer League: Helena Brewers Arizona League: AZL Brewers Dominican Summer League: DSL Giants Venezuelan Summer League: VSL Pirates Arizona Fall League: Scottsdale Scorpions Independent baseball leagues American Association: Shreveport-Bossier Captains Atlantic League: York Revolution Canadian American Association: Québec Capitales Frontier League: River City Rascals Golden Baseball League: Chico Outlaws Northern League: Fargo-Moorhead RedHawks United League Baseball: Edinburg Roadrunners Amateur College College World Series: South Carolina NCAA Division II: Southern Indiana NCAA Division III: Illinois Wesleyan NAIA: Cumberland Japan high school Spring Kōshien: Kōnan, Okinawa Summer Kōshien: Kōnan, Okinawa Kōnan becomes only the fifth school to sweep the country's two major high school tournaments in the same calendar year.
Youth Big League World Series: San Juan, Puerto Rico Junior League World Series: Taipei, Taiwan Little League World Series: Tokyo, Japan Senior League World Series: San Nicolaas, Aruba International National teams Intercontinental Cup: Cuba European Baseball Championship: Italy Central American and Caribbean Games: Dominican Republic Asian Games: South Korea South American Games: Venezuela World Junior Baseball Championship: Chinese Taipei Women's World Cup: Japan International Club team competitions Caribbean Series: Leones del Escogido European Champion Cup Final Four: Fortitudo Bologna KBO–NPB Championship: Chiba Lotte Marines Domestic leagues Australia – Claxton Shield: Victoria Aces China Baseball League: Guangdong Leopards Cuban National Series: Industriales Dominican League: Leones del Escogido France – Division Elite: Rouen Baseball 76 Holland Series: Neptunus Italian Cup: Fortitudo Bologna Japan Series: Chiba Lotte Marines Central League: Chunichi Dragons Pacific League: Chiba Lotte Marines Korea Baseball Organization: SK Wyverns Mexican League: Naranjeros de Hermosillo Puerto Rican League: Indios de Mayagüez Taiwan Series: Brother Elephants Venezuelan League: Leones del Caracas December December 4–7: Baseball winter meetings, Lake Buena Vista, Florida.
December 12: Last day for teams to offer 2011 contracts to unsigned players. Sources: Associated Press Baseball Hall of Fame honors Three individuals were elected and subsequently inducted—Andre Dawson in voting by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, umpire Doug Harvey and manager Whitey Herzog in voting by separate panels of the Veterans Committee. Bill Madden received the J. G. Taylor Spink Award for excellence in writing. Jon Miller received the Ford C. Frick Award for excellence in broadcasting. MVP Awards American League – Josh Hamilton National League – Joey Votto Cy Young Awards American League – Félix Hernández National League – Roy Halladay Rookie of the Year Awards American League – Neftalí Feliz National League – Buster Posey Manager of the Year Awards American League – Ron Gardenhire National League – Bud Black Silver Slugger AwardsGold Glove Awards Woman Executive of the Year: Sharon Ridley, Nashville Sounds, Pacific Coast LeagueMajor Leagues Babe Ruth Award – Tim Lincecum Branch Rickey Award – Vernon Wells DHL Delivery Man of the Year Award – Heath Bell Edgar Martínez Award – Vladimir Guerrero Hutch Award – Tim Hudson Luis Aparicio Award – Carlos González Roberto Clemente Award – Tim Wakefield Tony Conigliaro Award – Joaquín Benoit Players Choice Awards Player of the Year – Carlos González Marvin Miller Man of the Year – Brandon Inge Outstanding Players – Josh Hamilton / Carlos González Outstanding Pitchers – David Price / Roy Halladay Outstanding Rookies – Austin Jackson / Buster Posey Comeback players of the year – Vladimir Guerrero / Tim Hudson Sporting News Awards Player of the Year – Josh Hamilton Managers of the Year – Ron Gardenhire / Bud Black Pitchers of the Year – Félix Hernández / Roy Halladay Rookies of the Year – Austin Jackson / Jason Heyward Comeback players of the year – Vladimir Guerrero / Tim Hudson Relievers of the year – Rafael Soriano / Heath Bell Fielding Bible AwardsMinor Leagues Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jeremy Hellickson USA Today Minor League Player of the Year Award – Jeremy Hellickson January 2 – Toronto Blue Jays third baseman Edwin Encarnación is discharged from a Miami, hospital after suffering first- and second-degree burns to his face when he gets hit by fireworks during a New Year's celebration in his native La Romana, Dom
Vanderbilt Commodores baseball
The Vanderbilt Commodores baseball team is an American National Collegiate Athletic Association college baseball team, a former Division I national champion. From Vanderbilt University in Nashville, the team participates in the Eastern division of the Southeastern Conference and plays its home games on campus at Hawkins Field; the Commodores are coached by two-time SEC Coach of Tim Corbin. Vanderbilt first fielded a baseball team in 1886. Herbert Charles Sanborn, the chair of the Department of Philosophy and Psychology from 1921 to 1942, the president of the Nashville German-American Society, "an active anti-Semite and a racist", coached the team in 1912-1913. Baseball became a scholarship sport in 1968; the Commodores secured only three NCAA appearances in the 20th century—in 1973, 1974, 1980. They had only three other winning seasons in SEC play in the first 35 years of the scholarship era. However, they have been to every NCAA Tournament but one since 2004; the team qualified for the NCAA Super Regionals in 2004, had the nation's top recruiting class in 2005 according to Baseball America, made the NCAA field again in 2006, won the 2007 SEC regular-season and SEC tournament crowns.
The Commodores were ranked first in most polls for a majority of the 2007 season and earned the #1 national seed for the 2007 NCAA tournament. Vanderbilt's victory over the University of Virginia in the finals of the 2014 NCAA tournament marks the program's first national title and second appearance in the College World Series, having first appeared in 2011; the original venue for the Commodores ball club was Dudley Field. The Commodores play their home games at Hawkins Field, an on-campus facility with a 3,700 seat capacity. Temporary outfield bleachers were installed for the 2007 Regionals and all of the 2008 season, bringing the capacity to 3,535. In May 2008, Vanderbilt announced extensive plans to upgrade its athletic facilities, including the addition of permanent seats down the first base line and outfield seats in both left-center and right field; these additions increased the size of Hawkins Field to its current capacity of 3,700 seats. It is adjacent to both Vanderbilt Stadium and Memorial Gymnasium and is across the street from the McGugin Center.
Hawkins Field opened in 2002 and is named after a donor who gave $2 million to help finance construction. The stadium was the site of the first NCAA Baseball Tournament Regional that Vanderbilt hosted when it was the site of the Nashville Regional in 2007. Vanderbilt and Hawkins Field again hosted Regionals in 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, hosted Super Regionals in 2011, 2013, 2014 and 2018. Records are through the end of the 2011 Season Records taken from the 2011 Vanderbilt baseball media guide; the NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament started in 1947. The format of the tournament has changed through the years. Vanderbilt's NCAA Tournament History Most stolen bases in one inning SEC Opponent Florida Gators May 26, 2012 Most stolen bases in one inning NCAA Opponent Florida Gators May 26, 2012 Most stolen bases in a game Opponent Florida Gators May 26, 2012 2007 Golden Spikes Award Finalist 2007 Baseball America First Team All American 2007 National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association First Team All American 2007 American Baseball Coaches Association Second Team All American 2006 Baseball America National Freshman of the Year 2006 Collegiate Baseball National Freshman of the Year 2006 Baseball America First Team All American 2007 Roger Clemens Award Winner 2007 Golden Spikes Award Winner 2007 Dick Howser Trophy Winner 2007 Baseball America College Player of the Year 2007 American Baseball Coaches Association National Player of the Year 2007 American Baseball Coaches Association First Team All American 2007 Brooks Wallace Award Winner 2007 Baseball America College All-America First Team 2007 Collegiate Baseball National Player of the Year 2007 National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association First Team All-American 2007 National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association District Player of the Year 2007 SEC Male Athlete of the Year 2007 SEC Pitcher of the Year 2007 First Team All-SEC 2006 Golden Spikes Award Finalist 2006 Baseball America Summer Player of the Year 2007 Baseball America First Team All American 2007 Collegiate Baseball First Team All American 2007 American Baseball Coaches Association First Team All American 2007 National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association Third Team All American 2007 First Team All SEC 2014 All-Southeastern Conference First Team 2014 College World Series Most Outstanding Player 2015 All-SEC Second Team 2015 Baseball America First Team All-American 2015 Collegiate Baseball First Team All-American 2015 Coaches' Poll First Team All-American First Overall Pick of the 2015 MLB Draft by the Arizona Diamondbacks Pitcher of the YearDavid Price - 2007 Grayson Garvin - 2011 Carson Fulmer - 2015Player of the Year AwardHunter Bledsoe - 1999 Tony Kemp - 2013Freshman of the Year AwardPedro Alvarez - 2006 Tony Kemp - 2011 Pedro Álvarez, former 1st round draft pick Mike Baxter, former Padre, Met and Cub Tyler Beede, former 1st round draft pick Ben Bowden, former 2nd round draft pick Walker Buehler, former 1st round draft pick Matt Buschmann, Arizona Diamondbacks Curt Casali, Tampa Rays Nick Christiani, former Cincinnati Red Vince Conde, former 9th round draft pick Joey Cora, former Seattle Mariners All Star 2B Caleb Cotham, Cincinnati Reds Ryan Flaherty, Atlanta Braves Carson Fulmer, former 1st round draft pick Grayson Garvin, former 1st round
Buffalo Grove, Illinois
Buffalo Grove is a village in Lake and Cook counties in the U. S. state of Illinois, within the northwest suburbs of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the village population was 41,496. Most of the village is located within the 10th Congressional District of Illinois, although the southern portion is represented in the 8th Congressional District. Buffalo Grove is located at 42°9′59″N 87°57′48″W, among the northwest suburbs of Chicago. Illinois Route 83 leads north towards central Lake County and south towards O'Hare International Airport. East-west streets can take residents east to Lake Michigan and other North Shore suburbs such as Lake Forest, Highland Park, Glencoe. Buffalo Grove is about 30 miles northwest of the Chicago Loop. Buffalo Grove is split along Lake Cook Road into two parts: the Lake County Vernon Township portion. Around three-quarters of the village is in Vernon Township. Both portions differ in their similarities with neighboring communities. Buffalo Grove shares a border with Wheeling to its southeast, Arlington Heights to its southwest and south and Deerfield directly east, Lincolnshire to its northeast, Vernon Hills directly north, Long Grove to its west and northwest.
Unincorporated Prairie View is located in two different parts around the village. First, there is the larger and historic portion, towards the north and includes Didier Farms. There is the second, much smaller portion, centered on the Horatio Gardens subdivision just northeast of the intersection of Weiland Road and Pauline Avenue. According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 9.53 square miles, of which 9.50 square miles is land and 0.03 square miles is water. According to the village's land use data, single-family homes make up 43.9% of village land, 9.2% for single-family attached homes, 4.2% for multi family homes, 4.8% for commercial purposes, 2.4% for office, 10.8% for industrial, 3.5% is public property, 6.1% is right-of-way/utility, only 1.4% remains vacant. A modest 13.8 % is for open space. The Mike Rylko Community Park, located northwest of the intersection of McHenry Road and Buffalo Grove Road, is the largest park in the village with an estimated 76.5 acres. The village manages a small portion of the Buffalo Creek Forest Preserve, located in Long Grove.
The forest preserve has a total of 408 acres and located north of the intersection of Lake-Cook Road and Arlington Heights Road. As of the census of 2010, a total 41,496 people, 15,708 households, 11,655 families were residing in the village; the population density was 4,666.9 people per square mile. There were 16,166 housing units at an average density of 1,758.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 79.82% White, 1.00% African American, 0.16% Native American, 15.99% Asian, 0.0434% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.92% of the population. Like in many of the nearby North Shore Suburbs, there is a large Jewish population in Buffalo Grove. 3.4% of the total population of Buffalo Grove were born in Ukraine. Out of 15,708 households, 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families.
22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the village is US$83,545, the median income for a family is $101,336. Males have a median income of $63,107 versus $41,039 for females; the per capita income for the village is $49,794. 3.3% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 2.6% are under the age of 18 and 2.2% are 65 or older. In 2011, 16.0% of Buffalo Grove's residents were Asian, making it the Chicago suburb with the seventh highest percentage of Asians.
Wheeling Township Buffalo Grove as well as a small portion of Lake County Buffalo Grove is served by the Indian Trails Public Library District located in Wheeling south of the intersection of Dundee Road and Schoenbeck Road. Vernon Township Buffalo Grove is served by the Vernon Area Public Library District located in Lincolnshire just north of the intersection of Half Day Road and Olde Half Day Road; the Raupp Museum, operated by the Buffalo Grove Park District, is the town's museum of local history. Saint Mary's Church, completed 1899, is the oldest building in the village. Lou Malnatis Pizzeria is housed in the second oldest building in the village. Located around the same downtown area, there is the Buffalo Grove Town Center, a major shopping and retail destination within the village, at the Buffalo Grove Road and McHenry Road intersections with Lake-Cook Road, being anchored by the Buffalo Grove Theaters and by Bowlero: a bowling/arcade/laser-tag venue that hosts birthday parties. During the summer, Buffalo Grove hosts two festivals.
The Buffalo Grove Invitational Fine Arts Festival is held in Buffalo Grove Town Center in mid-July, with
In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of practices and exhibition games preceding the start of the regular season. Spring training allows new players to try out for roster and position spots, gives established players practice time prior to competitive play. Spring training has always attracted fan attention, drawing crowds who travel to the warm climates of Arizona and Florida to enjoy the weather and watch their favorite teams play, spring training coincides with spring break for many US college students. Spring training starts in mid-February and continues until just before Opening Day of the regular season, which falls in the last week of March. In some years, teams not scheduled to play on Opening Day will play spring training games that day. Pitchers and catchers report to spring training first because pitchers benefit from a longer training period. A few days position players arrive and team practice begins. Exhibition games begin around the first of March. Spring training by major league teams in sites other than their regular season game sites first became popular in the 1890s and by 1910 was in wide use.
Hot Springs, has been called the original "birthplace" of spring training baseball. The location of Hot Springs and the concept of getting the players ready for the upcoming season was the brainchild of Chicago White Stockings team President Albert Spalding and Cap Anson. In 1886, the White Stockings traveled to Hot Springs to prepare for the upcoming season. After holding spring training at the Hot Springs Baseball Grounds, the White Stockings went on to have a successful season and other teams took notice. In subsequent years other teams joined Chicago and began holding spring training in Hot Springs, leading to the first spring training games; the Cleveland Spiders, Detroit Tigers, Pittsburgh Pirates, Cincinnati Reds, Brooklyn Dodgers, Boston Red Sox followed the White Stockings to Hot Springs. Whittington Field/Ban Johnson Park, Majestic Park, Fogel Field were all built in Hot Springs to host Major League teams. Famously, on St. Patrick's Day, 1918, a young successful pitcher named Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox was forced to play an emergency game at first base in a spring training game against Pittsburgh.
This game changed the course of baseball history, as it was the first time Ruth had played any position other than pitcher. Ruth responded by hitting two home runs that day in Hot Springs, the second was a 573-foot shot that landed across the street from Whittington Park in a pond of the Arkansas Alligator Farm and Petting Zoo; the Red Sox took notice and soon Ruth was playing the field more often. Over 130 Major League Baseball Hall of Famers, including such names as Ruth, Cy Young, Cap Anson, Honus Wagner, Ty Cobb, Tris Speaker, Walter Johnson, Rogers Hornsby, Mel Ott, Dizzy Dean, Jimmie Foxx, Stan Musial all trained in Hot Springs Spring Training; the First Boys of Spring is a 2015 documentary about Hot Springs Spring Training. The film was narrated by area native, actor Billy Bob Thornton, produced by filmmaker Larry Foley; the documentary began airing nationally on the MLB Network in February 2016. Early training sites include the St. Louis Cardinals in Tulsa, Oklahoma; the Detroit Tigers are credited with being the first team to conduct spring training camp in Arizona.
They trained in Phoenix at Riverside Park at Central Avenue and the Salt River in 1929. The Philadelphia Phillies were the first of the current major-league teams to train in Florida, when they spent two weeks in Jacksonville, Florida in 1889. Spring training in Florida began in earnest in 1913, when the Chicago Cubs trained in Tampa and the Cleveland Indians in Pensacola. One year two other teams moved to Florida for spring training, the real start of the Grapefruit League. Except for a couple of years during World War II, when travel restrictions prevented teams training south of the Potomac and Ohio rivers, Florida hosted more than half of the spring training teams through 2009. Since 2010, major league teams have been divided between Arizona and Florida during spring training, with 15 teams in Florida and 15 teams in Arizona. All but six of the major league teams have gone to spring training in Florida at one time or another. Many of the most famous players in baseball history have called Florida home for 4–6 weeks every spring.
According to the autobiography of former Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck, the avoidance of racism was one reason the Cactus League was established. In 1947, Veeck was the owner of the minor league Milwaukee Brewers and the team trained in Ocala, Florida. Veeck inadvertently sat in the Black section of the segregated stands and engaged in conversation with a couple of fans. According to Veeck's book, the local law enforcement told Veeck he could not sit in that section, called the Ocala mayor when Veeck argued back; the mayor backed down when Veeck threatened to take his team elsewhere for spring training and promised to let the country know why. Veeck sold the Brewers in 1945 and temporarily retired to a ranch in Tucson, but purchased the Cleveland Indians in 1946. Intending to introduce African-American players, Veeck decided to buck tradition and train the Indians in Tucson and convinced the New York Giants to give Phoenix a try, thus the
Los Angeles Angels
The Los Angeles Angels are an American professional baseball franchise based in Anaheim, California. The Angels compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division; the Angels have played home games at Angel Stadium since 1966. The current MLB franchise was established as an expansion team in 1961 by Gene Autry, the team's first owner. Autry was a famous singing cowboy actor in a series of films in the 1930s to 1950s, was the subject of the Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum; the "Angels" name was taken by Autry in tribute to the previous original Los Angeles Angels, a Minor League franchise in the Pacific Coast League, which played in South Central Los Angeles from 1903 to 1957. He bought the rights to the Angels name from Walter O'Malley, the then-Los Angeles Dodgers owner, who acquired the PCL franchise from Philip K. Wrigley the owner of the parent Chicago Cubs at the time, as part of the Dodgers' move to Southern California; the "Los Angeles Angels" name originates from the first Los Angeles-based sports team, the Los Angeles Angels, who took the name "Angels" from the English translation of "Los Angeles", which means "The Angels" in Spanish.
The team name started in 1892. A. through the PCL, now a minor league affiliate of MiLB. The Angels franchise of today was established in MLB in 1961 after former owner Gene Autry bought the rights to continue the franchise name from Walter O'Malley, the former Los Angeles Dodgers owner who had acquired the franchise from Phil Wrigley, the owner of the Chicago Cubs at the time; as stated in the book Under the Halo: The Official History of Angels Baseball, "Autry agreed to buy the franchise name for $350,000, continue the history of the popular Pacific Coast League team as his own expansion team in the MLB." After the Angels joined the Major Leagues, some players from the Angels' PCL team joined the Major League Angels in 1961. As an expansion franchise, the club continued in Los Angeles as the "Los Angeles Angels", played their home games at Los Angeles' Wrigley Field, the home of the PCL Los Angeles Angels; the Angels were one of two expansion teams established as a result of the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion, along with the second incarnation of the Washington Senators.
The team moved in 1962 to newly built Dodger Stadium, which the Angels referred to as Chavez Ravine, where they were tenants of the Los Angeles Dodgers through 1965. The team's founder, entertainer Gene Autry, owned the franchise for its first 36 years. During Autry's ownership, the team never won the pennant; the team has gone through several name changes in their history, first changing their name to the California Angels on September 2, 1965, with a month still left in the season, in recognition of their upcoming move to the newly constructed Anaheim Stadium in Anaheim at the start of the 1966 season. When The Walt Disney Company took control of the team in 1997, it extensively renovated Anaheim Stadium, renamed Edison International Field of Anaheim; the City of Anaheim contributed $30 million to the $118 million renovation with a renegotiated lease providing that the names of both the stadium and team contain the word "Anaheim". The team was renamed the Anaheim Angels and became a subsidiary of Disney Sports, Inc..
Under Disney's ownership and the leadership of manager Mike Scioscia, the Angels won their first pennant and World Series championship in 2002. In 2005, new owner Arturo Moreno added "Los Angeles" to the team's name. In compliance with the terms of its lease with the city of Anaheim, which required "Anaheim" be a part of the team's name, the team was renamed the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. Fans and the municipal governments of both Anaheim and Los Angeles all objected to the change, with the City of Anaheim pursuing litigation; the team refers to itself as the Angels or Angels Baseball in its home media market, the words "Los Angeles" do not appear in the stadium, on the Angels' uniforms, or on official team merchandise. Local media in Southern California tend to omit a geographic identifier and refer to the team as the Angels or as the Halos; the Associated Press, the most prominent news service in the U. S. refers to the team as the Angels, or Los Angeles. The team refers to itself as the "Los Angeles Angels" on its social media accounts, including Twitter and Instagram.
In 2013, the team was to drop "of Anaheim" from its name, as part of a new Angel Stadium lease negotiated with the Anaheim city government. The deal was never finalized, though as of 2019, most official sources omit the "of Anaheim" suffix and the official MLB Style Guide has referred to the team as the Los Angeles Angels since the 2016 season; the mantra "Win One for the Cowboy" is a staple, rooted in Angels history for fans. The saying refers to the Angels' founder and previous owner, Gene Autry, who never saw his Angels win a World Series in his 38 years as owner. Years went by. By the Angels' first World Series Championship in 2002, Autry had died, but after winning the World Series, Angels player Tim Salmon ran into the home dugout and brought out one of Autry's signature white Stetson hats in honor of the "singing cowboy". Autry's # 26. Angel Stadium of Anaheim is nicknamed "The Big A." It has a section in
In baseball, the field manager is the equivalent of a head coach, responsible for overseeing and making final decisions on all aspects of on-field team strategy, lineup selection and instruction. Managers are assisted by a staff of assistant coaches whose responsibilities are specialized. Field managers are not involved in off-field personnel decisions or long-term club planning, responsibilities that are instead held by a team's general manager; the manager chooses the batting order and starting pitcher before each game, makes substitutions throughout the game – among the most significant being those decisions regarding when to bring in a relief pitcher. How much control a manager takes in a game's strategy varies from manager to manager and from game to game; some managers control pitch selection, defensive positioning, decisions to bunt, pitch out, etc. while others designate an assistant coach or a player to make some or all of these decisions. Some managers choose to act as their team's first base or third base coach while their team is batting in order to more communicate with baserunners, but most managers delegate this responsibility to an assistant.
Managers are assisted by two or more coaches. In many cases, a manager is a former professional, college player. A high proportion of current and former managers played the central position of catcher during their playing days, including Yogi Berra, Bruce Bochy, Joe Girardi, Mike Scioscia, Joe Torre, Ned Yost; the manager's responsibilities are limited to in-game decisions, with off-field roster management and personnel decisions falling to the team's general manager. The term manager used without qualification always refers to the field manager, while the general manager is called the GM; this usage dates back to the early days of professional baseball when it was common practice for teams to have just one "manager" on their staff, where GM duties were performed either by the field manager or by the owner of the team. Some owners carried out both GM and field managerial duties themselves. Major League Baseball managers differ from the head coaches of most other professional sports in that they dress in the same uniform as the players and are assigned a jersey number.
The wearing of a matching uniform is practiced at other levels of play, as well. The manager may be called "skipper" or "skip" informally by his players. List of Major League Baseball managers List of Major League Baseball managers by wins List of Major League Baseball player–managers Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award This Year in Baseball Awards Sporting News Manager of the Decade Honor Rolls of Baseball American Baseball Coaches Association
Chicago White Sox
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. The White Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League Central division; the White Sox are owned by Jerry Reinsdorf, play their home games at Guaranteed Rate Field, located on the city's South Side. They are one of two major league clubs in Chicago. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the franchise was established as a major league baseball club in 1901; the club was called the Chicago White Stockings, but this was soon shortened to Chicago White Sox. The team played home games at South Side Park before moving to Comiskey Park in 1910, where they played until Guaranteed Rate Field opened in 1991; the White Sox won the 1906 World Series with a defense-oriented team dubbed "the Hitless Wonders", the 1917 World Series led by Eddie Cicotte, Eddie Collins, Shoeless Joe Jackson. The 1919 World Series was marred by the Black Sox Scandal, in which several members of the White Sox were accused of conspiring with gamblers to fix games.
In response, Major League Baseball's new Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned the players from Major League Baseball for life. In 1959, led by Early Wynn, Nellie Fox, Luis Aparicio and manager Al López, the White Sox won the American League pennant, they won the AL pennant in 2005, went on to win the World Series, led by World Series MVP Jermaine Dye, Paul Konerko, Mark Buehrle, catcher A. J. Pierzynski, the first Latino manager to win the World Series, Ozzie Guillén. For 1901-2018, the White Sox have an overall record of 9211-9126; the White Sox originated as the Sioux City Cornhuskers of the Western League, a minor league under the parameters of the National Agreement with the National League. In 1894, Charles Comiskey bought the Cornhuskers and moved them to St. Paul, where they became the St. Paul Saints. In 1900, with the approval of Western League president Ban Johnson, Charles Comiskey moved the Saints into his hometown neighborhood of Armour Square, where they became known as the White Stockings, the former name of Chicago's National League team, the Orphans.
In 1901, the Western League broke the National Agreement and became the new major league American League. The first season in the American League ended with a White Stockings championship. However, that would be the end of the season as the World Series did not begin until 1903; the franchise, now known as the Chicago White Sox, made its first World Series appearance in 1906, beating the crosstown Cubs in six games. The White Sox would win a third pennant and second World Series in 1917, beating the New York Giants in six games with help from stars Eddie Cicotte and "Shoeless" Joe Jackson; the Sox were favored in the 1919 World Series, but lost to the Cincinnati Reds in 8 games. Huge bets on the Reds fueled speculation. A criminal investigation went on in the 1920 season, though all players were acquitted, commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned eight of the White Sox players for life, in what was known as the Black Sox Scandal; this set the franchise back. The White Sox did not finish in the upper half of the American League again until after club founder Charles Comiskey died and passed ownership of the club to his son, J. Louis Comiskey.
They finished in the upper half most years between 1936–1946 under the leadership of manager Jimmy Dykes, with star shortstop Luke Appling, known as Ol' Aches and Pains, pitcher Ted Lyons. Appling and Lyons have their numbers 16 retired. After J. Louis Comiskey died in 1939, ownership of the club was passed down to his widow, Grace Comiskey; the club was passed down to Grace's children Dorothy and Chuck in 1956, with Dorothy selling a majority share to a group led by Bill Veeck after the 1958 season. Veeck was notorious for his promotional stunts, attracting fans to Comiskey Park with the new "exploding scoreboard" and outfield shower. In 1961, Arthur Allyn, Jr. owned the club before selling to his brother John Allyn. From 1951 to 1967, the White Sox had their longest period of sustained success, scoring a winning record for 17 straight seasons. Known as the "Go-Go White Sox" for their tendency to focus on speed and getting on base versus power hitting, they featured stars such as Minnie Miñoso, Nellie Fox, Luis Aparicio, Billy Pierce, Sherm Lollar.
From 1957 to 1965, the Sox were managed by Al López. The Sox finished in the upper half of the American League in eight of his nine seasons, including six years in the top two of the league. In 1959, the White Sox ended the New York Yankees dominance over the American League, won their first pennant since the ill-fated 1919 campaign. Despite winning game one of the 1959 World Series 11-0, they fell to the Los Angeles Dodgers in six games; the late 1960s and 70s were a tumultuous time for the Sox, as they struggled to win games and attract fans. Allyn and Bud Selig agreed to a handshake deal that would give Selig control of the club and move them to Milwaukee. Selig instead bought the Seattle Pilots and moved them to Milwaukee, putting enormous pressure on the American League to place a team in Seattle. A plan was in place for the Sox to move to Seattle and for Charlie Finley to move his Oakland A's to Chicago. However, Chicago had a renewed interest in the Sox after the 1972 season, the American League instead added the expansion Seattle Mariners.
The 1972 White Sox were one of the lone successful sea