Queens Park Rangers F.C.
Queens Park Rangers Football Club is a professional association football club based in White City, London, that plays in the Championship, the second tier of English football. Their honours include winning the League Cup in 1967, as well as finishing top of the tier in 1983 and 2011. QPR were also runners-up of the Football League First Division in 1975–76, Queens Park Rangers were founded in 1886 after the merger of Christchurch Rangers and St. Judes Institute. Owing to their proximity to other west London clubs, QPR maintain long-standing rivalries with other clubs in the area. The most notable of these are Chelsea, Fulham and Brentford, outside London, QPR also traditionally share rivalries with Watford, Luton and Cardiff, although in recent years these fixtures have become less prominent. For the current season see 2015–16 Queens Park Rangers F. C. season The club was formed in 1886, the resulting team was called Queens Park Rangers, because most of the players came from the Queens Park area of north-west London. QPR were promoted as champions of Division 3 South in the 1947–48 season, Dave Mangnall was the manager as the club participated in four seasons of the Second Division, being relegated in 1951–52. Tony Ingham was signed from Leeds United and went on to make the most ever league appearances for QPR, arguably the clubs greatest ever manager, Alec Stock, arrived prior to the start of the 1959–60 season. The 1960–61 season saw QPR achieve their biggest win to date, in time, Stock, together with Jim Gregory who arrived as chairman in the mid-1960s, helped to achieve a total transformation of the club and its surroundings. It is still the major trophy that QPR have won. It was also the first League Cup final to be held at Wembley Stadium, after winning promotion in 1968 to the top flight for the first time in their history, Rangers were relegated after just one season and spent the next four years in Division Two. Terry Venables joined from Spurs at the beginning of the 1969–70 season, during this time, new QPR heroes emerged including Phil Parkes, Don Givens, Dave Thomas and Stan Bowles. These new signings were in addition to home-grown talent such as Dave Clement, Ian Gillard, Mick Leach, after completing their 42-game season, QPR sat at the top of the league, one point ahead of Liverpool who went on to defeat Wolverhampton Wanderers to clinch the title. Wolves were relegated to the Second Division that same season, following Sextons departure in 1977 the club eventually slipped into the Second Division in 1979. In 1980 Terry Venables took over as manager and the club installed a plastic pitch, in 1982 QPR, still playing in the Second Division, reached the FA Cup Final for the only time in the clubs history, facing holders Tottenham Hotspur. Tottenham won 1–0 in a replay, the following season QPR went on to win the Second Division championship and returned to English footballs top division. After a respectable fifth-place finish, and UEFA Cup qualification, the following year, in 1988 the club had a new chairman, Richard Thompson. Who at 24 was the Premier Leagues youngest ever chairman, over the next seven years, various managers came and went from Loftus Road and the club spent many seasons finishing mid table but avoided relegation
Cheshunt /ˈtʃɛzənt/ is a town in the metropolitan area of London, the Greater London Urban Area and the Borough of Broxbourne, the most southeasterly borough in the county of Hertfordshire. It is north of central London by 12 miles and has a population of around 52,000 according to the United Kingdoms 2001 Census, the Prime Meridian passes to the east of Cheshunt. This is commemorated in the arms of the former Cheshunt urban district council, Cheshunt was a settlement on Ermine Street, the main Roman road leading north from London. This origin was investigated by the archaeology programme Time Team. Before the Norman Conquest, the manor of Cheshunt was held by Eddeva the Fair, the parish church of St Mary the Virgin was first recorded in a charter of 1146, but was entirely rebuilt between 1418 and 1448 with a three-stage tower topped by an octagonal turret. As Princess Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth I lived at Cheshunt in the care of Sir Anthony Denny, Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth, died here in 1712. In 1825, Cheshunt was also the location of the Cheshunt Railway, the towns Bury Green neighbourhood was once the home of singer Cliff Richard. Lotus Cars as well as the nationally famous Debenhams were also founded in Cheshunt, and the headquarters of Tesco, in 2002, Cheshunt hosted the only officially licensed European BotCon convention to date. Services in Cheshunt include the Brookfield Centre, which includes Next, Boots, Argos, River Island and Marks & Spencer stores, there is a Marriott Hotel nearby, and the town centre includes a wide variety of smaller shops. Being located in the Lea Valley, Cheshunt has access to the Lee Valley Park, the park is accessible at many points, one being extremely close to the towns railway station at Windmill Lane. The B198 which runs near the site has been renamed Lieutenant Ellis Way, after the pilot. One of the firemen who attended the scene secured funding in 2010 for a permanent memorial at the scene, up until 2004, Temple Bar stood in Theobalds Park, having been moved from London at the turn of the 19th century. The gateway has since been re-erected in London at Paternoster Square on the side of St Pauls Cathedral. The park received a Green Flag award in 2013, cheshunts best-known employer is Tesco, whose head office has been in Cheshunt for many years. A small store has been in the centre for many years and is still open today. In 1983 a new out-of-town Tesco store located to the north of the opened, named Brookfield Farm. It later expanded, and a branch of Marks & Spencer built next door, on 8 January 2015, Tesco announced among other major cost cutting measures that its headquarters were to move from Cheshunt to Welwyn Garden City. In 1959, Colin Chapman moved his fledgling Lotus group of companies, including Lotus Cars and Team Lotus, racing cars from here won the first two of its seven constructor championships in before moving to Hethel, Norfolk, in 1966
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders, the 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, and in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder. The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, vision, control, stamina, tackling and marking in defence, left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch. They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1, a notable example of a right midfielder is David Beckham. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal. These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may also move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, marking, tackling, interceptions, passing and great stamina. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal. The holding midfielder may also have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy
Wycombe Wanderers F.C.
Wycombe Wanderers Football Club /ˈwɪkəm/ is a professional association football club based in the town of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England. The team play in League Two, the tier of English football. The club plays at Adams Park, which is situated on the outskirts of High Wycombe. The clubs nicknames are the Chairboys and the Blues, Ainsworth retired from playing at the end of the 2012–13 season. He is assisted by Richard Dobson and Barry Richardson, the club was awarded the Family Club of the Year award twice in a row in 2006–07 and 2007–08. This is the time that the award has been given to the same club in consecutive seasons. The club received a Football League Family Excellence Award after the 2009–10, 2011–12, the exact details of the formation of Wycombe Wanderers F. C. have largely been lost to history. A group of young furniture trade workers started a team to play matches in 1884 and this team was called North Town Wanderers. In 1887, a meeting held at the Steam Engine public house in Station Road and it is highly likely the club was named Wanderers after the famous Wanderers, winners of the first F. A. The club played friendly matches between 1887 and 1896, Amateur Cup in 1894 and the F. A. In 1895 the club moved to Loakes Park, which would become its home for the next 95 years, in 1896 the club joined the Southern League and competed in the Second Division until 1908. In the summer of 1908 the club declined the invitation to retain their membership of the Southern League, the club decided to pursue amateur instead of professional football and joined the Great Western Suburban League and remained there until the outbreak of the First World War. After the hostilities had ended the club joined the Spartan League in 1919 and were Champions in successive years, in March 1921 the clubs application to join the Isthmian League was accepted. The club remained a member of the Isthmian League until 1985, for over sixty years the Wanderers sought to be the greatest amateur club in the country. One of the clubs greatest achievements came in April 1931 when the F. A, Amateur Cup was won for the only time. The Wanderers beat Hayes 1–0 in the final at Highbury, home of Arsenal, the club also reached the first round proper of the F. A. Cup for the first time in November 1932, losing to Gillingham in a replay at Loakes Park, the club remained active during the Second World War, competing in the Great Western Combination, which was won in 1945. It provided the basis for a period of unprecedented success in 1950s, the club appointed Sid Cann as coach in 1952 and he led the Wanderers to their first Isthmian League title in 1956
Hemel Hempstead Town F.C.
Hemel Hempstead Town Football Club is an English semi-professional football club based in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire. They currently compete in the National League South, the tier of English football. The club is affiliated to the Hertfordshire Football Association, the club was formed in 1885 as Apsley End F. C. and first played in the West Herts League, before joining the Herts County League in 1899 and competed until 1922. The club joined the Spartan League in 1922 and competed until 1952 when they joined the Delphian League, in 1955 the name was changed once again to Hemel Hempstead Town F. C. In 1962, with the dissolution of the Delphian League, the joined the Athenian League in its new Division Two. They were promoted twice in consecutive seasons to reach the Premier Division, in 1972 the club merged with Hemel Hempstead United, with the merged club reverting to being called simply Hemel Hempstead. In 1977 the Tudors joined the Isthmian League, where they were to play for over 25 years. They found success hard to come by in this league, even dropping to Division Three for one season, but since the arrival of new chairman Dave Boggins in 1997 their fortunes improved slightly. In 1997–98 the club won the Isthmian League Division Three title, followed by the Division Two title in 1999–2000, hemels first season in the Southern Premier was a disappointing one, as they finished fourth from bottom and were relegated. A long campaign took its toll as Hemel lost 3–1 in the semi-final to Team Bath, Hemel made the playoffs again in the 2008–09 season, going through a succession of managers in the process. Another fifth-place finish saw them pitted against Farnborough in the semi-final, Hemel had a poor 2009–10 season, eventually finishing in 19th position. They were spared relegation by virtue of clubs from further up the pyramid being reprieved, demoted or ceasing to exist, during pre-season Colin Payne was appointed manager as they prepared for another season in the Southern League Premier Division. In September 2011, due to a start to the season. Tommy Widdrington then left the club in March 2012, replaced by former Aylesbury management duo Mark Eaton, after finishing 19th, Mark and Alan left the club and were replaced by Dean Brennan and Stuart Maynard. On May 25, the Football Associations proposed constitution for the Southern League Premier Division indicated a reprieve for Hemel Hempstead Town and this was ratified at the Southern League AGM on June 16,2012, earning the Tudors a second reprieve in as many years. A turn of fortune followed in the 2012/13 season, with Dean Brennan and Stuart Maynard leading the Tudors to 4th place in the league, the clubs highest ever finish. Hemel beat Chesham United 2–0 in the playoff semi-final, before losing 5–4 in a penalty shootout to Gosport Borough in front of a home league crowd of 2,840. The season also saw Hemel beat Potters Bar 2–0 to lift the Hertfordshire FA Senior Challenge Cup, in June 2013, members of the Hertfordshire FA Competitions Committee voted Hemel Hempstead Town FC as the 2013 winners of the Sir Stanley Rous Memorial Trophy
Eastbourne Borough F.C.
Eastbourne Borough Football Club is an English football club based in Eastbourne, East Sussex. The club is a FA Chartered Standard Community club affiliated to the Sussex County Football Association and is a registered Community Interest Company, the club joined the Sussex County League in 1983 as a founding member of the new Division Three. Following two successive promotions in 1986/87 and 1987/88 under their manager, Pete Cherry, they played in Division One until the end of the 20th century. The club then experienced a rise through the divisions under Garry Wilson, the club currently participates in the National League South, the sixth tier of English football. They are known as The Sports after their previous name as Langney Sports, Eastbourne Borough play their home matches at Priory Lane in Langney. They were formed in 1964 as Langney F. C. naming themselves after the Langney district of Eastbourne in which the club continues to play its home games, on forming in 1964, Langney FC entered the Eastbourne & District Football League, competing in Division 2. Despite forming in 1964, Langney only affiliated with the Sussex FA in the Summer 1965, prior to the 1968/69 season there was a change of name to Langney Sports F. C. when the club affiliated to the Langney Community Association. At this time the club was playing on local recreation grounds before moving to Princes Park near the seafront, at the end of the season 1973/74, the club won promotion to the Premier Division of the Eastbourne & Hastings League. They relocated from the fields at Princes Park to their current home ground at Priory Lane. In 1986/87 Langney Sports achieved a treble by claiming the Third Division title, the Division 3 League Cup, the Sports followed this with a second successive promotion the next season to Division 1. In 1992, Langney reached the final of the Sussex Senior Challenge Cup, losing 0–1 to the team of Sussexs only professional club. In his first full season in 2000 they finished the season as Sussex County League Champions, in their second season they finished seventh and secured their first Sussex Senior Cup title in front of a record crowd, beating Lewes after extra-time in the final. The following season resulted in promotion to the Premier Division with Borough finishing second, at the end of the season they staged a defence of their Sussex Senior Cup title against Crawley Town in the final of the competition, losing 6–5 on penalties. A further promotion was almost earned immediately as the club finished fifth, however, they were beaten 2–1 by Altrincham in the play-off final at Stoke Citys Britannia Stadium, and remained in the Conference South. The next season they finished in the half of the table in 17th place. The 2007–08 season was one of Eastbourne Boroughs most memorable, from the start of the season until 1 January 2008 they were unbeaten at the top of the league, until losing to local rivals Lewes in front of 3,027 fans at Priory Lane. At the end of the season Eastbourne finished 2nd with 80 points while Lewes won with 89 points and they finished their first season in a comfortable 13th place with 60 points and a goal difference of −12. The season saw Eastbourne play live for the first time at Priory Lane in front of national TV cameras, which broadcast their match against Stevenage, Eastbourne also completed the 2008–09 season by winning the Sussex Senior Cup beating Brighton & Hove Albion Reserves 1–0
Barnsley Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. The team play in the Championship, the tier of the English football league system. Nicknamed the Tykes, they were founded in 1887 by Reverend Tiverton Preedy under the name Barnsley St. Peters, the club colours are red and white, and their home ground since 1888 has been Oakwell. Taylor broke into the Barnsley team just after the sale of wing-half Danny Blanchflower to Aston Villa. Blanchflower would go on to sign for Tottenham Hotspur and be voted FWA Player of the Year twice as well as captaining the North London club to the first league and cup double of the 20th century. Barnsley FC was established in 1887 by a clergyman, Tiverton Preedy and they joined the Football League in 1898, and struggled in the Second Division for the first decade, due in part to ongoing financial difficulties. In 1910 the club reached the FA Cup final, where they lost out to Newcastle United in a replay match. However, they would reach the 1912 FA Cup Final where they would defeat West Bromwich Albion 1–0 in a replay to win the trophy for the first. When the league restarted after World War I, the 1919–20 season brought significant changes to the league. The principal difference was that the First Division would be increased from 20 teams to 22, the bottom team from the previous season was Tottenham Hotspur and they were duly relegated. The first extra place in the First Division went to Chelsea, derby County and Preston North End were rightly promoted from the Second Division which left one place to be filled. Henry Norris, the then Arsenal chairman, had recently moved Woolwich Arsenal north of the River Thames to Highbury and he was later to admit some underhand dealings, allegedly including the bribing of some member clubs to vote for Arsenals inclusion. They duly won the vote and Barnsley were consigned to the tier of English football for another 8 decades. The club did come close to reaching the top division in the early years. In 1922, they missed out on promotion by a single goal, during the years preceding and following World War II, the club found themselves sliding between the Second and Third Division. Around the time of Blanchflowers departure, a young centre-forward called Tommy Taylor broke into the Barnsley team, scoring 26 goals in 44 games for Barnsley. In April 1953, he one of the most expensive players in English football at the time when Matt Busby signed him for Manchester United for a fee of £29,999. In 1965, Barnsley were relegated to the Football League Fourth Division for the first time and they went down to the Fourth Division again in 1972, and this time stayed down for seven seasons, finally returning to the Third Division in 1979
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Morecambe Football Club is a professional football club in Morecambe, Lancashire, England, which plays in League Two, the fourth tier of English football. In 2007, they were promoted for the first time into the Football League, from 1921 to 2010, home matches were played at Christie Park. In 2010, the moved to Globe Arena. Football in the dates back to the turn of the 20th century, however. The club then took its place in the Lancashire Combination League for the 1920–21 season. Sharing grounds with the Cricket Club at Wood Hill Lane during the first season, football proved popular, with crowds in excess of 3,000 for derby fixtures with Lancaster City and Fleetwood Town. Although success on the field was hard to come by, with the club languishing near the bottom of the table, at the end of the first season the club moved grounds to Roseberry Park. A few years later after the purchase of the ground by the then-President, Mr. J. B. Christie, the grounds name was changed to Christie Park, in his honour. Mr. Christie bequeathed the ground to the club in 1927, whilst success was only just around the corner, the foundations for the future were being built. The Auxiliary Supporters club had formed and with their help many ground improvements were undertaken. The fourteen years from 1960 could justifiably be said to be Morecambes Golden Era, the next 12 years were as barren as any previous period in the clubs history, with the Grim Reaper never far from the Christie Park door. Attendances fell from a creditable 2,000 plus to a miserable 200 minus, however, in 1985–86, signs of improvement appeared, the clubs league position improved and cup success over the next few years filled the club with optimism. Since elevation to the Conference in season 1995–96, the Shrimps achieved status as one of the teams in the league. In fact, only Woking had an unbroken membership of the league at this time. Runners-up spot was claimed on one occasion and the places were narrowly missed twice. Also during this time, the club also equalled its best appearance in the FA Cup in both 2000–01 and 2002–03, on both occasions the club faced Ipswich Town, losing 3–0 and 4–0 respectively. Morecambe also defeated a few clubs in the FA Cup, including Cambridge United in 2000–01. In the 2005–06 season, Morecambe reached the play-offs, but were beaten 4–3 on aggregate by Hereford United, in November 2005, Jim Harvey suffered a heart attack during a league game at Christie Park against Cambridge United
Substitute (association football)
In association football, a substitute is a player who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player. Substitutions are generally made to replace a player who has become tired or injured, or who is performing poorly, unlike some sports, a player who has been substituted during a match may take no further part in it. Most competitions only allow each team to make a maximum of three substitutions during a game, although more substitutions are permitted in non-competitive fixtures such as friendlies. A fourth substitution in extra time is currently being trialled at several tournaments over a two-year period. Each team nominates a number of players who may be used as substitutes, these players typically sit in the area with the coaches. A player who is noted for making appearances, or scoring important goals. The origin of football substitutes goes back to at least the early 1860s as part of English public school football games, the original use of the term substitute in football was to describe the replacement of players who failed to turn up for matches. The substitution of absent players happened as early as the 1850s, the first use of a substitute in international football was on 15 April 1889, in the match between Wales and Scotland at Wrexham. Waless original goalkeeper, Jim Trainer, failed to arrive, local amateur player Alf Pugh started the match and played for some 20 minutes until the arrival of Sam Gillam, however, the use of substitutes in finals matches was not allowed until the 1970 tournament. The number of substitutes usable in a match has increased from zero to one. Substitutions during matches in the English Football League were first permitted in the 1965–66 season, during the first two seasons after the law was introduced, each side was permitted only one substitution during a game. Moreover, the substitute could only replace an injured player, from the 1967–68 season, this rule was relaxed to allow substitutions for tactical reasons. On the same day, Bobby Knox became the first ever substitute to score a goal when he scored for Barrow against Wrexham. Archie Gemmill of St Mirren was the first substitute to come on in a Scottish first-class match, the first official substitute in a Scottish League match was Paul Conn for Queens Park vs Albion Rovers in a Division 2 match on 24 August 1966. In England, the Premier League increased the number of players on the bench to five in 1996, according to the Laws of the Game, A player may only be substituted during a stoppage in play and with the permission of the referee. The incoming player may enter the field at the half-way line. Failure to comply with these provisions may be punished by a caution, a player that has been substituted may take no further part in a match, except where return substitutions are permitted. Unused substitutes still on the bench, as well as players who have been already substituted and these are liable for misconduct, though cannot be said to have committed a foul
Kevin Eddie Lewis Betsy is a former professional footballer. He is now a coach for The Academy at Fulham and he made one appearance in the top tier of English football but became the first Seychelloise player to play in the Premier League. He then also spent time on loan with Bournemouth, Hull City, Betsy made 94 league appearances, scoring 15 goals in a two-year period with the Tykes before moving to Hartlepool United. His time with Pool was short and he moved on to Oldham Athletic, in 2007 he signed for Bristol City and whilst there spent loan spells with Yeovil Town and Walsall. A year after signing for City he moved on again to Southend United before returning to Wycombe following a loan spell, in 2012 he re-signed for Woking. Despite being born in England, Betsy qualified to represent the Seychelles through his grandparents and he made his debut at Anfield against Liverpool in the League Cup and spent three years at Fulham. Betsys only goal for Fulham came in their victorious 1998–99 Division Two campaign against Millwall and he made five league appearances during Fulhams 2000/01 season after which they were promoted to the Premier League. He made one appearance in the Premiership for Fulham under Jean Tigana in a game against Manchester United at Old Trafford and he had loan spells at Bournemouth and Hull City before Barnsley came in for him in March 2002 for a fee of £200,000. He made over 90 appearances for the club and scored 17 goals and was the top goal scorer in 2002–03 season with 11 goals from midfield. After a short spell at Hartlepool United he signed for Oldham Athletic in September 2004 he scored 5 goals and was a key member of the team which defeated Manchester City in the FA Cup. After turning down Oldhams offer of a new contract, Betsy moved to Wycombe Wanderers in July 2005, Betsy was a regular in the Wycombe team during the 2005–06 season. He was also a goalscorer for the club, most notably with a hat-trick against Mansfield Town in September 2005. Betsy was honoured by his fellow professionals by being named in the Professional Footballerss Association Team Of The Year for League Two, betsys last game for Wycombe was a notable one, the League Cup semi final defeat against the eventual winners Chelsea at Stamford Bridge. In January 2007, it was announced that Betsy had been signed by League One Bristol City for a fee of £200,000 and he was ever present in the city line up helping the Robins gain Promotion to Championship, scoring once in the process against Northampton. Betsy joined Yeovil Town on loan in October 2007 and he returned to Bristol City on 7 November having scored once for Yeovil against Swansea City. On 31 January 2008, Betsy joined Walsall for the rest of the season on loan, on 15 January 2010, after a successful loan, Betsy signed for Wycombe on a permanent basis until the end of the season from Southend. Betsy also led the team in assists with eight, scoring five goals and being voted Wycombe Supporters Player of the year, following which he signed a new two-year deal until 2012. Betsy was a regular in the Wycombe promotion side in 2010–11, but found first team opportunities limited in 2011–12, on 17 February 2012, Betsy re-joined Woking as a free agent until the end of the 2011–12 season
The English Football League Championship is the highest division of the English Football League and second-highest overall in the English football league system, after the Premier League. Each year, the top finishing teams in the Championship are promoted to the Premier League, the Football League Championship, which was introduced for the 2004–05 season, was previously known as the Football League First Division, and before that was known as Division Two. The winners of the Championship receive the Football League Championship trophy, the Championship is the wealthiest non-top flight football division in the world and the seventh richest division in Europe. With an average attendance for the 2015-16 season of 17,578. Bundesliga as the secondary league in the world. In the 2015–16 season, Burnley were the champions, Middlesbrough were the runners up. At present, Ipswich Town hold the longest tenure in the Championship, the total figures were aided somewhat by the presence of 24 clubs, compared to 20 clubs in both Serie A and Ligue 1, and 18 in the Bundesliga. A major factor to the success comes from television revenue. On 30 September 2009, Coca-Cola announced they would end their deal with The Football League at the end of the 2009–10 season. On 18 July 2013, UK bookmaker Sky Bet announced that signed a 5-year agreement to sponsor the league. Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw, the teams are ranked in the league table by points gained, then goal difference, then goals scored and then their head-to-head record for that season. At the end of the season, the top two teams and the winner of the Championship play-offs are promoted to the Premier League and the three teams are relegated to Football League One. The Football League Championship play-offs is a competition for the teams finishing the season in third to sixth place with the winner being promoted to the Premier League. In the play-offs, the team plays against the sixth-placed team. The winners of each semi-final then compete in a match with the prize being promotion to the Premier League. From 2009 to 2012, Sky Sports had the rights to broadcast 65 live matches, the BBC had the rights to show 10 first choice live games for the regular season as well as the rights to show a highlight show. The deal is on a contract and is worth £264m that will mostly be paid by Sky. The deal included 75 live league games, all the matches,15 League Cup ties
It began in the 1983–84 season as the Associate Members Cup, but in 1992, after the lower-division clubs became full members of the Football League, it was renamed the Football League Trophy. The competition replaced the short-lived Football League Group Cup and it was renamed again in 2016, as the EFL Trophy. The competition has been associated with a sponsor since its second edition, currently. The first draws are made in August, then the runs as 16 regional groups. The top two from each group qualify for the stages before the two winners meet in late March or early April in the final at Englands national stadium. The current champions are Coventry City, who beat Oxford United 2-1 in the final to win the competition for the first time, the competition was inaugurated as the Associate Members Cup in the 1983–84 season and followed on from the short-lived Football League Group Cup. The competition was renamed the Football League Trophy in 1992, the competition was renamed again in 2016, becoming the EFL Trophy, coinciding with the Football League rebranding to the English Football League. 64 teams enter from Round One, including all 48 teams from League One and League Two, the competition will now feature 16 regional groups of four teams, with the top two from each group progressing to the knockout stages. In the first year of the tournament, the 48 eligible Third, the first round had 12 knockout ties in each section, and the second had six. In each section the two second-round losers with the narrowest defeats were reprieved, and joined the six clubs in the regional quarter-finals. A major change was introduced for the 1985–86 tournament, with 8 three-team groups being set up in each of the two sections, teams played one home and one away game and the group winners proceeded to the regional knockout stages. This format was tweaked the following season, with two teams qualifying from each group, resulting in a round of 16 knockout stage in each section. For a number of seasons in the early to mid-1990s, the competition ran with only seven three-team groups and this was owing to League reorganisation and the demise of Aldershot and Maidstone United, which resulted in there being fewer than 48 teams in the 3rd and 4th levels. The group phase was abolished for the 1996–97 tournament, instead,8 teams in each received a bye to the second round. The number of Conference entrants was increased to 12 starting in 2002–03, resulting in 14 first-round ties, Conference teams no longer participated from the 2006–07 tournament onward, and the format reverted to 8 first-round teams in each section, with 8 sides gaining byes to the second round. The competition has always been contested by all teams at Levels Three, during the 2016–17 season,16 category 1 Premier League academy/under-21 sides have taken part in the competition. The first final in 1984 was to have played at the then Wembley Stadium. From 2001 to 2007, during the rebuilding of the former Wembley, source, napit. co. uk The record attendance for the final is 80,841, for the 1988 Final match between Wolverhampton Wanderers and Burnley at Wembley
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, however, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces. Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is also done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
Joel John Lynch is a professional footballer who plays for Queens Park Rangers and the Wales national team as a defender. He previously played for Brighton & Hove Albion, Nottingham Forest, though born and raised in England, Lynch chose to represent Wales at international level who he qualifies for though his Barry born father. Lynch came through Brighton & Hove Albions youth set up and was part of a history breaking youth team which saw them reach the quarter-finals of the FA Youth Cup. His reward, along with fellow teammate Joe Gatting, was a place in the squad for the first team saw him make his debut against Southampton on 3 January 2006. In summer 2006, Lynch signed a professional contract with Brighton. Lynch attracted the interest of several Premier League and Championship clubs during his career with Brighton, with Nottingham Forest, after starting the 2008–09 season out of the Brighton first-team, Lynch handed in a written transfer request which was formally rejected by the club. Lynch then handed in a written transfer request during September 2008 and Brighton reluctantly allowed him to join Nottingham Forest on loan. He made only one start and two appearances for Brighton in the 2008–09 season. Lynch made a total of 68 league starts for Brighton and scored a total of two goals, Lynch joined Nottingham Forest on loan in September 2008. After five appearances, the month this loan spell was extended until 28 December. Forest paid the players wages and paid Brighton a fee of £25,000 where he made 23 appearances for Forest. He found himself playing at left full-back, covering for the long absence through injury of Julian Bennett. On 21 July 2009, Lynch was signed permanently by Forest on a contract for a fee of £200,000. As part of this deal, Forest loaned midfielder Matt Thornhill to Brighton for an initial six months. Lynchs first team opportunities at Forest were limited, especially in his position of centre-back as he has been down the pecking order to Wes Morgan, Kelvin Wilson. He has also suffered from injuries, most of his appearances have come from filling in at left full-back. In the 2009–10 season, Lynch made only 11 starts in all competitions and his first appearance in the league didnt come until 20 November 2010 when he was used as an 85th-minute substitute in the sides 2–0 away win over Cardiff City. He made his first league start in a 1–0 away win over Ipswich Town on 3 January 2011 being substituted in the 81st minute and would go on to start Forests next five games
Luke Anthony Freeman is an English professional footballer who plays as a winger for Queens Park Rangers. Freeman started his career at Charlton Athletic, before subsequently joining Gillingham at the age of 11 and he made his first-team debut for Gillingham at the age of 15, becoming the youngest ever player to appear in the FA Cup. In January 2008, Freeman signed for Arsenal, featuring regularly for the clubs under-18, ahead of the 2010–11 season, Freeman signed for Yeovil Town on loan until December 2010. He returned to his parent club when his loan ended, and he was loaned out once again in November 2011, this time to League One team Stevenage on a one-and-a-half month loan deal. Freeman impressed during his time at Stevenage, and signed for the club on a permanent basis in January 2012, after playing 109 times and scoring 15 goals, he signed for Bristol City on 26 June 2014. He helped Bristol City achieve the double in his first season by winning Football League One, Freeman first played for local side White Oak Wanderers in Bexley before representing Gravesham and subsequently being signed by Charlton Athletic. He was released by Charlton and joined Gillingham at the age of 11 and he made his first-team debut for Gillingham in an FA Cup tie against Barnet on 10 November 2007, aged 15 years and 233 days, replacing Efe Sodje as an 80th-minute substitute. Three days after his FA Cup appearance, Freeman appeared in Gillinghams 4–0 home victory against Dagenham & Redbridge in the Football League Trophy and he made his first league appearance on 24 November 2007, appearing as an 82nd-minute substitute as Gillingham held on to beat Hartlepool United 2–1. Freeman subsequently became Gillinghams youngest ever player in the league, at the end of the same month, he had a trial period at West Ham United. Freeman joined Premier League side Arsenal on 30 January 2008, for a fee reported to be in the region of £200,000 and he signed a two-year deal to become part of Arsenals youth set-up on the clubs scholar scheme. On signing Freeman, Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger described the player as a very interesting prospect, Freeman made his first appearance for Arsenals U18 side in a 3–2 defeat against Ipswich Town in the Premier Academy League. In April 2009, Freeman signed professional terms with the club, during the 2009–10 campaign, Freeman scored 16 times in 24 games, including scoring two goals in the Academy League Final, a 5–3 victory over Nottingham Forest. The season also marked Freemans first goal at reserve level against Chelsea in a 2–1 victory on 15 February 2010 and he went on to make 11 appearances for Arsenals second string, most of which came during the latter stages of the season. Ahead of the 2010–11 season, Freeman signed for League One side Yeovil Town on loan until 31 December 2010. He scored on his debut against Leyton Orient on 7 August 2010, scoring the goal in first-half injury time in a 2–1 victory. Freeman appeared regularly for Yeovil during the first half of the 2010–11 season, making 15 appearance, however, his loan spell was ended early due to injury, and Freeman returned to Arsenal in November 2010. After regaining fitness, Freeman remained at Arsenal, continuing to regularly for the reserve side. He signed a new contract with the club in April 2011, Freeman joined League One club Stevenage on 17 November 2011, on loan until 8 January 2012, with an option to extend the deal
Jordan Paul Cousins is an English professional footballer who plays primarily as a midfielder for Queens Park Rangers. Cousins began his career with Charlton Athletic and won the League One Apprentice of the Year award in 2012 and he made his professional debut on 6 August 2013 in a 4–0 win against Oxford United in the League Cup. On 17 August 2013, he scored on his debut in a 2–2 draw against Barnsley. On 4 October 2013, Cousins signed a new contract at the club. On 31 July 2015, Cousins signed a new four-year deal, on 13 July 2016, Cousins joined Queens Park Rangers on a three-year deal. Cousins has been capped by England at Under 16, Under-17 and Under-18 level, in May 2014 he was called up to the Under-20 squad for the first time. Cousins is the cousin of former Arsenal full back Kerrea Gilbert, as of match played 11 February 2017. Jordan Cousins at Soccerbase England profile at theFA
Matthew Robert Matt Ingram is an English professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Championship club Queens Park Rangers. Ingram was born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, whilst still a first-year scholar, was called up to the senior squad for the League Two match against Shrewsbury Town on 25 September 2010, appearing on the substitutes bench. He was also selected for an England goalkeeping training camp in January 2011 - the only representative from a League Two club to be included. A work experience spell with Lewes followed in February 2012, then in May 2012, Ingram signed his first professional deal, Ingram began the 2013-14 season as Wycombes first-choice goalkeeper. In the first competitive match of the season, Ingram kept a clean sheet, Ingram was voted the highest ranked goalkeeper in League 2 in The Football League Awards for the 2014-15 Season. On 22 January 2016, Ingram joined Championship club Queens Park Rangers for an undisclosed fee, Matt Ingram at Soccerbase Matt Ingram at Soccerway
Massimo Corey Luongo is an Australian international football player who plays as a midfielder for English club Queens Park Rangers and the Australian national team. Born in Sydney, Luongo played youth football for APIA Leichhardt Tigers before moving to England to play for Tottenham Hotspur, following a loan spell at Ipswich Town, he played on loan at Swindon Town, a move which was eventually made permanent. He joined current club Queens Park Rangers in 2015, Luongo has played for the Australia national team since 2014 and has made eighteen appearances. He was a member of the squad at the 2014 FIFA World Cup and played a role in Australia winning the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. His father Mario is of Italian heritage and mother Ira Luongo is of Indonesian heritage and he attended Waverley College where he won the championship in 2009. He is the youngest of three children, he has a sister Angela and a brother Tiziano, in addition to holding an Australian passport, Luongo also has an Italian passport. Luongo had his penalty saved by Thomas Sørensen, resulting in the defeat. On 6 February 2012, he was called up to a match for the first time. Thirteen days later he was included in the squad for the last time, on 23 July 2012, Luongo joined Championship side Ipswich Town on a season-long loan for the 2012–13 season. He made his debut on 14 August in the first round of the League Cup, four days later he played his first professional league game, starting in a 1–1 home draw against Blackburn Rovers and making way for Andy Drury after 70 minutes. The loan was terminated on 9 November after new Ipswich manager Mick McCarthy said that he wanted a different type of player, on 28 March 2013, Luongo signed for Swindon Town on loan along with fellow Spurs trainees Nathan Byrne and Dean Parrett. The very next day he went straight into the squad to face Oldham Athletic, on 16 April, Luongo scored his first goal for Swindon in a 4–1 win over Crewe Alexandra, heading in Gary Roberts cross. Swindon eventually lost the tie in a penalty shootout, Luongo signed a season-long loan deal with Swindon Town on 2 July 2013 and was handed the number 4 shirt. However, on 31 August 2013, Swindon signed Luongo on a permanent three-year contract having agreed a fee of £400,000 with Spurs. He scored six goals in 44 league appearances that season, including a first professional brace in a 5–2 home win over Port Vale on 2 November. In the following campaign, he got just as many goals but in 34 matches, on 28 May 2015, Luongo joined Queens Park Rangers, along with Swindon Town teammate Ben Gladwin, both signing a three-year deal for an undisclosed fee reported to be £3.5 million. QPR head coach Chris Ramsey was Luongos youth coach at Tottenham and he made his debut in the first game of the Championship season on 8 August, playing the full 90 minutes of a 2–0 defeat at Charlton Athletic. Luongo played 30 league games in his first season –32 overall – He provided 6 league assists, however, his performances earned him a place on the FIFA Ballon dOr longlist for the 2015 campaign