John F. Forward Sr.
John F. Forward Sr. was an American Republican politician from California. Forward was born 1851 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Elizabeth Forward, his grandfather Walter Forward was U. S. Secretary of the Treasury. In 1866 he continued for seven years, he joined the Pennsylvania Railroad as a fireman. Forward married Ella Dillon November 1874 in Pittsburgh, they had seven children: John F. Forward Jr., mayor, James D. Annie D. Walter L. Joseph C. Frank G. and Charles Hamilton Forward Sr. attorney, partner in Luce Forward law firm in San Diego, grandson Charles H. Forward Jr. of Hanalei Hawaii, great-grandson Charles H. Forward III of Honolulu Hawaii. Forward came to San Diego in 1887. In San Diego he worked in the San Diego County's recorder office for 19 years, from 1892, headed the office for 14 of those years. In 1903 Forward founded Union Title and Trust Company and, after resigning as recorder, directed it for nine years as its president. Forward was mayor of San Diego during 1907–1909, he was elected on an anti-establishment campaign with only 39% of the vote.
Since that time, runoffs have been required. Forward was a prominent citizen, "staunch republican", supported unions as the "salvation of the working man." Forward died 1926 aged 75 in San Diego. Black, Samuel T.. San Diego County California; the S. J. Clark Publishing Company, Chicago. V. 2, pp. 26–27: "John F. Forward Sr." Heilbron, Carl. History of San Diego County. San Diego Press Club. Biography, p. 23. Includes portrait
Edwin M. Capps
Edwin M. Capps was an American Democratic politician from California. Capps was born 1860 in Tennessee, his father was professor of mathematics at East Tennessee University. He grew in Shelbyville and his family moved to Golden, Colorado where he apprenticed as a civil engineer. In 1886 Capps moved to San Diego, he became city engineer of San Diego in 1893 and designed the new city police station and jail in 1911 and the beautiful Spruce Street suspension footbridge in 1912. He was in charge of harbor improvements in 1912, to handle increased traffic anticipated by the completion of the Panama Canal, he came up with the "Capps' Plan" to dredge the harbor, fill the shoreline, erect piers, wharves and warehouses. Capps served twice as mayor, 1899–1901 and 1915–1917, he was San Diego's first Democratic mayor. In 1915 San Diego was suffering from a multi-year drought. In December 1915, Capps and the city council hired a rainmaker, who guaranteed rain and wouldn't charge if it didn't rain, Charley Hatfield.
He achieved success in 1904 in Los Angeles. Hatfield set up shop in Mission Valley by burning noxious fumes to "seed" clouds. However, what happened was a disastrous flood in January 1916 and the city reneged on the contract and refused to pay Hatfield anything. Capps thought. Developing tourist facilities and preserving San Diego's unique environment was the cornerstone of his service as engineer and mayor. Capps was outspoken about his plans; this caused many arguments and he was the talk about town. Capps died 1938 in Los Angeles. We should cater to the entertainment of the tourist, make pleasant and congenial, have public places of resort in the nature of beautiful parks, fine boulevards and drives. Black, Samuel T.. San Diego County California; the S. J. Clark Publishing Company, Chicago. V. 2, pp. 403–404: "Edwin M. Capps" "'Bull Strong, Horse High, Hog Tight:' The Work and Character of Edwin M. Capps", The Journal of San Diego History 30:3 by John C. Brownlee
James E. Wadham
James E. Wadham was an American Democratic politician from California. Wadham was born in 1864 in Macomb, but moved to San Diego, California around 1870, he was a conservative Democratic attorney, defeated. He ran again a few years and served as mayor of San Diego from 1911 to 1913, he was elected with the help of trade unions. Wadham died in San Diego 1930 aged 80; the Industrial Workers of the World were a militant labor union seeking to organize unskilled workers. San Diegans were uneasy because the Mexican Revolution of 1910 had occurred, the border with Mexico was nearby. San Diego, as did many local governments, passed ordinances against any kind of public demonstration. In 1912, Wobblies came to challenge the San Diego ordinances by getting arrested in significant numbers, filling the city jail, but private vigilante groups working in cooperation with the police, took the Wobblies out of town and beat them up. Vincent Saint John, a leader of the Wobblies, sent a telegram to Wadham which stated, "This fight will be continued until free speech is established in San Diego if it takes 20,000 members and 20 years to do so."
That only made the San Diego vigilantes and city and county government dig in their heels and more determined to get rid of the Wobblies at any cost. Anarchists Emma Goldman and Ben Reitman came to town against the advice of mayor Wadham. After they arrived, Wadham went to Reitman and said: You hear that mob, they mean business, they want to get you and Reitman out of the hotel if they have to take you by force. We cannot guarantee anything. If you consent to leave, we will get you safely out of town. Reitman suggested. Wadham replied: We can't do it; these people are in a dangerous mood, your presence makes things worse. Reitman refused protection, Wadham gave up and left. Reitman was kidnapped from his hotel room by the vigilantes, tortured, branded and sent out of town. Goldman fled in the meantime; the San Diego free speech fight diminished. "Chapter Eight: The Wobblies And A Story No One Likes To Remember", The History of San Diego by Richard F. Pourade "The I. W. W. Free Speech Movement San Diego, 1912", The Journal of San Diego History 19:1 by Rosalie Shanks
Peter Barton Wilson is an American politician. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a United States Senator and as the 36th Governor of California. Born in Lake Forest, Wilson graduated from the UC Berkeley School of Law after serving in the United States Marine Corps, he established a legal practice in San Diego and campaigned for Republicans such as Richard Nixon and Barry Goldwater. Wilson won election to the California State Assembly in 1966 and became the Mayor of San Diego in 1971, he held that office until 1983. In the Senate, Wilson supported the Strategic Defense Initiative and the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, while he opposed the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990, he resigned from the Senate after winning the 1990 California gubernatorial election. As governor, he supported energy deregulation and term limits, he was an advocate for California Proposition 187, which established a state-run citizenship screening system with the intention of preventing illegal immigrants from using social services.
He sought the presidential nomination in the 1996 Republican primaries but dropped out of the race. Wilson retired from public office after serving two terms as governor. Since leaving office, he has worked for several businesses and has been affiliated with several other organizations, he is a distinguished visiting fellow at the conservative Hoover Institution. Wilson co-chaired Arnold Schwarzenegger's successful 2003 gubernatorial campaign. Peter Barton Wilson was born on August 23, 1933, in Lake Forest, Illinois, a suburb north of Chicago, his parents were Margaret Wilson. His father sold college fraternity jewelry to work his way through University of Illinois, became a successful advertising executive; the Wilson family settled in Missouri when Pete was in elementary school. He attended the private, non-sectarian preparatory middle school John Burroughs in Ladue, St. Louis Country Day School, an exclusive private high school, where he won an award in his senior year for combined scholarship and citizenship.
In the fall of 1951, Pete Wilson enrolled at Yale University in New Haven, where he received a United States Navy Reserve Officers' Training Corps scholarship, majored in English, earned his Bachelor of Arts degree. In his junior year he elected to join the Marine Corps upon his graduation. After graduating from Yale, Wilson served for three years in the United States Marine Corps as an infantry officer becoming a platoon leader. Upon completion of his Marine Corps service, Wilson earned a Juris Doctor degree from the University of California, Berkeley School of Law. In 1962, while working as an Advance Man for the Republican gubernatorial candidate Richard M. Nixon, Wilson got to know Herb Klein, one of Nixon's top aides. Klein suggested that Wilson might do well in Southern California politics, so in 1963, Wilson moved to San Diego. After passing the bar exam, Wilson began his practice as a criminal defense attorney in San Diego, but he found such work to be low-paying and repugnant, he commented to the Los Angeles Times, "I realized I couldn't be a criminal defense lawyer – because most of the people who do come to you are guilty."
Wilson switched to a more conventional law practice and continued his activity in local politics, working for Barry Goldwater's unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1964. Wilson's liking for politics and managing the day-to-day details of the political process was growing, he put in long hours for the Goldwater campaign, earning the friendship of local Republican boosters so necessary for a political career, in 1966, at the age of thirty-three, he ran for, won a seat in the California State Assembly, succeeding Clair Burgener. Wilson was re-elected to the Assembly in 1968 and 1970, in 1971 was elected mayor of San Diego. Wilson served three terms as Mayor of San Diego, from 1971 to 1983, winning election by a 2:1 margin each time. During his three terms he restructured San Diego City Council, reorganized the planning and civil service commissions, instituted campaign finance reform, promoted the redevelopment of Downtown San Diego, he helped to keep Major League Baseball's Padres in San Diego, helping to persuade local millionaire Ray Kroc to buy the team.
The 1972 Republican National Convention had been scheduled to take place in San Diego in August 1972. However, in May 1972 the Republican National Committee voted to move the convention to Miami because of a scandal involving a donation to the event by ITT Corporation, as well as concerns about the proposed venue and the adequacy of hotel space. Wilson proclaimed the week of the convention to be America's Finest City Week, which became an annual event and gave rise to San Diego's unofficial nickname. In 1972, Wilson recruited Clarence M. Pendleton Jr. to head the Model Cities Program in San Diego. In 1981, US President Ronald Reagan appointed Pendleton to chair the United States Commission on Civil Rights, a position that he held from 1981 until his death in San Diego in 1988. In 1982, Wilson won the Republican primary in California to replace the retiring U. S. Senator S. I. Hayakawa. Wilson's Democratic opponent was the outgoing two-term Governor Jerry Brown. Wilson was known as a fiscal conservative who supported Proposition 13, although Wilson had opposed the measure while mayor of San Diego.
However, Brown ran on his gubernatorial record of building the largest state budget surpluses in California history. Both Wilson and Brown were moderate-to-liberal on social issues, including support for abortion rights; the election was expected to be close
Mayor of San Diego
The Mayor of the City of San Diego is the official head and chief executive officer of the U. S. city of San Diego, California. The mayor has the duty to enforce and execute the laws enacted by the San Diego City Council, the legislative branch; the mayor is limited to two successive terms. There have been 35 individuals. Joshua Bean, elected in 1850, was the first mayor of the city. Edwin M. Capps, who served as mayor in the late 1800s and early 1900s, is the only person who served two non-consecutive terms. From 1852 to 1888, the city was run by a Board of Trustees and there was no elected mayor. However, the president of the board was called mayor as a courtesy. In 2013, mayor Bob Filner resigned under pressure amid multiple allegations of sexual harassment. In so doing, Filner joined several other recent San Diego mayors who resigned due to scandal, including Roger Hedgecock, Dick Murphy and acting mayor Michael Zucchet. City council president Todd Gloria served as interim mayor. Kevin Faulconer was elected to serve the remainder of Filner's term and assumed the office on March 3, 2014.
Faulconer was re-elected for a second term on June 7, 2016. The position of mayor was created when San Diego was first incorporated on March 27, 1850. However, the city went bankrupt only two years after incorporation; as a result of the bankruptcy, the State of California dissolved the government and replaced the mayor and city council with a board of trustees. The mayoral position was re-established with a new charter in 1887; this charter was replaced with a permanent City Charter on May 6, 1889, using the strong mayor form of government. In 1931, a new charter was adopted using a council–manager government with a citywide mayor as leader of the city council. In November 2004, voters approved Proposition F, returning San Diego to the strong mayor form of government on a five-year trial basis; this was made permanent in June 2010 with the passage of Proposition D. The mayor serves as the official head of the City of San Diego for all ceremonial and civil purposes; the mayor has the authority to approve or veto council actions, subject to a two-thirds vote veto overrule.
Under the strong mayor system, the mayor has sole authority to appoint and dismiss the city manager and to direct and control the city manager as permitted by the city charter. The mayor has the authority to dismiss the chief of police or the chief of the fire department subject to a council overrule; the mayor may not vote on these items. On or before January 15, the mayor is obligated to communicate a State of the City address to the city council; the mayor must propose a budget to the city council and for public review no than April 15. The salary of the mayor was set at $100,464 in 2003. In March 2012, the city's Salary Setting Commission proposed that the mayor be paid $235,000, but the city council unanimously rejected the recommendation, instead keeping the salary at the 2003 level. In March 2014, the Salary Setting Commission recommended no pay increase for the mayor or city council. Instead, they recommended exploring future pay increases with additional condition that council members voting for pay increases not be allowed to benefit from the increase.
This recommendation was approved by the city council in a 5–3 vote in favor of the changes. In November 2018, voters passed Measure L which ties future mayoral salaries to those of Superior Court judges. In 2020, pay will increase to about $200,000 per year at current rates; the mayor is elected in citywide election. Elections follow a two-round system; the first round of the election is called the primary election. The top-two candidates from the primary election advance to a runoff election, called the general election. Write-in candidates are only allowed to contest the primary election and are not allowed in the general election; the mayor is elected with a limit of two consecutive terms. The mayor is non-partisan by state law, although most mayoral candidates identify a party preference. If the office of the mayor becomes vacant with one year or less remaining in the term, the city council appoints a person to fill the vacancy. If the vacancy occurs with more than one year remaining, the city council is obligated to call a special election.
The candidate with the majority of the votes in the special election is declared mayor. If no candidate receives a majority, a special run-off must be held between the two candidates with the highest number of votes. While the mayor's office is vacant pending a special election, the president of the city council serves as the interim mayor, with limited powers, until a new mayor is elected. If for any reason a Mayor serves a partial term of two years or more, it will count as one full term; the most recent general election was held in June 2016, incumbent Mayor Kevin Faulconer was re-elected for a second term. Faulconer was elected in a 2014 special election to fill the vacancy left as a result of the resignation of Mayor Bob Filner; as of April 2019, 35 individuals have served as mayor. There have been 36 mayoralties; the longest term was that of Pete Wilson, who served for eleven years over three terms prior to the establishment of successive term limits. The shortest term, not counting interim or acting mayors, was that of George P. Tebbetts, who served for less than two months before the position of mayor was abolished due to the bankruptcy of the city.
Percy J. Benbough is the only mayor to have died in office. Two women have been elected mayor: Maureen O'Connor and Susan Golding
Rutherford B. Irones
Rutherford B. Irones was an American Republican politician from California. Irones was born March 4, 1877 in Oakland, California to John H. Irones, who came to California in 1847. Rutherford Irones graduated from the University of California Medical School and trained as a physician at Vanderbilt Clinics at Roosevelt Hospital in New York, he became a respected physician. He helped out with the San Francisco plague of 1900–1904, he went to La Boca, a neighborhood in the South American city of Buenos Aires, studying yellow fever, visited several hospitals in Asia. Irones married Georgie E. Dow in January, 1906. In 1907 Irones opened an office in San Diego. During World War I, Irones served again as Captain in the medical corps. At the war's end he remained and was food director for the American Relief Administration in Central Europe and Balkan States, he became friends with the crown prince of Yugoslavia. On January 17, 1920 Irones married the Countess von Retz and Sitzgross known as Essy, at Vienna, Austria.
Irones returned to San Diego in 1920, where he was a member of the American Medical Association and local medical societies, the Roman Catholic Church. Irones was a strong anti-prohibitionist and headed the Crusaders' anti-prohibition organization, which fought the 18th Amendment in San Diego and Imperial counties, he campaigned in 1932 for Republican Tallant Tubbs against Democrat William Gibbs McAdoo for Senator. McAdoo, "dry", won. Irones was appointed mayor of San Diego on August 2, 1934 to finish out the term of John Forward, who resigned; the council wanted to appoint Vice Mayor Al Bennett, but he said "I'm disgusted with city politics. I don't want the mayor's appointment." Councilman Charles E. Anderson commented "I was in hope some outstanding citizen...could be persuaded to accept the office, but I guess, impossible." He said. Shortly after his appointment, Irones had his pay as mayor attached to pay a bad debt of $648 plus interest. A month after taking office, he demanded and got a new Lincoln automobile from the city, derisively referred to by the press as the "royal coach".
While driving drunk one evening, Irones crashed his new car injuring the passenger in the other car. Police Chief George M. Sears, appointed by Irones, did nothing. Several months after a newspaper investigation and civil suit by the victim publicized the crime, Irones was arrested, convicted of hit-and-run driving, forced to resign in 1935. Sentenced to six months in jail and one year's probation, he was confined in a cell with 17 others, but released 30 days early for good behavior. After a separate board hearing, Irones kept his medical license. In 1937 his wife Essy, the former Countess, left him, he sued for divorce in 1939. Irones died February 13, 1948 at the United States Veterans Home at Sawtelle, Los Angeles, where he had lived for a year prior to his death, was buried in nearby Los Angeles National Cemetery. Black, Samuel T.. San Diego County California; the S. J. Clark Publishing Company, Chicago. V. 2, pp. 263–264: "Rutherford B. Irones, M. D." Obituary, San Diego Union, February 17, 1948, p. A-3.