Christian Badea is a Romanian-American opera and symphonic conductor. A native of Bucharest, Badea's early training was as a classical violinist in Bucharest and Brussels, he studied conducting at the Juilliard School of Music in New York. After winning the Rupert Conducting Competition in London he is invited by Gian Carlo Menotti to conduct at the Festival Of The Two Worlds at Spoleto and right after he is appointed musical director of the Italian edition of the festival, on in a similar position for the American edition. In the next decade he conducts at Spoleto and at Charleston a series of operas which will establish him a reputation: Menotti's Maria Golovin, The Last Savage and The Saint of Bleecker Street, Shostakovich's Lady Macbeth from Mtsensk and Samuel Barber's Antony and Cleopatra to great acclaim, his recording of Samuel Barber's opera Antony and Cleopatra received a Grammy in 1985. In 1983 he is appointed artistic director of the Columbus Symphony Orchestra, in Ohio. During his nine year tenure here he records two discs with the music of Roger Sessions and Peter Mennin praised by the musical critics.
He debuts with The Metropolitan Opera in New York on tour at Boston in 1986 conducting Tosca with Grace Bumbry. During the next decade, until 1995, Christian Badea performed as conductor for 167 times, in a repertoire including: Tosca, Aida, La traviata, Cavalleria rusticana, Boris Godunov, La bohème, Don Giovanni, La fanciulla del West, Madama Butterfly, Rigoletto. In 1990 he conducted the Metropolitan Gala opening the season with La bohème, the cast including Plácido Domingo and Mirella Freni. At Wiener Staatsoper he performed as a conductor for 19 times between 1992 and 1995 in operas like Tosca, Aida, Le contes d'Hoffmann, Otello and La bohème; the most notable of these was the premiere of Les contes d'Hoffmann in 1993, staged by Andrei Șerban and with a cast including Plácido Domingo, Natalie Dessay, Barbara Frittoli and Bryn Terfel. He is invited to the Royal Opera House of Covent Garden with 32 appearances as conductor in La bohème, Tosca and Turandot, his opera career includes performances at Opéra de Lyon, Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels, Dutch National Opera in Amsterdam, English National Opera, Royal Opera Copenhagen, Royal Opera Stockholm, Opera Australia, Arena di Verona, Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, Budapest State Opera.
In 2006 he starts to conduct in Romania, notably with the George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra at the Romanian Athaeneum, one of the most notable moments being a semi staged concert of Parsifal, in the double role of conductor and stage director. In 2009 he opened the George Enescu Festival in Bucharest with Haga Philharmonic Orchestra; as an orchestral conductor, Badea has performed in concert halls throughout Europe, North America, Asia: Carnegie Hall, Suntory Hall, Salle Pleyel, conducting ensembles like Royal Philharmonic, BBC Symphony, Gothenburg Symphony, Czech Philharmonic, Sankt Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Residentie Orchestra, Amsterdam Philharmonic, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, Orchestre Nationale de Lyon, Accademia di Santa Cecilia Orchestra, RAI Orchestra, Maggio Musicale Orchestra, Gulbenkian Orchestra or Orquesta Nacional de España, among others. Biography at TransArt Artists web site New York Times: A Conductor Who Relishes His'Two World' Commitment Gramophone: Review of Sessions: Orchestral Works Gramophone: Barber's Antony and Cleopatra Review Metropolitan Opera of New York Archive Database
George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra
The George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra is a musical institution located in Bucharest, Romania. Founded in 1868, under the supervision of Eduard Wachman, the Romanian Philharmonic Society had as purpose the creation of a permanent symphonic orchestra in Bucharest. By December of the same year, its first concert took place. After the palace of the Romanian Athenaeum was inaugurated on March 5, 1889, the concerts of the society started to take place in that location, as they do to this day. Wachman, who conducted the first permanent orchestra until 1907, was followed by Dimitrie Dinicu, himself was followed as the principal conductor starting from 1920, by George Georgescu. After World War II, the institution diversified its activity by creating the Academic Choir, a nucleus of soloists, several chamber ensembles. After the death of George Enescu in 1955, the Philharmonic was renamed George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra in his honour; the Orchestra is, by tradition, the first to play at the George Enescu Festival.
The Philharmonic's principal conductors have included Constantin Silvestri, Mircea Basarab, Dumitru Capoianu, Ion Voicu, Mihai Brediceanu, Cristian Mandeal. The general director is Andrei Dimitriu, the art director is Nicolae Licaret. Founded in 2010 the George Enescu Foundation aims to support and integrate Romanian Culture into the international artistic circuit. Romanian Athenaeum George Enescu Philharmonic - Official Website George Enescu Foundation - Official Website
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Valencia València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 1.6 million people. Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million depending on how the metropolitan area is defined. The Port of Valencia is the 5th busiest container port in Europe and the busiest container port on the Mediterranean Sea; the city is ranked at Beta-global city in World Cities Research Network. Valencia is integrated into an industrial area on the Costa del Azahar. Valencia was founded as a Roman colony by the consul Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus in 138 BC, called Valentia Edetanorum. In 714 Moroccan and Arab Moors occupied the city, introducing their language and customs. Valencia was the capital of the Taifa of Valencia.
In 1238 the Christian king James I of Aragon conquered the city and divided the land among the nobles who helped him conquer it, as witnessed in the Llibre del Repartiment. He created a new law for the city, the Furs of Valencia, which were extended to the rest of the Kingdom of Valencia. In the 18th century Philip V of Spain abolished the privileges as punishment to the kingdom of Valencia for aligning with the Habsburg side in the War of the Spanish Succession. Valencia was the capital of Spain when Joseph Bonaparte moved the Court there in the summer of 1812, it served as capital between 1936 and 1937, during the Second Spanish Republic. The city is situated on the banks of the Turia, on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula, fronting the Gulf of Valencia on the Mediterranean Sea, its historic centre is one of the largest in Spain, with 169 ha. Due to its long history, this is a city with numerous popular celebrations and traditions, such as the Fallas, which were declared as Fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain in 1965 and Intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in November 2016.
From 1991 to 2015, Rita Barberá Nolla was the mayor of the city, yet in 2015, Joan Ribó from Coalició Compromís, became mayor. The original Latin name of the city was Valentia, meaning "strength", or "valour", the city being named according to the Roman practice of recognising the valour of former Roman soldiers after a war; the Roman historian Livy explains that the founding of Valentia in the 2nd century BC was due to the settling of the Roman soldiers who fought against an Iberian rebel, Viriatus. During the rule of the Muslim kingdoms in Spain, it had the nickname Medina at-Tarab according to one transliteration, or Medina at-Turab according to another, since it was located on the banks of the River Turia, it is not clear if the term Balansiyya was reserved for the entire Taifa of Valencia or designated the city. By gradual sound changes, Valentia has in Castilian and València in Valencian. In Valencian, the grave accent ⟨è⟩ /ɛ/ contrasts with the acute accent ⟨é⟩ /e/—but the word València is an exception to this rule.
It is spelled according to Catalan etymology. Valencia stands on the banks of the Turia River, located on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia. At its founding by the Romans, it stood on a river island in 6.4 kilometres from the sea. The Albufera, a freshwater lagoon and estuary about 11 km south of the city, is one of the largest lakes in Spain; the City Council bought the lake from the Crown of Spain for 1,072,980 pesetas in 1911, today it forms the main portion of the Parc Natural de l'Albufera, with a surface area of 21,120 hectares. In 1976, because of its cultural and ecological value, the Generalitat Valenciana declared it a natural park. Valencia has a subtropical Mediterranean climate with short mild winters and long and dry summers, its average annual temperature is 18.4 °C. In the coldest month, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 14 to 21 °C, the minimum temperature at night ranges from 5 to 11 °C.
In the warmest month – August, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 28–34 °C, about 22 to 23 °C at night. Similar temperatures to those experienced in the northern part of Europe in summer last about 8 months, from April to November. March is transitional, the temperature exceeds 20 °C, with an average temperature of 19.3 °C during the day and 10.0 °C at night. December and February are the coldest months, with average temperatures around 17 °C during the day and 8 °C at night. Valencia has one of the mildest winters in Europe, owing to its southern location on the Mediterranean Sea and the Foehn phenomenon; the January average is comparable to temperatures expected for May and September in the major cities of northern Europe. Sunshine duration hours are 2,696 per year, from 15
Justus Frantz is a German pianist and television personality. Frantz began playing piano at the age of ten and studied with Eliza Hansen and Wilhelm Kempff at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg under a scholarship from the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes, or German National Scholarship Foundation. In 1967, Frantz and Claus Kanngießer won the second prize at the international music competition of the ARD playing as a cello and piano duo, marking the beginning of his international career, he first played with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Herbert von Karajan in 1970. In 1975, he played in his United States debut concert with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein, who became his lifelong friend. Other conductors with whom he has played include Rudolf Kempe, he founded the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival in 1986 and became a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador in 1989, a post from which he has since retired. He founded the Philharmonia of the Nations in 1995.
From September 2013 Maestro Frantz serves as musical director of Israel Sinfonietta Beer Sheva. He has two sons, Christopher Tainton, whom he had with pianist Carol Tainton, Justus Konstantin Frantz, whom he had with Xenia Dubrowskaja. Frantz plays music from the Classical and Romantic periods by Mozart, he has played many pieces for four hands with Christoph Eschenbach. Festspiele Balver Höhle Official website Biography https://web.archive.org/web/20110719034821/http://archiv.handwerk-special.de/archiv/hw_spec/57_20.htm Interview with Justus Frantz, February 20, 1991
Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra
The Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra — Orquesta Filarmónica de la Ciudad de México — is an orchestra of international rank founded and underwritten by the National Government of Mexico. The home venue is the Ollín Yoliztli Cultural Center in Tlalpan, Mexico City, which opened in 1979; the Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1978 by the National Government of Mexico through an initiative by Carmen Romano, wife of President of Mexico, José López Portillo. The Philharmonic was part of a plan to make fine arts education accessible to youths; the government launched classical music workshops and formed professional orchestras, including the Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra. Fernando Lozano Rodríguez was the founding conductor; the Philharmonic's venue name, ollín yoliztli, means "life force" in Náhuatl. Guest conductors have included Leonard Bernstein, Eduardo Mata, Enrique Diemecke. Guest soloists have included Martha Argerich, Narciso Yepes, Nicanor Zabaleta, Renata Scotto, Birgit Nilsson, Claudio Arrau, Janos Starker, Isaac Stern, Placido Domingo, María Teresa Rodríguez.
Artistic directors are appointed by the Secretary of Culture of Mexico City. Artistic directors 1978–1982: Fernando Lozano Rodríguez 1983–1989: Enrique Bátiz Campbell, made 19 recordings with the Mexico City Philharmonic, as conductor 1990–????: Luis Herrera de la Fuente 1998–????: Jorge Mester Enrique Barrios 2013–2016: José Areán, appointed Artistic Director January 2013 2016–present: Scott Yoo, appointed Artistic Director and Chief Conductor, February 2016Principal guest conductors 2011–2013: José Areán, appointed Principal Guest Director June 2011Assistant conductors 1980–1983: Enrique Diemecke Associate conductors 1998–2002: Carlos Miguel Prieto Musicians 1978–1979: Jerome Ashby, french horn. During his tenure, the Mexico City Philharmonic performed four concerts with tenor Placido Domingo, including recording Lalo Schifrin's world premiere of "Cantos Aztecas". Godoy won the Principal Timpani position with the Corpus Christi Symphony under Mstro. Giordano. In 2011 he became its Artistic Director.
The Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra has made over a hundred recordings, most of which have been the works of Mexican composers. The Philharmonic is reputed to be most prolifically recorded orchestra of music by Mexican composers. In 1981, the Mexico City Philharmonic Orchestra won the Academie du Disque Francais Grand Prize for its recording of "Mexican Ballets" by Blas Galindo, José Pablo Moncayo, Carlos Chávez. Fernando Lozano Rodríguez was the conductor; the jury stated. In 2001, the Mexico City Philharmonic was nominated for "Best Classical Recording" in the inaugural Latin Grammy Awards; the Mexican Union and Theater Critics Philharmonic Mexico City and Music as the best of the year, calling it "The Best Orchestra of Mexico, 2000." Works of De Falla, Desto DC 7216.
JoAnn Falletta is an American conductor. Falletta was raised in the borough of Queens in an Italian-American household, she was educated at The Juilliard School in New York City. She began her musical career as a guitar and mandolin player, in her twenties was called to perform with the Metropolitan Opera and New York Philharmonic when a work called for a mandolin or guitar obbligato. Falletta entered Mannes in 1972 as a guitar student, but began conducting the student orchestra in her freshman year, which initiated her interest in a conducting career. While the Mannes administration at that time expressed doubts about the ability of any woman to gain a music directorship, it consented to an official transfer of emphasis for Falletta. After graduation, she pursued further study at the Juilliard School of Music. Falletta studied conducting with such conductors as Jorge Mester, Sixten Ehrling, Semyon Bychkov, participated in master classes with Leonard Bernstein. Falletta's first permanent engagement was as music director of the Jamaica Symphony Orchestra, a position she held from 1977 to 1989.
She served as music director of the Denver Chamber Orchestra from 1983 to 1992, as associate conductor of the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra from 1985 to 1988. From 1986 to 1996, she served as music director of the Bay Area Women's Philharmonic, she was music director of the Long Beach Symphony Orchestra from 1989 to 2000. In 1991, Falletta was appointed the eleventh music director of the Virginia Symphony Orchestra. In May 2011, she signed the most recent extension of her Virginia contract through the 2015–2016 season. In September 2015, her Virginia Symphony contract was further extended through the 2020-2021 season. In April 2018, in a revision to the prior contract extension, the Virginia Symphony announced that Falletta is to conclude her music directorship of the orchestra in June 2020. In May 1998, Falletta was named music director of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, she formally took up the post with the 1999–2000 season. During her tenure in Buffalo, the orchestra has made recordings for Naxos Records and returned to Carnegie Hall after a 20-year absence.
In 2004, the orchestra and television station WNED established the JoAnn Falletta International Guitar Concerto Competition. She extended her contract with the BPO through the 2020–2021 season. In 2011 she was appointed artistic director of the Hawaii Symphony Orchestra. In 2011, she was appointed the Principal Guest Conductor of the Brevard Music Institute, serving through the 2013 season. Outside of the USA, Falletta first guest-conducted the Ulster Orchestra in August 2010, returned for further concerts in January 2011. In May 2011, Falletta was named the 12th principal conductor of the Ulster Orchestra, effective with the 2011–2012 season, with an initial contract of 3 years, she was the first American and the first female conductor to be appointed the orchestra's principal conductor. She concluded her Ulster Orchestra tenure after the 2013-2014 season, she was the first woman to conduct the orchestra of the National Theatre Mannheim. Falletta served on the National Council on the Arts from 2008 to 2012, following her appointment by President George W. Bush.
In the 1987 Swedish documentary A Woman Is a Risky Bet: Six Orchestra Conductors, directed by Christina Olofson, JoAnn Falletta appears conducting the Queens Philharmonic in Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring in rehearsal and performance. Falletta has recorded over 70 albums for such labels as Naxos, featuring works by Brahms and Schubert, women composers such as Fanny Mendelssohn, Clara Schumann, Lili Boulanger, Germaine Tailleferre, in addition to contemporary composers such as John Corigliano. Falletta married Robert Alemany in 1986. Mr. Alemany is a systems analyst for part-time professional clarinetist. Falletta has won a number of conducting awards, including the Seaver/National Endowment for the Arts Conductors Award in 2002, the Bruno Walter Conducting Award in 1982, First Prize in the Stokowski Competition in 1985, the Toscanini Award in 1986, the Ditson Conductor's Award for the Advancement of American Music in 1998, she has received eleven awards from ASCAP for creative programming, as well as the American Symphony Orchestra League’s John S. Edwards Award.
Falletta has championed the work of several contemporary American composers throughout her career, with an extensive repertoire of new works and over 100 world premieres to her credit. In 2013, Falletta was honored as one of the Library of Virginia's "Virginia Women in History". Official website JoAnn Falletta International Guitar Concerto Competition webpage Columbia Artists Management agency page on Falletta Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra page on Falletta Virginia Symphony Orchestra page on Falletta Archival Materials related to JoAnn Falletta held by Old Dominion University in the Virginia Symphony Orchestra collection Falletta's biography at the Library of Virginia National Endowment for the Arts page on JoAnn Falletta Interview by Phil Oliver, March 1, 2014 Interview by Bruce Duffie, September 23, 1996 Classical Archives Interview