Yuen-Ying Chan is a Hong Kong-based American journalist best known for her role in a 1996 libel suit by a Taiwanese Kuomintang official. A Hong Kong native with American citizenship, Chan received a bachelor's degree in social sciences from the University of Hong Kong and a master's in journalism from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Chan moved to the United States in 1972 to pursue a graduate degree at the University of Michigan, she worked for the New York Daily News. In 1996, Chan collaborated with Shieh Chung-liang, the Taiwan bureau chief of the Hong Kong-based magazine Yazhou Zhoukan to investigate possible Taiwanese contributions to US President Bill Clinton's re-election campaign; the pair wrote an article that appeared on 25 October reporting that Liu Tai-ying, the business manager of Taiwan's Kuomintang political party, had offered $15 million to Mark Middleton, an ex-Clinton White House aide. The article printed a denial from Liu that he had offered the money. Liu went on to file a criminal libel suit against the pair on 7 November.
Chen Chao-ping, a political consultant named as the source of the story, was added as a co-defendant. Liu filed a civil suit for $15 million in damages. Calling the trial "a test case for press freedom in Asia", The Committee to Protect Journalists filed an amicus brief on their behalf, as did ten major US media companies; the Kuomintang called a special meeting to condemn Chan and Shieh. However, a Taiwanese district court ruled in the pair's favour on 22 April 1997; the ruling was "hailed as a landmark decision" for press freedom by media watchdog groups, in part because Judge Lee Wei-shen's decision acknowledged the constitutional right to a free press for the first time in Taiwanese judicial history. In 1999, Chan founded the Journalism and Media Studies Centre in Hong Kong, which offered both graduate and undergraduate degrees in journalism, she established the Cheung Kong School of Journalism and Communication at Shantou University in Guangdong, China. In 2006, she criticised the search engine Google for censoring its Chinese service, calling it "a missed opportunity to help nurture free journalism in the country".
Chan's honours include a 1995 Nieman Fellowship at Harvard University and a George Polk Award for excellence in American journalism. In November 1997, The Committee to Protect Journalists gave Chan and Shieh its International Press Freedom Award, "an annual recognition of courageous journalism"; the award citation stated that " courage sets an example in a region noted for both widespread self-censorship and government intervention in the functioning of the press."In August 2013, the Asian American Journalist Association honoured Chan with a Lifetime Achievement Award, citing her work at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre, HKU, as well as being the founding dean of the School of Journalism and Communications at Shantou University, in China. "Through journalism programs at both universities she is raising a new generation of questioning and fair journalists right on the doorstep of mainland China," the award citation said in part. Chan was a member of the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors from 2003 to 2009.
Brief by US media organisations in support of Chan and Shieh
Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, it is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world. Columbia was established as King's College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain in reaction to the founding of Princeton University in New Jersey, it was renamed Columbia College in 1784 following the Revolutionary War and in 1787 was placed under a private board of trustees headed by former students Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In 1896, the campus was moved from Madison Avenue to its current location in Morningside Heights and renamed Columbia University. Columbia scientists and scholars have played an important role in the development of notable scientific fields and breakthroughs including: brain-computer interface.
The Columbia University Physics Department has been affiliated with 33 Nobel Prize winners as alumni, faculty or research staff, the third most of any American institution behind MIT and Harvard. In addition, 22 Nobel Prize winners in Physiology and Medicine have been affiliated with Columbia, the third most of any American institution; the university's research efforts include the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Goddard Institute for Space Studies and accelerator laboratories with major technology firms such as IBM. Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities and was the first school in the United States to grant the M. D. degree. The university administers the Pulitzer Prize annually. Columbia is organized into twenty schools, including three undergraduate schools and numerous graduate schools, it maintains research centers outside of the United States known as Columbia Global Centers. In 2018, Columbia's undergraduate acceptance rate was 5.1%, making it one of the most selective colleges in the United States, the second most selective in the Ivy League after Harvard.
Columbia is ranked as the 3rd best university in the United States by U. S. News & World Report behind Princeton and Harvard. In athletics, the Lions field varsity teams in 29 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference; the university's endowment stood at $10.9 billion in 2018, among the largest of any academic institution. As of 2018, Columbia's alumni and affiliates include: five Founding Fathers of the United States — among them an author of the United States Constitution and co-author of the Declaration of Independence. S. presidents. Discussions regarding the founding of a college in the Province of New York began as early as 1704, at which time Colonel Lewis Morris wrote to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, the missionary arm of the Church of England, persuading the society that New York City was an ideal community in which to establish a college. However, it was not until the founding of the College of New Jersey across the Hudson River in New Jersey that the City of New York considered founding a college.
In 1746, an act was passed by the general assembly of New York to raise funds for the foundation of a new college. In 1751, the assembly appointed a commission of ten New York residents, seven of whom were members of the Church of England, to direct the funds accrued by the state lottery towards the foundation of a college. Classes were held in July 1754 and were presided over by the college's first president, Dr. Samuel Johnson. Dr. Johnson was the only instructor of the college's first class, which consisted of a mere eight students. Instruction was held in a new schoolhouse adjoining Trinity Church, located on what is now lower Broadway in Manhattan; the college was founded on October 31, 1754, as King's College by royal charter of King George II, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States. In 1763, Dr. Johnson was succeeded in the presidency by Myles Cooper, a graduate of The Queen's College, an ardent Tory. In the charged political climate of the American Revolution, his chief opponent in discussions at the college was an undergraduate of the class of 1777, Alexander Hamilton.
The American Revolutionary War broke out in 1776, was catastrophic for the operation of King's College, which suspended instruction for eight years beginning in 1776 with the arrival of the Continental Army. The suspension continued through the military occupation of New York City by British troops until their departure in 1783; the college's library was looted and its sole building requisitioned for use as a military hospital first by American and British forces. Loyalists were forced to abandon their King's College in New York, seized by the rebels and renamed Columbia College; the Loyalists, led by Bishop Charles Inglis fled to Windsor, Nova Scotia, where the
Yang Jisheng (journalist)
Yang Jisheng is a Chinese journalist and author of Tombstone, a comprehensive account of the Great Chinese Famine during the Great Leap Forward. Yang joined the Communist Party in 1964 and graduated from Tsinghua University in 1966, he promptly joined Xinhua News Agency, where he worked until his retirement in 2001. His loyalty to the party was destroyed by the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre. Although he continued working for the Xinhua News Agency, he spent much of his time researching for Tombstone; as of 2008, he was the deputy editor of the journal Yanhuang Chunqiu in Beijing. Yang Jisheng is listed as a Fellow of China Media Project, a department under Hong Kong University. Beginning in the early 1990s, Yang began interviewing people and collecting records of The Great Famine of 1959–1961, in which his own foster father had died accumulating ten million words of records, he published a two-volume 1,208 page account of the period, in which he meticulously cited his sources to prevent the Chinese government from dismissing it.
It was acclaimed as being the definitive account of the Great Famine. He begins the book, I call this book Tombstone, it is a tombstone for my father who died of hunger in 1959, for the 36 million Chinese who died of hunger, for the system that caused their death, for myself for writing this book. The book is banned in mainland China. In 2012 translations into French and English have been published. Yang was awarded The Stieg Larsson prize 2015 for his'stubborn and courageous work in mapping and describing the consequences' of The Great Leap Forward. Yang was awarded the 2016 Louis M. Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism, selected by the Nieman Fellows at Harvard University. In the award citation, the fellows stated: “Through the determination and commitment required for this project, Mr. Yang demonstrates the qualities of conscience and integrity, he provides inspiration to all who seek to document the truth in the face of influences and regimes that may push against such transparency.”
He was reported to be banned from leaving China to receive the award in a ceremony in Harvard University to be held in March 2016. 2013 Hayek Book Lecture by the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. 2015 Stieg Larsson Prize "for his stubborn and courageous work in mapping and describing the consequences of The Three Years of Great Chinese Famine"2015 Award from the Independent Chinese PEN Center 2016 Louis M. Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism 墓碑 －－中國六十年代大饑荒紀實, Hong Kong: Cosmos Books, 2008, ISBN 978-988-211-909-3. By 2010, it was appearing under the title: 墓碑: 一九五八-一九六二年中國大饑荒紀實. Tombstone: The Untold Story of Mao's Great Famine, Yang Jisheng, Translators: Stacy Mosher, Guo Jian, Publisher: Allen Lane, ISBN 978-184-614-518-6 Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-62 Hungry Ghosts: Mao's Secret Famine Richard McGregor; the man who exposed Mao’s secret famine. The Financial Times. 12 June 2010. Ian Johnson. Finding the Facts About Mao’s Victims.
The New York Review of Books, 20 December 2010
The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal is a U. S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City. The Journal, along with its Asian and European editions, is published six days a week by Dow Jones & Company, a division of News Corp; the newspaper is published in online. The Journal has been printed continuously since its inception on July 8, 1889, by Charles Dow, Edward Jones, Charles Bergstresser; the Wall Street Journal is one of the largest newspapers in the United States by circulation, with a circulation of about 2.475 million copies as of June 2018, compared with USA Today's 1.7 million. The Journal publishes the luxury news and lifestyle magazine WSJ, launched as a quarterly but expanded to 12 issues as of 2014. An online version was launched in 1996, accessible only to subscribers since it began; the newspaper is notable for its award-winning news coverage, has won 37 Pulitzer Prizes. The editorial pages of the Journal are conservative in their position. The"Journal" editorial board has promoted fringe views on the science of climate change, acid rain, ozone depletion, as well as on the health harms of second-hand smoke and asbestos.
The first products of Dow Jones & Company, the publisher of the Journal, were brief news bulletins, nicknamed "flimsies", hand-delivered throughout the day to traders at the stock exchange in the early 1880s. They were aggregated in a printed daily summary called the Customers' Afternoon Letter. Reporters Charles Dow, Edward Jones, Charles Bergstresser converted this into The Wall Street Journal, published for the first time on July 8, 1889, began delivery of the Dow Jones News Service via telegraph. In 1896, The "Dow Jones Industrial Average" was launched, it was the first of several indices of bond prices on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1899, the Journal's Review & Outlook column, which still runs today, appeared for the first time written by Charles Dow. Journalist Clarence Barron purchased control of the company for US$130,000 in 1902. Barron and his predecessors were credited with creating an atmosphere of fearless, independent financial reporting—a novelty in the early days of business journalism.
In 1921, Barron's, the United States's premier financial weekly, was founded. Barron died in 1928, a year before Black Tuesday, the stock market crash that affected the Great Depression in the United States. Barron's descendants, the Bancroft family, would continue to control the company until 2007; the Journal took its modern shape and prominence in the 1940s, a time of industrial expansion for the United States and its financial institutions in New York. Bernard Kilgore was named managing editor of the paper in 1941, company CEO in 1945 compiling a 25-year career as the head of the Journal. Kilgore was the architect of the paper's iconic front-page design, with its "What's News" digest, its national distribution strategy, which brought the paper's circulation from 33,000 in 1941 to 1.1 million at the time of Kilgore's death in 1967. Under Kilgore, in 1947, the paper won its first Pulitzer Prize for William Henry Grimes's editorials. In 1967, Dow Jones Newswires began a major expansion outside of the United States that put journalists in every major financial center in Europe, Latin America and Africa.
In 1970, Dow Jones bought the Ottaway newspaper chain, which at the time comprised nine dailies and three Sunday newspapers. The name was changed to "Dow Jones Local Media Group".1971 to 1997 brought about a series of launches and joint ventures, including "Factiva", The Wall Street Journal Asia, The Wall Street Journal Europe, the WSJ.com website, Dow Jones Indexes, MarketWatch, "WSJ Weekend Edition". In 2007, News Corp. acquired Dow Jones. WSJ. A luxury lifestyle magazine, was launched in 2008. A complement to the print newspaper, The Wall Street Journal Online, was launched in 1996 and has allowed access only by subscription from the beginning. In 2003, Dow Jones began to integrate reporting of the Journal's print and online subscribers together in Audit Bureau of Circulations statements. In 2007, it was believed to be the largest paid-subscription news site on the Web, with 980,000 paid subscribers. Since online subscribership has fallen, due in part to rising subscription costs, was reported at 400,000 in March 2010.
In May 2008, an annual subscription to the online edition of The Wall Street Journal cost $119 for those who do not have subscriptions to the print edition. By June 2013, the monthly cost for a subscription to the online edition was $22.99, or $275.88 annually, excluding introductory offers. On November 30, 2004, Oasys Mobile and The Wall Street Journal released an app that would allow users to access content from the Wall Street Journal Online via their mobile phones. Many of The Wall Street Journal news stories are available through free online newspapers that subscribe to the Dow Jones syndicate. Pulitzer Prize–winning stories from 1995 are available free on the Pulitzer web site. In September 2005, the Journal launched a weekend edition, delivered to all subscribers, which marked a return to Saturday publication after a lapse of some 50 years; the move was designed in part to attract more consumer advertising. In 2005, the Journal reported a readership profile of about 60 percent top management, an average income of $191,000, an average household net worth of $2.1 million, an average age of 55.
In 2007, the Journal launched a worldwide expansion of its website to include major foreign-language editions. The p
Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is the journalism school of Columbia University. It is located in Pulitzer Hall on Columbia's Morningside Heights campus in New York City. Founded in 1912 by Joseph Pulitzer, Columbia Journalism School is the only journalism school in the Ivy League and one of the oldest in the world, it offers four degree programs: 1) master of science. The school houses arguably journalism's most prestigious award, it directly administers several other prizes, including the Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award, honoring excellence in broadcast and digital journalism in the public service. It co-sponsors the National Magazine Awards known as the Ellie Awards, publishes the Columbia Journalism Review, a respected voice on press criticism since 1961. In addition to offering professional development programs and workshops, the school is home to the Tow Center for Digital Journalism, which explores technological changes in journalism, the Brown Institute for Media Innovation, which supports innovation in storytelling in the digital age.
Admission to the school is selective and has traditionally drawn a international student body. A faculty of experienced professionals preeminent in their respective fields, including politics and culture, science, education and economics, investigative reporting, national and international affairs, instruct students. A Board of Visitors meets periodically to advise the dean's office and support the school's initiatives. In 1892, Pulitzer, a Hungarian-born newspaper magnate, offered Columbia University President Seth Low funding to establish the world's first school of journalism, he sought to elevate a profession viewed more as a common trade learned through an apprenticeship. His idea was for a center of enlightened journalism in pursuit of knowledge as well as skills in the service of democracy. "It will impart knowledge - not for its own sake, but to be used for the public service," Pulitzer wrote in a now landmark, lead essay of the May 1904 issue of the North American Review. The university was resistant to the idea.
But Low's successor, Nicholas Murray Butler, was more receptive to the plan. Pulitzer was set on creating his vision at Columbia and offered it a $2 million gift, one-quarter of, to be used to establish prizes in journalism and the arts, it took Pulitzer's death in October 1911 to finalize plans. On September 30, 1912, classes began with 79 undergraduate and postgraduate students, including a dozen women. Veteran journalist Talcott Williams was installed as the school's director; when not attending classes and lectures, students scoured the city for news. Their more advanced classmates were assigned to cover a visit by President William Howard Taft, a sensational police murder trial and a women's suffrage march. A student from China went undercover to report on a downtown cocaine den. A journalism building was constructed the following year at Broadway and 116th Street on the western end of the campus. In 1935, Dean Carl Ackerman, a 1913 alumnus, led the school's transition to become the first graduate school of journalism in the United States.
As the school's reach and reputation spread, due in part to distinguished early scholars who included Douglas Southall Freeman, Walter B. Pitkin and Henry F. Pringle, it began offering coursework in television news and documentary in addition to its focus on newspapers and radio; the Maria Moors Cabot Prizes, the oldest international awards in journalism, were founded in 1938, honoring reporting in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Alfred I. duPont-Columbia Awards for excellence in broadcast journalism was created in 1942. In 1958, the Columbia Journalism Award, the school's highest honor, was established to recognize a person of overarching accomplishment and distinguished service to journalism. Three years the school began publishing the Columbia Journalism Review. In 1966, the school began awarding the National Magazine Awards in association with the American Society of Magazine Editors. Former CBS News president, Fred W. Friendly, was appointed the same year to the tenured faculty and enhanced the broadcast journalism program.
By the 1970s, the Reporting and Writing 1 course had become the cornerstone of the school's basic curriculum. The Knight‐Bagehot Fellowship was created in 1975 to business journalism. In 1985, the Delacorte Center for Magazine Journalism was founded. A doctoral program was established in 2001. In 2005, Nicholas Lemann, two years into his tenure as dean, created a second more specialized master's program leading to a master of arts degree; as a result of industry changes forced by digital media, the school in 2013 erased distinctions between types of media, such as newspaper, broadcast and new media, as specializations in its master of science curriculum. The Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, dedicated to training select students interested in pursuing careers in investigative journalism, opened in 2006. A year the Spencer Fellowship was created to focus on long-form reporting; the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma relocated to Columbia in 2009 to focus on media coverage of trauma and tragedy.
In 2010, the Tow Center for Digital Journalism was created. The Brown Institute for Media Innovation was launched in 2012; the school's ten-month master of science program offers aspiring and experienced journalists the opportunity to study the skills and the ethics of journalism by reporting and writing stories that range from short news pieces to complex
Hu Shuli is the founder and publisher of Caixin Media. She is the professor of the School of Communication and Design at Sun Yat-sen University and the adjunct professor of the School of Journalism and Communication at Renmin University of China; the first issue of Century Weekly under the aegis of Caixin Media was published on January 4, 2010. Ms Hu serves as a member on the Reuters Editorial Advisory Board and a member of the International Media Council of the World Economic Forum, she is a global board member of United Way Worldwide, a member of the Board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group. Hu Shuli was born in Beijing, from a lineage of notable journalists: her grandfather, Hu Zhongchi, was a famous translator and editor at Shen Bao and his older brother Hu Yuzhi, "an early proponent of language reform, the use of Esperanto, realism in literature," was involved in editing and publishing, her mother, Hu Lingsheng, was a senior editor at Workers' Daily. Her father, Cao Qifeng, had a midlevel post in a trade union.
Hu Shuli attended Beijing's prestigious 101 Middle School. The Cultural Revolution brought criticism to her family, she traveled around the country, trying to educate herself as best she could. After two years she joined the People's Liberation Army, when college classes resumed in 1978, she won entrance to the Renmin University of China. From which she graduated in journalism in 1982, she studied development economics as a Knight Journalism Fellow at Stanford University in 1994 and earned an EMBA through Fordham University and the China Center for Economic Research at Peking University in 2002. Before Caijing, she was working as assistant editor and international editor at the Worker's Daily, China's second largest newspaper, she joined China Business Times in 1992 as international editor and became chief reporter in 1995, resigning in 1998 to start Caijing. In addition, Hu served as financial news chief for Phoenix TV in 2001, she is author of several books, including New Financial Time, Reform Bears No Romance and The Scenes Behind American Newspapers.
She has had the distinction of being ranked among BusinessWeek's "The Stars of Asia: 50 Leaders at the forefront of change." In 2006, Hu was called one of the most powerful commentators in China by the Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal cited her among the "Ten Women to Watch" in Asia. She was Knight Journalism Fellow at Stanford in 1994, she was awarded the 2003 International Editor of the Year by the World Press Review, the 2007 Louis Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism by the Nieman Foundation at Harvard University. She was awarded the Missouri Honor Medal for Distinguished Service in Journalism by Missouri School of Journalism in 2012, she was named among "Women in the mix 2013" the year's top 50 for achievement and influence in business by Forbes. The US magazine Foreign Policy named her as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world in May 2008, alongside such names as Noam Chomsky, Umberto Eco, Salman Rushdie, she was the founder of Caijing magazine in 1998.
In November 2009, Hu Shuli resigned from Caijing along with 90 percent of Caijing's journalists a few weeks after the resignation of Daphne Wu Chuanhui and nearly 70 employees from the business department, created the breakthrough new media group, Caixin Media and acted as editor-in-chief, Observing the situation, Diane Vacca at Women's Voices for Change quoted Chinese blogger Hecaitou: "She’s got blood on her blade, her clothing smells of gunpowder.” Hu was named one of the World’s Greatest Leaders by Fortune in 2017. She was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from Princeton University in 2016, she was awarded Ramon Magsaysay Award in 2014 and Missouri Honor Medal for Distinguished Service in Journalism in 2012. She was listed among Top 100 Influential People of 2011 by Time magazine, she was twice named one of Top 100 Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine in 2009 and 2010. The Caixin editorial team under her leadership won the 2011 Shorenstein Journalism Award from Stanford University.
In 2011, she won Taiwan’s Hsing Yun Journalism Award. In 2007, she received the Louis Lyons Award for Conscience and Integrity in Journalism from the Nieman Foundation at Harvard University. In 2006, Ms Hu was called China’s most powerful commentator by the Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal cited her as one of Asia’s Ten Women to Watch. Ms Hu was named International Editor of the Year by the World Press Review in 2003 and one of BusinessWeek magazine’s Fifty Stars of Asia in 2001. Hu Shuli Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America Highlights from Hu Shuli's Speech at HKU,IMC 2010 Hu Shuli at European Communication ConferenceSummit 2012 2014 Ramon Magsaysay Awards Reading of citation for Ms. Hu Shuli, Awardee] Davos 2016 - China's Business Context