Juana Manuel of Castile was Queen consort of Castile from 1369 until 1379. She was the heiress of Escalona, Villena, Peñafiel and Lara, as well as Lady of Biscay, she was the daughter of the Infante Juan Manuel of Castile and his second wife Blanca Núñez de Lara de La Cerda. Her mother Blanca was a descendant of Lara and of Alfonso X's eldest son, she was the last legitimate member of the House of Ivrea. Her father had been for five years a serious enemy of King Alfonso XI, his former protégé, the king wished to neutralize or absorb the might of the Peñafiel family. Although Juana was not the heiress in her youth she had to go along with royal wishes; the king's influential concubine, Leonor de Guzmán, wanted to obtain some high prestige and property to her eldest son and had her eyes on the young Juana. On 27 July 1350 her brother and guardian, Fernando Manuel of Peñafiel, had to marry his young sister to Henry, eldest of the illegitimate sons of Alfonso XI of Castile; this brought Henry certain lands.
However it was that Juana's relatives' heirless deaths made Juana the great heiress she turned out to be, while her husband became threat to the royal power. In 1369, he became King Henry II of Castile, after he deposed and murdered his half-brother to take the throne, they had the following children: King John I of Castile Eleanor Joanna In 1361 she inherited Villena, Escalona and Peñafiel. Because Juana was a maternal granddaughter of La Palomilla, from her another cousin, Isabel de Lara, murdered in 1361 and her young daughter Florentina, she inherited Lara and Biscay. In 1369, she became queen of León; when in 1381 she died and left her inheritance to her son, Biscay was united with Castile, Spain. The Basque people remember her for that
Juana de Ibarbourou
Juana Fernández Morales de Ibarbourou known as Juana de América, was a Uruguayan poet and one of the most popular poets of Spanish America. Her poetry, the earliest of, highly erotic, is notable for her identification of her feelings with nature around her, she was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times. She was born Juana Fernández Morales on March 8, 1892, in Cerro Largo, Uruguay; the date of Juana's birth is given as March 8, 1895, but according to a local state civil registry signed by two witnesses, the year was 1892. Juana began studies at the José Pedro Varela school in 1899 and moved to a religious school the following year, two public schools afterwards. In 1909, at 17 years old, she published a prose piece, "Derechos femeninos", beginning a lifelong career as a prominent feminist, she married Captain Lucas Ibarbourou Trillo in a civil ceremony June 28, 1913, had one child named Julio César Ibarbourou Fernandez. In 1918, Juana moved to Montevideo with her family; as was the custom and Lucas were remarried in a religious ceremony on June 28, 1921 in the Church of Our Lady of Perpetual Aid.
Lucas Ibarbourou died January 13, 1942. Their son Julio became a compulsive gambler and drug addict and Juana spent nearly all of her money having to sell her houses and jewelry, to pay his debts and the costs of his medical care. Juana de Ibarbourou died July 1979 in Montevideo, Uruguay. Juana de Ibarbourou was a feminist and pantheist. Juana de Ibarbourou was an early Latin American feminist. Ibarbourou's feminism is evident in poems such as "La Higuera", in which she describes a fig tree as more beautiful than the straight and blooming trees around it, "Como La Primavera", in which she asserts that authenticity is more attractive than any perfume. In "La Cita", Ibarbourou extols her naked form devoid of traditional ornamentation, comparing her natural features to various material accessories and finding in favor of her unadorned body. Nature imagery and eroticism define a great body of Ibarbourou's poetry. Ibarbourou's depiction of death in her poetry was not consistent throughout her body of work.
In "La Inquietud Fugaz", Ibarbourou portrayed a binary, final death consistent with Western tradition. In "Vida-Garfio" and "Carne Inmortal", Ibarbourou describes her dead body giving rise to plant life, allowing her to live on. In "Rebelde", one of Ibarbourou's most richly constructed poems, Ibarbourou details a confrontation between herself and Charon, the ferryman of the River Styx. Surrounded by wailing souls on the boat passage to the underworld, Ibarbourou defiantly refuses to lament her fate, acting as cheerfully as a sparrow. Although Ibarbourou does not escape her fate, she wins a moral victory against the forces of death. Like most poets, Ibarbourou nursed an intense fear of death. Though it is easy to surmise this from her poetry, she states so explicitly in the first line of "Carne Inmortal." "RECONQUISTA" No sé de donde regresó el anhelo De volver a cantar como en el tiempo en que tenía entre mi puño el cielo Y con una perla azul el pensamiento. De una enlutada nube, la centella, Súbito pez, hendió la noche cálida Y en mí se abrió de nuevo la crisálida Del verso alado y su bruñida estrella.
Ahora ya es el hino centelleante Que alza hasta Dios la ofrenda poderosa De su bruñida lanza de diamante. Unidad de la luz sobre la rosa. Y otra vez la conquista alucinante De la eterna poesía victoriosa. -Montevideo, 1960 Mi pequeño regalo de Pascuas para Nimia Vicens Madrazo, en su espléndido San Juan de Puerto Rico. Afectuosamente. -Juana de Ibarbourou Lenguas de diamante Raiz salvaje La rosa de los vientos Oro y tormenta, biblical themes reflect her preoccupation with suffering and death. Chico Carlo contains her memoirs. Obras Completas. Medal of Public Instruction of Venezuela consecrated "Juana de América" in the Salon of the Lost Steps of the Legislative Palace of Montevideo Gold Medal of Francisco Pizarro Order of the Condor of the Andes Order of the Sun President of the PEN Club of Uruguay Order of the Southern Cross Cross of the Commander of the Grand Humanitarian Prize of Belgium National Academy of Letters Gold Medal from the Ministry of Public Instruction Carlos Manuel Céspedes Order Named "Woman of the Americas" by the American Women's Union of New York Eloy Alfaro Order National Grand Prize for Literature Order of the Quetzal Plaza in La Paz, Bolivia named for Juana de Ibarbourou Branch of the Juana de Ibarbourou Library and House of Culture opened in home town of Melo La Fiesta de los Milagros In Melo, capital city of Cerro Largo Department, there are two museums that display her life: Juana de Ibarbourou's birthplace Regional History Museum Sylvia Puentes de Oyenard.
"Apuntes para una Biobibliografia de Juana de Ibarbourou." Foreword. Obras Escogidas. By Juana de Ibarbourou, ed. Sylvia Puentes de Oyenard. México, D. F.: Editorial Andres Bello, 1998. Juana de Ibarbourou Papers, 1915–1960 are housed in the Department of Special Collections and University Archives at Stanford University Libraries
Juana Rosario Molina is an Argentine singer and actress, based in Buenos Aires. She is known for her distinctive sound, considered an exponent of folktronica, although it has been described as ambient, neofolk, chill-out, psychedelic, indie pop, progressive folk; the daughter of tango singer Horacio Molina and actress Chunchuna Villafañe, she achieved fame as a sketch comedy actress in the 1990s, first as a guest in various shows and in 1991 with her own show, Juana y sus hermanas. At the height of her popularity, she quit her job as an actress to pursue a career in music, her debut album, was subsequently released in 1996, panned by local critics who resented her departure from television. Dejected from the criticism, she moved to Los Angeles, where her music had been better received, she familiarized herself with electronic instruments, she returned to Buenos Aires to produce her second album, incorporating the sonic elements she had learned. Each one of her following albums have added a new complexity to her music, characterized by layered loops of acoustic and electronic sounds.
Despite the initial negative reaction to her music in her home country, music critics have championed Molina's body of work, praising her music and experimentation. In 2013, El País wrote, "she established herself as the star of the avant-garde sound of her country in the world." Writing for The Guardian, Robin Denselow called her the "one-time Queen of Latin chill" and wrote: " has built up a global cult following as one of the most experimental musicians in Argentina." Juana Molina was born to a family of artists in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on October 1, 1961. She is the eldest daughter of Horacio Molina, a tango singer, Chunchuna Villafañe, an actress and model, she has a younger sister who has worked as an actress and musician. The family lived in the central Buenos Aires barrio of Caballito, her mother was a record collector. She began to learn to play the guitar at age 5. In 1967, Juana recorded her first song with her father, "Te regalo esta canción", as a gift to her mother for Mother's Day.
Horacio Molina released the song as a single —without her young daughter knowing—which sold 45 thousand copies. She performed the song live with her father on national television. In 1976, the family left for Paris, due to the military dictatorship that overthrew president Isabel Martínez de Perón. While in Paris, she listened to. In various interviews, Molina has recalled a visit to a Spanish hippie family friend who introduced her to Indian classical music, whose drones have had an enduring influence on her music. In 1981, Molina returned to Buenos Aires. To finance her architecture studies, she had various small jobs, including an unsuccessful experience as a backing vocalist in small bands; as she could not make a living through music, Molina decided to find a job that paid well and did not consume much time. She decided on a career in television as the means to this end, spent some months looking for a show that could use her services, she was offered a contract the same day. Molina began her television career in 1988 with the ATC show La noticia rebelde, where she would record one day a week and get paid for five.
Her popular sketches parodied porteño women of various social classes. In October of the same year, Molina joined the cast of El mundo de Antonio Gasalla, led by comedy actor Antonio Gasalla; the show, which ran until 1990, further cemented her popularity as a sketch comedy actress and writer. The show was performed live at the Teatro Gran Rex and in Mar del Plata; the pinnacle of her success came with her own show, Juana y sus hermanas, which premiered in 1991. Molina became Argentina's most popular comedian, having her show syndicated to other Latin American countries. Molina was dubbed "the new Niní Marshall" by the press, won two Martín Fierro Awards. A compilation album of songs by Molina featured in the show was released. In 1993 Molina became pregnant with her only child and had to suspend her show. Reflecting on her rapid rise to stardom and distance from the music career she had always wanted, the actress decided to cancel the show in 1994, she recalls: "There was a moment when I imagined myself watching MTV as a decrepit old woman, thinking'I could have done that.'
I pictured myself feeling an infinite grudge, envy."Produced by Gustavo Santaolalla and recorded in 1995, Molina's debut album, was released in 1996. The album was poorly marketed. Live shows were problematic, as audiences expected her to act like on television; the album was better received in Los Angeles, United States, where Molina settled in 1998. Having learned how to record her music, she began to self-produce new material at the request of DreamWorks Records. Although the company did not sign her, these recordings would become Segundo, her second studio album. By 2000, she had finished recording the album and, back in Buenos Aires, she met Daniel Melero, who mixed the record; the music of Segundo was the result of Molina's new insights in timbre and her meeting with Alejandro Franov, who taught her "the endless sound possibilities that keyboards allow." Despite remaining unknown
Juana Rosa Aguirre
Juana Rosa Aguirre Luco was First Lady of Chile and the wife of President Pedro Aguirre Cerda, her cousin. She was the daughter of the popular doctor José Joaquín Aguirre Campos and his second wife Mercedes Luco Gutiérrez, she and Pedro Aguirre Cerda were married in 1916. She became the First Lady of Chile in 1938, she was committed to education, was popular with the public, was a supporter of women's participation in politics in Chile. After the death of her husband from tuberculosis in 1941, she established in his memory the Pedro Aguirre Cerda Children's Home Foundation to care for abandoned children
Jane (given name)
Jane is a feminine given name. It is the English form of the Old French name Jehanne, an old feminine form of the male name Johannes or Ioannes, a Latin form of the Greek name Ἰωάννης, derived from the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן, a short form of the name יְהוֹחָנָן, meaning "Yahweh is merciful"; the name was first used in large numbers in the mid-16th century for the daughters of aristocrats as an alternative to the more commonplace Joan. The two names have alternated popularity. In the early 19th century, Jane was again seen as a name with a certain amount of glamour. Joan became more popular in the early to mid-20th century, when it was ranked in the top 500 most popular names given to girls in the United States, but the name has again been displaced by Jane on the popularity charts in the 21st century. Jhane Barnes, fashion designer Jane Burden, pre-Raphaelite model and muse, known for her beauty Jane Antonia Cornish, British Contemporary classical music composer Jane Dyer, children's book illustrator Jane Frank, American artist Jane Kelly and journalist Jane Andrews, murderer of Tom Cressman Calamity Jane, U.
S. frontierswoman Jane Addams, American Nobel Peace Prize-winning social worker and co-founder of Hull House Jane Digby, English adventurer Jane Horney, Swedish spy during WWII Jane Roe, alias of Norma Leah McCorvey, plaintiff in the landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade Supreme Court case that legalized abortion in the United States Jane Austen, British novelist, known for Emma and Pride and Prejudice Jane Louise Curry, American writer Jane Lindskold, American author Jane Taylor, English poet and novelist Jane Wilde Hawking, ex-wife of Stephen Hawking Jane Yolen, American author Jane Hamilton, American author Jane Eaton Hamilton, Canadian author Jane Elliott, American civil rights activist, known for "Blue eyes–Brown eyes" exercise. Jane Grant American journalist Jane Hill, British newsreader Jane Kramer, American journalist Jane Pauley, American television journalist Jane Pratt, American magazine editor and publisher Jane Harman, member of the United States House of Representatives, representing California's 36th congressional district Jane Hill, Australian politician Jane Elizabeth Faulding, British Protestant Christian missionary Jane Frances de Chantal, French saint Jane Loeau, Hawaiian noble lady Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England known as "Jane of England" Jane Seymour and wife of King Henry VIII of England Jane Spencer, Baroness Churchill Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford Jane Wharton, 7th Baroness Wharton Jane Fellowes, Baroness Fellowes Jane Lane, Lady Fisher, played a heroic role in the escape of Charles II in 1651 Jane Colden, American botanist Jane Forer Gentleman and Canadian statistician Jane Goodall, English primatologist, known for studying chimpanzees and founder of the Jane Goodall Institute Jane Hutton, British statistician Jane McGrath, co-founder of the McGrath Foundation Jane Burley, Scottish field hockey midfielder Jane Cederqvist, Swedish female swimmer Jane Frederick, American heptathlete Jane Haist, Canadian discus thrower and shot putter Jane Joseph, Trinidadian cricketer Jane Katz, American Olympic swimmer Jane Patterson, Canadian judoka Jane Salumäe, Estonian long-distance runner Jayne Torvill, British ice-dancer and 1984 Olympic gold medalist with partner Christopher Dean Jane Doe or Jane Roe is used in American law as a placeholder name for anonymous or unknown female participants in legal proceedings.
"Jane Roe" was the legal pseudonym used by Norma McCorvey when she was plaintiff in the landmark American case Roe v. Wade. Jane Doe is used in United States police investigations when the identity of a female victim is unknown or incorrect, by hospitals to refer to a female corpse or patient whose identity is unknown. Jane Doe, on the animated series Camp Lazlo Jane Jetson, from the animated series The Jetsons Jane Lane, on the television show Daria Jane Dickey, on the short-lived series Welcome to Eltingville Jane Foster, a Marvel Comics character Painkiller Jane, a comic book character that spawned a made-for-TV movie and a TV series Jane Crocker, a character in the webcomic Homestuck by Andrew Hussie Dick and Jane, characters by Zerna Sharp Jane, an entity resembling modern conceptions of AI, from the Ender's Game series Jane, in Jane and the Dragon franchise Jane, any of three characters in The P. L. A. I. N. Janes, 2007 comic & sequels, by Cecil Castellucci Jane, Wendy Darling's daughter from J.
M. Barrie's Peter Pan mythos. Jane Lambert, a character in the book series School 101 Miss Marple, an amateur detective created by Agatha Christie Jane Porter, the sweetheart of Tarzan Jane, a member of
Juana Briones de Miranda
Juana Briones y Tapia de Miranda was a pioneering resident of San Francisco, California who made a name for herself in multiple arenas of activity. Early maps of Yerba Buena, the first settlement outside the Presidio and Mission of San Francisco, include an area labeled Playa de Juana Briones, she is commemorated by an historical plaque in San Francisco's Washington Square. Juana Briones was born at Villa Branciforte near the Santa Cruz Mission, she was considered i.e. of mixed Spanish and African descent. Some of her family members had arrived in Alta California with the Gaspar de Portolà and the Juan Bautista de Anza expeditions, her father was Marcos Briones, a soldier posted near Monterey, who moved to the San Francisco Presidio. In 1820 Juana married a soldier, Apolinario Miranda, she bore eleven children between 1821 and 1841, eight of whom lived to adulthood, they adopted an orphaned Indian girl. After establishing a farm near the Presidio of San Francisco, she bought land and built a house at Yerba Buena, the area of San Francisco today known as North Beach.
A natural entrepreneur, she marketed her milk and produce to the sailors from whaling ships or those who arrived in port for the hide and tallow trade. Briones excelled not only in business and farming: her reputation for hospitality and skills in herbal medicine and midwifery were recognized, she trained her nephew, Pablo Briones—who was known as the Doctor of Bolinas —in medicinal arts, although she never received a formal education and could not read or write. In 1844 Juana, who had more than one home, gained a clerical separation from her physically abusive alcoholic husband and dropped his surname; that same year, she bought from two Native Californians the 4,400-acre Rancho La Purísima Concepción in Santa Clara County, an area overlapping present-day Palo Alto and Los Altos Hills. From the late 1850s through the 1860s she had to fight to retain the title to her land in both San Francisco and Santa Clara counties but succeeded with the help of attorney Henry Wager Halleck, she sold part of the rancho to members of the Murphy family, who came to California with the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party.
Other sections she gave to some of her children. A portion of her rancho home remained until 2011 in the foothills above Palo Alto, California at 4155 Old Adobe Road, two blocks west of the intersection of Arastradero Road and Foothill Expressway. Although most of the house dated from the early twentieth century, two walls in the oldest corner of the home exhibited the original rancho home's construction; these walls were significant, as they preserved a rare construction method: infilling a crib of horizontal redwood boards with adobe. This technique provided her dwelling with the excellent insulating characteristics of Adobe while protecting that building material from erosion problems during the rainy season, destruction by earthquake, two problems with traditional adobe construction. Other than the unusual method of using materials, the original home exhibited the familiar layout of the traditional adobe: a strip of connected rooms with an external corridor. After a long legal battle with preservationists, the house was demolished in June 2011.
A section of the original wall was restored and moved to the California Historical Society, San Francisco, which opened an exhibition about Juana Briones in January 2014: "Juana Briones y Su California: Pionera, Curandera," presented in partnership with Stanford University, the Bancroft Library and the Presidio Trust. She died on 3 December 1889 in nearby Mayfield, she left the remaining portions of her rancho to her children, who bore their father’s name, Miranda. Her memory is preserved in the area in Juana Briones Elementary School, Juana Briones Park, several street names incorporating either Miranda or first names of her children. Juana Briones, like many early Hispanic women of California, has been overlooked by traditional histories, but she was mentioned in the following sources: Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California J. N. Bowman, “Juana Briones de Miranda,” Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, September, 1957. Florence M. Fava, Los Altos HillsIn recent years she has received increased attention.
The University of Arizona Press published Juana Briones of Nineteenth-Century California by Jeanne Farr McDonnell in 2008. Stanford University classes in "Public History and Public Service" in 2006 and 2009, taught by Carol McKibben, conducted research on Briones and her Palo Alto house which led to an exhibit in the Green Library in 2010 and a Juana Briones Archive within the library's Special Collections. Stanford history professor Albert Camarillo has done additional research on Briones and served as guest curator of the 2014 exhibition at the California Historical Society. Juana Briones of Nineteenth-Century California book Friends of the Juana Briones House Palo Alto Stanford Heritage 2014 exhibition Los Altos History Museum Juana Briones - San Francisco Museum and Historical Society
Juana Manuela Gorriti
Juana Manuela Gorriti was an Argentine writer with extensive political and literary links to Bolivia and Peru. Juana Manuela Gorriti was born in Salta near the Bolivian border, she came from a wealthy upper-class family, attended a convent school when she was eight. Her father, José Ignacio de Gorriti, was a politician and soldier, signed the Argentine Declaration of Independence on July 9, she was the niece of the infamous guerrilla Jose Francisco "Pachi" Gorriti. Her family was liberal, supported the Unitarians during a time when Juan Manuel de Rosas ran the country. Juan Manuel was a conservative, in office from 1829 and 1852, used genocide to steal land from the indigenous people. In 1831, when Gorriti was thirteen, the federal caudillo Facundo Quiroga forced Gorriti and much of her family into exile, so they emigrated to Tarija, Bolivia; this is. Manuel Isidro Belzu was a captain in the Bolivian Army at the time, they married when she was fifteen, she bore three daughters. As his career advanced, their marriage suffered, he abandoned her in 1842 after nine years together.
He went on to become president in 1848, was assassinated in office to be replaced by Mariano Melgarejo. It was rumored, though unconfirmed, that Mariano himself shot Belzu during a fake embrace in order take over as President though he acted as a dictator. Gorriti did not receive the divorce papers until fourteen years during the shelling on Lima's port by the Spanish Navy in 1866. Separated, but not divorced, she left Bolivia for Peru, she started teaching, founded a school. In Lima, a coastal city where she lived, Gorriti arose as an influential journalist, started to host tertulias. Fashionable men and women of a well-educated background would attend these salons, such as Ricardo Palma and Manuel González Prada, Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera, Clorinda Matto de Turner and Teresa González de Fanning, they would meet to discuss literature and progress, a theme Gorriti felt passionate about, would include in much of her literature. Gorriti was a feminist, it showed in many of her journals. Through her writings, she instructed and inspired women to take on the modern gender roles which were so common in Europe and North America.
She wanted women to stand up and be heard, to educate themselves, not be afraid to go against the norm. In 1866, the Spanish Navy shelled ports on Peru's and Chile's coastlines, including the port of Lima. Gorriti served as a battlefield nurse, she risked her life evacuating the wounded when the Spanish surrendered at Callao. For her heroism, Florence Nightingale-like actions, Gorriti was seen as a Peruvian freedom fighter, was awarded the Second Star of May by the Peruvian government, she wrote about these events in numerous articles and short stories collected and published in the Album of Lima founded by herself and her friend and fellow writer Carolina Freyre de Jaimes. Gorriti founded the newspaper The Dawn of Lima with fellow poet Numa Pompilio Yona. In 1878, Gorriti returned to Argentina, after having faced numerous scandals in her life such as divorce and Belzu having a child out of wedlock, she was still seen as an exceptional woman who brought great pride to her country, her daughter Mercedes became sick in Peru in 1879, but Gorriti could not go to her because of the war between Chile and Peru over the provinces of Tanca and Arica.
Mercedes died that year. Gorriti founded the newspaper The Argentina Dawn, where she published many articles on the rights and education of women; when she died, Argentines hailed her as a famous, influential journalist in her day. Gorriti wrote a number of novels and short stories, including La hija del mazorquero and El lucero de manantial. Both of these stories are melodramatic tales with a strong anti-Rosista political message, she wrote a number of other novels and short stories. Among these is another melodramatic novel, La oasis de la vida written in the 1880s as an advertisement for the insurance company "La Buenos Aires": the plot is the standard "poor orphan boy can't marry his true love", but all is resolved when he discovers his parents had a life insurance policy with the company, so he isn't quite so poor after all; this novel was indicative of the new, more expansive literary climate in Argentina at the time. Of interest, but not noted, was her on-again, off-again, three-year stay in Lima where she served as a mentor for a whole generation of women writers.
This resulted in her publication of a short but influential novel La Quena in the prestigious newspaper El Comercio. As Peruvian politics began to stabilize she contributed to the institutionalization of Peruvian literature by collaborating in the Revista de Lima with stories like El Angel Caido, Si haces mal no esperes bien and others. By organizing and hosting her tertulias, she provided a great opportunity for many female writers like Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera, Clorinda Matto de Turner and Teresa González de Fanning to come together and discuss literature and the progress of women. Many of the attendees would go on to write more about these subjects, including Teresa González de Fanning, who founded an enlightened women's movement. Although not as well known as she should be, Juana Manuela Gorriti is an author not to be overlooked, her stories are finely crafted, not only bear witness to trends in South American literature of the 19th century, but are enjoyable reading in their own right.
Chasteen, John Charles. Born in Blood and Fire. 2nd ed. London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006. Berg, Mary. "Juana Manuela Gorriti: narradora