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Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces

In the United Kingdom, the Judge Advocate General and Judge Martial of all the Forces is a judge responsible for the court-martial process within the Royal Navy, British Army and Royal Air Force. As such the post has existed since 2008. A Judge Martial is recorded as serving under the Earl of Leicester in the Netherlands in 1587-88. There were Judge Advocates on both sides during the English Civil War and following the Restoration the office of Judge Advocate of the Army was established on a permanent basis in 1666. Since 1682 the Judge Advocate General has been appointed by letters patent of the sovereign. After 1892 the role of Judge Advocate General became a judicial rather than a ministerial office; the Judge Advocate General has been entitled to appoint deputies since 1682. The Judge Advocate General is Head of the Service Justice System; the Judge Advocate General is the senior judge advocate and is the overall lead for the jurisdiction. The Judge Advocate General is assisted by a team of judges who comprise the permanent judiciary, plus a small staff of civil servants.

There is a total of seven judges, comprising one Vice-Judge Advocate General, six Assistant Judge Advocates General, all of whom must be barristers or advocates of seven years standing. As Judge Advocates they preside over all proceedings in the Service courts, which comprise the Court Martial, the Summary Appeal Court, the Service Civilian Court; the judges control the practice and procedure, give rulings on legal matters, sum up the evidence for the jury. Defendants are entitled to a defending counsel or solicitor, their unit may provide an Accused's Assisting Officer if they so wish; the Judge Advocate General has all higher authority to all units in the Armed Forces such as Intelligence and combat units. The Judge Advocate General's office holds cases deposited the originals of all Records of Proceedings, which are kept for at least six years; the Judge Advocate General had responsibility for prosecuting cases as well as for summoning and supervising the court. In 1923 moves were made to separate responsibility for prosecutions from the judicial responsibilities of the Judge Advocate General's office.

In the 1990s significant changes to the courts-martial system were instigated following European Court of Human Rights judgments. The Judge Advocate General was the legal adviser of the Armed Forces, a role that ended in 2000. In both naval and military cases, all proceedings in the Military Courts of the United Kingdom are held under his or her authority; the Royal Navy, the British Army and the Royal Air Force had separate court martial arrangements, but all three Services have operated under a single system of service law since November 2009. The former practice of reviewing the findings and sentences of all trials of the old courts-martial was abolished in October 2009. Now the outcome of each trial in the Court Martial is final, subject to appeal to the Court Martial Appeal Court; the Judge Advocate General has power to refer a case to the Court Martial Appeal Court if it gives rise to an important point of law. The post is regulated by the Courts-Martial Act 1951; the appointment is made by the British Sovereign on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor.

The Judge Advocate General had to be a barrister, advocate, or solicitor with higher rights of audience, of 10 years' standing. As of 21 July 2008 the experience needed to qualify was reduced in line with a general move to broaden diversity in the judiciary. An appointee who has practised in England and Wales now has to satisfy the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 7-year basis, while a practitioner from Scotland or Northern Ireland will need 7-years' standing as barrister, advocate or solicitor; the post is always held by a civilian rather than a commissioned officer, however an appointee may have been a member of the armed forces. In practice the post is held by a Senior Circuit Judge; the Judge Advocate General can be appointed from the Vice Judge Advocate General or Assistant Judge Advocates General. Through 1847, the dates are those of actual entrance upon office, not of the appointment, a few days earlier. After 1847 the dates are those of the Gazette notices of the appointment.

Includes material from: Haydn's Book of Dignities, 12th ed. Judge Advocate General Judge Advocate of the Fleet Judge Advocate General's Corps Judge Advocate General "Judge-Advocate-General". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15. 1911. P. 538. The Judge Advocate General Military Jurisdiction - the Judge Advocate General Military Court Service

Madeleine Brand

Madeleine Brand is an American broadcast journalist and radio personality. Brand is the host of the news and culture show Press Play, on KCRW-FM, one of Los Angeles' two National Public Radio affiliates; the show made its debut in January 2014. Brand broadcasts from the basement of the cafeteria of Santa Monica College. A Los Angeles native, Brand grew up in the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay area. Brand attended the University of California, beginning her radio career on college radio station KALX. A. in English, with honors, in 1988. She received a master's degree from the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, where she returned to teach documentary radio. Brand reported and anchored for NPR for thirteen years at various affiliates across the country: KQED, San Francisco, she served as West Coast correspondent and occasional substitute host for Morning Edition and All Things Considered. In 2006, she began co-hosting the radio newsmagazine program Day to Day with Alex Chadwick, which broadcast from NPR West studios in Los Angeles.

In 2010, Brand became host of the new daily Southern California Public Radio program The Madeleine Brand Show, on the public radio station KPCC, which aired between 9 a.m. and 11 a.m. Pacific time; the show broadcast from the Mohn Broadcast Center in Pasadena. The show was popular for its first 23 months, was the station's most-listened-to in-house program, won a number of radio journalism awards. However, the show came to an "abrupt end" after KPCC paired Brand with longtime ESPN sports reporter A Martínez in an attempt to attract more Latino listeners and fulfill the requirements of a $6 million Corporation for Public Broadcasting grant; the pairing of the two hosts, under the name Brand & Martínez, debuted August 13, 2012, but lasted just four weeks and was a failure, in part because the two had met only twice before the program began. Brand was replaced by Alex Cohen. Following her time at NPR, Brand was at the Los Angeles public television station KCET as a special contributor to the fifth season of SoCal Connected, hosted by Val Zavala.

In the summer of 2013, Brand substituted for longtime broadcaster Warren Olney IV on his show To the Point on KPCC's rival, KCRW. In September 2013, Brand moved to KCRW and began to develop Press Play, which debuted in January 2014, becoming the first new daily program on KCRW since 2001. Press Play competes against Larry Mantle's AirTalk on KPCC. KCRW.org: "Press Play with Madeleine Brand" — current LA news + culture broadcast—podcast. NPR.org: KCRW's Press Play with Madeleine Brand — NPR podcasts links. Twitter.com: Madeleine Brand Facebook.com: KCRW Press Play - Home LA Times.com: "Madeleine Brand returns to radio with'Press Play' debut on KCRW" Los Angeles Magazine.com: "Making Radio Waves: The Surprisingly Messy End to KPCC's The Madeleine Brand Show" NPR.org: "Madeleine Brand Joins Alex Chadwick as Host of Day to Day, the NPR Midday Newsmagazine." Notebook on Cities and Culture.org: An interview with Madeleine Brand

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Boston, Massachusetts)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church is a historic church complex at 73 Columbia Road in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts; the complex consists of three buildings: a chapel and parish hall. All three were built between 1904 and 1909, with the last significant alteration to the exterior of the church occurring in 1916. All three buildings were designed by Edmund O. Sylvester, present a unified architectural statement of Craftsman styling with some English Gothic detailing; the church complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. The congregation was established as a mission in 1887 after fire destroyed the St. Mary's Church on Bowdoin Street on June 15, a portion of its congregation began to meet in the Grove Hall area of Dorchester. St. Mary's Mission carried on until October 31, 1897. An independent mission was organized a week which adopted the name "St. Mark's" on March 13, 1898, which acquired land on Columbia Road to build a church in early October; the cornerstone for the new church was laid April 25, 1904, the first service held on September 18.

The congregation was formally incorporated as a parish on January 15, 1906. The Rev. Henry Martyn Saville - Minister-in-Charge, 1898-1906 The Rev. Henry Martyn Saville - Rector, 1906-1907 The Rev. Frank Dorr Budlong - Rector, 1907-1918 The Rev. Robert Eliot Marshall - Rector, 1930-???? The Rev. Burdette Landsdowne - Rector, 1944-???? The Rev. R. J. Carlson - Rector, 1957-???? The Rev. Dr. Thomas W. O. Mayers - Rector, 1991-2008 The Rev. Cathy H. George - Priest-in-Charge, 2008-2011 The Rev. Dr. James K. Githitu - Rector, 2011-2016 National Register of Historic Places listings in southern Boston, Massachusetts Episcopal Church Episcopal Church page on the church