Rachel River is a 1987 comedy-drama film about a young journalist who returns to her Minnesota hometown to reexamine her life. The film was directed by Sandy Smolan, stars Pamela Reed, Ailene Cole, Don Cosgrove, Craig T. Nelson. Rachel River on IMDb Rachel River at Rotten Tomatoes Rachel River at Box Office Mojo
Royal Oak, Michigan
Royal Oak is a city in Oakland County in the U. S. state of Michigan. It is a suburb of Detroit; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 57,236. It is the 8th-largest municipality in Oakland County and the 27th-largest municipality in Michigan by population. Early Europeans in this area near Fort Detroit in the 18th century were French Canadians. After defeating France in the Seven Years' War, Great Britain took control of their territory east of the Mississippi River, including Fort Detroit and environs. After the American Revolutionary War, Britain promoted development of what was called Upper Canada and Province of Quebec, across the Detroit and St. Clair rivers to the south and east. Royal Oak was not incorporated as a village until 1891, as a city in 1921, it was named in 1819, during one of the surveying expeditions led by Territorial Governor Lewis Cass. A large oak tree at this small settlement reminded Cass of the story of the Royal Oak, where King Charles II of England was said to have hid to escape capture by the Roundheads after the Battle of Worcester.
Cass named the settlement after that, several years after the United States had fought Great Britain across the northern border in the War of 1812. Royal Oak developed as a suburb of Detroit in the early 20th century, following Detroit's booming growth as a result of industrialization and its auto industry; the Royal Oak Farmers Market opened as a truck market, at the corner of 4th and Troy streets, on October 14, 1925 as a cooperative venture between the then-new City of Royal Oak and Oakland County, Michigan. There were still numerous farmers in the county; the present structure, at the corner of 11 Mile Road and Troy Street, is adjacent to the 44th District Court. It was dedicated July 1 of that year. In the 1920s, Father Charles Coughlin, a Canadian Catholic priest who relocated to Detroit, became the founding pastor of the Shrine of the Little Flower, now a prominent landmark in the city. Through his ministry, he raised funds to build tower, he broadcast religious speeches from this site.
During the 1930s, his broadcasts became more political. He supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt opposed him and promoted the causes of the fascist leaders of Germany and Italy; the Roosevelt administration closed down his radio operation after the outbreak of World War II, with support from the Catholic hierarchy. Coughlin had developed national political influence and had an anti-semitic message, at a time when Jewish people were being persecuted in Germany; the downtown had a typical mixture of small-scale retail and trade to serve the city of Royal Oak. With the development of the highway system in the postwar period, it lost business to suburban malls. Since the late 1990s and early 2000s, Royal Oak's downtown has developed as an entertainment and nightlife destination. A number of large condominiums and lofts have been built in the area, increasing the density of the downtown population. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.79 square miles, all land.
Royal Oak developed around the Red Run. Vinsetta Boulevard was built skirting a source branch of the Red Run for its median. In the 1930s, Vinsetta's entire median, along with the river and all but the tops of the bridges for the crossing streets were filled in as part of a WPA project during the Great Depression. During 1967–8, the rest of the river in Oakland County was buried within a six-foot drain pipe; as of the census of 2010, there were 57,236 people, 28,063 households, 13,394 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,854.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 30,207 housing units at an average density of 2,562.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 4.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population. There were 28,063 households of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 52.3% were non-families.
41.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age in the city was 37.8 years. 16.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 60,062 people, 28,880 households, 14,440 families residing in the city; the population density was 5,083.0 people per square mile. There were 29,942 housing units at an average density of 2,534.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 1.54% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population. There were 28,880 households out of which 20.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 50.0% were non-families.
40.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.86. I
The Tarnished Eye
The Tarnished Eye is a 2004 crime novel by Judith Guest, based on the Robison family murders that occurred in June 1968 in Good Hart and the murders committed by John Norman Collins in the Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti areas of Michigan in the late 1960s. In an interview with Metro Times,Guest explained why she chose to write a fictionalized account of these two murder cases: "I’m interested in people’s motivations, why they do the things they do, why go to such extremes as if that’s the only solution to their problem; those two crimes laid awake in my mind for a long time, about five years ago, I decided to write about them, but write a novel." The Tarnished Eye at Judith Guest's website
Detroit is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Michigan, the largest United States city on the United States–Canada border, the seat of Wayne County. The municipality of Detroit had a 2017 estimated population of 673,104, making it the 23rd-most populous city in the United States; the metropolitan area, known as Metro Detroit, is home to 4.3 million people, making it the second-largest in the Midwest after the Chicago metropolitan area. Regarded as a major cultural center, Detroit is known for its contributions to music and as a repository for art and design. Detroit is a major port located on the Detroit River, one of the four major straits that connect the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway; the Detroit Metropolitan Airport is among the most important hubs in the United States. The City of Detroit anchors the second-largest regional economy in the Midwest, behind Chicago and ahead of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, the 13th-largest in the United States. Detroit and its neighboring Canadian city Windsor are connected through a tunnel and the Ambassador Bridge, the busiest international crossing in North America.
Detroit is best known as the center of the U. S. automobile industry, the "Big Three" auto manufacturers General Motors and Chrysler are all headquartered in Metro Detroit. In 1701, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, the future city of Detroit. During the 19th century, it became an important industrial hub at the center of the Great Lakes region. With expansion of the auto industry in the early 20th century, the city and its suburbs experienced rapid growth, by the 1940s, the city had become the fourth-largest in the country. However, due to industrial restructuring, the loss of jobs in the auto industry, rapid suburbanization, Detroit lost considerable population from the late 20th century to the present. Since reaching a peak of 1.85 million at the 1950 census, Detroit's population has declined by more than 60 percent. In 2013, Detroit became the largest U. S. city to file for bankruptcy, which it exited in December 2014, when the city government regained control of Detroit's finances.
Detroit's diverse culture has had both local and international influence in music, with the city giving rise to the genres of Motown and techno, playing an important role in the development of jazz, hip-hop and punk music. The erstwhile rapid growth of Detroit left a globally unique stock of architectural monuments and historic places, since the 2000s conservation efforts managed to save many architectural pieces and allowed several large-scale revitalizations, including the restoration of several historic theatres and entertainment venues, high-rise renovations, new sports stadiums, a riverfront revitalization project. More the population of Downtown Detroit, Midtown Detroit, various other neighborhoods has increased. An popular tourist destination, Detroit receives 19 million visitors per year. In 2015, Detroit was named a "City of Design" by UNESCO, the first U. S. city to receive that designation. Paleo-Indian people inhabited areas near Detroit as early as 11,000 years ago including the culture referred to as the Mound-builders.
In the 17th century, the region was inhabited by Huron, Odawa and Iroquois peoples. The first Europeans did not penetrate into the region and reach the straits of Detroit until French missionaries and traders worked their way around the League of the Iroquois, with whom they were at war, other Iroquoian tribes in the 1630s; the north side of Lake Erie was held by the Huron and Neutral peoples until the 1650s, when the Iroquois pushed both and the Erie people away from the lake and its beaver-rich feeder streams in the Beaver Wars of 1649–1655. By the 1670s, the war-weakened Iroquois laid claim to as far south as the Ohio River valley in northern Kentucky as hunting grounds, had absorbed many other Iroquoian peoples after defeating them in war. For the next hundred years no British, colonist, or French action was contemplated without consultation with, or consideration of the Iroquois' response; when the French and Indian War evicted the Kingdom of France from Canada, it removed one barrier to British colonists migrating west.
British negotiations with the Iroquois would both prove critical and lead to a Crown policy limiting the west of the Alleghenies settlements below the Great Lakes, which gave many American would-be migrants a casus belli for supporting the American Revolution. The 1778 raids and resultant 1779 decisive Sullivan Expedition reopened the Ohio Country to westward emigration, which began immediately, by 1800 white settlers were pouring westwards; the city was named by French colonists, referring to the Detroit River, linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie. On July 24, 1701, the French explorer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, along with more than a hundred other settlers began constructing a small fort on the north bank of the Detroit River. Cadillac would name the settlement Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, after Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine under Louis XIV. France offered free land to colonists to attract families to Detroit. By 1773, the population of Detroit was 1,400. By 1778, its population was up to 2,144 and it was the third-largest city in the Province of Quebec.
The region's economy was based on the lucrative fur trade, in which nume
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though novelists write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, while others aspire to support themselves in this way or write as an avocation. Most novelists struggle to get their debut novel published, but once published they continue to be published, although few become literary celebrities, thus gaining prestige or a considerable income from their work. Novelists come from a variety of backgrounds and social classes, this shapes the content of their works. Public reception of a novelist's work, the literary criticism commenting on it, the novelists' incorporation of their own experiences into works and characters can lead to the author's personal life and identity being associated with a novel's fictional content. For this reason, the environment within which a novelist works and the reception of their novels by both the public and publishers can be influenced by their demographics or identity.
Some novelists have creative identities derived from their focus on different genres of fiction, such as crime, romance or historical novels. While many novelists compose fiction to satisfy personal desires and commentators ascribe a particular social responsibility or role to novel writers. Many authors use such moral imperatives to justify different approaches to novel writing, including activism or different approaches to representing reality "truthfully". Novelist is a term derivative from the term "novel" describing the "writer of novels"; the Oxford English Dictionary recognizes other definitions of novelist, first appearing in the 16th and 17th centuries to refer to either "An innovator. However, the OED attributes the primary contemporary meaning of "a writer of novels" as first appearing in the 1633 book "East-India Colation" by C. Farewell citing the passage "It beeing a pleasant observation to note the order of their Coaches and Carriages.. As if it had bin the spoyles of a Tryumph leading Captive, or a preparation to some sad Execution" According to the Google Ngrams, the term novelist first appears in the Google Books database in 1521.
The difference between professional and amateur novelists is the author's ability to publish. Many people take up novel writing as a hobby, but the difficulties of completing large scale fictional works of quality prevent the completion of novels. Once authors have completed a novel, they will try to get it published; the publishing industry requires novels to have accessible profitable markets, thus many novelists will self-publish to circumvent the editorial control of publishers. Self-publishing has long been an option for writers, with vanity presses printing bound books for a fee paid by the writer. In these settings, unlike the more traditional publishing industry, activities reserved for a publishing house, like the distribution and promotion of the book, become the author's responsibility; the rise of the Internet and electronic books has made self publishing far less expensive and a realistic way for authors to realize income. Novelists apply a number of different methods to writing their novels, relying on a variety of approaches to inspire creativity.
Some communities encourage amateurs to practice writing novels to develop these unique practices, that vary from author to author. For example, the internet-based group, National Novel Writing Month, encourages people to write 50,000-word novels in the month of November, to give novelists practice completing such works. In the 2010 event, over 200,000 people took part – writing a total of over 2.8 billion words. Novelists don't publish their first novels until in life. However, many novelists begin writing at a young age. For example, Iain Banks began writing at eleven, at sixteen completed his first novel, "The Hungarian Lift-Jet", about international arms dealers, "in pencil in a larger-than-foolscap log book". However, he was thirty before he published his first novel, the controversial The Wasp Factory in 1984; the success of this novel enabled Banks to become a full-time novelist. An important writers' juvenilia if not published, is prized by scholars because it provides insight into an author's biography and approach to writing.
Novelists publish as early as their teens. For example, Patrick O'Brian published his first novel, Caesar: The Life Story of a Panda-Leopard, at the age of 15, which brought him considerable critical attention. Barbara Newhall Follett's The House Without Windows, was accepted and published in 1927 when she was 13 by the Knopf publishing house and earned critical acclaim from the New York Times, the Saturday Review, H. L. Mencken; these works will achieve popular success as well. For example, though Christopher Paolini's Eragon, was not a great critical success, but its popularity among readers placed it on the New York Times Children's Books Best Seller list for 121 weeks. First-time novelists of any age find themselves unable to get works published, because of a number of reasons reflecting the inexperience of the author and the economic realities of publishers. Authors mus
Killing Time in St. Cloud
Killing Time in St. Cloud is a crime novel by Judith Guest and Rebecca Hill first published in 1988. Killing Time in St. Cloud on Judith Guest's website
Ordinary People (novel)
Ordinary People is Judith Guest's first novel. Published in 1976, it tells the story of a year in the life of the Jarretts, an affluent suburban family trying to cope with the aftermath of two traumatic events. Although it won critical praise and awards upon its release, it is best remembered today as the basis for the 1980 film version, which won four Academy Awards including Best Picture, it is assigned in many American secondary school English classes. The novel begins as life is returning to normal for the Jarretts of Lake Forest, Illinois, in September 1975, it is more than a year since their elder son Buck was killed when a sudden storm came up while he and their other son Conrad were sailing on Lake Michigan. Six months a depressed Conrad attempted suicide by slashing his wrists with a razor in the bathroom, his parents committed him to a psychiatric hospital from which he has only returned after four months of treatment. He is attending school and trying to resume his life, but knows he still has unresolved issues with his mother, who has never recovered from Buck's death and keeps an maniacally perfect household and family.
His father Calvin, a successful tax attorney leans on him to make appointments to see a local psychiatrist, Dr. Tyrone Berger. Resistant, he starts to respond to Dr. Berger and comes to terms with the root cause of his depression, his identity crisis and survivor's guilt over having survived when Buck did not. Helping is a relationship with a new girlfriend, Jeannine Pratt. Calvin sees Dr. Berger as the events of the recent past have caused him to begin to doubt many things he once took for granted, leading to a midlife crisis; this leads to strain in his marriage as he finds Beth cold and distant, while she in turn believes he is overly concerned about Conrad to the point of being manipulated. The friction becomes enough that Beth decides to leave him at the novel's conclusion. Father and son, have closed the gap between them. Conrad Keith Jarrett, the son of Beth and Calvin, "Con" or "Connie" to his family and friends, he celebrates his 18th birthday midway through the novel. Like his late brother, he is a good swimmer, but quits the school swim team because being around water reminds him too much of Buck.
He had always been somewhat overshadowed by his brother. He has passive tendencies as well. Calvin Jarrett, 41, "Cal", his professional success has enabled him to provide a comfortable life to his wife and sons, which for a long time was a source of great pride to him as he had himself grown up in a Detroit orphanage without knowing his father. His mother died, he has long felt lucky, but the family's recent travails have caused him to begin to doubt that and wonder who he is. Beth Jarrett, 39. A homemaker who has long kept the Jarrett household neat and well-organized, to the point of being anal retentive, she plays golf and is active in the community but does not work outside the home. The novel gives little detail of her personal background, although her still-living parents provide some clues as to how she might have become this way. Dr. Tyrone Berger, the psychiatrist who helps Conrad work through his issues. Jeannine Pratt, a new student at Lake Forest who becomes Conrad's girlfriend. Like him, she has a dark episode in her recent past.
Joe Lazenby, one of Conrad's friends, who drives him to school. Alone among the swimmers, he recognizes. Conrad and he have a falling out during the novel, but they manage to mend their relationship towards the end. Kevin Stillman, A member of Lazenby's carpool and the swim team's diver, a group of people Conrad has long concluded are lousy human beings, he can be insensitive, not just to Conrad. One day after Conrad has quit the team, he and Conrad get into a fist fight. Carole Lazenby, Joe Lazenby's mother, a friend of Beth Jarrett. Ray Hanley, Calvin's law partner and longtime friend. Calvin had consoled Ray seven years earlier during a time when his wife Nancy had left him over an extramarital affair he was having. Nancy Hanley, Ray's wife disillusioned about marriage though she took her husband back and seems to be continuing to live with him. At one point she tells Calvin. Cherry, 19, Ray and Calvin's current secretary. Calvin does not think her competent at her job despite her pleasant personality, he and Ray both lament the lack of talent once available to them.
Her breakup with her boyfriend leads Calvin to ruminate about how "people are like icebergs... only one-seventh visible". Howard, Beth's father. Jovial, he speaks in clichés. Ellen, Beth's mother, her outward cordiality masks critical tendencies similar to her daughter. At one point Calvin speculates. Karen Susan Aldrich, a fellow patient at the hospital and friend to Conrad. Released three months before him, an unsuccessful suicide; when Conrad reads of her successful suicide in the newspaper, he is devastated as he had seen her as a role model for his own successful recovery. Mr. Faughnan, the choir director at Lake Forest, he is a perfectionist who cares only that his choir perform well, does not take a personal interest in any of its members. This allows Conrad to relax in the class. Coach Salan, the swimming coach at Lake Forest. While he allows Conrad two days a week off to see Dr. Berger and stays late with him to work out on the other days, Conrad does not like him, he only begrudgingly allowed Conrad to rejoin the te