All My Children
All My Children is an American television soap opera that aired on ABC for 41 years, from January 5, 1970, to September 23, 2011, on The Online Network from April 29 to September 2, 2013, via Hulu, Hulu Plus, iTunes. Created by Agnes Nixon, All My Children is set in Pine Valley, Pennsylvania, a fictional suburb of Philadelphia, modeled on the actual Philadelphia suburb of Rosemont; the original series featured Susan Lucci as Erica Kane, one of daytime television's most popular characters. The title of the series refers to the bonds of humanity. All My Children was the first new network daytime drama. Owned by Creative Horizons, Inc. the company created by Nixon and her husband, the show was sold to ABC in January 1975. The series started at a half-hour in per-installment length was expanded to a full hour on April 25, 1977. Earlier, the show had experimented with the full-hour format for one week starting on June 30, 1975, after which Ryan's Hope premiered. From 1970 to 1990, All My Children was recorded at ABC's TV18 at 101 West 67th St, now a 50-story apartment tower.
From March 1990 to December 2009, it was taped at ABC's Studio TV23 at 320 West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York. In December 2009, the locale for taping the series moved from Manhattan to less costly Los Angeles, California; the show was produced in Stages 1 and 2 at the Andrita Studios in Los Angeles, from 2010 to 2011, at the Connecticut Film Center in Stamford, Connecticut. All My Children started taping in high definition on January 4, 2010, began airing in high definition on February 3, 2010. All My Children became the third soap opera to be broadcast in high definition. At one point, the program's popularity positioned it as the most recorded television show in the United States. In a departure from societal norms at the time, All My Children, in the mid-1970s, had an audience, estimated to be 30% male; the show ranked No. 1 in the daytime Nielsen ratings in the 1978–79 season. Throughout most of the 1980s and into the early 1990s, All My Children was the No. 2 daytime soap opera on the air.
However, like the rest of the soap operas in the United States, All My Children experienced unprecedented declines in its daytime ratings during the 2000s. By the 2010s, it had become one of the least watched soap operas in daytime television. On April 14, 2011, ABC announced the cancellation of All My Children after a run of 41 years due to low ratings. On July 7, 2011, ABC sold the licensing rights of All My Children to third-party production company Prospect Park with the show set to continue on the internet as a series of webisodes; the show taped its final scenes for ABC on August 30, 2011, its final episode on the network aired on September 23, 2011, with a cliffhanger. On September 26, 2011, the following Monday, ABC replaced All My Children with a newly debuted talk show The Chew. Prospect Park had suspended its plan to revive the series on November 23, 2011, due to lack of funding and unsuccessful negotiation with the union organizations representing the actors and crews. On January 7, 2013, Prospect Park brought back its project to restore All My Children as a web series.
The show taped its first scenes for Prospect Park TOLN on February 18, 2013, its first episode on the network aired on April 29, 2013. However, the new series faced several behind-the-scene obstacles throughout its run. On November 11, 2013, several All My Children cast members announced that Prospect Park had closed production and canceled the series again. ABC regained the rights to All My Children in December 2016. Agnes Nixon head writer for The Guiding Light, first came up with the idea for All My Children in the 1960s; when writing the story bible, she designed the show so it would be a light-hearted soap opera that focused on social issues and young love. She unsuccessfully attempted to sell the series to NBC to CBS, once again to NBC through Procter & Gamble; when Procter & Gamble was unable to make room for the show in its lineup, Nixon put All My Children on hold. Nixon became head writer for Another World in 1965, decided to use a few ideas from her All My Children bible. In one specific case, she used the model of the Erica Kane character to create a brand new Another World character named Rachel Davis.
Nixon said Rachel was Erica's "precursor to the public... Erica and Rachel have in common is they thought if they could get their dream, they'd be satisfied... But that dream has been elusive", Nixon said. ABC approached her to create a show that would reflect a more contemporary tone; that program became One Life to Live, it debuted in 1968. After the show became a success, the network asked her for another program, she obliged by reviving her All My Children bible and the Erica Kane character; the poem, written by Nixon, that appears in the title credits' photo album reads: The Great and the Least, The Rich and the Poor, The Weak and the Strong, In Sickness and in Health, In Joy and Sorrow, In Tragedy and Triumph, You are ALL MY CHILDREN All My Children debuted on January 5, 1970, replacing the canceled game show Dream House. Rosemary Prinz was signed on to be the "special guest star" for six months, playing the role of political activist Amy Tyler. Prinz was well known for her role of Penny Hughes on As the World Turns in the 1950s and 1960s, she was added to the show to give it an initial boost due to her name value.
From 1970 and into the 1980s, the show was either written by Nixon herself or by her protégé, Wisner Washam. He was groomed by Nixon to take over the reins in the 1980s while she focused on other endeavors, which included creating and launching Loving in 1983. Nixon strove to cr
Adam Chandler is a fictional character from the ABC and The Online Network daytime drama All My Children, portrayed by David Canary from Fall 1983 through his departure on April 23, 2010, reprising the role for the series' final weeks on ABC in September 2011. Canary appeared several different times on One Life to Live. Adam Chandler was one of the most devious and powerful individuals within the town of Pine Valley, Pennsylvania, he is a member of the wealthy Chandler family, residing at the Chandler Mansion. Adam has been one of Pine Valley's most married characters, but his most significant relationships have been with his sunny-natured autistic twin Stuart, his long-time business rival Palmer Cortlandt. Five of Adam's eight children have survived into adulthood. Through them, he has three grandchildren. Alcoholism seems to run in the Chandler family, affecting Skye, Hayley and JR, his son JR was estranged from Adam because of his marriage to Annie Novak, he started an affair with Annie to break up his father's marriage.
This led to Adam Chandler leaving Pine Valley permanently in April 2010, to be with former wife Brooke English. After leaving town, Adam had his attorney and another ex-wife, serve Annie divorce papers. Recognized beyond fiction, Adam has been cited by scholars as one of the "most powerful male figures in television," as well as one of its most complex villains, said to "combine ruthlessness in business and love with wit and sometimes true tenderness." Jennifer Hayward. Consuming Pleasures: Active Audiences and Serial Fictions from Dickens to Soap Opera. University Press of Kentucky. P. 232. ISBN 978-0-8131-2025-6. Christopher Schemering; the Soap Opera Encyclopedia. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-32459-7. Adam Chandler's Character Bio from ABC.com Adam Chandler from soapcentral.com Adam Chandler at All My Children Blog
Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series
The Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series is an award presented annually by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences and Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. It is given to honor an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the daytime drama industry. At the 6th Daytime Emmy Awards held in 1979, Suzanne Rogers was the first winner of this award for her role as Maggie Horton on Days of Our Lives; the awards ceremony was not aired on television in 1983 and 1984, having been criticized for voting integrity. Following the introduction of a new category in 1985, Outstanding Younger Actress in a Drama Series, one criterion for this category was altered, requiring all actresses to be aged 26 or above. Since its inception, the award has been given to 35 actresses. General Hospital is the soap opera with the most awarded actresses, with a total of eight. In 1989, Nancy Lee Grahn and Debbi Morgan made Daytime Emmy Award history when they tied in this category.
Julia Barr, Amelia Heinle and Gina Tognoni are the only actresses to have won the award twice. Both, Heather Tom and Melissa Claire Egan have the most nominations in this category, with a total of five; as of the 2018 ceremony, Camryn Grimes is the most recent winner in this category for her portrayal of Mariah Copeland on The Young and the Restless. Listed below are the winners of the award for each year, as well as the other nominees; the following individuals received two wins in this category: The following individuals received two or more nominations in this category: "IMDb: Daytime Emmy Awards". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 2013-07-04
Brooke Allison English is a fictional character on the television soap opera All My Children. Originated by Elissa Leeds in 1976, she was portrayed by Julia Barr from 1976 to 1981 and from 1982 to 2006. Harriet Hall temporarily played the role in 1981. Barr made a special appearance as Brooke on January 5, 2010, as part of the series' 40th anniversary, returned on February 23, 2010, for a three-month stint until April 23, 2010, she returned for the show's final week on ABC on September 16, 2011. She returned as Brooke on the Prospect Park's continuation of All My Children. Barr earned eight Daytime Emmy Award nominations for the role, won twice in 1990 and 1998 for Best Supporting Actress. In 1976, Brooke English arrived on the doorstep of Phoebe Tyler, her aunt, as a wild teenager, struggling to find her true love, she started dating Dan Kennicott. She continued to see her old boyfriend, the dangerous Benny Sago, she pitted the two men against each other, they fought for her affections. She was out of control.
Benny had tried to blackmail Phoebe into letting Brooke stay. Brooke soon fell for Tom Cudahy, he was being pursued by Erica Kane, the two women's longstanding rivalry was born. Erica managed to win Tom's heart and he married her. Brooke returned to her relationship with Dan, where she was the mistress, as he was seeing Devon Shepherd. Phoebe, faking paralysis, caught Dan and Brooke in a compromising situation, threatened to throw out Brooke again; this was offset when Brooke found out about Phoebe's fake paralysis and blackmailed her into keeping her in the Tyler Mansion. Dan broke up with Devon and wanted to try a relationship with Brooke again. Brooke, soon started sleeping with Erica's half brother Mark Dalton. Mark made. Dan left town. Brooke, still trying to find the right man, began an affair with Eddie Dorrance, he ended up raping her. When he was killed, Brooke learned, pregnant with his child, she chose to terminate the pregnancy. Brooke and Tom began to have an affair; when Erica returned from California as an unsuccessful actress, she convinced Tom to give their marriage another try.
Her lies caused Tom to divorce her and propose to Brooke. The two married. Brooke had grown out of her teenage rebellious phase, took a job as a reporter, she made the discovery that her mother, Peg English, was the leader of an international drug cartel known as The Cobra. It was yet to be revealed, her father and Phoebe's brother died and Peg was sent to prison. Before she could reveal who Brooke's real mother was, she was killed; this compounded onto the problem of Tom's drinking. He and Erica, Brooke's archrival, had an affair the night; this is while Brooke was pregnant with Tom's child. Brooke was helped through the pregnancy by Mark, gave birth to a daughter, Laura Cudahy. Brooke ran into problems with this, she exposed a municipal scandal and refused to reveal her source, was sent to prison. When she got out of prison, there was Mark's lives at a party. Erica's fiancé, Mike Roy, took the bullet instead of Mark. After a while, Brooke's busy schedule led to her break up with Mark, she dated Giles St. Clair, a stuntman.
But his lifestyle interfered with her role as Laura's mother. She learned that her biological mother was a homeless woman named Jane Dorbin. Brooke tracked her down and the two built a relationship. Brooke met one of the wealthy Adam Chandler; the two fell in love. Brooke married Adam quickly, their happiness was short-lived when Brooke's beloved daughter, was killed by a drunk driver. It is an event that stayed with Brooke for the rest of her life, as she continued to mourn the loss of her pride and joy; when Brooke discovered that she could not bear any more children, Adam began to get anxious to have an heir to the Chandler fortune. He hired the niece of Palmer Cortlandt, his bitter business rival, to be a nanny, he began to have an affair with her. She soon gave birth to his son, JR Chandler; the affair cost him his marriage to Brooke. They divorced, Brooke began to work with Dixie's true love, Tad Martin. Tad and Dixie married after Dixie's brief marriage with Adam ended, but the marriage between Tad and Dixie soon ended.
When Tad and Dixie separated, he and Brooke had a brief affair. Tad was soon "killed" on a blown up bridge, fighting with Billy Clyde Tuggle. Soon after, Brooke discovered, much to her surprise, that she was pregnant! She told everyone that her pregnancy was because of artificial insemination to protect Dixie, after Tad had reconciled with her before he "died", she told the citizens of Pine Valley that she was pregnant with his best friend and former husband, Tom Cudahy's child. Tom and Brooke led everyone to believe this which discouraged any thoughts that the baby might be Tad's because Brooke did not want to cause any more pain to Dixie. While Brooke was pregnant, she began to rely on Jackson Montgomery, another one of Erica's old flames; the two grew close in friendship. Brooke nearly lost her baby when she and Jack were hit by Arlene Vaughan, driving drunk at the time. Despite having to be cut out of her car, Brooke gave birth to a healthy baby boy, James Edward Martin, whom she called Jamie.
Her miracle child has become Brooke's joy, following the death of Laura. Erica began t
Ruth Elizabeth Warrick was an American singer and political activist, best known for her role as Phoebe Tyler Wallingford on All My Children, which she played from 1970 until her death in 2005. She made her film debut in Citizen Kane, years celebrated her 80th birthday by attending a special screening of the film to a packed, standing-room-only audience. Over the years, she collected several books about Orson Welles and Citizen Kane, in which she wrote "Property of Ruth Warrick, Mrs. Citizen Kane". Ruth Warrick was born June 1916, in Saint Joseph, Missouri, to Fred R. and Annie L. Warrick. By writing an essay in high school called "Prevention and Cure of Tuberculosis", Warrick won a contest to be Miss Jubilesta, Missouri's paid ambassador to New York City. There she began her career as a radio singer, met her first husband Eric Rolf. Warrick's first big break was being hired by a young Orson Welles for Citizen Kane, in which she played Emily Monroe Norton, niece of the President of the United States and Kane's first wife.
Welles pulled her photograph from the hundreds. He spoke with her in New York: "I'm not looking for an actress that can play a lady," he said, "I want an actress, a lady." She was in California within days, making several screen tests including one with Welles, was regarded as perfect for the role. Warrick was expecting her first child during the filming of Kane, which prevented her being cast in The Magnificent Ambersons, she appeared in The Corsican Brothers, The Iron Major, Mr. Winkle Goes to War, Guest in the House. Following World War II, she had a role in the Academy Award winning Disney film Song of the South. After playing Betty Hutton's sister-in-law in Let's Dance, she starred as a troubled wife looking back at her life in the religious drama Second Chance and an alcoholic wife and mother in One Too Many. In the 1950s, she befriended soap opera executives Agnes Nixon. Warrick became a cast member on the soap opera The Guiding Light, playing Janet Johnson, R. N. from 1953–54. Phillips was impressed by Warrick's performance and hired her for her new soap opera, As the World Turns when the show debuted in 1956.
Her character, Edith Hughes, was madly in love with Jim Lowell. Phillips wanted the characters to live ever after, but Procter & Gamble, which owned the show, demanded that the characters not endorse adultery, so Jim "died", she stayed on the show until 1960. From 1959-60, she understudied for Una Merkel and Eileen Herlie in the Broadway musical, Take Me Along. During the 1961-62 television season, she starred in Father of the Bride television series. In 1965, she joined the cast of the primetime serial, Peyton Place, playing Hannah Cord. While there had been previous primetime serials, none had enjoyed the phenomenal success of Peyton Place. Warrick received an Emmy Award nomination for her work on this show in 1967, the same year she left the show. In 1969, she made The Great Bank Robbery. During this time, Nixon had been moving up the daytime television ranks, she had created her own show, One Life to Live, in 1968. ABC approved her new show, All My Children, in 1969; when All My Children debuted on January 5, 1970, Warrick was among the contracted cast, playing Pine Valley's imperious matriarch Phoebe Tyler.
The show was an instant hit and Phoebe became a popular character. While her role was that of a serious society snob concerned with keeping her family's name at the top of the town's social register, she began to add much humor into the role when her character, separated from her husband of many years, began having an affair with a phony professor Langley Wallingford, married him. Warrick received Daytime Emmy Award nominations in 1975 and 1977. In 1985, she played Hannah Cord in the television film Peyton Place: The Next Generation. Due to health problems, actor Louis Edmonds, who portrayed Warrick's All My Children husband, left the show in 1995. Combined with Warrick's own health problems, that signaled a reduction in her screen time in the 1990s. Warrick thenceforth used a wheelchair, she had a brief re-emergance in 2002 when Phoebe made a return appearance at a hospital board meeting and attended a society function with niece Brooke. Ruth was seen on screen until All My Children's 35th anniversary show on January 5, 2005.
This would be Warrick's final screen appearance. When she was wheeled into the building, the cast and crew gave her a standing ovation to welcome her back after such a long absence; this episode featured not only a rare appearance from Warrick, but the return of her stepdaughter Verla, played by Carol Burnett. In 1971 she published a single with the song 41,000 Plus 4 The Ballad of the Kent State Massacre as an hommage to Sandra Lee Scheuer, William Knox Schroeder, Jeffrey Glenn Miller and Allison Beth Krause, the four students killed at Kent State University during a demonstration against the Vietnam war, she published her autobiography, The Confessions of Phoebe Tyler in 1980, the same year she won a Soapy Award. She r
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f