Anne (Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode)
"Anne" is the third season premiere of the WB Television Network's drama television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. It was written and directed by series creator Joss Whedon, first broadcast on September 29, 1998. Under her middle name, "Anne", Buffy works as a diner waitress in L. A, she serves Lily and Rickie, a young couple living on the streets, who have just gotten a complementary set of distinctive tattoos. That evening Lily approaches Buffy and reveals that she remembers her from an earlier episode, when Lily was known as "Chanterelle"; as they talk, a man wanders into the street and is nearly hit by a car, only saved by Buffy's quick response. Buffy runs into a man named Ken, who comments on her "lost" state and offers to befriend her; the next day Lily tells Buffy. Buffy reluctantly agrees to help find him. In her search, she finds the body of an elderly homeless man with Rickie's tattoo. Buffy reports her findings to Lily. On the street Lily meets Ken, who claims to know Rickie, so she eagerly goes with him.
Buffy interrogates a blood bank worker, acting suspiciously, learns that the woman has been giving Ken the names of healthy homeless people who come in to donate blood. Meanwhile, Ken has prepared Lily for a "cleansing,". Lily hesitates. At the door, Buffy attempts to pass herself off as a sinner wanting a new chance, but ends up kicking her way into the building in time to see Lily dragged into the pool. Buffy and Ken wrestle and they both fall in. Ken's human mask falls off. Buffy and Lily are now amongst many other slave laborers of varying ages. Ken tells Buffy and Lily that they are in a hell dimension where time passes quickly: a hundred years there equals only one day in Los Angeles. Since he only picks people who no one will miss, they will have worked themselves to a used-up death of old age without anyone noticing their absence, he tells Lily that Rickie remembered her after he had forgotten his own name. Lily resigns herself to ending up in hell, accepts her fate passively. Ken lines the captives up and each one is asked, "Who are you?" and bludgeoned unless they answer "I'm no one."
When it is Buffy's turn, she says her name with pride and a battle ensues until Ken threatens Lily at knifepoint. Ken delivers a speech. Lily leads the captives back up through the pool as Buffy dispatches Ken. Once all of the humans are out of the demonic dimension, the pool gateway closes. Back in her apartment, Buffy packs her bag, ready to return to Sunnydale, she gives Lily her "Anne" identity. The episode ends with Buffy being embraced by her relieved mother. Noel Murray of The A. V. Club described "Anne" as "a clever meditation on adolescent identity"; the scene where Anne asserts her identity as Buffy was used as a promotional clip for reruns of the series on the FX channel. "Anne" on IMDb "Anne" at TV.com
Walt Disney World
The Walt Disney World Resort called Walt Disney World and Disney World, is an entertainment complex in Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in the United States, near the cities Orlando and Kissimmee. Opened on October 1, 1971, the resort is owned and operated by Disney Parks and Products, a division of The Walt Disney Company, it was first operated by Walt Disney World Company. The property, which covers nearly 25,000 acres, only half of, used, comprises four theme parks, two water parks, twenty-seven themed resort hotels, nine non-Disney hotels, several golf courses, a camping resort, other entertainment venues, including the outdoor shopping center Disney Springs. Designed to supplement Disneyland, in Anaheim, which had opened in 1955, the complex was developed by Walt Disney in the 1960s. "The Florida Project", as it was known, was intended to present a distinct vision with its own diverse set of attractions. Walt Disney's original plans called for the inclusion of an "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow", a planned community intended to serve as a test bed for new city-living innovations.
Walt Disney died on December 1966, during construction of the complex. Without him spearheading the construction, the company built a resort similar to Disneyland, abandoning the experimental concepts for a planned community. Magic Kingdom was the first theme park to open in the complex, in 1971, followed by Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom. Today, Walt Disney World is the most visited vacation resort in the world, with average annual attendance of more than 52 million; the resort is the flagship destination of Disney's worldwide corporate enterprise and has become a popular staple in American culture. In 1959, Walt Disney Productions began looking for land to house a second resort to supplement Disneyland in Anaheim, which had opened in 1955. Market surveys at the time revealed that only 5% of Disneyland's visitors came from east of the Mississippi River, where 75% of the population of the United States lived. Additionally, Walt Disney disliked the businesses that had sprung up around Disneyland and wanted more control over a larger area of land in the next project.
Walt Disney flew over a potential site in Orlando, Florida – one of many – in November 1963. After witnessing the well-developed network of roads and taking the planned construction of both Interstate 4 and Florida's Turnpike into account, with McCoy Air Force Base to the east, Disney selected a centrally-located site near Bay Lake. To avoid a burst of land speculation, Walt Disney World Company used various dummy corporations to acquire 30,500 acres of land. In May 1965, some of these major land transactions were recorded a few miles southwest of Orlando in Osceola County. In addition, two large tracts totaling $1.5 million were sold, smaller tracts of flatlands and cattle pastures were purchased by exotically-named companies such as the "Ayefour Corporation", "Latin-American Development and Management Corporation" and the "Reedy Creek Ranch Corporation". Some are now memorialized on a window above Main Street, U. S. A. in Magic Kingdom. The smaller parcels of land acquired were called "outs".
They were 5-acre lots sold to investors. Most of the owners in the 1960s were happy to get rid of the land, swamp at the time. Another issue was the mineral rights to the land. Without the transfer of these rights, Tufts could come in at any time and demand the removal of buildings to obtain minerals. Disney's team negotiated a deal with Tufts to buy the mineral rights for $15,000. Working in secrecy, real estate agents unaware of their client's identity began making offers to landowners in April 1964 in parts of southwest Orange and northwest Osceola counties; the agents were careful not to reveal the extent of their intentions, they were able to negotiate numerous land contracts with some including large tracts of land for as little as $100 an acre. With the understanding that the recording of the first deeds would trigger intense public scrutiny, Disney delayed the filing of paperwork until a large portion of the land was under contract. Early rumors and speculation about the land purchases assumed possible development by NASA in support of the nearby Kennedy Space Center, as well as references to other famous investors such as Ford, the Rockefellers, Howard Hughes.
An Orlando Sentinel news article published weeks on May 20, 1965, acknowledged a popular rumor that Disney was building an "East Coast" version of Disneyland. However, the publication denied its accuracy based on an earlier interview with Disney at Kennedy Space Center, in which he claimed a $50 million investment was in the works for Disneyland, that he had no interest in building a new park. In October 1965, editor Emily Bavar from the Sentinel visited Disneyland during the park's 10th-anniversary celebration. In an interview with Disney, she asked him if he was behind recent land purchases in Central Florida, his reaction, combined with other research obtained during her Anaheim visit, led Bavar to author a story on October 21, 1965, where she predicted that Disney was building a second theme park in Florida. Three days after gathering more information from various sources, the Sentinel published another article headlined, "We Say:'Mystery Industry' Is Disney". Walt Disney had planned to publicly reveal Disney World on November 15, 1965, but in light of the Sentinel story, Disney asked
Santa Fe, New Mexico
Santa Fe is the capital of the U. S. state of New Mexico. It is the seat of Santa Fe County; this area was occupied for at least several thousand years by indigenous peoples who built villages several hundred years ago, on the current site of the city. It was known by the Tewa inhabitants as Ogha Po'oge; the city of Santa Fe, founded by Spanish colonists in 1610, is the oldest state capital in the United States. Santa Fe had a population of 69,204 in 2012, it is the principal city of a Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Santa Fe County and is part of the larger Albuquerque–Santa Fe–Las Vegas combined statistical area. The city's full name as founded remains La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís. Before European colonization of the Americas, the area Santa Fe occupied between 900 CE and the 1500s was known to the Tewa peoples as Oghá P'o'oge and by the Navajo people as Yootó. In 1610, Juan de Oñate established the area as Santa Fe de Nuevo México–a province of New Spain.
Formal Spanish settlements were developed leading the colonial governor Pedro de Peralta to rename the area La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís. The phrase "Santa Fe" is translated as "Holy Faith" in Spanish. Although more known as Santa Fe, the city's full, legal name remains to this day as La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís; the standard Spanish variety pronounces it SAHN-tah-FAY as contextualized within the city's full, Spaniard name La Villa Real de la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Aśis. However, due to the large amounts of tourism and immigration into Santa Fe, an English pronunciation of SAN-tuh-FAY is commonly used; the area of Santa Fe was occupied by indigenous Tanoan peoples, who lived in numerous Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900 CE. A group of native Tewa built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today's Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west.
The river had a year-round flow until the 1700s. By the 20th century the Santa Fe River was a seasonal waterway; as of 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers. Don Juan de Oñate led the first European effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo. New Mexico's second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607, which he called La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís, the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi. In 1610, he designated it as the capital of the province, which it has constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States. Discontent with the colonization practices led to the Pueblo Revolt, when groups of different Native Pueblo peoples were successful in driving the Spaniards out of the area now known as New Mexico, maintaining their independence from 1680 to 1692, when the territory was reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas.
Santa Fe was Spain's provincial seat at outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. It was considered important to fur traders based in present-day Saint Missouri; when the area was still under Spanish rule, the Chouteau brothers of Saint Louis gained a monopoly on the fur trade, before the United States acquired Missouri under the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The fur trade contributed to the wealth of St. Louis; the city's status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution after Mexico achieved independence from Spain. When the Republic of Texas seceded from Mexico in 1836, it attempted to claim Santa Fe and other parts of Nuevo México as part of the western portion of Texas along the Río Grande. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, intending to take control of the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico.
Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into Santa Fe to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States. By 1848 the U. S. gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled "Spain 1776" showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule; some American visitors at first saw little promise in the remote town. One traveller in 1849 wrote: I can hardly imagine how Santa Fe is supported; the country around it is barren. At the North stands a snow-capped mountain while the valley in which the town is situated is drab and sandy; the streets are narrow... A Mexican will walk about town all day to sell a bundle of grass worth about a dime, they are the poorest looking people I saw. They subsist principally on mutton and red pepper. In 1851, Jean Baptiste Lamy arrived, becoming bishop of New Mexico, Utah, C
Charmed is an American fantasy drama television series created by Constance M. Burge and produced by Aaron Spelling and his production company Spelling Television, with Brad Kern serving as showrunner; the series was broadcast by The WB for eight seasons from October 7, 1998, until May 21, 2006. The series narrative follows a trio of sisters, known as The Charmed Ones, the most powerful good witches of all time, who use their combined "Power of Three" to protect innocent lives from evil beings such as demons and warlocks; each sister possesses unique magical powers that grow and evolve, while they attempt to maintain normal lives in modern-day San Francisco. Keeping their supernatural identities separate and secret from their ordinary lives becomes a challenge for them, with the exposure of magic having far-reaching consequences on their various relationships and resulting in a number of police and FBI investigations throughout the series; the series focuses on the three Halliwell sisters, Prue and Phoebe.
Following Prue's death in the third-season finale, their long-lost half sister Paige Matthews assumes her place within the "Power of Three" from season four onwards. Charmed achieved a cult following and popularity on The WB with its first episode "Something Wicca This Way Comes" garnering 7.7 million viewers, breaking the record for the network's highest-rated debut episode. The show's ratings, although smaller than rival shows on the "big four" networks, were a success for the new and smaller WB network. Charmed went through several timeslot changes during its eight-season run. For its first three seasons in the Wednesday/Thursday 9:00 pm timeslot, Charmed was the second-highest rated series on The WB, behind 7th Heaven. During its fifth season, the show moved to the Sunday 8:00 pm timeslot, where it became the highest-rated Sunday night program in The WB's history. At 178 episodes, Charmed was the second-longest drama broadcast behind 7th Heaven. In 2006, it became the longest running hour-long television series featuring all female leads, before being surpassed by Desperate Housewives in 2012.
The series has received numerous awards and nominations. In 2010, The Huffington Post and AOL TV ranked Charmed within their joint list of "The Top 20 Magic/Supernatural Shows of All Time," while in 2013, TV Guide listed the series as one of "The 60 Greatest Sci-Fi Shows of All Time." Charmed has become a source of pop culture references in film and television and has influenced other succeeding television series in the same subgenre. The show's success has led to its development in other media, including a video game, board games, novels, a comic book series which served as a continuation of its narrative. According to data research from The NPD Group in 2012, Charmed was the second-most binge watched television series on subscription video-on-demand services, such as Netflix. A reboot premiered on The CW on October 14, 2018; the series starts when Phoebe Halliwell returns from New York and moves back into the family's Halliwell Manor in San Francisco to live with her sisters Prue and Piper.
When Phoebe discovers the family's Book of Shadows in the attic, she learns that she and her sisters are the most powerful witches known, destined to protect both innocents and the world at large from demons and other evil creatures. Phoebe, reasonably suspecting the book to be a novelty, reads its initial inscription—unaware that it happens to be an incantation activating the sisters' supernatural powers once all three are reunited in their ancestral home. By the end of the first episode, each sister learns that she has a unique magical power and that they can each cast spells and brew potions. Prue, the eldest, has the power of telekinesis, in season two she develops the power of astral projection. Piper, the middle sister, has the power to "freeze" people and objects in time; as she grows more proficient, she learns how to freeze only certain people or objects or body parts, as she wishes. In season three, her powers evolve further, as she is able to cause evil beings or objects to explode using her hands.
Phoebe, the youngest of the three possesses the power of premonition allowing her to receive visions of the future and of the past. She develops the powers of levitation in season three, empathy in season six, the latter allowing her to sense and tap into others' emotions and, powers. In accordance with the series' mythology, witches' powers are tied to their emotions. During the first two seasons, the sisters face various evil beings from week to week. However, in the third season, they discover that their ultimate enemy is The Underworld's demonic ruler, The Source of All Evil. Prue is killed in the season three finale by The Source's personal assassin, Shax. While grieving for their older sister and Phoebe discover that they have a younger half-sister, Paige Matthews, the secret love child of their witch mother and her whitelighter Sam Wilder. Paige's magical abilities represent her dual heritage as both a whitelighter; as she attempts to control the two sides of her ancestry, Paige learns how to orb herself and others, to heal others with the touch of her hand.
A Man Apart
A Man Apart is a 2003 American vigilante action film directed by F. Gary Gray and released by New Line Cinema; the film stars Larenz Tate. The story follows undercover DEA agent Sean Vetter, on a vendetta to take down a mysterious drug lord named Diablo after his wife is murdered; the film was released in the United States on April 4, 2003. Sean Vetter and Demetrius Hicks, who are former criminals, are members of the U. S. DEA working on the California/Mexico border. After tracking him for seven years they arrest a drug baron named Memo Lucero, but a new drug baron, the mysterious "Diablo", starts to take over Memo's drug pipeline and territory, to send a warning message to the DEA. Diablo organizes the assassination of Vetter; the assassination is botched and Vetter survives. Looking for revenge, Vetter acts outside the law to punish his wife's murderers. To accomplish that, he asks Memo, now in prison, for help finding Diablo. After Memo's wife and son are assassinated by Diablo he agrees to help Vetter.
In return he asks for help in being transferred to another prison. When Memo is being transferred he manages to escape. With Hicks' help, Vetter hunts every member of the cartel from the bottom to the top of the organization's hierarchy and finds that Memo is linked to the recent activities. Vetter gets help from Lucero to find Diablo and finds out that he killed Lucero's right hand man, posing as Diablo. Sometime Vetter finds Lucero hiding out in a small town in Mexico. Lucero tells Vetter that it was his arrogance got Stacy killed, just like him coming to "kill" Lucero. Vetter pulls out the handcuffs and repeats to Lucero what Lucero had said to him when they first met in prison, "If I wanted you dead. You would be." The movie ends there with undercover DEA agents taking Lucero back into custody. The viewer is left with the impression that Lucero is Diablo and that he ordered the hit of his own family and Sean. Vin Diesel as Sean Vetter Larenz Tate as Demetrius Hicks Timothy Olyphant as "Hollywood" Jack Slayton Geno Silva as Memo Lucero Jacqueline Obradors as Stacy Vetter Karrine Steffans as Candice Hicks Steve Eastin as Ty Frost Juan Fernández as Mateo Santos Jeff Kober as Pomona Joe Marco Rodríguez as Hondo Mike Moroff as Gustavo Leon Emilio Rivera as Garza George Sharperson as Big Sexy Malieek Straughter as Overdose Alice Amter as Marta Ken Davitian as Ramon Cadena Rachel Sterling as Assia After a prolonged delay, A Man Apart was released April 4, 2003 in 2,459 theaters and grossed $11,019,224 on its opening weekend, ranking #3 at the box office.
As of July 10, 2003, the film has a domestic box office gross of $26,736,098 and a foreign gross of $17,614,828, giving it a worldwide total of $44,350,926. The film was panned by critics. On the film review website Rotten Tomatoes it holds an 11% "Rotten" with the general consensus being "Action and drama elements don't mix well in this cliched actioner"; the film holds an average score of 36 out of 100 based on 32 reviews on another film review aggregator site, Metacritic. A Man Apart was released on DVD on September 2, 2003 as a'barebones' release, containing no special features except deleted scenes and trailers, it was criticized for its poor video transfer. The film was released on Blu-ray Disc on August 14, 2012; the film's original title "Diablo" was the subject of a lawsuit by the video game company Blizzard Entertainment in 2001 when the developer/publisher filed against New Line Cinema, claiming trademark infringement on the name Diablo. A court ruled in favor of Blizzard, but the decision was reversed on appeal.
New Line changed the film's name. However, another movie with the same name, starring Scott Eastwood, was released in 2015. "The Messenjah" - P. O. D "Straight Out of Line" - Godsmack "Right Now" - Korn "I'm Tired of Good, I'm Trying Bad" - Bootsy Collins "Touch" - Seal "Descarga Total" - Maraca "Double Drums" - Peter Kruder "6 Underground" - Sneaker Pimps "But I Feel Good" - Groove Armada "King for a Day" - Jamiroquai "Buena" - Mark Sandman "My Own Prison" - Creed "Rover Take Over" - Lords of Acid "Gone!" - The Cure "Broken Home" - Papa Roach "Nothing To Lose" - Buddy Klein A Man Apart at AllMovie A Man Apart on IMDb A Man Apart at Rotten Tomatoes A Man Apart at Metacritic
Angel (1999 TV series)
Angel is an American television series, a spin-off from the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The series was created by Joss Whedon, in collaboration with David Greenwalt, it aired on The WB from October 5, 1999, to May 19, 2004, consisting of five seasons and 110 episodes. Like Buffy, it was produced by Mutant Enemy; the show details the ongoing trials of Angel, a vampire whose human soul was restored to him by gypsies as a punishment for the murder of one of their own. After more than a century of murder and the torture of innocents, Angel's restored soul torments him with guilt and remorse. Angel moves to Los Angeles, after it's clear that his doomed relationship with Buffy, the vampire slayer, cannot continue. During the first four seasons of the show, he works as a private detective in L. A, where he and a variety of associates work to "help the helpless", restoring the faith and saving the souls of those who have lost their way; this involves doing battle with evil demons or humans allied to them related to Wolfram & Hart, a law firm supported by occult practices, an extension of otherworldly demonic forces, which Angel takes over in the final season.
He must battle his own demonic nature. The series focuses around Angel, an Irish vampire, over 200 years old. Angel was known as Angelus during his rampages across Europe, but was cursed with a soul, which gave him a conscience and guilt for centuries of murder and torture, he left Buffy the Vampire Slayer at the end of Season 3 to move to Los Angeles in search of redemption. He soon finds himself assisted by Allen Francis Doyle, another Irish character, a half-human, half-demon who, although he comes across as a ne'er-do-well hustler, has a heroic side. Doyle serves to pass along the cryptic visions from The Powers That Be to Angel. They're soon joined by Cordelia Chase a previous cast member of Buffy. A popular high school cheerleader, Cordelia starts her tenure on the show as a vapid and shallow personality, but grows over the course of the series into a hero. Cordelia acquires Doyle's visions via a shared kiss prior to Doyle's death. With the death of Doyle in the early episodes of the show's first season, another character from the Buffy series makes the jump to its spin-off: Wesley Wyndam-Pryce joins the team under the brave guise of "rogue demon hunter", acting as comic relief and not well-accepted.
Over time, Wesley shows bravery and strength, as well as some cold blooded killing cruelty, like his colleague Rupert Giles, grows into a leader. In Season 2 of the show, the trio are joined by Charles Gunn, a young demon hunter who must adjust to working with and for a vampire. At the end of Season 2, they travel to the demon world Pylea, where they save Winifred "Fred" Burkle, a young Texan physicist whose social skills have become stunted after five years' captivity. Season 3 saw the introduction of Connor, the "miracle" human child of two vampires and Darla. Abducted into a Hell dimension as a baby, he is raised by Angel's enemy Daniel Holtz, only a few weeks after he left comes back as a teenager and reluctantly comes to accept his lineage. Although introduced during Season 2, Lorne joins the team during Season 3. An outgoing, pacifistic demon, Lorne's role is predominantly to support the team. Season 5, the show's final season, introduces several new cast members, chief amongst them Spike, an old vampire ally/foe of Angel's who starred in Buffy.
In this series, Spike reluctantly fights beside Angel as their rivalry continues – now tinged with Spike existing as another vampire with a soul, by the romantic feelings that both of them have for Buffy Summers. One of the legendary Old Ones, Illyria starts off as an adversary of the team after taking over Fred's body, but comes to join the team as she must learn to cope with the changed world and the new emotions she feels as a result of taking over a human. There's Harmony Kendall, another Buffy alumna and former friend of Cordelia, turned into a vampire. Resembling the old personality of Cordelia, Harmony is grudgingly accepted by Angel as his secretary when he takes over the Los Angeles branch of Wolfram & Hart. Many characters on Angel made recurring appearances; the two longest-running recurring characters are Lilah Morgan and Lindsey McDonald, appearing in 36 and 21 episodes, respectively. Angel's sire Darla, first seen in Buffy, plays in an expanded role on Angel and appears in 20 episodes over the course of the series.
Elisabeth Röhm appears in 15 episodes as LAPD Detective Kate Lockley, a woman with an often-strained relationship with Angel. Throughout the series, there were guest appearances from Buffy characters, including main cast members Buffy Summers, Willow Rosenberg and Daniel "Oz" Osbourne; the rogue slayer Faith played an important part in episodes of Seasons 1, 2, 4. Whedon used two actors from his cancelled television series Firefly, Gina Torres and Adam Baldwin, to play Jasmine and Marcus Hamilton, respectively. Much of Angel was shot on location in California; the show is set in the city of Los Angeles. "Los Angeles" are the first words spoken in the premiere episode, the cityscape is the first image seen in the opening credits. Joss Whedon said, "It is set i
The Haunted Mansion
The Haunted Mansion is a dark ride attraction located at Disneyland Park, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland. The attraction, although differing in every location, places riders inside a haunted manor resided in by "999 happy haunts"; the Haunted Mansion features a ride-through tour in Omnimover vehicles called "Doom Buggies", a walk-through show is displayed to riders waiting in the line queue. The attraction utilizes a range of technology, from centuries-old theatrical effects to modern special effects featuring spectral Audio-Animatronics; the Haunted Mansion has inspired two themed attractions, Phantom Manor and Mystic Manor, which exist at Disneyland Paris and Hong Kong Disneyland, respectively. The idea for the Mansion precedes Disneyland and WED Enterprises, to when Walt Disney hired the first of his Imagineers. At the time, the park they were developing the attraction for was supposed to be located across from the studios. In 1951, the first known illustration of the park showed a main street setting, green fields, western village and a carnival.
Disney Legend Harper Goff developed a black-and-white sketch of a crooked street leading away from main street by a peaceful church and graveyard, with a run-down manor perched high on a hill that towered over main street. Disney assigned Imagineer Ken Anderson to create a story using Goff's idea. Plans were made to build a New Orleans-themed land in the small transition area between Frontierland and Adventureland. Weeks New Orleans Square appeared on the souvenir map and promised a thieves market, a pirate wax museum, a haunted house walk-through. Anderson studied New Orleans and old plantations and came up with a drawing of an antebellum manor overgrown with weeds, dead trees, swarms of bats and boarded doors and windows topped by a screeching cat as a weather vane. Disney, rejected the idea of having a run-down building in his park, he visited the Winchester Mystery House in San Jose and was captivated by the massive mansion with its stairs to nowhere, doors that opened to walls and holes, elevators.
Anderson envisioned stories for the mansion, including tales of a ghostly sea captain who killed his nosy bride and hanged himself, a mansion home to an unfortunate family, a ghostly wedding party with well-known Disney villains and spooks. Imagineers Rolly Crump and Yale Gracey recreated Ken Anderson's stories in a studio at WED Enterprises. In 1961, handbills announcing a 1963 opening of the Haunted Mansion were given out at Disneyland's main entrance. Construction began a year and the exterior was completed in 1963; the attraction was previewed in a 1965 episode of Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color, but the attraction itself would not open until 1969. The six-year delay owed to Disney's involvement in the New York World's Fair in 1964–1965 and to an attraction redesign after Walt's death in 1966. After the fair, many Imagineers such as Marc Davis, X Atencio and Claude Coats contributed ideas to the project. By this time, Ken Anderson had left the project. Rolly Crump showed Walt some designs for his version, which included bizarre objects like coffin clocks, candle men, talking chairs, man-eating plants, tiki-like busts, living gypsy wagons and a mirror with a face.
Walt accepted these ideas and wanted to make the proclaimed "Museum of the Weird", a restaurant side to the now-named Haunted Mansion, similar to the Blue Bayou at Pirates of the Caribbean. Though this concept was never realized, some of its aspects were implemented into the final attraction; when Walt put Imagineers Rolly Crump and Yale Gracey in charge of creating the visual illusions for the attraction, they intended to make the "Museum of the Weird" into a separate section that guests could walk through and discover illusions from around the world. Guests would be able to see transparent ghosts and other apparitions, utilizing the Pepper's Ghost technique used in the theater since the early 1800s. Crump and Gracey were given an entire warehouse to house their developments and one evening forgot to switch off the mechanics before leaving for the day; the cleaning crew was met with surprise as Crump explained, "Once, we got a call from personnel saying that the janitors requested that we leave the lights on in there due to the creepiness of all the audio-animatronic ghosts and such.
We complied, but put motion sensors in the room that would extinguish the lights and turn on all the ghost effects when triggered. The next morning, we came in and found all the ghost effects still running and a broom lying in the center of the floor. Personnel called and said that the janitors would not be back."Marc Davis and Claude Coats, two of the mansion's main designers, disagreed on whether the ride should be frightening or enjoyable. Claude a background artist, wanted a scary adventure, produced renditions of moody surroundings like endless hallways, corridors of doors and numerous characterless environments. Marc, an animator and character designer, proposed variegated characters and thought the ride should be silly and full of gags. In the end, both artists got their ways when X Atencio combined their approaches and ideas, creating a transition from dark foreboding to "spirited" entertainment; the ride narration was performed by Paul Frees in the role of the Ghost Host. The attraction's theme song, "Grim Grinning Ghosts", was composed by Buddy Baker with lyrics written by X Atencio.
It can be heard with various instrumentations and tempos. After Disney's death in December 1966, the project evolved significantly; the Imagineers objected to a walk-through attraction's low capacity, going so far as suggesting building two identical attractions to accommodate twice as